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Plastic Surgery - Science topic

Discuss the advances and new perspectives of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.
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Publications related to Plastic Surgery (10,000)
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Article
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Background Ocular adnexal B-cell lymphoma (OABL) is a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The molecular characteristics of OABL remain poorly understood. We performed an integrated study to investigate the proteotranscriptome landscape and identify novel molecular characteristics and biomarkers of OABL. Methods Integrated quantitative proteome a...
Article
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We report on postoperative management of wound healing in four cases of Fournier’s gangrene successfully treated with low-intensity shockwave therapy (LI-ESWT). In three cases, LI-ESWT (3 sessions per week with 2000 shockwaves at 3 Hz applied at 0.25 mJ/mm²) was able to close wound dehiscence secondary to plastic surgery with skin flaps. In one pat...
Article
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Background Plastic surgery practices have changed drastically during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, as most non-elective surgeries were deferred owing to the high presumed risk of infection transmission. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the patterns and characteristics of plastic surger...
Article
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Background A rising incidence of cutaneous melanoma causes a high prevalence of patients eligible for clinical follow-up, which increases the burden on the resources in the health care system. The objectives of this study are to investigate the effect of the current surveillance program in terms of detecting recurrence or development of de novo cut...
Article
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Background Omphalocele is a congenital abdominal wall defect with an incidence of 1/4,200 births. Repair timing varies from the neonatal period to the first few years of life. Surgical technique has changed over the last two decades. We sought to establish improved surgical/ventilation protocols for patients with omphaloceles requiring abdominal re...
Preprint
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Background: Sporadic venous malformation (VM) and angiomatosis of soft tissue (AST) are benign, congenital vascular anomalies affecting venous vasculature. Depending on the size and location of the lesion, symptoms vary from motility disturbances to pain and disfigurement. Due to high recurrence of the lesions more effective therapies are needed. M...
Article
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In this article, we reported a single case of ischemic fasciitis in a young woman with a progressive immobilization due to a multifocal demyelinating disease of central nervous system, which appeared on an extensive pressure ulcer of the sacral region treated with 10 days of negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT). Wound examination revealed a signi...
Article
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Background Virtual education is an evolving method for teaching medical learners. During the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, remote learning has provided a replacement for conferences, lectures, and meetings, but has not been described as a method for conducting a cadaver dissection. We aim to demonstrate how learners perceive a virtual cadaver...
Article
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The article presents a discussion with the authors of a previously published article (Zelyanin D.A. et al. Features of the Extraction of the Anterior Tibial Vessels in the Formation of Vascularized Bone Grafts. Traumatology and Orthopedics of Russia. 2022. Vol. 28, No 1. p. 89-99), as well as on the basis of our own topographic and anatomical studi...
Article
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Background Hand injuries compose up to 30% of all injuries in emergency care. However, there is a lack of epidemiological data reflecting patient or accident-related variables, injury types, injured anatomical structures or trauma localization. Objective The objective of this study is (1) to provide epidemiological information on hand injuries and...
Article
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Background Seroma remains a leading post-surgical complication in plastic surgery. Conventional drains are ineffective in clearing blood and fluid and closing down surgical spaces. The Interi (Internal Closure System, IC Surgical, Grand Rapids, MI) is comprised of a novel branching internal manifold attached to a self-contained portable pump with a...
Article
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We present a woman who was referred to our plastic surgery unit with a suspected squamous cell carcinoma following a 3-year history of an enlarging mass on her thigh. Surprisingly, histopathological assessment confirmed the diagnosis of nodular malignant melanoma measuring 77×77×54 mm with a Breslow thickness of 52 mm, making it the largest recorde...
Poster
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Introducción Objetivos Métodos: La terapia por presión negativa (TPN) es un sistema no invasivo que permite la curación de las heridas cuyo funcionamiento consiste en la creación de una pre-sión negativa en la zona donde se requiera hacer el tratamiento. Esta consta de un tubo que somete a descompresión un apósito de espuma de poliuretano y transpo...
Article
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Background Lateral canthal webbing is a known complication of blepharoplasty, which occurs when the lateral aspect of the upper blepharoplasty incision is taken below the equator of the lateral canthus. Removing excessive eyelid skin laterally can also result in a lateral canthal web. Currently, there is no standard approach for addressing this com...
Article
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Maxillofacial defects compromise appearance and function making individuals incapable of leading a relatively normal life. It is always not possible to rehabilitate all these defects using plastic surgery. Although remarkable advancements have evolved in this field, the patient’s financial constraints make the prosthodontist think about the basic c...
Chapter
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Objective: To provide and describe current best practice in the provision of anaesthesia services within burn and plastic surgery and/or burn and plastic surgery interventions supported by evidence and national recommendations where available, for anaesthetists with responsibilities for service delivery and healthcare managers
Article
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A procedure based on Microneedling (MND) with Low-Level Led Therapy (LLLT) and Growth Factors (GFs) could be a booster for hair re-growth (HRG) in patients assuming Finasteride®. The study examined the clinical outcomes of a multicentric, observational, retrospective, case-series investigation in which MND with LLLT and GFs was applied to patients...
Article
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Objective: To compare the bed occupancy rates of various departments of Holy Family Hospital during January 2022. Materials & Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was done to determine and compare the Bed Occupancy Rates (BOR) of January 2022 from numerous departments of Holy Family Hospital Rawalpindi. Medicine & Allied departments in ou...
Article
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Introduction: The objective of this work is to determine the role of a multidisciplinary approach in treating the complex high flow head and neck arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), involving radiologists and plastic surgeons for the best possible outcomes. Methods: Between 2018 and 2020, the investigators conducted a retrospective analysis on seve...
Article
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In the last decade, there has been a noticeable increase in the interest in aesthetic and corrective surgery regardless of a patient’s age. Both aesthetical and practical considerations are a motivation for patients undergoing plastic surgery. The goal of this study is to analyze dependencies between welfare, self-assessment and body self-perceptio...
Article
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Background Amputation is still the most common therapy for patients suffering from osteosarcoma in Myanmar, despite the fact that limb salvage surgery e.g. Borggreve–Van Nes-Winkelmann rotationplasty for malignant tumors located within the distal femur or proximal tibia is the current state-of-the-art reconstructive procedure. A safe and reliable o...
Article
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Background Reduction mammaplasty and mastopexy are an ideal teaching opportunity for residents. While residents benefit from teaching operations, it is essential to evaluate whether this poses risks for the patient. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of hands-on training for residents as primary surgeons in reduction mammaplasties...
Article
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Although the involvement of plastic surgery has been deemed important in the treatment of sarcoma patients to avoid oncological compromises and ameliorate patient outcomes, it is not ubiquitously available. The accessibility of defect reconstruction and its therapeutic impact on sarcoma care is the subject of this analysis. Cross-sectional data fro...
Article
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Background The tuberous breast is considered a breast deformity characterized by varying degrees of herniation of the parenchyma, widened nipple-areolar complex (NAC), absence of the lower quadrants, and may involve several degrees of hypoplasia and asymmetry causing significant psychosocial distress. Objectives The paper aimed to compare the resu...
Article
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COVID-19 significantly impacted the residency match process. Away rotations and in-person interviews were canceled in 2021, resulting in a geographic shift in integrated plastic surgery match results. Although several of these limitations were lifted during the 2022 cycle, the resulting geographic outcomes have yet to be described. This study aims...
Article
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Background:. Currently, the gold standard for complex defect reconstruction is autologous tissue flaps, with vascularized composite allografts as its highest level. Good clinical results are obtained despite considerable obstacles, such as limited donor sites, donor site morbidity, and complex operations. Researchers in the field of tissue engineer...
Article
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By embracing Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN), several face-related applications have significantly benefited and achieved unparalleled success. Inspired by the latest advancement in GAN, we propose the PlasticGAN which is a holistic framework for generating images of post-surgery faces as well as reconstruction of faces after surgery completi...
Article
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Background Surgical training is a competitive process attracting highly motivated clinicians. The National Health Service is currently facing long waiting lists and a workforce crisis yet there is a paucity of data regarding attrition of surgical trainees in England. This study aims to describe the attrition of surgical trainees from 2016 to 2021 a...
Article
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Objective: This study is aimed at exploring the impact of eye model based on multichannel convolutional neural network (CNN) on eye plastic surgery and aesthetic effect, thus formulating methods to improve the effect of eye plastic surgery. Methods: A total of 64 patients who underwent pouch plastic surgery from January 2020 to March 2021 were s...
Article
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Background The global COVID-19 pandemic has led to social constraints and changes in injury patterns during the government-imposed restrictions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the lockdown period on the pattern of emergency presentations in a plastic, hand and reconstructive surgery department in a German referral center. Met...
Chapter
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Zusammenfassung Es erfolgt eine Deskription des Status Quo in der Regelversorgung der Fachgebiete Plastische Chirurgie und Handchirurgie. Anschließend wird die Recherche zu Projekten der Besonderen Versorgung in den Fachgebieten erläutert.
Article
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Introduction The concept of beauty has transformed through time and across the globe during specific events in history and continues to evolve. Objectives This study will focus on how tendency toward perfectionism and stereotypes promoted by media influence beauty perception and the need of plastic surgery. Methods In this study we examined facto...
Article
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PurposeTo compare the number of referrals and conversion rate between the pandemic and pre-pandemic period.Methods The number of referrals and conversion rate between the 10-month pandemic (March–December 2020) and pre-pandemic (March–December 2019) were evaluated in the two university (mainly non-cosmetic) and private (mainly cosmetic) facial plas...
Article
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Introducción. El trauma es una de las principales causas de mortalidad a nivel mundial y representa un problema de salud pública. En Latinoamérica y particularmente en Colombia, son escasos los registros de trauma que se han desarrollado satisfactoriamente. El objetivo del presente estudio fue describir la epidemiología del trauma en el Hospital Un...
Article
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The aim of this report is to present a case of a patient who developed unusual systemic hypersensitivity reaction to a red-pigmented tattoo and to discuss diagnostic difficulties in case of systemic reactions to tattoo ink. The patient reported erythroderma on his arms and chest accompanied by plaque elevation of red parts of his most recently perf...
Article
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Background: Abdominoplasty, a popular cosmetic surgery, has improved in recent years. Kelly helped minimize abdominal fat and skin. Medical institutions are diagnosing and treating obesity at an increasing pace. The research aimed to examine early post-abdominoplasty outcomes.Methods: This prospective observational study was carried out from July 2...
Article
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Background: Comminuted intra-articular phalanx fractures are complicated injuries often treated with external fixation. Syringe needle- cap can be an excellent mini-external fixators because they are radiolucent, readily available, inexpensive, simple, safe and easy to use. Our cases received a novel treatment in the form a syringe needle-cap/mini ex...
Article
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Introduction: Reconstruction of distal wounds in lower extremities can be challenging due to the lack of tissue to perform local flaps. Fasciocutaneous and muscular flaps are some options for coverage, such as the reverse-flow fasciocutaneous sural flap. Objective: To present an 18-month experience on ankle, calcaneus, and foot reconstruction us...
Presentation
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Although there is a current ban in many countries on the injection of liquid silicone, paraffin or polyacrylamide hydrogels or other gel or liquid materials into the breasts for the purpose of increasing size, there are still a large number of non-professionals who use these injec- tions and offer them as a cheap alternative to plastic surgery. The...
Article
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Skin soft tissue expansion is one of the most basic and commonly used techniques in plastic surgery to obtain excess skin for a variety of medical uses. However, skin soft tissue expansion is faced with many problems, such as long treatment process, poor skin quality, high retraction rate, and complications. Therefore, a deeper understanding of the...
Article
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Objective We explored the clinical significances of the relationships among sphenoid sinus aeration, intersphenoid sinus septum (ISS), and internal carotid artery (ICA). Methods We retrospectively reviewed the preoperative paranasal sinus computed tomography scans and the medical charts of 490 patients who were treated by the endoscopic endonasal...
Article
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Background: The use of autologous grafts is a standard reconstructive option in plastic surgery. The absence of a well-established protocol for decontamination after accidental contamination increases the risk of postoperative infection. We aimed to explore the current practice and decontamination methods among Saudi plastic surgeons. This would he...
Article
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Introduction: Chronic headache is one of the most disabling conditions afflicting humankind. The management of chronic headaches has, to date, been only partially successful. The goal of this paper is to highlight the importance of collaboration between surgeons and headache physicians in treating this condition. Methods: We present a narrative...
Article
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Background: The COVID-19 vaccine rollout has since been followed by a gradual resumption of elective surgery. Many individuals remain cautious about visiting a hospital or clinic to undergo surgery. As plastic surgeons are starting to resume elective surgery at this time, it is important to understand the perspectives of potential patients and the...
Article
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Biocompatible hyaluronic acid (HA, hyaluronan) gel implants have altered the therapeutic landscape of surgery and medicine, fostering an array of innovative products that include viscosurgical aids, synovial supplements, and drug-eluting nanomaterials. However, it is perhaps the explosive growth in the cosmetic applications of injectable dermal fil...
Preprint
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Purpose: Phyllodes tumor (PT) of the breast is a fibroepithelial neoplasm with incidence of around 1%. In 1-2% of PTs, a concomitant breast carcinoma is incidentally found encapsulated within the PT. Here, we present a rare case of an infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) found within a borderline phyllodes tumor (...
Article
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Introduction: Gynecomastia or the enlargement of breast tissue in men is one of the most common problems. Surgical management includes surgical excision or liposuction or both based on the grade. Surgical excision by Subcutaneous mastectomy(SM) is the criterion standard for the management of gynecomastia with only glandular hypertrophy without skin...
Article
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Background Management of sternal wound infections (SWIs) in pediatric patients following congenital heart surgery can be extremely difficult. Patients with congenital cardiac conditions are at risk for complications such as sternal dehiscence, infection, and cardiopulmonary compromise. In this study, we report a single‐institution experience with p...
Article
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Background: Racial disparities in the visual representation of patients in the plastic surgery literature can contribute to health inequities. This study evaluates racial diversity in photographs published in the aesthetic and breast reconstruction literature. Methods: A photogrammetric analysis of plastic surgery journals from the USA, Canada,...
Preprint
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The myotonometry is a noninvasive method capable to quantify linear elastic and viscoelastic properties of the myofascial tissue. However, this superficial layer contains different structures that have different distribution and organization of structural components. Myotonometric measurements of dynamic stiffness, logarithmic decrement and creep a...
Article
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Some would argue that kids aren't just little adults, but what about their sternums? We are reviewing a manuscript by Horriat, McCandless, and colleagues in the Journal of Cardiac Surgery describing their experience with managing sternal wound infections (SWI) after congenital heart surgery. They report encouraging results in 14 patients who requir...
Article
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Plastic surgery knowledge in the Middle Ages is known to have progressed via the Sushruta Samhita and Pragmateia of Paul of Aegina. Both texts influenced numerous medical authors of the Middle Ages, particularly those from the Islamic Golden Age. Little is known of how this information was transferred to these great writers. This article examines h...
Article
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Background Reduction mammoplasty is a commonly performed cosmetic procedure in the UK. Wound breakdown and infection are damaging complications both for patient experience and for cosmetic outcome. The questions we as investigators wanted to answer were: according to the best available scientific data, firstly which patients are at greatest risk o...
Article
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The anterior midline incision is the most popular approach to the knee among orthopedic surgeons, including in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Wound breakdown in the anterior knee can rapidly lead to an exposed joint and hardware because of the scarcity of soft tissue padding. Should it happen, expedite reconstitution of the skin envelope is essenti...
Article
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Purpose: While plastic surgeons have been historically indispensable in reconstruction of posttraumatic defects, their role in Level I trauma centers around the world has not yet been clearly approved. This study aims to assess the contribution of plastic surgeons in major trauma care by evaluating the characteristics of trauma patients underwent...
Article
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The diffusion of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) inducing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has increased the incidence of several dermatological disorders, including hair loss (HL). This article aims to review the literature regarding the incidence of HL and telogen effluvium (TE) in COVID-19 patients and critically...
Article
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25-летней пациентки, оперированной по поводу релаксации диафрагмы. Дополнительные методы исследования, включая ЭхоКГ и УЗИ органов брюшной полости и забрюшинного пространства других пороков развития у данной пациентки не выявили. Из-за отсутствия пластического материала соответствующего разме-ра и типа операция по пластическому замещению диафрагмы...