Science topic

Pesticide Residues - Science topic

Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.
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Publications related to Pesticide Residues (10,000)
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Background A method is now available to quantify the number of pesticide residues and relative pesticide dietary risks in individual servings of food. The Dietary Risk Index (DRI) system combines the results of United States and United Kingdom pesticide residue testing programs with data on food serving sizes and each pesticide’s chronic Reference...
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In this work, a sensitive and cost-effective method for the quantitative analysis of azole pesticides residues in six medicinal plants was established based on magnetic cyclodextrin crosslinked with tetrafluoroterephthalonitrile (Fe3O4@TFN-CDPs) coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Through characterization analysis, the outer...
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Objectives: International food safety standards having a great interest in public health and setting legislative Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) of the host country with respect to applied agrochemicals. India is the leading country known for its highest tonnage per hector grape yield due to the favorable microclimatic conditions. Present investigati...
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Vegetables are the principal sources of vitamins and minerals that we essentially need. Despite India vegetable production sector being the second largest producer, next only to China, it suffers from 30-40% losses due to poor pre-harvest and postharvest practices. Application of insecticides at pre-harvest and fungicides at postharvest leaves the...
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Increase in global population has resulted in considerable accumulation of wastes in the environment which eventually reach the surrounding waterbodies. Anthropogenic waste leads to deterioration of water quality, making it unsuitable for further use. The water coming after anthropogenic interference are mostly left out untreated, and may contain c...
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The essence of pesticides application is for the control of varieties of weeds, disease-causing organisms, and pests that are capable of causing damage to plants. But unregulated pesticides usage in frequently it’s highly harm for surrounding environment and agriculture products. Pesticides are used to increase crop productivity especially in tea g...
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Food safety risks are becoming a public health problem with important socioeconomic consequences for human wellbeing, especially for pregnant women and infants. In this article, we describe findings from microbiological, toxicological, and nutritional quality assessments of foods from 5 localities in Burkina Faso, with the aim to provide baseline d...
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Pesticide Residue Detection In article number 2201133 by Georgios A. Sotiriou and co‐workers, flame aerosol technology is used for the rapid self‐assembly of uniform surface‐enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sensing films. These robust nano‐sensors can detect pesticide residues on apple surface in a short time of 5 minutes without destroying the fru...
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Residue analyses were conducted for 283 pesticide active ingredients on pepper samples collected from the local markets (between April and November) of Çanakkale province of Turkey by using QuEChERS method and LC–MS/MS and GC–MS/MS devices. In present pepper samples, 35 different pesticide residues were detected. About 25.0% (27 samples) of present...
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Two species of freshly harvested Bambara nut were analyzed for organophosphate and organochlorine pesticide residue using GC-FID and GC-ECD. The risk associated with the consumption of the Bambara nut was evaluated using the health risk index (HRI) and the probable cancer risk (PCR). A maximum of thirteen (13) organochlorines and eight (8) organoph...
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The first proficiency testing of pesticides in fruits and vegetables in Indonesia is reported. This report covers the findings of five-year proficiency testings. Every year, from 2016 to 2020, 18–25 laboratories join the proficiency testings and analyze 5–11 pesticides in tomato, orange, lettuce, brown rice, strawberry respectively. The number of l...
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Evaluation of Pharmacopocial he recent increase in the demand of herbal drugs has pressed henee their standardization and quality control. 1he Drug Standardisation Reseawh Unit under the Central Council ol Rescarch in Unani Medicine is engaged n developing the standards of classical Unani lormulations. Habb Hind1 Chashm Standards with HPTLC IS one...
Chapter
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Access to healthy and safe food is a fundamental human right, an elementary human necessity, and a primary determinant of human health, including the main components of food availability, access, utilization, and stability. The rapid globalization of food trade, climate change, increase in the world’s population, cost-push inflation, pandemics, and...
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Since the time Hippocrates man has made the use the different Unani medicines for the treatment of various ailments and still vast majority of population depends on these drugs. So the herbal drugs are gaining more and more attention all over the world due to their long historical clinical practice and less side effects. "Qurs-e-Zarishk" is one of...
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he traditional systems of medicine, including Unani Medicine, are beingextensively used in primary health care. These medicines have lesser sde elfects and play a significant role in maintaining human health. In high altitude areas, traditional medicines are the first line of treatment for upper respiratory diseases. Considering their increasing po...
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In this study, the dissipation behavior and dietary exposure risk of eight pesticides in Brussels sprout were evaluated under greenhouse conditions. Brussels sprout samples were collected 0, 7, 14, and 21 days after the last pesticide treatment. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry was used for sample analysis....
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The food and environmental safety debate extends to the use of pesticides in agriculture including the wine sector, which is one of the most intensive pesticide users across the agricultural sector. Pesticide utilisation is a common agricultural practice to protect fruits and plants from pathogens and insects while maintaining high production level...
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Background and Objective: The production of safe foods for consumption is an important issue worldwide. Pesticide application is being used in recent agricultural practices to cultivate crops. Their use can have serious impacts on the health of humans. This research work aims to assess pesticide residues in carrot samples from Kaduna and Plateau St...
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Pesticides from decades are used not only in the agricultural fields for the increase in food production but also for public health protection. More than 1000 different organic and inorganic compounds are used as pesticides. Most widely used pesticides are organochlorine pesticides, which are not only toxic but persist in the environment for decade...
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The presence of pesticide residues in groundwater, many years after their phase out in European Union verifies that the persistence in aquifer is much higher than in other environmental compartments. Currently used and banned pesticides were monitored in Northern Greece aquifers and a human health risk assessment was conducted. The target compounds...
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Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has attracted much attention because of its high sensitivity, high speed, and simple sample processing, and has great potential for application in the field of pesticide residue detection. However, SERS is susceptible to the influence of a complex detection environment in the detection of pesticide residue...
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This study aimed to determine organochlorine pesticide residues which include dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene, dieldrin and aldrin), were detected in all the studies fish samples. Highest levels of these pesticides were observed in the gills of Auchenogianis occidentals compared to other tissues. This study revealed that pesticide residue levels i...
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Arthropods can host well-developed microbial communities, and such microbes can degrade pesticides and confer tolerance to most types of pests. Two cultures of the stored-product mite Tyrophagus putrescentiae, one with a symbiotic microbiome containing Wolbachia and the other without Wolbachia, were compared on pesticide residue (organophosphate: p...
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Measurement uncertainty is a non-negative parameter that characterizes the dispersion of the quantity values attributed to a measurand, based on the information used. This work outlines top-down evaluations of the measurement uncertainty in the analysis of pesticide residues by using precision and bias data. Since 2009, a European Standard for vege...
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Bacteria employ secondary metabolism to combat competitors, and xenobiotic metabolism to survive their chemical environment. This project has aimed to introduce a bacterial collection enabling comprehensive comparative investigations of those functions. The collection comprises 120 strains ( Proteobacteria , Actinobacteria and Firmicutes ), and was...
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Acetamiprid (ACE) is widely used to control aphids, brown planthoppers, and other pests in agricultural production. However, ACE is difficult to degrade in the environment, resulting in excessive residue, which causes acute and chronic toxicity to human beings and non-target organisms. Therefore, the development of a rapid, convenient, and highly s...
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Detergents containing abrasive talc particles for washing fruits and vegetables were designed and investigated. Detergent prototypes were developed with the following composition: 40% talc particles, 1.5% surfactants, 5% ethyl alcohol, 1% sodium citrate, 1% sodium carbonate, 1.5% glycerin, and 0.5% preservative. Xanthan gum (0.5% concentration) was...
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Pesticides are commonly used to protect plants against various pests and to preserve crops, but their residues can be harmful for human health. They are the third most widely reported hazard category in the European Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF). The purpose of the study was to identify the most frequently notified pesticides in the...
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In this study, we investigated whether the levels of heavy metal and pesticide residues in herbal decoctions in Korea in 2019 were within normal limits. In total, 30 decoctions composed of multi-ingredient traditional herbs were sampled from traditional Korean medicine (TKM) clinics, TKM hospitals, and external herbal dispensaries in 2019. The deco...
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Wasted Plastic Pesticide Containers (WPPC) represent the end-of-life cycle of used agrochemicals. Optimal treatment of these containers is necessary to protect both human health and the environment. In Europe, WPPC are typically rinsed after use and landfilled along with commingled Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). There seems to be no Life Cycle Assess...
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Female infertility has a multifactorial origin, and exposure to contaminants, including pesticides, with endocrine-disrupting properties is considered to be involved in this reproductive disorder, especially when it occurs during early life. Pesticides are present in various facets of the environment, and consumers are exposed to a combination of m...
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Objectives This study aimed to provide an assessment of chlorothalonil's possible carcinogenic risk posed to the public. In combination and comparison with the non-carcinogenic risk, the results hopefully could provide useful insights, early warning, and references for policy formulation. Methods This study firstly investigated the occurrence of c...
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Pesticide residues have been a focus of attention of food safety. Different varietal pakchoi plants grown in open fields were studied to understand effects of morphology, leaf wax content, and vitamin C on the deposition, dissipation, and metabolism of chlorothalonil. The loose pakchoi plants and flat leaves were conducive to pesticide deposition,...
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Pesticides are commonly applied in market gardening to improve productivity and pest control. Pesticide residues could be persistent in vegetables and generate a potential health hazard for consumers. This study has been carried out in Tunisia to assess the perceived risk of consumers exposed to pesticide residues remaining in vegetables. Two surve...
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This research article aims to establish an easy and well-defined analytical method for detection and quantification of multiclass pesticides in Gomti river water samples because the increased agricultural activities, industrialization, and urbanization had increased the presence of pesticides in the ecosystem which causes the depletion of water qua...
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Esterase, as a type of powerful catabolic enzyme for the degradation of pyrethroid pesticides (PYRs), appears promising in improving the quality of crops and the environment contaminated by pesticide residues. The purpose of this research is to provide a detailed introduction to the enzymatic properties, optimal production and immobilization condit...
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European Union Reference Laboratory method for Fruits and Vegetables (EURL-FV-2010-M1) for the quantification of pesticide residues was verified for the determination of multiple pesticide residues in okra. The targeted pesticides were extracted using acetonitrile with citrate buffer salts followed by cleanup with primary secondary amine (PSA) and...
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Herein, a core-shell [email protected] nanoparticles modified 2D Ni-MOF nanosheets ([email protected]) surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate was prepared for fast determination of pesticide residues in fruit and vegetable samples. [email protected] with controllable sizes were in-situ grown onto 2D Ni-MOF nanosheets to modulate the ele...
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Exposure to pesticides is a major threat to bumblebee (Bombus spp.) health. In temperate regions, queens of many bumblebee species hibernate underground for several months, putting them at potentially high risk of exposure to soil contaminants. The extent to which bumblebees are exposed to residues in agricultural soils during hibernation is curren...
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This study assessed concentrations of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables from farm-to-fork in Kampala Metropolitan Area, Uganda. A total of 160 samples of fruit and vegetables collected from farms, markets, streets, restaurants and homes were analysed using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry; and Gas Chromatograph–Mass Spectrom...
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The use of pesticides in agricultural sectors is rising due to the growing demand for food in the world, but the presence of pesticide residues in agricultural commodities has become a major health concern for consumers and is associated with problems of food safety. Pesticides in meats and milk were derived from feeds. The present study was conduc...
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The herbicide atrazine has been extensively applied to several crops, and its accumulation in soils and waters can cause environmental impacts and risks to human health. Remediation of contaminated areas has become a global concern, and biochar stands out as an emerging technology for the sorption of pesticides residues. This systematic review aims...
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Pesticides are used to protect crops from pests and diseases. However, as many pesticides are toxic to humans, it is necessary to assess methods that can remove pesticide residues from agricultural products before human consumption. Spinach is consumed immediately after a relatively simple washing and heating process in the Republic of Korea. Cyant...
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Sustainable cultivation and safe agricultural production are needed to ensure the safety of all living organisms and ecosystems. Most agricultural foods currently contain unacceptable levels of pesticide residues. In an attempt to ensure pest control and high crop yields, farmers spray a large number of pesticides in quantities that exceed the safe...
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In recent years, organic food, produced with the use of natural means and production methods, has been gaining more and more popularity among consumers. This is due, inter alia, to their belief that it is more abundant in health-promoting bioactive compounds and safer than conventional food. Consumers are increasingly aware of the harmfulness of pl...
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The presence of pesticide residues in agricultural products is posing serious health concerns for consumers. This study monitored the concentrations of pesticide residues in some selected fruit and vegetables, and their potential health risks were also assessed. Organochlorine (OCPs) and organophosphate (OPPs) residues were extracted and quantified...
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At present, pesticide residue testing is done by professionals in the laboratory, because test results are not fast enough for market demand. The process of taking data is cumbersome and error‐prone; although some operators have developed wireless pesticide residue detectors. But its' Internet of Things (IoT) system can only upload detection result...
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Fungicides are applied from plant development to grape production, transport, and storage. Even after fruit processing, residues of these compounds can be present in grape by-products such as wine and juice. In this way, a fast and straightforward method based on solvent demulsification-dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (SD-DLLME) sample pre...
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The Rio de Ondas Hydrographic Basin (ROHB), Bahia state, Brazil, is located in a region with abundant water resources and is highly impacted by intense agricultural activity. In such a scenario, the use of organochlorine pesticides can represent a potential risk to the aquatic environments, due to their persistence, high bioaccumulation capacity, a...
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Organophosphorus pesticides are widely used in industrial agriculture and have been associated with water pollution and negative impacts on local ecosystems and communities. There is a need for testing technologies to detect the presence of pesticide residues in water sources, especially in developing countries where access to standard laboratory m...
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This study was carried out to determine the pesticide residue levels and health risk assessments in tomato, pepper, and cucumber grown in Tokat province of Turkey. A residue analytical method was verified to determine 260 pesticides by using a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Pesticide solutions at 10 and 50 µg kg­¹ doses...
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Chemical pesticides are largely applied worldwide for the control of agricultural pests, and often cause lethal and sublethal side effects on natural enemies. To determine the compatibility of chemical pesticides, commonly used by maize growers, with Trichogramma ostriniae, the toxicities of four herbicides (pendimethalin, topramezone, glyphosate,...
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The direct injection of acetonitrile sample extracts using GC-MS/MS is a challenging task in specific matrices of high polar components, like strawberries. In the current study, strawberry samples were extracted by acetonitrile and subsequently cleaned up using increased amounts of primary secondary amine and anhydrous magnesium sulfate. Furthermor...
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Modern agricultural production is greatly dependent on pesticide usage, which results in severe environmental pollution, health risks and degraded food quality and safety. Molecularly imprinted polymers are one of the most prominent approaches for the detection of pesticide residues in food and environmental samples. In this research, we prepared m...
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The Volcán River watershed in the south Pacific of Costa Rica comprises forests, small urban settlements, cattle fields, and intensive agriculture (mostly pineapple and sugarcane). The ecological integrity and quality of its waters was assessed from 2011–2013 and 2018–2019 by means of physical–chemical parameters (pH, conductivity, temperature, DO,...
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Recently, filter paper (FP)-based surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates have stimulated significant attention owing to their promising advantages such as being low-cost, easy to handle, and practically suitable for real-field applications in comparison to the solid-based substrates. Herein, a simple and versatile approach of laser-abl...
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The study was carried out to determine and compare pesticide residue levels in tomatoes from Mwea Irrigation Scheme. Thirty five tomato samples of Rambo variety randomly collected from open fields, greenhouses, markets and consumers were analyzed using QuEChERS method. Results showed that pesticide residue leve;s from greenhouse tomatoes was higher...
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Pesticides play an important role in agricultural development. However, pesticide application can result in both acute and chronic human toxicities, and the adverse effects of pesticides on the environment and human health remain a serious problem. There is therefore a need to discuss the application methods for pesticides, the routes of pesticide...