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Positive Psychology - Science topic

Positive aspects of human behavior
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Publications related to Positive Psychology (10,000)
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Article
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Background: With the development of positive psychology, posttraumatic growth research on cancer patients has attracted increasing attention from researchers. It is immensely important to effectively increase the posttraumatic growth level of cancer patients and improve their quality of life. Objectives: To investigate the effectiveness of a nur...
Article
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Several data-driven investigations studies examined the association between cultural intelligence and job outcomes (intention to stay, Work performance and organisational citizenship behaviour). It is, however, surprising that the moderating role of psychological capital hasn’t been previously examined concerning cultural intelligence and job outco...
Article
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Background: Physical activity during midlife (ages 45-64) plays a major role in the prevention of chronic and serious medical conditions. Unfortunately, many midlife adults struggle to be physically active in the setting of low levels of psychological well-being and the management of multiple confluent sources of stress. Effective, scalable, midli...
Article
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Character strengths could effectively prevent negative psychological outcomes in adults. However, there was little research conducted among early adolescents. The present study aimed to explore character strengths that were independently related to fewer behavior problems in early adolescents. In total, 521 early adolescents (mean age 10.92 ± 0.04,...
Book
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This volume seeks to contribute to on-going discussions on the personally impactful nature of language learning at the theoretical and pedagogical level. It uses the notion of deep learning to emphasise the embodied nature of language learning and use, the holistic needs of learners and teachers, and the need to promote humanistic goals of growth a...
Article
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Leadership development has been characterized as an ongoing process that continues throughout a lifetime. From a long-lens perspective, this study aims to investigate how leaders’ early family socioeconomic environment influences their later transformational leadership. According to the social cognitive theory of social class, we propose that paren...
Article
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This research investigates Chinese EFL students' flow experience in academic writing and its effect on students' writing performance. The research consists of two studies: (1) a preliminary study involving a survey of 162 college students immediately after their completion of a short English essay to examine whether and how intensely they experienc...
Article
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Confucianism has become an educational ideology in Vietnam and blended its philosophy with other religious and spiritual doctrines. The current study explores the impact of Confucianism on social and emotional health (SEH), which focuses on the skill-based aspect of Confucian Vietnamese adolescents. A hermeneutic phenome-nological study was chosen...
Article
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Loving-kindness meditation (LKM) was first practiced by Buddhists and then developed by clinical psychologist. Previous studies on LKM have mainly focused on the impact of real person-guided meditation on depression, anxiety, and other negative psychology. During the COVID-19 pandemic, this study explored the effect and mechanism of media-guided LK...
Article
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This study provides a novel approach to understand human perception changes in their experiences of and interactions with public greenspaces during the early months of COVID-19. Using social media data and machine learning techniques, the study delivers new understandings of how people began to feel differently about their experiences compared to p...
Article
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In this study, the research objective of psychological resilience refers to the emerging professional group of Internet marketers under the background of the COVID-19 pandemic environment. This paper studies the effect of the psychological resilience of Internet marketers on their subjective career success. The result shows that Internet marketers’...
Article
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There is limited empirical efficacy evidence on the confluence of artificial intelligence (AI) and organisational and life coaching. Coaching "works" but is often unavailable or unaffordable. AI could scale coaching to reach a wider audience, however, we do not yet know how well AI coaching "works". This replication randomised controlled trial long...
Article
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Objectives Previous studies have supported the idea that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) could reduce burnout but lack theory-based explorations of the underlying mechanisms. The integrative view of job demands-resources theory and self-regulation suggests that self-regulation is crucial for coping with job burnout. Based on this theoretical...
Article
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The process of learning a new language can be filled with many emotions, both positive and negative, for the learner. This is particularly true in the area of writing, where students may feel a close connection to their sense of self. Thus far, the foreign language teaching profession has tended to prioritize cognition over emotion in research and...
Article
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A decade of research has produced substantial results but the theorization of memorable tourism experience, often drawing on positive and environmental psychology, remains fuzzy and fragmented. Adopting state-of-the art practices, this study systematically reviews, synthesizes, and integrates the extant body of knowledge across multiple literature...
Article
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The Enduring Happiness and Continued Self-Enhancement (ENHANCE) program, a 12-week intervention, effectively enhances subjective wellbeing and reduces negative symptoms. The current study tested an abbreviated 7-week version, ENHANCE-II, that may better fit the needs and schedules of some people. In a longitudinal study, participants (n = 51) took...
Article
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A growing body of evidence suggests positive psychological capital (PsyCap) strongly predicts well-being and performance at work. However, most of this empirical research has used self-report survey designs, increasing the possibility of self-report and mono-method bias. The current study used a multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) research design and con...
Article
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Poor university students are a special group. Social development provides many positive factors for poor university students’ personality and psychological development, but negative factors are also accompanied by them, which affect the psychological health of poor university students. University students are in a period of rapid physical and menta...
Book
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Just over two decades ago, Martin Seligman's inaugural lecture as the new president of the APA marked the dawn of Positive Psychology. Seligman called for a science of positive subjective experiences, positive individual states/traits/behaviours, and positive societal factors that improves the quality of life and wellbeing. Since then, this sub-dis...
Article
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Providing a valid and reliable measure of conscientiousness constitutes a worthwhile endeavor to allow research and intervention in Brazil. This study aimed to adapt the Chernyshenko Conscientiousness Scales (CCS) into Brazilian Portuguese, evaluate their psychometric properties, and investigate the relationship between conscientiousness and academ...
Article
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This project examines the ways in which differentiation of self (DoS) and spiritual leadership impact work and personal burnout that contributes to psychological well-being. Work and family conflict plays an important role in both understanding burnout and psychological well-being, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. The findings represent a s...
Article
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Positive psychological attributes are associated with better health outcomes, yet few studies have identified their underlying constructs and none have examined their temporal trajectories in clinical vs. non-clinical samples. From data collected over 4 years from people with HIV (PWH) and HIV-uninfected (HIV−) participants, we identified two laten...
Article
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Background Sickle cell disease is an inherited chronic hematological disorder with an average lifespan of fifty years. The human cost of sickle cell disease includes missed school days, occupational opportunities, social isolation, stigmatization, and psychological sequelae. Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is the only curative therapy avai...
Article
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This article proposes an approach to intervening in harms that is based on the integration of positive psychology and restorative justice. We begin by reviewing the importance of interpersonal relationships to restorative justice. Next, we discuss harms as viewed in restorative justice. We then explore the concept and language of happiness through...
Book
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Evolutionary psychology explains why some mental illnesses developed, but to answer questions about how to improve our mental well-being in the face of these challenges-how the mind works to heal itself-we should look to more recent changes in mentality. In The Self-Healing Mind, mental health counsellor and anthropologist Brian J. McVeigh postulat...
Article
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The fields of positive psychology, cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness, and goal-setting have all demonstrated that individuals can modify their beliefs, attitudes, intentions, and behaviors to improve their subjective happiness. But which ethical beliefs affect happiness positively? In comparison to ethical belief systems such as deontology,...
Article
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BACKGROUND: Stressful events can have negative mental health consequences. Preventive interventions are scarce and most focus on reducing symptomatology. OBJECTIVE: To develop and pilot a brief intervention protocol for the prevention of mental health problems in people exposed to a recent stressful event, with a Positive Behavioral Cognitive appro...
Article
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Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic has heightened the need for mental healthcare that can be delivered remotely and at scale to college students. This study evaluated the efficacy of online self-help for stress among students during the pandemic. Method: College students with moderate or higher stress (N = 585) were recruited between November 2020 a...
Article
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High blood pressure (HBP) is a silent disease with an extremely high prevalence worldwide. It is considered the leading risk factor for cardiovascular (CVD) and neurovascular disorders. The etiology of hypertension is based on various genetic, environmental, and social factors. Currently, compelling evidence points to the link between HBP and certa...
Article
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Legal education has progressed in order to generate more competent and active lawyers. Ever since Advocates Act of 1961, the Bar Council of India (BCI) has indeed been critical in controlling legal standards of education and overseeing law institutions that offer law degrees. Conventional teaching approaches are insufficient for the legal education...
Article
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Pioneers from the area of science have been attempting to comprehend the effect of religion on human existence, and it is ordinarily presumed that religion, alongside otherworldliness, has a critical impact upon the way of life, society and practices of individuals. Besides, religion has been a significant fin actor in organising and giving signifi...
Conference Paper
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Contemporary psychology considers ST a developmental marker associated with the highest psychospiritual growth and maturity (Garcia Romeu et al., 2015) and an indicator of striving for broader fulfilment of human potential (Koltko-Rivera, 2006). However, despite the significance of ST for human development, its aspects in contemporary society are m...
Article
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The phenomenon of outsider-driven institutional entrepreneurship may appear both paradoxical and opaque. We examine outsider-driven institutional entrepreneurship by drawing on an in-depth qualitative case study of the emerging field of positive psychology education. We investigate how institutional entrepreneurs, located outside Kuwait’s Ministry...
Conference Paper
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Amaç: Flash Emdr Tekniği, travmatik veya diğer rahatsız edici anılarla ilişkili psikopatolojik düzeyi azaltmak için yakın zamanda geliştirilmiş bir terapötik müdahaledir. Birçok geleneksel travma terapisi müdahalesinin aksine, Flash Emdr Tekniği, danışanın travmatik hafızayla bilinçli olarak meşgul olmasını gerektirmeyen minimal düzeyde müdahaleci...
Article
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The authors used a prospective design to investigate how gratitude to God predicts religious well-being over time. Gratitude to God is a central aspect of monotheistic religions, and thus may be particularly important to the religious/spiritual well-being of believers. Participants completed online measures of trait and state gratitude to God, alon...
Article
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Social norms can coordinate individuals and groups during collective threats. Pandemic-related social norms (e.g., wearing masks, social distancing) emerged to curb the spread of COVID-19. However, little is known about the psychological consequences of the emerging norms. We conducted three experiments cross-culturally, during the early period of...
Article
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Drawing on positive activity model ( Lyubomirsky & Layous, 2013 ), the present study aims to examine the relationship of employees’ compassion for others and the level of workplace happiness whilst investigating mediating mechanism of positive affectivity. The study further explores the role of perceived organizational support (POS) in bolstering t...
Article
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The aim of the research is to apply Csikszentmihalyi's flow theory to William Shakespeare's King Lear. Commonly, flow and optimal experience are equated with happiness as well as positive characters since they pertain to the realm of positive psychology. The analysis has demonstrated that tragic and/or agonising characters can endure flow and optim...
Article
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The aim of this study was to grasp the current situation of fear of recurrence in patients after radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation and to explore the application effect of cognitive-behavioral stress management in patients with fear of recurrence after radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation. From July 2020 to July 2021, 150 pat...
Article
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While there is evidence for the effects of positive psychology interventions (PPIs) in the Western world, we know little about their effects on Arab cultures. This review aimed to assess the effects of PPIs on well‐being and mental health across Arab countries. Systematic searches of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi‐experimental studie...
Article
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Women who cope with sexism via social support tend to experience positive psychological outcomes. The present research examines sexism coping support and relationship satisfaction within mixed-gender romantic relationships. In Study 1, women (n = 208) reported desiring and receiving emotional support, distraction, and active planning coping support...
Article
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Positive psychology, as a core subject to the study of people’s positive power and positive quality, is intended to cultivate positive personality traits and positive emotions, and to promote the development of inspiring creativity, cooperation, and interest. The study of positive psychology provides a new perspective for our research in the field...
Article
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Past reviews have examined the association between positive personality traits known as character strengths and work-related outcomes. However, little is known about the role of positive traits in the pre-career stage. This study aims to fill this gap by mapping the peer-reviewed literature on the relationships between character strengths, moral mo...
Article
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Academic buoyancy describes the ability to successfully overcome and recover from setbacks in an academic context (e.g., a poor grade, motivational dips, stress due to upcoming performance exams). This day-to-day form of academic resilience has recently been defined in the context of positive psychology. The present study aimed to gain insights int...
Article
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Suffering intimate partner violence (IPV) is a devastating personal experience and post-traumatic growth (PTG) is a positive, psychological change in a person, following trauma such as IPV. There is a gap in the literature when it comes to theories on PTG after surviving IPV. The aim of this theory development was to synthesize an approach to under...
Poster
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The "Promoting Teachers Well-being through Positive Behavior Support in Early Childhood Education'' (ProW) is an ERASMUS+ Key Action 3 Policy Experimentation program. The ProW project aims to support early childhood educators, by ensuring that teachers will be trained to manage effectively children’s challenging social behaviours and to enhance the...
Article
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The main objective of this study was to examine the mediating role of optimism and resilience in the association between COVID-19-related stress, subjective well-being, hopelessness, and academic achievement among 1,094 Italian university students. In the model, it has been hypothesized that students' perceptions of stress related to their COVID-19...
Article
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Objective. To explore the value of self-transcendence theory combined with comprehensive nursing intervention under oncological nutritional education on improvement in symptoms, nutritional status, and positive psychology of elderly patients with gastric cancer (GC). Methods. A total of 98 elderly patients with GC in the First Affiliated Hospital o...
Article
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Is achieving organizational performance and employee well-being a zero-sum game? Can cultural traditions provide an approach to realizing the spiritual aspects of ordinary vocations of life? We propose that the approach of Karm Yoga can answer these questions. This research presents the model of Karma Yoga derived from Vedantic tradition. We presen...
Article
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Despite the increase in awareness and support for mental health, college students’ mental health is reported to decline every year in many countries. Several interactive technologies for mental health have been proposed and are aiming to make therapeutic service more accessible, but most of them only provide one-way passive contents for their users...
Article
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The purposes of this study was to discover the circumstances in which people gain happiness from performing housework and to understand gender differences in housework-related happiness. We used national data from the Taiwan Social Change Survey conducted in 2011. Only married and cohabiting respondents were included in this study (N = 1250). Two t...
Article
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Garden design with healthy psychological characteristics is a design method that mines positive psychological expressions and converts them into garden design elements. Chinese classical gardens are cultural heritage of China. Studying the beauty of space in classical gardens is of great significance to inheriting traditional culture, traditional a...
Article
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Physical education (PE) teaching resources occupy a very important position in the teaching of PE theory. Especially in the context of the Internet era, how to effectively extract PE teaching resources from the Internet is very important for PE teachers. However, the quality of PE teaching resources on the Internet is uneven, if not correctly ident...
Article
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The purpose of this paper is to provide a group music therapy intervention for elementary and middle school students with mood disorders through music therapy. To explore the improvement of group music therapy on the dysphoria and state of adolescent patients with mood disorders and to explore the relationship with self-identity. A music activity-b...
Presentation
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Based on an integration between the IGLO and the JD-R model, job demands and resources can be identified at four organisational levels: Individual, Group, Leader, and Organisation; which workplace interventions should tackle as the main sources of either workers’ well-being or impaired health. This contribution aims to describe the design, implemen...
Article
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Positive emotions (pleasant or desirable situational responses) are proliferated in recent years and their effect on academic achievement has been documented in the literature, while their effect in the specific domain of second language learning (L2) remains underexplored. Since successful mastery of an L2 is highly dependent on learners' positive...
Article
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To manage the undesirable effect of anxiety on students, a wide scope of research has been dedicated to determining the triggers of anxiety and pedagogical interferences that can assist students with mitigating anxiety. Mindfulness is a relaxation strategy that has been related to constructive impacts when utilized as a managing technique for stres...
Article
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Background The prevalence of comorbid depressive and anxiety disorders in people living with HIV (PLWH) is high. However, it is unclear which symptom is the bridge symptom between depression and anxiety in PLWH. This study aimed to develop symptom networks for depression and anxiety and explore the bridge symptoms and interconnectedness between the...
Article
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Since the coming of Positive Psychology in the field of second language acquisition (SLA), the significance of emotion, especially positive emotion, has been well recognized by researchers. Educational research has indicated that both emotion and engagement play fundamental roles in learning process and psychological wellbeing, but research on thei...
Article
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One of the key issues of the learning experience is students’ performance during the course, as this is pointed to as one of the main indicators for boosting competences’ development and skills’ improvement. This study explores the roles of spirituality, forgiveness, and gratitude on students’ academic performance, proposing a model of analysis rev...
Preprint
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Theoretical background: One of the most significant achievements of positive psychology, which defines itself as the science of happiness and human strengths, is the creation of a taxonomy of character strengths and virtues. Aim: The study investigated the factor structure of character strengths measure as well as well as demographic correlates of...
Preprint
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According to the Maintainable Positive Mental Health Theory (MPMHT), the main pillars of positive mental health are global well-being, efficient coping that enables an individual to maintain positive conditions and functioning, savoring capacity, resilience, and dynamic self-regulation. This study presents the validation of a new five-scale mental...
Article
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Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: Foundation. Main funding source(s): Spanish Society of Cardiology Introduction Clinical presentation of myocardial infarction (MI) is broad and can be differentiated into different risk groups based on electrocardiogram (ECG) presentation, ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) or Non-ST-segment elevation...
Article
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Background: Employees in high-risk occupations are exposed to tremendous work stress that hinders organizational effectiveness and personal mental health. Based on positive psychology, courage can be considered a protective factor that buffers the adverse effect of high-risk surroundings on employees. However, little is known about the way courage...
Article
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Distant or online learning on digital platforms has become the norm in education worldwide, putting students under immense mental strain. The present study examined the association between psychological distress and coping strategies among students engaged in online learning. This study used a cross-sectional design. A structured questionnaire was...