Science topics: LinguisticsPhonology
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Phonology - Science topic

Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
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Publications related to Phonology (10,000)
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Lexical borrowing can be looked at as a vital sign that a certain language or variety of a language is lively and progressive, rather than spiritless and regressive. Masquerading under the guise of colloquialism and subscribing to the view that both interlingual and intralingual lexical borrowing can be seen as a linguistic zone of contact, this pa...
Article
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This study conducts a pragmatic analysis of various linguistic deviations skillfully used in Hemingway’s novel The Heart of Darkness. It is confined to the following types of linguistic deviations: internal deviation, lexical deviation, semantic deviation, phonological deviation, morphological deviation, grammatical, and graphological deviation. Al...
Chapter
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Twi (Akan) and English can both express diminutive meaning using a morphological strategy (diminutive suffix) or a syntactic strategy (adjectival construction), but they differ with respect to native-speaker preferences -- morphological in Twi, syntactic in English. Each strategy in Twi, moreover, is associated with different types of complexity (m...
Article
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Studies on German and English have shown that children and adults can rely on phonological and orthographic information from the parafovea during reading, but this reliance differs between ages and languages. In the current study, we investigated the development of phonological and orthographic parafoveal processing during silent reading in Russian...
Article
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Acceptability judgments are a primary source of evidence in formal linguistic research. Within the generative linguistic tradition, these judgments are attributed to evaluation of novel forms based on implicit knowledge of rules or constraints governing well-formedness. In the domain of phonological acceptability judgments, other factors including...
Article
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The literature on the nominal classification system of Mabia languages reveals a consistent pattern where nominals are often classified based on their morphology, phonology and semantics. What has not received mention is the role of ethnolinguistics and linguistic anthropology in the classification of nominals in these languages. This study offers...
Chapter
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This chapter presents a description of Harakmbut, an Amazonian language spoken in southeast Peru, based on existing work as well as original fieldwork. It focuses on its most vital dialect, Arakmbut (Amarakaeri). The discussion of its phonology and phonetics highlights nasality as an important—yet not fully understood—phenomenon. The chapter also p...
Article
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This paper is a first approach to flapping in Spanish. This phenomenon has been traditionally associated with /l/, but recent research has revealed that it is also possible with other coronal consonants, namely /n, d, s/. With this data in mind, we have carried out an acoustic study based on the analysis of a spontaneous speech corpus. Its main goa...
Poster
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The statistical learning (SL) account of reading processes (e.g. Sawi & Rueckl, 2019) proposes that proficient reading relies on assimilating and leveraging regularities in the mapping between orthographic, phonological & semantic information. • Proficient reading has been tied to individual differences in performance in various abstract SL tasks,...
Article
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(1) Like many other Kwa languages, Anum employs a pattern of [ATR] vowel harmony that is regressive and [+ATR] dominant (RVH). This paper analyses RVH as a phrasal process which takes into account recursive phonological phrases. The proposal argues for an application of the process within and across non-maximal phonological phrases (φ) and a blocki...
Article
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The Kerinci dialect has various variations in almost every region. These dialects also have differences, both at the phonological and lexical levels between dialects. However, speakers and interlocutors understand each other when speaking in their respective dialects so that it does not prevent the Kerinci people from communicating with each other....
Article
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When people are asked to create a phrase with the elements {blue, earrings, beautiful}, they produce ‘beautiful blue earrings’. Several theories have been proposed about the origins of this universal tendency to order multiple adjectives in a specific way: an innate universal hierarchy with designated positions for each category of adjectives, sens...
Article
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Task-modality has been found to constrain the production of LREs in adults and children. However, there are no studies with young learners that have offered a comprehensive analysis of LREs. To this end, this paper will examine the effect of task-modality on the features targeted in them, as well as on their level of engagement/elaboration during p...
Article
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This article investigates the Arabic component of the Standard Swahili lexicon, aiming to identify the Omani Arabic dialect which comprises the dominant donor of loanwords to Swahili. I isolate words from this “donor dialect” from other Arabic dialects that have influenced Swahili, and compare this lexical archive with data on the dialectology of O...
Preprint
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Multi-lingual language models (LM), such as mBERT, XLM-R, mT5, mBART, have been remarkably successful in enabling natural language tasks in low-resource languages through cross-lingual transfer from high-resource ones. In this work, we try to better understand how such models, specifically mT5, transfer *any* linguistic and semantic knowledge acros...
Article
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Stressed syllables in languages which have them tend to show two interesting properties: They show patterns of phonetic ‘enhancement’ at the articulatory and acoustic levels, and they also show coordinative properties. They typically play a key role in coordinating speech with co-speech gesture, in coordination with a musical beat, and in other sen...
Article
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There is considerable evidence that word reading in Chinese is predicted by morphological awareness. However, does learning to read contribute conversely to the later development of morphological awareness in Chinese? This two-year longitudinal study of Chinese children from Beijing and Hong Kong demonstrated that word reading predicted morphologic...
Article
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Current research aims to identify 1. Working memory capaity of the university students. 2. Differences in Working memory capacity of university student on the variables type 3. Differences in Working memory capacity of university student on the variables Field of study. tools has been using in the research ، Working memory capacity by a researcher...
Article
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Background Research findings on the reading outcomes of cochlear implants are inconsistent. Controversy was observed in the reading performance of implanted children, both in relation to hearing aid users and normally hearing children. This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the phonological awareness and reading skills of school-aged, severe-t...
Preprint
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Spelling is a fundamental and complex written language skill which relies on numerous sources of information (Berninger et al., 2006; Ehri, 2000; Treiman, 2017; Treiman & Kessler, 2014). Spelling requires the ability to connect the spoken word and its written form and to re-assemble phonological information as orthographic symbols. A good speller m...
Article
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This article presents an overview of several significant aspects of the phonology of Uyghur (ISO: uig; pronounced [ʊjˈʁʊr]; Turkic: China). In addition to summarising previous research, we present new data and highlight its relevance for phonological theory. The paper focuses primarily on the processes of backness harmony, rounding harmony, and vow...
Article
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Learning a language, in our context, a foreign language, French in a country far from native speakers always poses problems for learners. Mastering the phonological, syntactic and lexical structures of a foreign language is always difficult, which can be attributed to the interference of the mother tongue or national language already acquired. For...
Article
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Background Plants use different mechanisms to transport the collected fog water. Leaf traits of wheat play an important role in directing fog water through leaf rolling and leaf angle into the root zone, where it can be stored for consumption. Wheat leaf traits can enhance fog capturing under drought stress. To examine this, 200 wheat genotypes wer...
Article
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We examined the cognitive-linguistic predictors of early literacy development and the extent to which they were similar or different across two logographic orthographies (Chinese and Japanese Kanji). Data from 167 Hong Kong Chinese children and 169 Japanese children were used. Children were tested on cognitive-linguistic skills (phonological awaren...
Article
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The presence of comorbid Irlen syndrome (IS) in children with developmental dyslexia (DD) may have an impact on their reading and cognitive abilities. Furthermore, the brain‐derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) was reported to be expressed in brain areas involved in cognitive and visual processing. The aim of this study was to evaluate some cognitive...
Article
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Purpose: We performed a meta-analysis to examine if children with dyslexia experience deficits in morphological awareness (MA) and if the effect sizes are influenced by different moderators (age, aspect of MA measured, type of MA task, language, modality input, semantic knowledge, and selection criteria). Method: We reviewed 40 studies published...
Chapter
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Event-related potentials (ERPs) represent the ideal methodological approach for investigating the time course of language reading and comprehension processes. In this chapter, various ERP components reflecting orthographic, phonological, semantic, and syntactic processing of written and auditory language are examined. Furthermore, data are shown of...
Article
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Phonological modification of teacher talk is one of crucial things in teaching English as a foreign language for secondary school students. It aims at providing a comprehensible input and language model for students within the efforts of creating effective and meaningful teaching and learning activities designed. Therefore, this study is to explore...
Article
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This paper describes the design, development, and pilot test of an App, and explains how research based strategies and pedagogical approaches can be embedded within an App based format. The aims and scope of the research were to; (a) synthesize research findings on reading comprehension difficulties for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
Article
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It is widely thought that (i) Proto-Indo-European had *- mon -stem nominals formed by internal derivation from neuter *- men -stems and that (ii) these *- mon -stems were characterized by “amphikinetic” inflection, thus stressed full-grade of the root in their strong case forms (*R( é )- mon -). This paper challenges the latter claim, arguing that...
Article
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The pluricentricity of English language, which represents the new normal in the ideological sensibilities of the growing world democracies, presents the world with the obligation to make choices among standards and norms and associated structural and non-structural elements of the language. Making the choices (and not haphazardly) constitutes part...
Article
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This study carried out a review of selected sermons of Bishop David Oyedepo in order to highlight the contexts and pragmatic acts deployed in the sermons, as no scholarly work has been done on Oyedepo’s sermons using Jacob Mey’s pragmatic act theory. The objectives are to ascertain the underlying contexts of the themes in the selected sermons and t...
Article
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Examining changes in the longitudinal relationship between vocabulary knowledge and three types of morphological awareness (MA), a cross-lagged design was conducted with a sample of 146 Chinese children. Homophone awareness, homograph awareness, compounding awareness, and vocabulary knowledge were measured in grades 1 (T1), 2 (T2), and 3 (T3), resp...
Conference Paper
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Micro-prosodic effects are segmental influences on the overall prosodic contour of the utterance, as a result of coarticulation with different phonological classes of segments (Taylor, 2009). Within the Text-To-Speech (TTS) synthesis, especially for unit-selection, these influences have been continually addressed. By controlling for, and preserving...
Article
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Building upon the prosodic transfer hypothesis, the current study aims to examine the intermediary effect of English stress on the relation between Chinese lexical tone awareness and English word-level literacy (reading and spelling) as well as the moderating effect of English oral vocabulary proficiency on the cross-linguistic association. Grade 4...
Article
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Relevance: In Uzbek linguistics, a number of studies have been carried out on automatic translation, the development of the linguistic foundations of the author's corpus, the processing of lexicographic texts and linguistic-statistical analysis. However, the processing of the Uzbek language as the language of the Internet: spelling, automatic proce...
Article
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In the context of climate change and global warming, a growing number of studies reported lengthening of the growing season for most of the Northern Hemisphere, which is associated with increase of air temperature. Evidences of the increase of the growing season length were noted through satellite data and phonological and meteorological observatio...
Preprint
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This study entitled (The Order of bound morphemes in Kurdish language) is an attempt to analyzing and identifying the arrangement and combination bound morphemes in the Structure of derivational words of Kurdish language. To this end, the attention has been given to the order of lexical affixes in the formation of non-verb words. Depending on the p...
Article
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Resumo: Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar sinalizações de canções, em língua de sinais, realizadas por surdos e ouvintes na plataforma YouTube. Foram feitas ponderações com foco nos parâmetros fonológicos da LIBRAS quanto às expressões não manuais, movimento e configuração de mão. Considerou-se a possível recepção do ouvinte usuário e não usuár...
Article
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In neuropsychological evaluation, verbal fluency is a crucial measure of cognitive function, but this measure requires standardized and normative data for use. The present study aimed to obtain validation and normative data for the verbal fluency task in the Peruvian population, with participants ranging from 6 to 94 years and varying in age, educa...
Article
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The place of priegaidė ‘syllable intonation’ in the phonological system of Lithuanian remains uncertain; so does its typological peculiarity. The article aims to discover the specific nature of this phonological feature taking into consideration the opposition between phonemic (inflectional) and syllabemic (isolating) language types. Phonetically s...
Conference Paper
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Resumo: Este trabalho relata os primeiros resultados de uma análise exploratória das características prosódico-acústicas da Unidade Informacional de Parentético, tal como descrita no quadro teórico da Language into Act Theory (L-AcT-Cresti, 2000), contento até uma palavra fonológica (PAR curto). Para tanto, foram amostrados enunciados de melhor qua...
Article
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The article discusses the research which aims to ascertain whether the sonority of sounds could be used to determine boundaries of syllables in consonant clusters and if this principle is commonly employed by a sample of language users. The research consists of a) the overview of more significant foreign authors’ works, which is then used to identi...
Article
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Speech perception is influenced by language-specific phonological knowledge. While phonotactics has long been established to play a role, the study of how phonological alternations influence perception is still in its infancy. In this paper, we make a case for the latter by investigating the role of regressive voicing assimilation (RVA) in the perc...
Preprint
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Fǎnqiè 反切 are China's chief native device for showing the sound associated with a written character. Whatever their flaws, they are the primary source used in studying Chinese historical phonology.
Chapter
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In this tutorial paper, I explain what we mean by prosody in language and speech. I then show that, generally, prosody is highly redundant, i.e., it can be omitted from the speech signal without causing speech to become unintelligible or incomprehensible. Yet, it has often been mentioned, also in recent publications, that getting the prosody right...
Presentation
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Word-biography and etymology of the word "beskap" in Indonesian and Javanese; taking into account phonological, sociolinguistic, cultural, and semantic aspects
Article
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The teaching of Phonetics and Phonology in multilingual classrooms now-a-days is fraught with multifaceted challenges. These are caused by students' abhorrence for the course, their displeasures at the compulsory status assigned to it, students' attitudes towards it, lack of basic and functional laboratory facilities and other social and psychologi...
Chapter
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O presente capítulo aborda os efeitos da surdez na aquisição e desenvolvimento da linguagem na modalidade linguística gestual e oral. Começando por uma breve descrição dos diferentes graus, tipos e causas que caracterizam a surdez, e que devem ser considerados aquando da observação do desempenho linguístico de uma criança surda, o capítulo explora...
Article
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This study examined affix letter spelling among 6th grade Hebrew-speaking children with dyslexia compared with chronologically age-matched and reading level-matched controls. As different languages are characterized by multiple dimensions of affix spelling complexity, we specifically targeted the following unique dimensions relevant to Hebrew: (i)...
Book
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The main objective of this volume is to create phonological awareness from the start. To teach the children to read fluently through an early phonics programme. The children are taught the forty-four (44) sounds of English. With this knowledge, they are taken through stages of gliding and blending sounds to form words and then read. The individual...
Article
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Although learning disorders (LD) and developmental language disorder (DLD) can be linked to overlapping psychological and behavioral deficits, such as phonological, morphological, orthographic, semantic, and syntactic deficits, as well as academic (e.g., reading) difficulties, they are currently separate diagnoses in the DSM-5 with explicit phenoty...
Preprint
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Code-switching poses a number of challenges and opportunities for multilingual automatic speech recognition. In this paper, we focus on the question of robust and fair evaluation metrics. To that end, we develop a reference benchmark data set of code-switching speech recognition hypotheses with human judgments. We define clear guidelines for minima...
Article
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Recent technological advancements have made it possible to employ databases and custom algorithms to identify and visualize phonetic values for units of language in digital texts represented as words, or in the case of Chinese, as characters. These results can then be calculated into statistics, and more importantly, visualized at the level of the...
Article
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Theories of phonology claim variously that phonological elements are either innate or emergent, and either substance-full or substance-free. A hitherto underdeveloped source of evidence for choosing between the four possible combinations of these claims lies in showing precisely how a child can acquire phonological elements. This article presents c...
Article
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conversmost of the errors that appear in a piece of writing or spoken speech are caused by the presence of language spelling problems, errors in interpretation, the use of non-standard words that do not match their function. The purpose of studying language learners' language errors is to identify elements of the target language that cause language...
Article
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This work provides useful insights on areas where proper care and concern should be taken to avoid the transference of phonological attributes of the broadcaster's mother tongue to that of English language during programmes broadcast Using the communication process model, the study was able to establish a proper theoretical foundation, which accomm...
Article
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In order for a sequence of phonetic sounds to be articulated, series of complex muscular movements take place and articulatory adjustments occur. The purpose of this paper is to take a cursory look at some of these complex articulatory processes as they affect consonants in Kohomono. The paper also looks at some triggers and targets of these proces...
Article
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Dispalatalization of the Common Slavic *r’ refers to a phonological innovation realized on broad Slavic territory in the 10th-13th century. In Ukrainian, it did not encompass the Carpathian region, e.g., the Hutsul dialect and in particular its Kryvorivnia dialect. I argue that the tendency toward intrasyllabic harmony serves as a requirement for a...
Chapter
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With the aim of uncovering the dynamics of cross-linguistic influence (CLI), the present study investigates the production of word-initial stops by L1 Mandarin-L2 English bilinguals learning L3 Spanish over the course of a semester. For this purpose, six Spanish majors at a university in Beijing, China (two 2 nd semester, two 4 th semester and two...
Article
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Reading comprehension in bilingual children depends on the extent to which each language is used in daily life. To date, most bilingual studies have focused on children who learn the majority language as their second language (L2 bilingual children). In contrast, bilingual children learning the majority language as their first language (L1 bilingua...
Article
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The present study explores learning vowel harmony with exceptions using the artificial language learning paradigm. Participants were exposed to a back/round vowel harmony pattern in which one affix (either prefix or suffix, depending on the condition) alternated between /me/ and /mo/ depending on the phonetic feature of the stem vowels. In Experime...
Article
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Although phonological deficits are unanimously recognized as one of the key manifestations of developmental dyslexia, a growing body of research has reported impairments in morphological abilities. Our study aimed at casting further light on this domain by investigating the morphological awareness skills of 21 children with dyslexia (mean age 9.10...
Article
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Language control in bilinguals is often investigated with the language switching paradigm. Switch costs reflect the ease/difficulty of applying this control mechanism. The type of stimuli employed in the experiments may influence switch costs. To date, only one study has compared digit vs picture processing, reporting reduced switch costs for digit...
Preprint
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We present a state-of-the-art neural approach to the unsupervised reconstruction of ancient word forms. Previous work in this domain used expectation-maximization to predict simple phonological changes between ancient word forms and their cognates in modern languages. We extend this work with neural models that can capture more complicated phonolog...
Article
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The current study investigated the common errors in pronunciation pertaining to consonants among thirty-three first year undergraduates, at the Department of English, Faculty of Education-Shabwah, University of Aden. It adopted Corder's theory as a frame work to account for the pronunciation problems of Yemeni EFL learners under investigation. The...
Article
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The purpose of this paper is to attempt a short critical survey of the theory of neutralization and the archiphoneme which N. S. Trubetzkoy progressively developed from roughly the late 1920’s to 1938. His magnum opus, Grundzüge der Phonologie, saw the light of day the year after his decease in 1938. I have spread the net wider than just Grundzüge...
Article
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We examined the cognitive, language, and instructional predictors of early word-reading ability in a sample of children with Williams syndrome longitudinally. At Time 1, sixty-nine 6-7-year-olds (mean age = 6.53 years) completed standardized measures of phonological awareness, visual-spatial perception, vocabulary, and overall intellectual ability....
Article
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The current narrative review focuses on cross-language influences (CLI) in spelling English as a foreign language (EFL). We identify three types of distance between first language (L1) and English that may impact English spelling, namely distance in writing system, in orthography and in phonology. The review describes and specifies the spelling dif...
Article
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Purpose to assess whether there is a relationship between temporal auditory processing skills and altered distinctive features in cases of phonological disorder. Methods 18 children aged between 6 and 8 years, diagnosed with phonological disorders participated in the research. All children underwent speech-language screening, phonological assessme...
Article
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We examined whether different parent- and teacher-related factors had an effect on at-risk children’s reading development during the first six months of the Covid-19 pandemic. Seventy Grade 1 English-speaking Canadian children (28 females, 42 males; Mage = 6.60, SD = 0.46) who were at-risk for reading difficulties were administered word and pseudow...
Article
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Purpose to assess whether there is a relationship between temporal auditory processing skills and altered distinctive features in cases of phonological disorder. Methods 18 children aged between 6 and 8 years, diagnosed with phonological disorders participated in the research. All children underwent speech-language screening, phonological assessme...
Conference Paper
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The phenomenon of sound symbolism describes that certain sounds become meaningful when they are combined with other sensory information. One of the most prominent types of sound symbolistic patterns is the so-called “size sound symbolism”. Speech sounds with high-frequency components are associated with smallness, while speech sounds with low-frequ...
Article
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This study investigates the effects of two sublexical variables, syllable frequency, and word length, in the spelling acquisition of novice spellers dealing with a transparent orthography, such as Italian. Two groups of 1 st-grade Italian children were tested respectively after 4 and 8 months of schooling, with a spelling-to-dictation task of singl...
Article
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This paper discusses the structure of the interaction in pedagogical discourse produced by participants in English classes at senior high schools. The source of data consited of twenty lesson's transcript regarded as complete interaction stating from opening to closing. The analysis was based on Sinclair and couldhard model looking interaction as a...
Article
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ABSTRACT: In this study, it is aimed to synthesize up-to-date information about the practices that can be implemented to support the early literacy skills of children who have problems in speech, language and hearing areas. In this study, which was designed with the traditional review method; a literature review was conducted on early literacy inte...
Article
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There are four categories of phonological iconicity (sound symbolism or phonosemantics): lexical and non-lexical onomatopoeia (direct phonological iconicity), associative and phonaesthetic iconicity (indirect phonological iconicity). This paper focuses on the third category, the examples of indirect associative phonological iconicity with examples...
Article
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Translation is not merely a mater of linguistics. The major goal of the present paper is to investigate the relationship between ‘culture’ and ‘translation’. To this end, the researcher drew on a corpus from English and Persian languages. The findings indicated that although different languages, like English and Persian, employ different linguistic...
Article
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Significant linguistic research has been carried out in the field of language register and its relevance for speech patterns. In various contexts, language users tend to employ different linguistic features, especially but not limited to the realm of pronunciation. In many linguistic communities, there is a higher register of language associated wi...
Article
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The Quranic text today is recited in ten canonical reading traditions with two distinct canonical transmissions each. These reading traditions are distinct in their phonological and morphological details, as well as the interpretation of the ambiguous consonantal text. However, they all have in common that they adhere to the consonantal skeleton of...
Presentation
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In this session we will focus on written historical data. We will go through the process of building well-annotated diachronic corpora from scratch, zooming in on specific challenges that historical linguists are dealing with. These challenges range from philological issues (anonymous manuscript witnesses with unknown dates), to orthographical (lac...
Article
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This research intends to track the first language acquisition descriptions of a three-year-old child speaking the Cebuano (Dabawenyo Bisaya) language in the Philippines. This research used naturalistic observations and interviews to gather data. The descriptive qualitative approach is the methodology employed in this study. Some important character...
Conference Paper
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El aprendizaje de la fonética y la fonología de la lengua inglesa iempre ha estado considerado como una asignatura importante pero difícil para los estudiantes de grado. Sin embargo, desde la USC y UVIGO, en colaboración con investigadores de UNIR, UNED y UMA, hemos desarrollado un juego serio que aúna el aprendizaje de la fonética —con los estánda...
Article
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Developmental dyslexia is a specific learning disorder that presents cognitive and neurobiological impairments related to different patterns of brain activation throughout development, continuing in adulthood. Lexical decision tasks, together with electroencephalography (EEG) measures that have great temporal precision, allow the capture of cogniti...
Article
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The work is devoted to the memory of a prominent scientist, philologist, founder of the Odesa onomastic school, honoured worker of science and technology of Ukraine, corresponding member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, academician of the Academy of Sciences, professor Yuriy Karpenko and his study of a topical issue of the origin and...
Article
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Posterior Cortical Atrophy (PCA) and Logopenic progressive aphasia (LPA) are nonamnestic variants of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Language deficits are a hallmark of LPA but not PCA. Studies have revealed the presence of language deficits in PCA similar to LPA, however it has not been a consistent observation. Only alexia and agraphia are the language...
Chapter
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Speaking with a foreign accent is not an impairment and cannot be reduced to articulation errors. Accents are often critical to the cultural and linguistic identity of the speakers. Native sound inventories and rules, group identity, and language attitudes can all influence the perception of accentedness by a listener. These considerations also aff...
Article
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While the concept termed as kawaii is often translated into English as ‘cute’ or ‘pretty’, it has multiple connotations. It is one of the most significant topics of investigation in behavioural science and Kansei/affective engineering. This study aims to explore linguistic (phonetic and phonological) features/units associated with kawaii. Specifica...
Article
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Focal brain damage caused by stroke can result in aphasia and advances in cognitive neuroscience suggest that impairment may be associated with network-level disorder rather than just circumscribed cortical damage. A number of studies have shown meaningful relationships between brain-behaviour using lesions; however only a handful of studies have i...
Article
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This paper accounts for the errors of using Balinese in Awig-awig. It focuses on kinds and causes of errors found in the Awig-awig as regulations of the Balinese traditional villages. Using the data taken from the Awig-awigs of Munggu, Beringkit and Sobangan traditional villages, and applying the theory of error analysis by Richard as well as adopt...
Article
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A sample of political expressions that have been common in Arab media since the Arab Spring in 2011 was collected from TV newscasts, online news websites and social media pages. Analysis of their structure, denotative and connotative meanings revealed the following features: (i) Use of lexical hybrids (اخوانجي- الدم قراطية – سني ستان - الحقيقة ليكس...
Preprint
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Zebra finches rely mainly on syllable phonology rather than on syllable sequence when they discriminate between two songs. However, they can also learn to discriminate two strings of containing the same set of syllables by their sequence. How learning about the phonological characteristics of syllables and their sequence relate to each other and to...
Article
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The study investigated how parental belief and family socio economic status (SES) were related to the home literacy environment and to early literacy-related skills in a foreign language (English). Eighty-six Chinese children in kindergarten (Mage = 5 years 5 months, 44 girls) were assessed on English phonological awareness, English receptive vocab...