Science topics: MedicinePhysiotherapy
Science topic

Physiotherapy - Science topic

Group for those interested in the diagnosis and treatment of MSK and neurological conditions.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Physiotherapy (10,000)
Sorted by most recent
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Cerebral palsy is a common childhood neurodevelopmental disorder. The estimated prevalence of cerebral palsy in India ranges from 2.1 to 3 per 1000 live births as per published literature. The present study was aimed to study socio-demographic and clinical profiles of cerebral palsy children in the Gujarat state of India. Materials and met...
Article
Full-text available
Background To realize the broader benefits of electronic patient-reported outcome measures (ePROMs) in routine care, we used the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance) framework to inform the translation of a clinically effective ePROM system (hereafter referred to as the PRM system) into practice. The study aimed...
Article
Full-text available
Osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO) is a complex disease commonly seen in the elderly. We found that resistance training may improve bone mineral density, skeletal muscle mass, and body fat percentage in patients with OSO. Therefore, resistance training is beneficial for elderly OSO patients and is worth being promoted. Purpose Investigate effects of re...
Article
Full-text available
Background The benefits of exercise and staying active are widely reported in the literature, however adherence and engagement with exercise amongst people with long-term illness and diabetes is poor. Physiotherapy aims to promote independence and physical activity using a range of strategies, including manual therapy and education/advice on exerci...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patient journey maps are increasingly used as a tool that enables healthcare providers to refine their service provision to best meet patient needs. We developed a cervical dystonia patient journey map (CDPJM) that describes the holistic patient experience from pre-diagnosis through to long-term treatment. Methods The CDPJM was develope...
Article
Full-text available
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common inherited disease in Caucasian populations, affecting around 50,000 patients in Europe and 30,000 in United States. A mutation in CF trans-membrane conductance regulator ( CFTR ) gene changes a protein (a regulated chloride channel), which is expressed in many tissues. Defective CFTR results in reduced chlori...
Article
Full-text available
Background Italy was the first European country to experience a massive outbreak of Sars-coV-2 in March 2020. Severe measures were introduced to face the pandemic, significantly impacting all healthcare services, including pediatric palliative care (PPC) networks. We investigated how the Covid-19 pandemic modified the provision of PPC services in F...
Article
Full-text available
Physiotherapy competencies inform the education and regulation of the profession. Many different methods appear to be used to identify competencies and there is no consensus on optimal methods to identify competencies. The purpose of this review is to synthesize the methodological approaches used to identify competencies for the physiotherapy profe...
Article
Full-text available
Background Studies have demonstrated that elderly people with low back pain (LBP) may have poor postural control compared to healthy older adults. Poor postural control is associated with poor balance performance and a high risk of serious falls. A variety of training strategies are proposed for LBP therapy, particularly core stabilization training...
Article
Full-text available
Aicardi syndrome is an X-linked-dominant genetic condition that is present almost exclusively in females. To diagnose Aicardi syndrome, the classic triad of agenesis of the corpus callosum, infantile spasms, and chorioretinal lacunae must be present. Here, we described a case of a female newborn baby delivered at 36 weeks of gestation that arrived...
Article
Full-text available
Background Persistent postural perceptual dizziness (PPPD) is a common and disabling functional neuro-vestibular disorder. We aimed to determine the feasibility and acceptability of conducting a randomised controlled trial of cognitive-behavioural therapy informed vestibular rehabilitation (INVEST intervention) designed for persistent dizziness. M...
Article
Full-text available
Objective This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to analyze and synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of virtual reality (VR) interventions in the prevention of pain, fear and anxiety during burn wound care procedures. Methods In September and October 2021, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched for releva...
Article
Full-text available
Background Physiotherapy is recommended for people with tennis elbow, but whilst a wide array of treatments is available, the optimal approach remains uncertain. We have therefore recently developed an optimised physiotherapy treatment package for tennis elbow based on a synthesis of the evidence, patient input and clinical consensus. It consists o...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Age-related problems, including cardiovascular diseases such as stroke, are among the most common causes of disability worldwide. Stroke causes musculoskeletal disorders, including motor deficits in the upper and lower limbs. Rehabilitation therapies are considered the most effective treatment for promoting functional recovery. Rehabilitation robot...
Article
Full-text available
Background Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common reasons for primary care visits and is the leading contributor to years lived with disability worldwide. The purpose of this study was to understand the perspectives of patients and primary care team members related to their experiences with a new physiotherapist-led primary care model for LB...
Article
Full-text available
Students’ health profession education includes learning at the workplace through placements. For students, participating in daily work activities in interaction with supervisors, co-workers and peers is a valuable practice to learn the expertise that is needed to become a health care professional. To contribute to the understanding of HPE-students’...
Article
Full-text available
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is an epithelial malignancy involving many anatomical sites and is the most common cancer capable of metastatic spread. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) can involved several different anatomic sites, including the skin, lips, mouth, esophagus, urinary tract, prostate, lungs, vagina, and cervix.Of these anatomic sites, the...
Article
Full-text available
As planetary health education enters medical and health professional training, transversal implementation across curricula is critical in developing its full potential and enabling future health professionals to meet the social, environmental, and health challenges of current and future generations in an integrated manner. To advance the transversa...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Satisfaction is basically the state of being gratified and act of fulfilling one’s need or desires. Nowadays, evidence-based practice concept is prevailing and there has been a growing interest in the measurement of patient satisfaction in healthcare research. Patient satisfaction surveys provide several benefits for healthcare professi...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The therapeutic process requires from the physiotherapist skills beyond those of technical mastery. Health communication skills, proven to be in continuous development since the initial stage of training, determine the importance of their pre-graduate teaching. Objetive: To evaluate the effectiveness of a health communication skills t...
Article
Full-text available
Background The proportion of the world's elderly population continues to rise, and the treatment and improvement of neurodegenerative diseases have become issue of public health importance as people live longer and many countries have aging populations. This systematic review aims to discuss the effects of dance movement therapy (DMT) on motor func...
Article
Full-text available
Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder of the nervous system that affects movement. Individuals with PD commonly experience difficulty initiating movements, slowness of movements, decreased balance, and decreased standing ability. It has been shown that these motor symptoms adversely affect the independence of individua...
Article
Full-text available
Background To measure the specific effectiveness of a given treatment in a randomised controlled trial, the intervention and control groups have to be similar in all factors not distinctive to the experimental treatment. The similarity of these non-specific factors can be defined as an equality assumption. The purpose of this review was to evaluate...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) compared to other non-surgical therapeutic strategies for patients with frozen shoulder contracture syndrome (FSCS). Methods: A systematic review of literature was conducted. A literature search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, PEDro, Cochrane Central Library and Scopus. O...
Article
Full-text available
Background Vibration therapy is one of the rehabilitation programs that may be effective in treating both motor and non-motor symptoms in Multiple Sclerosis patients. We conducted a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the effects of vibration therapy on motor and non-motor symptoms (functional mobility, balance, walking endu...
Article
Full-text available
Long COVID-19 has been defined as the condition occurring in individuals with a history of probable or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, with related symptoms lasting at least 2 months and not explainable by an alternative diagnosis. The practice of digital physiotherapy presents itself as a promising complementary treatment method to standard physio...
Article
Full-text available
Hirayama disease is a rare form or myelopathy caused by dynamic compression of the spinal cord in flexion position of the neck. It is a benign and non-progressive condition affecting male adolescents and characterized by wasting of intrinsic muscle of the hands and forearms. This benign focal cervical poliopathy is caused by forward displacement of...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic introduced a global need to explore the potential and challenges of online education. Objective To evaluate the presence of depression and anxiety in university students and their level of satisfaction with online learning during the period of social isolation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Method A cross-sectio...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Proximal humerus fractures are the third most common fractures in adult patients. In developed economies, there is a tendency to increase the number of these fractures due to the aging population. Physical therapy is recognized as an important component in the management regardless of the fracture type or treatment protocol. The purpose of...
Article
Full-text available
Background Since 2006, business principles have been introduced to foster efficient healthcare by way of managed competition. Managed competition is expressed by a contract between a health insurer and a physiotherapy primary healthcare organisation (PTPHO). In such a managed environment, PTPHOs have to attain treatment service quality and financia...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cancer is a huge group of diseases that can affect various body parts of humans but also has a psychological, societal, and economic impact. Physical activity can improve the quality of life (QOL) and immunity, while moderate intensity exercise can reduce the probability of this lethal disease. The current study aimed to determine the ef...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Many assessment methods are used in physiotherapy to analyze the fitness level and injury risk in athletes, and to determine the general health status and the effectiveness of the treatment applied in patients. Considering the need for telehealth use, it is essential to determine the usability of tests performed as tele-assessment. Thi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Scoliosis is a three-dimensional condition that causes deformity of the spine in the coronal, transverse and sagittal planes. It has been well-documented that scoliosis can impact patients’ HRQoL including causing pain, impairments in self-image and function as well as have impacts on mental health, all of which have been shown to improve through P...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) for both patients and the surgical team is a journey spanning many months, rather than purely a hospital episode of care. To improve patient outcomes and reduce costs in TKA, greater emphasis should be placed on the pre- and postoperative periods as, historically, innovation has focused on the intraoperati...
Article
Full-text available
Background Evidence has demonstrated that endurance training (ET) reduces the motor signs of Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, there has not been a comprehensive meta-analysis of studies to date. Objective The aim of this study was to compare the effect of ET versus nonactive and active control conditions on motor signs as assessed by either the...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is an increasing trend towards person-centred care (PCC) worldwide, suggesting that PCC should be mastered by future health care professionals. This study aims to explore programme directors’ views on facilitators and barriers to implementing PCC in four of the largest national study programmes in Sweden training future health care...
Article
Full-text available
Korean healthcare service is divided into conventional medicine and traditional Korean medicine (TKM). This cross-sectional study compared the older population (65 years and older) with two groups of the general population (19–50 years and 51–64 years) to understand the current patterns in the use of TKM services by the older population. Using data...
Article
Full-text available
Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome (DDMS) is an uncommon neurological disease defined as cerebral hemiatrophy with a contralateral motor deficit, facial asymmetry, and seizures. Classic imaging findings are cerebral hypoplasia, ventriculomegaly, paranasal sinus hyper-pneumatization, and compensatory osseous enlargement. The diagnosis of DDMS is based on...
Article
Full-text available
A 60-year-old female underwent a right total knee arthroplasty but developed postoperative pain, swelling, and decreased knee range of motion. An ultrasound scan showed findings suggestive of fat necrosis at the site of previous tourniquet application. Following regular reviews, intensive physiotherapy, and analgesia, symptoms only started to resol...
Article
Full-text available
People with central nervous shortages, such as MS can utilize appropriate training approaches that improve their ability to accomplish activities in daily life. The MS symptoms and disease progression in People with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS) are different, and each has its development speed. It is essential to accommodate adaptive training with pat...
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionSub-capital femoral fractures (SCFF) are impacted or non-displaced in Garden types 1 and 2, respectively. Non-surgical treatment is protected weight-bearing combined with physiotherapy and radiographic follow-up in selected patients. Traditionally, in situ pinning is the surgical treatment of choice. The aim of this study was to estimat...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the paper is to study and analyse the annual dynamics of blood lipid parameters in highly qualified physical training. An experiment is a leading method for studying this problem that allows considering the problem comprehensively and in practice, as well as a comparison method, which makes it possible to analyse common features and...
Article
Full-text available
Bronchiectasis is a form of airway damage as a consequence of endobronchial infection and inflammation and may be present in different diseases. The underlying aetiologies include both cystic fibrosis (CF) and a group of non-cystic fibrosis diseases (NCFB) such as immunodeficiency, primary ciliary dyskinesia, or severe pulmonary infection. Although...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeThe intent of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effects of Traditional Chinese Exercise (TCE) on mental health and drug cravings in drug rehabilitees.Methods Six electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycArticles, and CNKI) were searched to identify the potential literature from inception to...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cervical radiculopathy is a clinical condition that affects the nerve roots and is frequently brought on by inflammatory or compressive disease. Although many alternative techniques have been proposed for reducing patients' pain and disabilities, manual therapy has been proven to be an efficient method. The goal of the current study was...
Article
Full-text available
Dyspnea experienced in the upright position which is relieved in the supine position, is known as Platypnea. Accompanying desaturation in the arterial blood associated with Platypnea is known as orthodeoxia. Various causes of Platypnea orthodeoxia syndrome, such as hepatopulmonary syndrome, patent foramen ovale and atrial septal defects, are well d...
Article
Full-text available
Posterosuperior calcaneal prominence, also known as Haglund's deformity, can often lead to retrocalcaneal bursitis, a significant cause of posterior heel pain. Surgery is indicated for symptomatic patients, after a period of conservative treatment including analgesia, physiotherapy, activity, and shoe wear modification has failed. Surgical options...
Poster
Full-text available
Interprofessional Education (IPE), in the context of healthcare, is a partnership between students of all health science courses in a collaborative and coordinated approach where they are able to share decision-making and opinions regarding health and social issues 1. It occurs when 2 or more professions learn with, from and about each other to imp...
Article
Full-text available
Ultrasound-guided needle placement into the cervical intervertebral discs using a lateral-to-medial approach is reportedly possible. Clinically, however, patients commonly present with very high uncovertebral joints or narrowed intervertebral spaces, making the method difficult or impossible. This report presents a novel ultrasound-guided needle pl...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction and importance: Granulomatous Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection Causes Secondary Knee Oste- oarthritis is still a point of contention in terms of therapy, whether it is done early in the first stage or later in the second stage of knee surgery. Early Total Knee Arthroplasty as a therapy for secondary knee osteoarthritis induced by G...
Article
Full-text available
The effects and the prescription parameters of therapeutic exercise are not clear. For this reason, is needed to determine the effect of therapeutic exercises on the motor function of children with Down Syndrome (DS) aged 0 to 3 years. The present study is systematic review and meta-analysis of effectiveness outcomes in this population: gait, balan...
Article
Full-text available
The promotion of physical activity (PA) by health professionals is a key strategy to increase PA levels in the population. In this study, we investigated PA promotion, preparedness, and knowledge among university nursing and allied health students and staff, as well as PA resource usage within curricula, before and after an educational intervention...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the multifactorial etiology of scoliosis, a comprehensive treatment plan is essential for conservative management. Physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercise (PSSE) methods have lately gained popularity for the conservative treatment of scoliosis. The aim of this study was to analyze the PSSE methodologies used for conservative treatment...
Article
Full-text available
Rodrigues ESR, Moreira RDeF, Rezende AAB et al. Sedentarismo e tabagismo em pacientes com doenças... Português/Inglês Rev enferm UFPE on line., Recife, 8(3):591-9, mar., 2014 591 RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a prevalência de sedentarismo e tabagismo em pacientes ingressantes no atendimento de fisioterapia. Método: estudo transversal, com 108 pacientes...
Article
Full-text available
Introdução: A hipertensão arterial sistêmica é uma doença causadora de grandes impactos na saúde individual e coletiva. A reabilitação cardíaca é reconhecida como um método eficaz para tratar e controlar a doença. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da reabilitação cardíaca em pacientes hipertensos. Material e Método: Foi desenvolvido um estudo transversa...
Article
Full-text available
Background With an increasingly ageing population in Australia, more older adults who are frail are living in residential aged care facilities (RACFs). The aim of this study was to detail the type, scope, and funding of physiotherapy utilised in Australian RACFs. Methods Registered physiotherapists ( n = 219, 72% female, mean age (SD) = 38.6 (12.9...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In patients with a range of respiratory disorders such as chronic bronchitis, active cycle of breathing techniques which includes cycle of breathing control, thoracic expansion exercises and forced expiratory technique (FET), appears to have beneficial effects. Objectives: To determine the effectiveness of active cycle of breathing tec...
Article
Full-text available
Neurological physiotherapy adopts a problem-based approach for each patient as determined by a thorough evaluation of the patient’s physical and mental well-being. Τhis work aims to provide a literature review of physical therapy interventions in the elderly with neurological diseases (NDs) and discuss physiotherapy procedures and methods that util...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMO Introdução:A abordagem das lesões teciduais agudas com a aplicação de gelo é prática rotineira, entretanto, ainda não há consenso sobre qual é o tempo de aplicação ideal para que as temperaturas alvo sejam obtidas, qual a frequência de aplicação e a duração do tratamento das lesões agudas com crioterapia de modo que os resultados sejam maxim...