Questions related to Poverty
Would anyone be able to assist me with data on poverty in SSA countries? The countries are Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Togo
Imaging Adam Smith stating the theory of the perfect green market in 1776 instead of the theory of the perfect traditional market. This has current development implications in terms of current social, environmental and population issues. And this leads to the question: What are the main current negative implications of Adam Smith’s legacy? Why it turned out this way?
What do you think?
Please share your own ideas.
I was thinking of using a VAR model. can you direct me to other similar studies
I will be glad if someone could suggest evidence-based recommendations for the most ideal HIV differentiated services model for children in sub-Saharan Africa, especially considering the peculiarities resource-constraints, poor access to facility-based services and poverty.
The recent American election has brought Trump to the fore again, a man under investigation for his last term in office, and throughout the world autocracies have climbed to the forefront, some run by known criminals.
In addition, autocracies, according to Acemoglu and Robinson in Why Nations Fail (2012), advance poverty. Are we going backward, not just to more war?
Dear specialists, researchers, and practitioners.
As I am reading the literature on energy poverty issues, I cannot find any articles or books discussing the link between energy/fuel poverty and economic/energy economic theories.
I know that the approaches to analyze such phenomenon are based on the capabilities approach and energy/environmental justice, among others.
I am starting this discussion to hear your opinions, and points of view and maybe suggest books/articles that focus on energy poverty within the context of energy economics and economic theories.
Tax cuts to the rich is the prefer idea on how to promote and expand economic growth in supply side economics despite knowing it does not work as expected. Yet, this policy is usually the first choice in supply side run democracies like in the USA or now the UK when supply side promoters are in power.
Any policy that worsens inequality should be expected in practice to negatively affect economic growth as under extreme inequality or worsening inequality the traditional trickle down should be expected to be mute or not to work as intended. And this raises the question, tax cuts to the rich and the embudo effect, is that why the trickled down effect does not work as intended?
What do you think?
Are there any published work out there that would demonstrate that the intention formation model of Ajzen (Theory of Planned Behavior) works less well in poverty conditions?
Most of the resesrch so far seems to have been done among rather well-doing individuals (e.g. students in higher education), even when a study is conducted in developing country context. What about individuals living in poverty: does the TPB model explain the formation of intentions among people in poverty as well as it explain among individuals who live in 'non-poverty conditions'?
I would be especially interested in identifying a publish study that questions the explanatory power of the TPB in poverty condition, no matter what the intention is about.
Thanks in advance for your insights!
Less than 50% of Africans have access to electricity. Almost all power utility companies are operating below compacity leading to high energy poverty in the continent. Trade in electricity and gas is also not very high, mostly because of lack of production capacity from many African countries and also infrastructure to facilitate that trade. However, the continent has sunshine, wind, gas reserves and coal in abundance compared to other continents. Unfortunately, the sources of energy that Africa has in abundance has not been fully explored to the maximum levels. Given the above brief background, is it the right time for Africa to abandon fossil fuels in favor of clean and renewable energy?
Out of the 7.7 billion world population in 2020, more than 800 million people were undernourished, and more than 50 million were suffering from urgent food hunger. Over the next three decades, the world population is expected to grow by 25%, which mandates the need to adopt novel strategies to feed the world. From your point of view, what individual actions and/or novel research work may provide a solution to the aforementioned worldwide challenge?
Poverty is one of the economic statuses of people. There are some significant differences in the poverty of people in Developed countries and Developing countries. Poverty is a perception. It is an economic status symbol of society. To see the world in which so many "haves" and "have-nots". It is a status which is bestowed on people who have relatively little - even societies of plenty. That's why we probably can't really ever "remove poverty".
The poverty in Developed countries is totally different from the Developing countries. For example, in the US the people have a car, bank balances, secured food but they don't have a house to sleep at night. They used to sleep in the car itself. They are poverty people in the US.
The poverty people in developing countries do not have enough food, money, and assets but they have the house to live in.
Economic growth is the most powerful tool for reducing poverty and the poor people will fail to benefit those privileges given by the Government. The chances of removing poverty altogether are zero. The closer look at we get to ending poverty, the harder it is going to be to do it. Even though the Government is taking serious measures to remove poverty from society but it is existing again. That means the rate of growth of the poverty level can be reduced but not remove. Finally, we can differentiate them that Urban Poverty and Rural Poverty.
Those who read the 1987 Brundtland Commission Report know that it was about sustainable development solutions to the social and environmental sustainability issues embedded in the traditional market model due to the assumption of social and environmental externality neutrality that had led to social problems(poverty, over population) and environmental problems(Pollution, environmental degradation) that the commission highlighted as the reason for the need to go, not half way from business as usual, but away from business as usual, and they gave us the definition of sustainable development, not of sustainability…..
But look at the UN related page below and its content:
Sustainable development requires an integrated approach that takes into consideration environmental concerns along with economic development.
In 1987, the United Nations Brundtland Commission defined sustainability as “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Today, there are almost 140 developing countries in the world seeking ways of meeting their development needs, but with the increasing threat of climate change, concrete efforts must be made to ensure development today does not negatively affect future generations.
The Sustainable Development Goals form the framework for improving the lives of populations around the world and mitigating the hazardous man-made effects of climate change. SDG 13: Climate Action, calls for integrating measures to prevent climate change within development frameworks. SDG 14: Life Below Water, and SDG 15: Life on Land, also call for more sustainable practices in using the earth’s natural resources. “
See we know, a) sustainability(optimization based) is not sustainable development (maximization based); b) The commission gave us a definition of sustainable development and not of sustainability as they saw the social and environmental issues created by the traditional market in terms of sustainable development thinking; c) that is why we have sustainable development goals, NOT sustainability goals.
We know the sustainability model is different than the sustainable development model and according to the model inconsistency principle sustainability and sustainable development can not be equated or defined one as the other or the other as the one.
But the UN defines sustainability as sustainable development there, a scientific inconsistency as it violates the theory-practice consistency principle.
Which raises the question, Do defining sustainability as sustainable development requires alternative academic facts? If yes, Why?
I think YES, what do you think?
Feel free to provide your own view when answering the question.
While occupational social work is said to be quite recent origin, there are already signs that its relevance and applicability in the work place in development countries will become more pronounced given the fast changing and complex nature of the work place. I would like to hear from any scholar or researcher who has done research or practiced occupational social work in a developing country context.
I want to compare the poverty of a subpopulation of my country (indigenous people) to other countries' poverty. To do that, I have the per capita income of each individual of my dataset expressed in 2022 dollars. In order to make comparisons with the World Bank poverty measures, I think that I have to transform this variable so that it reflects 2011 PPP dollars and then just use the 1.90 poverty line to calculate the national poverty.
For my country, the PPP is 0.535 (related to 1 US dollar). Should I multiplicate my variable by this number? Also, how do I express it in real terms (that is, in 2011 dollars)?
Thank you in advance!
I am looking for the most workable recommendation(s) on how African countries can effectively combat the monkeypox disease which is gradually becoming a canker. Please bear in mind that most of these countries are HIPCs with massive problems of poverty and unemployment.
What do you suggest?
In my current research on the lived experience of ageing in extreme poverty, I am trying to illustrate something connecting the discursive social process of 'Othering'. But I am struggling to find a term that can best define the reverse process of 'Othering'. What it could be in one/two words? Your contribution is much appreciated.
I would like to know your opinion about the prisoners of geography around the world.
- How to overcome the individualistic idea of poverty?
- What is the relationship between the poverty of the places and the poverty of the people?
- How can one think of a general model to analyze the topic of local structures versus household poverty?
Poverty is a multidimensional concept and the dimensions of poverty are far beyond inadequate income, for example, poor health and nutrition, low education and skills, inadequate livelihoods, bad housing conditions, social exclusion and lack of participation. Money-based measures are but deprivations in other dimensions need to be considered because households facing multiple deprivations are likely to be in worse situations than income poverty measures suggest. I wish to know whether this index can be constructed at village level and what are the indicators and sub-indicator can be included in such an Index?
I am looking for research that indicates that it is not objective factors but more subjective feelings that worsen subjective poverty. I would appreciate your help.
Pro-Poor Tourism has been cited more often nowadays as one of the best methods to use Tourism to reduce poverty in developing countries especially. While these initiatives are really interesting on paper, are they really actionable, practical enough and do they have a meaningful impact on the poorest segments of the population they target?
Preliminary data of various studies showed the proportion of the population from Black (in New York), Asian (UK) and other minority ethnic backgrounds and people from low income are highly deprived with COVID-19. These groups reported higher COVID-19 mortality rates irrespective of population density. Furthermore, most of these minority groups are aged 50-79. Since the epidemic started, several studies have confirmed these findings. It is interesting to discuss the reasons behind these adverse outcomes and also share your experience about COVID-19.
I am currently looking for a new research topic for my Ph.D. Specifically, what I did in MA courses was explore the determinants of vulnerability. Here, I consider poverty, covariate risk, and idiosyncratic (household-specific risks) as elements of vulnerability. Then, during my Ph.D. (near future), I want to do my research about land reform and climate change especially in the context of the philippine focusing on CARP and Livelihood by using panel data and some qualitative data. Does anyone have an idea about it?
Also, please offer some variables which I can use them as economic stability.
I am working on a political economy subject as paper. my case study is OECD countries over 1970-2017
I need at least the data be available for a period between 1990-2017. while, the Gini, for example, is available just for 2003-2014 for Iceland.
Please offer some alternative variable for using as economic inequality and also some variable as a good index of economic stability
I am making a claim that low-income and sheltered women need help in providing hot nutritious meals for their children under the age of 18.
State by state poverty in Nigeria, 1970-date
Revenue allocations from 1970-date
Distribution of VAT across States since 1970-date
State by State contribution to the national revenue pool
Economists have traditionally linked poverty to inequitable distribution of income, by linking the growing level of per capita income of GDP, which is the primary objective of economic policies, among others, and the decline of the number of poor people in society. However, the prevailing opinion today is that monetary indicators cannot be relied upon to measure poverty. Indeed, poverty is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon that results from the interaction of many economic, political and social conditions that exacerbate the deprivation faced by the poor. Economic growth is not a sufficient condition for poverty alleviation, but there must be expansion that can create new and adequate employment and income levels for all segments of society above the poverty line. Despite the difficulties in devising a practical measure of poverty that accurately reflects the magnitude of the phenomenon and so that households and individuals can be formally classified as poor, there are many attempts at economic thought, empirical studies, and practical practices of economic policies to measure the phenomenon.
Does the multidimensional poverty index provide a comprehensive and integrated measure of poverty?
What socio-economic policy is appropriate for reducing poverty and social exclusion in contemporary social market economies?
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG,
The issues of specific programs to improve the economic, financial, material and housing situation of households as key instruments of pro-development state intervention and significant components of the socio-economic policy of the state I described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
The economy of Singapore is highly developed. It has been ranked by World economic forum as the most open economy in the world.
I want to do a paper about the poverty, but the data for many countries not available.
I need the indicator: Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population) for Panel Middle-income countries.
which database has a data about poverty over period 1990 to 2020?
Thank you very much advanced !!!
Due to the crisis in 2008, this theme is no longer exclusive to the poorest or considered on stage in developing countries.
Is it possible to collect the primary data for the variables i.e., Energy Poverty and Energy Fuel Poverty? If, yes then please suggest the method. Also, please provide the information of the sources from where the above said data can be collected. In time series and panel form for the previous three decades.
Any research available on 1st, 2nd & 3rd Wave of COVID-19, and different economic responses by Top 3 Suffering Countries (USA, Brazil & India) ?
I am looking for Economic Responses in Each Wave by the top COVID-19 suffering countries,
How it lead them to prepare for the another wave ( In Economic terms)
some of countries has observed their absolute poverty incidence rate has been decreasing trend, but also increase in relative poverty incidence rate. Why it is happening? is it because of widening of the income inequality? can someone help me to understand this?
Good morning everyone,
During my current research, I could discover some well-known indicators targeting these problems the question of Food Insecurity or the one of "Précarité alimentaire" (“food precarity” in English, a French concept that I highly encourage researchers to put their attention on it because it is interesting comparatively of the one of Food insecurity). Thus, I discovered the FIES, the HFSSM or INCA3 (for France). All these measurements have advantages but are also incomplete. Do you know other indicators (including new interesting ones) that be used or theoretically created to measure Food insecurity/precarity/poverty especially in developed country?
Hello all, surprisingly (to me) most of the research on social networks and poverty seems come out of the Europe, Asia and Latin America. In addition to Robert Putnam, is there anyone else you know doing case studies in the USA?
Humanitarian organizations, governments, and researchers are constantly involved in measuring poverty and reconciling it with economic growth. Still, there seems to be no solution to low-income/no-income, inequality, or poverty? The question above seeks to find a workable approach to dealing with low-income/no-income, inequality, and poverty.
Lots of people think that world poverty is increasing, the poor get poorer, world hunger is expanding, food production is stagnating, and future prospects are even worse . Why? All figures tell otherwise. Exactly the opposite, in fact,
For recent periods (1960-2012, or 1980-2012 or 1990-2012, etc.) all the following are true according to existing data: Malnutrition prevalence is decreasing (WHO), child mortality rates are decreasing (UNICEF), per capita food production and per capita food consumption are both increasing (FAO), quality of average diet is improving (FAO), rate of undernourishment is decreasing (FAO), farm land productivity is increasing (FAO), prevalence of poverty is decreasing by any measure (World Bank, UNDP/Human Dev Index, and many academic studies). Asia is progressing fastest, followed by Latin America, and even Africa is also progressing fast since 1990-2000 (unlike precedent periods). Much yet to be achieved, of course, but the world is going forwards, not backwards. And projections for the future (e.g. FAO for 2050) envisage further improvement, even after accounting for climate change and other factors.
I am looking for research on the topic indicated. I would be grateful for your help.
I am mainly interested in the dichotomy of feelings, subjective poverty and deprivation of needs.
The UN has recommended three broad policy actions to mitigate the global mental health impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. What sources of evidence, available pre-pandemic, may be particularly relevant to guiding the implementation of these recommendations in low-resource settings?
Poverty eradication is the primary goal of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2030.
Despite the various actions carried out around the world to put an end to poverty, it remains the main challenge to achieving sustainable development at a global level.
The aim of the question is to find out whether innovative measures could be considered, taking into account the changes that have occurred in the social and economic field, following the Covid-19 pandemic?
If there are sustainability gaps, then there are market illusions as well as broken circular economic structures.
Hence there is a market illusion associated with red socialism/Karl Marx and with pure capitalism/Adam Smith as each of these models has specific sustainability gaps embedded in them.
Can you see these market illusions, the red socialism market illusion and the pure capitalism market illusion?
Please provide your own views on the question, I will appreciate that.
Background to Study & nbsp; Urban poverty and livelihoods has been the major concern of professionals in the built environment; such as urban economists and urban planners for many decades, which they considered as an & nbsp ;impediments to the physical development of most cities in the developing countries like Nigeria.
Modern technology is destructive: it has polluted the earth, the wáter and the air of our planet. Humanity has devastated the ecology of the whole world. Hundreds of animals and plants are now endangered species. Climatic change and global warming are now serious threats for the development of a sustainable life. Humanity has created very sophisticated weapons of mass destruction. War has become a very profitable business. Political and religious radicalism are real threats to the world's peace, as well as racism, hatred and all forms of discrimination. Hunger, poverty and social differences are sources of disease and conflict. All these human creations have become an almost uncontrolable monster that is pushing this world towards global destruction.
Most of the elder people in Africa is facing a lot of trouble concerning their welfare and they are affected by many difficulties, making them vulnerable to poverty. So the research about this issue a relatively scarce, what is demand a full intervention to clarify it. This is the reason for my question, What is the big problem that make elder people vulnerable in Africa?
The policy area is Poverty eradication in South Africa and the policy issue is What should be done to: Combat high levels of poverty that are persistent in the Eastern Cape resulting in sluggish development?
I will need more insights and justifications into using "per capita consumption expenditure" as a measure of poverty.
Please refer me to applicable papers.
Thanks as always.
What certification options exist, which would be the most appropriate to certify small productions of poor families, do you have any experience. What is your opinion about certification companies, are they really an option for small scale producers?.
Hi everyone! I'm doing my master thesis on the effect of childhood poverty* (IV) on switching behaviors in adulthood (DV), and I am expecting an increase in the DV only in currently financially stressful situations (M) for people who grew up poor. My issue is, my moderator is categorical with only two categories (low difficulty/high difficulty) and when I run model 1 with financial difficulty as W I get strange results that the effects of the predictor (childhood poverty) are not significant at any of the two values (i.e. conditions) of the moderator even though their interaction is (p < 0.10)? See Effects1.png
I tried running it the other way around, with childhood poverty as the moderator and the results made more sense and confirmed my hypothesis. However, from what I can gather this output only gives me the results of the conditional effects of highly financially stressful situations (Cond =1) at different values of childhood poverty. (See Effects2.png) I understand that low financial stress situations would be 0, hence the effect would just be the main effect of childhood poverty, but as the simple slopes graph indicates there's a huge difference in the low condition between the participants who experienced childhood poverty and those that didn't.
Is there a way I can get the effect sizes of low financially stressful situations at different values of childhood poverty, or should I just use the main effect size of childhood poverty as justification for the blue line in the simple slopes? Many thanks!
*We defined childhood poverty as "childhood financial scarcity" hence the name of the variable ChScarc and the reverse scoring of it (positive childhood scarcity indicates growing up poor)
The promise of the Green Revolution was that it would end hunger through the magic of chemicals and genetic engineering. Dealing with the root causes of poverty that contribute to hunger takes a very long time, somehow it has contributed some extent. But how far it is ecologically sustainable?
I have calculated Watt's index and wants to draw it against time. So i really appreciate if any one knows a stata command to draw poverty exit time graph?
Thanks in advance!
Patrilineal society and women's economic status
Property grabbing and women's extreme poverty
Land ownership and the women's agricultural production
Under normal liberal democracy there is war between several views on how to advance the common good either at the expense of the minority(e.g. traditional liberal democratic parties) or at the least cost possible to the minority(e.g. traditional liberal conservative parties). ...War here simply means " a usually heated conflict between competing ideas....".
In normal liberal democracies, science plays a central role, and if science is not followed or it is partially followed or it is ignored completely and things go bad, the opposition party will use that rational in the next election and the incumbent party may spin the reality, but the buck stops there…and the people decide at election day….
Hence, liberal normal democracies of all sorts are incompatible with authoritarianism.
When we have an extreme liberal democracy such as USEXIT or Trumpism, the whole thing changes….extreme liberal democratic outcomes should be expected to align better with authoritarianism than with normal democratic thinkers,,,
I can see several reasons why that is the case, which leads to the question, Which are the central links between extreme liberal democracy and authoritarianism/dictatorships?. Can you see them? Or What do you think?
Please express your views on the question.
With so much resources and manpower in a number of African countries, millions of people are still sadly trapped in poverty and hunger. What is required of those countries to change into sustainable developed countries?
Apart from poverty and economic factors, what motivates people to destroy the environment and natural resources?
I think the lack of proper education and planning matters in the environment's destruction. I want to know the opinions of other experts.