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Paris - Science topic

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The adverse impacts of climate change have become more noticeable worldwide,
the evidence of which includes rising sea levels, melting glaciers, increasing
wildfires, and changing biodiversity, which have been observed all over the world. To respond
to climate change, all the parties (195 member countries) in the United Nations Framework
The convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) committed to the Paris Agreement in December
2015 with the aim of limiting global warming to well below 2 C above pre-industrial
levels and pursuing efforts to limit warming to 1.5 C. Notably, the Paris Agreement
provides an ambitious opportunity to consolidate the relationship between climate and
development. But we've recently observed drastic changes in the temperature level, droughts, and floods in many developed and developing countries. In this case, what do you think about the impact of gaining SDG goals where climate change is negatively affecting us?
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I suggest reviewing the following paper:
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I am looking for this publication:
G. J. Ranque, “Experiments on Expansion in a Vortex with Simultaneous Exhaust of Hot and Cold Air,” Le Journal De Physique et le Radium (Paris), Vol. 4, 1933, pp. 112-114.
Unfortunately I can not find it.
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It is not available online. You have to visit Paris.
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Greetings of the day!!
Hope you are doing well.
It’s our pleasure to welcome you as one of our Speaker for our upcoming congress on “2ND International Conference on Food Technology & Nutrition" which is scheduled at Hampton by Hilton Paris Clichy, Paris, France from October 24-26, 2022.
Our research team had a glance on one of your publication titled “Mung-Oat snack of high protein content by twin screw extrusion using response surface methodology  ” which is very impressive, we appreciate if you could accept our invitation and deliver your lecture.
Kindly have glance on our web page for further details: Food Technology - 2022
Highlights of the conference:
1) CPD certificate will be provided at the conference venue.
2) We are scheduled for city view of October 27, 2022 for all our participants without any charge.
3) As an invited speaker we will take care of your one night accommodation without any charge with food and beverages.
4) We will support your 25 percent of your travel.
5) Best 5 presentations will be awarded with USD 1500 per each.
6) Best 10 poster presentations will be awarded with USD 1000 each.
7) Soft copy of certificates will be sent upon on prior request
8) Pickup and drop facility from airport to hotel and vice versa.
9) Conference pictures and videos will be distributed to all participants without any additional wages.
10) Translators will be available to translate all languages to English
For further benefits and detailed explanation feel free to contact us.
Looking forward to hearing from you.
Regards,
Kendrick Charlie
Program Manager | Food Technology & Nutrition
Pride Conferences
4 Lombard Street, London, EC3V 9HD, UK
T:  +44 – 2476982521
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I think you rightfully wondered if this is a predatory business. These people are discussed on various occasions here on RG, have a look at: https://www.researchgate.net/post/International_Conference_on_Microbiology_Infectious_Diseases Here I indicated numerous red flags:
-They are mentioned in the list of questionable conferences https://libguides.caltech.edu/c.php?g=512665&p=3503029
-The address is suspect (virtual offices) and most likely misleadingly suggesting UK origin https://www.abcn.com/offices-london-city--lombard-street-2533
-Even if the address is legit it looks like they are not even registered here https://suite.endole.co.uk/explorer/postcode/ec3v-9hd
And I would like to add that the name used looks fake to me (Charlie does not seem a real last name to me). See for more good observations why to avoid this one in the given link.
Best regards.
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I am trying to simulate crack growth in ABAQUS using Paris law. But I am getting super elasticity convergence error. I am using the direct cycle step.
I can easily simulate linear materials. But I am getting material convergence error.
Are there some different steps to simulate superelastic materials?
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Dear Kishor,
Hello, I use the superelastic function that comes with abaqus, after defining the corresponding parameters, how to set them in the load step.
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Hi, Nice Project!
23 September I have presented my new Research Paper "Hydrogen Atom and Elliptic Curve" (attached) on Quantum Mechanics and Nuclear Engineering Conference in Paris.
And I wonder if my paper could be relevant to your Project somehow?
Looking forward to hearing from you sometime soon.
Best regards,
George Yury Matveev
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Hello Everybody. One more thing:
It turned out that the new equation (actually Two Linked Elliptic Curves) provides the Mechanism required for the Quantum Entanglement to work!
Whenever EPR pair (aka Bell state) is created there are Two Quantum Elliptic Curves assigned to those particles reflecting their energy levels.
Because those two equations are Linked via simple quantum condition (see formula 41 in the Matveev-QuantumEllipticCurve2.0-DK.pdf attached) changes made to parameters of One curve will be INSTANTANEOUSLY REFLECTED in the Second curve!
And this is the MECHANISM required for the Quantum Entanglement!
Moreover, the QEC equation explains that the Mechanism can work via Both Discrete or Continuous change of those two elliptic curves parameters, which is what has been observed experimentally!
Quantum Entanglement Explained!!!
Best regards,
George Yury Matveev
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Hello,
I'm starting to learn about fatigue behavior for different polymers/adhesives. Which is the most appropriate fatigue law (Paris, Elber, NASGRO.. etc.) for these materials (i.e.: PMMA)? and where can I found the fatigue parameters?
Best whishes
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I am a newbie in ArcGIS Pro. I need to find travel time between different countries (e.g. Beijing to Paris, Beijing to Bangkok, etc...) in different years (2010, 2011, 2012, etc.)
Can you advise which layer (World Street Map?) is most suitable for this purpose? In particular, I have two difficulties:
1. Is it possible to find past map data to find past routes?
2. Instead of searching the route one-by-one, is there a convenient way to find all country-pair routes easily?
Thank you.
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Try to go through google earth or do image classification for old image at the time you want
regards
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Le attuali condizioni pandemiche costringono gli studenti universitari della Terza Età a seguire dei corsi a distanza per un secondo e forse un terzo anno. L'applicazione delle tecniche di lavoro di gruppo (TBL) e di valutazione tra pari (Peer Review) che vengono sempre di più implementate con gli studenti dei corsi di laurea, anche attraverso le piattaforme informatiche utilizzate dalle università, risultano meno agevoli con gli adulti che hanno dovuto acquisire in forma accelerata la gestione della strumentazione, sia per seguire le lezioni che per lo studio individuale con i formati non cartacei. Lo sforzo di docenti e discenti per conseguire questo rinnovamento delle metodologie educative porta a interrogarsi sui risultati che esperienze analoghe possano avere avuto in altri contesti.
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nice
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What is the future of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Paris Agreement? Since we, as humanity, are struggling to reduce significantly the emission gap, how the future of interstate climate change negotiations looks like?
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I htink all these agreements make sense and will need a bit more time to become effective. 200 years of industrial development cannot be corrected within a decade, weather extremes will increase, so will the related restrictions and money spent on respective counter measures. Renewable energy never made more sense - economically (!) - than today. New technologies and many little progresses are on their way,. However they still need to (and will) take up momentum. It is scary how minimal the impact - globally - of the Covid related travel reductions is on carbon emissions!
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As in the moment worldwide only Morocco is on the right path to fullfill it's targets of the Paris Agreement of 2015 to limit the global mean temperature to 1,5°C I would like to hear ideas that could boost the process. The current Sars Covid-19 crisis also influenced global financing an delayed the COP Meeting.
How can we speed up the financing of emission reduction measurements?
How can we drastically speed up the expansion of renewable energys?
How can we convince decision makers that action is urgent?
I'm happy to hear any suggestions.
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A disaster will speed up international climate action. Covid-19 is a classic example of how man reacts to the inevitable much as we don't like this.
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15 July 2020
____________
According to new analysis (by Oxford Economists: hotter World Will Be Poorer and More Unequal), 3°C of warming by 2100 has the potential to reduce the level of global GDP in 2100 by 21%. More surprisingly, it identified that a country whose average annual temperatures today are cooler than 15° C, including those in North America and Europe, stand to benefit slightly in the short term from rising temperatures. Tropical and subtropical countries whose average temperatures are already warmer than 15° C today, including the entire global South, face catastrophic economic degradation. In short, hotter World Will Be Poorer and More Unequal. I hope such findings will not create unwanted trouble to Paris climate agreement' accomplishment. Because recent finding may create political differences in accepting the Paris climate agreement. For example, countries which are getting benefited by rising temperatures may not encourage immediate efforts to impede rising temperature by curbing CO2 emission, if they choose to be prejudiced. And may consider to be away from the Paris climate agreement. But, as usual, I hope all the countries in the world remain united forever in dealing the crisis.
Bay the way, what is your take on this!
Are we truly heading TOWARDS a roadblock or uncertainty to Paris climate agreement’s success?
Best,
Vaid, B. H.
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Dear Bakshi,
The follows are the main points shown in the two papers:
Hope it would be helpful.
Regards,
Guoyu Ren
Although the regional details of climate change especially extreme and rapid climate change are still unclear, what we can be sure of now is that there will be significant differences in future climate change in various regions of the world. This not only means that the emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols are different in different regions, but also that the magnitude and direction of changes in temperature, rainfall and extreme climate events will vary from place to place. The sea level rise caused by global warming will also varied due to the different nature of tectonic movements in different regions. There are obvious regional differences in present and future climate change. This feature is of vital importance to the formulation and implementation of policies and measures to copy with climate change. Until now, however, few people have realized the significance of this feature of climate change for the implementation of the international climate change convention.
Regional differences in climate change will lead to changes in the spatial allocation of natural resources. Some countries and regions are warming up, while other countries and regions have little temperature changes, with some even probably experiencing cooling climate; some countries and regions, such as those of northern Europe and Asian monsoon regions, will become wetter, and some countries and regions, such as those around the Mediterranean Sea, will tend to be drier. If the original cold area becomes warmer, or the original dry area becomes more humid, the local people will think that this is a good thing; on the contrary, if the warming and humidification occurs in the originally hot and humid tropical area, or humidification occurs in the originally cold and humid area, or drying trend appears in an arid or semi-arid zone, then people will undoubtedly think that this is bad news for the local area.
People in high northern countries may believe that global warming will bring opportunities for the development of their vast cold regions, while people in the Mediterranean region will worry that future desiccation will have an adverse effect on the development of their countries. Small island countries and lowland countries in Western Europe are afraid that sea level rise will cause disaster to them, but it does not matter to those inland countries like Mongolia and Ethiopia.
Of course, in most cases, the impact of climate change on a particular area is very complex, and it has both advantages and disadvantages, though majority would think that the adverse impacts will get the up hand for most regions. The size of a country’s economic strength and territory will also affect its sensitivity to climate change. But the overall or net impact for most countries and regions would not be zero. This means that some countries and regions will always benefit, while others will suffer.
The uncertainty of climate change science is the basic obstacle to formulating global countermeasures and taking concerted action at present. In addition, the combination of advantages and disadvantages caused by climate change for specific countries will inevitably become another obstacle for countries to reach a unified agreement in the future.
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People often think that feminism in literature is limited to both male and female writers who defend women in the society. However, they fail to realize that the first generation of romantic writers were French female romantics such as Germaine de Stael and George Sand, a female who used a male pseudonym to write in 19th century. Les Miserables of Victor Hugo and Notre Dame de Paris were two works that portray female characters positively. Even Stendhal's Madame Bovary, a realist-romantic novel is another example. So, one can say affirmatively that the romantics were the first feminists. Let modern feminists critics and writers take note otherwise there would be a vacuum in knowledge being dispatched.
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In my eyes you make four major mistakes: 1. The romantics were not at all the "first" feminists. There have been thinkers long before romanticism, who pleaded for equal rights of women and men; the idea of equal rights of both sexes is said to be expressed by Averroes (Ibn Rushd) for the first time in Europe. In China, the most prominent political claim of emancipation was the takeover of power by Wu Zetian. When you are talking about modernity only, you should consider Olympe de Gouges as a crucial figure of feminist history. 2. You are confusing novels, that deal with female protagonists, like Flauberts masterpiece Madame Bovary with a feminist struggle. Flaubert clearly was a sexist. Hugos Notre Dame doesn't deal with feminism at all. 3. You are confusing being a woman and a writer with being a feminist: There are a lot of anti-feminists among female writers. 4. Feminist critics do know all this. There's no vacuum in knowledge.
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Have heard there is alot of contamination via TRIZOLE and may affect results therefore i want to extract miRNA from tissues and plasma..For Plasma i am using miRNA PAris VAna Kit but for tissues i need some recommendation..Kindly suggest.
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Hi Nauman
For miRNA/RNA isolation from serum/plasma/biofluid you can use glycogen along with trizol for better extraction, and for better purification you can use QIAGEN kit. Good luck
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It's for a student project at the CRI : Research and interdisciplinary Center, Paris.
We need a suitable incubator with a lamp, also I have never worked on bacteria especially photosynthetic ones, can you share please the optimal conditions to grow this kind of strain which is known as the quickest one to grow. Thank you.
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We use Photon Systems Instruments algaetron 230 photobioreactors. 2973 grows under a range of conditions but routine culturing in our lab is done at 50 uEs. You should be aware that 2973 is not the fastest growing cyanobacteria. Synechococcus 11901 is (see link below).
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Hello, are there some one Can help me to find a laboratory to deposit hydrogenated amorphous silicon by magnettron sputtring DC or PECVD in university if Tunisia or Paris .
Thanks for your help
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Thank you so much Martin stutzmann
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researcher in anthropology of religions in Latin America. I published four books and more than one hundred articles. I don’t know well your kind of
organization. If you can give me more details, It would be welcome.
Cordially.
Marion Aubrée
(anthropologist in CRBC and CéSor in Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris)
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How can I get the Crack length to failure when I want to use the Paris's Law for calculating the number of cycles to failure. the fracture toughness is known as 50 Mpa m^0.5
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Farshad Abbasi , thanks for your reply,
If Kc is given, How can I calculate the crack length to failure and number of cycle to failure?
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Will all signatory parties to Paris agreement abide by the all the articles to Paris Agreement and will there be transparency in mitigating emissions and reduce the risk and impact of climate change.
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I doubt it. When it comes to industries which contribute to most incomes of all countries, they will rethink about it. Every country will start saying why me. Developed countries transfered their polluated industries to developing countries. Today i have just read in the news that CO2 concentration reached 415 ppm for the first time since 3 million years. USA was the first to pull out of Paris agreement. Do you think they care about climate?. They care only about their industries.
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I am trying to determine the number of cycles to failure for a solid piece of metal with a 1 inch crack in it. The metal is A36 steel.
Case 1: the crack is in the middle of the width on surface.
Case 2: the crack is on the edge at the surface.
Piece of steel is 100mm thick and 770 mm wide.
The cyclic tensile stress it experiences is 80.3 MPa.
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The AFGROW software has a library including not only the Paris constants, but also the empirical constants of other fatigue crack growth models. The information is provided for various metallic alloys produced by different fabrication methods. In addition to the material constants, you may also perform the mentioned FCG analysis in that software and get the fatigue life as a result.
You can check the following web page to read more about it and get access to the software:
Good luck :)
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In February 2018, Trinidad and Tobago signed on to the Paris Climate Change Agreement.
The Ministry of Planning and Development has indicated that "Trinidad and Tobago is committed to conditionally reduce its cumulative carbon emissions by 15% in the power generation, transport and industrialised sectors by 2030".
What initiatives are underway to meet this commitment?
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Create carbon sinks through aggressive aforestation programmes. Reduce emission of GHGs through legislation and advocacy.
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Je vous informe de la parution de mon livre : Ehlers-Danlos. La maladie oubliée par la médecine. 2018. L’Harmattan Paris fruit de 25 ans d’expérience clinique sur 5.600 patients diagnostiqués.
Pr. Hamonet Claude. Ex expert européen en GBM, ex expert international (handicap) à l’OMS. Université Paris Est Créteil. Centre de diagnostic ELLAsanté Paris 8è
I inform you of the publication of my book: Ehlers-Danlos. The disease forgotten by medicine. 2018. Harmattan Paris has 25 years of clinical experience on 5,600 diagnosed patients.
Pr. Hamonet Claude. Former European expert in GBM, former international expert (disability) at WHO. University Paris Est Créteil. ELLAsanté Paris 8th Diagnosis Center
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NO
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Five questions for discussion about climate change:
- Are the provisions of, for example, the Paris Agreement and the Kyoto Protocol justified from a moral point of view?
- Do highly developed countries that have passed the path of economic development since the industrial revolution have a moral right to force other development models on developing countries?
- Who is ultimately responsible for the climate change we are experiencing today and who will bear responsibility for the changes that future generations will experience?
- Who should bear the financial costs of the so-called adaptation mechanisms fixed, among others during the COP in Warsaw and Marrakech?
- Is it reasonable to use the term "adaptive mechanisms" for countries and nations that bear the greatest costs of climate change, and who do not owe them the least?
Thank you in advance for all posts.
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Dera Sania, Dear M.A.A. Al-Fatlawi,
thank you so much for your interesting and responses.
Dear Professor Towe,
As I understand the situation, climate changes associated with the increase in the average surface temperature of the Earth require participants in the international community to take measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere.
As I remember, one of the considered ways to solve this problem is to "store" them in submarine geological formations. This issue became the subject of interest and work of the legal group established by the States Parties to the Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Seas by Waste Sapping and Other Substances of 29 December 1972, also known as the London Convention.
The parties have committed themselves to support projects aimed at protecting the marine environment from pollution, among others by hydrocarbons, including petroleum products, and their wastes and wastes arising from the operation of ships, aircraft, platforms and other devices placed in the sea.
Please correct me if I'm wrong, but I think that greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, are one of the fundamental threats in this respect. This is why work on a number of legal aspects of the problem has been continued. They include the question of the responsibility of states for damage caused in the environment of other states or in any other zone of this environment by dumping waste and all other substances. The relevant provisions of the London Convention in this area have been repeated in the Additional Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Sinking Waste and Other Substances of 7 November 1996.
Assuming some modifications to this method, it was returned in the "IPCC Special Report on Capture and Storage of Carbon Dioxide", which contains information about CO2 absorption methods and techniques for its transport and storage, eg in the ocean or geological formations.
Dear Professor,
Do you think, therefore, that this way of seeking a solution to the problem is categorically incorrect and unacceptable? If so, where would you think to look for solutions, particularly those that can contribute to the problem of legal regulation in the sphere of international law?
Best regards to all of you!
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Preparing a class on Diaghilev for my students in history's classical music, I'm wondering about the impact and the meaning of the russian ballets in Paris since 1913.
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I agree with both. orientalism brought some thing "new", something "exotic" and at the same time with a modern languageor like a modern language.
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Right now harm is being done to many people. The harm can be calculated in dollars and in human suffering and death. The proportionate harm done by an individual company can be assessed in terms of the estimated CO2 emitted by them relative to the the total atmospheric CO2 existent currently. I am not a lawyer, but maybe other who are knowledgeable can offer some suggestions.
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Please read about current global warming problems being faced by California:
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Symposium and Doctoral Workshop on : ENTREPRENEURSHIP RESEARCH: PAST, PRESENT & FUTURE, Paris 10-12 May 2017, PSB Paris School Of Business.
Did it occur?
I am interested in the results.
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Someone that attended the symposium should kindly brief us the highlights of the event.
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Remove confusion in people's mind
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Dear Surendra, the bottom line on this debate is about facts and observed data. See it for yourself atmany available sites around the world. FAO recently opened jointly with NASA a database of observed mean annual temperature change by country. See it for yourself and draw your own conclusions : http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/ET/visualize
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i'm looking forward to do research on tissue culture of Paris polyphylla var. SM?
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Dear Marpha Telepova-Texier,
I'm not able to access the link you have provided so please could you send me the full article (descriptor of Paris polyphylla var.stenophylla - Pépinière des Avettes) posted in the given link: www.pepinieredesavettes.com/.../paris-polyphylla-var-stenophylla,2450,asso==2174,t...
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I would like to find a recurring conference (preferentially in Europe) dealing with soil improvement and/or stabilization. These are topics refering to geotechnic engineering. Do you have any suggestion ?
Thank you.
PS : I found these links. WASET seems to be a publisher but I wonder if its conferences are reliable (no contact adress, when clicking on the program the content is unrelated to the conference ...)
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Έχει τον Αύγουστο συνέδριο στη Βιέννη που περιλαμβάνει στη θεματολογία του βελτίωση εδαφών.
Επίσης θα σας πρότεινα αν ψάχνετε για συνέδρια που αφορούν τη γεωτεχνική να συμβουλεύεστε την ιστοσελίδα της διεθνούς εταιρείας εδαφομηχανικής και γεωτεχνικής μηχανικής.
Ελπίζω να βοήθησα.
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Hallo,
I am looking for the Paris laws parameter (C and m) for the steel of grade S355NL and S960QL. Can anyone please provide me the list of literature, where the values of these parameters are mentioned.
I want to compare these literature data from the values obtained through my experiments.
Thanking you
Braj Prasad
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Thanks for sharing.
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The idea is the situation that all nations signed the Paris agreement only the US pulls out. This is the right time to do a comparative study by geographical regions. Instead of a meta-analysis of the literature, I would like to use a uniformed online survey, and I need local collaborators. I would like to collect and analyze all the data and have a joint study, but collaborators also will get the entire data set to make their additional studies.
I would be satisfied to have 10-20 countries included from all the continents. Australia, US, China, India, UK, Russia, some EU, some South American, and African nations are necessary to include.
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Our faculty (Forestry Faculty of Suceava, Romania) has a strong team on climate change perception studies/surveys so we would be interested.
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Bonjour from sunny Paris,
I am working on a study focuing on SDT. I have a questionnaire done internally in a a company on wellbeing at work. The questions are on motivation and eudemonic wellbeing.
I am looking at the best way to validate my interpretations of the data into SDT elements and EWB. The first stage being the classification of the questions used for the study.
Would anybody have an idea or experience to share?
Would a group of experts agree to validate 80 questions?
Thanks for your time. Sarah
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Hello Doctor, if you use the program (Spss) and the results are always accurate
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Paris Principles and Guidelines (2007)
DDR
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Thank you Kwadwo Adusei-Asante. Please share the full title of the publication
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Dear all,
As I am conducting a research on road network/density at the global level. I found it is very hard to locate data of this kind. I find some second-hand data from 1960-1980, which is a bit outdated. Therefore, I was wondering where I can find this kind of data?
For samples, capital cities like London, Paris, Bucharest, Prague, West/East Berlin, Munich and etc. are highly appreciated.
Thank you very much.
Best,
Chris
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Check once  OECD and Road Statitics
Yearbook 2016
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Would Paris's law be useful in anyway?
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Dr Bhoosnurmath:
You can use a Paris-type law for brittle crack growth. It's not called the Paris law which was defined for fatigue, but there are similar power-law expressions for many forms of subcritical crack growth, e.g., for statically-loaded cracks: da/dt = C Kn, where C and n are scaling constants just like in the Paris law for fatigue.  You have two problems with this approach for your problem though: (i) unless you experimentally measure them yourself, or get lucky looking in the literature, these relationships for your material, whatever it is, would likely not exist or be difficult to find; (ii) more importantly, you state that the stress intensities are significantly higher than the fracture toughness of the material, which means this is critical crack growth - for a brittle material, this presumably would involve catastrophic (dynamic) fracture, the rates of cracking would be highly dependent on the rate of loading and geometry of your sample, and it would be even more difficult to find relationships relating the crack velocity to the stress intensity factor. 
Since you only want the brittle crack propagation length, there may be another way. I must presume here that you are trying to find when the brittle crack stops, i.e.,  the crack length at arrest.  Unless you have a complex geometry, this would likely occur under displacement-controlled loading and take place at the crack arrest toughness.  You may be able to find numbers for the crack-arrest toughness for your material, but if not, an approximation of the crack-arrest toughness is the static fracture toughness Kc. Thus, as a rough estimate you could calculate how long the crack would be need to be, under displacement-control, for the stress intensity to be reduced from its initial value of several times the fracture toughness to Kc at crack arrest.  You could then compare this to an experimentally measured value.  However, unless you can find the appropriate crack growth relationship, I doubt if you'll be able to do this using Paris-type power-law relationships.
ROR