Science topic

# Pandemics - Science topic

Pandemics are epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.
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I plan to do research in this field, studying factors that explain the performance of insurance firms during the recent pandemic.
Not much there was no compensation in most insurance companies
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I need the code of matlab of SEIR model in paper"Stability analysis and numerical simulation of SEIR model for pandemic COVID-19 spread in Indonesia Suwardi Annas a , Muh. Isbar Pratama b , Muh. Rifandi b , Wahidah Sanusi b , Syafruddin Side b,∗"?
In this code, the SEIR model is represented by a system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs). The `ode45` function is used to solve these equations numerically over the given time span `tspan`. The results are then plotted to visualize the dynamics of the population compartments over time. You can modify the parameter values, initial conditions, and time span to fit your specific scenario. Additionally, you may consider incorporating additional features or extensions to the basic SEIR model as per the requirements of your analysis. I hope this code helps you get started with the SEIR model in MATLAB!Certainly! Here's a basic MATLAB code implementation of the SEIR model for infectious disease simulations:matlab % SEIR Model Parameters beta = 0.8; % Infection rate gamma = 0.2; % Recovery rate sigma = 0.1; % Incubation rate % Initial conditions N = 1000; % Total population I0 = 1; % Initial infected individuals E0 = 0; % Initial exposed individuals R0 = 0; % Initial recovered individuals S0 = N - I0 - E0 - R0; % Initial susceptible individuals % Time vector tspan = 0:1:100; % Time span of simulation % Function representing the SEIR model seir = @(t, y) [-beta * y(1) * y(2)/N; % Susceptible equation beta * y(1) * y(2)/N - sigma * y(2); % Exposed equation sigma * y(2) - gamma * y(3); % Infected equation gamma * y(3)]; % Recovered equation % Solve the differential equations [t, y] = ode45(seir, tspan, [S0, E0, I0, R0]); % Plotting the results plot(t, y(:, 1), 'b', 'LineWidth', 2); % Susceptible hold on; plot(t, y(:, 2), 'y', 'LineWidth', 2); % Exposed plot(t, y(:, 3), 'r', 'LineWidth', 2); % Infected plot(t, y(:, 4), 'g', 'LineWidth', 2); % Recovered legend('Susceptible', 'Exposed', 'Infected', 'Recovered'); xlabel('Time'); ylabel('Population'); title('SEIR Model Simulation'); grid on;
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The world is currently facing numerous challenges such as climate change coupled with unpredictable rainfall patterns, population growth surpassing the available resources, increased social mobility, high poverty levels, widening gap of social and regional disparities and disease pandemics. Public policies that seek to address these challenges can only provide workable solutions if the decisions made by decision-makers are informed by well researched information.
Research publications are an indispensable way of communicating scientific findings to the world. It can inform policymaking that has the potential to transform lives for the better. However, most people view research as a gateway to achieving academic goals.
Researchers need to ensure their work has an impact on public policy by engaging policymakers at various stages during their research work, ensuring that their published work is simplified that even non academicians can understand and making the findings readily available in non-traditional research article types, such as newspapers and magazines
Furthermore as a researcher, you can improve the credibility to your findings by making your data readily available in various platforms e.g. in Figshare
Dear Job,
I want to respond to your discussion in a way that will keep colleagues focused and activist to work on solutions for how to make open access pieces relevant to those who will use them. Your discussion is already starting to turn academic but we need to improve the open access that we have because it is not having the impact it could.
I'll suggest a few solutions of how we can work together and invite colleagues to do so, and then I will discuss some of the background.
I. We still only have a couple of open access book publishers and they are not policy focused or really open. We need to start a few where we have bases. I'm happy to join boards of places doing this and have several works that fit.
II. Open access journals do not last long and even places that say they support them are now putting political pressures on them. Like other journals, they deteriorate into just promoting self interest or narrow ideologies. So we need to work together in the same way as I, above, or we just become meaningless.
III. Getting results still means being seen on the Internet through search engines and monied interests are able to promote their works better. We need better advocacy with what we have. For example:
a) ResearchGate used to allow us to put our work in categories but they have eliminated this. Rather than improve the ability to categorize works (really we should be able to in multiple categories, with key words) so that it is easier to find a cluster of works that are related, by an author, in a cluster of certain policies, they eliminated this. After they did this, I noticed that access to my works dropped about 40%. Before, you could find my works by categories like "indicators for development/ sustainable development" or "cultural heritage policy" or by country.
b) I notice that those articles that people have mentioned on Wikipedia are those that get the most reads. Those are not my most important or best articles but Wikipedia won't allow authors to enter their own discoveries. Oranizations pay Wikipedia to promote their work for influence. We need to help each other to highlight our important works in places like that.
This is what we need to do to ensure that this great new tool that we have of open access can meet its potential with the audiences in which we have an advantage: (1) professionals who are outside university libraries but use the internet, (2) scholars in the Global South or in small universities who do not have access to large libraries and use the Internet, and (3) the general public (who are the REAL decision-makers who need to force governments to act; not the paid or narrowly influenced decision-makers who have no incentive to promote progress on those issues that you list) and who may do Internet searches for pieces useful to them.
If you look at my ResearchGate site, you can see that in the last few years I have been trying to publish almost entirely open access and to make sure that my research pieces include more TOOLS that can be used by researchers, the public and decisionmakers directly for policy benefits: tools like INDICATORS and measurements to hold government actors accountable; designs of projects that can achieve results; and social scientific pieces that are not just long academic journalism but show how systems work and don't work so we know where to focus resources for change and where not to be distracted just by slogans. But it is still very hard to get materials into a debate.
- I think you have a typo and mean DECREASED social mobility, and not "increased";
- I think you need to recognize the importance of the public and of democratic pressure to improve policy. "Policy makers" are often appointed to oppose change and have no interest in appropriate information or new approaches. For most of the problems we face today, there were solutions decades ago and most of what is written as solutions just repeats what we have known for decades. Most of the solutions are in the literature but they are buried so that they cannot be found. Scholars and researchers work to divert attention to them. So what we often need to do is uncover and promote what already exists. Open access can do that if we are effective with some of the focus that I suggest and that others can add to.
Best,
David Lempert, Ph.D., J.D., M.B.A., E.D. (Hon.)
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Is it not lowering the quality of education? What has been the purpose of exam invigilation over the years before the COVID-19 pandemic? Will their degrees be authentic? Will they not be half-baked? Is it not an online copy-paste game? What do you think?
There are no objective exams Samuel Mwendwa Your query is, imo, mostly a matter of precise technicalities, e.g. ID control. I do think there are two possible technical routes: A) fully automated examination in an anonymous way by multiple choice, B) something like a full oral rigorosum.
The main problem with all the online education (exams included) that I do see is the problem that outmoded educational practices will now be repeated electronically.
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HRM practices have been hugely affected by the pandemic across the globe. Is there any possibility of a change in the practices in the expected POST-COVID-19 era? Are we going to resort to our old and/ traditional HRM practices? What is your take on this as a practitioner or academic? Kindly share your thoughts with us, thank you.
Yes, there are changes to the world of work, such as.
Remote work, health and safety protocols, employee well-being and talent management. These changes have affected the human resource management (HRM)
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Hi all, I have sort of a paradoxical scenario that applies to several species groups throughout Southeast Asia and is becoming more and more probable in the very near future. I need to start a discussion with conservation-minded people who realize the implications of conservation policy advocacy and adverse effects those policy changes may have:
One of the common buzz-words of the post-Covid era is "One Health". For those unfamiliar with the One Health approach, it is a holistic framework with the objective of identifying and achieving balance between the health of people, animals, and ecosystems. The One Health approach is a lens that recognizes humans, wildlife, and the environment are intrinsically connected, whereby beneficial or adverse effects on one component will directly affect the others.
When we apply One Health to wildlife trade policy, many groups are advocating that hotspot wildlife trade nations (like Vietnam and China), do not implement all-out bans on wildlife, but instead a select group of high-risk species that are prone to zoonotic disease transfer with humans, as a pandemic prevention measure... and here lay the issue....
I have just recently analyzed data for three government rescue centers in the north and south Vietnam for an IUCN project, and during the pandemic, we have seen an increase in "High-risk species X" (insert primates, viverrids, mustelids, etc.) rescues compared to the years prior. I spoke with some of the rescue team and managers and they said that people are voluntarily handing over captive High-risk species X to authorities more often now because they worry about disease, and more strict wildlife regulation enforcement since the pandemic began.   This has definitely put a strain on Rescue Center facilities in the country, especially those run by government employees who don't have regular access to experienced vets, and who often release animals that have no business being released back into the wild (obviously ill, over habituated to humans, non-native to the area, etc.) I'm wondering what solutions we can recommend for this problem, because if conservationists continue to advocate for these "Common Sense One Health Policies" that elevate an all-out ban high-risk species, and start realistically enforcing bans on keeping High-risk Species X these voluntary hand-overs will explode and result in Rescue Centers filling over their capacity, and government officials rapidly releasing tons of High-risk Species X (whether native or not) back into the nearest protected area forests. The fallout from this could be devastating -- biological invasions, massive outbreaks of disease into wild populations, inbred depression from farmed animals decreasing fitness of wild populations, who knows what else...
And there is the paradox -- If we ban high-risk zoonotic disease species from wildlife trade, we protect them from that particular threat, and we prevent future pandemics through that particular human-wildlife interface; but in doing so, we risk damning a more significant population-level of wildlife, which could also lead to a pandemic through a different interface caused by the releases and inter-species spikes.
How do we address this problem before it happens -- and it will happen?
A map that identifies hotspots where wildlife trade could cause the most damage might help conservation scientists and policymakers to decide where to focus resources. Species’ evolutionary histories and information about their ecological roles were mapped onto data about illegal and legal trade of birds and mammals. The map shows the potential impact of removing a species from an ecosystem...
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To date, the human cost of coronavirus (COVID-19) is more than 13 000000 infections, and more than 570000 death worldwide. The economic cost so far has been staggering. Many economies almost come to a halt. The impact on supply, demand, the financial market is affecting both larger and smaller firms. However, SMEs are at a disadvantage due to limited resources, existing obstacles in securing capital, and the span of time over which they can survive this pandemic compared to the larger firms.
How SMEs and new start-ups are going to handle this pandemic? Can they survive it or a great majority of them will go out of business? Should the government step in to help?
The impact of COVID-19 on new start-ups and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) has been significant and varied. While some have managed to survive and even thrive during these challenging times, others have faced substantial challenges and, unfortunately, some have been forced to shut down. The overall impact depends on several factors, including the industry, location, adaptability, financial stability, and the duration and severity of lockdowns and restrictions in their respective regions.
Challenges faced by start-ups and SMEs during COVID-19:
1. Revenue Loss and Cash Flow Constraints: Many start-ups and SMEs experienced a sharp decline in revenue, especially those operating in industries directly affected by lockdowns and social distancing measures, such as hospitality, travel, retail, and entertainment. This revenue loss led to cash flow constraints, making it difficult for businesses to cover operational expenses and debts.
2. Supply Chain Disruptions: The pandemic disrupted global supply chains, leading to shortages of raw materials and delayed shipments. This affected the production and distribution capabilities of many start-ups and SMEs, especially those reliant on imported goods.
3. Reduced Consumer Spending: With economic uncertainty and job losses, consumer spending decreased in various sectors. Start-ups and SMEs relying on discretionary spending saw a decline in demand for their products or services.
4. Limited Access to Funding: Investors became cautious during the pandemic, and many venture capital firms shifted their focus to supporting existing portfolio companies rather than making new investments. As a result, new start-ups found it challenging to secure funding.
5. Remote Work Transition: The sudden shift to remote work posed challenges for some start-ups and SMEs that were not prepared for a remote work environment. It impacted team collaboration, productivity, and the overall work culture.
6. Uncertainty and Fear: The overall uncertainty caused by the pandemic led to fear and hesitancy among consumers and businesses. Start-ups and SMEs struggled to plan for the future, not knowing how long the pandemic and its economic effects would last.
Despite the challenges, some start-ups and SMEs have managed to survive and even thrive by adopting various strategies:
1. Digital Transformation: Businesses that quickly adapted to online operations, e-commerce, and digital marketing fared better during the pandemic. Those with robust online platforms were able to continue selling products and services to a wider audience.
2. Pivoting Business Models: Some start-ups changed their core offerings or targeted new markets that were in demand during the pandemic. For example, some restaurants switched to takeout and delivery services, and some clothing manufacturers began producing face masks.
3. Cost Optimization: Companies that implemented cost-cutting measures and managed their finances efficiently were better positioned to weather the crisis.
4. Government Support: Various governments worldwide offered financial assistance, grants, and loans to support struggling businesses during the pandemic.
5. Innovation and Creativity: Start-ups and SMEs that continued to innovate and find unique solutions to pandemic-related challenges had a higher chance of survival.
Can they survive?
The survival of new start-ups and SMEs amid the ongoing impact of COVID-19 remains uncertain and heavily dependent on various factors. Those that have successfully adapted their business models, managed their finances, and embraced digital transformation are more likely to survive. However, many businesses, especially in highly affected industries, continue to face significant challenges.
As the situation evolves and vaccination efforts progress, economic recovery is expected, which can provide some relief to struggling businesses. However, it may take time for certain industries to fully recover.
In conclusion, while the pandemic has posed immense challenges for new start-ups and SMEs, those that have been resilient, adaptable, and creative in navigating these unprecedented times have a better chance of survival. Government support, access to funding, and a gradual return to normalcy will also play crucial roles in determining the fate of these businesses.
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Since the start of the COVID-19 Pandemic, many governments and private organizations allocated large sums of money to fund projects dealing with various areas related to this virus. The vaccine is the most prominent area but detection, caring and monitoring of the patients revealed that the current medical equipment is not adequate and sufficient. Are these funding going to lead to invention or innovation? have you seen any report of innovation in medical technology in your community?
Yes, the COVID-19 pandemic is likely to serve as an engine for innovation in medical technology. The unprecedented challenges posed by the pandemic have driven the healthcare and medical technology industries to rapidly develop and adopt innovative solutions to address the crisis. Here are some ways in which the pandemic has accelerated innovation in medical technology:
1. Vaccines and Therapeutics: The urgent need for vaccines and therapeutics to combat COVID-19 led to unprecedented global efforts in research and development. The development and deployment of mRNA vaccines, such as those from Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, showcased the potential of new vaccine technologies.
2. Telemedicine and Remote Healthcare: The pandemic pushed the adoption of telemedicine and remote healthcare solutions to provide medical services to patients while minimizing in-person contact. Virtual consultations, remote monitoring, and telehealth platforms have become more widely accepted and integrated into healthcare systems.
3. Digital Health Solutions: Contact tracing apps, health monitoring wearables, and digital health platforms have been developed or repurposed to help track and manage the spread of the virus, monitor patients' health remotely, and provide real-time data for public health officials.
4. Medical Imaging and AI: Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning algorithms have been applied to medical imaging, such as chest X-rays and CT scans, to aid in the detection and diagnosis of COVID-19. These technologies have shown promise in enhancing diagnostic accuracy and efficiency.
5. Ventilator Innovation: The high demand for ventilators during the pandemic spurred efforts to develop and produce new and more efficient ventilator models to support patients with severe respiratory issues.
6. Rapid Diagnostic Tests: The need for quick and accurate COVID-19 testing led to the development of various rapid diagnostic tests, including antigen tests and molecular point-of-care devices.
7. Supply Chain and Logistics Innovations: The pandemic highlighted vulnerabilities in the medical supply chain. Innovations in supply chain management and logistics have been explored to ensure the efficient distribution of medical equipment, PPE, and vaccines.
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Economics of different countries is collapsed because of COVID-19. What you think? What will be the opportunities of funding at higher studies after this Pandemic? Please share your thoughts regarding this issue. Your valuable thoughts will be highly appreciated.
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused disruptions and changes in various aspects of higher education, including funding opportunities for international students pursuing higher studies in different countries. While the pandemic has presented challenges, it has also led to some opportunities in funding for students. Here are some potential opportunities to consider:
1. Scholarships and Grants: Many universities and governments around the world offer scholarships and grants to attract international students. After the pandemic, there may be increased emphasis on supporting students from diverse backgrounds, including those affected by the economic impact of the pandemic.
2. Financial Aid and Support: Some countries and institutions may increase their financial aid packages to help students overcome financial barriers to higher education.
3. Research Funding: Universities and research institutions may focus on research related to pandemics, public health, and other fields that are crucial in addressing global challenges. This could create additional funding opportunities for students interested in these areas of study.
4. Industry Partnerships: There might be increased collaboration between universities and industries to address pandemic-related issues and other global challenges. This could lead to funded research projects and opportunities for students to work on practical and relevant research.
5. Online Learning Opportunities: The pandemic has accelerated the adoption of online education. Students may find opportunities to access high-quality education from prestigious institutions around the world through online programs, often at a more affordable cost.
6. Government Initiatives: Some governments may introduce special funding initiatives or incentives to attract international students as a part of their economic recovery plans.
7. Flexible Work and Study Options: In a post-pandemic world, some countries might offer flexible work options for international students, allowing them to support their studies financially while gaining work experience.
8. Remote Research Opportunities: Students may find opportunities to collaborate on research projects remotely with universities and research centers around the world, which could lead to funding support.
9. Philanthropic Contributions: Donors and philanthropic organizations might increase their contributions to support higher education and research in response to the pandemic's impact on the global community.
It is essential for students to actively research funding opportunities and stay updated on the latest developments in higher education funding. Many funding opportunities have specific application deadlines and requirements, so students should plan ahead and be proactive in seeking financial support.
Additionally, students can reach out to their prospective universities' international student offices or financial aid offices to inquire about available funding options and scholarships tailored to their field of study and background.
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My research paper aims to address three key research questions that focus on exploring the specific legal implications of COVID-19 on the international sale of goods and understanding how international trade laws and agreements have adapted to the challenges brought about by the pandemic.
1. What are the specific legal implications of COVID-19 on the international sale of goods?
2. How have international trade laws and agreements adapted to the challenges posed by the pandemic?
3. What are the implications for contract formation, performance, and remedies in international sales contracts due to COVID-19?
Law and journalism I have read but it is not my research subject s.
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Prevailing sustainable challenges for the indsutries, innovation and application of frugality in innovation is required. What extent diffusion workout among different scale of busienss, different age of entrepreneurs and among different nature of businesses?
Yes, it is applicable, as many other models.
I invite you to read this paper:
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To date, the SDGs have failed to reduce socioeconomic inequality within and between countries in the post-covid pandemic World. How can governments, civil society, and other stakeholders regain the momentum lost, to "leave no one behind?
You are right, the momentum had for achieving SDGs prior to Covid19 was diminished with new normal that enterprises to individual looking for survival than achieving greater goals. In fact, we need think about what actually has happened during the pandemic...it driven us for more sustainable way of living, reducing our carbon footprint....converting our way of living to reduce carbon emission etc. So, I believe we need pitch on this and convince the public on the benefits of that...We need to prioritise sustainability across the board.
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Dear Researchers,
The COVID -19 pandemic caused by SARS CoV-2 is taking away many lives. Till now there is no approved vaccine to tackle this. Literatures and media are giving us information that it will take around 6 to 8 months more to get the vaccine. Besides, alternative medicines are getting attention to treat COVID-19. Will plant metabolites be the hope to get the therapeutics before other drugs or vaccines. How it is possible? Share your thinking, please.
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In your country's higher education system, which do you think is more important for the effectiveness of using mobile technologies to improve learning outcomes: student readiness and motivation, or appropriate content and instructional design?
Why and how can these factors be optimized to enhance the potential benefits of mobile learning for students?
I agree that instructors should consider students' needs and interests when designing course content. Each student is unique and may have different learning styles, so it's important for instructors to take the time to understand what motivates them. By doing so, instructors can create effective and engaging content that promotes student success.
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Did the Covid 19 pandemic put the theory of international relations in a crisis of interpretation, or did it put it in front of the criteria of justification? Was Concy Wright right in his words about the total theory in international relations?
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I recently read you thesis, The Concept of the Ascent of Prayer by Sixteenth-century
Jerusalem Kabbalist, R. Joseph ibn Zayyah. Question: Does Zayyah discuss in his Perush le-Tefilah the meaning of the six Mahs [Who are we? What is our Life, etc] in the prayer Ribbon Ha'Olamim located before the first Shema? Are you familiar with additional explanations of the six Mahs?
Unfortunately, due to the Covid-19 pandemic libraries are closed and I cannot travel due to recent cardiac surgery and my age. Any assistance would be appreciated.
Thank you.
Michael Alter
At the presentation '' Who are we''it depends on individual existence ,development ,with every individual are receiving the creation of his identity & presentation . This may offer the creative justice for himself .With this for individual life some years back I have expressed my views in my presentation which I submit herewith for your perusal
''It is not pessimistic view. Otherwise it has also been said we are architect of our own fortune. We know we our life & as such we are creator of our own life & in his line our life not in our hand appears to be contradictory .
This is my personal opinion
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Post pandemic, most of the teaching and research activities are happening in campus. This is likely to have positive impact on teaching and research activities. What is your assessment of teaching and research activities contribution post pandemic vis-a-vis during pandemic?
So far, data suggests that children under the age of 18 years represent about 8.5% of reported cases, with relatively few deaths compared to other age groups and usually mild disease. However, cases of critical illness have been reported. As with adults, pre-existing medical conditions have been suggested as a risk factor for severe disease and intensive care admission in children.
Further studies are underway to assess the risk of infection in children and to better understand transmission in this age group.
Regards,
Shafagat
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I am looking for a statistician who can help me analyze data from two surveys: student & teacher answers regarding self-efficiency during the pandemic. S/he will become the fourth author of a manuscript.
Thank you and good luck with your own research, too!
Hi Ma'Mon, thank you for your reply. The study is already executed, data collected (IRB approval, etc.). I just need a statistician who can work on the two sets of data (teachers' survey & students' survey).
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What child social development support programmes, child psychological support programmes are being developed in relation to the increasing scale of psychological problems in children, which have significantly worsened since March 2020, i.e. since the lockdowns, national quarantines, universal e-learning, social distancing in public places, etc., introduced during the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic?
At the beginning of May 2023, the World Health Organisation lifted the state of global epidemiological emergency associated with Covid-19. In Poland, the state of heightened epidemiological emergency associated with Covid-19 is not due to be lifted until the end of June 2023. This is likely to increase the scale of ongoing research into the various secondary effects of the Covid-19 pandemic, both the post-pandemic, post-vaccine health effects, then also the social and economic effects, including, for example, on the issue of rising inflation from 2021 generated by the introduction of a large amount of additional money into the economy during the Covid-19 pandemic, which was mainly intended to limit the scale of the increase in unemployment caused by the introduced lockdowns. In Poland, the PIS government is mainly responsible for the deterioration of children's mental state, which unreflectively and without applied research and public consultation introduced large-scale lockdowns imposed on selected sectors of the economy, national quarantines, universal e-learning, social distancing in public places, etc. ... and even a ban on entering forests during part of the period of wave 1 of the pandemic.
From mid-2022 onwards, more and more comparative studies began to appear, which compared internationally the question of the correlation between the rate of development of the pandemic, the number of deaths categorised as caused by the severe Covid-19 disease state and the occurrence of co-morbidities, usually in more than 90 per cent of cases, and the so-called 'anti-pandemic safety instruments' introduced to varying degrees in individual countries. The results of the study did not confirm the findings of the study, which was based on the results of the research carried out by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). The results of the research carried out did not support the thesis regarding the validity of the
of the lockdowns introduced during the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic as an instrument to significantly reduce the level of mortality caused solely by the severe Covid-19 condition, exclusively, i.e. by subtracting the factor of co-morbidities. In some countries, the generating factors of specific comorbidities were key influential determinants shaping mortality levels. For example, in Poland, where, due to the government's neglect and deliberate slowing down and blocking of the development of renewable energy sources in recent years, more than three quarters of energy is still produced by the technologically backward dirty power industry based on burning hard coal and lignite, which generates the worst air quality in cities during heating periods compared to Europe and the world. This poor air quality, determined by high levels of particulate matter (PM 2.5, PM 10, etc.), is the source of premature deaths, estimated at around 50 000 people, i.e. deaths caused by respiratory and other diseases resulting from high levels of air pollution. Such diseases are examples of diseases coexisting with Covid-19, which were compounding factors in the level of mortality qualified as caused by these diseases in combination with Covid-19 during the pandemic. In the government-led pandemic risk management process, different structures were adopted to prioritise safety on the one hand for health and on the other hand also for socio-economic safety. Different solutions were adopted in the countries in terms of the applied anti-pandemic safety and anti-crisis instruments with regard to the economy. Consequently, the effects of these measures were also not the same. The economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic (Covid-19) and the applied anti-pandemic instruments also varied significantly between the various different industries and sectors of the economy.
These systemic anti-pandemic measures mainly benefited the technology sectors, companies operating on the Internet, businesses developing e-commerce, courier companies, state-owned companies receiving additional government contracts for the production of anti-pandemic assortments, e.g. hand disinfectant fluids, production of protective masks, etc. On the other hand, there were many more companies and enterprises, mainly operating in the service sectors, which were subject to lockdowns and suffered severe financial losses, some going out of business because of them, which in macroeconomic terms generated a deep recession of the economy during the 1st wave of the pandemic. However, as it later turned out, there were many more problems caused by such anti-pandemic socio-economic policies. Among these various secondary effects of the negative and particularly socially significant problems generated by the misguided antipandemic socio-economic policy, one stands out the increasing scale of psychological problems in children, which have significantly worsened since March 2020, i.e. since the lockdowns introduced during the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic, national quarantines, universal e-learning, social distancing in public places, etc., and have been exacerbated by the controversial pseudo-reforms applied to the education system over the past few years. In Poland, this problem is very serious. This is confirmed, inter alia, by the data on the growing scale of child suicides in the period from 2020 to 2022. Lockdowns, national quarantines, universal e-learning, social distancing in public places, etc., introduced and applied on a large scale during the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic in Poland, have caused disorders in the social development of children and adolescents. In view of this, it is essential to create and develop programmes to support the social development of children, programmes of psychological assistance for children, which should prevent the growing scale of psychological problems in children.
In view of the above, I address the following question to the Honourable Community of scientists and researchers:
What programmes of support for children's social development, programmes of psychological assistance for children are being developed in connection with the increasing scale of problems of a psychological nature in children, which have significantly worsened since March 2020, i.e. since the lockdowns introduced during the coronavirus pandemic (Covid-19), national quarantines, universal e-learning, social distancing in public places, etc.?
What child development support programmes, child welfare programmes are being developed in relation to the increasing scale of mental health problems in children?
And what is your opinion on this topic?
What is your opinion on this subject?
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
Knowing and doings are different things far from each other.
Parenting is very challenging, and regret is very painful. The system fails, and force fail innocent and knowledgeable ones.
After tremendous endurance, Wake up and realised, failure enforced upon me, despite hardest, full effort dedication and attentions... Love fails.. love is weak and only to walk ., Delicate..
Sincerely with pain,
Fatema
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What were the various investment objectives financed by the additional off-budget money introduced into the economy since the beginning of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic?
What were the key priorities and effects of the application of public financial aid programs financed with additional extra-budgetary money introduced into the economy?
What were the key priorities and effects of using state financial aid programs under the so-called anti-crisis interventionist activities financed with additional extra-budgetary money introduced into the economy through covid programs and earmarked funds?
What were the different purposes of financing specific anti-crisis measures that were identified as priorities during the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic?
What anti-crisis economic processes were activated by the extra-budgetary introduction of a large amount of additional money into the economy, which resulted, among others, in a significant increase in inflation (from 2021) and an increase in the hidden debt of the state's public finance system (from 2020)? What are the economic effects if the extra money finances mainly an increase in consumption compared to an increase in investment?
In view of the above, I am addressing the Honorable Community of scientists and researchers with the following question: What were the different purposes of financing specific anti-crisis measures that were identified as priorities during the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic? What anti-crisis economic processes were activated by the extra-budgetary introduction of a large amount of additional money into the economy, which resulted, among others, in a significant increase in inflation (from 2021) and an increase in the hidden debt of the state's public finance system (from 2020)? What are the economic effects if the extra money finances mainly an increase in consumption compared to an increase in investment? What were the key priorities and effects of applying public financial aid programs under the so-called anti-crisis interventionist activities financed with additional extra-budgetary money introduced into the economy through covid programs and earmarked funds? What were the various investment objectives financed by the additional off-budget money introduced into the economy since the beginning of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic?
What is your opinion on this topic?
What is your opinion on this issue?
I invite everyone to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
The above text is fully my original work written by me on the basis of my research. In writing this text, I did not use any other sources or automatic text generation systems, such as ChatGPT. Copyright by Dariusz Prokopowicz
best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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What is the likelihood of another pandemic in the future as estimated by the predictive analyses carried out, based on computerised, multi-faceted, big data mathematical modelling?
To what extent does climate change, progressive global warming, climate change across continents, increased environmental pollution and the impact of toxic waste pollution on human health, etc. increase the likelihood of another pandemic in the future as estimated by the predictive analyses carried out, based on computerised, multi-faceted, big data mathematical modelling?
On 4 May 2023, the World Health Organisation lifted the state of global epidemiological emergency associated with Covid-19. The WHO declared that Covid-19 no longer posed a public health, human health threat on a global scale. The WHO introduced the state on 30 January 2020, and after more than three years, the state was lifted. But the key point is that it was lifted as an epidemiological risk 'only' on a global scale and not as a direct recommendation for individual countries. Well, in individual countries, the levels of infection and mortality, although significantly lower than in 2020, are still occurring as part of local, successive, seasonal increases in infection with specific types of relentlessly emerging successive virus strains, and are significantly different in terms of the comparative analyses carried out. Globally, almost 7 million people have died according to Covid-19 death statistics and in more than 90 per cent of cases in combination with the presence of various co-morbidities. In Poland, these deaths were 120 000 with 5.5 million diagnosed infections and more than 250 000 excess deaths. In Poland, the Covid-19 epidemiological emergency is due to be lifted at the end of June 2023. In relation to this, is there still research being conducted by the WHO on the secondary effects of the Covid-19 pandemic? The 2018 Spanish flu was an avian flu that passed to humans. This was not the only such case in which a virus that causes disease in specific animal species started to infect and cause specific diseases in humans as well. It may have been similar with the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus, because before it started infecting humans it had previously developed in certain bat species, among others. It is likely that this virus acquired new features after the modification of its genome applied in laboratories, its effect was enhanced, it escaped from the laboratory and also started infecting humans. According to mathematical models of forecasting, which take into account population growth, increased population density in urban areas, low levels of sanitation in many parts of the world, low levels of availability of clean water in many economically poorer countries, the rate of creation of new strains of influenza viruses, coronaviruses, RSV, etc., which attack humans and certain animal species, the progressive process of global warming, climate change on different continents, increased environmental pollution and the impact of toxic waste pollution on human health, etc., it is likely that the virus will become more widespread in the future.
In view of the above, I address the following question to the esteemed community of scientists and researchers:
To what extent does climate change, the progressive process of global warming, climate change across continents, the increase in environmental pollution and the impact of toxic waste pollution on human health, etc., increase the probability of the appearance of another pandemic in the future as estimated by the predictive analyses carried out based on computerised, multifaceted, data-intensive mathematical modelling?
What is the likelihood of another future pandemic estimated from ongoing predictive analytical work based on computerised multi-faceted mathematical modelling with big data?
What is the likelihood of another pandemic occurring in the future?
What is your opinion on this subject?
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
With nature being exploited, global warming, threat of bioterrorism, Such Pandemics is not far from reality, one health approach is the solution. the article is attached
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The essay has a total word requirement of 2500 (+/- 5%) words. It should demonstrate proper use of tables and diagrams and graphs where necessary and should also demonstrate in-depth research skills including use of a wide variety of information sources, proper citations and referencing formatting, and proper paraphrasing of borrowed ideas and information
Papua New Guinea's economy has been hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic due to weaker demand and less favorable terms of trade. Pandemic-related global and national movement restrictions have weakened external and domestic demand and affected commodity prices, which has led to an economic contraction, wider financing gaps in the external and fiscal accounts, and higher unemployment and poverty ¹. The tourism industry in Papua New Guinea has also been severely impacted as a result of COVID-19 and the travel restrictions imposed to contain its spread ⁴.
(3) COVID-19 pandemic in Papua New Guinea - Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_Papua_New_Guinea.
(4) The impact of COVID-19 and policy measures undertaken in Papua New Guinea. https://blogs.griffith.edu.au/asiainsights/the-impact-of-covid-19-and-policy-measures-undertaken-in-papua-new-guinea/.
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I am conducting qualitative research on teachers' perceptions about the impact of covid-19 pandemic on their performance.
How do draft the survey questionnaires to collect the data.
I need help with the sampling questions.
Thank you.
Adeyo Samuels has a lot of great ideas. Define your population, sample, and size. Bigger is not always better. Fewer, more indepth questions and a follow up is better.
All unstructured/semistructured interviews or first focus groups? Decide on what you want to know. All these issues go back to your aims and methodology (e.g., a grounded theory study will be vastly different than a phenomenology study, etc.)
By perceptions, what do you want to know? Look both at the COVID-education literature and the broader field.
Pilot your interview questions after carefully crafting them [can include initial analysis of the practice interview to see if you get the information you want and if questions are clear]. Consider techniques to improve the questions, such as the Delphi technique, interviewing/reviewers of outside experts, etc. Chenille has other ideas. I will review your guide if you asked.
Here could be the simple way to start. "Tell me about teaching during COVID." Then ask probing questions and inquire about best/worst experiences and "tell me more." Avoid why questions!
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Due to this pandemic severe crisis occurred throughout the world. Human hunger indexed has been increased due to this pandemic.
It is likely that the Covid-19 pandemic will have a long-term impact on food consumption. Here are some reasons why this could happen:
1. Health Concerns: The pandemic has highlighted the importance of good health and disease prevention. People might be more mindful of their diet and prefer healthier foods to boost their immune system.
2. Changes in shopping habits: The pandemic has also changed the way people buy their food. Online shopping and home deliveries have increased dramatically, which could change the way food companies sell and distribute their products.
3. Concern for sustainability: The pandemic has also highlighted the importance of sustainability and food security. Consumers may be more concerned about where food comes from and how it is produced.
4. Changes in food preferences: Finally, the pandemic could change people's food preferences. People might be less likely to eat foods that have been linked to transmission of the virus, such as raw foods or self-serve buffets.
However, it is important to note that the long-term impacts of the pandemic on food consumption will depend on many factors, including the evolution of the pandemic itself, government policies, technological innovations and consumer preferences.
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I am doing qualitative studies; can anyone help me with how to draft a questionnaire to collect information about the impact of covid-19 on teachers' performance.
I support the views of Prof.Dr.Charles.
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corona pandemic is worldwide issue and during the lockdown period people are getting depressed. so let all discuss their way of handling stress
Worries & anxiety remain the problem for well many human beings to come in the mode of progressive development for the individual . Worries all the time start with anxiety which remain the disturbing phase for certain individual .
Worries remain in mental attitude for our thinking phase & for every human beings one can certainly get rid worries for their action of life . For Corona or any serious problem even of our health which we have to keep our mind in silent mode to find the solution of the same peacefully .With this you have to understand that any disturbing phase of our life may also come out as a part of our destiny . With this also not in our hand .
This is my personal opinion
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As with SARS Cov, could we expectate some CV sequelae of the current pandemic? Is there any current predictor that could determine the long terme cardiovascular prognosis in long term covid19 survivors?
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Is there an effect of the Corona pandemic on the scientific level of students, two years after the Corona pandemic?
Yes, It is possible that the Corona pandemic had an effect on pupils' scientific level two years after the epidemic. The pandemic's disruptions to education systems around the world, such as school closures, remote learning, and changes to test formats, may have harmed students' learning outcomes.
However, without precise data and studies, it is difficult to make broad statements regarding the pandemic's impact on pupils' scientific levels. The consequences will differ depending on the country, location, school, and individual children. Consider the steps made by educational institutions to handle the pandemic's disruptions, including as expanded support for remote learning and alternative evaluation methods.
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Hot off the press: an analysis of the impact of Covid-19 pandemic on students' learning at the Institute of Tourism Studies (Malta). ITS is a VET higher education institution focusing on travel, tourism, hospitality and heritage studies. The impact of the pandemic was clear and students have given a clear direction: blended learning (on campus and online together) is a way forward post-pandemic. The pandemic turned face-to-face learning into e-learning overnight in March 2020. As the pandemic scare, subsided, educational institutions started to request faculty and students to come back on campus as if Covid-19 had not happened. But students and faculty are saying that there is no turning back time. A blend that exploits the affordances of both face-to-face and e-learning is clearly a balanced way forward for ITS students and faculty.
Dear Dr. Debattista!
You made an excellent point! I agree also with Prof. Emeritus Dr. Edwards:
1) Howard, S.K., Tondeur, J. Higher education teachers' digital competencies for a blended future. Education Tech Research Dev 71, 1–6 (2023). https ://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-023-10211-6, Open access:
2) Evenhouse, D., Lee, Y., Berger, E. et al. Engineering student experience and self-direction in implementations of blended learning: a cross-institutional analysis. IJ STEM Ed 10, 19 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-023-00406-x, Open access:
3) Class Technologies (2023). Building engagement in Europe and the Middle East through hybrid learning, A case-study webinar by The Times Higher Education, 13 March 2023, Available at: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/campus/building-engagement-europe-and-middle-east-through-hybrid-learning
4) Nungu L, Mukama E, Nsabayezu E. Online collaborative learning and cognitive presence in mathematics and science education. Case study of university of Rwanda, college of education. Educ Inf Technol (Dordr). 2023 Feb 8:1-20. doi: 10.1007/s10639-023-11607-w. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36779197; PMCID: PMC9905761. Free access:
Yours sincerely, Bulcsu Szekely
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I am looking for participants age 60+ to take part in my doctoral research project exploring long term associations between the covid-19 pandemic and wellbeing – the deadline for participation is 31th May 2023.
Many people continue to suffer direct and indirect consequences of the covid-19 pandemic, whilst other people have coped remarkably well. This research investigates the factors responsible for different wellbeing outcomes in the context of the later stages of the covid-19 pandemic.
In order to do this, participants are asked to speak to a friendly university researcher over the phone about their wellbeing, using established questionnaires. All calls are completely anonymous and confidential.
Every participant who takes part is entered into a prize draw to win one of four £50 Vouchers (choice of Amazon or Marks and Spencer). In addition, participants often report a sense of empowerment and purpose through taking part in scientific research.
I would really appreciate your help in spreading the word about this research project to people you know who are age over 60 and inviting them to take part in the study.
If would like more information, or know someone who may like to take part, please fill in the contact form below or contact me via mobile 07778 619 030 or email wellbeingstudy@st-andrews.ac.uk. Alternatively, feel free to forward the following link, so potential participants can register their interest and I can contact them directly: https://forms.office.com/r/9GSKDp4NZe
Thank you for reading this, please pass along my details to anyone over age 60 you know!
Effie Assan (She/ Her/ Hers)
UTREC Ethical approval – PS15913
:) sure there are - me p.e.
K.G.
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Has the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic caused a reduction or increase in remote online communication, business cooperation, co-operation, clustering, etc. between companies, businesses, between business entities, financial institutions, public institutions, local government, non-governmental organisations and other entities?
In the sectors of manufacturing companies, financial institutions, online technology companies, online shops, etc., which experienced strong sales increases during the pandemic, the scale of business cooperation between business entities may have increased significantly. In contrast, in service sectors subject to lockdowns, forced reduction or real temporary cessation of business activities, sectors in lockdown-induced crisis and recession, the scale of development of business cooperation between economic operators may have decreased significantly. During the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, lockdowns imposed on selected service and commercial sectors of the economy were introduced in some countries, triggering an economic recession in mid-2020. In addition to this, international supply and procurement logistics chains were disrupted which further reduced the ability to produce certain types of goods and exacerbated the economic crisis. As a result, some operators decided to carry out recovery programmes and to increase the scale of their business using the Internet, including providing their services, offering products via the Internet, selling their product and service offerings online, improving e-logistics and remote Internet communication. Therefore, as a result of the downturn in the economy, the decline in economic activity, the scale of business cooperation in many businesses may have decreased. However, on the other hand, the scale of business and other cooperation conducted through remote Internet communication, the development of e-logistics, online payments and settlements, etc. may have increased.
In view of the above, I address the following question to the esteemed community of scientists and researchers:
Has the pandemic of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus (Covid-19) caused a decrease or increase in the scale of remote Internet communication, business cooperation, co-operation, clustering, etc. between companies, enterprises, between business entities, financial institutions, public institutions, local governments, non-governmental and other entities?
And what is your opinion on this topic?
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Warm regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
To some extent, yes. Especially during stocking and selling of essential goods.
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March 2023
Dear colleagues/friends around the world,
People around the world are still deeply concerned about the heightened and real international tensions around the world in post Covid-19 pandemic world.
Evident anxiety and fear are a reality everywhere, as the world is in an active state of transformational changes,
The recent book “Transforming Nations after the Covid-19 Pandemic; A Humanitarian and Planetary Systems Perspective” (Springer) directly speaks to these concerns. This book is readily available in hard copy, soft copy, or as an e-book or Kindle edition (ISBN 978-3-030-61809-4 ) through Amazon or your international bookstores and libraries.
It calls for international leadership of a high- order with a planetary systems perspective of the issues and challenges faced globally. This perspective is driven and informed by deep caring, empathy, hope, and positive values.
I invite today’s youth and emerging leaders to consider reading this important and eye-opening work. It provides with a perspective that goes beyond the news media outlets that are often anchored in fear and driven by current political agenda and interests.
You are also invited to link-up and communicate its author at any time through Linked in or directly at drcaro@sympatico.ca
Dr. Denis Caro
Dear Pr Emeritus Dr. Caro!
I found interesting papers that is related to your book:
1) Kortunov, A. Restoration, reformation, or revolution? Blueprints for the world order after the Russia–Ukraine conflict. China Int Strategy Rev. 4, 183–208 (2022), Free access:
2) Geis, A., Schröder, U. Global consequences of the war in Ukraine: the last straw for (liberal) interventionism?. Z Friedens und Konflforsch (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42597-022-00089-1, Open access: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s42597-022-00089-1
Yours sincerely, Bulcsu Szekely
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This RG open question is linked to the previous about the dramatic evolution (partly unexplainable) of COVID19 in Northern Italy during wave 1.
The previous RG open question is reported below🔴 and resulted in a completely alternative model for the evolution🟨 of SARS-CoV/2 from pre-pandemic phase to pandemic phase.
In this specific RG question, the intention is to create an open discussion on the possible emergence of a violent outbreak of avian flu or similar in central Europe.
This concern arises from a qualitative model that links three events which in the past have always characterized the violent explosion of a bird flu or similar.
---Coronavirus Epidemic/Pandemic;
---Conflict/War partly out of control;
---Pandemic avian flu or similar.
The ABSTRACT of the model can be consulted directly here.. https://www.researchgate.net/figure/46_fig2_367046404
This RG open question will serve to accumulate data both for and against this dire possibility.
Thanks to all the participants.
|--sv--|
🔴The novel Coronavirus in N. Italy, Lombardia 【 COVID19 / 2019nCoV / SARSCoV2 】 shows a fatality rate compatible with SARS-MERS. Why?? MAR.2020. -- https://www.researchgate.net/post/The-novel-Coronavirus-in-N-Italy-Lombardia-COVID19-2019nCoV-SARSCoV2-shows-a-fatality-rate-compatible-with-SARS-MERS-Why
🟨Link between the start of pandemic SARS-CoV/2 (COVID19) and the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan (Hubei: China): the furin cleavage site of spike protein. FEB.2022. -- https://www.researchgate.net/publication/358443761
ANALYZING REPLICATION, TRANSMISSION, AND PATHOGENESIS OF SARS-COV-2 AND ITS RELATION TO AVIAN INFECTIOUS BRONCHITIS VIRUS (IBV)
Dhama et al. (2020) point out that “further research should be directed toward the study of SARS-CoV-2 in suitable animal models for analyzing replication, transmission, and pathogenesis.” In this way, they undertake highly focused research on the following key aspects:
Immuno-informatics approach can be used for the identification of epitopes for inclusion in COVID-19 vaccine candidates. Recently, immuno-informatics was used to identify significant cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and B-cell epitopes in SARS-CoV-2 S protein. The interactions between these epitopes and their corresponding MHC class I molecules were studied further by using molecular dynamics simulations and found that the CTL epitopes bind with MHC class I peptide-binding grooves via multiple contacts, thus indicating their potential for generating immune responses. Such epitopes may possess the ideal characteristics to become part of COVID-19 vaccine candidates. The nucleocapsid (N) protein as well as the potential B cell epitopes of the E protein of MERS-CoV has been suggested as probable immuno-protective targets that induce both T-cell and neutralizing antibody responses. Reverse genetic strategies have been successfully used in live-attenuated vaccines to inactivate the exonuclease effects of non-structural protein 14 (nsp14) or to delete the envelope protein in SARS. Avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is a chicken CoV. It was suggested that avian live virus IBV vaccine (strain H) might be useful for SARS given that protection provided by strain H is based on neutralizing antibody production as well as other immune responses. Hence, avian IBV vaccine may be considered another option for COVID-19 after evaluating its safety in monkeys.
Bibliographical reference
• Dhama, K., Sharun, K., Tiwari, R., Dadar, M., Malik, Y. S., Singh, K. P., & Chaicumpa, W. (2020). COVID-19, an emerging coronavirus infection: advances and prospects in designing and developing vaccines, immunotherapeutics, and therapeutics. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 1-7. Retrieved from: (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7103671/). [Accessed May 25, 2020].
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Developing countries adopted online learning just because of pandemic and most probably those nations opt-out from online learning and teaching after the situation settled down. So, what kind of variables could be studied to know about what kept online classes still alive in developing countries?
As an online (OL) teacher with DiploFoundation for 22 years, may I respond?
1. A growth in OL pre-dates the pandemic. When MFA personnel are deployed around the world (typically half or more of diplomats), OL methods are superior to bringing all of them to one place for on-site training. 2. If OL classes bring in participants from different countries (as at Diplo), there is additional gain via mutual learning within the class. 3. Given that OL teaching is a slower process (at Diplo, each lecture text is chewed over for a week; all our courses are part-time, a time commitment of 8 hours per week). That embeds the learning much better than onsite training for a few days.
We do need an objective comparative study to bring out all the OL benefits.
Thanks and good wishes,
Kishan S Rana
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The production, processing, and import/export of food items has been reducing significantly, which may result in food security issues in future, if not managed now.
If the country promotes the domestic farming system and they are not really to imports so defenitly No
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During the thawing of the subpolar permafrost, triggered by accelerating global warming, could viruses and bacteria from many thousands of years ago, which are dangerous to humans, emerge and cause another pandemic?
The thawing of permafrost, which has been present for thousands and millions of years in areas near the Arctic Circle, mainly in the Arctic, caused by the accelerating process of global warming, will result in the release into the atmosphere of thousands and possibly millions of tonnes of hitherto frozen methane, a gas that is many times more greenhouse-generating than CO2, which will result in a significant acceleration of the already rapid process of global warming. However, this is not the only very dangerous effect for human civilisation and for the state of the planet's biosphere of the progressing process of global warming, a process which has been taking place since the first industrial revolution, i.e. since the 18th century. Among the significant negative consequences of the increasingly rapid global warming process triggered by the industrial revolution based on the dirty energy of burning fossil fuels is the increase in the risk of a future pandemic caused by viruses emerging from the thawing of the permafrost in areas near the planet's Arctic Circle. These viruses emerged and were frozen many thousands and perhaps millions of years ago, i.e. when there was not yet a modern species of homo sapiens on planet Earth. Therefore, humans may not be immune at all to these strains of different types of viruses that functioned on the planet many thousands of years ago. In addition, the existence of many species of both wild animals and farmed livestock may also be threatened if thawing viruses from many thousands of years ago prove to be completely unfamiliar to the immune systems of said animals. According to CNN media reports, there are virological research laboratories currently working on revived viruses taken from thawing permafrost. These revived viruses are referred to in the media as "zombie viruses". In addition, high summer temperatures have thawed the corpses of people who died and were buried in cemeteries many years ago, as well as animals, from whose thawing bodies pathogenic strains of viruses and bacteria have emerged. The thawing of the permafrost in recent years, for example, has been identified as a major source factor in the occurrence of the anthrax epidemic in Siberia, because the high temperatures experienced in Siberia for the first time in many thousands of years allow viruses and bacteria to be released from human cemeteries and animal corpses, i.e. micro-organisms that functioned thousands of years ago and which may be particularly dangerous to humans and animals living on the planet today.
In view of the above, I address the following question to the esteemed community of scientists and researchers:
In the course of the rapid thawing of the sub-polar permafrost, caused by the progressive process of global warming, could viruses and bacteria from many thousands of years ago, which are dangerous to humans, come to light and cause another pandemic?
What is your opinion on this subject?
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
Dariusz Prokopowicz There are many recent works published for this subject. The risk was always present, but now it will be more significant.
Wu, Ruonan, Gareth Trubl, Neslihan Taş, and Janet K. Jansson. "Permafrost as a potential pathogen reservoir." One Earth 5, no. 4 (2022): 351-360.
Alempic, J.M., Lartigue, A., Goncharov, A.E., Grosse, G., Strauss, J., Tikhonov, A.N., Fedorov, A.N., Poirot, O., Legendre, M., Santini, S. and Abergel, C., 2023. An Update on Eukaryotic Viruses Revived from Ancient Permafrost. Viruses, 15(2), p.564.
Christie, Alec. "Blast from the Past: Pathogen Release from Thawing Permafrost could lead to Future Pandemics." (2021).
Hueffer, K., Drown, D., Romanovsky, V., & Hennessy, T. (2020). Factors contributing to anthrax outbreaks in the circumpolar north. EcoHealth, 17, 174-180.
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Where can I find sources or sites on Pandemics and Gender in SADC countries, ie. in Southern Africa?
sorte! viva o hoje, ajude o mundo de hj, amanhã pode aparecer outra pandemia...
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The world is still suffering from the consequences of the pandemic. The problem of bursting deficits and growing public debt is one of the problems that existed and has worsened further as economies are exposed to the pandemic, resulting in closures and deficits, and Governments are pumping liquidity to avoid devastating downturns. And it is no secret that the source of this liquidity was the excessive purchases of government bonds by central banks, With the beginning of the recovery and the opening of economies, production, trade and investment conditions are expected to improve, but the astronomical level of public debt remains a major concern for all. and possible problems that require extraordinary action that may negatively affect productive investment.
In these circumstances, can the same criteria of public debt continue to apply? The economic situation at the time of the outbreak of the pandemic was characterized by decline and deterioration, not only because of a war or a decline in demand, but also because of the epidemiological situation that prompted governments to close, and so there was a halt in the flow of raw materials, goods and funds not only between countries but also within the economy.
This question was previously asked on September 1, 2019, before the outbreak of the epidemic and before the outbreak of war in Eastern Europe.
Question is what is the government doing with the money? If it is spending on investments in infrastructure or education, it might be quite good.
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A large percent of of crude oil is consumed by transportation sector globally .
By referring to previous years statistics , more than 60 percent of worldwide oil consumption
belonged to transportation sector .
Corona virus pandemic mainly struck the travel and public transportation industry
in short term , that are part of transportation sector .
So the question may ensue the following questions :
- How many percent of oil consumption belonged to travel and public transportation industry ?
- How many percent the travel and public transportation industry is struck by pandemic in monetary term ?
- And how many percent of travel and public transportation industry costs is allocated to fuel (mostly crude oil products) consumption .
Can anyone introduce some references ?
The impact of the coronavirus pandemic on crude oil consumption has been significant, particularly in the short term. Here are some insights and references to help answer your questions:
1. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), transportation accounts for about 60% of global oil consumption. Of that, around 25% is used for passenger cars and light-duty vehicles, while the remaining 35% is used for heavy-duty vehicles, aviation, and marine transport.
2. The travel and public transportation industry has been severely impacted by the pandemic, with significant declines in both passenger traffic and revenue. According to the World Bank, the global tourism industry is expected to contract by 70% in 2020 compared to the previous year. The aviation industry has also been hit hard, with a decline in passenger traffic of around 60% in 2020 compared to 2019.
3. The share of travel and public transportation industry costs that is allocated to fuel consumption varies depending on the mode of transportation and the location. In general, however, fuel costs can represent a significant share of total operating costs. For example, in the United States, fuel costs can represent up to 30% of total operating costs for the trucking industry.
References:
• International Energy Agency (IEA). "Global Oil Demand to Decline in 2020 as Coronavirus Weighs Heavily on Markets." April 2020.
• World Bank. "COVID-19 to Plunge Global Economy into Worst Recession since World War II." June 2020.
• International Air Transport Association (IATA). "COVID-19: Impact on the Airline Industry." March 2020.
• U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). "Factors Affecting Gasoline Prices." May 2020.
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What emotional sensations do you have caused by changes in Nature associated with global warming, the growth of natural disasters, the emergence and spread of new pandemics in recent years?
This short questionnaire will take you no more than a couple of minutes. Your reward will be to find out what other respondents think about this problem. The results of the questionnaire will be open to all respondents.
With respect,
Roman Mylostyvyi
Is there any doubt that the situation on the planet is rapidly deteriorating? This week alone, there has been incredible seismic activity. Why don't climate scientists sound the alarm? Why don't scientists recognize their powerlessness to find effective ways to remedy the situation? If scientists don't know what to do, why don't they ask those who can give them the answer?
Turkey, my sincere condolences to you...
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Looking for research about how (ethnic, religious, and alternative clusters) minorities have fared in the history of pandemics since the start of the Enlightenment period?
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During the COVID-19 pandemic, hospitals have been at the forefront of the crisis and have faced a number of risks. Some of the main risks include:
Overcrowding: Hospitals have been overwhelmed with patients, leading to overcrowding in emergency departments and intensive care units.
Staff shortages: Many healthcare workers have become ill or have had to quarantine, leading to shortages in staff.
PPE shortages: Personal protective equipment (PPE) has been in high demand, leading to shortages and rationing in some areas.
Financial strain: The pandemic has put a strain on hospitals' finances, as elective procedures have been postponed and revenues have decreased.
Mental health: The pandemic has also taken a toll on the mental health of healthcare workers, who have been under tremendous stress and are at risk of burnout.
Spread of infection: Hospitals are also at risk of becoming major transmission sites for COVID-19, as patients and staff can easily spread the virus to others.
Limited capacity of ICUs and ventilator: Hospitals have to prioritize the care of COVID-19 patients which may limit their ability to provide care for other illnesses.
Virtual care and telemedicine: Hospitals had to adopt virtual care and telemedicine as a way to continue care for patients while limiting the exposure to COVID-19.
Mitigating the risks
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) can play a crucial role in mitigating some of the risks faced by hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Here are a few examples:
Telemedicine: ICT can be used to provide virtual care to patients, allowing them to receive medical consultations and treatment without having to visit a hospital in person. This can help reduce the risk of infection and overcrowding in hospitals.
Remote monitoring: ICT can be used to remotely monitor patients' vital signs and symptoms, reducing the need for in-person visits and the risk of infection.
Electronic health records (EHRs): ICT can be used to store and share patient information electronically, improving communication and coordination among healthcare providers and reducing the risk of medical errors.
Robotic technology: ICT can be used to deploy robots to perform tasks such as disinfecting hospital rooms, reducing the risk of infection.
Data analytics: ICT can be used to analyze large amounts of data, such as patient records and test results, to identify trends and patterns that can help healthcare providers make more informed decisions and respond more quickly to the pandemic.
Supply chain management: ICT can be used to track and manage the inventory of PPE, helping hospitals to ensure they have the supplies they need to protect staff and patients.
Contact tracing: ICT can be used to quickly identify and trace contacts of people who have tested positive for COVID-19, helping to slow the spread of the virus.
Overall, ICT can help hospitals improve communication, coordination, and data analysis, while reducing the risk of infection and other problems.
Dear Dr. Velibor Božić I think you covered the topic very well in the introduction, and you have already mentioned most of the risks that faced hospitals and health centers during the pandemic period...Although all life facilities have suffered from many obstacles, but the health aspect had the largest share In that...My sincere gratitude to all.
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Because of extensive lock up during the pandemic in many countries of the world, notably Europe, USA, Brazil, China and India, there was reduced use of hydrocarbons, especially due to much reduced use of transport. Activities dimmed down the production sector and big companies; schools, markets and even prayer places remained closed. There have been reports that the quantity of GHG in the atmosphere showed reduction because of the lock up. Is it correct? If yes, has it been quantitatively evaluated and has its impact on global temperature for the eight months period assessed?
Uh oh! , COVID-19 is a "One Thousand and One Nights" story. It seems that we are at the beginning!
Has this epidemic become a point to chronicle date like the One Thousand and One Nights stories? هل أصبح هذا الوباء نقطة تأريخ مثل حكايات ألف ليلة وليلة؟
Let me ask the following three questions:
• Is there a lack of interpretability and transparency related to this virus?
• Did we reach a state with this pandemic that is hard to control and monitor?
• Is COVID-19 one of nature's secretions or it has been fabricated in the laboratories of one or more countries?
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The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the face of the world and transformed our lives forever. Technology has not failed in the face of this transformation.
Fortunately
The pandemic has stimulated technological innovation and we have witnessed the production of an anthology of effective technical solutions deployed to deal with the pandemic.
Can we say that the COVID-19 pandemic had a positive impact on the development and stimulation of technological innovations, particularly those relating to the fight against COVID 19?
Although COVID-19 has been a greater threat to the globe. However, its unintended consequences that are beneficial to the world cannot be overlooked. I am of the opinion that COVID-19 had a positive impact on the development and stimulation of technological innovations.
Citing a few examples:
Telehealth as a response to no hospital beds, congestion, and long waiting time at the hospital due to high admitted COVID-cases
Robot deliveries like Zipline medical drones collecting and distributing blood samples to enhance covid 19 testing capacity. Other robots too delivered food and toiletries to patients.
Online meeting apps like zoom, google meet, and the like, as a response to limited physical gatherings to control the disease spread.
Voting by mail which took place in the US
Embedded financial technology that was used by banks, restaurants, transport companies, and insurance companies
Digital wallet was on a rise, especially in developing countries
Mental fitness apps
streaming services
Lastly, cybersecurity gained prominence in response to addressing security measures of COVID-19-related technology development and innovations.
COVID-19 pandemic had a positive impact on the development and stimulation of technological innovations
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According to the European Digital Strategy "The future of finance is digital: consumers and businesses are increasingly using digital financial services, innovative market participants are implementing new technologies, and existing business models are changing. Digital finance has helped citizens and businesses cope with the unprecedented situation created by the COVID19 pandemic. For example, online identity verification has enabled consumers to open accounts and use many financial services remotely. An increasing proportion of in-store payments are now digital and contactless, and online purchases (e-commerce) have grown significantly. FinTech solutions have helped expand and accelerate access to loans, including government-backed loans in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Ensuring the safe and reliable operation of digital infrastructures has also become more important as the number of people using online financial services has increased and financial sector employees are themselves working remotely." Moreover, in the context of the European Green Agreement 2050 and the green transition, an essential role is played by innovative financial instruments supporting both the business environment and the final beneficiaries as individual consumers.
Therefore, from a personal point of view, digital finance, open finance, entrepreneurial finance and green finance are pillars of sustainable societal development at the local and global level.
Indeed Digital finance and Fintech has helped citizens and businesses cope with the unprecedented situation created by the COVID19 pandemic. Digital finance , Fintech and Regtech are here to support the future financial needs of the citizens.
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Have you returned to the previous teaching/learning method? Or was there a mixture between the two (online and attendance)? Has that impacted you?
Very understandable... But we have to adapt to that and return to the previous methods with the help of modern methods... They cannot be separated.
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Unfortunately, there is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on a variety of factors. However, research has suggested that impulsivity is more common among younger people, males, those with lower educational attainment, and those with a cultural background that encourages risk-taking.
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The effect of digital technology on market innovation strategies and user digital technology experience of firms during the global health crisis of COVID-19: An empirical analysis of Nigerian SME’s and Startups.
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The outbreak of COVID19 pandemic may have some other impacts such as Environmental, Social, Psychological, Ethical, Moral, Physical, Natural resources, Ecosystem, Energy, Professional etc. The eminent experts from these fields kindly share your views with particular positive or negative impact of COVID19 pandemic.
The use of disinfectants and hand sanitizers throughout the COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative impact on the environment.
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One of the most important places in the pandemic has become the house. Now, the studies that have been conducted around the living experience of people at home have been equally important. It seems that it is better for those who have become sensitive to this field and who are studying, to communicate with each other and use their own and others' experiences for synergy and enrichment of these studies.
You may look at :
- Aristovnik, A., Keržič, D., Ravšelj, D., Tomaževič, N., & Umek, L. (2020). Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on life of higher education students: A global perspective. Sustainability, 12(20), 8438.
- Pownall, M., Harris, R., & Blundell-Birtill, P. (2022). Supporting students during the transition to university in COVID-19: Five key considerations and recommendations for educators. Psychology Learning & Teaching, 21(1), 3-18.
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Hi! I hope everyone is well. I'm in need for some more participants for my study and I would really appreciate it if you could take as little as 10 minutes out of your day to complete it. All responses are of course anonymous and you wouldn't be sharing any identifiable and personal information.
For my MSc dissertation, I’m looking at the impact of personality on preferences for different communicative modalities in the COVID-19 pandemic.
I’m inviting anyone over the age of 18 years old to participate in my study. Your responses are completely anonymous and taking part will only take roughly 15 minutes of your time.
I would greatly appreciate it if you would consider taking part in my study. All of the relevant information is detailed in the information sheets in the survey. Thank you in advance!
Sorry! We were unable to find this survey.
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Dear Colleagues,
I want to get some advice from you. Education, Teacher Training etc. Could you please suggest a journal themed, scanned in Q1 index, high impac factor, fast turnaround, free of charge from the author?
Keywords of the article are as follows: Turkish education, COVID-19 pandemic, Machine learning, Formal education, Distance education, OCSVM.
Thank you very much!
Murat
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Seems the decision to wear a mask in a pandemic is a classic information asymmetry problem. What is your take? Is it a signaling (Akerlof) and/or a moral hazard problem?
Although we appear to be entering the information age technically but not tech-know-logically in terms of human enlightenment, information economics is still in its infancy.
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From November (6–18), in Egypt’s resort town of Sharm el-Sheikh, the world's leaders will gather for their fifth time on the same continent, Africa, that is vulnerable to climate change. We all know that this is the 27th meeting where world leaders and experts gather to plan how to attempt a global pandemic that has stayed in the public discourse for two and a half decades since COP1 in (Berlin, Germany, 1995). Climate change is an issue that is complicated to dissect by both the so-called experts and the states and institutions, just like it is for a local man who is merely represented in these discussions. The media has complicated it a little more. However, it has managed to bring the issue to the most local communities and people in countries that are vulnerable to this whole global pandemic. What does that "last man", the news listener or viewer, back in the rural community in the global south think about this whole issue that is being discussed on his or her behalf?
You are very welcome to give your views.
Farmer usually observe all the climatic variability which generally we consider the effect of climatic change. They don't know much about this term but they know global warming and in true sense they know uncertainty related to agriculture crop. In my region (Uttarakhand, India), farmer usually tell about their past agriculture production, and now they observe the uncertainty in rainfall, dryness, etc.
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We would like to answer this and other questions in the next special issue of the journal Societies.
The COVID-19 pandemic has generated many social transformations in industry, especially presenting a major challenge to the healthcare industry. The healthcare industry has taken on many challenges from which we can learn. The pandemic, among many other factors, has led to different organizational models, changes in innovation strategies, changes in production models, and transformations in occupational risk prevention. The healthcare industry has had to respond quickly to all this, with the development of vaccines, conversion of non-healthcare companies into healthcare-related companies, etc.
For this reason, the aim of this Special Issue is to understand how the biosocial transformations generated by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic have affected this industrial sector. We are interested in knowing if innovations have been generated, if the pandemic has meant changes for companies, what challenges this sector has had to face, what consequences the pandemic has generated at an organizational level or even if it has implied transformations in communication or in the culture of healthcare companies. In this Special Issue, we want to bring together quality research from different perspectives: sociology, psychology, economics, marketing, business organization, business ethics, and so on, all from a healthcare perspective.
We expect to publish theoretical, qualitative inquiries, quantitative papers, and case studies on topics similar to the following and within the scope of the Special Issue:
• Occupational risk prevention;
• Relations between society and industry;
• Internal changes in companies;
• Analysis of economic transformations;
• New internal and external communication strategies;
• Changes in company culture;
• Future challenges of industry;
• Sociology of the healthcare industry.
• New needs of heathcare companies.
In this Special Issue, contributions should address the topic of the Special Issue and be an article, conceptual paper, or review.
Dear Prof. Coca!
There is an ongoing international research project which might be of interest to YOU (coordinator: Prof. Gyöngyi Kovacs - the HUMLOG Institute, started in: 2020- till 2023):
Yours sincerely, Bulcsu Szekely
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There has not been a single moment in the history of mankind where significant change has not occurred. In the earliest stages, natural events (droughts, rains, fire, eruptions...) made entire peoples change their customs and look for new settlements.
A couple of centuries ago the industrial revolution changed all the dominant paradigms and today technology is transforming the world.
What I want to say is that yes, of course, social codes can be changed, have been changed, and will continue to be changed. It is not something new. The pandemic that we experienced in 2019 had its predecessor in 19018 and the latter also had one.
Throughout history there has always been a trigger that drives changes, in some regions it is faster to observe them, in others it takes a little longer, but in the end, it arrives.
For example, in the 1980s almost no one had a cell phone, even in some societies, those who did not have one made fun of those who used those devices. Today it is practically impossible to live without them.
The question is not whether or not the code can be changed, we must ask ourselves how long it will take humanity to make the change and what will be next.
I hope this helps.
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How did the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic increase the level of digitization and Internetization of economic processes, increase the scale of remote communication carried out between business entities and public institutions, increase the level of digitization of the economy?
For those who are interested in this issue, please read the issues, determinants, factors of growth in the scale of digitization and Internetization of the economy, which I have described in my articles. I am currently writing a monograph on this topic and invite researchers and scientists who consider this issue of interest to join me in scientific cooperation. I ask for your comments and suggestions on other determinants and factors of growth in the scale of digitization and Internetization of the economy, which have not been covered above. I also ask for your conclusions, results of reflections, considerations on the current and prospective effects of the progressive process of digitization and Internetization of the economy. Important questions that can inspire reflection on this issue are the following:
- To what extent can the increasing scale of digitization and Internetization of the economy go in the next few years, and what will be the consequences?
- What positive and negative effects can be distinguished from the continuation of the process of increasing the scale of digitization and Internetization of the economy in the coming years?
- How did the pandemic of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus (Covid-19) increase the level of digitization and Internetization of economic processes, increase the scale of remote communication carried out between business entities and public institutions, increase the level of digitization of the economy?
I invite everyone to join the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Warm regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
Stephen I. Ternyik
"Disturbed social growth process", yes, and will be more of the case, reversing back I can envisage.
Fatema
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In Mexico, as in other latitudes, the measures against COVID-19 have decreased and the governments and health entities of each country have applied their own criteria as a result of what they know and that their population tends to respond epidemiologically speaking. Do you think that the WHO should make the declaration that the pandemic has ended?
The coronavirus situation is still easing worldwide with a weekly 18% cases and 23% deaths drop, though Asia is experiencing a surge in infections, especially in Japan and South Korea, amid two new Omicron subvariants.
Thus it will be too early to say Pandemic is ended.
Worldwide COVID-19 cases decline by 18% | Al Bawaba
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What was the pandemic and post-pandemic impact of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic on globalisation processes?
Increase in the scale of international scientific cooperation on SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus research and analysis of Covid-19 disease development; use of analogous anti-pandemic security instruments; disrupted chains of international supply and supply logistics; analogous changes in trends in financial markets, including raw materials markets, other types of production factors and stock exchanges; increase in the scale of digitisation of remote communication and business processes; increase in the scale of digitisation of public offices and institutions; increase in the scale of e-commerce, e-banking, e-payments carried out via the Internet, e-logistics, remote working, e-learning, e-government, development of online and mobile banking; negative social and economic impacts; a decrease in demand for energy and other raw materials in 2020 and an increase in demand for raw materials from 2021 onwards; a decrease in economic activity in the service sectors affected by the lockdowns; the analogous use of soft monetary and fiscal policy instruments; the emergence of inflationary pressures; an increase in inflation; the emergence of opportunities to accelerate the processes of pro-climate transformation of the energy sector, but these opportunities have been used to varying degrees in different countries, resulting in different levels of energy and environmental security in different countries, etc. These are just some of the effects of the pandemic and post-pandemic impact of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus on globalisation processes. I am conducting research on this issue. I have described the results of my research and key aspects of this problematic in an article which, when published, I posted on my profile of this Research Gate portal:
If you are conducting research in this area, or have a research interest in this area, I invite you to join me in a research collaboration.
Encouraging joint discussion on this issue, I address the following question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
What was the pandemic and post-pandemic impact of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic on globalisation processes?
What do you think?
What is your opinion on the subject?
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
Global logistics is being reorganized by more resilient models of supply chain management. Increased online education programs offer the possibility to study with famous global institutions from home, with limited physical residency. Tourism and travel have seen a clear reduction, in global numbers. Information and communication technology are now used to think in alternative models of globalization, e.g. glocalization.
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The Dialectics of Modernity-
Recognizing Globalization
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Globalisation has made us more vulnerable. It creates a world without borders, and makes us painfully aware of the limitations of our present instruments, and of politics, to meet its challenges.
Anna Lindh
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Did the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic potentially increase opportunities to accelerate processes of pro-climate and pro-environmental transformation of the economy, but unfortunately these opportunities were not taken advantage of?
During the 1st wave of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic in March 2020, the stock markets crashed. Energy and industrial commodities fell sharply on the commodity exchanges. A stock market crash also occurred on the stock markets. The main factor in the panic on the capital markets was the declaration of a global coronavirus epidemic, or pandemic state, by the World Health Organisation on 8 March 2020. This new term 'pandemic' itself created fear and uncertainty in the context of financial markets and economic processes. During the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, there were also disruptions to international supply and supply logistics chains, government imposed quarantines and lockdowns imposed on selected sectors of the economy which increased the scale of the 2020 recession. As a result of these mainly interventionist actions by central institutions, a deep economic crisis emerged in 2020, the economy declined in many sectors of the economy, and economic process activity declined. The result of the decline in economic activity was a decrease in demand for raw materials, including energy raw materials. Due to the increase in remote working by employees of many companies from home, the use of cars, especially combustion cars, decreased. As a result, air quality and the state of the environment noticeably improved in 2020. In addition, opportunities have arisen to accelerate pro-climate transformation processes in the economy. Unfortunately, in many countries these opportunities have not been seized. For example, in the country where I operate during the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic (Covid-19), the government used printed money to provide financial public assistance to companies and enterprises operating in a wide variety of industries and sectors, not just those in lockdowns, on a historically record scale. Many companies and enterprises that were in good financial standing also benefited from these programmes of non-refundable financial subsidies, employee wage subsidies, tax relief, deferrals of contributions to the social security system and so on. The scale of the granted non-refundable public aid realised on the basis of printed money introduced extra-budgetarily by government funds created especially for this purpose was so large that inflation began to rise in Poland almost from the beginning of 2021. Citizens invested the extra, free money in shares and flats, which caused an increase in the prices of these assets. On the other hand, opportunities to accelerate the processes of pro-climate transformation of the economy were missed by the government. Subsidies for the development of renewable energy sources were not increased and were even reduced on some issues. Since April 2022, the government has reduced subsidies and worsened the economic conditions for the installation of photovoltaic panels by citizens on the roofs of their houses. There is a lack of subsidies for insulating the facades of buildings and single-family houses, installing photovoltaics, installing heat pumps and other renewable energy solutions. Poland has still not met the European Union guidelines for receiving EU subsidies to finance projects that could be implemented under the National Reconstruction Programme. As a result, the development of renewable and emission-free energy sources has slowed down instead of accelerating as it could have done during the pandemic. Unfortunately, still the process of pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the energy sector is progressing much slower than it could if the issue of green transformation of the economy was not ignored in the political and business spheres in Poland. The result of these omissions, neglect and ignorance is the current low level of energy independence and security in Poland in the context of the currently developing energy crisis. The result of this neglect is also the poor air quality in Poland. Poland has one of the worst air quality in the world. Poland is one of the 3 countries in Europe with the highest mortality rate caused by poor air quality polluted with various toxins resulting mainly from the dominant dirty energy industry based on burning fossil fuels. In addition, even more negative consequences of these omissions, negligence and ignorance appear in the future, when the process of global warming will significantly accelerate in the next decades and lead to a worsening of the climate crisis and to a climate catastrophe, which may already occur at the end of this 21st century.
The potential for accelerating the processes of pro-climate transformation of the economy that occurred during the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic was described in my publications, which I posted on my profile of this Research Gate portal after publication:
What does it look like in your country?
Did the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic potentially increase opportunities to accelerate processes of pro-climate and pro-environmental transformation of the economy, but unfortunately these opportunities were not used?
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Warm regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
В России очень похожая ситуация на ту, что Вы описали применительно к Польше. Улучшение состояния воздуха было временным и только в период локдауна. Интересно, как обстоят дела в Китае.
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This pandemic has led to a great lack of resources in terms of knowledge in various fields of rehabilitation. What should we prioritize from now on?
Dear Mr. Galllegos-Berrios!
You spotted a very important topic. I am certain LONG-COVID - cases are a top priority as LONG -COVID cases have not been scrutinized well in-depth overall until now:
1) Feldman, D.E., Boudrias, MH. & Mazer, B. Long COVID symptoms in a population-based sample of persons discharged home from hospital. Can J Public Health (2022). https://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-022-00695-9, Free access:
2) Rolin, S., Chakales, A. & Verduzco-Gutierrez, M. Rehabilitation Strategies for Cognitive and Neuropsychiatric Manifestations of COVID-19. Curr Phys Med Rehabil Rep 10, 182–187 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40141-022-00352-9, Free access:
3) Wolf, S., Zechmeister-Koss, I. & Erdös, J. Possible long COVID healthcare pathways: a scoping review. BMC Health Serv Res 22, 1076 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-022-08384-6, Open access:
I am worried about people at risk (for example with Cerebral Palsy disability) within warzones in Ukraine and Russia. New more deadly variants of COVID-19 might cause novel complications that remain hidden in regions where chaos enfolds...
Yours sincerely, Bulcsu Szekely
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Some longitudinal research may want to compare the changes of some psychological variables (e.g., anxiety, problematic social media use) before (T1) and after (T2) the outbreak of COVID-19. As some researchers have noted, however, due to the nature of this global pandemic, it is not possible to have a control group. Thus, it is possible that the results could, in part, reflect normative increases in variables with age.
So when we only have two waves of data (before and after the COVID-19), is there some solutions that may fix this issue?
Dear Qing Yang,
The key issue is what we consider to be the base, the starting point. In most of this kind of research on the development of an issue, the impact of some factor on the development of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic or the impact of the pandemic on the development of a specific observed, studied variable, it is comparing what was there before the pandemic (up to 2019) with how this something has developed during the pandemic (2020 and possibly 2021) and how it possibly changes, modifies, expires etc. as the significance and magnitude of the negative effects derived from the pandemic decreases (from 2021 or 2022 onwards). In most such comparative studies, the pre-pandemic state is taken as a baseline and then the changes that have occurred during the pandemic and up to the present are analysed. Sometimes changes in the level of the pandemic are taken into account, changes in the paradigm of the negative effects of the pandemic, when, for example, thanks to the developed vaccines for the coronavirus, the level of risk and the scale of the proportion of people seriously ill with Covid-19 is rapidly decreasing, and when in 2022 in many countries completely different problems have already become more of a priority (e.g. energy crisis, food crisis, economic recession, and more prospectively also the developing climate crisis) than the pandemic.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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