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Performance Measurement - Science topic

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Publications related to Performance Measurement (10,000)
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Article
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This paper maps twenty years of survey research on performance measurement (PM) practices in public sector organizations. Cumulative findings from the discipline of accounting enhance the understanding of public sector PM, its antecedents and effects. Four maps visualize the relationships among key variables from prior research in four empirical se...
Article
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Mg and its alloys evince strong candidature for biodegradable bone implants, cardiovascular stents, and wound closing devices. However, their rapid degradation rate causes premature implant failure, constraining clinical applications. Bio-functional surface coatings have emerged as the most competent strategy to fulfill the diverse clinical require...
Article
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Background Tactical athletes require fast reaction times (RT) along with high levels of vigilance and marksmanship performance. Caffeine has been shown to improve these measures but also results in increased blood pressure and jitteriness. Research on other purine alkaloids, such as methylliberine and theacrine, has suggested they do not increase b...
Article
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The aims of this review are to (1) summarise the current research of sports clothing as it relates to thermoregulation, comfort, and performance during exercise in the heat, (2) identify methodological limitations and gaps in the knowledge base of sports clothing, and (3) provide recommendations for exercise testing protocols to accurately assess t...
Article
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Background There have been longstanding calls for public health systems transformations in many countries, including Canada. Core to these calls has been strengthening performance measurement. While advancements have been made in performance measurement for certain sectors of the health care system (primarily focused on acute and primary health car...
Article
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Over the past two decades, transportation engineers and urban planners have become increasingly interested in using performance measures to capture roadway infrastructure effects on bicyclists' comfort levels. In this study, a tool is developed for evaluating Ohio's local roads and identifying opportunities for improvement. This begins by assessing...
Article
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Background: Unsafe drinking water, poor sanitation and hygiene, exposure to household air pollution and low cognitive and socio-emotional stimulation are risk factors affecting children in low- and middle-income countries. We implemented an integrated home-environmental intervention package (IHIP), comprising a kitchen sink, hygiene education and...
Article
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The influence of SiC particle reinforcement and selected processing variables on the erosion wear behaviour of LM13 alloy was investigated in the present study. The investigation was conducted by implementing an experimental design approach based on the Box-Behnken Response Surface Method design philosophy. 3D response surface plots were developed...
Article
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Objectives Limited studies were found to investigate the occupational performance of autistic children and their parents’ quality of life. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate occupational performance of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and QoL of their mothers. Results In this study, 88 participants were selected from autism cen...
Article
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Purpose/aims: Despite advances in healthcare, the incidence of in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) has continued to rise for the past decade. Identifying those patients at risk has proven challenging. Our objective was to conduct a systematic review of the literature to compare the IHCA predictive performance of machine learning (ML) models with the...
Article
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Background Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory disease that may require biological therapy. Omalizumab is an anti-IgE biologic that was recently approved by the FDA and Health Canada for use in severe CRS with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) recalcitrant to intranasal corticosteroids. Dosing is based on weight and pre-treatment serum IgE, with el...
Article
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This study explores the configurations of people management practices in micro-firms and their relation with entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance in a four-year window. Based on the ability-, motivation- and opportunity-focused practices framework, we identify configurations of HRM practices used in micro-firms and, in conjugation with...
Article
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Queue and delay are the primary performance measures of an intersection. This study aims to determine queue and delay for an approach of a signalized intersection using data obtained from RFID sensors. Model-based estimation schemes were developed for queue estimation that utilized the conservation of vehicles equation as the state equation. Relati...
Article
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This paper investigates the non-GAAP performance measures of the REIT industry, specifically the difference (FFO adjustment) between concurrent FFO and Net Income (NI). Using the U.S. Equity REIT data from 1993 to 2018, we first find evidence that both NI and FFO are associated with REIT market-adjusted stock returns, suggesting both contain inform...
Conference Paper
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In the context of smart cities, high-resolution air quality monitoring with low-cost sensor systems has seen remarkable interest. These systems, however, need frequent recalibration to maintain metrological traceability. Air pollution models based on partial differential equations offer an arbitrary spatial and temporal resolution, but they require...
Article
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Long-term value creation is expected not only to be concerned with maximizing shareholder value but also includes the impact on other stakeholders and the environment. Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) issues are therefore gaining increasing importance, in line with the growing demand for corporate sustainability. ESG ratings foster the c...
Poster
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A substantial proportion of pain relief in various pain treatments can often be assigned to placebo effects (placebo hypoalgesia), which can be triggered by therapeutic suggestions of pain relief or conditioning processes. It has been proposed that the ability to accurately perceive pain (interoceptive accuracy of pain perception) might be an impor...
Preprint
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Artificial intelligence and machine learning have been increasingly applied for prediction in agricultural science. However, many models are typically black boxes, meaning we cannot explain what the models learned from the data and the reasons behind predictions. To address this issue, I introduce an emerging subdomain of artificial intelligence, e...
Article
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In a fast-moving world, transportation consumes most of the time and resources. Traffic prediction has become a thrust application for machine learning algorithms to overcome the hurdles faced by congestion. Its accuracy determines the selection and existence of machine learning algorithms. The accuracy of such an algorithm is improved better by th...
Preprint
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The main in-situ data base for numerical weather prediction currently relies on radiosonde and airliner observations, with large data gaps above the oceans and in polar regions. These gaps might possibly be patched by measurements with drones, which provide a significant improvement towards environment friendly additional data, but so far have not...
Thesis
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Drawing on interviews and fieldwork conducted in two frontline offices in the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV), this dissertation examines how an evidence-based intervention called Individual Placement and Support (IPS) was implemented in street-level activation services. Activation work involves complex tasks of motivating and ass...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this analysis was to assess whether (1) daily vitamin D3 plus calcium supplementation vs. placebo or (2) the mean 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level achieved during a 3-year trial was associated with muscle performance or balance in the Boston STOP IT study. Methods We conducted exploratory analyses in 386 men and women age...
Article
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Retinal fundus images provide valuable diagnostic and clinical information in the diagnosis of ophthalmologic diseases. Retinal blood vessel analysis provides important diagnostic information about thinning of the retinal nerve fiber layer and alteration in the structural appearance of the optic nerve head. Here, an accurate retinal vessel detectio...
Conference Paper
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Global horizontal irradiance (GHI) is the primary driver for photovoltaic (PV) technology. For PV system design and monitoring, hourly and sub-hourly GHI from reanalysis and satellite-based data are frequently used, especially in data-poor regions like Sub-Saharan Africa. However, the use of these datasets is uncertain and need to be assessed in de...
Article
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Procurement continues to receive enormous attention in the public sector of developing countries due to the high amount of financial investment fueled into the function for the acquisition of goods works and services. Amidst the compliance measures such as the public procurement act or regulation instruments introduced to curtail the activities inv...
Article
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Ti6Al4V alloy is widely used in aerospace and medical applications. It is classified as a difficult to machine material due to its low thermal conductivity and high chemical reactivity. In this study, hybrid intelligent models have been developed to predict surface roughness when end milling Ti6Al4V alloy with a Physical Vapor Deposition PVD coated...
Article
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Minimizing the energy consumption to increase the life span and performance of multiprocessor system on chip (MPSoC) has become an integral chip design issue for multiprocessor systems. The performance measurement of computational systems is changing with the advancement in technology. Due to shrinking and smaller chip size power densities on-chip...
Article
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The cloud manufacturing system can provide consumers with on-demand manufacturing services, which significantly improve the utilization rate of distributed manufacturing resources and the response speed of personalized product needs. In the cloud manufacturing platform, the successful implementation of various industrial applications relies on the...
Preprint
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Force production from the trunk flexors and lumbar extensors might be important for maintaining optimal kinematics during physical tasks such as running. This study measured isolated lumbar extension strength and trunk flexor endurance before and after simulating soccer. Reductions in force output between flexors and extensors were compared, alongs...
Article
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Purpose: To build an applied strategic model which is suitable for brick-and-mortar (B&M) retailing in India to achieve sustainable and organic profit. Design/Methodology/Approach: Pragmatism research philosophical paradigm; Abductive research approach; Multi-method choice and longitudinal time horizon for data collection; qualitative and quantita...
Conference Paper
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The accounting is an information system used by decision-makers at the point of performance measurement, comparison, evaluation, and planning. The chemical industry has a leading role in the economic growth and development of countries. In the performance analysis of the chemical industry, traditional methods are mostly used to determine and compar...
Article
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(1) Background: asymmetry is ubiquitous in nature and humans have well-established bilateral asymmetries in structure and function. However, there are (mostly unsubstantiated) claims that bilateral asymmetries may impair sports performance or increase injury risk. (2) Objective: to critically review the evidence of the occurrence and effects of asy...
Article
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Endophenotypes are heritable and quantifiable traits indexing genetic liability for a disorder. Here, we examined three potential endophenotypes, working memory function, response inhibition, and reaction time variability, for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) measured as a dimensional latent trait in a large general population sample...
Article
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Measuring project management performance is complex and requires tools to capture the dynamic nature of the processes involved. Since the conception of system dynamics in the 1950s, the method has been used to solve complex projects. Project management possesses dynamic characteristics that involve planning, human resources, implementation, and con...
Article
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Over the past 2 decades, the use of artificial intelligence (AI) has exponentially increased toward complete automation of structural inspection and assessment tasks. This trend will continue to rise in image processing as unmanned aerial systems (UAS) and the internet of things (IoT) markets are expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate...
Article
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High-performance systems are a prerequisite for profitable borehole thermal-energy storage. This paper presents performance measures for a system operating at a seasonal performance factor of 4.5 and evaluates the life-cycle costs of the actual and alternative system configurations. Compared to systems using dry cooling and electric or district hea...
Article
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Benchmarks are an integral part of machine learning development. However, the most common benchmarks share several limitations. For example, the difference in performance between two models has no probabilistic interpretation, it makes no sense to compare such differences between data sets and there is no reference point that indicates a significan...
Preprint
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Predicting the traffic incident duration is a hard problem to solve due to the stochastic nature of incident occurrence in space and time, a lack of information at the beginning of a reported traffic disruption, and lack of advanced methods in transport engineering to derive insights from past accidents. This paper proposes a new fusion framework f...
Article
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Although the tumble turn in swimming has been studied extensively, no consensus exists about which measure is best suited to capture its performance. The aim of this study was to better understand the implications of choosing a particular distance-based performance measure for assessing and investigating tumble turn performance in freestyle swimmin...
Article
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Performance-related pay (PRP) is a tool used to induce productivity gains by aligning workers and enterprises incentives. In the public sector it involves, in addition to motivation, attracting and maintaining qualified personnel, reducing costs and promoting public objectives. Several countries have adopted PRP in the public sector. PRP in the pub...
Article
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Performance measurement is known as the process carried out by the institutional units in order to assess their ability to accomplish the goals set objectively and effectively, the institutions measure their performance for several reasons including: Improvement, Planning and forecasting competition and rewar. Attention to performance measurement i...
Article
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With the increasing integration of wind power systems into conventional power systems, an accurate wind speed (WS) forecasting technique is essential for the reliable and stable operation of the power grid. The availability of wind energy increases with the correct WS estimation technique. Linear statistical methods such as the Seasonal Auto-Regres...
Article
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Background General practitioners are the main providers of primary care services. To better strengthen the important role of general practitioners in primary healthcare services, China is promoting the general practitioners’ office system. There is a lack of well-accepted methods to measure the performance of general practitioner offices in China....
Article
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Public Administration was born, evolved and modified in conjunction with the current democratic systems, economic pressures and the wishes and needs of its citizens. The management model emerged in 1970-1975, associated with the Neoliberal or Contractualist State. What New Public Management is about, there is not, nor is it possible to imagine, a s...
Article
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Resistance value (R-value) is one of the basic subgrade stiffness characterizations that express a material’s resistance to deformation. In this paper, artificial intelligence (AI)-based models—especially M5P, support vector machine (SVM), and Gaussian process regression (GPR) algorithms—are built for R-value evaluation that meets the high precisio...
Article
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Purpose: The main aim of this research was to understand the financial matrix for supply chain performance measurement. The specific objectives were to determine main financial matrices used to evaluate supply chain performance and determine the characteristics of a good performance measure in supply chain. Design/methodology/approach: This was a c...
Preprint
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Background Simple blood tests can play an important role in identifying patients for cancer investigation. The current evidence base is limited almost entirely to tests used in isolation. However, recent evidence suggests combining multiple types of blood tests and investigating trends in blood test results over time could be more useful to select...
Article
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Reliability analysis using first-order reliability methods (FORM) has been widely used in reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) due to their simplicity and efficiency. The performance of the RBDO is highly dependent on how it deals with the loops of deterministic optimization and reliability analysis as well as the process of reliability ass...
Preprint
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Conflict-Free Vehicle Routing Problems (CF-VRPs) arise in manufacturing, transportation and logistics facilities where Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs) are utilized to move loads. Unlike \textit{Vehicle Routing Problems} arising in distribution management, CF-VRPs explicitly consider the limited capacity of the arcs of the guide path network to avo...
Preprint
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We present a novel neural radiance model that is trainable in a self-supervised manner for novel-view synthesis of dynamic unstructured scenes. Our end-to-end trainable algorithm learns highly complex, real-world static scenes within seconds and dynamic scenes with both rigid and non-rigid motion within minutes. By differentiating between static an...
Article
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In today"s fickle market environment, Supply chain management is a primordial cornerstone for Business to improve a sustainable competitive advantage and to remain within the vanguard of the worldwide competitive market through enhancing organizational effectiveness and higher reaching strategic business goals such as enhanced competitiveness, exte...
Article
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This study aimed to analyze the effects of the diagnostic and interactive use of the performance measurement system (PMS) on organizational learning and improvisational and compositional creativity, considering the moderating effects of competitive intensity. A survey was carried out with education technology startups (EdTechs) of the Brazilian eco...
Article
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In the time of the COVID-19 pandemic, this study evaluates the impact of performance assessment on the employee's performance, as well as the ramification of work-life balance on employee performance. In this study, the population is thepublic hospital employees in the UAE. The total number of samples taken was 350. The sample method utilized is th...
Article
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To turn technologies into successful products, it is necessary to understand the development process from ideas to the market and to know how to measure performance. Performance measurement is critical for technology developers and investors in monitoring whether performance meets expectations to make decisions about actions for improving R&D chara...
Article
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Objectives Regional variation in cancer survival is an important health system performance measurement. We evaluated if regional variation in colon cancer survival may be driven by differences in the patient population, their health and healthcare utilisation, and/or cancer care delivery. Design Population-based retrospective cohort study using ro...
Article
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Medical emergencies in dental practice is not uncommon and it can be alarming to any clinician but it managed well with proper preparation beforehand. This study is aimed to evaluate private dental practitioner's knowledge in dealing with medical emergencies in dental practice, to assess perceived level of competency of private dental practitioners...
Article
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Employees who are performing are assets in an organization to improve effectiveness and efficiency of work. The use of Social Technology has experienced a significant increase in the context of the company to help employee performance. This study proposes a model of employee performance measurement in terms of the use of Social Technology. The meth...
Article
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Given their escalating number and variety, combating malware is becoming increasingly strenuous. Machine learning techniques are often used in the literature to automatically discover the models and patterns behind such challenges and create solutions that can maintain the rapid pace at which malware evolves. This article compares various tree-base...
Book
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Abstract This thesis explores the practice of calculations and their consequences in different professional contexts. Specifically, it aims to extend the discussion on the relationship between accounting and public sector professionals by elaborating on the concept of accountingisation using a performative approach. Accountingisation has been discu...
Article
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Introduction: Action observation therapy (AOT) is a mirror neuron-based approach that has been recently used in poststroke rehabilitation. The main goal of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of AOT of occupations and tasks that are meaningful for chronic stroke patients on occupational performance, upper-extremity function, and cortic...
Article
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The practical Byzantine fault tolerant (PBFT) consensus mechanism is one of the most basic consensus algorithms (or protocols) in blockchain technologies. Thus its performance evaluation is an interesting and challenging topic due to the higher complexity of its consensus work in a peer-to-peer network. This study describes a simple stochastic perf...
Article
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In the absence of appropriate measurement of value-based intermediation (VBI) to improve efficiency for business sustainability, this study aims to analyse the VBI Scorecard’s usage effectiveness based on the Global Alliance for Banking on Values (GABV). The effective utilisation of performance measurement for Islamic banking institutions may ensur...