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Personality Psychology - Science topic

Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and individual differences.
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Publications related to Personality Psychology (3,752)
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Teams are central to human accomplishment. Over the past half-century, psychologists have identified the Big-Five cross-culturally valid personality variables: Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness. The first four have shown consistent relationships with team performance. Agreeableness (being harmonious, altruist...
Article
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People’s intentional pursuit of prosocial goals and values (i.e., well-doing) is critical to the flourishing of humanity in the long run. Understanding and promoting well-doing is a shared goal across many fields inside and outside of social and personality psychology. Several of these fields are (partially) disconnected from each other and could b...
Article
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Research has suggested that sacrifices are made to manage the work-home interface. They have been however, related to various deleterious effects. Drawing from self-determination theory, we argue that the sacrifice of psychological needs is worse than the sacrifice of activities such as maintenance and leisure in terms of personal functioning. The...
Article
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This study aimed to analyze the mediating effect of tolerance of uncertainty (TU) and trait anxiety (TA) on future self-continuity (FSC) and intention to use Internet wealth management (IUIWM) systems. A questionnaire survey was distributed online and a total of 388 participants completed questionnaire, The questionnaire included the following scal...
Article
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Background: Cancer diagnosis is associated not only with health problems but also with psycho-social disability. Both medical and non-medical problems have impacts on cancer patients' quality of life. The aim of the study was the identification of cognitive emotion regulation strategies among cancer patients during radiotherapy. Methods: The stu...
Article
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Using Grandey’s model of emotional labor, this study attempted to reveal the effects of cultural and social factors on teachers’ emotions. Specifically, taking a sample of 3312 Chinese teachers, we examined the effects of power distance (PD) and emotional labor on emotional exhaustion, focusing on the mediating role of emotional labor with differen...
Article
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Yumi's Cell Live Action originally was a webtoon series adapted into Korean Drama (K - Drama) and aired from 17th September 2021 until 30th October 2021 with a total of 14 episodes. The webtoon series originally published 512 chapters, however, the K - Drama version so far only covers the first part of the webtoon series, from chapter 1 until chapt...
Preprint
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Personality psychology seeks to understand not only individuals’ dispositional traits, but also other components of personality, including self-defining life narratives. Past studies linking traits to narrative themes have largely focused on the Big Five. In the present study, 219 U.S. undergraduates completed the Big Five Aspect Scales, which meas...
Article
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The current study addresses two antecedents that may serve to explain teachers’ online instructional practices during the COVID-19 pandemic: first, the professional aspect that deals with suitable training of teachers and school support for distance learning, and second, informed by the professional aspect, the personal (psychological) aspect that...
Article
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At the beginning of 2020, COVID-19 became a global problem. Despite all the efforts to emphasize the relevance of preventive measures, not everyone adhered to them. Thus, learning more about the characteristics determining attitudinal and behavioral responses to the pandemic is crucial to improving future interventions. In this study, we applied ma...
Article
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Background There is a complex and inconsistent relationship between bullying involvement and self-harmful thoughts and behaviour (SHTB) in young people. This novel systematic review aims to establish key interacting, moderating and mediating variables associated with SHTB in young people involved in bullying. Methods The systematic review was regi...
Article
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Despite having a significant impact on the personal, psychological, and social dimensions of a person's health, health professionals' emphasis on the epidemiological, pathological, and physiological basis of the dysfunctional breathing, therefore, fails to provide patients with an appropriate treatment. Given the multifarious and psychophysiologica...
Article
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Introduction: Self-compassion is a new concept in personality psychology which it is based on discussed ideas in Buddhist beliefs. The purpose of this study is to predict self-efficacy and self-esteem based on self-compassion. Method: The research design is correlation. The statistical population included all students of Gilan University in 2014-20...
Article
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This article examines contemporary scientific approaches to the issues of postmodern transformations of rural tourism development. The contradictions between the present postmodern society and the information-technological development of the rural areas in Ukraine are highlighted. Evidently, Ukraine does not fully use the new opportunities that ema...
Article
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Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric condition caused by encountering or enduring traumatic or life-threatening events. Traumatic stress causes a wide range of psychological and physiological effects. PTSD has significant psychological consequences that can negatively impact a person's daily life and even put their life in jeopard...
Article
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It is unknown which families are at risk for poor outcomes following a child's critical illness. Objectives: To evaluate if pediatric septic shock severity is associated with caregiver distress and family dysfunction throughout the year postadmission and if caregiver outcomes are associated with child health-related quality of life (HRQL). Desig...
Article
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Dyadic coping (DC), how couples cope together to deal with a stressor like chronic illness, has received increased attention over the last three decades. The aim of the current study was to summarize the current state of research on DC in couples. We conducted a scoping review of qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods studies published betwee...
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Introduction Quality of Life (QoL) is an important consideration in patients with abdominal wall hernia (AWH). What matters to patients and their everyday experience living with AWH may depend on a variety of personal, psychological, social and environmental factors. At present, no study has addressed what is important to this particular group of p...
Article
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The colloquial concept of ‘baby brain’ suggests that throughout pregnancy and into the immediate postpartum period, women have reduced cognitive abilities and are more distracted, forgetful, and incompetent. To date, a plethora of cognitive and neuropsychological research testing the cognitive functioning of pregnant women relative to other groups...
Article
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The aim of this research was to find out which factors influenced people who originally planned a summer holiday when surveyed at the time of pandemic peak and at the time of pandemic remission. The research was conducted on a representative sample of population of Slovakia surveyed via agency. Binary logistic regression has revealed that out of 18...
Article
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This article presents an integrative conceptual model of motivational interdependence in couples, the MIC model. Based on theoretical tenets in motivation psychology, personality psychology, and research on interpersonal perception, the MIC model postulates that two partners' motive dispositions fundamentally interact in shaping their individual mo...
Article
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En este trabajo se correlacionaron la personalidad normal ‒medida a través del modelo de los Cinco Factores‒, el bienestar psicológico y la calidad de vida asociada con la salud en un grupo de mujeres diagnosticadas con fibromialgia, para lo cual se realizó un estudio cuantitativo ex post facto de corte transversal y nivel correlacional con 98 muje...
Article
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Social distancing negatively impacts dietary, exercise and psychological health of the bariatric population. We aim to evaluate the impact of quarantine on post-Metabolic Surgery (MS) compared to medical weight management patients (MM) and discuss potential strategies for their personalized care. We recruited and compared 129 MS and 143 MM patients...
Technical Report
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L’incertitude, la complexité et l’ambiguïté sont au coeur des sociétés modernes. Les transformations s’accélèrent et représentent un défi incontournable pour toutes les organisations, publiques comme privées. La solution est souvent recherchée à travers les outils, les processus et les organigrammes, alors qu’il s’agit avant tout d’une démarche col...
Thesis
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This thesis explores the space of prediction of start-up success through founder personality traits, specifically in corporate accelerator setting. The goal of this thesis was to find out whether there are meaningful parameters that can reliably quantify founder personality characteristics, and whether differences can be found between the genera...
Article
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The traditional physical education teaching model in colleges and universities is basically based on “teaching” to teach learning, to cultivate the knowledge and skills of college students, and to master some scientific physical exercise methods and skills. This article was aimed at conducting research based on the practice of 5G technology to help...
Article
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The purpose of the study is to improve the business performance of new ventures. The influence of working environment and innovation behavior on business performance based on personality psychology is studied. First, the relevant theories of new ventures are introduced, and then the structural equation model is displayed. Second, the conceptual mod...
Article
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This paper explores the transformative potential of Commoning for establishing an urban governance arrangement of an inter-municipal slow path connection located on a former railway embankment—the “Berm” in Mortsel, in the Province of Antwerp, Belgium. To do so, this paper makes use of French pragmatist sociology, namely the “Théorie des Cités (TdC...
Research
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es several steps beyond paper qualification and made incursions into the personal psychological dispositions in terms of behavioral antecedents and projections of the teacher. With the turndown of events over the years in Nigeria, the trend of globalization, digital technology, and the mass quest for formal education and certification, the teaching...
Article
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Human–computer interaction (HCI) is particularly interesting because full-immersive technology may be approached differently by users, depending on the complexity of the interaction, users’ personality traits, and their motivational systems inclination. Therefore, this study investigated the relationship between psychological factors and attention...
Article
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Understanding how to “Age Longer and Age Well” is a priority for people personally, for populations and for government policy. Approximately ten percent of nonagenarians reach 90 years and beyond in good condition and seem to have a combination of both age-span and health-span. However, the factors which contribute to human longevity remain challen...
Article
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Background Greater understanding of the influences on participation in life after spinal cord injury (SCI) can inform rehabilitation theory and practice. Careful qualitative inquiry can reveal subjective meanings associated with the relevant experiences, strategies, and perceptions of those with lived experience of SCI. A search of literature, foll...
Chapter
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It is known worldwide that according to Kachru, there are three circles of world Englishes. The first one is the inner circle, then the outer circle, and the last one is the expanding circle. The last one, the expanding circle refers to the countries where English is a foreign language, including Indonesia. People living in the expanding circle may...
Article
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The connection and exchange between the architectural plan and human brain psychology are noteworthy. However, they still persist largely unnoticed or overlooked both within and outside the architectural design field. Thus, this paper presents a discussion on the relationship between architecture and psychology from indoor to outdoor and urban leve...
Article
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"Suffering" patients' wishes concerning hastening their own death by means of euthanasia, raised by personal, psychological, social and other motives, are becoming increasingly common. This raises controversies and marks challenges within both the scientific community and the public. The aim of this study is to investigate physicians' attitudes tow...
Article
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Stress is the response or a change in our bodies to environmental factors like challenges or demands that are physical and emotional. e main cause of stress is illnesses and it is gaining more interest, a hot topic for many researchers. Stress can be brought about by a wide range of normal life occasions that are hard to avoid. Stress generally ref...
Article
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380 УДК 159.923.2 О. С. Штепа O. S. Shtepa. The questionnaire of a personality's psychological resourcefulness: the results of development and approbation of the author's method. The necessity of the operational practical use of the personality's psychological resourcefulness with the help of psychodiagnostic technique is substantiated on the basis...
Article
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The paper focuses on ratings of the perceived seriousness of crimes and how they can be explained in a testable scaling model (SOCID) that shows commonalities and differences among individuals. The model assumes that crimes are first represented on each person’s psychological map. This map can be described as a geometric space spanned by the crimes...
Article
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Background Self-report multiple choice questionnaires have been widely utilized to quantitatively measure one’s personality and psychological constructs. Despite several strengths (e.g., brevity and utility), self-report multiple choice questionnaires have considerable limitations in nature. With the rise of machine learning (ML) and Natural langua...
Article
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This study analyzes the effects of psychological capital and managerial attitudes on the relationship between budgetary participation and management performance in budgeting activities. The study addresses a gap that exists in the budgeting research, tackling the effects of individuals’ mental states and behaviors on the relationship between budget...
Article
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The rapid changes, crises, pandemics, and wars in the modern world introduce new requirements to a person and his/her adaptive resources. All these above-mentioned external factors in the form of separate stressors, and sometimes all together combined, have a complex effect on a person’s psychological well-being. Taking into consideration the need...
Article
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The educational psychology research has witnessed significant changes within the last decades. The evolving nature of educational psychology has also been well portrayed in SLA research over the course of time, and the advancements in individual differences as well as educational and personality psychology have given impetus to a broad line of rese...
Article
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Due to the multifaceted nature of a person's psychological characteristics, various tests are used to identify each of them individually. One of the most important characteristics of a person (qualities, attributes, attributes) is his intellectual level. Intellectual tests are used in the study of intelligence, in particular, their standard and non...
Article
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Objective: To study the effect of health education combined with personalized psychological nursing intervention on pregnancy outcome of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: 170 patients with GDM admitted to Guangdong Women and Children Hospital from January 2018 to December 2018 were selected as study subjects and r...
Article
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Air pollution is a major problem that severely affects the health of inhabitants in developing countries' urban areas. To deal with the problem, they may consider migration to another place as an option, which can result in the loss of skillful and talented workforces. This situation is called the brain drain phenomenon. The current study employed...
Article
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This study was based on ecological systems theory, combined with the concept of localization put forward by Chinese scholars, to explore the influence of the family (family cohesion) and personal (psychological suzhi) factors on middle school students’ aggression. A total of 20,114 middle school students aged 12 to 18 years (M = 14.30, SD = 1.40) c...
Article
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Based on the prediction of social network psychological indicators, this paper studies the analysis model of network users’ personality and psychological characteristics under a high-pressure working environment. Through the analysis of five common network users’ personalities, the characteristics of personality psychology are extracted. Combined w...
Article
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Pharmaceutical sales representatives (PSRs) are one of the most frequently used drug information sources for physicians in both the United States and China. During face-to-face interactions, PSRs use various promotional strategies to impact the prescribing behavior. In the United States, PSRs provide physicians small gifts, free drug samples, and “...
Article
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Objective: To assess quality of life (QOL) after cardiac device implantation using WHO validated questionnaire. Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Study was conducted at Electrophysiology department of AFIC/NIHD Rawalpindi from June 2021 to Sep 2021 Methodology: A total of 135 patients of both genders were...
Article
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With the emergence of personality computing as a new research field related to artificial intelligence and personality psychology, we have witnessed an unprecedented proliferation of personality-aware recommendation systems. Unlike conventional recommendation systems, these new systems solve traditional problems such as the cold start and data spar...
Article
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Human resources and SMEs are an important part of research and scholarship. Though several studies are focused into large scale industries less, research are focused into leadership and personality dimensions in SMEs. Henceforth, an examination into the effect of transformational and transitional leadership as well as varied forms of personality in...
Article
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The origin of present-day Euro-American personality psychology is rooted in the Western notion of individualism. It locates its history in post-industrial revolution of Europe and the post-enlightenment era of America. However, considerable evidences suggest that the study of personality, in terms of different typologies of mental and physical att...
Book
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L’incertitude, la complexité et l'ambiguïté sont de plus en plus présentes dans nos sociétés. Les transformations s'accélèrent et représentent un défi incontournable pour toutes les organisations, publiques comme privées. La solution est souvent recherchée à travers les outils, les processus et les organigrammes alors qu’il s'agit avant tout d'une...
Preprint
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Reflexivity is the act of examining one's own assumptions, beliefs, and judgments, and thinking carefully and critically about how these influence the research process. The practice of reflexivity confronts and questions who we are as researchers and how this guides our research. It is central in debates on objectivity, subjectivity, and the very f...
Article
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Dumitru TODOROI, ASEM, todoroi@ase.md , Aureliu ZGUREANU, zgureanu.aureliu@ase.md, Corina BULGAC, ASEM, corina-777@mail.ru, Dumitru MICUŞA, ULIM, dimamicusha@gmail.com Purpose of the paper: Investigating the need to ensure the intergenerational continuity of social and economic activities with the aim of maintaining and developing spiritual, intell...
Article
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Purpose Consumer adoption of online shopping continues to increase each year. At the same time, online retailers face intense competition and few are profitable. This suggests that businesses and researchers still have much to learn regarding key antecedents of online shopping adoption and success. Based on extensive past research that has focused...
Article
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The article discusses theoretical and methodological issues of studying personality by taking into account the changed reality. In the search of a new methodology in modern psychology of personality there are identified potential points of contact of ideas concerning a processual nature of personality. There are identified on the basis of dynamical...
Article
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Background Chronic low back pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders in different countries. Aims This study aimed to predict the chronicity of nonspecific acute and nonspecific low back pain (LBP) and related risk factors among cases referred to physiotherapy clinics. Design A case-control and cross-sectional study. Settings Two...
Article
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The article describes the experience and results of the study of the concept of personality psychological capital (PsyCap), which is gaining popularity among researchers. We obtained the author's permission to use the PsyCap methodology in the study of the valuemotivational meanings of teaching staff of workers in institutions. The aim of the work...
Article
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Influenced by the flowering of positive psychology in the field of foreign language acquisition research in recent years, the present study aimed to explore the perceived functions of playfulness, as a personality construct, among English as a foreign language (EFL) learners. To this aim, an initial sample of 38 EFL learners were selected randomly...
Article
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Educational institutions, where a variety of factors influence student achievement, student performance is the most important subject as it may make or break the student's carrier. In several educational fields, predicting academic achievement of students has remained a major study concern. The instructor can take appropriate steps to boost student...
Article
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Attitude towards environmental protection is a crucial component in environmental safeguard psychology. It is a psychological tendency expressed by evaluating the environmental gender attitude with favour or disfavour. This study aimed to compare the attitude level of male and female trainees towards environmental protection based on personal, psyc...
Article
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The promotion of mental health, and the prevention of psychological disease, have come increasingly into focus in recent years. This is especially true for adolescents and young adults, who due to their stages in development face unique challenges in achieving good mental health. Among these challenges is the formation of major psychological constr...
Article
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Chronic pain is a complex sensory, cognitive, and emotional experience that imposes a great personal, psychological, and socioeconomic burden on patients. An estimated 1.5 billion people worldwide are afflicted with chronic pain, which is often difficult to treat and may be resistant to the potent pain-relieving effects of opioid analgesics. Attent...
Article
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The great medical advances achieved in the last decades have allowed an unusual increase in life expectancy in a large part of the world population, especially in developed countries. However, this remarkable improvement in the physical health of people contrasts with the high numbers of mental illnesses that plague in many contemporary societies....
Article
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The ageing of society is a significant social and economic challenge in the 21st century Europe. The article analyses loneliness and social isolation among seniors in long-term care (LTC) institutions, as well as how COVID-19 restrictions influence their social isolation. Loneliness and social isolation are different phenomena, but they are interco...
Article
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Background & Objectives: Cardiovascular disease is one of the main noncommunicable diseases. Since cardiovascular diseases are considered psychosomatic diseases, biological and psychological factors should be considered in examining the factors affecting their occurrence. One of the factors that heart patients are involved with and ignore is the in...
Article
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The high prevalence of mental illness in college students results in adverse consequences that have led to developing prevention programs, with the potential of self-monitoring (SM) to reduce symptomatology. SM as indicated in this study intends to help individuals set goals, increase self-regulation, and provide awareness of personal psychological...
Article
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Abstract: The Paper Human Needs Can Be Categorised Into Two, Namely Physiological And Psychological Needs. A Male’s Characteristics Is More Inclined Towards An Extrovert Personality And The Aspects Of Personality Are The Psychophysical Systems In An Individual That Determine The Thinking And Behavioural Features. Personality As Traits In An Individ...