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Dear Colleagues, The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated the fourth industrial revolution, leading to radical changes in the world of work. Although robots and Artificial Intelligence may protect workers from hazardous physical work and environments with chemical and ergonomic risks, this algorithmic management promotes the emergence of new challenges...
Research Proposal
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Dear Colleagues, The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated the fourth industrial revolution, leading to radical changes in the world of work. Although robots and Artificial Intelligence may protect workers from hazardous physical work and environments with chemical and ergonomic risks, this algorithmic management promotes the emergence of new challenges...
Article
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Humans have been learning at a distance for millennia. Modern information and communications technology has enabled formal distance education to be conducted online, though significant variation exists in purpose, course format, delivery methods, etc. Under duress of COVID-19, educators and students alike have been forced to engage in their courses...
Article
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Foreign aid is one source of physical capital accumulation in Ethiopia. It is also a main media of government revenue in meeting increasing trends of government expenditure. To investigate the impact of foreign aid flow on economic growth, various empirical studies were conducted, but they came up with mixed result. This leads to raise question of...
Article
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This study investigates how mediating (e.g. history of health conditions) and moderating (e.g. self-rated health) factors are associated with nativity status on depression and anxiety in Mexican immigrants. Using data from the 2019 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), results found a significant direct association between nativity status and an...
Article
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To successfully generate creative solutions, teams must reconcile inconsistent perspectives and integrate competing task demands. We suggest that adopting a paradoxical frame - a mental template that promotes recognizing and embracing the simultaneous existence of seemingly contradictory elements - helps teams navigate this process to produce creat...
Article
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Unlike sleep-walkers, patients with rapid-eye-movement-behaviour disorder (RBD) rarely leave the bed during the re-enactment of their dreams. RBD movements may be independent of spatial co-ordinates of the ‘outside-world’, and instead rely on (allocentric) brain-generated virtual space-maps, as evident by patients’ limited truncal/axial movements....
Article
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Obesity is an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). However, ‘obesity paradox’ is observed in patients with coronary artery disease while defining obesity by body mass index (BMI). The purpose of this study is to identify a better anthropometric parameter to predict cardiovascular events in patients with ASCVD....
Article
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Background In multiple sclerosis, the correlation between white matter lesion volumes (LV) and expanded disability status scale (EDSS) is at best moderate, leading to the “clinico-radiological paradox”, influenced by many factors, including the lack of information on the spatial localisation of each lesion on synthetic metrics such as LV. We used a...
Article
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We present a strategy for the design of ferromagnetic materials with exceptionally low magnetic hysteresis, quantified by coercivity. In this strategy, we use a micromagnetic algorithm that we have developed in previous research and which has been validated by its success in solving the “Permalloy Problem”—the well-known difficulty of predicting th...
Article
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Ecological networks (ENs) can bridge the paradox between conservation and development. Although many useful methods can be applied to establish ENs, their differences in spatial outputs and scale applicability need to be examined as landscape planners and policymakers start including implementation concerns. Dividing Jiangsu into three scales (i.e....
Article
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Background Retroperitoneal nodal metastasis in a primary testicular tumor is not uncommon and usually presents as solid or solid-cystic nodal masses. A completely cystic appearance with fluid attenuation or fluid signal intensity on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), respectively, is an uncommon presentation. There are m...
Article
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The obesity paradox has been observed in short-term outcomes from critical illness. However, little is known regarding the impact of obesity on long-term outcomes for survivors of critically ill patients. We aimed to evaluate the influence of obesity on long-term mortality outcomes after discharge alive from ICU. The adult patients who were dischar...
Article
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Attempts to better understand the relationship between training and competition load and injury in football are essential for helping to understand adaptation to training programmes, assessing fatigue and recovery, and minimising the risk of injury and illness. To this end, technological advancements have enabled the collection of multiple points o...
Article
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We execute the quantum eraser, the Elitzur–Vaidman bomb, and the Hardy’s paradox experiment using high-level programming language on a generic, gate-based superconducting quantum processor made publicly available by IBM. The quantum circuits for these experiments use a mixture of one-qubit and multi-qubit gates and require high entanglement gate ac...
Article
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Abstract Background We aim to assess the role of diaphragm ultrasonography in evaluating the outcome of surgical diaphragmatic plication in adults with symptomatic unilateral diaphragmatic eventration. Results Forty patients with symptomatic unilateral diaphragmatic eventration underwent surgical diaphragmatic plication between 2015 and 2020. The e...
Article
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Sediment microbial communities drive the biogeochemical cycles that make rivers globally important sources and sinks of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N). The structure of these communities is strongly determined by the local physico-chemical environment. However, we currently lack an understanding of the factors that determine microbial community struct...
Article
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Background The obesity paradox, which suggests that high body weight is positively associated with survival in some diseases, has not been proven in patients with hip fracture. In this study, meta-analysis of previous studies on the impacts of body weight on postoperative mortality following hip fracture surgery in older adults was conducted. Meth...
Article
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Entrepreneurs proactively envision and pursue change, embracing the potential destruction of the status quo to create value by solving meaningful problems. With that, entrepreneurs themselves are the very embodiment of heterodoxy: deviation from accepted or orthodox standards or beliefs. The tensions, paradoxes, and juxtapositions of ideas, people,...
Poster
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1) The Paradox of Ostrogorski and the Constitutional Dilemma of Chile 2) Russo-Ukraine War: The Rise of BRICS
Chapter
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A tragic paradox and a paradoxal tragic is then in the result, that the Modern Age, wanting to concretize as clearly as possible the values of the human genre under a modern form, is on the way of a concrete and original, not even aesthetically centralized analysis, appears as an orientation, which can appeal to the very few. This is identical with...
Preprint
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With an evolutionary approach, the basis of morality can be explained as adaptations to for example problems of cooperation. With ‘evolution’ taken in a broad sense, evolving AIs that satisfy the conditions for evolution to apply will be subject to the same cooperative evolutionary pressure as biological entities. Here the adaptiveness of increased...
Article
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Recent literature in experimental philosophy has postulated the existence of the abstract/concrete paradox (ACP): the tendency to activate inconsistent intuitions (and generate inconsistent judgment) depending on whether a problem to be analyzed is framed in abstract terms or is described as a concrete case. One recent study supports the thesis tha...
Article
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Privacy Policies inform users about how their personal data is managed while fulfilling the obligatory requirements. Past studies have shown that users often do not read privacy policies, cannot comprehend the long and complex policy documents, and resort to providing their consent without knowledge. To enable users to make an informed decision, we...
Chapter
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Wu Qi: You talked about examples of transnational mobility like studying abroad or marriagemarriage, which for the most part is about horizontal mobility, but you also mentioned various vertical processes like social differentiation, class, and equality, which are in a dialectical relationship with horizontal mobility. Can you unpack this dialectic...
Article
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This article centres the role of Cairo's popular forces in the 2011 revolutionary Uprising in Egypt. It does so by bringing to focus the relationship between these forces' everyday spatial practices and forms of contention, on one hand, and revolutionary activism and protests in central places like Tahrir Square, on the other. It demonstrates that...
Article
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The operating model of the global oil industry is not compatible with the goals of the Paris Agreement. For the industry, there is a fundamental tension between two competing mandates: the pressure to contribute to the social goal of climate change mitigation, and the need to perform financially and meet obligations to shareholders in activities th...
Chapter
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Algorithms have always been a key topic in safety science, whether they are governing technology through computer programming or human actors through organisational procedures. However, when the term “algorithm” is not limited to the static pre-programming of expert knowledge algorithms with the ability to change themselves, a new branch of uncerta...
Article
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Decision-making literature establishes that maximizers, who always strive for the best option, paradoxically experience lower wellbeing. The current study aims to discover the conditions that attenuate or exacerbate the detrimental effect of maximization on wellbeing by using a large-scale meta-analysis based on 683 effect sizes from 108 papers, sp...
Article
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A photonic wheel describes a special structure in which the electric vector spins (with time) in a plane containing the propagation direction, while around a C-point (a point with circular polarization) the polarization Möbius strip can be formed topologically in three-dimensional (3D) space. These two interesting but very different structures are...
Article
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Mortality from breast cancer is almost exclusively a result of tumor metastasis and resistance to therapy and therefore understanding the underlying mechanisms is an urgent challenge. Chemotherapy, routinely used to treat breast cancer, induces extensive tissue damage, eliciting an inflammatory response that may hinder efficacy and promote metastat...
Article
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The negotiation of the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement (2017–2020) puzzled scholars by appearing to show a weaker party (the United Kingdom) adopting a harder negotiation strategy than the stronger party (the European Union). This article attempts to explain this paradox, by combining a two-level game framework with a negotiation psychology lens. It fi...
Preprint
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Background: High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in sunshine-abundant countries is paradoxical. This necessitates a better understanding of the determinants of sun exposure practices. This study investigates how risk perceptions regarding sun exposure might influence relevant habits among the young adults and whether it might have any link to vi...
Chapter
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This chapter outlines the academic life in the Romanian Post-Communist times. The focus will be on the workings of those elements which contributed to the specificity of the Romanian higher education. In particular, it focuses on a set of related dimensions that will be closely detailed throughtout chapter: educational trends, the relationship with...
Preprint
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Recombination concentrates in regions called recombination hotspots. In many vertebrates including humans, gene PRDM9 specifies which DNA sequences will be targets for breaks that initiate recombination. Because the sequence that breaks (allowing recombination) is converted into the sequence that does not break (preventing recombination), the latte...
Article
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Heidegger explains our emotional life using three schemes: causal explanation, mental internalisation of emotions and metaphorical expression. None of the three schemes explains emotion though. Either because the causal nexus does not always occur or because objects and people in the external world are carriers of emotional agents or because langua...
Article
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Alors que la surveillance numérique à distance de l'agriculture s'affirme dans les années 2000 comme un pilier majeur des nouvelles régulations environnementales du secteur, le Brésil offre l'exemple des capacités de l'agrobusiness à subvertir ces instruments à son profit. En décrivant le déploiement et les usages politiques du cadastre environneme...
Article
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Both oral and written ghost stories as myths have been around for hundreds of years. Urban legends have a place in literature. Typically, female ghosts are the most well-known and storied spirits. These female ghosts seem to embody the authors' own feminine values as well as those of ghosts. Intan Paramaditha's collection of short stories Sihir Per...
Article
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Solar lighting has become the primary lighting source for households within rural Malawi, where many households remain off-grid and are unable to afford the purchase of large, independent power systems. However, this success has not been without its challenges. The paradox is that, historically, even the lowest cost systems require an initial inves...
Article
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Contrary to widespread assumptions, post-truth politicians formally adopt a rhetoric of ‘truth’ but turn it against established experts. To explain one central factor behind this destructive strategy and its success with voters, I consider Walter Lippmann and Friedrich Hayek, who from 1922 onwards helped develop and popularize a political rhetoric...
Article
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Background: The Blacks’ mental health paradox is defined as disproportionately better mental health among Black individuals compared to White individuals, despite their higher exposure to a wide range of adversities. However, the existing literature on this phenomenon is mainly limited to studies that have compared Black and White individuals. Ther...
Article
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Palpation utilizes the fact that solid breast tumours are stiffer than the surrounding tissue. However, cancer cells tend to soften, which may enhance their ability to squeeze through dense tissue. This apparent paradox proposes two contradicting hypotheses: either softness emerges from adaptation to the tumour’s microenvironment or soft cancer cel...
Article
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Background: There are conflicting results regarding the relationship between overweight/obesity and the outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG), termed "the obesity paradox". This study aimed to evaluate the effects of body mass index (BMI) on the midterm outcomes of CABG. Methods: This historical cohort study included all patien...
Article
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Environmental destruction Kailasa Village agriculture is the main problem of Yahya's character in nature and environment. The existence of a communal movement of farmers that is anthropocentric in nature opens up contestation to access natural resources. Nature is used to get great benefits, both for the farmer and for other interested parties, but...
Article
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Self-gravitating Newtonian systems consisting of a very large number of particles have generally defied attempts to describe them using statistical mechanics. This is paradoxical since many astronomical systems, or simulations thereof, appear to have universal, equilibrium structures for which no physical basis exists. A decade ago we showed that e...
Article
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Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) patients are prone to develop myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Leukaemic progression of SCN is associated with the early acquisition of CSF3R mutations in haematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs), which truncate the colony-stimulating factor 3 receptor (CSF3R). These mutant clones ma...
Article
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Most of the critical literature and readings of Yeats's "Sailing to Byzantium", both form or content wise, focus on the aesthetic, spiritual or symbolic aspects of the poem, with occasional allusions to the biography of the writer. This research, apart from the allusive imagery and symbolic structure, presents a more critical view of the text. It a...
Article
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Despite little proven effect, video surveillance meets with a high level of approval among the population. The correlation found so far between the acceptance of video surveillance and the perception of safety appears plausible. The conclusion derived from this, according to which the commissioning of video surveillance would have to increase the f...
Article
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It has been well known that the influxing meteoric water can hydrothermally lower oxygen and hydrogen isotopes of rocks and/or minerals during continental magmatic or metamorphic processes in certain appropriate cases. Its opposite, however, is not implicitly true and needs independent testing. In terms of a novel procedure recently proposed for de...
Preprint
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It is commonly said that the centrifugal force of inertia is an apparent force and depends on a non-inertial frame of reference. At the same time, hardly anyone realizes the relativity of centripetal force. Yet paradoxically, the relativity of centripetal force already occurs at the level of inertial systems. And within non-inertial systems, the re...
Article
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The transformation into smart cities is imminent to meet the rising number of urban problems and challenges. Digital technologies offer great potential to develop smart solutions, especially in the areas of public administration, energy, infrastructure and mobility. For the successful diffusion, the acceptance of the individual is a crucial part, w...
Article
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Happiness is not only for the pursuit of individuals but also the common goal of society as a whole. The tourism industry can promote social well-being by stimulating consumption, narrowing the income gap and improving infrastructure. However, overemphasizing the economic benefits of tourism industry development will produce a series of social prob...
Article
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The literature on social and wealth inequality has long acknowledged the importance of intergenerational wealth transmission (IWT) to inequality in homeownership tenure. However, it has paid insufficient attention to the institutional structures that moderate these inequalities. Therefore, in this study, we ask how institutional factors via differe...
Article
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In this article, we will use the high resolution(9899x7852 Pixels 23.9M) replica of The Artist in His Studio (A18), professional Computer Aided Design software (AutoCAD 2023), 3D scene interaction tool (Unity 2018, little perspective knowledge readers can skip the professional discussion, directly see draft simulated by 3D software), digging into t...
Article
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Powerful rising trends of mobile media platforms have also resulted in the escalation of users’ privacy concerns. However, there is a paradox between users’ attitudes towards privacy and their actual privacy disclosure behaviors. This study attempts to explain the phenomenon of privacy paradox in the mobile social media context from the privacy fat...
Chapter
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Hong Kong’s apex court invites highly regarded judges from other common law jurisdictions to sit as full members for (renewable) three-year periods. This Chapter begins by outlining the basics of the ‘overseas judge’ system as it operates in Hong Kong and shows that the justification generally proffered is different than those made for similar syst...
Article
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Cross-border e-commerce (CBEC) has attracted interest in the global marketplace. Meanwhile, CBEC gig workers have changed CBEC enterprises’ business models, eliminated outdated enterprises, and reset organizational structures. Consequently, CBEC enterprises must adopt new approaches to promote company performance (CP). However, in Chinese CBEC comp...
Preprint
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The ongoing energy transition requires power grid extensions to connect renewable generators to consumers and to transfer power among distant areas. The process of grid extension requires a large investment of resources and is supposed to make grid operation more robust. Yet, counter-intuitively, increasing the capacity of existing lines or adding...
Preprint
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Le continent américain multiplie les paradoxes environnementaux : son passé colonial a façonné une relation extractiviste* à la nature, mais c'est aussi là que naissent les premières politiques de protection de l'environnement et où s'élaborent des propositions alternatives de portée mondiale. Des grands espaces arctiques ou patagoniens à la forêt...
Article
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In 1+1 dimensions, space and time are geometrically interchangeable. The reason is that, if we switch the roles of the spacelike and the timelike dimensions, this only amounts to redefining the signature convention of the metric tensor. This establishes a mathematical duality between classical Klein-Gordon fields and classical tachyonic fields: one is...
Article
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Background: Central nervous system (CNS) tuberculosis (TB) accounts for 1% of all cases of TB and is a major cause of mortality and morbidity. Cerebral tuberculomas represent 30% of CNS TB and is a diagnostic challenge. Case presentation: A 42-year-old male patient, known with alcoholic cirrhosis, performs a cerebral computer tomography (CT) after...
Article
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Background: The physical activity and health status of the students in China are not optimistic, there is a general lack of exercise volume and exercise intensity. Normal college students shoulder the future of China’s education. Promoting their physical health is the basic requirement for cultivating teachers in the new era;Methods:Testing and rec...
Article
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Russian thought has long been a hybrid of native and imported forms—or more accurately, native values were first conceptualized and systematized according to Western European categories. This essay considers select entries in the Handbook (primarily those discussing Hegel, Solovyov, Tolstoy, and twentieth-century prose writers) not from the perspec...
Article
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Artificial intelligence (AI) systems have been widely applied to various contexts, including high-stake decision processes in healthcare, banking, and judicial systems. Some developed AI models fail to offer a fair output for specific minority groups, sparking comprehensive discussions about AI fairness. We argue that the development of AI systems...
Article
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One of the main consequences of globalization is the intensification of biological introductions. Because of their negative impact on environments, the early detection and monitoring of introduced species through molecular approaches is gaining increased uptake. This study assembles 2,278 DNA barcode records to examine contemporary patterns of sequ...
Article
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Background Diagnosis of acute vestibular syndrome (AVS) with hearing loss is challenging because the leading vascular cause—AICA territory stroke—can appear benign on head impulse testing. We evaluated the diagnostic utility of various bedside oculomotor tests to discriminate imaging-positive and imaging-negative cases of AVS plus hearing loss. Me...
Preprint
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Immature dentate granule cells (DGCs) generated in the hippocampus during adulthood are believed to play a unique role in dentate gyrus function. Although immature DGCs have hyperexcitable membrane properties in vitro, the consequences of this hyperexcitability in vivo remain unclear. In particular, the relationship between experiences that activat...
Preprint
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We investigate the possibility of implementing a sequence of quantum walks whose probability distributions give an overall positive winning probability, while it is negative for the single walks (Parrondo's paradox). In particular, we have in mind an experimental realisation with a Bose-Einstein condensate in which the walker's space is momentum sp...