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Phytochemistry - Science topic

Chemical compounds that occur naturally in plants
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Publications related to Phytochemistry (8,401)
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Aesculus indica Wall. Ex Camb. Hook, a member of Hippocastanaceae family, is widely distributed in the low temperature region of the world. Various parts of this plant are enriched with bioactive molecules and used to treat a variety of illness such as abdominal colic, thrombosis, hemorrhoids, diabetes, rheumatism and skin diseases. All the informa...
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Dianthi herba (called “ Qumai ” in Chinese) is the dried aerial part of Dianthus superbus L. and Dianthus chinensis L. The species are mainly distributed in the temperate and warm temperate regions in the northern hemisphere, and some regions in Africa and Oceania, as well as South America. However, the distribution pattern of Dianthi herba has not...
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Kopsia belongs to the family Apocynaceae, which was originally classified as a genus in 1823. Kopsia consists of medicinal plants that can be traditionally used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, and dropsy. More than one hundred and twenty-five publications have been documented relating to the phytochemical and pharmacologica...
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The Lebanese flora is known for its biodiversity and high rate of endemism. The data found in the literature between January 2010 and October 2021, about the extracts and essential oils of Origanum ehrenbergii Boiss., Origanum syriacum L., Stachys nivea Labill., Stachys ehrenbergii Boiss., Cousinia libanotica DC., Salvia fruticosa Miller and Berber...
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Valeriana plants are members of the Caprifoliaceae family, which include more than 200 species worldwide. We summarized previous reports on traditional clinical applications, bioactivities, and phytochemistry of Valeriana by searching electronic databases of Science Direct, Web of Science, PubMed, and some books. Some Valeriana species have been us...
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Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that requires continuing medical attention, characterized by hyperglycemia, and usually due to the derangement of carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism. Diabetes presently has no cure but can be managed. The search for diabetes cure has necessitated researchers across the world to explore natural agents...
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Background Traditional herbs played a crucial role in the health care of the Hakka people. However, studies to identify these traditional herbs are few. Here we document and assess the potential of these plants for treating microbial infections. Many herbs used by the Hakka people could potentially be a novel medicinal resource. Methods Local herb...
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Background: Saqmunia, a resin obtained from the root of Convolvulus scammonia L. is widely used in Unani system of medicine for the treatment of several body ailments. This important medicinal plant belongs to Convolvulaceae family, and is commonly grown in Mediterranean regions. Purpose of the review: The core objective of this appraisal is to emp...
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The genus Ziziphus is cultivated worldwide mostly for its medicinal purposes aside from its edible fruits due to its diverse phytochemicals. The genus is grown in several world locations to encompass mainly Z. jujuba, Z. xylopyrus, Z. spina-christi, Z. lotus, Z. mauritiana, Z. celata, etc. Folk medicinal uses reported in genus Ziziphus include trea...
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Traditionally, Brassica species are widely used in traditional medicine, human food, and animal feed. Recently, special attention has been dedicated to Brassica seeds as source of health-promoting phytochemicals. This review provides a summary of recent research on the Brassica seed phytochemistry, bioactivity, dietary importance, and toxicity by s...
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Nutraceuticals derived from a medicinal plant having therapeutic significance are a gift to mankind to acquire healthy life. Carica papaya Linn. (aricaceae) commonly known as papaya. It is a significant fruit tree and is found in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. The extract from various parts of plant especially fruit and leaves contain...
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Spatholobus suberectus Dunn (SSD) has been extensively employed in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat several ailments. SSD and its active compounds are effective therapeutic agents for treating a variety of diseases with negligible side effects. Therefore, we aimed to investigate its phytochemistry, pharmacology, and potential therapeutic effec...
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Cinnamomi Ramulus (CR) has been extensively used as a remedy for inflammatory diseases in China. This study adopted an integrative approach of experimental research, phytochemistry, and network pharmacology to investigate its alleviative effects on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the underlying potential mechanisms. CR extract (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg...
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Bryophytes are natural sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with bioactive properties whese can be used for bioprospecting and biotechnological applications. This study determines the VOC composition from the moss Calymperes palisotii Schw€ agr. The volatile concentrate of the species was obtained by simultaneous micro hydrodistillation-ext...
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Bupleuri Radix (BR) is a traditional Chinese medicine and widely used for cold and fever, influenza, inflammation, hepatitis and menstrual diseases. Two authentic medicinal plants of Bupleuri chinense DC. (Beichaihu, BCH) and B. scorzonerifolium Willd. (Nanchiahu, NCH) are recommended by the current Chinese Pharmacopoeia for BR. In the present stud...
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The plant Miconia albicans (Sw.) Triana has been popularly used in Brazil to treat chronic inflammatory disturbances, such as osteoarthritis. This disease affects 250 million people worldwide, and is associated with intense pain and loss of articular function. There is a lack of information about the phytochemistry and bioactivity of M. albicans. T...
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A surge in laboratory research into the pharmacological properties of bioactive compounds, as well as their potential to cure a wide range of ailments, has resulted in an influx of new herbal medications and extracts onto the international market in recent years. D. gangaticum (L.) (DG), one of the essential herbs of Indian traditional system of me...
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The ranking of seeds represents remarkable transition phase for photosynthasis and sexual reproduction, this phase is complex & successful method for sexual reproduction in vascular plants. As we know that seed containe the genetic repository of past & potential for its perpetuation in the future. The dormancy in seeds induced by desciccation & the...
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Sankhaholi (Evolvulus alsinoides) is a small perennial herb belonging to the family Convolvulaceae. It is also known as Vishnukranti (Sanskrit), Sankhavalli (Marathi) and Vishnukraandi (Tamil). According to Unani Medicine the notable medicinal properties reported for the treatment of flatulence, haemorrhoids, diabetes, frequency of micturition, bur...
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Pelargonium sidoides (African geranium) is recognised by South African traditional healers and the pharmaceutical industry for its medicinal properties. Nonetheless, this medicinal herb is highly susceptible to root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne species), which limit its growth and medicinal values. Meloidogyne species over the years have been manage...
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Hemorrhoidal disease is a very present ailment that manifests itself in our societies and sometimes leads to cases of surgery. The traditional treatment in Benin is based on the use of medicinal plants. Calotropis procera (Ait.) and Ficus umbellata (Vahl.) are two plants well known in West Africa, precisely in Benin. They are among the most used p...
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Cancer is the second leading cause of fatality all over the world. Various unwanted side effects are being reported with the use of conventional chemotherapy. The plant derived bioactive compounds are the prominent alternative medicinal approach for reduction of chemotherapy associated side effects. The data is collected from Pubmed, Sci-hub, Googl...
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Toxicodendron succedaneum (L.) Kuntze (Anacardiaceae) is a deciduous tree widely distributed in South and Southeast Asia. The resin of T. succedaneum is used in decorating traditional handicrafts, and resinous latex is poisonous. The plant yields a commercially important wax and treats asthma, cough, fever, ear infections, pulmonary infections, dia...
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Santalum genus belongs to the family of Santalaceae, widespread in India, Australia, Hawaii, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia, and valued as traditional medicine, rituals and modern bioactivities. Sandalwood is reported to possess a plethora of bioactive compounds such as essential oil and its components (α-santalol and β-santalol), phenolic compounds and...
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Tetraclinis articulata (Vahl) Masters, commonly known as Sandarac tree and Araâr, is the only species representing the genus Tetraclinis Masters. The plant has been extensively used for medicinal, artistic, and ritual purposes since its first recorded use in 1800 B.C. Recently, a full range of ethnobotanical investigations has been undertaken to do...
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Background Almost from the very beginning of human existence, man has been interacting with plants. Throughout human history, plants have provided humans with basic needs such as sustenance, firewood, livestock feed, and wood. The world has approximately 3 million vascular plants. The treatment of primary health problems is provided primarily by tr...
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Background The plant Laggera aurita (Asteraceae) is a commonly utilized medicinal plant growing as a weed in African countries used in the treatment of many diseases. Besides, several phytochemical and pharmacological studies were conducted to check its phytocompounds and therapeutic potentials. However, there is unavailable information on the plan...
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Annickia chlorantha Setten & P.J.Maas belongs to the Annonaceae family and is a multi-purpose medicinal plant, which has been extensively used for the traditional treatment option for malaria in western and central Africa. Its phytochemical composition is dominated particularly by various biologically active protoberberines and acetogenins. This re...
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Representatives of the Prunus genera, found in almost every country and continent, have been recognized not only for their delicious fruits and nuts, but also because of their beneficial properties. To date, numerous cultivars have been phytochemically studied, leading to the identification of various compounds including terpenes, tannins, flavonoi...
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Punica granatum L (pomegranate) is one of the Mediterranean medicinal plants that has been used for generations in treating ulcers, diarrhea, and male infertility. Increasing evidence has revealed that pomegranate possesses myriads of pharmacological activities such as anti-diabetic, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-malaria, anti-fibrotic, anti-...
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Rubia cordifolia (family: Rubiaceae) L (R. cordifolia) is a perennial botanical drug climbing vine. As the main part of the traditional Chinese medicine, the rhizome has a long history. A great number of literary studies have reported that it can be used for the improvement of blood circulation, hemostasis, activation of collaterals, etc. When it c...
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Organ fibrosis is a common pathological change that finally results in organ failure, which involves the destruction of parenchyma cells, the activation of mesenchymal cells and the imbalance of immunological cells. In recent years, although some breakthroughs have been made in understanding the pathogenesis and therapeutics of organ fibrosis, no r...
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Seeds from mustard (genera Brassica spp. and Sinapsis spp.), are known as a rich source of glucosinolates and omega-3 fatty acids. These compounds are widely known for their health benefits that include reducing inflammation and lowering the risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. This review presented a synthesis of published literature from G...
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Since ancient times, the Cucurbitaceae family is used as a therapeutic option in human medicine. This family has around 130 genera and 800 species. Researchers have studied the various plants of this family including Lagenaria siceraria due to their medicinal potential. Various properties are beneficial for human health, that have been attributed t...
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Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia Volubilis L.), SI, is the oleaginous plant of the Euphorbiaceous family originally cultivated in the Amazonian forest. It is traditionally appreciated and consumed as the healthful food. In vivo, in vitro and clinical studies have suggested the beneficial effects of SI for a variety of neuroprotection, dermatology, antidysli...
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Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) is native to the western Mediterranean basin and has an economic importance in southwestern Europe. This importance is based on the use of its wood in the construction, furniture, and paper industries. Bark and other parts of the plant, such as resin, needles, and cones, are by-products with potential industrial...
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Plants of the species Fridericia chica (Bonpl.) L. G. Lohmann (Bignoniaceae), which are widely distributed in Brazil and named crajiru in the state of Amazonas, are known in folk medicine as a traditional medicine in the form of a tea for the treatment of intestinal colic, diarrhea, and anemia, among other diseases. The chemical analysis of extract...
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Latin America is a multicultural region with ancient traditional medicine. There is extensive knowledge of the use of medicinal plants for wound healing in this region. Nevertheless, many of these medicinal plants lack pharmacological, toxicological, and chemical studies. This review focuses on the ethnomedicinal, phytochemical, and pharmacological...
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Genus Cistus L. (Cistaceae) occurs mainly in the Mediterranean region. Many plants of this genus have been used in different folk medicines since ancient times, mainly against peptic ailments and skin disorders, such as burns, wounds, and infections. Over the last years, Cistus species have attracted great interest due to the variety of their bioac...
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Cuminum cyminum L. essential oil (cumin EO) was studied for its chemical composition, antioxidant and vibriocidal activities. Inhibition of biofilm formation and secretion of some virulence properties controlled by the quorum sensing system in Chromobacterium violaceum and Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains were also reported. The obtained results show...
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The roots of Sophora tonkinensis Gagnep., a traditional Chinese medicine, is known as Shan Dou Gen in the Miao ethnopharmacy. A large number of previous studies have suggested the usage of S. tonkinensis in the folk treatment of lung, stomach, and throat diseases, and the roots of S. tonkinensis have been produced as Chinese patent medicines to tre...
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The Cymbopogon genus belongs to the Andropoganeae family of the family Poaceae, which is famous for its high essential oil concentration. Cymbopogon possesses a diverse set of characteristics that supports its applications in cosmetic, pharmaceuticals and phytotherapy. The purpose of this review is to summarize and connect the evidence supporting t...
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Turmeric (Curcuma longa) has been a famous root crop for its medicinal properties since pre-historical times. Lack of effective therapeutics for most viral diseases, higher cost of some antiviral therapies, and the emergence of antiviral drug resistance are increasingly reported. Drug resistance is predicted to be a leading cause of mortality globa...
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Plant preparations are said to be medicinal or herbal when they are used to promote health beyond basic nutrition. It is indeed quite interesting to observe that our ancients were duly equipped with the vast, in depth and elaborated knowledge of drugs from the vegetable origin but unfortunately they possessed a scanty knowledge with regard to the p...
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Radix Asteris (RA), also known as ‘Zi Wan’, is the dried root and rhizome of Aster tataricus L. f., which has been used to treat cough and asthma in many countries such as China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam. This article summarizes the available information on RA in ancient Chinese medicine books and modern research literature: its botanical propertie...
Conference Paper
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Amurthashtaka kwatha, is an Ayurvedic polyherbal formulation used in the treatment of fever associated with inflammation. It is made up of eight plants including the bark of Azadirachta indica, seeds of Holarrhena antidysenterica, heart wood of Santalum album, stem of Tinospora cordifolia, whole plant of Trichosanthes cucumerina and rhizomes of Zin...
Article
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For centuries, traditional medicine from plants (phytotherapy) was the only treatment for infectious and non-infectious diseases. Although it is still practiced in several countries with excellent therapeutic results, it is frequently underestimated because, unlike Western medicine, it is not based on an empirical scientific foundation. However, in...
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Plants are natural sources of readily available phytochemicals which possesses interesting biological activities. The plant Diodia scandens is a creeping and straggling perennial herb commonly dispersed in tropical Africa, tropical Asia and some parts of Cameroon, Congo and Nigeria. It is used traditionally in the treatment of several disease c...
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The Broussonetia genus (Moraceae), recognized for its value in many Chinese traditional herbs, mainly includes Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L’Hér. ex Vent. (BP), Broussonetia kazinoki Siebold (BK), and Broussonetia luzonica (Blanco) Bureau (BL). Hitherto, researchers have found 338 compounds isolated from BP, BK, and BL, which included flavonoids,...
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Carica papaya L. (family: Caricaceae), also known as 'papaya,' is a tropical American fruit tree. Due to the bioactive components (carpaines, BITC, benzyl glucosinolates, latex, papain, ze-axanthin, choline, etc.) in its seeds, leaves, and fruits, it is revered for its excellent antioxidant, digestive , and nutraceutical benefits. Papayas are high...
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Genus Lactuca L. belongs to one of the major families of flowering plants, Asteraceae. It includes about 150 species, distributed in warm and temperate areas, commonly in the Northern Hemisphere. Since ancient times, numerous Lactuca L. species have been cultivated for their economic and medicinal significance. Cultivated lettuce (Lactuca sativa),...
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Brazil has the most incredible biodiversity globally and has a vast storehouse of molecules to be discovered. However, there are no pharmacological and phytochemical studies on most native plants. Parts of Schinopsis brasiliensis Engler, a tree from the Anacardiaceae family, are used by several traditional communities to treat injuries and health p...
Article
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Dillenia pentagyna often known as ‘Karmal’ is a member of Dilleniaceae. Different parts of the plant have been used by tribal communities to treat a broad spectrum of ailments. The plant reports the presence of some vital therapeutic compounds such as botulin, botulinic acid, botulinic acid, morolic acid, lupeol, diploic acid, etc. Some of the majo...
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Combretaceae is a large Angiosperm family that is highly sought after because of its pronounced medicinal value. Combretum is recognized as the largest genus, prevalent in southern Africa due to its extensive use in traditional medicine. This study aimed to provide a comparative analysis of the phytochemical constituents of the leaf and stembark ex...
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Combretum leprosum is a plant species with wide distribution in Brazil known as "mofumbo", standing out in studies associated with its pharmacological and ethnobotanical activity. The medicinal applications of the species are widely reported in the literature, using the bark, leaves and flowers as healing agents. Given the economic, pharmacological...