Science method

Political Methodology - Science method

Political methodology is a subfield of Political Science that studies the quantitative methods used to study politics. It combines statistics, mathematics, empirical techniques, and formal theory. Political methodology is often used for positive research, in contrast to normative research.
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Publications related to Political Methodology (203)
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Presentation
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Research approach and preliminary results in methodological studies of the populist wave in Eastern European countries between 1990-2020. The present approach: (i) develops interdisciplinary research methodology denoted as ' generative value mappings' for the study of political phenomena of populism, extremism, and conflict in IR and world politics...
Article
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Ovaj rad predstavlja multidisciplinarnu analizu, kojom se uz pomoć ekonomske, pravne i politikološke metodologije u najopštijem pokušava pronaći odgovor na pitanje kako treba regulisati pravo stranaca da stiču svojinu na poljoprivrednom zemljištu u Srbiji. Poseban akcenat stavljen je na nova rešenja Zakona o poljoprivrednom zemljištu iz 2017. godin...
Article
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Understanding the world and Humanity changes due the Globalization phenomenon allows to identify the special conditions created that promote the implementation and the dissemination of the International Organized Criminality, in short time, affecting the International Community in all dimensions. As one of the most serious threats to the Rule of La...
Conference Paper
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Understanding the world and Humanity changes due the Globalization phenomenon allows to identify the special conditions created that promote the implementation and the dissemination of the International Organized Criminality, in short time, affecting the International Community in all dimensions. As one of the most serious threats to the Rule of La...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Understanding the world and Humanity changes due the Globalization phenomenon allows to identify the special conditions created that promote the implementation and the dissemination of the International Organized Criminality, in short time, affecting the International Community in all dimensions. As one of the most serious threats to the Rule of La...
Article
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Among the hundred schools of thought that flourished during the pre-Qin era, Confucianism and Legalism are the most important ones as their thoughts cast a longstanding influence on the Chinese culture—cultural-psychological formation of the Chinese people. Most of the previous researches focused on analyzing the similarities and differences of the...
Article
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Most research on diversity within political methodology focuses on gender while overlooking racial and ethnic gaps. Our study investigates how race/ethnicity and gender relate to political science PhD students’ methodological self-efficacy, as well as their general academic self-efficacy. By analyzing a survey of 300 students from the top 50 US-bas...
Thesis
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URL: https://hdl.handle.net/11250/2740482 Abstract: In this study, I explore the coloniality of Norwegian citizenship education, emphasizing knowledge production and discourses in primary school classrooms. I investigate the social justice of knowledge production and explore the possibilities, complexities, and risks of critical interruptions to h...
Article
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Regression discontinuity (RD) designs have become increasingly popular in political science, due to their ability to showcase causal effects under weak assumptions. This paper provides an intuition-based guide for the use of the RD in applied research. After an intuitive explanation of how the method works, we provide a checklist that can help rese...
Article
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This paper introduces a political methodology approach on polity modeling and simulation called artificial polity which combines political systems and political culture theories. It aims at introducing anticipatory systems as the modeling framework for the organization, operation, and dynamics of political systems. Anticipatory systems provide for...
Article
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Violence against health care systems is an assault on health and human rights. Despite the evolution of global standards to protect health workers and ensure the delivery of health care in times of conflict, attacks against health systems have continued throughout the world—violating humanitarian law, undermining human rights, and threatening publi...
Conference Paper
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This paper introduces a political methodology approach on polity modeling and simulation called artificial polity which combines political systems and political culture theories. It aims at introducing anticipatory systems as the modeling framework for the organization, operation, and dynamics of political systems. Anticipatory systems provide for...
Conference Paper
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In political science in general and in the domain of political methodology in particular, the study of value change is often viewed as providing the main arguments concerning the quality of a democracy. In Eastern European democracies, the study of values in relationship to the study of the quality of democracy provides support to the idea that not...
Presentation
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Abstract In political science in general and in the domain of political methodology in particular, the study of value change is often viewed as providing the main arguments concerning the quality of a democracy. In Eastern European democracies, the study of values in relationship to the study of the quality of democracy provides support to the ide...
Article
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Much of empirical research on European integration relies on data published by European Union (EU) institutions concerning the EU’s laws and policies. However, despite wide disciplinary appeal and increasing regularization of data repositories such as Eur-Lex, researchers have so far not developed a standardized tool for accessing the main EU law d...
Article
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Science is driven by methodology. In this article, I will show that political science, like all other social sciences, can draw on three fundamentally different methodological traditions. The first is a descriptive tradition to generate descriptive knowledge to describe political phenomena and interpret political symbols (text, image, audio and vid...
Article
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A well-developed body of research offers ways to measure the partisan advantages that result from legislative districting. Although useful to researchers and legal practitioners, those studies also suffer from theoretical, empirical, and legal limitations. In this essay, we review measures of partisan bias and methods for both simulating election r...
Article
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The phenomenon of missed nursing care is endemic across all sectors. Nurse leaders have drawn attention to the implications of missed care for patient outcomes, with calls to develop clear political, methodological and theoretical approaches. As part of this call, this paper describes three structural theories that inform frameworks of missed care;...
Article
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The article reveals the content of the main trends in the development of contemporary political science in connection with crisis phenomena affecting its thematic, methodological and theoretical problems, as well as its connection with real political practice. The logic of the search for new political thinking consists in a sequential transition fr...
Article
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Review of the book «Modern political science: Methodology» ed. by O. V. Gaman-Golutvina and A. I. Nikitin, Moscow, Aspect Press, 2019. The article examines some of the resentment related issues of modern politics, using a number of methodological approaches (identitarian approach, constructivist institutionalism, cultural and civilizational approac...
Article
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This article provides a test for the relevance of the major conceptual framework used in Europeanization literature on EU political conditionality for promoting effective democracy and rule of law (RoL). It highlights a major enlargement policy problem which should challenge the basic assumption of this academic tradition. The main focus is on the...
Article
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Introduction Political culture theory has passed through several periods of intensive development and high interest from both social and political science research (Seligson 2002; Eckstein 1988; Elkins and Simeon 1979). Its success has been based on the explanatory power of its arguments regarding the intermediate role culture plays in the relation...
Poster
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In this Second Training School of RECAST we focus on the relationship between the rule of law and democracy while continuing to use the building block tools of the RECAST research network, namely ‘concepts’, ‘practices’, ‘ideologies’ and ‘debates’. Among the confirmed lecturers are: Annelin De Dijn on "The Relationship between Democracy, Freedom...
Article
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This ‘Speaking Out’ essay contributes to debates over Brexit and populism by suggesting how we, as management and organisation studies scholars, might approach ‘org-studying’ Brexit. First, as UK-based European Union citizens working in UK business schools, we clarify our own position(s) in relation to Brexit. Second, we position ourselves more spe...
Chapter
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In contemporary legislation theory, legislation is approached from roughly two different models: law as symbol vs. law as instrument. Each model offers its own specific perspective from which in concrete cases legislation can be described and evaluated. In the Law As Symbol (LAS) model legislation is seen as an ongoing communicative and interactive...
Article
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This article presents a reflection on the educational scenario that permeates the teaching of English as a foreign language (EFL) in its political, methodological, didactic, curricular and investigative dimensions. A description of the current English reading comprehension level in the national context is presented. On the other hand, from a transf...
Article
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The difficulty of characterizing a public policy is known as a problem of indeterminacy. This article implements a proposal to overcome the indeterminacy from the policy design framework. The premise is that the combination of nodality, authority, treasure and organization instruments is a condition of public policies. The proposal is tested throug...
Poster
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Best Poster Award of the Society of Political Methodology Annual Meeting (PolMeth) 2007.
Article
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Resumo Ensinar como mecanismos causais ou modelos estatísticos funcionam nem sempre é algo simples, especialmente quando estes não podem ser facilmente exemplificados. O objetivo deste artigo é mostrar como Simulações de Monte Carlo (SMC) podem ser usadas para superar dificuldades como estas. Após fazermos uma breve introdução ao método, mostramos...
Article
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O que fazer quando a variável dependente é o tempo até a ocorrência de um determinado evento? Este artigo apresenta uma introdução intuitiva à análise de sobrevivência com foco no estimador de Kaplan-Meier. Nosso público alvo são estudantes de graduação e pós-gra-duação em fases iniciais de treinamento. Metodologicamente, o desenho de pesquisa util...
Article
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The online labor market Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) is an increasingly popular source of respondents for social science research. A growing body of research has examined the demographic composition of MTurk workers as compared with that of other populations. While these comparisons have revealed the ways in which MTurk workers are and are not re...
Article
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Women earn 40% of new PhDs in political science; however, once they enter the profession, they have strikingly different experiences than their male counterparts—particularly in the small but influential field of political methodology. For several years, the Society for Political Methodology, with support from the National Science Foundation, has a...
Chapter
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Over the past decade, a rich body of research has considered the civil society increasingly important in political organization, social mobilization, and economic empowerment, perhaps more so in developing countries. However, most studies in Sub-Saharan Africa have tended to associate civil society with associations and foundations, and the act of...
Article
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Purpose. Analysis is focused on the study of theoretical and methodological preconditions of social integrity phenomenon research. Trends in the conceptual base of modern social theory are focused on the research of social phenomenon, the study of the conditions and mechanisms for the development of sociality. This suggests the need to find new int...
Chapter
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Symbolic legislation commonly has a bad name. In critical sociological studies, it refers to instances of legislation that are to a large extent ineffective and that serve other political and social goals than the goals officially proclaimed. Since the nineties of the last century another concept of symbolic legislation is developed, in particular...
Article
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The article focuses on the research of the consequences of the US nuclear bombings of Japanese cities in August 6th and 9th 1945. Military, political and psychological aspects, that were crucial for American military planning at the latest stage of the Second World War are taken into consideration. Also the problems of the new reality in the global...
Article
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This paper discusses the Greek political approaches by Greek philosophers starting from Thels.
Article
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The article proposes an approach to the work of Hugo Zemelman (1931-2013) on one hand, from a chronological exhibition of his works from the sixties, and secondly, analyzing the central problems of epistemology, namely the question of social reality, the problem of the subject and the ways of knowledge construction.
Article
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Researchers cannot assess the importance of ideology to judicial behavior without good measures of ideology, and great effort has been spent developing measures that are valid and precise. A few of these have become commonly used in studies of judicial behavior. An emphasis has naturally been placed on developing continuous measures of ideology, li...
Article
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Evaluations of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) among Canada and the European Union (EU) and of the ongoing EU–US negotiations on a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) depend on their legal, economic, and political methodologies for multilevel governance of public goods (PGs) like a transatlantic market. In co...
Article
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There is a contradiction between the two approaches towards key actors of politics, to wit: the “elitarian” one and the “mass” one. The author uses an integrated approach to analyze the role of elites and masses in politics, the ways of political recruitment, the patterns of interaction between elites and non-elite groups in particular political sy...
Article
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Many areas of political science focus on causal questions. Evidence from statistical analyses is often used to make the case for causal relationships. While statistical analyses can help establish causal relationships, it can also provide strong evidence of causality where none exists. In this essay, I provide an overview of the statistics of causa...
Conference Paper
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This presentation sets out the case made in full in my book chapter of the same title that the political methodology of violent Islamism is derived from the models developed by political revolutionaries of the left and right in Western societies in the c19 and c20.
Article
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Santrauka In this paper, I argue that contemporary political and intellectual conflicts over the right course for European integration are reflected in the historiography of Jean Monnet, the so-called founding father of the European Union (EU). Multiple and mutually antithetical representations of Monnet are explored across the central themes of t...
Conference Paper
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This presentation aims to present to a wide range of sector stakeholders, especially farmers, policy makers, the industry, standards programs and donors a variety of approaches that may be applied to boost coffee production in Africa based on the Vietnamese experience. Vietnam has a very young history of coffee production at industrial scale. After...
Article
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This essay is a comment on whether there are tensions between big data, theory (mostly formal), and the statistics of causal inference. Of these three areas, big data is clearly the newest. However, the idea that political methodology should focus on causal inference is also a relatively new idea. I have been attending the Annual Political Methodol...
Conference Paper
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The aim of this paper is to introduce the 20th century's famous philosopher- Karl R. Popper's democracy understanding in terms of its basic conceptions. Firstly Popper's view on democracy is presented as a reflection of his scientific and political methodology. Thus a critical rationalism being the most decisive aspect in Popper's philosophy is def...
Article
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The present approach provides a theoretical account of political culture-based modeling of political change phenomena. Our approach is an agent-based simulation model inspired by a social-psychological account of the relation between the individual agents (citizens) and the polity. It includes political culture as a fundamental modeling dimension....
Article
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This article investigates inconsistency and invalid statistical inference that often characterize dynamic panel analysis in international political economy. These econometric concerns are tied to Nickell bias and cross-sectional dependence. First, we discuss how to avoid Nickell bias in dynamic panels. Second, we put forward factor-augmented dynami...
Article
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In studies on the relationship between youth and political activism, we find positions that qualify this experience as apathetic and disconnected from politics or as essentially predisposed to politics. We discussed that dichotomized answers to this question, not questioning the concept of politics and the real possibility of young people being und...
Article
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How a treatment causes a particular outcome is a focus of inquiry in political science. When treatment data are either nonrandomly assigned or missing, the analyst will often invoke ignorability assumptions: that is, both the treatment and missingness are assumed to be as if randomly assigned, perhaps conditional on a set of observed covariates. Bu...
Article
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We present an experimental method to assess the impact of world events on political attitudes. Building on cognitive priming research, we expose experimental groups to reminders of historical events and a control group to neutral pictures and captions. Attitudes of interest are assessed afterward. Differences between experimental and control groups...
Article
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Studies comparing the ideological leanings of voters and elected officials are often hampered by the lack of a common measure. The authors use legislative referenda—on which state legislators and voters both vote on the same issue—as bridging observations to develop a common measure for both. They use this measure to help assess two theories of leg...
Article
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This article describes a field experiment designed to test the efficacy of get-out-the-vote (GOTV) techniques in a new context and for an understudied population. It evaluates the effectiveness of nonpartisan GOTV messages delivered via personal contact and mail in a heavily Latino community during the 2004 presidential campaign. It proposes and te...
Article
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This special volume of the Journal of Statistical Software on political methodology includes 14 papers, with wide-ranging software contributions of political scientists to their own field, and more generally to statistical data analysis in the the social sciences and beyond. Special emphasis is given to software that is written in or can cooperate...
Article
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Researchers using latent class (LC) analysis often proceed using the following three steps: (1) an LC model is built for a set of response variables, (2) subjects are assigned to LCs based on their posterior class membership probabilities, and (3) the association between the assigned class membership and external variables is investigated using sim...
Article
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Exploring the issue of referendum voting has become an important aid to understanding the development of democracy in Taiwan. Three re-ferendums on six issues have been held since 2004, and each of them has been held in conjunction with a nationwide election. This paper uses the approach of straight/split-ticket voting to explore Taiwan's referendu...
Thesis
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This thesis constitutes the materialization of an investigation involving political, methodological, pedagogical, social, and motivational aspects, held under the practising teacher education of mathematics teachers of elementary education. The research was developed based on the teacher professional development perspective. To this aim, it engaged...
Article
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In this paper, we discuss an estimator for average treatment effects (ATEs) known as the augmented inverse propensity weighted (AIPW) estimator. This estimator has attractive theoretical properties and only requires practitioners to do two things they are already comfortable with: (1) specify a binary regression model for the propensity score, and...
Article
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Many social processes are stable and smooth in general, with discrete jumps. We develop a sequential segmentation spline method that can identify both the location and the number of discontinuities in a series of observations with a time component, while fitting a smooth spline between jumps, using a modified Bayesian Information Criterion statisti...
Article
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The authors focus on the dichotomous crisp set form of qualitative comparative analysis (QCA). The authors review basic set theoretic QCA methodology, including truth tables, solution formulas, and coverage and consistency measures and discuss how QCA (a) displays relations between variables, (b) highlights descriptive or complex causal accounts fo...
Article
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The consolidation of polling places in the Vestal Central School District in New York State during the district's 2006 budget referendum provides a naturalistic setting to study the effects of polling consolidation on voter turnout on an electorate quite distinct from previous work by Brady and McNulty (2004, The costs of voting: Evidence from a na...
Article
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Political scientists estimate average causal effects with regression or matching techniques, but both techniques require the user to choose a set of matching or conditioning variables. In this paper, we show that the standard advice from both frameworks on how to choose an identifying set of variables is often insufficient and at times misleading....
Article
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In the following essay, Benoît Rihoux, Bernhard Kittel and Jonathon W. Moses outline the recent developments in European political methodology and highlight their own work in developing a number of projects with the European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) that include establishing a Standing Group in Political Methodology, the ECPR Summer...
Conference Paper
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Recent political science research has seen a surge in interest in estimating latent variables (including ideal points of legislators and judges, political sophistication, and democratization) using item-response theory modeling and other factor-analytic techniques. These models offer several advantages over summated scales and other techniques, but...
Article
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A recent article by Groseclose and Milyo (2005) has provided a novel measure of a media outlet's ideology. Nonetheless, this measure has garnered a large amount of criticism. We show that the measure is not sensitive to alternative specifications of the ideology of members of Congress. We then investigate whether the estimated ideological positions...
Article
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This paper addresses the question of policy-making by such bodies as the UK Accounting Standards Committee (ASC) and suggests that an understanding of the nature of power is a necessary prerequisite to rigorous analysis of the political process. Using the example of SSAP 13, the paper investigates the applicability of political methodologies to att...
Article
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While theoretical models in political science are inspired by structural changes in politics, most empirical methods assume stable patterns of causal relationships. Static models with constant parameters do not properly capture dynamic changes in the data and lead to incorrect parameter estimates. In this paper, I introduce two Bayesian time series...
Conference Paper
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Fukuoka 2006 (XX IPSA World Congress of Political Science) - Although new public policies directed at the non-insured population have been decided and legalised by national politics during the democratisation process, the values and guidelines of those new policies have been in fact little realized in the sub-national spheres in Brazil (1985-1998)...
Chapter
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The book series „Higher Education for Sustainability“ provides information and experiences on the question of how sustainable development may be applied as a guiding principle for university education, and how it may be implemented in sustainability-related research activities. A variety of different political, methodological, and didactical approa...
Article
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In this article, I use geographic information systems to develop a continuous measure of district continuity and change following the 2000-02 congressional redistricting cycle. The new measure provides details of where the new population in a district came from and how the old population was distributed within new districts. This measure is then us...
Article
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In recent years, several prominent political scientists have argued that quantitative and qualitative methodologies should be seen as united by a single logic of scientific inference. Just exactly how this reconciliation of quantitative and qualitative methodological approaches should be effected in practice, however, remains highly contentiou...
Article
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Over the last 15 years a large amount of scholarship in legislative politics has used NOMINATE or other similar methods to construct measures of legislators' ideological locations. These measures are then used in subsequent analyses. Recent work in political methodology has focused on the pitfalls of using such estimates as variables in subsequent...
Article
Geographical analyses of posthuman thought have called for the need to develop a critical form of posthumanism that neither rehashes the pitfalls of humanism, nor promulgates a universalized and ungrounded subject position. This article demonstrates how recent advances in critical posthumanism work to address the limitations of posthuman thought by...
Article
This article attempts to explain the political methodology of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia and its implications for religious-based nationalism. As is known, the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia was built with great struggle. Indonesia was born based on a sincere and sincere intention to build an independent unitary stat...
Article
The article is devoted to the study of the main current trends of green investment, as well as to substantiate the prospects for development in the context of the globalization of the "green" movement. It was revealed that the key global trends are the creation and successful operation of specialized sectors of "green" bonds on world exchanges and...
Article
This is a critical study of an experience of a post-doctoral professor, user and student of digital media, a teacher of distance education who is urged to continue with online classes after the confinement orientation because of COVID19. It is also a critical reflection on the paths of education in Brazil. The research is empirical and its research...
Article
In this century, representative liberal democracy is universally considered as the most perfect political regime. However, it is emphasized that the same political regime is exposed to a major crisis for the last 10-20 years as well as looking for ways out. Pursuant to many political scientists, the representative liberal democracy has the authorit...
Chapter
This chapter explores the history of the “micro-/macroevolution” distinction and its significance for the history of Darwinism, its “eclipse,” and the “evolutionary synthesis.” By noting how Darwin, Galton, DeVries, Fisher, Wright, Haldane, Chetverikov, Severtsov, Filipchenko, Dobzhansky, Goldschmidt, J. Huxley, Mayr, Simpson, Guyénot, Rensch, and...
Chapter
Socialism can be defined in two ways: as an ideology based on property-rights infringements or as an ideology based on economic redistribution. History has labeled the former version “communism” and the latter “democratic socialism,” less often “the welfare state.” These two definitions of socialism share one common ideological end goal, namely the...
Article
In this study, I investigate the evolution of authorship diversity in the scientific journals of three major pan-European professional associations of political research (ECPR, EPSA and EISA), since their first issue until 2020, through an analysis of the bibliometric information of each published item. Established between 1973 and 2019, the seven...