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Political Participation - Science topic

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The media are partners in a democracy because they ensure political participation in the democratic process. Audience perception of the media is vital as it affects credibility and believability of the media and their messages. Credibility and believability of the media are predicated to an extent upon the source of media messages. These issues pro...
Article
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This article explores the linkage between different conceptualisations of democracy and forms of political participation. Specifically, it examines the correlates of conventional and unconventional modes of political participation, especially in light of three major understandings of democracy, namely liberal, redistributive, and authoritative unde...
Article
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Civic education is generally assumed to play a key role in youth’s political sophistication. It aims to equip young people with the necessary competencies and skills to effectively participate in political and civic life. However, few studies have examined the relative importance of different facets of teaching quality within civic education as wel...
Article
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We study the reproduction and change of participatory political culture by examining how immigrants' political engagement develops in the cross-pressure between their country of residence and their ancestral country. To explain patterns of political (re)socialization, we suggest a mechanism of proximity-conditioned social diffusion, which stipulate...
Article
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The objective of this study is to examine associations between state-level breastfeeding support and breastfeeding practices, controlling for women's status, in the U.S. We used publicly available data on state-level breastfeeding practices and support (international board-certified lactation consultants (IBCLC), births in Baby-Friendly hospitals,...
Preprint
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I establish primitive conditions for unconfoundedness in a coherent model that features heterogeneous treatment effects, spillovers, selection-on-observables, and network formation. I identify average partial effects under minimal exchangeability conditions. If social interactions are also anonymous, I derive a three-dimensional network propensity...
Article
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RESUMEN Este artículo analiza las memorias de la política construidas por H.I.J.O.S. Rosario y la relación con sus prácticas de demanda de justicia, concretamente, los escraches y la participación en los juicios por delitos de lesa humanidad cometidos durante la última dictadura. Mientras los primeros cobran sentido en relación a las memorias de la...
Article
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Sustainable development of the global economy can be achieved with the help of renewable energy (RE). The paper investigates the determinants of RE development in order to boost its adoption. The determinants of RE deployment were analyzed using random-effects GLS regression for the panel data from 27 EU member states in 2011–2020.The results confi...
Article
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So-called development projects in rural Mexico are heavily contested. Changes in institutional design have had little effect in mediating the exclusivity of the political decision-making processes defining such projects. Why, and how, has the Mexican state been able to maintain a developmentalist agenda, despite growing pressures to incorporate par...
Presentation
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Compañía central de teléfonos (CPTSA) instala la primera central digital en Lima Llegada del primer celular por parte de Tele Móvil con la red 1G 1994 Llegada del internet al Perú , inaugurándose en ese mismo año la primera cabina de internet en Miraflores La empresa Claro inserta el uso del 2G en teléfono móviles Así fue evolucionando la red, hast...
Article
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The security, economic, social and political disruptions of the state induced by the activities of organized crime has weakened the state's authority to carry out its expected functions of good governance. In Nigeria, the illegal activities of criminal cartel groups affect government's resources and its ability to enhance the welfare, basic human n...
Article
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Over the years however, women have been relegated to the background especially in the issue of political participation in Nigeria. This is largely due to the fact that Nigerian politics is highly patriarchal in nature, with men often leading in political participation while women mostly occupy insignificant positions. The percentage of women in pol...
Article
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This review evaluates empowerment of women in Pakistan. Women make half of the world population and are integral to the progress of any country. This is one reason women empowerment has become a central issue for national and global developments with great many efforts to improve its effectiveness. Empowerment advances women and enhances their stre...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic started in Chile as the country was experiencing massive protests and a deep political crisis. Sanitary measures restricting movement and gatherings were implemented while the process of constitutional change responding to this crisis developed. In this context of conflict, we study why people continued participating in street...
Article
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Background If voter turnout reflects social or health inequalities, then these inequalities can reduce equal political representation. Research suggests that poor health impedes voting and contributes to low turnout, especially among the oldest-old (80 years and older). Therefore, we examine the determinants of voting behaviour in more detail, with...
Presentation
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The political exclusion of women had been seen as a product of structural, functional and personal factors that vary in different socio-cultural contexts. In the historical African settings, women had ruled alongside men as head of government and administration prior to colonial era. But this is no longer the case in Nigeria. Existing studies showe...
Article
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Economists of all over the world have been shown a great concern on livelihood security of the rural people living in developing countries. Conceptually 'livelihood' denotes the means, activities, entitlements and assets by which people make a living. Asse water), social (community, family and social networks), political (participation and empowerm...
Conference Paper
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Las mujeres, en la mayor parte de Grecia y, especialmente en Atenas, no gozaron de la posibilidad de una participación política activa, No podían ocupar cargos administrativos o ejecutivos dentro de la organización secular del estado, incluso llegando a no ser consideradas ciudadanos. Ni siquiera en cuanto al estudio de la situación social existent...
Article
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This purpose of this study is to explore the gender dynamics in recruitment of social workers to run for public office. It was hypothesized that since most social workers-and social workers elected to public office-are women, that most social workers recruited to run for office would be women as well. Furthermore, it was hypothesized that recruitme...
Presentation
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The United Nations (UN) Inter-agency Network on Women and Gender Equality (IANWGE) explains political participation as more than just an electoral process participation, it incorporates freedom of speech, behavior, the chance to register as a candidate, the chance to campaign, opportunity to be voted and to hold office at any government level. Poli...
Article
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The college-educated are more likely to vote than are those with less education. Prior research suggests that the effect of college attendance on voting operates directly, by increasing an individual’s interest and engagement in politics through social networks or human capital accumulation. College may also increase voting indirectly by leading to...
Research Proposal
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This Completion of Coursework initially began with the interest on topics such as women's participation in decision-making instances, quota law in the South American region, especially in Argentina and Brazil. Both countries were chosen to make a comparative analysis regarding the quota law. Argentina stood out as a country to be studied by the...
Article
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This study investigated the role of persuasive communication in influencing political participation among youths in Nigeria. The roles of persuasive political news media, online citizen media, online political interaction, and offline political discussions in shaping political participation were examined. While there is evidence in the literature t...
Article
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The involvement of the military in Nigeria's electoral process has been subjected to heavy criticisms in recent years because of its implications to Nigeria s quest for democratic consolidation. This study seeks to assess the implications of military involvement on Nigeria's political participation. This study relies on secondary sources of data su...
Article
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The early ideological socialization of schoolchildren is manifested in their increasing involvement in political (including protest) activities. In Russia, school students’ involvement in political processes hasn’t been properly studied, despite similar studies being conducted abroad since the middle of the last century. Meanwhile, in the informati...
Article
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To what extent do socioeconomic conditions in early life shape individuals’ noncognitive skills? Using exogenous variation in the timing of weather shocks in 28 agricultural countries, I examine the impact of shocks in childhood on adult locus of control. The results show that experiencing rainfall shortages before age five causes individuals to be...
Article
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This paper addresses the impact of negative juridical sanctions implemented against the participants of the 2019 protest movement in Moscow on the communication in the social network “VK”. The empirical analysis of the mentions of protests and juridical prosecutions allowed to estimate the volume of discussions about the negative sanctions, to comp...
Research
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The awareness on political issues is a way of monitoring political activities in society. It shows how efficient and cooperative the individuals are in working together specifically in resolving matters towards the development of the community. It is also a way of recognizing their ideas for awareness through participatory and active engagements br...
Article
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Participatory democrats argue that citizen engagement at the local level serves an important educational function. Through involvement in participatory mechanisms, citizens develop various skills, become better informed, and cultivate a greater sense of political efficacy. There has been considerable debate in the academic literature over the exten...
Article
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Introducción El contexto de la pandemia provocada por la COVID-19 ha revelado importantes desafíos para sociedades, Estados y gobiernos a los efectos de gestionar la supervivencia humana y solucionar las crisis que se han desatado en su entorno. El artículo presenta resultados de investigación sobre la relación entre la polarización socioeconómica...
Article
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This study investigates the impact of women's political representation on children's health outcomes from 1990 to 2020 using a global dataset comprising 162 countries. The child health outcomes studied are infant and neonatal mortality rates and vaccination coverage for measles and diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus (DPT). We apply an event study,...
Chapter
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The objective of this chapter is to assess the influence that the Christian religious beliefs and practices of the Seventh Day Adventist Church (hereinafter SDA) in Zambia's nascent democracy. To this end, it highlights religious underpinnings that ideally influence the participation of members of the SDA in political voting. Additionally, it ident...
Article
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The Venezuelan migrant crisis has brought major socioeconomic challenges for countries in South America, and it has sparked public debates on immigration policies, xenophobia, and discrimination. Venezuelan migration to Central and North America has considerably increased over the last 5 years. Since 2017, the community of Venezuelan migrants, refu...
Article
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El texto analiza la trayectoria política de diez mujeres mapuche en la ciudad de Santiago de Chile. Se basa en una investigación cualitativa cuyas principales técnicas metodológicas fueron la observación participante y la entrevista en profundidad. El texto se apoya en los enfoques de los feminismos decoloniales e indígenas para dar cuenta de las d...
Book
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Las elecciones nacionales del 2018 y las locales del 2019 fueron las primeras realizadas después de la firma, en el 2016, del Acuerdo Final para la Terminación del Conflicto y la Construcción de una Paz Estable y Duradera, entre el Gobierno nacional y la guerrilla de las farc. El punto dos de dicho acuerdo se enfocó en la participación política y...
Article
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The digitalization of communication means has revolutionized the way people observe and react to the social and political developments in their surroundings. The rapidly growing influence of social media prompted this exploratory research article on the use of social networking sites by politicians to build a cordial and strong relationship with th...
Article
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Introduction: Desirable transition of contemporary society of Iran from traditional to modern order needs to political participation of citizens and realization of this participation needs to important prequistics including social capital. In this relation, social capital is important factor that determination of its role and how it affects on poli...
Thesis
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Esta tesis doctoral centra la atención en un conjunto diverso de estructuras organizativas constituidas por personas mayores. Desde una perspectiva sociopolítica, representan los intereses del colectivo ante las administraciones públicas y los partidos políticos. El objetivo común de esas estructuras es plantear sus demandas e intermediar con la ad...
Article
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How does representation by politicians from specific communities influence these communities’ political participation? Analyzing a natural experiment from Mexico in which a party uses lotteries to select candidates for public office, this paper presents new insights into how representation shapes the political participation of underrepresented segm...
Article
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Broadcasting and Political Participation in Nigeria Fourth Republic
Article
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Zusammenfassung Die Frage nach der Auswirkung von Zustimmungsquoren auf die politische Partizipation gewinnt mit jedem Volksentscheid an Bedeutung, ist gleichzeitig aber noch weitgehend unerforscht. Obwohl das Zustimmungsquorum Volksentscheide in den Ländern der Bundesrepublik Deutschland beschränkt und auch in anderen Ländern weit verbreitet ist,...
Article
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El trabajo busca validar un modelo teórico predictivo que analiza los efectos directos e indirectos de los factores de personalidad(según el modelo de los Cinco Grandes Factores) sobre la participación política (PP), incorporando variables de la hipótesis dela mediación: valores políticos, auto posicionamiento ideológico, eficacia política interna...
Article
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The relationship between the individual and the collective is one of the most important topics in Confucianism. Though this concept has been widely studied, ming 名 (meaning ‘name’), one of its most crucial categories, has not yet been deeply explored within this theoretical domain. This article discusses four aspects of ming and their contributions...
Preprint
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In a secular nation, every active society is expected to be guided by the standard Constitution of the larger society. To this end, whatever Constitution and Bye-laws of other smaller societies are expected to be subjected to the supreme power of the nation’s Constitution. Evangelical Church Winning All (ECWA) Ilorin District Church Council is one...
Article
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Online surveys are becoming the dominant form for survey data collection. This presents a problem for the measurement of political knowledge, because, according to recent scholarship, unsupervised measurement of political knowledge in web-based surveys suffers from respondent dishonesty. This study examines the validity of five possible survey prox...
Preprint
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The aim of this study was to reconstruct the geography of social capital in Italy more than 25 years after Putnam's map of 1992. We used a statistical method (DBS, Distance Between Strata), which had not previously been applied to the study of social capital, and data from the 2019 ISTAT Multiscope Household Surveys "Aspects of daily life". We anal...
Article
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This article examines the impact of overeducation on attitudes towards the political system and political participation. Using survey data from Spain, diagonal reference models were estimated to contrast hypotheses based on the theory of status inconsistency. The evidence links overeducation to political attitudes (lower satisfaction with the funct...
Article
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In an attempt to address the debate among social science scholars regarding whether or not online political engagement is a legitimate form of political participation, this study investigates the conditions under which migrants engage politically with virtual communities, and when and how online participation spills over to real-world social mobili...
Article
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A centrally important question for researchers of media and communication is whether any type of individual-level behavior (e.g., digital media use) or normative attitude (e.g., norms of good citizenship) contributes to equalizing patterns of political participation, which often favor higher-status groups. Drawing on a two-wave repeated panel telep...
Article
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The Syrian crisis is closely related to regional and international causes, although the factors that led to the activation of the current crisis are rooted in institutional slack that has marginalized large sectors of society, depriving them of effectively participating in political, economic and social life. There are also structural imbalances in...
Article
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This article discusses the strategy of Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) involved in Indonesian politics. HTI wants to have a caliphate system in Indonesia. They did not practice a party or were directly active in Indonesian politics, but tried to enter the elite of the Indonesian government and society. The theory used in this study is a social moveme...
Article
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Local food movements rely on engaged farmers, gardeners, and shoppers to challenge the conventional food system through consumer-based tactics by advocating food systems change to reduce social injustice and environmental harm. While much literature engages in debate over the efficacy of such “lifestyle movements” to effect change, little analysis...
Article
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The decline of participation in traditional civic political processes, like voting in elections and writing to elected representatives, continues to deepen in contemporary liberal democracies. However, civics comprise only one avenue for political participation. Social movements also play a key role in influencing political affairs by exerting pres...
Article
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Aunque la conversación cívica es fundamental para fortalecer la democracia, y a pesar del crecimiento de las redes sociodigitales como fuentes de noticias, todavía es poco estudiada en Latinoamérica la intervención ciudadana en las páginas digitales de medios periodísticos. Por ello, desde el enfoque teórico de la participación política en línea, e...
Article
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In the wake of the U.S. 2016 Presidential Election, concerns about misinformation traversing on social media have heightened. Since then, much of the public discourse has been on developing effective strategies to combat the spread of misinformation online. While several studies have focused on the effects of a mixed/hybrid regime of information ch...
Article
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Les défis liés au genre ne sont pas une récente priorité pour le continent africain. Les Etats ont signé et ratifié des textes visant à promouvoir l’égalité genre et l’autonomisation de la femme tels que la Convention sur l’Elimination de Toutes les Formes de Discrimination à l’Egard des Femmes (Nations Unies, 1979) et le Protocole de Maputo (Union...
Article
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Much research has shown that online news engenders greater political participation, but less attention has been paid to how the relationship can be suppressed by government online surveillance and censorship, especially as Internet freedoms continue to decline in many parts of the world. Drawing from 2017–20 World Value Survey and Varieties of Demo...
Book
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Ao longo de uma década de existência, o COMPA tem estudado diversos fenômenos contemporâneos de comunicação política com o olhar mais voltado para a organização da sociedade em grupos de pressão, movimentos sociais, redes de mobilização e outras formas de associação e de ação política. A intenção deste livro é registrar parte da produção do grupo,...
Article
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Resumo Os anos de 2015 e 2016 foram marcados politicamente por movimentos de ocupações estudantis pelo Brasil, os quais pautavam a defesa da educação pública e tiveram a autogestão como grande marca organizativa. Este artigo objetiva abordar os processos de produção de potência de agir e saúde ético-política ocorridos durante ocupações estudantis p...
Article
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Income inequality has long been suggested as a crucial factor in determining political participation. This study focuses on the case of Hong Kong, a city with notoriously high level of inequality. To examine the effect of inequality on participation, we construct a novel District Income Inequality dataset that estimates inequality at the local dist...
Article
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This article discusses the political participation of youth in Mozambique’s electoral processes, specifically the 2019 general elections. The study finds that Mozambican political parties do not have a clear vision of young people’s aspirations, since the definition of the ‘youth problem’ is dominated by adults. In addition, young people’s issues h...
Article
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In the wake of the most recent protests in Belarus following the 2020 Presidential Election, it is useful to explore patterns of satisfaction with the political system, confidence in political institutions, and political participation at different points in time during President Lukashenko's rule. We utilize Wave 3 of the World Values Study (WVS) a...
Article
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Social media has become a viable platform for political participation in issues related to gender, especially among the youth. Evidence suggests that gender and sexual identities, digital access, and skills foster political participation in social media. This study sought to determine the predictive relationship of gender, digital profile, and soci...
Article
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Introduction Majority of Malawians have not yet adopted COVID-19 mitigation measures despite having knowledge about its infectivity, morbidity, and fatality. Understanding drivers of hesitancy to adoption of COVID-19 mitigation measures is critical as it can inform prevention programs. This study explores Malawians’ COVID-19 risk perception, and th...
Chapter
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The chapter seeks to explain the instability of Israeli Arabs’ political participation patterns, including the shifting status of the parties representing them.
Article
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People experiencing homelessness (PEH) are a highly marginalised group who often experience an intersection of associated social disadvantages, including civic exclusion. Yet there has been little research into their patterns of, and attitudes towards, political participation. To partly address this gap, we conducted fieldwork among PEH in central...
Article
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Uprising against the state dotted the political history of Nigeria. The First, Second, Third and Fourth Republics as well as the intermittent interruptions by military regimes recorded quite a number of violent protests, demonstrations, secessionist attempts and insurgencies that have claimed thousands of lives and led to destruction of properties....
Article
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El estudio buscó analizar la relación del empoderamiento femenino con la participación política de las mujeres en Paraguay. La metodología fue descriptiva y correlacional, se realizó una investigación de modalidad bibliográfica-documental. De esta forma, se visibilizó la exclusión tácita de los derechos políticos de las mujeres paraguayas hasta 196...
Article
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The author argues that high level of youth’s participation is crucial to stable development of modern Russian state and civil society institutions. During the summer of 2021 experts of the RISS in cooperation with the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology under the Russian Academy of Sciences (FCTAS RAS) conducted the sociological sur...
Book
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Strengthening democracy and electoral processes in the era of social media and Artificial Intelligence Democracy requires free, periodic, transparent, and inclusive elections. Freedom of expression, freedom of the press, and the right to political participation are also critical to societies ruled by the respect of human rights. In today’s rapidly...
Article
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Scholars have previously examined the relationship between corruption and political participation with mixed results. However, some citizens are aware of corruption but choose to tolerate it. How does this tolerance for corruption influence citizens' political conduct? This research contributes to the literature by examining whether citizens' toler...
Article
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This article explains political activism among educated youths in Bangladesh and how information and communication technologies (ICTs) change their political attitudes and behaviors. The findings identify motivations and psychological factors that affect patterns of new media use in political participation. Data from 23 interviewees, alongside thos...
Article
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El presente artículo aborda la emergencia y desarrollo de un movimiento asociativo en primera persona en el campo de la salud mental en Santiago de Chile. Desde una aproximación metodológica basada en los Estudios Locos se describen los procesos de participación política desde la comunidad, las estrategias de movilización social en el espacio públi...
Book
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In 2021, the Uganda Parliamentary Forum on Youth Affairs (UPFYA) alongside other youth actors within the Youth Coalition on Electoral Democracy (YCED) launched the National Youth Manifesto (NYM) 2021-2026. The Manifesto which is a social contract between government and the youth underpins the commitment of the Government through policies and projec...
Article
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Objective/Context: This paper analyzes the discourse of three supranational policy instruments produced by the International Labour Organization and the United Nations regarding the political participation of Indigenous Peoples. We argue that these discourses promote a utilitarian view of the environment and pose severe limitations on substantial p...
Preprint
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Women empowerment is not a myth. It is a process which includes the realization of women themselves for "giving power to"," creating power within "and enabling". So it is now a reality and need of the hour. The below article deals with the issue of women empowerment trough political participation in India in particular with perspective on role of p...
Article
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The political process in Iraq witnessed different demonstrations , protests and sits-in amounted almost to six main demonstrations as a political result of the regime's different crises and conflicts. It varied between political opposition to political parties and to political alliances participating in the political process as an expression of its...
Article
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Public protest has been a controversial form of political participation which aims to intervene in the socio-political status quo by promoting or preventing social change. The political and social life in Greece has been greatly influenced by public protests which, in several cases, acted as regulators and drivers of change. The main interest of th...