Science topics: LinguisticsPhonetics
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Phonetics - Science topic

Phonetics is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.
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Publications related to Phonetics (10,000)
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This chapter takes an individual-differences perspective on the dual sound systems of American heritage speakers (HSs) of Mandarin Chinese. Based on detailed socio-demographic data and production data on segmentals and suprasegmentals, we build holistic demographic and phonetic profiles for HSs, as well as native speakers and late learners, to expl...
Article
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While children are able to name letters fairly quickly, the automatisation of letter-speech sound mappings continues over the first years of reading development. In the current longitudinal fMRI study, we explored developmental changes in cortical responses to letters and speech sounds across 3 yearly measurements in a sample of 18 8–11 year old ch...
Presentation
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English learners: a contrastive hierarchy approach The linguistic proximity model (LPM) (Westergaard, 2021) has been widely used to explain language phenomena in L3 acquisition, mostly in morphosyntax and phonetics. However, the investigation of the LPM in L3 phonology remains a neglected area. The current study aims to add to our understanding of...
Poster
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Sound symbolism is a specific form of cross-modal correspondence: Certain sounds become meaningful when they are combined with other sensory information. Prominent types of such sensory information are the rather easily measurable size and the more complex concept of cuteness. However, to date, no combined account of size and cuteness and potential...
Poster
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Recent research has shown that seemingly homophonous elements show unexpected effects of morphological structure on their phonetic realisation. For example, word-final /s/ in English is longest as non-morphemic segment, shorter as suffix, and shortest as clitic, e.g. [1], [2]. Such findings highlight the relevance of the debate in language comprehe...
Article
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The article examined the deep learning models and Fastai text classification technique to predict the medical speech utterances, transcriptions, and intent to extract the 25 medicals problems. The experimental work was conducted using a large amount of data which contains 6661.wav files and one.csv file, including 13 distinct categorization fields...
Article
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In recent years, the realization of speech algorithms and nanotechnology has been a key exploration goal in the field of artificial intelligence. The advantages of speech recognition algorithms-based nanotechnology have penetrated into all aspects of production and life, and have provided great convenience for human beings. As a key technology in t...
Article
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The phonetic structures of dysarthric speech are more difficult to discriminate than those of normal speech. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a novel voice conversion framework for dysarthric speech by learning disentangled audio-transcription representations. The novelty of this method is that it simultaneously takes both audio and its corresp...
Article
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This paper considers an assessment and evaluation of speech sound pronunciation quality in computer-aided language learning systems. We examine the gain optimization of spectral distortion measures between the speech signals of a native speaker and a learner. During training, a learner has to achieve stable pronunciation of all sounds. This is meas...
Article
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As an important task in Asian language information processing, Chinese word embedding learning has attracted much attention recently. Based on either Skip-gram or CBOW, several methods have been proposed to exploit Chinese characters and sub-character components for learning Chinese word embeddings. Chinese characters are combinations of meaning, s...
Article
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In this paper, a multi-voice singing synthesis framework is proposed to convert lyrics to their sung version in the target speaker’s voice. It consists of three blocks: a text-to-speech (TTS) module, a speech-to-singing (STS) module, and an intelligibility enhancement module. Synthesized speech is generated from lyrics for a target speaker’s voice...
Article
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This study investigates the gradience in mismatch acceptability in Greek rap Imperfect Rhyme. We consider that the rhyme domains of a rhyming pair are in a Base-Reduplicant correspondence relationship, requiring segmental identity in Place of Articulation, Manner of Articulation and voicing, and manifesting a gradient acceptability of featural mism...
Article
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Speech is one of the natural ways of communication between humans, later extended as a means for human–computer interaction. It helps visually impaired people to read electronic texts and is used in information retrieval and language education. This paper proposed the development of a text-to-speech synthesizer for Afan Oromo (Oromo Language), usin...
Thesis
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The linguistic variations of South African English (SAfE) has been of much interest to multiple scholars over the years, believing that it reveals the intangible and internal workings of South Africa’s everchanging socio-political and economic sphere. South African Indian English (SAIE) is a dialect of SAfE, that reflects the Indian English-speakin...
Preprint
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It has been shown in separate studies that phonological grammar can operate probabilistically and in phonetically unnatural directions. This paper examines whether phonological grammar can be both probabilistic and unnatural at the same time. We create a new corpus of Tarma Quechua vocabulary (based both on published and unpublished data), and argu...
Article
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The proliferation of spam in China has a negative impact on internet users’ experiences online. Existing methods for detecting spam are primarily based on machine learning. However, it has been discovered that these methods are susceptible to adversarial textual spam that has frequently been imperceptibly modified by spammers. Spammers continually...
Article
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This study is an acoustic investigation of voice quality in Australian English. The speech of 33 Indigenous Australians (Aboriginal English speakers) is compared to that of 28 Anglo Australians [Mainstream Australian English (MAE) speakers] from two rural locations in Victoria. Analysis of F0 and H1 * -H2 * reveals that pitch and voice quality diff...
Article
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ABSTRACT Purpose: to identify genetically enhanced physical skills (speed, strength, endurance and motor coordination), provided by the dermatoglyphic method and to analyze the preliminary correlation between dermatoglyphic and acoustic data of lyrical and pop singers. Methods: the study was approved by the Ethics and Research Committee. Four male...
Article
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. Th e presented article has determined the forms of Language-game usage and its varieties according to the levels of language (phonetic, word-formation, morphological, lexical and syntactical) and has outlined their key expressive functions in modern TV media-texts in order to att ract and retain the att ention of audience, as well as identifi ed...
Article
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This study is an attempt to examine the hypothesis that, compared to plains, emphatics negatively affect the bleed-through of indexical information associated with the gender of male and female talkers for Arabic listeners. In a preliminary experiment, Arabic male and female participants were asked to identify the consonant type of the auditorily p...
Article
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Seit langem wird Arbitrarität dominierend als das wesentliche Merkmal einesSprachzeichens angesehen, insbesondere in der europäischen strukturalistischen Tradition nach de Saussure. Nach dieser linguistischen Tradition kommt die unmittelbare Nachbildung der Außenwelt durch Sprachzeichen, die als Ikonizitätsmerkmal eines Sprachzeichens aufzufassen s...
Article
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Learning Arabic for foreign students is not easy task. Arabic has a phonetic, grammatical, epileptic, semantic and lexical system in which most of the questions are asked by the Arab student, so what about the foreign one who finds himself in front of a strange language that he couldn't recognize none of its voices? Studies have shown that whenever...
Preprint
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None of the various methods currently used to elicit speech samples for phonetics research is a gold standard, and all introduce unwanted inter- and intra-subject variability as the result of insufficient experimental control. The new elicitation method presented here will reduce unwanted variability by providing speech that more closely resembles...
Research
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EL DESCUBRlMIENTO DE LA LENGUA ESPAÑOLA – La construcción filosófica de un idioma. Es un trabajo de lingüística descriptiva elaborado por Enrique Cabrejas Iñesta y por el cual muestra que “El idioma español es una lengua perfectamente construida” -afirma Cabrejas-. Un hallazgo extraordinario en la Historia cultural y lingüística europea sin prece...
Chapter
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Kırgız, Kazak ve Altay Türkçelerinde ortak olarak kullanılan duygu fiilleri fonetik, morfolojik, semantik ve etimolojik bakımdan ele alınmıştır. Kırgızlar binli yıllara kadar Güney Sibirya bölgesinde Altay Türkleri ile birlikte yaşamışlardır, daha sonra Tanrı Dağlarına göç etmişler uzun yüzyıllar boyunca da Kazaklar başta olmak üzere Türkistan bölg...
Article
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Both the Greek word ambrosia and the Sanskrit amrita signify a divine elixir that confers immortality on the gods. These words are composed of the negative prefix *a-and a root *mer-(t)-'to die,' hence 'undying, immortal, without death,' and with wider meanings that include: 'imperish-able, eternal, unfading, undamaged, unwounded, undestroyed.' Thi...
Article
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The present study investigates and explains the derivation of Right node raising based on Coordinate constructions in Sanandajy Kurdish in the framework of Minimalist Program and its theoretical underpinnings. The data in this study were taken from the daily conversations of native speakers in Sanandaj. Observation of constructs containing Right no...
Article
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Japanese as a language with quite complex grammatical rules is increasingly visible in terms of its complexity when it comes to the discussion of active, passive, causative, and causative-passive diathesis. This happens because the Japanese language does not use the word to be a sign of the existence of a diathesis, but uses bound morphemes attache...
Chapter
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This paper is discussing the major revolutions in the communication and the information field. There has been noted the three major revolutions in the communication field that included the phonetic writing revolution, press printing revolution, and the computer information revolution. This paper will discuss all these revolutions in the communic...
Article
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In teaching Turkish to Kyrgyz students, the student's conscious perception of grammar issues contributes to reading, listening, speaking and writing skills. Therefore, it has a special place to bring the grammar teaching to the student functionally. The purpose of the study is to test the studied grammatical structures, taking into account the know...
Article
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Reading fluency has been defined as the process of automatically associating graphemic and phonetic information in a text with minimal conscious attention if any at all. Research has found that the effect of fluency on reading proficiency is of importance to student learning and that increasing oral reading fluency (ORF) rates has been correlated i...
Article
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In this article, the concept (i.e., the mathematical model and methods) of computational phonetic analysis of speech with an analytical description of the phenomenon of phonetic fusion is proposed. In this concept, in contrast to the existing methods, the problem of multicriteria of the process of cognitive perception of speech by a person is stric...
Article
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This study examines the phonetic realisation of the falling nuclear pitch accent that marks corrective focus statements and wh-questions in Russian. An interactive dialogue-reading task elicited acoustic data from speakers of two regional varieties: Central Standard Russian spoken in Moscow (CSR), and Northern Standard Russian spoken in urban areas...
Article
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This state of art presents a mapping of the publications on the teaching English in the Ecuadorian context, published in national and international journals from 2010 to January/2020. The results obtained 116 articles and six different themes, among them: Teaching and Learning (70.69%), Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) (17.24%), Li...
Article
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Dialectology, linguistic geography and sociolinguistics have frequently utilized the phonetic transcription of texts to illustrate the ways of speaking analyzed in dialect monographs, linguistic atlases and variation studies. This article retrieves ten of these works on Spanish in the United States that were published between 1912 and 2006. The wor...
Article
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b r a h i m Ç e ç e n U n i v e r s i t y (A ğ r ı / T u r k e y) E-m a i l : s e n g u l f @ g m a i l. c o m The Huns and the Scythians, constitute two of the most leading mounted nomadic communities of antiquity and had the similar nomadic lifestyle and culture. So it is very probable to find the words, which carry phonetic and semantic resembla...
Conference Paper
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Available at https://aclanthology.org/2022.sigmorphon-1.3/. Data-driven research in phonetics and phonology relies massively on oral resources, and access thereto. We propose to explore a question in comparative linguistics using an open-source crowd-sourced corpus, Lingua Libre, Wikimedia’s participatory linguistic library, to show that such cor...
Preprint
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Automatic lyric transcription (ALT) is a nascent field of study attracting increasing interest from both the speech and music information retrieval communities, given its significant application potential. However, ALT with audio data alone is a notoriously difficult task due to instrumental accompaniment and musical constraints resulting in degrad...
Article
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While language is expressed in multiple modalities, including sign, writing, or whistles, speech is arguably the most common. The human vocal tract is capable of producing the bewildering diversity of the 7000 or so currently spoken languages, but relatively little is known about its genetic bases, especially in what concerns normal variation. Here...
Article
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In tone languages, some case studies showed that the word-level tonal representation was closely related to the underlying metrical pattern. Based on different tonal patterns in prosodic units, the metrical structures could generally be divided into the left-and right-dominant types in Chinese dialects. Yet the cross-dialectal phonetic realizations...
Article
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Several studies have investigated the perception of the singleton/geminate contrast in various languages; however, there is sparse literature on the possible phonological/phonetic attrition related to geminate perception in bilinguals. The present study examines the geminate perception of native Hungarian immigrants in foreign language environments...
Article
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The linguistic study of Celtic divinities attested on Latin inscriptions has proved instrumental in disclosing a number of facts about ancient religion, the relationship with the Roman rule, and the spread of indigenous or syncretic cults. In fact, minor divinities were worshipped on a local basis only, but even under such unfavourable circumstance...
Article
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This paper demonstrates that unexpected sound changes are best explained by an approach that accounts for different motivations: phonetic, structural and social. Here, we focus on a multifaceted investigation of the cross-linguistically uncommon bilabial trills to show the complex interaction between different drivers of sound change. In this paper...
Article
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Many perception and processing effects of the lexical status of tone have been found in behavioral, psycholinguistic, and neuroscientific research, often pitting varieties of tonal Chinese against non-tonal Germanic languages. While the linguistic and cognitive evidence for lexical tone is therefore beyond dispute, the word prosodic systems of many...
Poster
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Eliciting more reliable testimony from earwitnesses has been a long-standing endeavour in the forensic speech science community. Most recent efforts to do so have focused on the improvement of a particular procedure, the voice parade (VP), by finding optimal settings for the variables that can be controlled by the investigator (“system variables”),...
Poster
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WHO has recently defined post COVID-19 condition as one that occurs in individuals with a history of confirmed SARS CoV-2 infection, usually 3 months from the onset of COVID-19 with symptoms and that last for at least 2 months (WHO, 2021). One of the most common reported symptoms are the cognitive complaints (Badenoch et al., 2022), but their clini...
Presentation
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This presentation contains findings from a pilot study which aimed to explore if prevalent within-speaker variability is occurring in telephone openings, compared to later in the calls. A speaker discrimination task was used to see if performance differs when listeners are presented with samples taken from call openings, compared to mid-conversatio...
Preprint
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In this work, we propose a speaker anonymization pipeline that leverages high quality automatic speech recognition and synthesis systems to generate speech conditioned on phonetic transcriptions and anonymized speaker embeddings. Using phones as the intermediate representation ensures near complete elimination of speaker identity information from t...
Article
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El presente artículo es una primera descripción exploratoria de las consonantes con articulación secundaria palatal y labial de naturaleza alofónica en la lengua arabela (záparo) que no han sido reportadas con anterioridad. En este estudio, se examina el comportamiento de tres sufijos nominalizadores para advertir la existencia de sonidos palataliz...
Article
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The development of art education and information technology has led to the importance of computer technology and multimedia technology in the development of students’ independent inquiry and research skills. In the context of “Internet+,” new modes of teaching phonics have emerged, reconfiguring the spatial and temporal relationship of phonics educ...
Article
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The sensitive period for phonetic learning (6∼12 months), evidenced by improved native speech processing and declined non-native speech processing, represents an early milestone in language acquisition. We examined the extent that sensory encoding of speech is altered by experience during this period by testing two hypotheses: (1) early sensory enc...
Preprint
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We present a large-scale comparative study of self-supervised speech representation (S3R)-based voice conversion (VC). In the context of recognition-synthesis VC, S3Rs are attractive owing to their potential to replace expensive supervised representations such as phonetic posteriorgrams (PPGs), which are commonly adopted by state-of-the-art VC syst...
Article
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Lateral vocalization is a cross-linguistically common phenomenon where a lateral is realized as a glide, such as [w, j], or a vowel [u, i]. In this paper, we focus on the articulatory triggers that could cause lateral vocalization. We examined Brazilian Portuguese, a language known for the process of lateral vocalization in coda position. We examin...
Article
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More than hundred years after the partial confirmation of the laryngeal theory by the Hittite evidence this aspect of the phonological reconstruction of Proto-Indo-European has remained one of the most controversial ones. While there is widespread agreement about the reconstruction of three "laryngeals", their phonolog-ical interpretation is less c...
Article
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This paper analyzes and investigates the quality assessment of spoken English pronunciation using a cognitive heuristic computing approach and designs a corresponding spoken pronunciation quality assessment system for practical training. Using the general Goodness of Pronunciation assessment algorithm as a benchmark, the shortcomings of the traditi...
Conference Paper
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This study explores the extent to which using the students' first language in teaching foreign languages is beneficial, and recommends some successful strategies of putting L1 knowledge to good use. Given that it is widely recommended to avoid the use of L1 in favour of monolingual approaches, that provide complete language immersion, it is especia...
Article
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Sonority is a fundamental notion in phonetics and phonology, central to many descriptions of the syllable and various useful predictions in phonotactics. Although widely accepted, sonority lacks a clear basis in speech articulation or perception, given that traditional formal principles in linguistic theory are often exclusively based on discrete u...
Article
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Introduction. It is well established that lengthening (longer duration) is considered one of the correlates of lexical and phrasal prominence. However, it is unexplored whether the scope of vowel lengthening in Arabic dialect of Yemen (ADY), is differently affected by educated and/ or uneducated speakers from different dialectal backgrounds. Specif...
Article
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Background Children with cerebral palsy (CP) often have communication impairments, including speech altered intelligibility. Multiple levels of disrupted speech have been reported in CP, which negatively impact on participation and quality of life, with increase of care needs. Augmentative Alternative Communication (AAC) is an option, with debated...
Poster
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Abstract Eliciting reliable testimony from earwitnesses has been a long-standing endeavour in the forensic speech science community. Most recent efforts to do so focused on the improvement of a particular procedure, the voice parade (VP), by finding optimal settings for variables that can be controlled by an investigator (“system variables”), such...
Preprint
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In this paper we propose a multi-modal multi-correlation learning framework targeting at the task of audio-visual speech separation. Although previous efforts have been extensively put on combining audio and visual modalities, most of them solely adopt a straightforward concatenation of audio and visual features. To exploit the real useful informat...
Chapter
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Introducción Desde hace tiempo el ingreso a la universidad se considera complejo porque implica la integración del ingresante a una comunidad discursiva particular (Carlino, 2011; Hermida, 2009; Mendoza & Álzate Piedrahita, 2010) y es un tema que ha preocupado, y aún preocupa, a docentes e investigado-res en distintas áreas. En parte esto es así po...
Article
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A B S T R U C T This study is an attempt to emphasize the importance of the social aspect in the study of language and the discovery of its secrets related to community life, especially decency, politeness, and the like of society. And social values in the life of the individual and society. In light of this, this study dealt with the phenomenon of...
Article
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Brain lateralization of lexical tone processing remains a matter of debate. In this study we used a dichotic listening paradigm to examine the influences of the knowledge of Jyutping (a romanization writing system which provides explicit Cantonese tone markers), linguistic-processing demand and tone type on the ear preference pattern of native tone...
Article
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It is well known that speech rate is correlated with many phonetic variables. The current study aims to obtain a more precise characterization of how phonetic measures covary with speech rate. Specifically, we assess whether there is evidence for linear and/or non-linear relations with rate, and how those relations may differ between phrase boundar...
Article
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El artículo se enfoca en un fragmento de la novela Salvar el fuego, de Guillermo Arriaga, ganadora del Premio Alfaguara 2020. Se trata de un poema titulado “Mi historia de amor”, en donde se identifica el fenómeno de los juegos de palabras. En nuestra investigación analizamos teóricamente los juegos de palabras, las modificaciones fonéticas que ocu...
Article
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The major drawback of the most widely used spectral subtraction (SS) algorithm is, it fails to reduce musical noise. In addition to this in SS, the subtraction rules are mainly based on false assumptions about cross-terms are being zero. A novel approach is proposed to overcome these shortcomings in the SS algorithm. A technique is implemented to c...
Article
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This paper investigates the syntactic derivational overview of information-structure encoding in Bassa language. It emphasizes on focus construction, situated within the Government and Binding framework. Basà is a most underdescribed language of Western Kru phylum of Niger Congo, spoken in the North-Central Nigeria. The language is characterized by...
Article
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Digital games may benefit children’s learning, yet the factors that induce gaming benefits to cognition are not well known. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of digital game-based learning in children by comparing the learning of foreign speech sounds and words in a digital game or a non-game digital application. To evaluate gaming-i...
Article
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Elicitation methods are known to influence second language speech production. For teachers and language assessors, awareness of such effects is essential to accurate interpretations of testing outcomes. For speech researchers, understanding why one method gives better performance than another may yield insights into how second-language phonological...
Article
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This study investigates variations in boundary /t/ consonant deletions in English among young educated Nigerians in connected speeches. Thirty students comprising of fifteen males and fifteen females in their third and final years, from the Department of English and Literary Studies at the University of Nigeria, Nigeria, participated in this study....
Article
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This article describes a system for analyzing acoustic data to assist in the diagnosis and classification of children’s speech sound disorders (SSDs) using a computer. The analysis concentrated on identifying and categorizing four distinct types of Chinese SSDs. The study collected and generated a speech corpus containing 2540 stopping, backing, fi...
Article
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Background and Purpose: Second language (L2) learners have been observed making generation errors, i.e., derivational morphology, in the prospect of learning another language by translating it into their mother tongue. This research has studied these errors in L2 regarding derivational morphology. Methodology: This study was designed as descriptive...