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FROM PAST TO PRESENT POLICE RANKS IN TURKISH NATIONAL POLICE ABSTRACT Law enforcement (police) as the Ottoman State and previous periods was carried out by soldiers and other officials. Until it is called internal security service, military police units in carrying out this task. For this reason, the current sense, the police are not able to drive...
Article
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Management of security and order is the most important function of any government. But the several problems of security and order that wrack the Nigerian society now and again cannot but conspire to vitiate this onerous government responsibility to the detriment of the public. The paper observes that the cumulative effects of the official machinery...
Preprint
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As the climate crisis escalates, the political discourse of the U.S. has doubled down to focus not on the environment at large, but on that of the uterus. This paper argues that the fetal body is operating as a magical fetish object upon which to displace growing annihilation anxieties while attempting to colonize the future. As the fetus embodies...
Article
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The US Capitol riot on January 6, 2021, is currently regarded as an unprecedented armed occupation of the US Capitol that left an irreparable stain on the history of American democracy. Five months later, as part of reflective practice, the US Senate released an examination (review) report on the response failures of federal and local law enforceme...
Article
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This article contests the animal cruelty statistics newly collected and publicized in the US by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). In what follows, we (1) outline the inclusion of animal cruelty in the FBI’s National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), 2016–2020; (2) analyze trends in animal cruelty cases reported in NIBRS; (3) identif...
Article
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Criminal justice reform has become an important policy area in the American states and federal government due to the extremely high rates of incarceration in the United States. In addition, high and disproportionate rates of incarceration for black people is an important civil rights issue that needs attention at all levels of the criminal justice...
Article
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Objectives Test the immediate and sustained impact of suspending a police K9 program on officer injury, suspect injury, and suspect resistance rates.MethodsA large municipal policing agency housing one of the oldest K9 programs in the USA suddenly terminated the program at the close of summer 2020. We exploit this change as a natural experiment to...
Technical Report
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A study led by the Scottish Centre for Policing & Public Health at Edinburgh Napier University has found a collaborative initiative between emergency services in a disadvantaged community had a potentially ‘ground-breaking’ impact. Researchers conducted an exploratory evaluation of a Strategic Delivery Partnership ‘vanguard initiative’, which saw...
Book
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As contemporary policing becomes ever more complex, so knowledge of practical psychology becomes ever more important in everyday policing encounters, situations and contexts. This book suggests how new ways of applying psychological knowledge and research can be of benefit in a range of policing contexts, for example, beat patrols, preventing crim...
Article
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The study of global politics is frequently organized around fields, but the boundaries of these fields are little understood. We explore the relationship between two proximate fields, human rights (HR) and democracy promotion (DP), in order to understand the emergence and maintenance of field boundaries. The two fields are closely linked in interna...
Article
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This study examines the relevance and challenges of Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP) strategy in crime control in Nigeria. Rational choice theory was engaged as the theoretical framework. This explanatory study employed qualitative method to extract primary data from Thirty-Seven (37) Police-Public Relation Officers (PPRO) in the Police State Comman...
Chapter
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The purpose of this chapter is to explore the End Special Anti-Robbery Squad (EndSARS) protest as a narrative (metaphor) of youth exclusion and their determined/coordinated response through the demand for improved inclusion, focusing on mobilization against police brutality in Nigeria. Even though the protest started peacefully and was not designed...
Article
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Drug use is a critical behavioral disorder or a delinquency behavior (in the judiciary system's words) that comes with a burden at multiple levels: individual, community, public, and global. These social structures apply different interventions to reduce this burden in their field. Given the society as a whole, these structures must be harmonious a...
Article
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This article sketches a case for the importance of allowing and protecting civil disobedience in a democratic society. There are weighty reasons for non-enforcement of certain laws under certain circumstances, which undermines the legalistic claim that justice requires police to faithfully (try to) enforce all laws at all times. Furthermore, questi...
Article
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Studies have examined the negative effects of drug markets on neighbourhoods. But few explore the views of drug sellers. Drawing on 31 in-depth interviews with Nigerian retail drug sellers, we explore why they sell drugs, the effects of drug markets on neighbourhoods, and how they navigate social and legal problems. The participants sold drugs as a...
Article
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There has been a debate on the modality for the management of the Nigerian Police Force since the return to civil rule in 1999. The debate revolves around the need to devolve constitutional authority on policing to sub-national units. In theory, this will entail moving internal security issues, inclusive of policing, from the exclusive federal list...
Article
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Purpose This study aims to investigate critical differences between police officer willingness to use and recommend an employee assistance program (EAP) to a peer, including the relationship between officer perceptions of macro-level organizational support and micro-level EAP support. Design/methodology/approach A survey of 213 police officers fro...
Preprint
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Socio-economic indicators provide context for assessing a country's overall condition. These indicators contain information about education, gender, poverty, employment, and other factors. Therefore, reliable and accurate information is critical for social research and government policing. Most data sources available today, such as censuses, have s...
Poster
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TRAUMA, TRESSES, & TRUTH is a three-day virtual conference examining the politics, policing, and perception of African American and Afro Latina women’s natural hair in American society. You may see the program from the inaugural 2021 conference at https://trauma-tresses-truth-untangling-our-hair-thro.heysummit.com. The 2023 conference will occur Au...
Article
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For centuries, the male-dominated society has imposed various restrictions on women. Men-dominated society, families, religions, businesses, and the states, all are undermining women’s autonomy, identity, and existence by deciding what women should wear, their mobility, education, work, marriage, and even outfits. Surveillance tools such as moral p...
Article
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Abstract: The paper studied the perceptions of IFAD-CASP staff on the effect of rural banditry in Zamfara state, Nigeria. Interview schedule and focus group discussion (FGD) was used to collect data from 360 respondents that were selected for the study. A multi stage and simple random sampling technique was used in selecting the respondents. Des...
Chapter
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The former Police Act of 1st April 1943 was a colonial law which became part of our law and it was enacted to assist the police to carry out its general duty of prevention and detection of crime, apprehension of offenders, the preservation of law and order, protection of life and property and the due enforcement of all laws and regulations with whi...
Article
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Twenty-eight in depth interviews were conducted with victims, stakeholders and criminal justice staff to investigate legislative and policing responses to image-based sexual abuse in England and Wales. The research identifies fundamental failures within these responses and therefore calls for urgent change. Findings indicate that victims face funda...
Article
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This paper investigates how 192 trainees' self-assessment practices and personal attributes related to their success in an online interview training program. Performance was measured pre-and post-training by evaluating the use of open-ended questions and positive interviewing behaviors. Personal data and a pre-training survey on self-assessment pra...
Article
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Increasing computational power and improving deep learning methods have made computer vision technologies pervasively common in urban environments. Their applications in policing, traffic management, and documenting public spaces are increasingly common (Ridgeway 2018, Coifman et al. 1998, Sun et al. 2020). Despite the often-discussed biases in the...
Preprint
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National Police Service (NPS) in Kenya is still using manual crime mapping tools especially paper-maps and push-pins in a time when most organizations have adopted innovative technologies to drive operations. The goal of this study was to provide an evidence-based theoretical underpinning of technological transformation in policing. The study used...
Article
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Mounted police officers are subject to unique occupational tasks which may lead to unique injuries. This study’s aim was to describe policing injuries suffered by mounted police officers contextualized through comparison to non-mounted officers. Injury data from 01 July 2014 to 30 June 2020 were provided from a state policing agency’s incident repo...
Article
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Mahathir Mohamad's autocratic leadership over Malaysia for decades has left the country with a reputation for being, at best, a hybrid system. The country witnessed the rise of the internet during Mahathir's first term as prime minister, which led to the establishment of the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) in 1998 to overs...
Article
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While much scholarly literature on police ‘canteen’ culture focuses on police storytelling, there is little research on the effects of camera phone technologies on police behaviours, particularly in organizational settings. This article introduces the concept of showability to examine how police officers use videos in their everyday police life, an...
Chapter
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This introductory chapter explains how the book draws on postcolonial and decoloniality studies to challenge exceptionalist narratives and Eurocentric epistemologies that underly the fields of refugee and forced migration studies. Scholarship from disciplines such as international relations, sociology, criminology, and political science often revea...
Method
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There are well-known issues with measuring crime. Both the police recorded crime and the data from surveys suffer from various shortcomings. Crime recording standards play a key role in police recorded crime. Recording crime has substantial relevance to jurisdictional comparisons. It is argued that recording crime for policing should be considered...
Article
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Sydney Catholics in the mid-twentieth century were organised into a large number of active and effective associations, from parish sodalities and professional guilds up to the Cahill government. Parish-based and larger organisations supplied a body of people accustomed to uniformity of beliefs and to coordinated action in support of those beliefs,...
Preprint
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Automated decision-making systems are being increasingly deployed and affect the public in a multitude of positive and negative ways. Governmental and private institutions use these systems to process information according to certain human-devised rules in order to address social problems or organizational challenges. Both research and real-world e...
Article
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The article analyzes the repression of the Mafia phenomenon in Sicily between 1896 and 1901. The close attention paid to the Mafia by the authorities during this period produced a strong evidence base which this article examines through the lens of policing practices. These practices remain neglected as to date the historiography has focused on tra...
Article
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The three lockdown periods across 2020–2021 due to COVID-19 had significant consequences for police. Pandemic lockdown experiences were explored based on online interviews with 25 officers of varied ranks and from across five regions in England and Wales. The analysis demonstrates the existence of two counter-prevailing dynamics in the working worl...
Chapter
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Despite the vast expansion in the film festival sector in India since the early 2000s, most festivals have remained financially precarious. This is true of more mainstream festivals with industry support as well as of myriad activist and “alternative” festivals on the margins. In addition, the country’s Hindu nationalist government has subjected al...
Book
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Laws and guidelines given by Indian courts for effective policing
Article
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Fiji has had a turbulent political history of successive coups that have caused the nation to oscillate between the pursuit of ethnic nationalism and civic nationalism. Since the final coup in 2006, Fiji has suppressed ethnic nationalism that attributes national rights based on the ethnicity of indigenous peoples and has adopted a political traject...
Preprint
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Increasing computational power and improving deep learning methods have made computer vision technologies pervasively common in urban environments. Their applications in policing, traffic management, and documenting public spaces are increasingly common. Despite the often-discussed biases in the algorithms' training and unequally borne benefits, al...
Article
Full-text available
Law enforcement has historically been an institution resistant to both women and racial minorities, evident by decades of research on workplace discrimination in local policing. Missing, however, from this research are the workplace experiences of minority officers in federal policing, a growing domain in law enforcement scholarship. This article e...
Article
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The paper qualitatively examines the role of community policing as a panacea to insecurity in Nigeria through documentary sources. It is argued that the social and political environment in Nigeria is pervaded by the Boko Haram uprising in the North East zone, banditry and cattle rustling in the North West and North Central zones, ethnic militia in...
Article
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It is clear that there is limited academic scholarship on violent extremist radicalization among police officers, but news articles and reports by non-profit organizations abound. The present article aims to analyze this work on the aggregate, exploring and highlighting common factors which shed light on the depth and breadth of the problem. The an...
Chapter
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This short chapter explores ‘dark destinations’ associated with crime fiction. It focuses on Ian Rankin’s Rebus detective novels, set in Edinburgh, and the guided tour of Edinburgh that is inspired by the novels. In doing this, the chapter reflects on the portrayal of urban life, crime and policing in the novels and tour.
Article
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Ongoing global protests against police violence and racism were heightened in 2020 after the deaths of Breana Taylor and George Floyd, whose deaths made headlines worldwide and raised awareness of the Black Lives Matter movement, which targets structural racism and violence against Black people in the USA and abroad. There are many documented links...
Article
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In the era of Covid-19, governments and commentators alike have argued that border controls are a necessary tool in the fight against disease. Indeed, for much of 2020, the Trump administration in the United States adopted an almost singular focus on limiting transnational mobility as the lynchpin of its pandemic response. Ironically, this strength...
Article
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Fictional media offers a conduit by which criminal justice actors, organizations, and institutions are presented, interpreted, and contested. As part of this article, I explore the depiction of policing themes in Disney’s 2016 film Zootopia, an animated movie that showcases the work of Officer Judy Hopps from the Zootopia Police Department. Specifi...
Article
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In Ecuador, according to reports, most of robbery modalities constantly decreased between 2009 and 2015. Homicide rate rose from 1999 to 2009 but decreased from 2010 to 2017 around 65%, from 18.74 to 5.78. It was the only case of this kind in the Americas. We described the nature of the studied proximity strategy and evaluated it before-after throu...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to compare the educational language policing in Ireland, Singapore, and Malaysia. While distant geographically, the three countries experience similar linguistic processes when it comes to anglicisation, and propose different solutions to the issue of balancing linguistic rights, and promotion of English as the language of...
Article
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Despite Smart Living houses potential benefits in providing occupants convenient independence and the care for well-being, their adoption in Malaysia remains infancy. Besides, it has been reputably more expansive than conventional houses. Intensive literature review managed to uncover one of the common reasons - unclear goal of urbanisation, which...
Article
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Book Review of Huey, Laura, Jennifer L. Schulenberg, and Jacek Koziarski, Policing Mental Health: Public Safety and Crime Prevention in Canada.
Article
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The study investigated the socio-demographic characteristics, community characteristics, sources of fear of crime, frequency of news of crime, sources of information on crime, length of stay in the community and perception of rate of crime as predictors of fear of crime among residents in selected communities in Lagos, Nigeria. The study used cross...
Article
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The study aimed to investigate culture of accountability in law enforcement, which is of particular importance. Police departments need to create a system of internal checks and balances to make sure officers carry out their duties properly and act with integrity. Police accountability ensures that officers can work together effectively. They can t...
Article
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The police is the foremost arm of the criminal justice network, established to detect crime and protect the lives and property of citizens. With these onerous tasks, there has been a high and increasing cases of violent and non-violent crimes in Rivers State. This paper therefore, examines the work environment factors that serves as challenges to j...
Article
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The article addresses provisions of the AIA affecting law enforcement authorities (‘LEA’), particularly the implications on crime prevention and investigation online. The analysis demonstrates that online, LE officers have fewer means for meaningful presence and intervention against crime than in the physical domain. This calls for a nuanced approa...
Article
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A reader can expect the abstract, paper and keywords to discuss descriptions of evidence, classification schema, seizure rules and more generally the data frictions, constraints and limitations associated with the processing of digital forensic evidence involving children in England. The widespread availability and use of digital devices both enabl...
Article
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This article explored police methods and challenges in the identification of human trafficking activities by the South African Police Service (SAPS). A qualitative research method was employed in this study that used semi-structured interviews to collect data. Participants were sourced from three key stakeholder groups: (1) the SAPS (Headquarters),...
Preprint
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Recently, Smart Video Surveillance (SVS) systems have been receiving more attention among scholars and developers as a substitute for the current passive surveillance systems. These systems are used to make the policing and monitoring systems more efficient and improve public safety. However, the nature of these systems in monitoring the public's d...
Preprint
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The stack of evidence on ways in which private and public police can work collaboratively is mounting. From what we know, when the two spheres take a cooperative approach, effective crime control practices ensue. The use of private security in lieu of 'classic' policing roles is not just a matter of desirable reduced public expenditure; security gu...
Article
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Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh indikasi ketidakseimbangan posisi rakyat dan penguasa pada konsep tindak pidana politik dalam hukum Islam yang hanya menyebutkan rakyat sebagai pelaku tindak pidana politik dan pemerintah yang sah sebagai obyek atau korban. Pada kenyataannya, pelaku tindak pidana politik bukan hanya rakyat yang diwujudkan dalam...
Article
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As of 2021, 60.3 percent of full-time civilian employees in US law enforcement agencies were women, but only 13.3 percent of full-time law enforcement officers were women, whereas 86.7 percent of officers were male, and less than 3 percent of police chiefs were female (1). Louisiana boasts the highest proportion of women officers, at just over 22%,...
Article
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The impact of body worn cameras on policing will depend on multiple factors such as effective training, and high-quality technological design. Among these factors, we argue, are police officer’s understanding and operation of body worn cameras. Operation involves user decisions about when to activate a body worn camera and where to direct its lens....
Article
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Resumo O embasamento em evidências compartilhadas é um movimento que tem ganhado força nas mais diversas áreas, em especial no campo da administração pública. Pertencentes a esse campo, as organizações policiais, responsáveis pela sustentação da ordem política e detentoras da legitimidade para o uso da força, caracterizam-se por sustentar seus proc...
Article
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Due to its ease and popularity, social media has recently become an essential source of data for researchers and various stakeholder groups that seek a reliable assessment of their policies based on a comprehensive understanding of users' feedback and inputs, which are reflected in their posts and discussions. In this study, we investigate the issu...
Article
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Background: The criminalisation of drill music, a rap-based genre, is a recent chapter in a long history of policing “Black” music. The association of drill and other rap music with “gang” violence has a direct impact on the treatment of Black boys and men in the criminal justice system. However, critics argue that, rather than causing violence, vi...
Article
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Policía militarizada en Chile: claves para comprender la violencia policial estatal en la relación al conflicto mapuche La decisión de militarizar la Araucanía chilena, esto es, llamar a las fuerzas armadas para el control policial en la zona, ha producido un amplio debate nacional y un escalamiento de la violencia en la zona. Y es que, como muestr...
Article
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The increasing criminalisation of solidarity and human rights and earth defenders, and the deep polarisation around and the policing of the pandemic, have shed light on the importance of, but also of the ways in which our societies respond to dis/obedience. In this article, I use dis/obedience as an umbrella concept that opens up a line of thinking...
Article
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Algorithms increasingly govern people’s lives, including through rapidly spreading applications in the public sector. This paper sheds light on acceptance of algorithms used by the public sector emphasizing that algorithms, as parts of socio-technical systems, are always embedded in a specific social context. We show that citizens’ acceptance of an...
Article
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Many conceptions of field-effects of consciousness have been proposed. The most well-developed of these is Maharishi Mahesh Yogi’s, which holds that every individual in society, whether stressed or coherent, contributes to collective consciousness. Collective consciousness in turn impacts the life of every individual, guiding the trends of life in...
Article
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This article investigates the appearance of a defined form of masculinity within various aspects of identity in the Muslim and Malay communities in Southeast Asia. This appearance enables for a multilayered understanding of masculinity and hegemonic masculinity which is reinforced by various institutions that fosters and defines the various compone...
Article
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This community case study highlights how Khmer Girls in Action (KGA), a Southeast Asian young women-led organizing group in Long Beach, California, enacts healing justice. Healing justice is a framework for both transforming structures at the crux of health inequities and healing emotional, spiritual, and psychological wounds inflicted by structura...
Article
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The police force in the United States of America (USA) has been controversial for their execution of force and actions. This paper reviews the historical account of police reforms in the USA. The review illustrates various issues and dynamics of five significant eras of police reforms – the political era, the reform era, the community policing era,...
Article
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James Q. Wilson (1931–2012) ranks among the most influential political scientists and policy intellectuals of the past fifty years. This new account of Wilson's journey from liberal to conservative highlights his time at Harvard University in the 1960s, during the height of liberal authority and the emergence of the New Left, and draws from archiva...
Article
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Considerable efforts and resources have been expended to enact reforms to the criminal justice system over the last five decades. Concerns about dramatic increases in violent crime beginning in the late Sixties and accelerating into the 1980s led to the “War on Drugs” and the “War on Crime” that included implementation of more punitive policies and...
Article
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Digital forensic helps to unlock the evidential opportunities presented by digital devices. Ninety per cent of all cases in England and Wales carry a digital element and identifying the devices with the most evidential value is central to dealing effectively and efficiently with the demand for digital forensic (DF) analysis. This article offers an...
Article
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Though sex, gender, and sexuality have been subject to ongoing forms of state scrutiny and, therefore, concern surveillance studies scholars—one can think of McCarthy and the policing of homosexuality and the current forms of homophobia and cisgenderism structuring bathroom, sport, and “Don’t Say Gay” laws in the US—there is a glaring lack of atten...
Chapter
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The global market for facial recognition technology (FRT), as this chapter documents, is expanding. Demand is rising for policing tools, surveillance systems, banking, education, disease monitoring, school and airport security, cashless transactions, emotion analysis, business decision-making, and the profiling of customers. Uptake is especially st...
Chapter
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The influence of the movement to oppose facial recognition technology (FRT), this chapter concludes, is likely to keep rising. More civil society organizations are set to join, extending the depth, reach, and diversity of resistance. The movement looks set to remain cooperative and the messaging is on track to become more consistent as more groups...
Article
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У статті досліджуються поняття, зміст та сутність поліцейської діяльності, керованої розвідувальною аналітикою. Відзначається складність перекладу терміну «intelligence» та різні позиції науковців з приводу перекладу пов’язаного з ним терміну «ILP» (Intelligence-Led Policing). Окреслюється роль кримінального аналізу, доповненого кримінальною розвід...
Article
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This article deals with questions concerning the relationship between the Norwegian police reform of 2016 and the terrorist attack at Utøya in 2011. The 2016 reform is often presented as an automatic response to the attack by media, politicians and the Police Director. As something that had to be done. A reform that had been in the cupboard for mor...
Chapter
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This chapter introduces the topic of facial recognition technology (FRT). It defines facial recognition, and explains the differences between facial verification, identification, tracking, and analysis. It introduces the main criticisms of the technology, including for policing, surveillance, emotion analysis, and profiling (e.g., gender, age, ethn...
Article
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The underrepresentation of women in leadership positions in the Metro Police Departments (MDPs) continues to be a matter of some concern, particularly in a traditionally male-dominated industry such as law enforcement. Research on gender and leadership has revealed that women continue to face challenges in advancing into leadership positions. Democ...
Article
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Australia’s incarceration rates are the highest they have been in a century. Bail and remand contribute much to this trend, and yet the reasons why police refuse bail to vulnerable people are currently unclear. What is clear, though, is that a disproportionate number of vulnerable people are being refused bail, resulting in periods of remand incarc...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Das Konzept stochastischer Gewalt erklärt die Entstehung von Gewalt in einem sozialen System als einen wahrscheinlichen, aber im konkreten Einzelfall nichtvorhersagbaren Prozess. Im vorliegenden Beitrag beschreiben wir das Konzept in seinem prozesshaften Verlauf und legen dabei den Analysenutzen für eine Reduktion von Gewalt in der...
Article
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Background Policing, corrections, and other carceral institutions are under scrutiny for driving health harms, while receiving disproportionate resources at the expense of prevention and other services. Amidst renewed interest in structural determinants of health, roles of race and class in shaping government investment priorities are poorly unders...
Chapter
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This chapter outlines the transnational social movement to oppose facial recognition technology (FRT). Civil society organizations advocating for civil liberties, civil rights, human rights, and digital rights form the core of the movement. This includes Access Now, the American Civil Liberties Union, Amnesty International, Article 19, Big Brother...
Article
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The COVID-19 outbreak and its practical impacts are changing policing and police responses. Alongside the relentless efforts of the health sector, the role of police forces has been the subject of debate between the global South and North. As the first study in Vietnam, this paper explains how Vietnam’s police applied community-based policing to pr...
Article
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Background While prior research has revealed a dynamic relationship between individual religiosity and punitiveness, much less is known about how religious context might affect attitudes toward punitiveness. In addition, even less is known about how religion, individual or contextual, might shape public attitudes toward an important aspect of punit...
Chapter
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This chapter analyzes the politics underlying legislation to regulate facial recognition technology (FRT) in the United States. It includes a case study of the politics leading to the passage of the 2020 bill to regulate FRT in Washington State, which Senator Joe Nguyen, a Microsoft employee, sponsored. The chapter focuses in particular on the infl...
Chapter
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This chapter explores the politics of normalizing the use of facial recognition technology (FRT) in everyday life in China. The chapter examines how the Communist Party of China is deploying FRT to extend policing and mass surveillance, including to track Muslim Uyghurs in the Xinjiang region in northwest China. It explores the growing deployment o...
Article
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This paper considers the problem of how Mad leaders might be authentic without resorting to discriminatory identity policing. The paper briefly charts the contemporary role of consumer/survivor/ex-patient/mad activism in mental health reform before drawing on the author’s failed attempt to grapple with authentic mad leadership. Drawing on Mad Studi...
Article
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The main goal of the Nigeria Police Force is to protect life and property of its citizens but the recent trend of insecurity in Rivers State shows the inability of the Nigeria Police Force in performing these essential functions. These issues can be attributed to inadequate manpower, poor understanding of the environment they are posted to fight in...
Article
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This article examines the ambiguous values that guide and sustain livelihood practices and everyday struggles of different classes of people in the context of contemporary Sharia reforms, introduced in Nigeria at the turn of the 21 st century. It specifically analyzes the economic impact of the Yan Hisbah (moral police) in Kano in Nigeria, who enfo...
Article
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In response to increasing worldwide interest in evidence-based policing (EBP), Eric Piza and Brandon Welsh have produced a valuable contribution to the subject covering examples from the last three decades. The editors bring together a comprehensive and diverse range of entries that combines research from recognized scholars in the field as well as...
Chapter
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This model takes the vigorous promotion of the construction of “smart policing” and the construction of a modern police system as the background, creates a data-based, technology-based, vigorously improves the analysis and mining capabilities of public security organs on the hot issues of counterfeit drug crimes, and transforms the traditional post...
Chapter
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In recent years, the public security department has insisted on technology to promote the high-quality development of public security work in the new era. It not only builds a three-dimensional patrol and defence system, but improve the level of patrol, defence and control management vigorously. At present, an intelligence-aided patrol system has b...