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Publications related to Penal Law (1,352)
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The aim of this article is to evaluate the definition of the term "The Wound-(Al-Jořh)" in the Jordanian Penal Law by finding out the linguistic meaning of the term and its idiomatic meaning in forensic medicine by taking into account the term definition within the Penal Law added for the term "The wound". Depending on the descriptive-analytical me...
Preprint
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The success of complete systematic land registration (PTSL) which reached 43.7 million in the 4 years between 2017-2021 is monumental for public policy. Instead, from all of PTSL more or less 10% or 40% has a problem concerning the acquisition duty of right on land and building due (in Bahasa call it BPHTB Terutang). BPHTB due to the PTSL program i...
Article
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India is a party to several international laws which speak of the duty to prosecute, investigate, and punish crimes. In light of India’s commitments to international law, the scope of its criminal laws appears to be failing on several counts. The following are a few general and specific recommendations for penal law reforms in India. These have bee...
Article
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The object of this study is selected statistical data on final convictions for sexual offences in Poland. It is assumed in the Polish penal law literature that sexual offences are prohibited acts under the threat of punishment, which are directly related to the sexual life of a human being and the sphere of sexuality. Sexual offences are contained...
Article
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Whereas stalking has been a long-existing phenomenon, its emergence as a legal term is a novelty, and its regulation as a criminal offence is even more recent. As well, in Turkey criminalisation stalking is under consideration. In March 2021, the Government has announced that it would regulate stalking "as a discrete offence" in the Human Rights Ac...
Book
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Bas c Pr nc ples, Def n t ons and Appl cat on Area ARTICLE 1. Cr m nal law protects the r ghts and l berty of the nd v dual t o nclude sanct ons that nterfere w th the grass. Th s s why the country unt l the judge of the cr m nal law ph losophy, values and pr nc ples, t shows the nature of the pol t cal reg me n the country. Indeed, n h story and t...
Article
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In recent years, the sexual abuse of minors and vulnerable adults in the Catholic Church has received much attention. This is also true of the related changes to ecclesiastical legislation. Less attention, however, has been paid to other aspects of the reform. The revised penal law of the Code of Canon Law, in any case, demands closer study from th...
Chapter
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Online child sexual abuse (OCSA) is a serious problem in India and Pakistan. Children are first sexually abused, images of their abuse recorded, and subsequently distributed and uploaded on internet. The offender who is located in one country can upload materials on websites owned and hosted by persons in other countries, and making them available...
Article
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Prior to the approach of human civilization, 'might is correct' was the standard of society yet the progression of society brought the foundation of State which was allocated the task to safeguard every single person's life, freedom and property. Simultaneously, it must be noticed that how much the State is strong and clever, it is preposterous to...
Article
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Understanding the world and Humanity changes due the Globalization phenomenon allows to identify the special conditions created that promote the implementation and the dissemination of the International Organized Criminality, in short time, affecting the International Community in all dimensions. As one of the most serious threats to the Rule of La...
Article
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The Budapest Convention on Cybercrime (2001) and their Additional Protocols (2021) is considered as one coherent international agreement and the base to prevent, combat and criminalize this dangerous crime. The International Law and the national legislations are being developed according to this Convention, based on the strategic (re)action to this...
Conference Paper
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Understanding the world and Humanity changes due the Globalization phenomenon allows to identify the special conditions created that promote the implementation and the dissemination of the International Organized Criminality, in short time, affecting the International Community in all dimensions. As one of the most serious threats to the Rule of La...
Article
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The object of this study is the Draft Law No.3787/2016. The purpose of this draft law is to fill in the Moldovan penal law with norms that would define the concepts of „doctor”, „resident physician” and „healthcare worker”. Also, within Draft Law No.3787/2016 is recommended to tighten the penal liability where the offences are committed either agai...
Conference Paper
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The Budapest Convention on Cybercrime (2001) and their Additional Protocols (2021) is considered as one coherent international agreement and the base to prevent, combat and criminalize this dangerous crime. The International Law and the national legislations are being developed according to this Convention, based on the strategic (re)action to this...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Understanding the world and Humanity changes due the Globalization phenomenon allows to identify the special conditions created that promote the implementation and the dissemination of the International Organized Criminality, in short time, affecting the International Community in all dimensions. As one of the most serious threats to the Rule of La...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Budapest Convention on Cybercrime (2001) and their Additional Protocols (2021) is considered as one coherent international agreement and the base to prevent, combat and criminalize this dangerous crime. The International Law and the national legislations are being developed according to this Convention, based on the strategic (re)action to this...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Budapest Convention on Cybercrime (2001) and their Additional Protocols (2021) is considered as one coherent international agreement and the base to prevent, combat and criminalize this dangerous crime. The International Law and the national legislations are being developed according to this Convention, based on the strategic (re)action to this...
Article
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Cyber crime has become a major area of concern across all the countries in the world, especially India. This is because of the government's active drive to achieve digital emancipation in a country where digital unawareness and low literacy are known to exist. This contrast between the state's aim and present circumstances is directly creating oppo...
Article
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This investigation is dedicated to the Penal law analysis of the offences regarding the wrong use of funds obtained from internal or external loans. There are examined the four constituent elements of these offences. Also there are determined the main differences between the criminalization made before and after Law No.105/2016 entered into force....
Article
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The analysis of the judicial practice shows that the application of environmental liability in respect of the offenses is not lack of some shortcomings. In this study, such shortcomings are analyzed. They refer to the offenses provided by art. 233 "Illegal hunting", art. 234 "Illegal fishing, hunting or other exploitation of the waters" and art. 23...
Article
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The article debates the notion of responsibility regarding the Judeo-Christian ideas of confession and repentance used by professionals of the Uruguayan juvenile justice system. The study follows a critical model of qualitative studies through an empirical and contextualized research process, based on discourse analysis of a sample of case files an...
Presentation
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Krimināllikuma sodu sistēma, sodu veidi Latvian Penal System. Latvian Penal Law, Punishment, deprivation of liberty, community service, fine, restriction of rights, probationary supervision
Article
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The paper searches for the systematic link between the psychological doctrine of Plato's Laws and its theory of punishment. This link can be seen in the ability of emotions (i.e., pleasure and pain) to be harmonized in an individual soul; this ability forms the precondition for the soul's compliance with education and punishment. The penal law cont...
Preprint
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Community transformation has been vital throughout human existence. It deals with community alterations of lifestyle in a new direction. Likewise, Somali communities have been experiencing strings of transformations throughout their lifespan. This transformation starts along with Somali communities' first immigration to the current life experience....
Preprint
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Revelation is unique. It is Allah’s communication with His creatures. In Islam, the Quran initiated the emergence of the Islamic civilization. Turning from the knowledge of revelation to follow the practices of the predecessors, however, was its undoing. With the passage of years, there was an alteration. Under the influence of tradition, Muslims...
Article
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Ukraine carries out intensive judicial cooperation in criminal matters with other European countries. A typical impediment to granting Ukrainian requests for such cooperation (e.g. extradition from another country, taking over Ukrainian criminal proceedings by the requested foreign country, recognition and enforcement of Ukrainian criminal judgment...
Article
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Bu çalışmada Türk hukukunda tefecilik suçu incelenmiştir. Bu kapsamda tefeciliğe dair önce genel çerçeve verilmiş, sonrasında suçun unsurları ele alınmış ve suçun özel görünüm şekillerine değinilmiştir. Akabinde yaptırım, zamanaşımı ve görevli ve yetkili mahkemeye dair esaslar tespit edildikten sonra, uygulamaya dair birtakım bilgilere yer verilmiş...
Article
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This article examines discrimination in the Israeli criminal justice system based on the ethnic origin (Jewish or Arab) of both defendants and judges. It does so by analyzing all the motions to revoke convictions of misdemeanors filed by defendants of both ethnicities in magistrate (trial-level courts) and district courts (middle-level courts) over...
Article
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The concept of crimmigration connotes the currently prevailing approach between the different fields of penal, administrative and migration laws. It seems that, progressively, there is an amalgamation of penal law practices with those of civil and administrative law processes in a way creating confusion as to the boundaries of each law discipline a...
Chapter
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Penstudi ilmu hukum Indonesia mengenal nama Anselm von Feuerbach sebagai pencetus konsep asas legalitas dalam hukum pidana, yang diformulasikan dalam maksim Latin “nullum delictum nulla poena sine praevia lege poenali” (tidak ada delik, tidak ada pidana tanpa ketentuan pidana yang mendahuluinya). Asas legalitas diejawantahkan dalam rumusan Pasal 1...
Article
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Resumo: A ordenação do território é um conceito mais amplo, que compreende o urbanismo. Enquanto bem jurídico de relevância penal, é entendida como a utilização ou aproveitamento racional do solo (urbano ou não urbano), referida à ordenação dos espaços habitáveis com vistas ao pleno desenvolvimento das atividades do homem em seu espaço; é substanci...
Article
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With a revolutionary judgment in September 2018, Indian Supreme Court struck down penal laws that criminalized sexual activities between individuals of same-sex. The panel of judges headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra held that criminalization of same-sex relationships by Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code was contrary to the Constitution of Indi...
Article
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Animal protection has a long tradition in the Hungarian legal system. It can be interpreted as a multi-layer model, but the major approach of animal protection has an administrative nature. Originally, animal protection was interpreted as protecting farm animals as resources. Even though new layers have been evolved, the agricultural-administrative...
Book
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Der Handlungsbegriff im Strafrecht mit einem interdisziplinären Ansatz & The Concept of Action in Penal Law with an Interdisciplinary Approach & https://www.seckin.com.tr/kitap/763462272
Article
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The rapidly advancing development of technology has both positive and negative effects on society and its members. Moreover, legislation can be slow to catch up with reality. This also applies to any reaction of society to new forms of social deviance. There is typically a delay in the introduction of legislation which tries to give a legal framewo...
Article
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The “no means no” model has been applied in Germany since November 10, 2016. Its introduction has considerably extended the scope of criminalized forms of sexual interaction. This Article examines the criminal policy discourse that gave rise to it and the question of whether the new provisions have led to the changes in the practices of criminal pr...
Article
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p>A massive number of documents on crime has been handled by police departments worldwide and today's criminals are becoming technologically elegant. One obstacle faced by law enforcement is the complexity of processing voluminous crime data. Approximately 439 crimes have been registered in sanchez mira municipality in the past seven years. Police...
Article
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The current text presents an initial reflection on the importance of the Penal Law and its principles, expressed or implicit in a positivistic perspective. They should be understood as informants of all the juridical order with the capacity to ascertain the validity under constitutional class rules, occupying, in this way, a hierarchically superior...
Conference Paper
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In an interdisciplinary manner, through this study we aim to highlight the outlook attributed by the European Court of Human Rights to the contravention area as a species of criminal law, the deeds characterized in the Romanian legislative system as contraventions enjoying the same treatment as any other criminal offence. We also capture the effect...
Article
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Murder is generally an assault on the life of a human being by an act leading to his or her death, and since the human right to life is the most important of his fundamental rights, murder is the most serious and heinous crimes of all. The human right to life is a sacred right that society is keen to maintain and care for because it is the foundati...
Article
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Religious modern thinkers with different trends try to preserve religion’s function in modern world. One of this trends is textualism represented by scholars like Shahroor and Abdolali Bazargan, while another trend is intellectualism presented by scholars like Soroush, Shabestari and Nasr Hamed Abuzeid. Based on the analytical descriptive method, t...
Article
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An irony it is to be called as the issue of ecotourism, despite remaining as a dormant challenge since 1980s, has been lately in news as a trending thought due to the recent killing of American Tourist John Allen Chau by the Sentinelese Tribe. Delving deeper into the trend, this incident evinces to be a mere symptom of longstanding hazards caused b...
Chapter
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Interpreting has always been a routine practice in highly plurilingual societies, particularly in Burkina Faso and Senegal, where up to 70 languages are spoken. In this chapter, we focus on contemporary interpretation practices at the penal courts of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, and Dakar, Senegal. As former French colonies, both countries still u...
Article
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This article asks how terrorism expertise has been mobilized in recent trials on terrorism financing. How is expert knowledge concerning ongoing and complex political situations involving alleged terrorism translated into factual evidence before a court of law? What kind of sources do courts use in terrorism cases, and what kind of expert knowledge...
Preprint
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The fall of the Muslim civilization resulted from the rejection of reason. The rejection of reason was a result of the characterization of the use of reason to know revelation as kufr. The rejection of reason became explicit in the shutting of the gates to ijtihad and was reinforced by al-Ghazali’s attack on philosophers. The rejection of reason fo...
Article
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In the Islamic penal system, great importance has been attached to the penalty. Whereas the penalties are taken from the Koranic texts, Islamic tradition texts and Islamic jurisprudence texts, these penalties have entered into the penal statute with the minimum possibility of any alterations in them. The subject of penalties for discourse has a str...
Preprint
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Islam is being taken to task. Apart from attributing acts of terror to Muslims, a few persons – ex-Muslims – are portraying Islam as “inherently” violent. This is attributed not just to the acts of Muslims, but also to revelation, tradition, and the writings of jurists. While a part of the reproach is due to adversaries of Islam, problematic exeges...
Article
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This article explores the emergence of diversity in determining the age of maturity in Indonesian laws, particularly in civil law, penal law, marriage law, and citizenship law. Maturity is a crucial element in determining a legal act. Therefore, the diversity of its determination can lead to overlap and ambiguity in determining the validity of lega...
Preprint
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"The proliferation of hadiths spawned a parallel body of law, believed to be “equal” to the law based on revelation. The prophet tried to prevent the proliferation of traditions. But people proceeded to record and disseminate them regardless. The result was a parallel system of law. This requires attention. The elevation of hadiths to revelation su...
Article
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A new kind of penal law seems to emerge. Since the late 1970s, the idea of prevention has gained importance beyond the discussion of the purpose of a penalty for a specific offence. Penalizing is now understood as a reasonable action to avert prospectively anticipated dangers to society. Informal loss of control and mega-dangers demand more control...
Article
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Terms have a great importance for any language, especially in showing rules or judgments, so semantics is selected to be the title of this study. The study focuses on the terms of the legal text, so it is entitled(Between the linguistic and the legal text/A comparative study); the legal text is preceded by the linguistic term because the study is s...
Preprint
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Much has been written about the reconciliation of reason and revelation. It is also necessary, however, to reconcile tradition and revelation, especially where tradition veers from revelation and provides a foundation of religion. For it appears that tradition veered from revelation. This is unsurprising. It would hardly be the first time it happen...
Conference Paper
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The criminal justice based in their modern pictures to the consensual principle, which it leads to finish the penal action, then we find its applications in the quarantine violation, which seems a group of legislator rules putting of reason of Covid-19. For example, the Algerian legislator has depending the penal ordonnance system to judge the viol...
Article
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The issue of imputation in penal law generated, through out the history, many controversies. The principal aim of this study is to clarify this concept, both in relation with the Romanian and foreign doctrine, and with the new provisions of the new Penal code, enforced by the Law nr. 286/2009. The new Penal code introduces, a new definition of the...
Article
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Punishment and democracy appear to exacerbate each other’s worst features. The institutions and moral intuitions used to punish those that break the law can hollow out civic participation, distort the electorate, and undermine core democratic values. Likewise, many have argued the decentralized character of democracy is a key, albeit indirect, caus...
Article
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The aim of this article is to identify the cheque concept in Jordanian law among commercial law and penal law, and it addresses the amendments made by the Jordanian legislator to the penal law related to the crime of issuing a cheque without provision cover, it is manifested by the research that the Jordanian law tends to give significance to the c...
Article
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Horner syndrome (HS) is a neurological involvement characterised by myositis, ptosis, enophthalmus and anhydrosis. HS is important in forensic medicine applications because it creates a permanent facial involvement (PFI) that disrupts the symmetry of face. This evaluation aims to discuss the PFI determinations and disability regulations in two case...
Article
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Asset recovery, which involves the forfeiture of criminally-acquired property, is considered to be an effective mechanism of addressing serious and organised crime within national boundaries and across international frontiers. This is a paradigm shift from penal law and policy-making bodies of concentrating on persons only to also address their min...
Article
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The proliferation of criminal laws in different legal systems has made legal practitioners and scholars deliberate upon the present day relevance of old age principles and concepts. The maxim ignorantia juris non excusat (ignorantia juris hereinafter) also falls in this category. The application of criminal law is said to rest on the maxim ignoranti...
Article
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Background: Illicit performance-enhancing substances are used mostly by athletes to enhance performance in sports, and by bodybuilders to gain muscle and body mass. Among performance-enhancing substances, the most common and known substances are anabolic-androgenic steroids, which are associated with a range of short and long-term adverse medical...
Article
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ABSTRAKPerkembangan dan pembaharuan hukum pidana sudah meningkat dengan adanya penerapan penggabungan hukum dalam penyelesaian kasus tindak pidana. Perumusan masalah:Bagaimana penerapan konsep lex spesialis sistematis pada penegakan hukum tindak pidana korupsi di bidang Pertambangan Dikaitkan Dengan Ajaran Perbarengan Dalam Hukum Pidana? Bagaimana...
Article
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AbstrakPenelitian ini mengembangkan buku ajar berbasis karakter pada mata kuliah hukum pidana di Program Studi Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan FKIP Unsri. Tujuannya untuk mengetahui dampak potensial penggunaan buku ajar berbasis karakter terhadap pengembangan karakter mahasiswa. Subjek penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa program studi pendidikan Pancasila d...
Article
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This study exploits throughout some rigorous examination the object and the objective part of the off ence of abduction of the mean of transport, prevented at art.192/1 PC RM. Especially, is pointed about the legislator’s decision to review his conception regarding the fundamental social quality comprised by the off ence of abduction of the mean of...
Article
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În prezentul studiu analizei sunt supuse temeiul real şi temeiul juridic ale răspunderii penale pentru faptele incriminate la art.241 CP RM. Sunt stabilite caracteristicile obiectului juridic şi ale obiectului imaterial în cazul infracţiunilor prevăzute la art.241 CP RM. Se arată că noţiunea "activitate de întreprinzător", utilizată în art.241 CP R...
Article
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Considerentele reproduse în Decizia Curții Constituționale nr.43/2018 contravin argumentelor invocate în Adresa către Parlamentul Republicii Moldova inclusă în Hotărârea Curții Constituționale nr.25/2015. Aceasta deschide calea pentru comiterea de abuzuri în activitatea de aplicare a art.217 și 217/1 CP RM. În pofida poziției exprimate în Decizia C...
Article
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Scopul acestei investigații constă în analiza aspectelor teoretice și practice ale aplicării răspunderii pentru infracțiunea prevăzută la lit.o) alin.(2) art.145 CP RM: omorul săvârșit de către o persoană care anterior a săvârşit un omor intenţionat prevăzut la alin.(1) art.145 CP RM. Se ajunge la concluzia că repetarea infracțiunii (în măsura în c...
Article
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Scopul acestui studiu constă în investigarea unor modificări şi completări operate prin Legea nr.64/2013, punându-se accentul pe reperele conceptuale ale acestora. În special, au fost examinate modificările pe care le-au suportat art.130, 138, 303, 312 şi 314 CP RM. De asemenea, au fost analizate particularităţile şi efectele completării legii pena...
Article
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The article tackles the offence of leaving at risk and some other offences connected to it. Some aspects of the penal responsibility application are treated. The composition signs of the offence of leaving at risk provided by the art.163 of the Criminal Code of Republic of Moldova were not conceived in a successful manner by the legislator. The cla...
Article
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În prezentul studiu, infracțiunile specificate la art.217 și 217/1 CP RM sunt analizate prin prisma Legii nr.193/2016. Intrarea în vigoare a acestei legi a influențat asupra conținutului obiectului juridic special, al obiectului material și, într-o măsură mai redusă, al laturii obiective a infracțiunilor în cauză. În contextul analizei elementelor...
Article
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În prezentul articol sunt investigate unele amendamente operate prin Legea nr.64/2013, accentul fiind pus pe reperele conceptuale ale acestora. În special, au fost examinate modificările pe care le-au suportat art.135 şi 137 CP RM. De asemenea, au fost analizate particularităţile şi efectele completării legii penale cu art.127/1, 135/1 şi 137/1 CP...
Article
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The author analyzes the new settlements on the matter of effectuating the miscarriage: juridical-penal implications. The present study is exclusively centered on analyzing the legislature of republic of Moldova in the domain of abortion, on pointing out its imperfections and on offering suggestions for its improvement. To incriminate or not the dee...
Article
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Prezentul articol este dedicat analizei de drept penal a infracţiunilor prevăzute la art.248 şi 249 CP RM. Printre altele, se stabileşte: 1) dacă făptuitorul confecţionează şi/sau deţine declaraţia neautentică-în scopul prezentării acesteia către organul vamal-vom fi în prezenţa pregătirii de una dintre infracţiunile prevăzute la alin.(1)-(3) art.2...
Article
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Studiul de faţă este dedicat analizei de drept penal a infracţiunilor prevăzute la art.245/3, 245/5-245/8, 245/11 şi 245/12 CP RM. Articolele în cauză nu cunosc precedente legislative, aceasta condiţionând noutatea ştiinţifică a investigaţiei efectuate. Interpretarea prevederilor art.245/3, 245/5-245/8, 245/11 şi 245/12 CP RM îşi are suportul norma...
Article
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Alluding to Michel Foucault's famous article on the "concept of the 'dangerous individual' in 19th-century legal psychiatry" in the title, this article provides an overview of the founding of the International Union of Penal Law (IUPL), its penal reform agenda and major activities, before turning to a detailed examination and analysis of the IUPL's...
Article
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Antony Duff’s "The Realm of Criminal Law" offers an appealing moral reconstruction of the criminal law. I agree that the criminal law should be understood to predicate punishment upon sufficient proof that the defendant has committed a public wrong for which she is being held to account and censured. But the criminal law is not only about censoring...
Article
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Death penalty or capital punishment is the highest degree of punishment that can be awarded to an individual under any penal law in force in any part of the world. Capital punishment is the legal procedure of the state in which it exercises its power to take an individual’s life. It has been in existence since the inception of the State itself.
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The main aim of this paper is to investigate general conditions for engaging the criminal liability of the legal persons based on penal laws and fiscal legislation.A legal person is an entity created by law that is not a natural person (physical person), such as a company or corporation created on the basis of legal status. A legal entity has a dis...
Article
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Matrimony is a sacred bond that ties two people, and two families, together. But if this matrimony is without consent or the people involved in the marriage are not content, then it can turn sour. Our society is inclined towards a patriarchal system from the ancient times of hunting and gathering. So, it comes as a natural nature for men to display...
Article
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203  СОЦІАЛЬНА ПСИХОЛОГІЯ. ЮРИДИЧНА ПСИХОЛОГІЯ Постановка проблеми. На початку 90-х років ХХ сторіччя з'явилися об'єктивні переду-мови розвитку психологічної служби в пенітен-ціарних закладах завдяки змінам, що відбува-лися у кримінально-виконавчому законодавстві. Вони були спрямовані на гуманізацію процесів виконання та відбування покарань. У 199...
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Definition of the problemFrom an ethical point of view we analyse the ruling of the German Federal Joint Committee (Gemeinsamer Bundesausschuss, G‑BA) of September 2019 to revise the guidelines about the coverage of noninvasive prenatal tests (NIPT) by mandatory health insurance, in order to include them under specified conditions.ArgumentsThe deci...
Chapter
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The presence of religion in Bulgarian prisons has never been the subject of systematic investigation. Established in 1878, the young Bulgarian state was not able to rely on the Ottoman legacy but had to build up its prison system anew. Therefore, the efforts of the practitioners and researchers in the sphere of penal law were concentrated on the st...
Article
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A person is not a criminal by birth but he becomes criminal by his circumstances. So it is not always necessary for these types of persons i.e. offenders to be treated punitively. Some reformative measure should be adopted for the re-establishing these offenders in the society. And for this it is not always to be punitive. For the change in society...
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No one in the world does not know what Corona is as a global pandemic, which the Secretary-General of the WHO has declared as "the enemy of humanity". Yes, it is the enemy of humanity; the whole humans rose up to prevent it through several aspects. We are – as lawmen - responsible for the legal sides. All of us have become so miserable that many sc...
Article
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The criminal justice system has a vital role to play in the elimination of illegal drug usage and trafficking. Sri Lanka has a national policy and penal laws to impose severe punishments on drug offenders. However, the increasing number of incarcerations and recidivism of drug offenders reveals that the present policy, laws and its enforcement are...
Article
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The penal measure of a prohibition on being in certain communities and lo-cations, on contacting certain individuals or on approaching certain individuals or on leaving a specific place of residence without the court’s consent, evidently restricts the liberty of a person sentenced. The said restriction most of all serves to implement the preventati...
Article
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No one in the world does not know what Corona is as a global pandemic, which the Secretary-General of the WHO has declared as ‘the enemy of humanity’. Yes, it is the enemy of humanity; the whole humans rose up to prevent it through several aspects. We are – as lawmen – responsible for the legal sides. All of us have become so miserable that many sc...
Article
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Several tax crime case studies, several thoughts that criticize the domination of legal positivism in Indonesia, and the dualism of tax avoidance and tax evasion show the inconsistency in the application of criminal acts in the taxation sector as an ultimum remedium (last resort). Based on the doctrinal method which is not only concerned with the e...
Article
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Occasionally traced back to Byzantine times, the rule that penal statutes are to be interpreted strictly in favor of the subject, also known as the rule of lenity, now finds expression in common law countries across the world. This Article compares the origins and evolution of the rule in Australia and the United States. The comparison is timely be...
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FIRST BOOK General prov s ons FIRST PART Bas c Pr nc ples, Def n t ons and Appl cat on Area FIRST PART Bas c Pr nc ples and Def n t ons ARTICLE 1. Cr m nal law the r ghts and l berty of the nd v dual deep to nclude sanct ons that nterfere n the grass. Th s s why the country unt l the judge of the cr m nal law ph losophy, values and pr nc ples, t sh...
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