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Publications related to Oral Diseases (10,000)
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The use of artificial intelligence (AI) technology in dentistry provides information that aids clinical decision-making by interpreting big data quickly. This study aims to systematically review the current role of AI in dentistry where it has a significant impact on clinical dentistry. Document collection was done from 1990 to 2022 based on the ma...
Article
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Background The national oral epidemiological survey conducted every decade has become an indispensable means of detecting changes in oral disease patterns. This study was undertaken to investigate the oral health status and related factors in 12–15-year-old students in Gansu, China. Methods According to the methodology adopted by the Fourth Nation...
Article
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Background Sex dimorphism has been implicated in oral health differences and the pathogenesis of oral diseases, such as tooth agenesis, periodontal disease, dental caries, and tooth loss. Tooth agenesis (TA) is one of the most common developmental anomalies in humans, and its prevalence and patterns are different across ethnic groups. The aim of th...
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Several oral diseases are characterized by a shift within the oral microbiome towards a pathogenic, dysbiotic composition. Broad-spectrum antimicrobials are often part of patient care. However, because of the rising antibiotic resistance, alternatives are increasingly desirable. Alternatively, supplying beneficial species through probiotics is incr...
Article
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Oral health is an indicator of a patient’s overall health, wellbeing and quality of life. It is widely understood that poor oral health is linked with general health conditions, such as diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular disease. It is therefore important that good oral care is given to hospitalised patients to maintain good oral health and pr...
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Oral pathologies, such as primary or secondary glomerulars, congenital abnormalities, urinary infection, tubular diseases, are among the most common in children. In children, the progression of the disease can affect the growth of bones, resulting in fragile and anomalous bones, compromising their development. Despite this, it is perceived that the...
Article
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Objectives: In November 2022, the World Health Organization (WHO) launched the first Global Oral Health Status Report (GOHSR) that describes the status of oral health care in the 195 member states. In the present editorial, we summarize the key findings of the GOHSR report and discuss the successes and pitfalls of the suggested remedy strategies....
Article
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Periodontitis is a multifactorial and infective oral disease that leads to the destruction of periodontal tissues and tooth loss. Although the treatment of periodontitis has improved recently, the effective treatment of periodontitis and the periodontitis-affected periodontal tissues is still a challenge. Therefore, exploring new therapeutic strate...
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Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are lipid bound particles derived from their original cells, which play critical roles in intercellular communication through their cargoes, including protein, lipids, and nucleic acids. According to their biogenesis and release pathway, EVs can be divided into three categories: apoptotic vesicles (ApoVs), microvesicles...
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(1) Background: In developed countries, the prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) varies from 20% to 50% for reasons that could be associated with the apical periodontitis microbiota ecology. (2) Methods: We performed a clinical study in the Odontology department of Toulouse hospital in France, to sequence the 16S rRNA gene of AP microbiota and c...
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Wearable technology to augment traditional approaches are increasingly being added to the arsenals of treatment providers. Wearable technology generally refers to electronic systems, devices, or sensors that are usually worn on or are in close proximity to the human body. Wearables may be stand-alone or integrated into materials that are worn on th...
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Periodontitis is the most widespread oral disease and is closely related to the oral microbiota. The oral microbiota is adversely affected by some pharmacologic treatments. Systemic antibiotics are widely used for infectious diseases but can lead to gut dysbiosis, causing negative effects on the human body. Whether systemic antibiotic-induced gut d...
Preprint
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Aim: This study aimed to evaluate trends in the prevalence of dental caries in preschool children and associated factors considering different time variations. Methods: This is a time seriesstudy performed using data from three cross-sectional studies with pre-school children from southern Brazil in 2008, 2013 and 2019. Dental caries was evaluated...
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Purpose: Overtime work is associated with a risk of developing various diseases, including oral diseases. Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) is a more comprehensive assessment than those of individual diseases and can be affected by longer working hours. Methods: This cross-sectional study examined the association of overtime work duratio...
Preprint
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Background: Most oral diseases are caused by poor oral hygiene, and with adequate oral hygiene measures, they are easily preventable. The use of folk songs to deliver oral health promotion messages may likely hold a huge potential for success and an increased likelihood of acceptability and sustainability among school children. Therefore, an invest...
Article
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The global burden of oral disease is 3.5 billion according to WHO and the most common childhood disease is none other than tooth decay. Oral health refers to the health of the teeth, gums and the entire oral-facial system that allows us to smile, speak and chew and indicate health status. For the maintenance of oral health dantadhawana(brushing)...
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate a randomized control trial protocol to assess the effectiveness of an oral care protocol on chemotherapy- and/ or radiation therapy-induced oral complications in cancer patients. It was a randomized, outcome assessor blinded study. Patients were randomly allotted to a control and intervention group. Out of...
Article
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COVID 19 virus rearrange the priorities of the global society regarding oral health to systemic health. Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology (OHPE) is the connection of dentistry, medicine, and public health which increase the perspective and impact of global and community health practice and policy through education, research, and leadership. Denta...
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Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is one of the most common oral diseases in the community, with a prevalence of 5-66%, with one of the predisposing factors being Streptococcus sanguinis. Treatment for RAS has been symptomatic and supportive, including antiseptic mouthwash such as chlorhexidine gluconate 0.2% or topical corticosteroids (triamcino...
Preprint
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Background: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of the newly developed oral simulators with oral diseases and symptoms for nursing students’ oral assessment education to promote their collaboration with oral healthcare professionals after qualification. Methods: The participants were first-year students (n=105) at a nursing school in...
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Introduction Oral microbial homeostasis is a key factor affecting oral health, and saliva plays a significant role in maintaining oral microbial homeostasis. The submandibular gland (SMG) and sublingual gland (SLG) together produce the most saliva at rest. Organic ingredients, including antimicrobial proteins, are rich and distinctive and depend on...
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Data from the WHO show that the oral health situation for children in the Balkan region of Europe is poor. This study aims to identify obstacles that prevent the implementation of an effective oral health program for children in the Balkan area. The study investigates the challenges that people encounter in increasing awareness, attending to dental...
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Background COVID-19 has a significant impact on dental medicine. The present study aims to overview dental-related research on COVID-19 by visual mapping method. Methods We analyzed the publications in the “Dentistry Oral Surgery Medicine” category in the Web of Science core collection. On June 10, 2022, we conducted an advanced search using the i...
Presentation
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Most oral health conditions are largely preventable and can be treated in their early stages. Most cases are dental caries (tooth decay), periodontal diseases, tooth loss, and oral cancers. Other oral conditions of public health importance are orofacial clefts, noma (severe gangrenous disease starting in the mouth mostly affecting children), and or...
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Endodontic technical errors are the foremost cause of treatment failure. A thorough understanding of root canal configuration (RCC) is essential to prevent these iatrogenic errors. This study used CBCT images to determine the association between root canal configuration, endodontic technical errors, and periapical status. CBCT images of 101 patient...
Article
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Unlabelled: Oral health is an important, yet often neglected aspect of health and well-being. Among geriatric populations, oral diseases, poor oral health, and reduced oral hygiene behavior are major comorbid factors of geriatric diseases such as dementia, cardiovascular diseases, or mental health conditions. However, little is known so far about...
Article
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Introduction: Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory oral disease that destroys soft and hard periodontal support tissues. Multiple cell death modes including apoptosis, necroptosis, pyroptosis, and ferroptosis play a crucial role in the pathogenicity of inflammatory diseases. This study aimed to identify genes associated with ferroptosis, necropt...
Chapter
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The child population is the most affected by the presence of caries. A preventable disease, which causes pain and school absenteeism, generates a significant expense in its treatment. If left untreated, it causes early tooth loss and malocclusion. Altering the quality of life at an early age leaves sequels. Primary care is essential in the preventi...
Preprint
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Background Hormonal alterations and lowered immunity during pregnancy aggravated by poor oral hygiene increase the risk of pregnant women developing oral diseases. We conducted this study to examine the role of oral and prenatal health providers in promoting dental care for pregnant women attending primary healthcare centers (PHCs) in Saudi Arabia....
Article
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Background: The association between Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and oral symptoms has been reported in observational studies, but the causality of GERD to oral symptoms remained unknown. We aimed to assess the causal effect of GERD on five oral symptoms (mouth ulcers, toothache, loose teeth, bleeding gums, and periodontitis) using the tw...
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Objectives A 1-year prospective human intervention study was performed to examine the anticaries, anti-inflammatory, antiproteolytic, and antimicrobial effects of fermented lingonberry juice (FLJ), used as a mouthwash for a period of 6 months, followed by a 6-month washout period. Materials and Methods Twenty-five adults were recruited from private...
Preprint
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Background Hormonal alterations and lowered immunity during pregnancy aggravated by poor oral hygiene increase the risk of pregnant women of developing oral diseases. We conducted this study to examine the role of oral and prenatal health providers in promoting dental care for pregnant women attending primary healthcare centers (PHCs) in Saudi Arab...
Article
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Cleft lip and palate (CLP) is the most common congenital facial malformation and has a significant developmental, physical, and psychological impact on those with the deformity and their families. Risk factors contributing to CLP may conclude as genetic factors and environmental factors. The anatomical and morphological abnormalities related to CLP...
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The study targets to establish a factorial association of oral microbiome alterations (oral dysbiosis) with betel quid chewing habits through a comparison of the oral microbiome of Betel quid chewers and non-chewing individuals. Oral microbiome analysis of 22 adult individuals in the Delhi region of India through the 16S sequencing approach was car...
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Self-medication is a major public health issue because of the hazard it creates, such as therapeutic failures and the emergence of multi-resistant bacteria, but it is still poorly documented in our local context. Our goal was to determine the prevalence of self-medication due oral diseases when they visit the Odontostomatology unit of a secondary h...
Preprint
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Background The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the age of 12 years as the target age for global caries detection. Insufficient mineralization, pits, and grooves on the tooth surface can lead to accumulation of food residues, increasing the risk of caries in children's newly erupted teeth, within 2–4 years. Therefore, it is important to e...
Article
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Objective Saliva is the first biological fluid exposed to the smoke and other contents of the cigar, which can cause structural and functional changes in saliva. Salivary pH is an important biomarker for detecting oral diseases. Cigarette smoke contains many toxic gases, of which, carbon monoxide (CO), plays a deleterious role in causing systemic i...
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This communication represents Part III of our series of reports based on the applications of human saliva as a useful and conveniently collectable medium for the discovery, identification and monitoring of biomarkers, which are of some merit for the diagnosis of human diseases. Such biomarkers, or others reflecting the dysfunction of specific disea...
Article
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Nutrition is an essential component of oral health. Dietary intake of high-cariogenic foods rich in sugar could impair oral health. However, adequate nutritional knowledge determines dietary behaviour and consequently overall oral health practices. The study assessed the nutritional knowledge, dietary habits, and oral health practices of undergradu...
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Periodontal disease (PD) is an inflammatory oral disease and alveolar bone loss is the most important sign of PD. However, the effects of exercise on inflammatory factors and alveolar bone loss in individuals with PD have been little studied. This meta-analysis assesses the effect of physical exercise on alveolar bone loss (ABL) and the inflammator...
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Background: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), with the abilities of multidirectional differentiation and self-renewal, have been widely used in bone repair and regeneration of inflammation-stimulated oral diseases. Galangin is a flavonoid isolated from Alpinia officinarum, exerts anti-obesity, antitumor, and anti-inflammation pharmacolog...
Article
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Periodontitis is the most common chronic, inflammatory oral disease that affects more than half of the population in the United States. The disease leads to destruction of the tooth-supporting tissue called periodontium, which ultimately results in tooth loss if uncured. The interaction between the periodontal microbiota and the host immune cells r...
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The initial microprocess of a major cariogenic bacterium Streptococcus mutans forming biofilm at a single-cell level via sucrose-dependent adhesion has not been observed because the cells’ high moisture content caused measurement challenges. To develop a high-sensitivity biosensor chip and a real-time, label-free method to observe bioactive molecul...
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Background: Dysbiosis of oral microbiota is the cause of many diseases related to oral and general health. However, few Asia-based studies have evaluated the role of oral microbiota in patients receiving long-term care. Thus, new indications are needed for early prevention and risk management based on information derived from the oral microbiota....
Article
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Background Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive neuromuscular condition diagnosed in childhood. CP as a form of disability, does not cause any specific oral disease. However, some oral conditions are more commonly associated with people with CP compared to the general population. The overarching aim of the current study was to determine the ora...
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Dental caries is still the most prevalent oral disease of school-aged children on a global basis. The present study aims to assess the dental caries experience among schoolchildren in the Municipality of Tripoli center, Libya. A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed on 320 schoolchildren (132 girls, and 188 boys), aged between 6-14 years,...
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Nowadays, eating habits and lifestyles are moving towards a diet high in sugars and carbohydrates, which is extremely harmful to both oral integrity and systemic health. The aim of the study was to identify the variations between the bacterial plaque formed in carious lesions, infected root canals and prosthetic components, in comparison with comme...
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Objectives Since oral conditions negatively affect oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), this study evaluated which oral clinical condition, signs, and symptoms are associated with the impact on OHRQoL, its domains, and specific daily life activities among adults. Materials and methods Data from a probabilistic sample of adults (35–44 year...
Article
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Introduction: Dental and oral health is an essential element of a person's physical and mental health and well-being. Dental and oral health can describe physiological, psychological and social conditions, and play an important role in the quality of life. Dental and oral health education activities can increase a person's awareness to use dental a...
Article
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Background Policymakers in many low- and middle-income countries do not prioritize oral health and are inadequately informed about the burden of oral and maxillofacial problems, their connection with systemic health and the possible threat to human life. In Africa, the absence of oral health policies is a key problem contributing to increased oral...
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Tobacco cigarette smoking is a well-established risk factor for oral diseases, especially periodontal diseases. Over the past few years, electronic cigarettes (or "E-cigarettes") have gained popularity. There is some evidence that e-cigarettes may play a role in helping people quit smoking, and they are occasionally seen as a less dangerous alterna...
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Background: Puger fishermen are able to survive and develop (resilience) in carrying out their activities in the form of natural disturbances and various diseases, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Oral diseases are the lowest of the seven diseases recorded at the Puger Health Center. This disease can make patients exposed to COVID-19 worse,...
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Chronic cheilitis (CC) is a spectrum of inflammatory changes of unknown etiology that affect the vermilion of the lips. This study aimed to describe the epidemiology, clinical presentations and risk factors of CC. Patients with CC were recruited from the National Clinical Research Center for Oral Disease of China. A convenience sample of inhabitant...
Article
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Oral diseases pose a major health burden, especially in children, causing pain, discomfort, disfigurement and also affecting the quality of life. Most of the oral diseases are preventable by early diagnosis, thereby achieving standard oral and dental healthcare in children. The paediatricians due to the unique position, they occupy in child care, a...
Article
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Dental fluorosis is an irreversible defect in dental enamel caused by long-term undesired fluoride intake during tooth formation. The clinical manifestations may range from white spots to dark brown areas, which can initially represent only an aesthetic problem, but they can also lead to functional problems—in severe cases, pitting and fractures ca...
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Background In recognition of the risk factors common between oral diseases and various chronic conditions and the intersection between oral health and some sustainable development goals, the current cross-sectional study was designed to quantify the burden of dental caries and identify factors associated with its occurrence in permanent teeth. Met...
Preprint
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Introduction Many studies have revealed the effect of medical history on dementia. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the history of disease and onset of dementia. Methods This was a multi-center, cross-sectional study, with 2595 older people enrolled. The onset of dementia was evaluated with Revised Hasegawa Dementia Sc...
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Background Oral diseases are one of the major public health problems worldwide and affect the population of all age groups. This qualitative study aimed to explore the perceptions and practices of caregivers at care centres and boarding religious schools responsible for managing children’s oral health. Methods A qualitative ethnomethodological app...
Article
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There is a global increase in the older population. Unfortunately, dental conditions in the older population can sometimes be poor as a result of worsened physical conditions and the cumulative damage caused by dental diseases in the past. Many suffer from oral diseases such as dental caries and periodontal disease but receive no regular dental car...
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INTRODUCTION Most practitioners, including beginners in pathology and research, are familiar with Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and its applications. Immunohistochemical markers are the various antibodies that are employed in IHC and the constant upgrading in the field of IHC has led to the surge of IHC Introduction: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) has not...
Preprint
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COVID 19 virus rearrange the priorities of the global society regarding oral health to systemic health . Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology (OHPE) is the connection of dentistry, medicine, and public health which increase the perspective and impact of global and community health practice and policy through education, research, and leadership. Dent...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aim The purpose of this study was to investigate the objective cut-off values of unstimulated (UFR) and stimulated salivary flow rates (SFR) in patients with xerostomia and to present optimal machine learning model with A Classification and Regression Tree (CART) for all ages. Methods A total of 829 patients with oral diseases were enrolled (591 f...
Preprint
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Background Engaging in anal sexual intercourse markedly increases the risk of developing HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM); oral sexual activities tend to uniquely introduce gut-derived microbes to salivary microbiota, which, combined with an individual’s positive HIV status, may greatly perturb oral microecology. However, till date, only a...
Article
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Handling dental and oral diseases require knowledge, techniques, and experts so that the disease can be handled properly. However, the lack of a team of experts and the lack of public knowledge about this disease, a system is needed that can prevent and overcome the symptoms of the disease. This study aims to apply forward chaining as a method to d...
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Objective To assess self-rated oral health (OH) satisfaction among recipients of the home and community-based services (HCBS) administered by the Administration on Aging. Methods This cross-sectional study is representative of the national population of the 2014 National Survey of Older Americans Act Participants (NSOAAP), and analyzed baseline OH...
Article
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Oral diseases developed because of poor oral hygiene are responsible for health burdens in many countries which may affect the person for a lifetime, lead to severe pain, and may cause death. Improper oral hygiene can also result in the development of oral cancer. As per the WHO facts sheet on ‘Oral health’, 3.5 billion population suffers from oral...
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Plaque biofilm is considered one of the etiological factors involved in the onset of caries and gingivitis, and is associated with the progression of periodontitis and peri-implant inflammation. There is no agreement in the literature on the effectiveness of the oscillating-rotating (OR) powered toothbrush (PTB) and high-frequency sonic (HFS) PTB i...
Article
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The World Health Organization Global Oral Health 2022 report estimated oral disease to be affecting around 3.5 billion people worldwide, where untreated dental caries represents 71% of this estimate. If left untreated, the inevitable pulpal sequalae occur. At our Pediatric dental department, many children attend with extensive carious teeth. This t...
Article
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Background: The role of diet and nutrition in the prevention of oral diseases has recently gained increasing attention. Understanding the influence of diet on oral microbiota is essential for developing meaningful prevention approaches to oral diseases, and the identification of typical and atypical responders may contribute to this. Methods: We...
Article
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Periodontitis is a chronic oral disease characterized by inflammation of the gingiva and/or destruction of the connective tissue and alveolar bone that support the teeth. Subgingival microorganisms that adhere to and grow in the periodontal pocket, along with excessive and aggressive immune response against these microorganisms, are considered to c...