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Petroleum - Science topic

Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.
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Publications related to Petroleum (10,000)
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Article
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This research aims to establish a series of small-scale experiments to analyze the effect of ramp slopes on the temperature distribution of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) fire in a model branched tunnel under longitudinal ventilation. The heat release rate under experimental conditions reached 2.57 kW to 7.70 kW and five ramp slopes of 0 %, 3 %, 5 %...
Article
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This study aims to investigate the effect of Human Resources Management (HRM) practices and total quality management (TQM) practices on employee's job satisfaction. Based on a sample of 350 responses at a petroleum company operating in Egypt, reliability, validity, correlation, regression, and Exploratory Factor Analysis tests were used to examine...
Article
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The current study predicts West Texas Intermediate (WTI) petroleum prices using an artificial neural network (ANN) with a whale optimization algorithm (WOA). In implementing the model, five parameters, including gold price, coal price, natural gas price, Dollar-Euro exchange rate, and Dollar-Yuan exchange rate, have been used as input to the combin...
Article
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The impact of diffusion thermo on transient natural convection flow of a chemically reactive fluid with heat source/sink in a tube is investigated. The Laplace transform technique enables the governing equations to be solved analytically with the solutions inverted by the Riemann-sum approximation method. Constant values of Prandtl number and Schmi...
Article
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Covid-19 posed stress to the employees in the Public Utility Sector (PUS). Although employees adopted various stress-coping strategies, the actual coping-efficacy remained unclear and hence the current research followed. Research data were gathered from 678 employees of the four PUS companies, including Power, Water, Railways, and Petroleum in TAIW...
Presentation
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LECTERY-5
Presentation
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Lectery-4
Article
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The use of equation of state (EOS)-based phase behavior calculations is widespread in the petroleum industry, including the calculation of oil and gas reserves, production forecasting, and optimization of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) plans, surface separator design, and pipe flow calculation. The most commonly used method for providing phase behavio...
Article
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PT Radha Pratama Jaya is a business engaged in the sale of petroleum. Operations at PT Radha Pratama Jaya are carried out every day. With such an operating system, company management requires fast and accurate accounting information. So that the application of an accounting information system is needed by companies to get good information in order...
Article
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Research interest in the field of bifurcation and its role in flow distribution and recovery has grown greatly in the past two decades. In this study, data obtained from an experimental investigate of the flow of water, diesel oil, crude oil and peanut oil representing the following categories of fluid samples, polar solvent, as they are allowed to...
Article
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Las aguas del Proyecto CHAVIMOCHIC han llenado una depresión en el sector “El Trópico”, situada cerca de la ciudad precolombina de Chan Chan, en Trujillo. El objetivo fue determinar su comportamiento limnológico anual. La metodología utilizada fue la descrita por Fukushima y col. (1982). La temperatura del aire varió para ambas Estaciones de 17,0 a...
Conference Paper
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Sandakan Basin, located offshore East Sabah, is one of the few regions in Malaysia that have yet to produce commercial hydrocarbons despite decades of exploration effort. The exploration history and hydrocarbon occurrences in the area up to year 2000 have been summarised by Leong & Azlina (1999). A number of sub-commercial discoveries have demonstr...
Article
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El presente proyecto tiene como objetivo principal el desarrollo de un sistema de Respuesta de Voz Interactiva (IVR) para la notificación de datos operacionales referente a variables de procesos en la Planta Boquerón, de Petróleos de Venezuela S.A. (PDVSA), Estado Monagas. El sistema IVR que en conexión con el módulo de históricos del Sistema de Su...
Article
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The present work is focused on the assessment of the performance and fine particulate matter emissions (PM2.5) of a turbocharged four-cylinder direct injection diesel engine operating under dual-fuel mode with Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). For load levels of 30%, 60% and 100%, measurements were taken, keeping the engine speed constant at 2200, 250...
Article
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This article outlines the technical and economic potentials of lignin in unlocking sustainable biorefineries. The benefits of using this highly functionalized biopolymer for the growth of sustainable economy have been highlighted. But practically, the possibility of commercially substituting petroleum oil with lignin is still not very high as the e...
Article
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Resumen Se analiza el crecimiento desordenado de las ciudades en Casanare, en el entorno de la economía petrolera de los años 1985-2020, caracterizado por debilidad institucional, informalidad, ilegalidad y la permanencia de la pobreza regional; relacionando estas circunstancias con el desarrollo de Yopal, como ciudad intermedia uninodal de la regi...
Article
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Based on China's transaction-level trade data and firm-level production data during the period 2000-2006, this paper firstly estimates the export cutoff productivity by applying non-parametric ROC method. The results are as follows. First, under the full sample, the export cutoff productivity is 7.051. Second, the export cutoff productivity of home...
Article
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Oil, coal, and natural gas are traditional fossil energy sources and the main components of primary energy consumption globally [...]
Article
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The recent Russian invasion of Ukraine has had significant effects on the global economy. The purpose of study is to display how Russia's aggression and the international sanctions imposed have affected the European economy, especially the petrol and gas market. Albeit the goal of sanctions was to press and hurt Russia, seems to harm in equal to th...
Technical Report
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Selon le site de suivi des prix du gasoil dans 169 pays (parmi lesquels 143 n'ont pas d'autosuffisance de production pétrolière), le Maroc :-avait le 82 ème prix le moins cher avec ses 11,20 Dh/litre rapportés pour le 07/03/2022,-avait le 107 ème prix le moins cher avec ses 16,57 Dh/litre rapportés pour le 18/07/2022,-s'est maintenu au 105 ème prix...
Article
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The research cruise was part of the Centre of Excellence (SFF) Centre for Arctic Gas Hydrate Environment and Climate (CAGE) at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway. It was partly supported by The Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. From Tromsø, we visited Sentralbankrenna and Hopendjupet in the central Barents Sea in order to pursue the following sci...
Research
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Details are provided of differences in regions of the PNG LNG pipeline corridor that were subject to Social Mapping and Landowner Identification [SMLI] studies and segments of that corridor that were defined by the Department Petroleum and Energy [DPE]. The two were seldom congruent.
Conference Paper
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The Tusan Beach (coordinates: 04Deg07’32.1” N, 113Deg49’25.9” E) with rocky cliff facing the South China Sea is located in the district of Bekenu, some 40km SW of Miri accessible via the Coastal Road towards Bekenu. The beach is a popular geotourism site as well as for petroleum geology related excursion with excellent exposure of massive sandstone...
Article
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The study investigates the necessity for deregulation of the downstream petroleum sector to tackle refined petroleum product shortfalls to boost proficiency in the industry via legal framework amendment and business competition by learning from other advanced countries' skills to transform the sector. The study embraces a conceptual legal approach...
Article
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Petroleum asphaltenes are considered the most irritating components of various oil systems, complicating the extraction, transportation, and processing of hydrocarbons. Despite the fact that the paramagnetic properties of asphaltenes and their aggregates have been studied since the 1950s, there is still no clear understanding of the structure of st...
Article
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Cooperation between supply chain partners in the oil industry is essential, especially when oil prices suffer from fluctuations that affect the profitability of each party. An essential task in oil field development projects is to create an optimum agreement between the national oil company and the international oil company to guarantee agreement o...
Conference Paper
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Ham petrol ve buna bağlı rafineri ürünleri gibi tehlikeli maddelerin depolandığı işletmelerde büyük endüstriyel kazaların meydana gelme ihtimalini ortadan kaldırmak ve muhtemel kazaların insan ve çevre üzerine etkilerini en aza indirmek önemli bir iş sağlığı ve güvenliği fenomeni olmuştur. Bu kapsamda "Büyük Endüstriyel Kazaların Önlenmesi ve Etkil...
Technical Report
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En este número ponemos en relieve el arduo trabajo que realizamos los integrantes del proyecto para avanzar en varias líneas de investigación. Muchas gracias a los pescadores y autoridades que nos recibieron! ¡Gracias por seguir apoyándonos!, ¡nos vemos pronto!
Preprint
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The Miocene Arang Petroleum System - West Natuna Basin The paper was presented in IPA Annual Convention 2022 in Jakarta
Article
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This study investigated the response of petrol prices to variations in domestic and international components. Monthly time series data spanning from 2002M1 to 2021M12 was analysed by means of econometric modelling including the structural Vector autoregression. The structural impulse response function indicated that basic petrol prices respond posi...
Article
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In terms of importance to the transportation industry, jet fuel comes in third place. It is a result of the middle distillation that is used for jets (both commercial and military), as well as in the preparation of food and the heating of homes all over the globe (kerosene). Therefore, the significance of this product cannot be denied, and at the s...
Article
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In this paper, the influences of relative humidity (RH) and concentration of O2 on copper corrosion in H2S-containing LPG (liquid petroleum gas) were studied. The corrosion products obtained in different environments were also analysed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS), grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (...
Article
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Lapangan RB termasuk wilayah kerja blok Rangkas yang berlokasi di propinsi Banten memiliki Petroleum System yang sudah terbukti menghasilkan hidrokarbon. Di beberapa tempat terdapat rembesan minyak tetapi masih belum ada kajian yang mendalam mengenai potensi batuan reservoir penghasil hidrokarbon tersebut. Studi ini dilakukan untuk menentukan jenis...
Article
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In the era of big data, the rich data resources of the petroleum industry not only provide auxiliary decision-making support for the production and scientific research of petroleum enterprises, but also play a vital role in the digital transformation of enterprises. From the perspective of petroleum exploration data management technology, this pape...
Article
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With the use of vehicles, large amounts of carbon dioxide are emitted by combustion of gasoline and energy consumes in their lifecycle. Therefore, the objective of this study is to evaluate the lifecycle carbon emission and primary energy input of a widely used sport utility vehicle (SUV) in China with the lifecycle assessment method. The results s...
Article
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Ambient volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured continuously from January 2018 to December 2020 at an urban site in Zhengzhou (China) to investigate their characteristics, sources, atmospheric oxidation capacity (AOC), and chemical reactivity. During the sampling period, the total concentration of observed VOCs was 94.3±53.1 µg m−3, and alk...
Chapter
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Los procesos históricos relacionados con la explotación petrolera dentro del capitalismo actual, plantean la necesidad de crear un conjunto de propuestas estructuradas con la finalidad de construir herramientas de análisis que permitan entender los múltiples factores que intervienen durante la exploración y producción de petróleo en una región y su...
Article
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Recycling waste plastics is one of the important ways to save petroleum resources and reduce carbon emissions. However, the current recycling rate of waste plastics is still low. Material flow analysis can help determine the flow of waste plastics, and life cycle assessment (LCA) can be used to quantify environmental impacts. The present study inte...
Article
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This article classifies petrol retail companies in Spain based on their financial ratios using the Compositional Data Analysis (CoDA) methodology. This methodology solves the most common distributional problems encountered in the statistical analysis of financial ratios. The main purpose of this article is to show that with the CoDA methodology, ac...
Article
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La denominada crisis de los contenedores, surgida como resultado de las medidas de confinamiento para enfrentar la pandemia de la covid-19, evidenció, una vez más, la importancia económica de China. En esta ocasión, en la cadena global de suministros, dado su papel de «fábrica del mundo» (Tamames, 2013, p. 201). China representa el 35 % de la produ...
Article
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In this work we investigated the inhibiting effect of sodium citrate, an environmentally safe corrosion inhibitor, on low-alloy steel 09G2S in a neutral environment using electrochemical methods. Potentiodynamic studies showed that sodium citrate reduces corrosion currents of 09G2S steel in a 0.1% NaCl solution and reaches its maximum efficiency at...
Conference Paper
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Background: • Highly mature basin needs new approaches to dealing with seal-related exploration risk Objectives: • To synthesize regional tectonic evolution as well as local structural framework which influences basin seal potential. • To understand hydrocarbon seal-leakage behavior as part of SSB petroleum system characterization. • To generate CR...
Article
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Currently, Pakistan is in a stage of urbanization and industrialization, raising its energy demand and supply and carbon dioxide emissions (CO2Es) due to the excessive use of fossil fuels. In meeting future demand and supply predictions, much emphasis should be given to both energy consumption and the level of inter-factor and inter-fuel substituti...
Book
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O pernambucano Maurício Bezerra de Souza Júnior formou-se em Engenharia Química pela UFPE em 1986, tendo realizado mestrado (1989) e doutorado (1993) pelo Programa de Engenharia Química (PEQ) da COPPE/UFRJ. É professor da área de Controle de Processos, tendo atuado inicialmente na UFRRJ (1990-1995) e na UFPE (1995-1998). Desde 1998, é docente da Es...
Article
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ABSTRACT Firewood is still a major source of household energy in most parts of the world, including Brazil. This study establishes baseline fuelwood consumption for domestic cooking by rural families in Bahia, Brazil, as part of a socioenvironmental project centered on stove substitution. The project, titled “Fogão do Mar” (Seaside Stove), engaged...
Article
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The purpose of the Discrimination of Accelerants Using FTIR experiment was to generate spectrums for six samples and unknown sample for comparison. The experiment aimed to use FTIR to generate spectra of a range of common accelerants found at fire scenes. The second aim was to learn how to read and interpret FTIR spectra. The third aim was to ident...
Article
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Due to global climate change, various countries have agreed upon the use of conventions. In this study, the eco-friendly vehicular policy on carbon neutrality implemented in Seoul, Korea, was examined. To this end, various policy-based scenarios were set, and the changes in automotive exhaust gas emissions were evaluated and compared. The evaluatio...
Preprint
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We introduce the vanishing adsorption criterion for contact discontinuities and apply it to the Glimm-Isaacson model of chemical flooding of a petroleum reservoir. We prove that this criterion, which derives from a physical effect, justifies the admissibility criteria adopted previously by Keyfitz-Kranzer, Isaacson-Temple, and de Souza-Marchesin fo...
Chapter
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Petrol, keşfedildiği andan itibaren dünya üzerinde kullanımının en yüksek olduğu enerji ve hammadde kaynağı olarak küresel bir siyasi ve ekonomik etki alanına sahiptir. Uğruna savaşların ve iç karışıklıkların yapıldığı petrolün coğrafi konumuna bağlı olarak geliştirilen jeopolitik ve petropolitik konularının araştırıl�ması, petrolün ekonomik sür...
Conference Paper
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The present study emphasizes the usefulness of machine learning (ML) workflows in prediction of missing logs. In petroleum exploration, the sonic log (DT) is mainly used for the calculation of reservoir porosity and pursuing petro-physical studies and geological analysis. However, sometimes these logs do not exist in the well record either due to d...
Article
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Resumen El objetivo principal de este trabajo es analizar cuáles fueron los principales entramados comerciales que giraron en torno a la actividad pesquera. Al mismo tiempo, se abordará el surgimiento de los ascendentes sectores burgueses. Por otra parte, esta investigación contempla la expansión comercial del país al tiempo que se afianzaba este n...
Article
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Fragmentación hidráulica (Fracking) y su relación con la generación de sismos, así como otros importantes efectos adversos. INTRODUCCIÓN La genialidad del Ser Humano ha llegado a límites inimaginables, las adversidades nos han orillado realizar obras de ingeniería que parecerían increíbles de no ser porque en realidad existen. Me refiero a técnicas...
Article
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The COVID-19 virus is a pandemic that, from the outset, alters its appearance and symptoms. It has aggressively spread around the world. The COVID-19-induced fear and uncertainty are disrupting the global economy and exacerbating financial market volatility. The most impacted countries were the United States, the United Kingdom, India, and Pakistan...
Article
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Many types of volcanic rock oil and gas reservoirs have been found in China, showing great petroleum exploration potential. Volcanic reservoir also is one of the key fields of exploration in the Junggar Basin and mainly concentrated in the middle and shallow layers, while the deep volcanic rock and natural gas fields have not been broken through. B...
Thesis
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Non-renewable energy resources play a vital role in the global economy. It is considered as one of the most important economic variables that shape the trends of foreign direct investment (FDI). Egypt’s current energy mix is mainly based on non-renewable energy sources. In 2020, thermal sources accounted for about 90.2% of the total nominal capacit...
Article
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The Internet of Things (IoT) has recently developed opportunities for various industries, including the petrochemical industry, that allow for intelligent manufacturing with real-time management and the analysis of the produced big data. In oil production, extracting oil reduces reservoir demand, causing oil supply to fall below the economically vi...
Chapter
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Cette étude ethnographique a pour but de faire une analyse critique des dynamismes engendrés par les projets extractifs dans les zones productrices, à l’aune du concept de la responsabilité sociale de l’entreprise (RSE) analysé comme pratique de dés/enchevêtrement. D’un côté, les pratiques contemporaines de responsabilité sociale des entreprises pe...
Preprint
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We present a parametric energy/financial analysis of a potential solar farm/energy storage facility adjacent to the British Petroleum (BP) Cherry Point Refinery. The idea has been discussed for years but no ground has been broken, perhaps because sunnier venues further south may seem more suitable. Despite its northern location, our analysis sugges...
Chapter
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Conceito que traduz os aumentos sucessivos e maciços do preço do petróleo em 1973-1974 (primeiro choque) e em 1979-1982 (segundo choque), o que provocou perdas comerciais e industriais, o aumento do desemprego e da inflação, travando o crescimento económico da maioria dos países ocidentais. A guerra israelo-árabe dos seis dias e o conflito Irão-Ira...
Article
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The prediction of facies distribution is an important challenge in the hydrocarbon industry because it affects the evaluation of the petroleum system and the reduction of uncertainties. To predict the facies distribution of the fluvial deposits that gave origin to the Bajo Barreal Formation a Stratigraphic Forward Model (SFM) was built by simulatin...
Article
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Background: Article 33, Section 3 of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia states, "Land and water and the natural resources therein shall be under state control and shall be used for the maximum prosperity of the people." Therefore, according to Article 33, Section 3 of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia, Indonesia's n...
Article
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Aspilia (africana) latifolia, a screambling weed, has been assayed to investigate its widely acclaimed medicinal value amonst West African herbalist. Light petroleum either extracts of the pulverized leaves and mechanolic acid extract of the flowers were screened for antimicrobial activities against Oxford staphylococcus aureus
Conference Paper
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The exploration of oil and gas in fold-and-thrust belts (FTB) is considered a risky activity due to the complex of structural styles and the difficulty in analyzing the processes of migration, charge and preservation of hydrocarbons during the tectonic evolution of structures in such areas. A method that contributes to improve the understanding...
Article
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Resumo Os severance packages (“pacotes de indenização”) são pagamentos concedidos a executivos de alto escalão para mitigar problemas de gestão, como a aversão ao risco. Quando o plano de incentivo estipula a aquisição do controle como hipótese de disparo da indenização, o benefício passa a assumir a forma de um golden parachute e serve também como...
Article
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Petroleum products are derivatives of crude oil with long chain hydrocarbon. The fate of an event of spilling of these derivatives in an ecosystem dominated by a natural colonizing nitrogen fixing leguminous plant: Mucuna pruriens is the emphasis of this study. Petroleum products (. these treatments were replicated six times making it forty-eight p...
Conference Paper
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The Golfo San Jorge basin has more than 100 years of history in the exploration and production of hydrocarbons in Argentina, with the main petroleum system associated to the Chubut Group. Nonetheless, the chronostratigraphic framework of this unit is immature, affecting the comprehension of the basin evolution. The Codo del río Senguerr anticline i...
Chapter
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Face à la situation énergivore qui ne cesse d'augmenter en Algérie, la SONATRACH s'est engagée dans une recherche systématique d'hydrocarbures, aussi bien dans le Sahara que dans le Nord ; y compris en offshore. Si au Sahara les principaux réservoirs sont silicoclastiques, dans le Nord il apparait que les carbonates présentent des perspectives très...
Conference Paper
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The geothermal gradients in the fore-arc and back-arc of Ecuador were calculated through a lineal regression using BHT (bottom hole temperatures) measured at several depths and in different locations along the sedimentary basins. BHT was corrected by applying the AAPG empirical method and comparing it with BHT corrected by Horner method, DST and PV...
Conference Paper
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The Quintuco Fm. in the Puesto Morales oil field has significant undeveloped oil reserves, that couldn´t be effectively developed with vertical wells with single hydraulic frac completions or horizontal multifraced wells. The Quintuco Fm. Reservoirs are dolomitic and are located at the base of parasequences separated by anhydritic levels. The commi...
Article
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Natural gas is a fossil fuel that has been widely used for various purposes, including residential and industrial applications. The combustion of natural gas, despite being more environmentally friendly than other fossil fuels such as petroleum, yields significant amounts of greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, the optimization of natural gas consu...
Article
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The field of biocatalysis is envisioned as an important contributor to the development of bioprocesses producing molecules that can replace those derived from oil, while maintaining the durability and resistance characteristics offered by petroleum-based materials. In the search for substitutes for petroleum derivatives, the compounds belonging to...