Pedagogy and Education

Pedagogy and Education

  • Allauddin Memon Kohistani added an answer:
    Which teaching methods could be in upper secundary education considered as innovative?

    Especially for Science education.

    Allauddin Memon Kohistani

     A good Question I believe that A great teacher always a good designer How he design the lesson plane According to topic And which kind of aids he used like Video,audio-role play or any other methods depend upon the  desire of the  and How he motivate the Student also a key tool............. For Especially For Science I prefer the project and Activity Based Learning......

  • Jack Stanley added an answer:
    What are the main characteristics of Learner-Centered Approach compared to Teacher-Centered Approach?

    I am looking forward to knowing the opinions and comments of those experts and educators who examined and practiced both approaches.

    Thanks in advance; your contribution is highly valued.

    Jack Stanley

    Hello Ihab!  I concur with Edgar above on SDL.  Your question to be begs a scale be developed that will run from teacher to learner (i.e. self) centric.  I also think you could be accidentally on to something:  what about the "teacher-learner" ?  Where's the research and conceptual framework on that?  Aren't the worst educators those who think they are the paramount SME?  As Edgar said, check Knowles, but also take a look a Merriam, Vygotsky, Brookfield, Mezirow, Jarvis, and Billington.

  • Stefan Svetsky added an answer:
    What is your perception of the usefulness of Web 2.0 applications to facilitate collaborative learning in your university?

    I am carrying out a research on “Postgraduates’ perceptions of the usefulness of Web 2.0 applications to facilitate collaborative learning in their university". The aim of the research is to investigate which Web 2.0 tools are used generally by post graduate students of various disciplines and to assess their usefulness as well as to explore how the collaboration of knowledge can be made productive in collaborative learning.

  • J. D. added an answer:
    Can anyone direct me to literature and/or research based on teaching History and Geography content and skills to young children?

    I'm predominately seeking literature in  Early Learning pedagogy, in History and Geography, for research in how we can prepare 4/5  years old children, in these areas, for the formal learning years. 

    J. D.

    According to teaching history I know that Dr. Christiane Bertram is doing research about it. You could ask her:

    With friendly greetings from Germany

  • Edgar Salgado Garcia added an answer:
    Literature on 'Specification and Measurement of Learning Outcomes' ?

    Dear colleagues, please provide some good quality literature related to specification and measurement of learning outcomes. 

    Edgar Salgado Garcia

    The classic literature on this topic is MAGER & PIPE.  Look for them on Google.  Also "Writing learning meaningful behavioral objectives", by Julie S. Vargas.  Behavior analysis contributed to this field in the beginning, and I think it is important for you to grasp a historic perspective to understand how it developed into current concepts, such as "learning outcomes".  Esentially, this derives from several assumptions:

    1. Evaluation equals verifying "objectively" (empirically) if the learners display or not a certain behavior, its frequency, quality, and accuracy.

    2. There has to be some kind of accountability in all learning programs (schools, colleges, corporate training, etc.).

    3. Behavior can be measured.  Now the language has shifted from "behavior" to "competencies", which include also cognitive processes and attitudes.

    4. "Effectiveness" and "efficiency" are to be measured in order to "evaluate" an educational program.  Esentially, resources (it all comes down to $$$ at the end) have to yield a result.

    Best regards,


  • Gabriela Mendoza Rangel added an answer:
    What are the most important qualities that PhD supervisors must have to successfully guide a graduate student?
    A good supervisor is a guide and mentor, not an encyclopedia or a self-help book. Many PhD students are not satisfied with their supervisor.
    Gabriela Mendoza Rangel

    Enthusiasm and passion for what they do;

  • Ri Wi added an answer:
    Is there any tool or method for measuring human values in students?

    According to  Swami Vivekananda - "Education is the manifestation of perfection already existed in men."

    All the educational institutions directly provide knowledge to students for there live hood as well as indirectly they provide some human value for all round development.

    so in this teaching learning process how we measure these human values.

    Ri Wi

    European Social Survey (ESS:

  • Annah Ned asked a question:
    How can I measure students Lateral/ creative thinking skills?

    How can I measure students Lateral/ creative thinking skills?

  • Dione Scott added an answer:
    Is gamification and play the same thing?

    Gamification is being used wildly in classrooms but is gamification the same as playing

    Dione Scott

    Thank you Kevin

  • Paul Stephens added an answer:
    Should all these books be censored for children?

    In June 2015, the Mayor of Venice, Italy, decided to withdraw from schools 49 picture books that the considered that should not be read by children because they treated subjects that should only be dealt at home. Among the censored books had some predictable titles, like And Tango Makes Three or What's dad's secret?. However, the ban of others picture books, like Little Blue and Little Yellow or We're Going on a Bear Hunt, borders on the grotesque. What do you think about this kind of censorship? The controversial subjects relating to family and gender should be only dealt in the private sphere?

    Paul Stephens

    Many thanks Juan. Best wishes Paul

  • Charles Madembo added an answer:
    Can anyone share resources on training children to be disciplined?

    discipline /discipling as others would call it. I'm studying this from a school chaplaincy context.

    Charles Madembo

    I appreciate all your answers because they reflect numerous perspectives to the question, which have the potential to enrich my study. I also appreciate the resource links. Thank you.

  • William L. Johnson added an answer:
    Did your textbooks match the test when you took standardized tests? Why do you think this is?

    Hilliard (2000) mentions that even if standardized tests were able to test the curriculum that the children are being taught, there is “a very poor record of alignment with nationally standardized textbooks” (p. 300). Meaning that based on the book the schools buy to teach certain material students may not be able to get a high scores since they would not be taught the topics on the test. Either because the textbook the student is using is an older edition or the school cannot afford certain book editions. This brings up the point of our policy makers and what it is they are doing to get rid of the problem; instead of getting to the root of the problem the policy makers seek a cheap and uncomplicated fix. The fix is often just manipulating the requirements for the tests, making a stricter curriculum, and shifting teachers from schools. Do You Agree 

    • The people that make the test scores do not look at those who failed a test but succeeded in life. They only get information to fit their perspective on the test.
    • Standardized tests do not aim to achieve high standards. Rather they rank students into a social class.

    When you took standardized tests did your textbooks match the test? Why do you think this is?

    William L. Johnson


      Even at the doctoral level, seldom did I see this to be the case.  And I don't think that was really ever the intent of much of the testing.  However, many of our teachers focused on how to use strategies and process skills, and think conceptually.  Below the university level, I see a process-skill focus of 40-to-50 percent on both classroom and state testing.  This parallels what I personally experienced at the university level. Also, this was a focus when I taught at the university level.  

  • Aparna Murthy added an answer:
    'Geometrical Intuition' and its role in teaching-learning of Geometry ?

    Although mathematicians such as Poincaré and Hilbert wrote very positively about the role of geometrical intuition, and while it is generally regarded as an essential component of mathematical thinking by many professional mathematicians, much additional research is needed on the relations between intuitive, inductive and deductive approaches to geometrical objects.

    I am looking for authentic literature involving

    1. Defining 'Geometrical Intuition' as a construct/ psychological variable
    2. Experimental research/ empirical data based on 'Geometrical Intuition/Mathematical intuition/ Intuitive knowledge in mathematics teaching.


    Aparna Murthy

    Dear HarshVardhan,

    I hope this is useful - the concept of abstract space and transformation is  very intuitive by itself... I was trying to justify my array design based on certain geometrical graph  lemmas in a Hausdroff space and then transform it to the metric space for realization of the topology !!

    Graphs  help in some sort of  resolving dependency , projections, one coordinate system to other- transformation etc etc ,these aspects are very much needed(day to day basis )  .

    Based on my experience teaching teenagers, it is easy to help them visualize geometrical -spatial analysis ! Engineering drawing helps(in my case ). It is also very intriguing to know to see how they solve at times ...

  • Hussin Jose Hejase added an answer:
    Should there be 'Fixed standards' in curriculum? If so, what classes need the standards?

    The standards movement restrict teachers from being creative and force them to stay teaching off the curriculum they are being given. The standardized curriculum does not take a students’ diverse interests, skills, or aspirations into consideration. But in higher education and technology education, how can creativity be included in Curriculum??

    Hussin Jose Hejase

    Same to you Harshvardhan and to all our colleagues on RG.

    Best to all and more excitement next year.

  • David C. Rine added an answer:
    What may be predictors of curriculum implementation level in elementary mathematics education ?

    Curriculum implementation level may be predicted for specific disciplines, other than subject related beliefs and teacher's beliefs what are other factors that may be accounted as predictors of curriculum implementation level ?? 

    David C. Rine

    Thank you so much Harshvardhan! May you also be blessed now and in 2016.

    Let me raise an interesting question for you and for our great readers here. What is the origin of a BLESSING and what are its interpretations? How are we blessed and how do we bless others. Certainly this poor world in which we live needs blessings ever day. For example how and in what ways may the season of Christmas (i.e. Christ's Mass) be a blessing for the world and especially the poor among us?

  • Harshvardhan Singh added an answer:
    Any advice on my investigation of models Community Research by author Garrison and collaborators?

    My interest is to understand strengths and weaknesses Garrison model, its applicability and experiences in educational contexts in higher education. I know the application of the model in virtual courses at the University of Guadalajara. Any additional information will be of great help.

    Harshvardhan Singh

    Dear Colleagues, 

    Good Day,

    Merry Christmas and Happy New Year 2016.

    May New Year Bring Happiness, prosperity, Good Health and Academic Achievements for you.



  • Peter Eyerer added an answer:
    How can creativity be reinforced through school curriculum?

    The best teachers are those who allow students to create their own learning objectives after the teacher gives a vague lesson on a topic. To promote creativity in students, it should first be allowed and encouraged in teachers. What are the factors (student related and teacher related) that effect Creativity in school classrooms? And how can creativity be reinforced through school curriculum?

    Peter Eyerer

    Yes, I can agree!

    Best wishes back


  • Harshvardhan Singh added an answer:
    How does 'Complexity Theory' as research paradigm, differ from Normative, Interpretive, and Critical theory in Educational Research?

    "An emerging fourth paradigm in educational research is Complexity theory. It provides a challenge to conventional approaches in educational research and suggests a substantive agenda."

    In what ways it is different from Normative, Interpretive, and Critical theory in Educational Research? 

    Harshvardhan Singh

    Dear Colleagues,

    Good Day,

    Merry Christmas and Happy New Year 2016.

    May New Year Bring Happiness, prosperity, Good Health and Academic Achievements for you.



  • Harshvardhan Singh added an answer:
    What made you 'Motivated' to learn when you were young? Did your teacher relate your learning to real life?

    To promote creativity in students, it should first be allowed and encouraged in teachers. Did your teacher relate your learning to real life? What made you Motivated to learn when you were young? 

    Harshvardhan Singh

    Dear Colleagues,

    Good Day,

    Merry Christmas and Happy New Year 2016.

    May New Year Bring Happiness, prosperity, Good Health and Academic Achievements for you.



  • Debra Sharon Ferdinand added an answer:
    What is most important to integrate ICT in Education? is it the ICT equipment or the teachers training ?

    The Saudi Ministry of Education 2007 supplied many schools with the most ICT equipment but found that after 2 years that most of the devices like (computer, Ipad and Laptop) didnt use by teachers and students and that half of those devices were broken. MOE 2014

    Debra Sharon Ferdinand

    I think both factors are necessary as they are interdependent. We have evaluated the one-one laptop initiative from teachers' perceptions of their experiences in a Caribbean boys school which I hope is useful to your question. Merry Christmas and Happy New Year!


    • Source
      [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
      ABSTRACT: To explore the perceptions of the teachers at a Boys School in Trinidad and Tobago about the extent to which eConnect and learn (eCAL) programme enhances the teaching-learning activities in their school. The eCAL programme was introduced into secondary schools in Trinidad and Tobago in 2010 with the aim to bring technology to teaching-learning activity in the twin Island nation. Since then, there have been praises and complaints from the Teachers’ Union, parents, etc. about the programme. There has not been any formal assessment of the programme. This study intends to document the perceptions of the key stakeholders in the execution of the programme. A qualitative case study was undertaken at a popular Boys School in the Island. It utilised a criterion-sampling technique where only the teachers who have used the programme for four years or more were engaged. Data were analysed using themes and codes and presented as narratives or stories around the themes. Most teachers have positive perceptions of the programme but hinted the need for better training, proper integration and assistance with more resources including Information Technicians. The study in general conformed to other studies of similar nature from other countries. We however recommend among others, a more managed system to properly harness the usefulness of the programme. A formal evaluation of the programme is due, having used the programme for 4 years. Key word: Information Technology, Caribbean Schools, Secondary Education, Developing countries.
      Full-text · Article · Jan 2015
  • Tony Alderton added an answer:
    Can you report the result from Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC) as percentage?

    In my study parents of infants have answered the PSOC. Some of the parents were not willing to answer all questions for various reasons. I would now like to use the information for describing the group of children. How should I than handle the missing values? Is it possible to use percentage (score/possible total score)? I have searched the web without finding any study using this way of reporting result from PSOC. 

    Tony Alderton

    Some very good answers already, particularly that from Kevin Grobman. With any missing values it is always the case that we need to analyse the extent of non-response and the nature of the non-response i.e. is it certain questions only that elicited non responses. I am not in favour of simply ignoring non-responses as they, too, can tell us something about the subject being investigated or the nature of the survey instrument itself. I would, however, caution against the over-liberal use of missing value replacement as this can seriously skew results particularly if the level of non-response is high. If you do decide to replace any missing values, then a programme such as SPSS can do this for you very simply using various methodologies. Good luck!

  • Dusadeerat Kosumsiri added an answer:
    Anyone familiar with demonstration School in your countries?

    I am doing a research on "A proposal for prototype of Secondary School in Thailand" which produce youth with efficient Leadership & Communication Skills". I am doing a literature review at the moment and would like to have information of any secondary schools in USA, Germany, and Finland who are run the school as demonstration school or a pilot school to prove of concept. Please let me know how do I get their information? or it would be appreciated if you could share with me please

    Dusadeerat Kosumsiri

    Thank you very much. I'm going to send you an email discuss more in some ares which are related to my research at the moment. I am in the process of literature review and writing.

    Appreciated your help.

    Best regards,

  • Olegario Negrín-Fajardo added an answer:
    Does someone know if there are other recent published studies of the educational activities of Juan Fernandez Ferraz in Latin America?
    Both Valeriano and Juan Fernandez Ferraz were in several Latin-American countries, but we do not know what educational activities they realized out of Costa Rica.
    Olegario Negrín-Fajardo

    Thank you very much

    Best regards,


  • William L. Johnson added an answer:
    Can anyone suggest how the gap between university research and classroom practices could be bridged in a developing country?

    We have a wealth of university research findings of new innovative pedagogies and classroom dynamics, all in the archives of the universities' libraries, departments and faculties. However, the classroom practices remain the same. How can this gap be bridged?

    William L. Johnson

    Another thing to consider is process skills.  I've found, even at the university level, that many students are very weak in process skills.  If students have trouble with these skills, then they will have trouble at the university level.  Focusing on process skills may  be a "bridge over troubled waters."

  • Arif Jawaid added an answer:
    What do you think are the likely repercussions of introducing English Medium of Instruction in a context where English is only a Foreign Language?

    Why do you think English Medium of Instruction has spread so widely?

    Arif Jawaid

    Hi, Dinesh

    I think this English language medium instructions without complete proficiency in MT is not showing good results. Details later. Thanks! 

  • Allauddin Memon Kohistani added an answer:
    Do you know what kind of problem face Children when basic primary education is not in mother language?

    (Do you support Education should be in mother language?)

    In my region there three languages 1. Official  2.National 3.Local

    The mother tongue language is Local And National  But Most of Schools they teach primary  in Official language which is not mother tongue language.I support the Education System from primary to Higher Should be in mother tongue.I think the children waste very much time on the learning of a new language Even Some parents meet with me they said we have invested for learning a Official language but We don't get desirable Results ..But those schools which in rural area where lack of Sources Even Basic Faculties of Life.How they can achieve desirable goal.......  But Discussion is open I want to know the opinions and more knowledge by Scholars...

    Allauddin Memon Kohistani

    Thanks All for answering .......

    I think those countries whose national and educational language in mother tongue they have best education systems More Professionals  Even More Scientist And Most of new technology developed by them.

    When Muslim scientist who invent many things the reason is Primary All Education in mother tongue I think so they invent Algebra without wasting years of life on the learn  a new language And So they invented many inventions rather than a Single Invention.

    And Those are more progressive and developed countries . I think Why only Primary but higher Education System in mother tongue . I'm giving some articles those support My point of View......

  • Sheryl Lee Ferguson added an answer:
    Is critical theory culturally, socially, emotionally and educationally emancipatory for adult learners in an indigenous tertiary organisation?

    Heutagogy and critical theory in an indigenous context.

    Sheryl Lee Ferguson

    Kia ora

    Thank you to everyone who responded to my question.

About Pedagogy and Education

Pedagogy is the holistic science of education. It may be implemented in practice as a personal, and holistic approach of socialising and upbringing children and young people.

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