Science topic

Popular Culture - Science topic

Popular culture (pop culture) is the totality of ideas, perspectives, attitudes, memes, images and other phenomena that are deemed preferred per an informal consensus within the mainstream of a given culture, especially Western culture of the early to mid 20th century and the emerging global mainstream of the late 20th and early 21st century. Heavily influenced by mass media, this collection of ideas permeates the everyday lives of the society.
Questions related to Popular Culture
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I would appreciate if anyone could suggest a bestiary that presents classic monsters, such as vampires, witches (as evil - or not - mythical creatures), arachnids monsters etc., and/or mythical creatures from different cultures, times and religions, as well as from Literature and pop culture. It must have scientific backing or, at least, be consolidated.
Thank you in advance!
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For historical research, I use Michel Pastoureau, Bestiaires du Moyen Âge. Paris: Seuil, 2011. For a more present-day iconic perspective, I call Caspar Henderson, The Book of Barely Imagined Beings: A 21st Century Bestiary. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.
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Are you superstitious?
If the scientist can be superstitious or can he have respect for superstitions?
Can a scientist completely ignore superstitions if he does not research them scientifically?
Are superstitions an atavistic element of culture?
Are they atavistic remnants of the ancient times when people have explained the occurrence of puzzling, unrecognized scientific atmospheric, climatic, cosmic phenomena, etc., explaining this by the action of higher, supernatural forces, etc.?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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yes they can
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Dear Colleagues,
I am looking for papers, books and other stuff that can help me understand pop culture on a global scale.
Many thanks in advance for your suggestions
Best
Vincenzo
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I will go with Mr Victor
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From Robin Hood to the Kray twins there has been a tendency in Western European cultures to mythologise outlaws, many of whom were cold blooded murderers. The American gangsters of the 1920's to the present day have been glamorised is countless movies, comics and novels. The villains are often portrayed as far more interesting than their law enforcement opponent, who often in these myths become villains themselves.
The murderous activities of Jesse James and Billy the Kid, John Dillinger and Bonny & Clyde left dozens of innocent people dead and many families of ordinary folk grieving. The New York & Chicago mobs destroyed the lives of thousands and made life a misery for the legitimate businesses of those cities.
The reality is that virtually all gangsters going back from modern times to the medieval outlaw were motivated by greed and prepared to kill sometimes for pleasure to support their life styles.
What is it about Western culture that perpetuates the heroic myths?
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How Wild Was The American Wild West?
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This is my first project on Research Gate! Any helpful tips this community of researchers can offer me would be greatly appreciated. Thank you!
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Hello Nadia, thanks for your response. I will be working on my manuscript (novel length fiction) for my Thesis. I am interested in trying to find publishing opportunities/presses that prioritize multi-media, i.e. text and images? Thank you for your response. pm me if you would like to chat.
Best, Christina-Marie
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The world-famous Hofstede 6 dimensional model consisting of dimensions such as individualism-collectivism, uncertainty avoidance, power distance, masculinity-femininity, and long term orientations. Hofstede developed his original model to examine a worldwide survey of employees of IBM between 1967 and 1973. What are the limitations of cultural dimensional model? How it can be eliminated?
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Hofstede does not take into account cultural diversity, migration and women empowerment and ascribes culture to the geographical place of residence. Which does not hold today.
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Dear esteemed colleagues,
I would love to hear your thoughts or opinions on the following statements posted. Thank you very much in advance
Example statement
1). Launching a research study to study why doing something as now become a cultural phenomenon.
OR
2). Launching a research study to study if doing something as now become a cultural phenomenon.
I am of the train of thought that with statement 1, there is an existence of a cultural phenomenon due to previous extant literature and this research study wants to study why this is the case as opposed to statement 2 which the study wants to study if there is one (Yes or No)
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Yes, statement 1 supposes there exists a certain cultural phenomenon and proposes to study reasons for it; statement 2 proposes to determine whether such a cultural phenomenon exists at all. But in what sense is existence "due to literature"? Is the cultural phenomenon in question a literary phenomenon? Or are you referring to research articles (the research literature) that alleges there is a cultural phenomenon? In the latter case, the existence may not be "due to literature" unless the research literature has become like a self-fulfilling prophecy.
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Music is ubiquitous, as Anahid Kassabian (2013) has noted in her book "Ubiquitous Listening". People listens to music and different kinds of sounds as their sonic companion for many different activities, like reading, training, while doing sports, working on creative projects, sleeping, relaxing, walking etc. But how is this individual/personal and instrumental/practical use of music changing the way people perceive and listens to music today?
How do you use music and sounds as a companion for other activities? What kind of music/sound and what kind of activites?
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Dear musicians and music lovers,
let me confess my thoughts about music. I voiced some of these thoughts in https://www.researchgate.net/post/Can_rational_thought_exist_without_language
However, taking advantage of a happy opportunity, I would like to duplicate it in order to receive suggestions and recommendations.
<<
1. As you know, conservatories began to appear in the second half of the 19th century and by the beginning of the 20th century almost all classical music was created. Thus, we see the following situation: the conservatories release musicians who, at best, perform music that was created 150-200 years ago. In other words, musicians have become consumers for the performance of music of previous centuries, they themselves do not compose anything. How do you think: What is the main reason? Why am I talking about this? In my opinion, our community is developing in the wrong direction,  creating consumers with clip thinking, not creators. To create, we probably need special spiritual atmosphere and this atmosphere was in the 18-19 centuries. Now there is no such atmosphere.
2. I look with great regret at the master classes of famous pianists on how to perform Beethoven’s "Appassionata"
I look and think "Is it possible to explain music with words". No hours of great masters explanation will not add understanding, if you do not understand from the music itself. For example, the most brilliant performance of this sonata I heard from Svyatoslav Richter, and after performing it, any other one causes me squeamish rejection as an imperfect performance. However, Richter studied at the Conservatory formally; he came there already by a fully formed musician. However, Richter was an excellent artist and painted pictures. He drew musical images in own brain and created his brilliant interpretations.
3. When a musician performs a composition, only a very small part of this composition can reach the consciousness of the minds of listeners in the hall, and especially from electronic devices through sound waves. The great sacrament disappears, which can come only with the touch of fingers with a musical instrument. Listeners are deprived of this sacrament. That is, only the simultaneous contact of fingers with a musical instrument while simultaneously extracting sounds can detect this mystery. That is why I believe that society is musically developing in the wrong direction,  because it is necessary to turn passive listeners into active listeners in such a way that they enjoy the masterpieces of classical music through their own performance on musical instruments. However, not everyone can be musicians and perform music. How to solve a problem?
>>
Most recently, I met an amazing family:
Father - Alexey Grigoriev - composer https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3ahtD7xa6rQ
The oldest son Ivan Bessonov - pianist, composer and winner of the competition (First place) "Eurovision of classical music 2018" in Edinburgh https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qqlahEMriRs
The middle son of Danila Bessonov is a violinist and a
winner of competition https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ns2Ux-PNSk (performed by Sarasate - Gypsy melodies with his elder brother)
The younger son Nikita Bessonov - the violinist https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b8tBRNjB2R8 - brothers perform their composition
According to the father, a new renaissance must come, because new classical musical compositions are necessary. In a narrow family circle, this family performs only its own compositions.
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1- Unglamorous can be stronger/ better than glamorous.
Example of a demonstration for this concept:
Mosquitoes are more deadly than lions
2- A similar over-lapping concept is Low-hanging fruits: Easier action can lead to higher rewards than more difficult action. For example, playing basketball is enjoyable for me. It doesn’t take much motivation to get me going. Showering in icy cold water is painful. Yet, it could be the case that the impact of playing basketball is actually healthier than icy cold showering (just giving this as an example. I could then show a video of someone swimming in icy cold water).
My Request: Suggest Demonstrations for this Concept
I'm looking for resources (videos, pictures, games, activities, articles etc..) that would explain or illustrate (this) concept in an engaging and/or simple way especially to a lay audience. It could be a straightforward explanation like this A video explaining the concept "Co-relation does not equal causation"
where the original intent of the video is to explain this concept. Or ,You can be creative; this illustration does not need to be originally made to explain this concept. The analogy can be made independently of the original intention of the resource. For example, if the concept is flexibility in your career, I can find a video of a person demonstrating physical flexibility even though the original intent of the video is not about career flexibility. (For more on what I mean by concept-demonstrating resources, see https://www.researchgate.net/post/List_of_Concept-Demonstrating_Resources
Please put your suggestion in the comments section below.
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Hashem,
I am not sure if you are looking for logical statements or actual examples.
If REAL examples, here are three:
(1) Publishing in many pedagogical journals is fast and easy. They often have preset rules about how the writeup should be, etc. and you can write a pedagogical article up in a weekend. When I was a young scholar I wrote one or two every year about class activities, etc. It gets your name seen, can be an easy and free ticket to a conference when you "need a paper" to get funded, and takes nothing away from your more important research.
(2) Look for book chapters on topics you have expertise in. They are almost always less competitive than an article, and once you have a reputation in an area are very easy to get.
(3) Look for special issues in journals, they are almost always substantially less competitive than a regular publication in the same journal.
If you are looking for illustrations of the concept, the Turtle and the Hare parable is one. The "Melanoma has killed more people than war" is another. And, Sun Tzu wrote: “If you wait by the river long enough, the bodies of your enemies will float by.”
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Diminishing Returns Concept: At a certain point , increasing the amount of input (e.g. effort) will still lead to an increase in output but at a rate less than before.
I'm looking for resources (videos, pictures, games, activities, articles etc..) that would explain or illustrate this concept in an engaging and/or simple way especially to a lay audience. It could be a straightforward explanation like this A video explaining the concept "Co-relation does not equal causation"
where the original intent of the video is to explain this concept. Or ,You can be creative; this illustration does not need to be originally made to explain this concept. The analogy can be made independently of the original intention of the resource. For example, if the concept is flexibility in your career, I can find a video of a person demonstrating physical flexibility even though the original intent of the video is not about career flexibility. (For more on what I mean by concept-demonstrating resources, see https://www.researchgate.net/post/List_of_Concept-Demonstrating_Resources
Please put your suggestion in the comments section below.
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Hi everyone,
I'm a researcher who prepares content for workshops. Here are some lists I compiled to help me find concept-demonstrating resources
"8ACTIVITIES" to "b BRAINSTORMING WITH OTHERS"
Request: It would be helpful for me to add to this collection. Please suggest in the comments section any other resources I could add.
********
Types of demonstrations
I'm looking for resources (videos, pictures, games, activities, articles etc..) that would explain or illustrate a concept in an engaging and/or simple way especially to a lay audience. It could be a straightforward explanation like this A video explaining the concept "Co-relation does not equal causation"
where the original intent of the video is to explain this concept. Or ,You can be creative; this illustration does not need to be originally made to explain this concept. The analogy can be made independently of the original intention of the resource. For example, if the concept is flexibility in your career, I can find a video of a person demonstrating physical flexibility even though the original intent of the video is not about career flexibility.
Please put your suggestion in the comments section below.
I attached a document showing two tables of examples on resources and demonstrations.
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Hello, Colleagues,
I have seen many RG questions about getting a publisher for a text that you have written or that you propose to write.
My experience may not be typical and I have but one edited text to my credit but I am eager to help others. My edited interdisciplinary collection of essay is titled _Orbiting Ray Bradbury's Mars_ (2012) for McFarland Publishers. They are the major popular culture publishing firm in the US.
I am inviting people in at the start of an invited proposal to a multinational educational publisher. I was invited to propose a companion text on LITERATURE AND CLASS because of a review I did of another text. This convinced the publisher that I could create a research text for them.
STEP ONE: do reviews of other people's texts. If you do a review, say you are available to do more.
I invite you to watch this journey from start to conclusion of a project to publish a reference text with a major publisher. This should be a good discussion that takes us beyond the "what if I had a publisher" stage with no specifics involved.
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Is aesthetic perception bound with normative judgments from the first moment of the encounter with an artistic creation, or maybe this rather depends on the cultural layers surrounding the work of art?
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The trouble with term like "aesthetic" and "art" is such they can be used either in a merely descriptive sense or else in an evaluative or honorific sense. My father didn't understand abstract painting and would say "That's not art". He was using "art" in the evaluative sense. He could instead have said that's not good art", where the term "art" by itself is merely descriptive of a category of objects. Similar things might be said about various uses of the terms "aesthetic" or "aesthetics". if an aesthetic perception simply recognizes certain formal or technical aspects of an artwork or categorizes an artwork in terms of those aspects, the use of the adjective "aesthetic" is merely descriptive; if the experience involves not just recognition but appreciation then the experience is evaluative. Of course quite often the appreciation immediately attends the recognition. But the two can come apart. Sometimes one doesn't know what to think on first sight. Appreciation (or depreciation) can take time.
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This question is motivated by the recent debates that sparked around the release of Star Wars: the Last Jedi. The work is challenging the philosophical assumptions of many fans and is eliciting hate on one side, and praises on the other. What I noticed is that for the first time in a long time this allowed me to have philosophical discussions with my non-academic friends. But I'm interested to know if it's a risk in a capitalist society to create such work, or is it actually the engine of the market?
I'd be very glad if you provide some interesting references in your answers, may they be academic or pop-culture related examples from the past. Even if what motivated my question was Star Wars, feel free to provide an answer on the basis of whatever pop culture related work you want.
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Both unanimity and debate. These are two "positive" attributes in pop-culture art.
Dennis
Dennis Mazur
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I started videoblog about culture and science recently on YouTube (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oqrctt4zh3A&t=10s). Would you like to share with me your experience on vlogs and how to improve transmission of knowledge through YT?
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It is a great initiative!Using words, pictures and interactive videos is one of the efficient means of utilizing technology in the sharing of knowledge. Congratulations my brother. Many of us would mimic your footsteps.
My little caution is to verify facts you want to present in the videos as we do in research (Validity)and practice what you intend to post via knowledge sharing to rid it of all possible mistakes. All the best.
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I would like to establish a literature review on football as a matter of popular culture. When we talk about popular culture we see fashion, literature, music, cinema, sport, just to mention a few. I will be very happy to collect a maximum of books talking about football in popular culture. Thanks.
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From Argentina, in Spanish:
[PDF] Fútbol y Patria: el fútbol y (la invención de) las narrativas nacionales en la Argentina del siglo XX
P Alabarces - Papeles del CEIC, 2006 - redalyc.org
In English... I guess you know this one: Football Culture: Local Conflicts, Global Visions, By G. Finn and R. Giulianotti. Moorhouse was mentioned in a previous comment.
You can download the ones in Spanish for free. I am from Argentina, I do not know if you are looking for material from different countries. 
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Hi. I am undertaking to do a survey of Nigerian adolescent children aged from 10 - 17 years and to find out the way that they engage with and experience digital media technologies. I have decided to use cluster sampling or multistage sampling to arrive at my respondents: geographical zone - states - senatorial zones - local governments - towns - schools - classes. However my confusion and question is: how do I arrive at a sample size for the survey? Is the figure meant to be random? It should be justified, but how do I make this? What formula do I use and even so, how do I get total number of population?
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Dear Uzuebgunam,
Infinite populations are very large and they are not feasible. Consequently, you should convert them into target populations by means of delimiting them based on population characteristics such as age, gender, level of education, socioeconomic status, etc. Subsequently, you can draw out samples of the right size from the population by choosing an appropriate sampling method.
Best regards,
R. Biria
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I am looking for journal articles that would help assist me in answering that particular research question.
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I think part of the answer is in anthropology and how humans embrace "folk taxonomies" with regard to race (which has no biological basis,) and part in history when we look at the American slave tradition. It's also important to remember that not all Native Americans were destroyed or sent to reservations. One has but to look at the Seminole in Florida  and their history to see how they triumphed over Jacksonian extermination policies. Seminole, is actually a Creek name; the Seminole were not a tribe unto themselves, but a band of renegade Creek who left and went into Spanish Florida where they were allowed to settle. The Creek name for them was "seminole" which meant runaways. I.E. they fled their tribe.  As whites pursued them hoping to open up the territory to white settlers,  the Seminole engaged in guerilla warfare and eventually migrated into the Everglades where the whites could not navigate at the time. They are one of the few indigenous people never uprooted nor who ever truly assimilated.  Their warfare with the U.S. military lasted until 1958 -- easily the longest running war within the U.S. between NAs and the U.S. military on U.S. soil. The U.S. eventually just gave up. 
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I am looking for first-person and ethnographic reports on the work of actors as they encounter texts, work together, and present to audiences. References to analogous work in music would be welcome as well.
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You might want to look up the "Performance Space" section of Text and Performance Quarterly. These are generally excellent contributions by performers on how they develop plays, solo works, etc. Mercilee M. Jenkins, Tim Miller, Ragan Fox, Matthew Spangler, Paul Bonin-Rodriguez & Steve Bailey are just some of the people who have contributed. Generally they are part of a forum where the performers and theorists dialogue together. Really useful.
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I would like to know if any study has shown the psychological effect, positive or negative, of the viewership of socially deviant behavior and desire to indulge in similar activities.
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There have been a number of studies by various governments around the world on the effects of media upon sexual acting out that have shown that there is no relationship between pornography consumption and sexually acting out. There is a United States government study on violence in the media and engaging in violence that has had the same result. It seems as thought there is a barrier within some people about acting out their desires/interests and others who will violate that proclivity. We know very little about that difference. 
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I'm looking for examples where social representations embodied in visual cultural products were studied. I found very few examples. Does anyone know some work  that help me to study social representations in  images? Is someone doing  a research of this kind?
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Hi Carolina
You could try some of these; 
Gill, R. (2011) ‘Bend it Like Beckham? The Challenges of Reading Gender and Visual Culture’ in P. Reavey (ed) Visual Methods in Psychology: Using and Interpreting Images in Qualitative Research, pp. 29-42. London: Routledge.
Goffman, I. (1979) Gender Advertisements. New York: Macmillan.
Morant, N. (1998) ‘Social Representations of Gender in the Media’, in: Miell, D. and Wetherell, M. (eds) Doing Social Psychology, pp. 234-283. London: Sage.
Moscovici, S. (1998) ‘Social Consciousness and its History’, Culture & Psychology 4(3), 411-429.
Mulvey, L. (1975) ‘Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema’, Screen 16 (3): 6-18.
Zarzycka, M. (2012) ‘Madonna’s of Warfare, Angels of Poverty: Cutting through Press Photographs Photographies 5 (1): 71-85.
I have recently finished a study on intergenerational breastfeeding, where participants brought artefacts to interviews, and I am going to do some SR stuff around motherhood but not written up yet. Also, I have a small section in a chapter I am drafting up for a forthcoming book that looks briefly at SR and visual images, get in touch if you would me to send this
best wishes
Dawn
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I offer a course on (mainly mainstream) cinematic portrayals of international relations and interactions--using films such as V for Vendetta, Battle of Algiers, Avatar, Dr. Strangelove, Night of the Living Dead, Last Emperor, Fight Club, The Mission, and many others. We discuss culture, politics, colonization, the state, IGOs and international law, war, and utopian/dystopian futures. I would also be interested to read any recommended syllabi, film reviews, critical essays, or other analyses of film and cinema. Many thanks!
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Children of Men (Alfonso Cuarón, 2006) is one of the best dystopian films ever made, in my humble opinion. It makes a strong statement about recent immigration policy. There are lots of clips on YouTube:
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I am co-authoring a book on the zombie phenomenon. My contribution explains the fascination with zombies as a metaphor for globalization and the return to the "state of nature."
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Thanks very much. I've posted the draft version of the chapter to my publications and would appreciate any feedback!
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Seeking information on the topic
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Ok, my question Amaya was because nowadays there is too much emphases on the SNS forgetting that social networks have existed since human beings have been social (my guess, the caves!). There are so many works out there about the impact of social networks; the approach that most I liked was one that modeled society as a grid where individuals are liked to each other (not everyone to everyone, though) and analysed the economic impact according to how dense was this grid. Now, briefly: the denser the relationship structure the quicker and higher the impact. So, if from here you want to assess the impact of SNS, you need to evaluate if these platforms are making society's grid of relationships denser.