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Article
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NKG2D is a major natural killer (NK) cell-activating receptor that recognizes eight ligands (NKG2DLs), including MICA, and whose engagement triggers NK cell effector functions. As NKG2DLs are upregulated on tumor cells but tumors can subvert the NKG2D-NKG2DL axis, NKG2DLs constitute attractive targets for antibody (Ab)-based immuno-oncology therapi...
Chapter
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It is Tuesday afternoon and Ms. Tilson is busily preparing her notes. She will be giving directions on having her students construct a model of what happens to squirrels when there is a change in the environment. Reflecting on the last few weeks of lessons in the Squirrels Unit, Ms. Tilson is excited to see how her students—many of whom struggle wi...
Article
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The aim of this multiple-case study was to research the key characteristics of project-based learning (PBL) and how teachers implement them within the context of science education. K-12 science teachers and their students’ videos, learning diaries and online questionnaire answers about their biology related PBL units, within the theme nature and en...
Article
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This paper presents the pbl_met, an open-source library for processing meteorological data collected in the planetary boundary layer (PBL) using conventional and modern sensors (examples of the latter include three-axial ultrasonic anemometers, SODAR/RASS, and wind-sensing LIDARs). The routines present in the pbl_met encompass the estimation of met...
Article
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Multi-User Virtual Environments (MUVEs) provide a rich and immersive context for introducing inquiry-based and Problem-Based Learning (PBL) into science classrooms. MUVES can have a significant effect on learning outcomes, however, illuminating how particular design features interact with those outcomes is an important area of investigation for the...
Article
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The article describes a student capstone design project completed by a team of five students and implemented by a resort and casino in Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA). This project was completed within the framework of project-based learning (PBL). Students had the opportunity to apply the knowledge that they learned in the classroom in a real-wor...
Article
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Strengthening the foundation of the foreign language would be more beneficial to the students to be used as the medium of instruction in certain situations. Learning a foreign language needs a different kind of language acquisition, including listening skills. Language could be a barrier to communication, whether verbal or written, when information...
Article
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Additive manufacturing (AM) is projected to require 60,000 jobs in the UK by 2025, but there are a series of barriers to the industrial application. One of the most problematic is non-comprehensive knowledge in design for AM (DfAM). This study aims to test the effect of two undergraduate DfAM teaching approaches. A visual and audial approach (desig...
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In January 2016, a measurement campaign was carried out by the China Meteorological Administration, the Beijing Research Institute of Telemetry, and the Physics Department of the University of Naples “Federico II” in the Yulong Naxi Autonomous County (China) at 3200 m above sea level to evaluate the air quality in the high mountains with the lidar...
Article
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Online education became more prevalent during the COVID-19 pandemic in many countries around the world, including the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. This study aims at assessing the impacts on learning and skills of two student-centered instructional strategies (problem-based learning (PBL) and just-in-time teaching (JiTT)) used online a...
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Objectives: Students would like to see more creativity and flexibility in the performance of problem-based learning (PBL). Therefore, we applied flipped classroom formats in a course of the Bachelor European Public Health at Maastricht University to investigate the experiences of the students. The main objective was to stimulate interaction between...
Article
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The Etesian winds constitute an important climatological phenomenon, which does not only moderate the heat during the summer in the Aegean Sea, but provide a source of clean renewable energy as well. Even though several papers have attempted to explain their dynamical and the physical characteristics, the respective processes that drive the diurnal...
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Using multi-layer pressure fluctuations and other conventional turbulence observational data over a nearly flat and homogeneous dune underlying surface, the temporal and spatial characteristics of pressure flux and its profile were analyzed to illustrate the physical mechanism of pressure flux convergence/divergence and the impact of pressure trans...
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Plasmablastic myeloma (PBM) is a blastic morphologic variant of plasma cell myeloma with less favorable prognosis than those with non-blastic morphology. PBM is rare, without clear-cut definition and detailed clinicopathologic features in the literature. PBM may mimic plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) as they share nearly identical morphology and immuno...
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Mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) are the main source of precipitation in the tropics and parts of the mid‐latitudes and are responsible for high‐impact weather worldwide. Studies showed that deficiencies in simulating mid‐latitude MCSs in state‐of‐the‐art climate models can be alleviated by kilometer‐scale models. However, whether these models c...
Conference Paper
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The philosophy of multidisciplinary education and research is implemented by practising a scientifically designed curriculum incorporating 25 to 40% credits for multidisciplinary projects and research-based students' projects in a hierarchical manner such as micro, macro, minor, major, mega, and meta in an undergraduate programme of four years dura...
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P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated efflux of corticosteroids (CS) may contribute to treatment unresponsiveness in Lupus Nephritis (LN) patients. Tacrolimus is a P-gp inhibitor and hence, may overcome this resistance. We aimed to study the response to tacrolimus, along with the expression and function of P-gp on peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) in pat...
Article
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Project-based learning (PBL) involves real-life-based use of investigative, interactive and creative tasks that extend beyond the classroom and culminate in authentic products. PBL can be used as a means to promote tertiary-level EFL learning, yet there is little research on the issue in Turkish higher education contexts. This study develops a PBL...
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Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted the traditional delivery of medical education. Medical education programmes have had to cope with limitations on face-to-face learning, and accelerate the adoption of digital learning. In addition, the pandemic has potential serious implications on the psychological well-being of medical...
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Black (EBC) and Brown (BrC) Carbon are ubiquitous constituents of atmospheric particulate matter that affect people's health, disrupt ecosystems, and modulate local and global climate. Tracking the local deposition and sources of these aerosol particles is essential to better understanding their multidimensional environmental impact. The main goal...
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Primary breast lymphoma (PBL) is a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) with rapid progression and high risk of central nervous system metastasis. We have investigated 40 PBL patients retrospectively, and 16 of them were sequenced by a target panel of 112 genes related with lymphoma. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) identified 203 mutations...
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This research aimed to synthesize a review of the literature and theory to develop a flipped classroom (FC) learning model to enhance 1st-year bachelor's degree Thai student-teacher academic achievement (AA) and problem solving skills (PSS). The sample consisted of 90 student teachers enrolled in the Digital Media and Learning Innovation (DMLI) cou...
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Purpose The growing world population has increased the demand for food and energy production and made the need to develop innovative approaches to convert lignocellulosic biomass to food and bio-based products particularly pressing. Methods Here, an integrated system consisting of Pleurotus pulmonarius and Protaetia brevitarsis larvae (PBL) that m...
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Mineral dust contributes to more than half of the global aerosol loading. However, the radiative impacts of dust aerosols on planetary boundary layer (PBL) structure have not been explored sufficiently. During a typical dust storm event over Tarim Basin, dust aerosols exhibit a well-mixed distribution during the daytime in spite of a shallow layer...
Conference Paper
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At the beginning of the 21st century, the reconstruction, modernization of the education system in Azerbaijan and using active and interactive methods is considered a priority task. The development of the education system in Azerbaijan is characterized by the organization of activities in two directions. The first is to study, summarize and analyze...
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Teaching and learning in higher education have increasingly separated knowledge-making processes from individual and social becoming. The material turn reclaims the uncertainty related to knowing and gives attention to the intertwinement of learning, doing, and being. The purpose of this article is to use insights from pragmatist aesthetics and fem...
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This paper aims to investigate the effectiveness of Project-based learning in skills courses at the tertiary level. Project-based learning (PBL) is indispensable to meet the challenges of the 21 st century. With the shift from teacher-centered classrooms to learner-centered classrooms, PBL is effective in teaching skills courses. Over the years, it...
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Background To enhance tutors’ teaching skills, tutor shadowing for novice tutors of problem-based learning (PBL) in addition to conventional faculty development (FD) was applied. This study aimed to develop a tutoring-skill scale (TS-scale) and evaluate the effect of shadowing on PBL tutors. Methods This study employed a before-and-after study des...
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This paper describes and discusses the implementation of a project-based undergraduate course on applied electromagnetics in electronics engineering with a conceiving-designing-implementing-operating (CDIO) approach involving active project-based learning (PBL). The course, which requires a combination of mathematical and physics concepts for its c...
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Engineering and architecture education deals with a great challenge, to develop students’ spatial abilities. Although there is an innumerable list of three-dimensional CAD software that seems to overcome this need, the ability to mentally visualize their ideas allows providing solutions faster and in greater detail. At the same time, graphic subjec...
Technical Report
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Agile Learning Loops (ALL) are a practise developed for the Higher Education sector to facilitate project-based exploratory learning activities that focus on applying concepts rather than just facilitating the comprehension of concepts studied. [INNOVATIVE ASPECT] In order to employ a loop-style learning that is often accomplished in problem-based-...
Article
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Plasmablastic lymphoma is a rare subtype of large B-cell lymphoma characterised by an aggressive clinical course with frequent relapses and refractoriness to chemotherapy. It is usually associated with HIV, however, it can also be seen in immunocompetent patients. It has distinct pathological characteristics, such as plasmablastic morphology and la...
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The creation of educational audiovisual content has become a necessity in technical subjects in Audiovisual Communication degrees at University. Firstly, due to the definitive implementation of audiovisual technologies on educational platforms and, on the other hand, as a consequence of the pandemic. This article reflects on the use of said content...
Article
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In response to globalisation, and the cultural, socio-economic, and educational changes it implies, higher education must offer a comprehensive education that favours personal and professional growth. To do this, it must promote competence-based learning through active teaching methodologies. This study will analyse the use of Project-Based Learnin...
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In efforts to contain the COVID-19 pandemic, health colleges at Qatar University shifted their clinical training to virtual internships (VI) and project-based learning (PBL). The shift was new to students and faculty alike, and a major change that posed many challenges. This study aimed to explore the experience of changing to VIs during the pandem...
Chapter
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It goes without saying that the education provided must lead learners to develop knowledge and skills, which help them thrive in the fast-changing world (Yimwilai, 2020). Hence, as a learner-centered approach, project-based learning (PBL) is seen as an alternative for infusing 21st century skills and competencies into the English as a Foreign Langu...
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The PBL (Perfobond Leiste) shear connector has the advantages of high bearing capacity and strong constraint ability; however, the traditional PBL shear connector has strong and weak axis problems, and its stiffness is large, resulting in weak deformation ability. To this end, this paper proposes a new type of flange triple-web shear key and obtain...
Article
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Today’s skill development can support modern technologies to understand in a simple manner. The teaching methods with problem-based learning (PBL) have improved exploration of collaborative inquiry. The deep understanding of concepts is possible with computer network technology through critical analysis. The reasoning, decision, and defending conce...
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Accurate depiction of meteorological conditions, especially within the planetary boundary layer (PBL), is essential for fog forecasting. This study examines the sensitivity of the performance of the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model to the use of four different PBL schemes [Yonsei University (YSU), asymmetric convective model, version 2 (AC...
Article
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Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is innovative teaching approved nowadays. Chinese medicine is a difficult subject to translate and explain in a foreign language, such as English. Can PBL incorporate with Chinese medicine and learn in the correct direction of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)? However, there are still some considerations and investiga...
Conference Paper
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The use of active methodologies, case studies and problem-based learning (PBL) can play a major role in critical pedagogy. This includes the use of system dynamics, which is a modelling approach based on variations of stocks and flows, and feedback loops. System dynamics can be applied in several areas, such as in energy and environmental education...
Article
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The applicability of the planetary boundary layer (PBL) scheme in the WRF model varies in different regions due to the influences of topography, underlying surface, and atmospheric background. As a secondary circulation, when a sea-land breeze (SLB) process is simulated, the numerical result is very sensitive to the choice of the WRF PBL scheme. In...
Article
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Sodium chloride and potassium chloride are two metal halides easily distinguishable by chemistry students. Nevertheless, it has been shown that the confusion between sodium chloride and potassium chloride is the underlaying cause of serious medical mistakes that may potentially culminate with the death of the patient. In the present literature revi...
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The scoping review represents an important step toward constructing scientific knowledge on a topic in a sustained and integrated manner. Therefore, this article contemplates a scoping review of the resource on project-based learning (PBL) in learning math concepts. This research resulted in 17 studies that were reviewed to establish connections be...
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Artificial intelligence is penetrating various fields. The demand for interdisciplinary talent is increasingly important, while interdisciplinary educational activities for high school students are lagging behind. Project-based learning (PBL) in artificial intelligence (AI) and robotic education activities supported by a robotic sailboat platform,...
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This article aimed to analyze and synthesize the literature related to teaching and learning using the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) incorporated with Problem-based Learning (PBL). The authors reviewed, analyzed and synthesized the literature related to STEM and PBL and then synthesized both into the PBL-STEM teaching step...
Conference Paper
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This article shed light on project-based learning and critical thinking by providing evidence that was framed around the question of whether or not critical thinking can be taught through PBL. The aim of this study is to bridge the gap between project-based learning and critical thinking by defining the relationship between the two. For students to...
Conference Paper
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Too often, research into postsecondary workforce and engineering education focuses solely on curricula and ignores student matriculation to high-skill high-wage careers. The purpose of this study is to investigate this subject through dual ethnographies in Project-Based Learning (PBL) Career and Technical Education (CTE) workforce pathways in Silic...
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Abstrak Tujuan penelitian ini adalah meningkatkan keaktifan belajar siswa melalui model pembelajaran Problem Based Learning (PBL) dan Team Games Tournament (TGT). Jenis penelitian ini adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK) dengan dua siklus. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa SMPIT Insan Permata Bojonegoro Kelas VII yang berjumlah 38 siswa. Metode...
Article
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Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is an uncommon but aggressive subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) that is mostly seen in HIV positive patients. This case report details an HIV-positive patient with two unusual sites of PBL manifestation, the pleural space and the rectum. The patient was initiated on treatment but subsequently developed co...
Article
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Background: Adapting a tutor role in a hybrid problem-based learning (h-PBL) model is a challenge to novices. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the factors associated with the academicians' knowledge and attitude toward the h-PBL curriculum. Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from August 1st to 30th, 2021. A Si...
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RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi fornecer uma visão sobre o uso da Aprendizagem Baseada em Projetos (PBL) como um meio para desenvolver habilidades e integrar conhecimentos que poderiam atender aos estudantes e à necessidade de adaptações do Projeto Pedagógico dos cursos de Engenharia. Investigou-se a abordagem específica da metodologia de projet...
Conference Paper
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This text is part of a larger study developed as part of the Final Internship Report for obtaining the master’s degree in Teaching of the 1st Cycle of Basic Education and of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of the 2nd Cycle of Basic Education. The theme is Problem-Based Learning (PBL), characterized as an innovative teaching and learning methodolog...
Article
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Background: Retention of basic biomedical sciences knowledge is of great importance in medical practice. This study aimed to provide some insights into medical interns' ability to recall theoretical knowledge of medical microbiology and to explore factors that affect its retention. Methods: In this cross-sectional study conducted between January...
Article
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Soil moisture (SM) influences the initiation and development of convective systems and consequently the generation and development of precipitation through land–air interaction. Understanding and identifying the underlying mechanism responsible for this influence are of critical significance for improving forecasting of convection. This study summa...
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Disease overview: Epstein Barr virus-positive (EBV+) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), not otherwise specified (NOS) is an entity included in the WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms since 2016. EBV+ DLBCL, NOS, is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma associated with EBV infection, and a poor prognosis with standard chemotherapeutic approaches....
Article
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The role and responsibilities of our creative Higher Education are evolving in our ever-changing society. Systemic design thinking equips our design students with the means to promote sustainable development objectives via engagement, community building and discourse. This study reflects on interdisciplinary resource recovery projects for the City...
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We developed the way to use pyrite bio-leachate (PBL), the wastewater of bioleaching of refractory gold ore in agriculture. PBL contains high amount of iron and at certain concentration, iron has toxicity on microorganisms. Therefore PBL can be used for rice seed sterilization. Method 1 is soaking rice seeds in 100%, 10%, and 2% PBL for 1, 2, 3, an...
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Objective To evaluate changes in the learning attitudes of primary care physicians. Design Qualitative study through one focus group interview with the programme’s participants. Analysis of the focus group content using the Steps for Coding and Theorization method. Setting Japan. Participants Eight primary care physicians who completed a 2-year...
Article
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Objective To study the effect of the problem-based learning (PBL) method in ultrasonography (US) resident standardization training during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods Fifty residents were divided into two groups to participate in a 30-day US training program. The residents in the observation group underwent PBL combined with the lecture-based le...
Article
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The prevalence of distress among medical students continues to rise. Studies have shown that stressrelated to examinations – test anxiety (TA) – is the most frequently reported source of distress. Research on the relationship between TA and assessment modalities is thus critical for determining the potential ramifications of this problem. This stud...
Article
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Pelaksanaan Praktik Belajar Lapangan (PBL) III merupakan kegiatan yang saling berkaitan dari pelaksanan Praktik Belajar Lapangan (PBL) I dan II yang telah dilakukan sebelumnya. Praktik Belajar Lapangan (PBL) ini dilaksanakan dalam pendidikan kesehatan masyarakat dengan tujuan untuk memberikan kemampuan akademik serta melatih para mahasiswa untuk ma...
Article
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Praktik Belajar Lapangan (PBL) adalah suatu mata kuliah wajib pada Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat dan merupakan proses belajar langsung bagaimana mempraktikan ilmu yang telah dipelajari mengenai promotif dan preventif kesehatan di masyarakat. Mahasiswa harus mampu menguasai pengetahuan dan keterampilan mengenai berbagai cara menangani masalah keseha...
Article
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At present, with the rapid increase of emergency knowledge and the improvement of people’s requirements for medical quality, the traditional teaching mode cannot fully meet the needs of emergency teaching in the new era. This paper is aimed at improving the clinical emergency teaching mode by problem based learning (PBL) teaching method and improvi...