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Publications related to Paleontology (10,000)
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Plesiosaurians evolved four wing-like flippers that are morphologically very similar to each other and were most likely used in underwater flight. Plesiosaurians have been the subject of a long research history as well as a long history of misidentifications and misinterpretations, especially transposition of parts of or entire fore- and hind flipp...
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About this Research Topic The fish to tetrapod transition transformed the tetrapod body plan, eventually allowing tetrapods to move, eat, breathe, and reproduce on land. Reconstruction of soft tissues in early tetrapods and their relatives has the potential to solve controversies about the behavior and ecology of the earliest terrestrial vertebrat...
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Background A major challenge to understanding how biodiversity has changed over time comes from depauperons, which are long-lived lineages with presently low species diversity. The most famous of these are the coelacanths. This clade of lobe-finned fishes occupies a pivotal position on the vertebrate tree between other fishes and tetrapods. Yet onl...
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In this study, the Sarvak Formation in the Kuh-e Zana stratigraphic section has been investigated in terms of Cenomanian biostratigraphy, microfacies analysis, and depositional environment interpretation. The section is located in the Interior Fars zone in the Zagros Basin. The selected section of the Sarvak Formation consists of 211 m of limestone...
Article
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During the last century, Grotta Romanelli (Southern Italy) has been a reference site for the European Late Pleistocene stratigraphy, due to its geomorphological setting and archaeological and palaeontological content. The beginning of the sedimentation inside the cave was attributed to the Last Interglacial (MISs 5e) and the oldest unearthed eviden...
Article
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Journal: MorphoMuseuM - Turtles are one of the most impressive vertebrates. Much of the body is either hidden in a shell or can be drawn into it. Turtles impress with their individual longevity and their often peaceful disposition. Also, with their resilience, they have survived all extinction events since their emergence in the Late Triassic. Toda...
Article
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The paleontological site of Trlica near Pljevlja in Montenegro, contains aboundant and diverse fossil mammal remains. It is the earliest Pleistocene site throughout a considerable area of the central part of the Balkan Peninsula from the river Danube in the north to the Adriatic Sea in the south. In addition to field reports and reviews with faunal...
Article
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Visean deposits of exploration- production well 363 Yablunivs’ka contain predominantly carbonate and argillaceous rocks from the Prylutsʹkyy boundary (lower Visean). This study presents limestone microfacies and foraminiferal and calcareous algal associations of the paraxial zone in the Dnipro- Donets Depression. The foraminiferal association is re...
Conference Paper
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The theme of the conference highlights 'Proxy development for decoding past and modern environments. The ICMS aim to showcase disciplinary diversity in palaeontological and stratigraphical research field through themed and open sessions.
Article
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This paper deals with Geographic Information System (GIS) and paleontology of newly discovered fossil site (32 o 47' 26.4" N 72° 55' 35.7" E). GIS analyses are essential to study the fossil deposits for reconstructing the taphonomic history. The recent discovery of fossils from Dhok Bun Ameer Khatoon (DBAK), Chakwal district, Pakistan, provides an...
Article
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Fossil site Dhok Bun Ameer Khatoon (32 o 47' 26.4" N, 72° 55' 35.7" E) yielded a significant amount of mammalian assemblage including two families of even-toed fossil mammal (Giraffidae, and Bovidae) and one family of odd-toed (Rhinocerotidae) of the Late Miocene (Samiullah, 2011). This newly discovered site has well exposed Chinji and Nagri format...
Article
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Helwing (1666-1748)-forgotten pioneer of geology and palaeontology on Polish territory. Prz. Geol., 70: 547-556. A b s t r a c t. Georg Andreas Helwing (1666-1748) spent most of his adult life as a Lutheran pastor in his native town of Wêgorzewo (Angerburg), currently in NW Poland. He was well educated, studied at several universities, focusing on...
Article
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The middle Eocene Dongying sag in the Bohai Bay Basin of China has an estimated shale oil resource of approximately 1.1 billion t (8.06 billion bbl); flows of shale oil have been produced in the succession from tens of wells, where the daily production of a single well generally varies between 10 and 100 t (73.3-733 bbl). Therein, the mudrock succe...
Article
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Microfossils of the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation in South China provide an important window onto the rapid diversification of marine eukaryotes after the terminal Cryogenian global glaciation. They also offer key data in the biostratigraphic subdivision and correlation of the lower–middle Ediacaran System. Previously published Doushantuo microfos...
Chapter
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Wally's Beach, located on the floor of the St. Mary Reservoir in southern Alberta, remains one of the most productive, significant late Pleistocene sites in the province. Wind erosion continues to reveal remains of extinct megafauna, providing a significant resource for understanding regional biogeographic patterns and extinction. This paper briefl...
Article
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Dear LAJSBA readers, this editorial note has the intention to updateyou with the news from our journal. In this sense, we want to tell you that our editorial team has been renewedwith the incorporation of two Associate Editors, José I. Cuitiño(CONICET, Argentina) and Giorgio Basilici (UNICAMP, Brazil). We want to express deeply thanks to RenataNett...
Article
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The Coleoptera provides an excellent example of the value of fossils for understanding the evolutionary patterns of recent lineages. We reevaluate the morphology of the Early Perm-ian †Tshekardocoleidae to test alternative phylogenetic hypotheses relating to the Palaeozoic evolution of the order. We discuss prior interpretations and revise an earli...
Article
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In this paper, I will briefly discuss the elements of novelty and continuity between twentieth-century paleobiology and twenty-first-century paleontology. First, I will outline the heated debate over the disciplinary status of paleontology in the mid-twentieth century. Second, I will analyze the main theoretical issue behind this debate by consider...
Article
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In this paper, the history of paleontology in China from 1920 to 2020 is divided into three major stages, i.e., 1920–1949, 1949–1978, and 1979–2020. As one of the first scientific disciplines to have earned international fame in China, the development of Chinese paleontology benefitted from international collaborations and China’s rich resources. S...
Technical Report
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Book Review: Historia de la Vida a Mallorca - Apunts de Geologia i Paleontologia, del Doctor Bernat Morey Colomar (Edicions Documenta Balear, 2022, 237 pàgines) -un resum divulgatiu dels estudis científics dels darrers 200 anys sobre la història geològica de Mallorca.
Preprint
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Plants and their insect herbivores have been a dominant component of the terrestrial ecological landscape for the past 410 million years and feature intricate evolutionary patterns and co-dependencies. A complex systems perspective allows for both detailed resolution of these evolutionary relationships as well as comparison and synthesis across sys...
Article
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The Givetian Age witnessed the greatest expansion of stromatoporoid-coral reefs from low to higher latitudes of the Phanerozoic. Multi-proxy seawater surface temperature reconstruction suggests the establishment of a super-greenhouse climate as a major reason for reef expansion, yet many questions remain. This article presents the results of a rare...
Presentation
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Fossil remains of proboscidean Notiomastodon platensis and xenarthran Eremotherium laurillardi reported in the state of Norte de Santander, Colombia, along with the diverse geomorphological characteristics of the north Andes Mountain ranges, make the NE portion of Colombia a significant place to study the paleoecology of extinct megamammals. Gompho...
Article
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Juodkrantė˙ (the former East Prussian village of Schwarzort) and its surrounding area on the Curonian Spit are well known for nu¬merous archaeological amber artefacts from the Neolithic period and the Early Bronze Age. They were discovered during the dredg¬ing of the waterway in the Curonian Lagoon between 1862 and 1890 and above all by the industr...
Article
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Here we report on a recently discovered student script of a lecture on paleontology given by Ernst Haeckel. It dates to the summer semester of 1866, comprises 63 pages, and provides an overview of fossil invertebrate and mainly fossil vertebrate taxonomy and anatomy. It can be assumed that Russian student Nikolai Nikolajevitch Miklucho-Maclay (1846...
Article
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Dinosaurs are part of our history and investigating about them could provide a vivid picture of our planet in more than a million years ago. However, most of them are extinct but, investigation is possible to be conducted on their remains or fossils. Hopefully, plenty of dinosaur's fossils are preserved by nature and their images are collected by s...
Research
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This is a depiction of an Early Jurassic estuary habitat group in Sweden. The underwater scene depicts Hybodont sharks, and their egg cases (Palaeoxyris) attached to the inundated trunks of Neocalamites sp.Natural Science Illustration in support of paleontological research
Article
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The mining engineer Primitivo Hernández-Sampelayo was one of the most relevant figures in the study of the Spanish Paleozoic since Lucas Mallada’s time. After a few years working in mining companies, he entered the Geological and Mining Institute of Spain in 1914, where he worked until his retirement in 1950. The results of his studies are the larg...
Article
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Although the importance of the archaeological record for addressing questions of biodiversity is gaining ground, its relevance for describing past faunal communities is still under-exploited, particularly for the most under-documented areas and species. Among the most poorly documented taxa are reptiles and amphibians, which are rarely studied in d...
Article
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Las rocas se clasifican en tres tipos distintos según sus características: sedimentarias, metamórficas e ígneas. El paisaje geológico de Bogarra y sus alrededores está formado en su totalidad por rocas sedimentarias y es en este tipo de rocas donde podemos encontrar restos fósiles (aunque en rocas metamórficas de bajo grado también pueden aparecer)...
Article
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The lobe-finned fish, lungfish (Dipnoi, Sarcoptergii), have persisted for ~400 million years from the Devonian Period to present day. The evolution of their dermal skull and dentition is relatively well understood, but this is not the case for the central nervous system. While the brain has poor preservation potential and is not currently known in...
Article
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Este trabajo trata de la metodología y los resultados del inventario de Lugares de Interés Geológico (LIG) de La Rioja. Para realizar el inventario se establecieron unos contextos geológicos de relevancia regional para cada uno de los dominios geológicos prese tes en La Rioja (Cuenca Vasco - Cantábrica, Cuenca del Ebro y Cordillera Ibérica). El nue...
Article
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Quantitative methods are very widely used in many fields, including biology, geology, paleontology, paleogeography, geography, astronomy, genetics also business and marketing. Due to their wide use of methods, there is knowledge of both generic methods and ways of working with quantitative data. The result of quantitative analyses often serves as a...
Preprint
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The Commission for the Geological Map of Spain planned a monumental work in the 19th century, the Synopsis of the fossil species found in Spain, in which descriptions of the characteristic fossils of geological periods had to be combined with their illustrations in a paleontographic atlas. The objective was to constitute an auxiliary tool for those...
Article
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This paper analyzes the first systematic faunal record of the 1755 Lisbon tsunami in the Mediterranean. On the basis of sedimentological and paleontological features, the sedimentary record of a core collected in Gibraltar was divided into six sedimentary facies, with a paleoenvironmental evolution from a shallow marine paleoenviroment to an increa...
Article
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Evolvability is best addressed from a multi-level, macroevolutionary perspective through a comparative approach that tests for among-clade differences in phenotypic diversification in response to an opportunity, such as encountered after a mass extinction, entering a new adaptive zone, or entering a new geographic area. Analyzing the dynamics of cl...
Book
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Until very recently, the early Alpine Permian-Triassic tectono-sedimentary phases preserved in the Cantabrian Mountains have suffered from important stratigraphic mismatches and wrong tectonics interpretations. The lack of precise ages and misunderstanding of the stratigraphical units were the main causes behind these problems. In consequence, the...
Article
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Eotyrannus lengi Hutt et al., 2001 from the Lower Cretaceous Wessex Formation (part of the Wealden Supergroup) of the Isle of Wight, southern England, is described in detail, compared with other theropods, and evaluated in a new phylogenetic analysis. Eotyrannus is represented by a single individual that would have been c. 4.5 m long; it preserves...
Article
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In biomimetic design, functional systems, principles, and processes observed in nature are used for the development of innovative technical systems. The research on functional features is often carried out without giving importance to the generative mechanism behind them: evolution. To deeply understand and evaluate the meaning of functional morpho...
Book
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ÁVILA S.P., R.S. RAMALHO, C.M. DA SILVA, M.E. JOHNSON, A. UCHMAN, B. BERNING, R. QUARTAU, P. MADEIRA, C.S. MELO, A.C. REBELO, L. BAPTISTA, S. ARRUDA, E. GONZÁLEZ, M.W. RASSER, A. HIPÓLITO, R. CORDEIRO, R. MEIRELES, V. RAPOSO, J. POMBO, R. CÂMARA, M.X. KIRBY, J. TITSCHACK, J.M. HABERMANN, R. VULLO, A. KROH, J.H. LIPPS, M. CACHÃO & J. MADEIRA, 2022....
Article
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Resumo: Além das pesquisas e aulas que ministrava em anatomia comparada, fisiologia, história natural e paleontologia, Thomas Henry Huxley (1825-1895) dedicou muito do seu tempo a dar palestras públicas. Estas, foram publicadas posteriormente como ensaios, contribuindo assim, para a difusão de suas ideias. Este artigo consiste em uma tradução de um...
Preprint
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Background Brachiopods and molluscs are lophotrochozoans with hard external shells which are often believed to have evolved convergently. While palaeontological data indicates that both groups are descended from biomineralising Cambrian ancestors, the closest relatives of brachiopods – phoronids and bryozoans – are mineralised to a much lower exten...
Article
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African wild pigs have a contentious evolutionary and biogeographic history. Until recently, desert warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus) and common warthog (P. africanus) were considered a single species. Molecular evidence surprisingly suggested they diverged at least 4.4 million years ago, and possibly outside of Africa. We sequenced the first whol...
Presentation
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Large-scale analysis of biodiversity under an applied paleontological perspective historically has been hampered by lack of access to the vast amount of raw data acquired during centuries of biodiversity research. Due to different kinds of information-such as taxonomical records, paleogeographical and stratigraphical occurrences and paleoecological...
Article
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The phylogenomic approach has largely resolved metazoan phylogeny and improved our knowledge of animal evolution based on morphology, paleontology, and embryology. Nevertheless, the placement of two major lophotrochozoan phyla, Entoprocta (Kamptozoa) and Ectoprocta (Bryozoa), remains highly controversial: Originally considered as a single group nam...
Book
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Updating Neanderthals: Understanding Behavioural Complexity in the Late Middle Palaeolithic provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive knowledge of Neanderthals who lived throughout the European and Asian continents. Focusing on the last phase of Neanderthal settlements and behaviours in Europe, the Levant and across Asian regions, the book syn...
Article
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The Testudo graeca (i.e., Greek Tortoise or Spur‐thighed Tortoise) origin in Western Europe is a subject of debate within the scientific community. The species is a part of the current Spanish biodiversity, with three isolated populations, located in the south‐eastern (Almeria and Murcia) and south‐western (Doñana National Park, Andalusia) areas of...
Article
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University-level pedagogy and public science communication both have the same broad goal: to facilitate the sharing of knowledge and understanding from a specialist or expert, to a non-specialist group. Recent research has emphasised the need for there to be a two-way transfer or dialogue of ideas between these fields, but collaboration thus far is...
Article
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African contributions on human palaeontology are sterile. They are still subject to the work of the Senegalese Egyptologist Cheikh Anta Diop (1923-1986). The latter marked by his intelligence, his personality and his strong erudition conceives this discipline as a weapon against Eurocentrism. For him, all the deductions presented by “Western” scho...
Article
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Deciphering the evolution of ecological interactions among the metabolic types during the early diversification of life on Earth is crucial for our understanding of the ancient biosphere. The stromatolites from the genus Conophyton cylindricus represent a datum for the Proterozoic (Meso to Neoproterozoic) on Earth. Their typical conical shape has b...
Article
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This paper provides an overview of wolf research in Russia at the beginning of the 21st century. Wolf research covered various directions, including population density estimation, management methods and minimization of human-wildlife conflicts, general and behavioral ecology, behavior, wolf population genetics and morphology, paleontology, dog dome...
Article
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The supergroup Amoebozoa unites a wide diversity of amoeboid organisms and encompasses enigmatic lineages that have been recalcitrant to modern phylogenetics. Deep divergences, taxonomic placement of some key taxa and character evolution in the group largely remain poorly elucidated or controversial. We surveyed available Amoebozoa genomes and tran...
Chapter
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Xiphosurids are marine chelicerates that have been subject to extensive biological and palaeontological scrutiny over the past two centuries. This research effort is fuelled by the unique anatomical and physiological characteristics of the group, a long fossil record with conserved morphology, and use as modern analogues for understanding extinct a...
Article
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The lower Eocene Willwood Formation of the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, USA, is an alluvial succession with a sand content varying around 25%. It has been studied intensively for palaeontology, palaeoenvironments and palaeoclimates, as well as sedimentological and stratigraphic analysis. Channel dynamics were studied at a relatively low resolution throu...
Article
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Introduction. The relevance of the research is accounted for by the search of new pedagogical technologies for the formation, preservation and reproduction of traditional cultural values in the socio-cultural space. The aim of the article is to analyse the educational potential of extracurricular activities in the English language involving the ele...
Poster
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Miocene strata of the Amazon sedimentary basins, especially those located west of the Purus paleo-arch, are marked by the presence of a widely diverse, flock-type ostracod fauna dominated by species of Cyprideis Jones, 1857, locally associated with other less diverse, but equally abundant podocopid genera. The implementation in the 1970s of the Car...
Article
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In this contribution we compile, still preliminarily, information on Santiago Pozzi (1849-1929), son of Antonio (1822-1898), who made immense contributions to natural and anthropological sciences as part of his work as a technician at the Argentinean National Museum and the Museo de La Plata, being a tireless assistant and companion in fieldwork ta...
Article
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Shirak Province in the Republic of Armenia is very rich in Paleolithic sites. Since the first discovery of Paleolithic artifacts in the 1930s, chance finds and field investigations by numerous scholars and archaeological expeditions have brought to light several new localities and findspots, among which the open-air site complex at Aghvorik is curr...
Article
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Desde mediados del siglo XIX, los paleon-tólogos buscan y encuentran restos fósiles de animales en la ciudad de Buenos Aires y sus inmediaciones. La ciudad nació ha-cia fines del siglo XVI ajustada a las pres-cripciones de la Corona española, contenidas en las Or-denanzas de la Población, que eran parte de las Leyes de Indias. Esas normas incluían,...
Article
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The Phanerozoic Eon has witnessed considerable changes in the climate system as well as abundant animals and plant life. Therefore, the evolution of the climate system in this Eon is worthy of extensive research. Only by studying climate changes in the past can we understand the driving mechanisms for climate changes in the future and make reliable...
Book
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Resúmenes Jornadas de Arqueología y Paleontología Urbanas
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Rescate Arqueológico realizado en una casa de San Telmo. Centro de Interpretación de Arqueología y Paleontología.
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In this contribution, we seek to make visible a set of fossils from the well-known fossiliferous locality of Monte Bolca, Verona, Italy. The set is part of the paleontological heritage that protects the Museum of Natural and Anthropological Sciences “Prof. Antonio Serrano” of Paraná, Entre Ríos. The materials were acquired from the Civic Museum of...
Article
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The word ''palaeontologie'' was coined in 1822 by the French anatomist and zoologist Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville (1777-1850), a former disciple of Georges Cuvier who had turned against his mentor and rejected catastrophism. Blainville's life and scientific career are briefly reviewed. The meaning and significance of the new word ''palaeontol...
Article
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Приведен обзор типовых экземпляров рыб и млекопитающих из палеонтологической коллекции Ставропольского государственного историко-культурного и природно-ландшафтного музея-заповед-ника им. Г.Н. Прозрителева и Г.К. Праве. Рыбы: синтипы Clupea stauropolitana Bogachev, 1933; лекто-тип и паралектотипы Mugil chadarini Bogachev, 1933; голотип Mugil minax...
Article
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Resumen "Caminando sobre gliptodontes y tigres dientes de sable" es un colectivo extensionista de la UNLP en actividad desde el 2009, que entre sus objetivos incluye la producción de recursos educativos accesibles en temáticas paleontológicas, conjugando saberes de la ciencia y el arte. Compartimos nuestra propuesta para el abordaje de uno de los p...
Preprint
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La paleontología es una disciplina de las ciencias donde converge el discurso de diferentes aspectos relacionados con las formas de vida en cuanto al tiempo pasado y las implicaciones que trae el hallazgo de fósiles en unidades geológicas, lo cual, permite reconstruir la historia de la vida en la tierra. Colombia, es un país que no se queda atrás e...
Conference Paper
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The region of the Negotin Krajina (eastern Serbia) represents an area that was flooded by the Paratethys waters during the Neogene, respectively, it belonged to the southeastern edge of the Dacian basin. Numerous sediment deposition remains are present in this area, which indicate events during the Miocene and Pliocene with numerous localities of t...
Chapter
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The Swedish Museum of Natural History (Naturhistoriska riksmuseet: NRM), under the authority of the Swedish Ministry of Culture, is the largest museum in Sweden in terms of research and collections. Although officially founded in 1819 by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, some collections held at the museum date back to donations received by th...
Chapter
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The Palaeobotany Department of the Swedish Museum of Natural History was established in the late 1800s and has supported research on a diverse range of plants of all ages. The Department hosts, manages, and regularly contributes additional material to, one of the largest fossil plant collections in Europe. The fossil collections have provided the b...