Science topic

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Science topic

Treatments may be performed on the craniomaxillofacial complex including the mouth, jaws, neck, face, skull.
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Publications related to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (916)
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Article
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Structured summary Rationale: Nasal high-flow (NHF), a new method for respiratory management during procedural sedation, has greater advantages than conventional nasal therapy with oxygen. However, its clinical relevance for patients undergoing oral maxillofacial surgery and/or dental treatment remains uncertain and controversial, due to a paucity...
Article
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Background Transcriptome analysis has been known as a functional tool for cancer research recently. Mounting evidence indicated that calcium signaling plays several key roles in cancer progression. Despite numerous studies examining calcium signaling in cancer, calcium signaling studies in ameloblastoma are limited. Results In the present study, c...
Article
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The aim of this bibliometric research was to identify and analyze the top 100 cited systematic reviews in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery in order to guide any professional level with interest in this topic and to map the current trends the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Using the Web of Science database without restrictions o...
Article
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Background. Recurrent aphthous ulcer is a common mucosal disease and encompasses diverse interventions for its management of symptoms like pain and discomfort. Since new therapies keep evolving with better outcomes as compared to traditional interventions, one such therapy using hyaluronic acid has been recently explored using clinical studies base...
Article
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Objectives Therapy outcome measures (TOMs) in temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) have not been systematically evaluated. We systematically explored the main TOM assessment methods for TMD TOMs used in previous studies. Design Scoping review. Data sources According to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis extension for...
Article
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Der Erste Weltkrieg förderte bis dahin unbekannte Verletzungsmuster zutage. Zurück blieb eine Vielzahl von Patienten mit spezifischem Behandlungsbedarf. Als Konsequenz entwickelten sich in der Folgezeit einige medizinische Spezialdisziplinen: etwa die Mund-, Kiefer-und Gesichtschirurgie, die versuchte, den vielen Gesichtsversehrten-manchmal auch au...
Article
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Introduction: Opioid analgesics are often used to treat moderate-to-severe acute non-cancer pain; however, there is little high-quality evidence to guide clinician prescribing. An essential element to developing evidence-based guidelines is a better understanding of pain management and pain control among individuals experiencing acute pain for var...
Article
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Facial artery pseudoaneurysms are exceedingly rare events that can occur as a complication of oral maxillofacial surgery or facial trauma. The management of such pseudoaneurysms following buccal mucosa graft harvest for urinary reconstructive indications has not previously been described. Here, we describe a facial artery pseudoaneurysm that presen...
Article
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Abstract A novel Coronavirus (covid-19), distinguished in Wuhan City at the end of December 2019, is producing a rapidly progressing health crisis in the world due to this number of patients are increasing and treating them is becoming a dilemma. Asymptomatic patient, COVID 19 can pose a problem and risk for both health care worker and other pa...
Article
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Objectives We aimed to evaluate the patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) of dental implant surgeries and analyse the associated indicators. Design A cross-sectional study design was used. Setting Department of Oral Implantology, Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University (May 2020–April 2021). Participants Participants with missing teeth in...
Conference Paper
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The relationship of the maxillary teeth to the maxillary air-sinus was investigated in thirteen cadaveric specimens. It was found that the roots of the maxillary second molar were closest to the lining of the sinus in most cases and incisors were always remote. The implications of the intimate teeth-sinus relationship in Dentistry and Oral Maxillof...
Article
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Study Design Autotransplantation, if possible, is a viable option for replacing a missing tooth when a donor tooth is available. The most typical tooth transplant is the transfer of a third molar to a first molar site. No immune reaction results from transplants of this nature. It restores the proprioceptive function and normal periodontal healing;...
Article
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Objectives To determine whether the midface of patients with Muenke syndrome, Saethre-Chotzen syndrome, or TCF12-related craniosynostosis is hypoplastic compared to skeletal facial proportions of a Dutch control group. Material and methods We included seventy-four patients (43 patients with Muenke syndrome, 22 patients with Saethre-Chotzen syndrom...
Article
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Mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) is a surgical procedure that can successfully treat the micrognathia in neonates with Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS), avoiding glosoptossis and airway obstruction. While virtual surgical planning (VSP) and three-dimensional (3D) printing is a common technique in Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, it has not been wi...
Article
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Objective The application of case-based learning (CBL) pedagogy has been emerging as an improved and more practical learning method across the Chinese dental education system. This article provides a critical overview of CBL pedagogy and further assesses the effectiveness of this teaching model in Chinese dental education. Design A systematic revi...
Conference Paper
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Background: The base of the skull, particularly the pterygomaxillary region, has a sophisticated topography, the morphometry of which interests pathologists, maxillofacial and plastic surgeons. The aim of the study was to conduct pterygomaxillary morphometrics and test relevant hypotheses on sexual and laterality-based dimorphism, and causality rel...
Article
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Introduction Gingival recession is one of the most common mucogingival deformities requiring surgical correction. The American Academy of Periodontology Regeneration Workshop recommended connective tissue graft (CTG) combined with coronally advanced flap (CAF) for the treatment of Miller Class I and II single-tooth gingival recession. The disadvant...
Article
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Objectives Affected by COVID-19 pandemic, The Department of Paediatric Dentistry of School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University was closed in late January 2020, and resumed on 20 April. Our study aimed to explore the effects of COVID-19 pandemic on paediatric dental services which might assist global paediatric dentists to build confidence...
Article
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Introduction Flow couplers for venous anastomosis enables invasive monitoring of free flaps during the postoperative period, with a continuous venous signal audible immediately after completion of the anastomosis. It has been reported to be reliable, sensitive and specific as an anastomotic flap monitoring adjunct.¹ The purpose of this study is to...
Article
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Utmost recurrent surgical process executed in oral & maxillofacial surgery is transalveolar extraction (TAE) of mandibular impacted 3rd molar which consequences to surgical trauma to surrounding soft & hard tissues during the process of tooth removal. Post-operative sequalae like pain, facial swelling & sometimes trismus follow TAE. Dexamethasone i...
Article
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The novel-coronavirus (2019-nCOV) emerged in Wuhan City in December 2019, this resulted in a quick and catastrophic health problem all over the world but our country is slightly less affected by the pandemic. There could be a number of reasons for less numbers of Covid positive cases and lack of awareness and reduced Covid testing capacity and henc...
Article
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Background: In forensic Odontology, the term ameloglyphics refers to the study of enamel rod end patterns. These enamel rod end patterns are specific and are different for each individual. Enamel is the hardest tissue and it is resistant to several environmental factors like fire, acid exposure and microbial decomposition. Aims: This study was done...
Article
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The objective of current study was to assess the patterns, causes and types of mandible condylar fractures and the relationship between mandible condylar fractures with associated mandible fractures. This prospective study was performed at Oral & Maxillofacial surgery department LUMHS Jamshoro /Hyderabad. History, clinical examination and radiograp...
Article
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Introduction: The most common dento-alveolar procedure is surgical removal of an impacted third molar, which is associated with post-operative pain, swelling, and trismus. Objective: To determine the effect of submucosal dexamethasone injection on the post-operative outcomes in third molar surgeries. Materials and Methods: It was a descriptive stud...
Chapter
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La cirugía menor en el área maxilofacial es conceptualizada desde hace tempo como: Aquellos procedimientos quirúrgicos sencillos, de corta duración, en regiones superficiales de la cara y el cuello que involucra la cavidad bucal y que se llevan a cabo en un período corto de tempo y se realizan con anestesia local y / o regional; que no supone un ri...
Article
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COVID-19 pandemic has deeply affected medical practice, and conducts o minimize the overload of healthcare services were necessary. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of the pandemic in the practice of surgical procedures in Brazil. This is a descriptive study with data about hospitalizations for surgical procedures in Brazil fro...
Article
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Introduction Ankyloglossia (tongue-tie) is an anomaly characterised by an abnormally short, thick or small lingual frenulum that restricts tongue movements. This condition is considered one of the factors that can interfere with breast feeding by diminishing the ability of the newborn to latch adequately. According to the Brazilian Health Ministry,...
Article
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Value-Based Healthcare has gained considerable attention in medicine but relatively little in oral health care so far. Implementation of Value-Based Oral Health Care (VBOHC) is complicated by a multitude of system-level and contextual factors, especially the siloed innovation culture in dentistry which has been evolving separate from the broader me...
Article
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Introduction Plaque control plays a critical role in the prevention and treatment of periodontitis. Antibacterial mouthwash is one of the most important tools for plaque control. Pudilan, including extracts of Scutellaria baicalensis root, Taraxacum mongolicum , Bunge corydalis herb and Isatis indigotica , was reported playing the role of anti-infl...
Article
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Background Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation is a common presentation to Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery. In most cases, the condylar head is displaced anterior to the articular eminence and can be relocated by closed reduction. Severe dislocation into the infratemporal fossa is uncommon. Long-standing dislocation is rare and makes closed redu...
Article
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Background: Trauma remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Australia. The objective of this South Australian study was to analyse epidemiological trends in facial fractures and assess the relationship between socioeconomic disadvantage and clinical outcomes. Part one of this paper includes methods and results; part two includes discus...
Article
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Background: Trauma remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Australia. The objective of this South Australian study was to analyse epidemiological trends in facial fractures and assess the relationship between socioeconomic disadvantage and clinical outcomes. Part one of this paper includes methods and results; part two includes discus...
Article
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El brote epidémico causado por el virus SARS-CoV-2 se encuentra plenamente activo en España. Alrededor del 10-15 % de los pacientes ingresados precisan cuidados en unidades de críticos, siendo intubados de forma prolongada y precisando la realización de traqueotomías. Se realiza un estudio observacional de las traqueotomías realizadas por nuestro S...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The base of the skull, particularly the pterygomaxillary region, has a sophisticated topography, the morphometry of which interests pathologists, maxillofacial and plastic surgeons. The aim of the study was to conduct pterygomaxillary morphometrics and test relevant hypotheses on sexual and laterality-based dimorphism, and causality rel...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The SARS-CoV-2 global pandemic has resulted in widespread changes to healthcare practices across the United States. The purpose of this study is to examine the incidence of COVID-19 patients in the oral-maxillofacial surgery setting in order to help guide perioperative protocols during the pandemic. Methods In this retrospective cohort stu...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To determine whether dental maturity (dental development) was delayed in patients with Muenke syndrome, Saethre-Chotzen syndrome, and TCF12-related craniosynostosis, compared with a Dutch control group without syndromes. Materials and methods: This study included 60 patients (38 patients with Muenke syndrome, 17 patients with Saethre...
Article
Full-text available
During the ongoing crisis that has been started in Syria since 2011, the medical education has been deeply affected. The oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) specialization is one of many other medical specialties that have underwent many restricted chains that disabled it from moving forward. Accordingly, and due to the lack of data related to th...
Chapter
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Evidence based periodontics has made us understand that most of the patients having various dental or medical treatment requirements require multidisciplinary approach rather than personalised periodontal approach. Periodontal disease may be evident in the periodontal tissue but its onset and progression could be affected by systemic condition also...
Article
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Introduction Noma is a significant yet neglected disease which affects some of the least developed countries in the world. The long-term benefit and safety of Noma surgical reconstructive missions have recently been under scrutiny due to a perceived lack of measurable outcomes and appropriate follow-up. This study analyses and reports on classifica...
Article
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Objective To systematically assess the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine as an anaesthesia adjuvant for cleft lip and palate (CLP) repair in children. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP) and Wanfa...
Article
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Objectives Access to full texts of randomised controlled clinical trials (RCTs) is often limited, so brief summaries of studies play a pivotal role. In 2008, a checklist was provided to ensure the transparency and completeness of abstracts. The aim of this investigation was to estimate adherence to the reporting guidelines of the Consolidated Stand...
Poster
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Crimes involving air guns have declined over the last 16 years, however, they still represent a significant occurrence with 3028 crimes involving air guns reported in 2019; which equates to just under one third of all firearm crime.1 An air gun is defined as any gun which uses compressed air to propel a projectile. These projectiles are usually Dia...
Article
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Objectives There is a lack of evidence about the use of local anaesthetics (LAs) in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in dental procedures. Thus, this study evaluated the safety of using LA with vasoconstrictor to determine the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with CVD. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods We hav...
Article
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Introduction Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are complex multifactorial disorders. Reversible treatment has been suggested for the initial management of TMD; however, comparable therapeutic effects of different reversible intervention modalities remain controversial. Various biopsychosocial factors, which may be putative prognostic factors that...
Article
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Background: Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) is a relatively common chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disorder. WHO considers OLP a premalignant lesion. This makes management of OLP important to avoid its malignant transformation. Corticosteroids are considered as the first-line of treatment. Different other treatment modalities are also in use for OLP. B...
Presentation
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Presentation discussing referral data for a 3 year period relating to primary care referrals to Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine and Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery in West Yorkshire.
Presentation
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Morphometry of Pterygomaxillary Landmarks in Reference to Oral Maxillofacial Surgery
Article
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Background: The clinical practice of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy has grown significantly in recent years in multiple medical specialties. However, comparisons of PRP studies across medical fields remain challenging because of inconsistent reporting of protocols and characterization of the PRP being administered. The purpose of this systemat...
Article
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SUMMARY: We refer a case of a canalicular adenoma of minor salivary gland, located at the submucosal region of the upper lip. The patient’s clinical state was thoroughly studied, along with the histopathological findings. Numerous histogenesis theories and the appropriate tumor treatment are mentioned, being always in accordance with the relative l...
Article
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With progressive globalization and rising competition, stress has become a serious issue affecting the physical and mental health of medical professionals. Dentistry and oral maxillofacial surgery are known to be highly demanding and stressful environments. With oral and maxillofacial surgery being a particularly high-stress specialty of dentistry,...
Article
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Yuan Zhang,1,2,* Xiaohang Chen,1,2,* Zilan Zhou,1,2 Yujia Hao,1,2 Huifei Li,1,2 Yongfeng Cheng,1,2 Xiuyun Ren,1,2 Xing Wang1,2 1Shanxi Medical University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Taiyuan, 030001, People’s Republic of China; 2Shanxi Province Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases Prevention and New Materials, Taiyuan, 030001, People’s Republic o...
Article
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El penfigoide de la membrana mucosa es una enfermedad autoinmune, que afecta a los diferentes estratos de la mucosa y la piel, y se caracteriza por lesiones vesiculo-ampollosas polimórficas. Presentando combinaciones variables de lesiones orales, oculares, cutáneas, genitales, nasofaríngeas, esofágicas y laríngeas. Su relación con las neoplasias ma...
Article
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Objective: We review our experience with odontogenic infections requiring hospitalization, to identify etiological factors, the most frequently affected anatomical spaces, prognostic signs, bacterial pathogens and adequacy of initial empiric antibiotic therapy, surgical interventions, and the influence of these variables on the length of hospitaliz...
Article
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Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the role of dexamethasone in mandibular third molar surgical extraction. Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted in Oral & Maxillofacial surgery department, Liaquat University of Medical & Health sciences Hyderabad / Jamshoro. 50 cases were included in this study by using simple...
Article
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Processed nerve allografts (PNA) have increasingly been used as alternative to autogenous nerve grafts to repair nerve injuries in oral-maxillofacial surgeries. This case report describes an immediate PNA reconstruction of infraorbital nerve injury sustained during the ablation of a large expansile polyostotic fibrous dysplasia centered in the left...
Article
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Antiresorptive or anti-angiogenic agents may induce medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ), which represents a challenge for clinicians. The aim of this study is to design and apply a composed and stage-approach therapy combining antibiotherapy, surgical treatment, and photo-biomodulation (PBM) for the prevention or treatment of MRONJ...