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Publications related to Physical Sciences (10,000)
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Purpose The purpose of the study detailed here was to engage with Directors of Centres for Doctoral Training (CDTs) during the first year of their new Centres to form a snapshot view of the nature and type of training that was being incorporated and how this might affect the wider institution – in this case the university. Using an organisational l...
Article
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This qualitative case study explored how exposure to Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL) improves 11th grade physical sciences learners' competency in solving stoichiometry problems. Two township schools of low socioeconomic status in Pretoria, South Africa, were conveniently and purposively sampled. Two classes (N = 48) composed of mu...
Preprint
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The problem of computing the rate of diffusion-aided activated barrier crossings between metastable states is one of broad relevance in physical sciences. The transition path formalism aims to compute the rate of these events by analysing the statistical properties of the transition path between the two metastable regions concerned. In this paper,...
Preprint
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Studying basic parameters of heat and thermodynamics may explore new principles in science. Gaseous and solid atoms under transitional behaviors can explore remarkable advances in chemical and physical sciences. An anomaly in the first law of thermodynamics can be recognized explicitly when the transitional behaviors of atoms are in the study. By g...
Book
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Universe leap into the multiverse, Buddhism and science help us to imagine it and, perhaps, to try it... From the most profound Buddhist teachings to the results and speculations of modern physical science, all agree on the model of a universe underpinned by a quantum weave, immersed in a multiverse. The purpose of this work of spirituality-fiction...
Article
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This study investigated how an intervention consisting of a series of physical science lessons embedded within the elementary science methods course impacted elementary preservice teachers’ (N = 473) science content knowledge as evidenced in their scaled scores for the science content component of a standardized subject certification examinations f...
Chapter
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The Meric system as named and defined here is an organization of the “virtues” (Ladin. Meric) of ethics and diano-ethics, namely ethical and cognitive faculties of human beings just as the division in Aristotle’s system. Like the metric system, the Meric system too promises to give the exact “mereological” measures of the divisions and the relation...
Book
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This book entitled ‘Recent Development and Techniques in Physical Sciences’ is presented as a guideline to help researchers to get acquainted with the new inventions and theories in the field of Physical Sciences. Physical Science is a collective term for areas of study which includes Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science, Mathematics, Statistics, M...
Preprint
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Noise and uncertainty are usually the enemy of machine learning, noise in training data leads to uncertainty and inaccuracy in the predictions. However, we develop a machine learning architecture that extracts crucial information out of the noise itself to improve the predictions. The phenomenology computes and then utilizes uncertainty in one targ...
Article
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Noise and uncertainty are usually the enemy of machine learning, noise in training data leads to uncertainty and inaccuracy in the predictions. However, we develop a machine learning architecture that extracts crucial information out of the noise itself to improve the predictions. The phenomenology computes and then utilizes uncertainty in one targ...
Article
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This work employs a novel variation of the Sardar sub-equation approach to investigate the optical solitons for the nonlinear Hirota-Schrodinger equation. Different soliton solutions, including bright solitons, dark solitons, singular solitons, combined bright-singular solitons, periodic, exponential, and rational solutions are derived along with n...
Conference Paper
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Contemporary global challenges require experts from various disciplines to work together. Since every field of knowledge has its unique language and discipline-based culture, collaborative inquiry presents an additional challenge during such collaboration. Ideally, collaborators from each discipline can transcend their respective linguistic and cul...
Article
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Undergraduate students pursuing STEM careers have varied perceptions of how mathematics is used in their careers. A survey of community college students enrolled in College Algebra measured interest in mathematics and interest in STEM-related careers, as well as a student's perception of how mathematics was used (or not) in their chosen career. Ana...
Article
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The phenomenal success of physics in explaining nature and engineering machines is predicated on low dimensional deterministic models that accurately describe a wide range of natural phenomena. Physics provides computational rules that govern physical systems and the interactions of the constituents therein. Led by Deep Neural Networks (DNNs), Arti...
Article
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In this paper, we are interested in the study of the use of the Electronics Workbench (EWB) simulator in the study of amplitude modulation and demodulation. We conducted a study with 50 Moroccan students in the second year of the scientific baccalaureate option physical sciences at the high school Abdellah Laroui of the city of Fez. Using the pre-t...
Article
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Background To inform STEM education for benefiting emerging bilingual (EB) and English fluent (EF) students, the present study evaluated the order effects of integrating science and arts within a large-scale, ongoing effort investigating the efficacies of Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)-aligned Science Technology, Engineering, and Math (ST...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to find out how well Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, undergraduates are aware of and utilise free educational materials. Consequently, four (4) study objectives were developed to address the amount of awareness, level of use, purpose, and challenges connected with students’ use of OERs. The study adopted a descriptive...
Article
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Honeycomb is one of nature's best engineered structures. Even though it has inspired several modern engineering structures, an understanding of the process by which the hexagonal cells are formed in 3D space is lacking. Previous studies on the structure of the honeycomb are based on either 2D microscopy or by direct visual observations. As a result...
Preprint
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Droplet microfluidics has become a powerful tool in life sciences, underlying digital assays, single-cell sequencing or directed evolution, and it is making foray in physical sciences as well. Imaging and incubation of droplets are crucial, yet they are encumbered by the poor optical, thermal and mechanical properties of PDMS - the de facto materia...
Article
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The symmetry breaking (SB) of B2 not only exhibits an energy barrier for ionic or neutral forms dependent on various basis sets but it also exhibits a few SBs due to the asymmetry stretching and bending mode interactions. SB obeys the mechanical quantum theorem among discrete symmetries and their connection to the spin statistics in physical scienc...
Preprint
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Would you rather search for a line inside a cube or a point inside a square? This type of solution degeneracy often exists in physics-based simulations and wet-lab experiments, but constraining these degeneracies is often unsupported or difficult to implement in many optimization packages, requiring additional time and expertise. So, are the possib...
Article
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This article deals with the study of the multi-index Wright generalized Bessel function (or Bessel–Maitland function) \({\mathbb {J}}^{(\alpha _{\mathtt {j}})_{\mathtt {m}},~\varsigma ,~\mathtt {c}}_{(\beta _{\mathtt {j}})_{\mathtt {m}},~\mathtt {k},~\mathtt {b}}(.) \) where \((\mathtt {j}=1,2,\ldots ,\mathtt {m})\) with the relation of pathway fra...
Article
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Controlling the macroscopic properties of materials, particularly quantum materials, via external inputs such as optical fields is a key goal of modern physical science. The Faraday Discussion presented a cross section of current experimental and theoretical progress with mostly ultrashort pulse excitations with frequencies ranging from the X-ray t...
Article
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Recent advances in deep convolutional neural network (CNN)-based super resolution can be used to downscale atmospheric chemistry simulations with substantially higher accuracy than conventional downscaling methods. This work both demonstrates the downscaling capabilities of modern CNN-based single image super resolution and video super-resolution s...
Article
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‘Mapping accounts’ of applied mathematics hold that the application of mathematics in physical science is best understood in terms of ‘mappings’ between mathematical structures and physical structures. In this paper, I suggest that mapping accounts rely on the assumption that the mathematics relevant to any application of mathematics in empirical s...
Article
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The decision to integrate Nature of Science into classroom practice is no longer a debate among science educators and curriculum experts. There exists empirical evidence to substantiate its effectiveness, judging by both the academic performance and ability of students to conceptualize abstract yet teachable areas in science. Curriculum and Assessm...
Article
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Harvesting water from ambient air has been an emerging technology to address the critical challenge of water shortage at a global scale. In a recent study published in Cell Reports Physical Science, Wang and colleagues created a novel solar-driven atmospheric water harvester featuring a hydrogel-based composite sorbent (PCLG) and a rationally desig...
Article
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Type-2 fuzzy sets possess higher capability of capturing uncertainties than ordinary fuzzy sets due to the presence of secondary membership degree. As a consequence, type-2 fuzzy set has remarkably progressed as a promising tool for dealing uncertainties in both theoretical as well as practical perspectives of various domains, like engineering, soc...
Article
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Recent research on biosystems at the nanoscale has created one of the most dynamic science and technology domains at the confluence of physical sciences, molecular engineering, biology, biotechnology, and medicine. The primary purpose of the study is to distinguish the differences in two different charging pile product shapes from the viewpoint of...
Article
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Lab-based microCT is a powerful means of visualising the internal structure of physical specimens deployed across the physical sciences, engineering and the arts. As its popularity has grown, demand for bulk digitisation of multiple samples within a single scan has increased. High throughput workflows can increase sample sizes and reduce scan time,...
Article
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While literature suggests that video lectures or vodcasts may alleviate the disadvantaged situation of students under the modular distance learning modalities (MDLMs) that are implemented in the Philippines amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, there is no local purposive study examining the influence of vodcasts on science achievement. This study aims to...
Preprint
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The prediction of product translational, vibrational, and rotational energy distributions for arbitrary initial conditions for reactive atom+diatom collisions is of considerable practical interest in atmospheric re-entry. Due to the large number of accessible states, determination of the necessary information from explicit (quasi-classical or quant...
Article
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The knowledge economy requires a revolution in doctoral education. This article generalizes a triple helix model of doctoral education based on the existing literature. Further, it conducts a case study of a Center for Doctoral Training sponsored by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council in the United Kingdom. This research adopts d...
Article
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While literature suggests that video lectures or vodcasts may alleviate the disadvantaged situation of students under the modular distance learning modalities (MDLMs) that are implemented in the Philippines amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, there is no local purposive study examining the influence of vodcasts on science achievement. This study aims to...
Article
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Supervised and unsupervised kernel-based algorithms broadly used in physical sciences rely upon the notion of similarity. Their reliance on pre-defined distance metrics - e.g., the Euclidean or Manhattan distance - are problematic especially when used in combination with high-dimensional feature vectors for which the similarity measure does not wel...
Article
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This paper shares findings from a teacher designed physics and computing unit that engaged students in learning physics and computing concurrently thru inquiry. Using scientific inquiry skills and practices, students were tasked with assessing the validity of local rollercoaster g-force ratings as posted to the public. Students used computational e...
Article
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Electromyography (EMG) is a multidisciplinary field that brings together allied health (kinesiology and physical therapy) and the engineering sciences (biomedical and electrical). Since the physical sciences are used in the measurement of a biological process, the presentation of the theoretical foundations of EMG is most conveniently conducted usi...
Article
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Applied machine learning has rapidly spread throughout the physical sciences. In fact, machine learning-based data analysis and experimental decision-making have become commonplace. Here, we reflect on the ongoing shift in the conversation from proving that machine learning can be used, to how to effectively implement it for advancing materials sci...
Article
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Background Direct evaluation of vascular inflammation in patients with COVID-19 would facilitate more efficient trials of new treatments and identify patients at risk of long-term complications who might respond to treatment. We aimed to develop a novel artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted image analysis platform that quantifies cytokine-driven va...
Article
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Geography is most useful and discipline all over world , geography as a subject mathematics, political science, physical science, chemistry, biology, and environmental climate all are related to geography this subjects vary useful to application and opportunities now's a days. Geographica l various application Gis application as that one discipline...
Article
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It is important for students to understand force concepts because they are central to learning physics and other sciences; however, students find it difficult to understand. There are calls for teachers to tap into their professional knowledge and develop beliefs that help them assist students comprehend the topic. To meet this challenge, teachers’...
Preprint
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.Forensics is a term that can be used by both the physical and digital world. In the physical world, forensics is associated with physical science investigations such as DNA examination and bloodstains. On the other hand, the digital world consists of seizure, analysis, and protection of digital evidence that can be obtained from physical or virtua...
Article
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Developing students’ understanding of and about science is an important educational goal. Learning the nature of science (NOS) has been recognized as a critical component of science literacy, affecting how students (our future citizens) make informed decisions. Textbooks can be useful teaching materials if the content presented aligns with curricul...
Article
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By using an independent self-assembly process that is occasionally controlled by evaporation, cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) may create films (pure or in conjunction with other materials) that have iridescent structural colors. The self-forming chiral nematic structures and environmental safety of a new class of photonic liquid crystals (LCs), refer...
Article
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The inflammation around poorly osseointegrated bioimplant is one of the root causes of its failure. Therefore, the biomedical industry constantly strives for new ways to develop bioactive surfaces in permanent implants to enhance the service life. In this regard, implant surface modification at micro/nanoscales is carried out to enrich substrate wi...
Article
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2D electrical resistivity imaging technique has been used to investigate the nature and dimensions of the fracture prone zones in Isu-Awaa, Enugu State, Nigeria. The study area lies within Latitude 06° 14 I 0 II N to 06° 17 I 0 II N and Longitudes 007° 23 I 0 II E to 007° 28 I 0 II E, with an area extent of about 51 Km 2. The area is underlain by t...
Article
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The estimation of parameters from data is a common problem in many areas of the physical sciences, and frequently used algorithms rely on sets of simulated data which are fit to data. In this article, an analytic solution for simulation-based parameter estimation problems is presented. The matrix formalism, termed the Linear Template Fit , calculat...
Article
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Framed as an autoethnography, this study builds upon my personal and academic journey from 'being' an international student in the United States to 'becoming' a scholar who studies issues of international student mobility. Through a comprehensive dataset comprised of self-reflection, personal communications, published and unpublished scholarly work...
Article
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The variant Boussinesq equation has significant application in propagating long waves on the surface of the liquid layer under gravity action. In this article, the improved Bernoulli subequation function (IBSEF) method and the new auxiliary equation (NAE) technique are introduced to establish general solutions, some fundamental soliton solutions ac...
Article
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This study applied cognitive diagnostic models to assess students' learning progressions in energy. A Q-matrix (i.e., an item attribute alignment table) was proposed based on existing literature about learning progressions of energy in the physical science domain and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) assessment frame...
Preprint
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Einstein is a great scientist in the physical science world. But we ask some basic questions about his theories and we tried to give suitable answers for each and every questions in this paper. We discuss about gravity in which Einstein's definition needs a renovation having physically solid foundations. We described about this topic in this paper....
Article
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Purpose This paper aims to examine the global pattern of growth and development of eHealth research based on publication headcount, and analysis of the characteristics, of the keywords used by authors and indexers to represent their research content during 1945–2019. Design/methodology/approach This study adopted a bibliometric research design and...
Preprint
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There are many practical applications based on the Least Square Error (LSE) or Total Least Square Error (TLSE) methods. Usually the standard least square error is used due to its simplicity, but it is not an optimal solution, as it does not optimize distance, but square of a distance. The TLSE method, respecting the orthogonality of a distance meas...
Research
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The scope of the contributions to this Special Issue will include new and original research motivated by real-world problems. The articles will focus on approximate inference, methods, and statistical applications in a wide range of areas, including finance, economics, environmetrics, biological, psychonometrics, social sciences, physical sciences,...
Chapter
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1.0 Introduction Chemistry, is a branch of physical sciences that deals with the study of the nature, composition, and the properties of matter. Chemistry may also be defined as the study of matter and its properties, the changes that matter undergoes, and the energy associated with those changes. Thus Chemistry deals with the makeup of the entire...
Article
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This technical summary complements and expands the key findings of the Working Group (WG) II contribution to the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) presented in the Summary for Policymakers and covers literature accepted for publication by 1 September 2021. It provides technical understanding and is developed from the key findings of chapters and cross-...
Article
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Crystal nucleation is one of the most fundamental processes in the physical sciences and almost always occurs heterogeneously with the aid of a nucleating substrate. No example of nucleation is more ubiquitous and impactful than the formation of ice, vital to fields as diverse as geology, biology, aeronautics, and climate science. However, despite...
Article
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Background Real-time prediction is key to prevention and control of infections associated with health-care settings. Contacts enable spread of many infections, yet most risk prediction frameworks fail to account for their dynamics. We developed, tested, and internationally validated a real-time machine-learning framework, incorporating dynamic pati...
Article
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Background We aimed to explore the effectiveness of one-dose BNT162b2 vaccination upon SARS-CoV-2 infection, its effect on COVID-19 presentation, and post-vaccination symptoms in children and adolescents (CA) in the UK during periods of Delta and Omicron variant predominance. Methods In this prospective longitudinal cohort study, we analysed data...
Preprint
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Preprints are research articles shared in the public domain before formal publication in an academic journal. They are housed in online repositories known as preprint servers, the largest and most well-established of which include arXiv (physical sciences), bioRxiv (biological sciences), SSRN (social sciences), and Research Square (multidisciplinar...
Article
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Background The University of California system has a novel tenure-track education-focused faculty position called Lecturer with Security of Employment (working titles: Teaching Professor or Professor of Teaching). We focus on the potential difference in implementation of active-learning strategies by faculty type, including tenure-track education-f...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to study a class of superoscillatory functions in several variables, removing some restrictions on the functions that we introduced in a previous paper. Since the tools that we used with our approach are not common knowledge we will give detailed proof for the case of two variables. The results proved for superoscillatory f...
Technical Report
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In this report we discuss the solution of the following matrix problem: A · x = λ x, where A is a nxn matrix, which may have complex eigenvalues. Matrix problems of this form occur frequently in the solution of differential equations in the physical sciences and engineering. The scalar λ is called an eigenvalue of A if there exists a nonzero column...
Article
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In this article, the applications of the Power Index Method (PIM) are presented to ascertain function solutions of the AKNS equation. We find out adequate explicit general solutions for the AKNS in the form of exponential, trigonometric, and logarithmic functions which have their importance in the physical sciences. We have used function transforma...