Science topic

Parents - Science topic

Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
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The Education and Learning Capital Model (ELCM), based on the Actiotope Model of Giftedness was used as a framework to explain the current practices dedicated to serve gifted education. This article addresses the status quo of gifted education in Oman according to the ELDM. The model comprised ten components including action learning capital, econo...
Article
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Family-based treatment (FBT) is the leading treatment for adolescent eating disorders and is based on five tenets, or fundamental assumptions: (1) the therapist holds an agnostic view of the cause of the illness; (2) the therapist takes a non-authoritarian stance in treatment; (3) parents are empowered to bring about the recovery of their child; (4...
Article
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Background With the increasing incidence of asymptomatic carriers or milder symptoms, children and adolescents are likely to become a silent source of infection. In view of the efficacy and safety of vaccines in the treatment of novel Coronavirus pneumonia, population-wide vaccination will be an inevitable trend to control the spread of COVID-19. H...
Article
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Neumann band in iron meteorites, which is deformation twins in kamacite (Fe–Ni alloy), has been known to be a characteristic texture indicating ancient collisions on parent bodies of meteorites. We conducted a series of shock recovery experiments on bcc iron with the projectile velocity at 1.5 km/s at various initial temperatures, room temperature,...
Article
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Background Movement behaviours are important for infant (0–12 mo) and toddler (1–2 yrs) health and development, yet very little is known about adherence to the 24-hour movement behaviour guidelines and parents perception of these behaviours in these age groups. This study aimed to examine parental perceptions of movement behaviours and adherence to...
Article
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Background Aneurysm of basilar perforator was rarely reported in the literature. It is difficult to treat due to its small size and deep-seated location. Excessive treatment may cause complications that resulted from ischemic events of parent perforators. Therefore, it is important to make clinical strategy for such patients to improve the prognosi...
Article
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A consanguineous family of three siblings presented with different early onset pediatric cancers. Whole-exome sequencing of parents DNA revealed a deleterious frameshift mutation in h PMS1 the first to be reported in association to a CMMRD phenotype.
Article
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Infantile hemangiomas may affect the quality of life (QoL) of patients and their family members, as anxiety and worry may commonly occur in parents, also linked to the social adversion they experience. We underline the beneficial impact of oral propranolol therapy on QoL of patients with infantile hemangiomas (IH) and of their relatives. A specific...
Article
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Background School bullying is described as violence to other people. It is perpetrated at schools or other activities when the power of a student or a group of students is used to injure others or other groups. Main body The prevalence of school bullying is varied from one country to another. There are many types of bullying, such as physical, ver...
Article
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Objective Since there is no material in the market met all the ideal requirements of an impression material, thus in an attempt to find one, hybridization between the two most commonly used impression materials were done. The aim of the hybridization was to obtain a new material combining the good merits of both and eliminate their shortcomings. Th...
Article
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Background School bullying is the most widespread form of violence among adolescents. It has been identified as a critical problem for students and has evolved into a public health issue and global crisis. The study aims to assess the prevalence of school bullying among primary school students and its relationship with attention deficit hyperactive...
Article
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Online dating has modernized traditional partner search methods, allowing individuals to seek a partner that aligns with their preferences for attributes such as age, height, location, or education. Yet traditional forms of partner selection still exist, with continued parental involvement in the matching process. In this paper, we exploit differen...
Article
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Background Rett syndrome (RTT) is a neurodevelopmental disorder most often related to a pathogenic variant in the X-linked MECP2 gene. Internalizing behaviors appear to be common, but standard methods of diagnosing anxiety are not readily applied in this population which typically has cognitive impairment and limited expressive language. This study...
Article
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The goal of this study was to examine whether a subject’s emotional competence correlates to attachment styles and parenting styles in children and their parents. The study was conducted with fifty children (9–11 years old) and their parents, both of whose emotional competence (EKF) and parenting style (PAQ) were measured. The attachment styles of...
Article
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Background The presumed conflict between religion and evolution is considered one of the main causes of rejection of evolution worldwide. However, there is a unique group of religious people who accept, study, and teach evolution. The aim of this study was to gain a better understanding of these individuals’ conception of the relationship between e...
Article
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Is it possible that striving for flawlessness and perfection in their children's performance is detrimental to parents? Could it be so harmful that it exposes parents to the risk of burnout? In order to answer these questions, this study adopted a three-dimension model of childoriented perfectionism (encompassing three dimensions: high standards, o...
Article
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It is plausible that peer aggression—like general forms of aggression—is transmitted from one generation to the next. As such, parental behavior in childhood and adolescence may be associated with offspring aggressive behavior against peers. This study used 1970 British Cohort Study data to test intergenerational transmission of peer aggression. Th...
Article
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We examine how immigration affects natives’ relative prime-age labor market outcomes by economic class background, with class background established on the basis of parents’ earnings rank. Exploiting alternative sources of variation in immigration patterns across time and space, we find that immigration from low-income countries reduces intergenera...
Article
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Although previous work has consistently identified positive associations between co-rumination and rumination during adolescence, little to no research has examined how this relationship operates on the person-specific level. The current study aimed to extend current developmental theories of co-rumination and rumination by examining within-person...
Article
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Different studies used the construct of frequency of conflict and the extent of conflict issues interchangeably, and there was no distinction between them. While with the development of theoretical models, these constructs became different from each other. However, unlike the construction of frequency of conflict, which had an instrument to measure...
Article
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In some contexts, including those that involve community healthcare, the functional status of mothers who have infants is of particular interest. This status has been assessed with the Barkin Index of Maternal Functioning (BIMF), proposed by its developers as an improvement over preexisting scales. The present study comprises a description and eval...
Article
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Children exposed to family violence are at risk for developing long-lasting problems. Family violence is a pervasive problem, however, studies comparing continuation with cessation of family violence are limited. Understanding the cessation or continuation of family violence on child development is a prerequisite to prevent enduring problems and de...
Article
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ADHD diagnoses increase discontinuously by a child's school starting age, with young‐for‐grade students having much higher ADHD diagnostic rates. Whether these higher rates reflect over‐diagnosis or under‐diagnosis remains unknown. To decompose this diagnostic discrepancy, we exploit differences in parent and teacher pre‐diagnostic assessments with...
Article
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This article presents the results of qualitative research on the lived experience of managers related to critical moments of practice that arise due to behavioral patterns acquired during childhood that are incompatible with their own mindsets. The research is based on interpretive phenomenological analysis and is enriched at the interpretive level...
Article
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To understand the development of cyber aggression during adolescence, it is important to consider the temporal variability of its potential predictors. This study uses a four-wave survey to investigate how changes in peer norms, parental norms, and parental communication are associated with two-year trajectories of online peer aggression. The sampl...
Article
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Parental substance use, that is alcohol and illicit drugs, can have a deleterious impact on child health and wellbeing. An area that can be affected by parental substance use is the educational outcomes of children. Current reviews of the literature in the field of parental substance use and children's educational outcomes have only identified a sm...
Article
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Objective: We evaluated the best time to initiate delivery in late preterm pre-eclampsia in order to optimise long-term infant and maternal outcomes. Design: Parallel-group, non-masked, randomised controlled trial SETTING: 46 UK maternity units POPULATION: Women with pre-eclampsia between 34+0 and 36+6 weeks' gestation, without severe disease, w...
Article
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Embitterment is an emotion which is known to everybody in reaction to injustice, humiliation, and breach of trust. Children and adolescents have an understanding of justice/injustice and fairness, violations of injustice, humiliation, and breach of trust are also stressors at a young age. In this conceptual paper it is argued that embitterment is a...
Article
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Knowledge is needed about specific supports and barriers for successful transitions to adulthood for autistic youth, especially from the perspective of parents, who are highly involved in transition preparation. We conducted a qualitative thematic analysis of previously conducted semi-structured interviews with 39 parents of 41 autistic adolescents...
Article
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The current multimethod longitudinal study examines how parents’ distress reactions to adolescents’ negative emotions may shape youths’ own perceptions of negative life events and subsequent increases in depressive symptomology. Ninety adolescents (41 girls, 49 boys, average age = 16.5 years old) and their parents were assessed over three timepoint...
Article
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This study investigated the prevalence of parentification in a nationwide cross-sectional study. There were N = 47,984 Polish adolescents aged 12–21 (M = 15.60; SD = 1.98; female 52.7%, male 47.3%). The results indicated that more adolescents experienced emotional parentification (toward parents 35.9%; toward siblings 25.2%) as compared to instrume...
Article
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This study aims to analyze the role of the Sumbermulyo Village government in improving the economy of the farming community. Qualitative descriptive method with phenomenological approach was used to analyze the data. This research was conducted because the number of people in Sumbermulyo Village who still choose to farm is getting smaller. People a...
Article
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This research used an alternating treatment design to investigate the relative effectiveness of participant specific social stories delivered using two distinct formats (i.e., technology-based, paper/book), on increasing the frequency of initiations and responses of two adolescents with ASD. Visual analysis of baseline, intervention, maintenance, a...
Article
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Previous studies have examined the associations among the family environment, children’s attentional control indexed by intraindividual reaction time variability (IIRTV), and externalizing problems, and they have mainly focused on between-child comparisons. However, few studies have explored within-child associations among the family environment, I...
Article
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Parental conflicts consistently predict negative outcomes for children. Research suggests that children from high-conflict divorces (HCD) may also experience post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), yet little is known about the association between parental conflicts in HCD families and child PTSS. We investigated this association, hypothesizing that...
Article
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The trajectories of behavioral problems have not been fully elucidated to date, particularly in the Chinese cultural context. This study attempted to delineate the trajectories of internalizing and externalizing problems and their predictors for Chinese children based on a longitudinal study. Three waves of data were collected from parent-reported...
Article
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A delayed-acceptance version of a Metropolis--Hastings algorithm can be useful for Bayesian inference when it is computationally expensive to calculate the true posterior, but a computationally cheap approximation is available; the delayed-acceptance kernel targets the same posterior as its parent Metropolis-Hastings kernel. Although the asymptotic...
Article
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This paper analyzes how aging parents’ health conditions affect household labor supply. I propose a time-use model with wage heterogeneity and assume that care responsibilities involve both time and budget constraints. When households can purchase care services, differences in secondary earners’ wages and care requirements lead to heterogeneity in...
Preprint
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Many sources testify that boys are underachieving in most parts of Western society today. Peter talks about some problems and issues that get in the way.The complex issue of Asian boy high achievers is discussed, as are its complexities. Next he turns to a few simple practical steps schools might take to start to turn boys around. . Peter finishes...
Research
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Fakultet za odgojne i obrazovne znanosti u Puli, Republika Hrvatska Originalni naučni rad APSTRAKT Učitelji imaju ulogu poučavati i odgajati učenike, te pritom oblikovati njihove vrijednosti i stavove. Na percepciju vlastitog statusa i ugleda u ovom radu se promatra kao na refleksiju razine poštovanja koju učitelji imaju od strane učenika i roditel...
Conference Paper
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Online Education and Its Impact On School Students and Parents Due to Covid -19
Article
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The current study was carried out to investigate the relation between the child-raising attitudes of parents and the mediating role for children’s digital technology use. The study’s working group was made up of 236 parents having a child at the age of 48–72 months and staying in the city centre of Kars. The sampling was formed by using simple rand...
Chapter
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A poem about the sacrifices of parents in bringing their children up.
Article
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Drought is one of the major abiotic stress factors limiting soybean growth and yield, and it frequently occur globally. Therefore, exploring resistant varieties from soybean germplasm is important under climate change. To screen drought resistant spring soybean varieties at seedling stage, pot experiment was used to detect the Survival percentage a...
Article
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Mainstream primary and secondary schools are increasingly committed to the inclusion of students with Tourette Syndrome (TS). This qualitative study explores teachers’ perceptions of factors that have contributed to, or hindered, their success in creating an inclusive environment for children with Tourette Syndrome (TS). Eight teachers (two males,...
Article
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To address the opioid crisis, it is crucial to understand its origins. We provide descriptive evidence for the intergenerational persistence of opioid dependence. Our analysis is based on administrative data covering the universe of Austrian births from 1984 to 1990. We consider prescription opioids and a new proxy for addiction to illicit opioids....
Article
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To improve fermentative production of α-amylase, heavy-ion mutagenesis technology was used to irradiate Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis) to obtain the high yielding mutants in this study. After continuous cultivation for 12 generations, eight mutants exhibited positive mutation rate with greater H/C. The α-amylase production was stable and obviously...
Article
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Social cognition impairments may explain social, emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBD) in individuals with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD). In a novel approach, the Social Attribution Task (SAT) was used to examine this association. SAT narratives were coded from 53 participants [n = 26 DLD; n = 27 typical language development (TLD)]...
Thesis
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This study was undertaken to analyse the educational experiences of Grade four language learners in selected rural primary schools of Zambezi District of Zambia. As a qualitative study, the descriptive research design was used to provide a detailed analysis of the phenomena under investigation. Data was collected through interviews and lesson obser...
Article
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Close relationships are built on emotions like love and liking. These emotions might come and go depending on how fast or slowly people get to know one another. Other times, a person's love or affection is not returned. One of the loveliest human sensations is when love is shared. People experience rejection and misery when their love is not recipr...
Article
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Abstract: Poor posture of a child is a common problem that parents report to specialists nowadays. Classes conducted in the aquatic environment affect the entire body and enable improving various motor skills. In addition, water, thanks to its hydrostatic and hydrodynamic properties, offers conditions that are difficult or not possible to obtain on...
Article
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Extensive research has been conducted on the causes and factors associated with juvenile delinquency. Work has consistently revealed that family has a significant influence on the likelihood of youth crime. More specifically family structure and primary caregiver significantly influence the probability of juvenile delinquency in the community. But...
Preprint
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The ancient sages used Talmudic stories to teach us about ethics and morality. These stories may deal with God, Elijah the Prophet, Biblical figures such as Abraham and Moses, Satan, animals, and nature. This paper examines numerous Talmudic narratives involving God to see what lessons can be learned from them. The stories are organized using four...
Conference Paper
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The senior secondary Mathematical Methods subject was introduced in Queensland in 2019 and parents were concerned with the low grades attained. Students in the subject need to develop extensive procedural knowledge and fluency to participate and engage successfully. This mixed methods study informed by constructivism investigated teachers’ percepti...
Thesis
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Being neglected and abandoned as a child creates a significant impact on the lives of an individual, which can be foreseen on his/her adolescent years. Hence, growing up in an institution rather than with their biological families, sparks up some problems in the overall well-being of an individual, and one of those is in the aspect of establishing...
Article
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Background: A developing area for therapy is teaching children to ride a bicycle. Little has been written about the effectiveness of these programs. This study explored outcomes from participation in a novel bicycle riding program for children with a wide array of developmental challenges. Method: Two studies were conducted; a nonconcurrent, multip...
Article
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Home-rearing environment (HRE) at an early age has a longitudinal effect on the development of children’s self-control. Some evidence has articulated this relationship; however, few studies have addressed heterogeneous patterns in self-control. This study aimed to identify a typology of self-control among preschoolers and examine its relationship w...
Article
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Mobile media proliferation throughout society has infused and complicated environments that formerly were interaction rich (e.g., waiting rooms, restaurants, and playgrounds) with the presence of smart devices. Ethnographic studies have indicated that parental use negatively impacts parent-child interaction quality. The current study reviews and ex...
Article
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Down Syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosome abnormality and the most frequent cause of developmental delay/intellectual disabilities in children. Although the investigation of the quality of life (QoL) is crucial in children with DS, relatively poor attention has been paid to this topic. The current study aimed to evaluate parent-reported QoL...
Article
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This study developed a partial ecological model of contextual factors impacting school and pastoralist family communication at the primary school level in rural Mongolia based on Bronfenbrenner's ecological model. To develop the model, we interviewed 10 classroom teachers and 10 pastoralist parents from two remote county schools in eastern Mongolia...
Article
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Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play critical roles in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). However, their involvement in sunitinib resistance remains largely unknown. Herein, we identified a novel circRNA, named circME1, which contributes to sunitinib resistance development in ccRCC. CircME1 also promoted proliferation, migration, and invasion of ccR...
Article
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Deficits in executive functioning both run in families and serve as a transdiagnostic risk factor for psychopathology. The present study employed twin modeling to examine parenting as an environmental pathway underlying the intergenerational transmission of executive functioning in an at-risk community sample of children and adolescents ( N = 354 p...
Preprint
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Considering the preformation probability of the two emitted protons in the parent nucleus, we extend the Coulomb and proximity potential model (CPPM) to systematically study two-proton (2p) radioactivity half-lives of the nuclei close to proton drip line. The proximity potential chosen is Prox. 81 proposed by Blocki et al. in 1981. Furthermore, we...