Science topics: MedicineOptometry
Science topic

Optometry - Science topic

Explore the latest publications in Optometry, and find Optometry experts.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Optometry (4,422)
Sorted by most recent
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Objectives: A well-balanced curriculum is critical for ensuring that students graduate with the necessary skills. There is growing interest in evaluating the functional value of non-clinical courses compared to clinical courses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the views of optometry and vision science professionals on the utility...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Accurate evaluation of the cup-to-disc ratio is crucial for optometrists and may be influenced by their clinical experience. The study’s objective was to compare the thresholds for discriminating vertical cup-to-disc ratio (VCDR) between years 2, 3, and 4 clinical optometry trainees. Methods One hundred fundus photos with various VCDR size...
Article
Full-text available
Self-assessment of driving fitness is mandatory in the United Kingdom. A paucity of data on visual function among drivers exists. We report prevalence of elderly drivers below legal visual acuity (VA) standard from a population study (The Bridlington Eye Assessment Project (BEAP)) conducted from 2002 to 2006. All residents aged ≥65 years were invit...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Correction of refractive error in children is important for visual and educational development. The aim of this questionnaire-based study was to explore paediatric refractive correction by optometrists in England. Methods: An online questionnaire was piloted and distributed to optometrists in England. The questionnaire asked about respo...
Article
Full-text available
The study assessed the contact lens prescribing patterns and associated factors in a university optometry clinic in Trinidad and Tobago. The data relating to habitual or new contact lens (CL) prescribing patterns among wearers over a two-year period were reviewed. Pearson’s chi-squared test and logistic regression models were used to analyze the fi...
Article
Full-text available
Stefan Bandlitz,1,2 Makram Nakhoul,3 Konstantin Kotliar3 1Höhere Fachschule für Augenoptik Köln (HFAK), Cologne School of Optometry, Cologne, Germany; 2School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, UK; 3Department of Medical Engineering and Technomathematics, FH Aachen University of Applied Sciences, Campus Jülich, Jülich, 52428...
Article
Full-text available
Manhong Xu,1,* Ruiyan Fan,1,* Xiaoe Fan,2 Yan Shao,1 Xiaorong Li1 1Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin Branch of National Clinical Research Center for Ocular Disease, Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Jinche...
Article
Full-text available
Saleha K Alatawi,1 Kareem Allinjawi,2 Khaled Alzahrani,3 Naglaa K Hussien,4 Mahadi Bashir,5 Eman N Ramadan6 1Department of Optometry, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Al-Baha University, Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Optometry, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jeddah University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 3Ophthalmology Department, King...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical relevance Low contrast acuity (LCA) and near stereoacuity (NS) testing are integral to the comprehensive assessment of sensory visual function in children. However, routine ophthalmological evaluations seldom take these measures into consideration. Additionally, there is limited literature regarding the normative values of these parameters...
Article
Full-text available
Português e Libras: Processamento cognitivo via ouvido, olho e mão. Este artigo original apresenta introdução à análise sistemática alternativa de algumas das principais áreas de estudo do processamento de linguagem no surdo, cego, e surdocego brasileiros típicos, comparados com ouvintes e videntes brasileiros típicos. Usa terminologia baseada na...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The need to validate core competency skills in qualified optometrists wishing to take part in extended roles in glaucoma care has been questioned. This analysis examines the ability of qualified optometrists to perform relevant core competency skills under standardised objective assessment conditions to explore whether such validation is...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To provide the clinical characteristics of amblyopia in children under 17 years of age in Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia. Patients and methods: The study was a cross-sectional hospital-based, included 121 children with amblyopia aged between 3 and 17 years, referred from 6 hospitals in Qassim region to the paediatric optometry clinic at Qa...
Poster
Full-text available
Block diagram of the proposed system in this work, computerized algorithms are improved to use in the medical screening system for detecting retina lesions and grading risk to obtain suitable treatment decision for the patient. It will aid clinicians in the early detection of retinal ulcers. where the ophthalmologists spend a long-time dealing in m...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To investigate the prevalence of reduced visual acuity among adolescents in Jiaocheng County, Shanxi Province. Methods Fourteen thousand fifty-one Jiaocheng County students aged 7 to 21 were chosen to engage in this research project in 2019. For uncorrected distance visual acuity (UCDVA) testing, a 5 m standard logarithmic visual sharpness...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: A student enrolled in Allied Health Sciences has a curriculum and academic standards that are different compared to a student enrolled in a medical programme. Nevertheless, little is known about the psychological distress of this population. Our objective was to determine whether psychological distress is prevalent in students enrolle...
Poster
Full-text available
1st Annual Optometry Times® EyeCon 2021
Article
Full-text available
This study tested whether repeated traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) alter the objective structure or the objective function of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in human subjects recruited from an optometry clinic. Case subjects ( n = 25) with a history of repeated TBIs (4.12 ± 2.76 TBIs over 0–41 years) and healthy pair-matched control subjects ( n = 3...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: During the COVID-19 lockdown, primary care optometry services in Wales moved to a hub model of provision. Three independent prescribing models were available in different areas: a commissioned Independent Prescribing Optometry Service (IPOS), independent prescribers that were not commissioned and no independent prescribers available....
Article
Full-text available
To describe the various types of ocular complications associated with Human Immuno- deficiency virus (HIV) infection. And also describe the management or preventive measures associated with it. In all cases of ocular disease due to HIV, there is only one reason i.e. immune system. A Narrative review was done to review the articles available on P...
Book
Full-text available
Optometry is an autonomous profession in the field of health, which requires special training and is governed by specific rules. The science of Optometry includes a number of special techniques for diagnosing and investigating optometric problems. Visual acuity is the measurement of the ability to distinguish two stimuli, which are separated in spa...
Article
Full-text available
Background A same day admission approach was established for pediatric patients undergoing elective surgery owing to an increase in demand for bed availability and the need for medical, logistical, psychological, and fiscal improvements. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the same day admission approach for reducing demand for preopera...
Article
Full-text available
My personal tips for cracking the competitive Royal College of Ophthalmology (practical) refraction certificate examination in the first attempt Dear Editor, For the first time since its commencement, the Royal College of Ophthalmology (RCOphth) has conducted the refraction certificate exam in India, making it accessible to aspiring candidates. We...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Online battle arena game that entails picking up weapons, killing enemies, and shooting at long range, all of which require a great deal of concentration over an extended period of time. Binocular vision and convergence play a crucial role in these games. It disrupts our capacity for adaptation and convergence. The purpose of this study...
Article
Full-text available
A summary of the diagnosis and management of microtropia. Published in Optometry Today.
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated specific public health measures, resulting in the alteration of lifestyles, such as increased digital screen time and fewer outdoor activities. Such conditions have increased the progression of myopia in children. However, no investigation of myopia progression in early adulthood has been conducted d...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose C ontact lenses (CL) remain a popular mode of refractive error correction globally and in the Caribbean, mostly among young people. However, no data on the characteristics of the CL population wearers in the Caribbean is available. This study reported on the characteristics of CL wearers and the associated factors in Trinidad and Tobago (T&...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Refractive, accommodative and vergence parameters and associated anomalies cause symptoms of asthenopia. Patients consult eye care practitioners mainly due to symptoms they experience. To enhance targeted treatments from various anomalies, it is relevant to study symptoms with associating anomalies. Aim: To determine the frequencies...
Article
Full-text available
Background Diagnostic reasoning is an essential skill for optometry practice and a vital part of the curriculum for optometry trainees but there is limited understanding of how diagnostic reasoning is performed in optometry or how this skill is best developed. A validated and reliable self-reflective inventory for diagnostic reasoning in optometry,...
Article
Full-text available
Background The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that there are approximately 19 million visually impaired children worldwide, and most of the conditions are treatable by early intervention at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. Objective To assess the status of paediatric eye care services in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Methods A...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Patient safety in eye health care is an underdeveloped field of research. A patient safety incident occurs when an unintended incident happens that could have (or did) lead to harm. To enable learning from patient safety incidents in optometry, a characterisation of commonly experienced safety incidents is needed to identify options to im...
Article
Full-text available
Visual disturbances are amongst the most commonly reported symptoms after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) despite vision testing being uncommon at initial clinical evaluation. TBI patients consistently present a wide range of visual complaints, including photophobia, double vision, blurred vision, and loss of vision which can detrimentally affect re...
Article
Full-text available
Alan N Glazier Optometry, KeplrVision, Rockville, MD, USACorrespondence: Alan N Glazier, Email draglazier@gmail.comAbstract: The process that initiates lens stiffness evident in age-related lens protein aggregation diseases is thought to be mainly the result of oxidation. While oxidation is a major contributor, the exposure of lens proteins to phys...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic had a disproportionate impact on patients from racial and/or ethnic minority groups, causing many to delay healthcare. This study evaluates the role telehealth visits played in helping patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) return for subsequent, in-person eye examinations after the outbreak of COVID-19. Methods: Thi...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: one of the essential needs of every human being is happiness, and moral intelligence is related to emotions and intellect, and moral behaviors depend on integrated emotions, intuition, and argument. In addition to transferring knowledge and skills, promoting ethical values is also one of the tasks of the universities. Instrument & Methods: In...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Novel teleophthalmology technologies have the potential to reduce unnecessary and inaccurate referrals between community optometry practices and hospital eye services and as a result improve patients’ access to appropriate and timely eye care. However, little is known about the acceptability and facilitators and barriers to the impleme...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Background: This pilot study was designed to evaluate the learning efficacy in undergraduate optometry students of binocular vision evaluation techniques. Method: Twenty students from the third-year Bachelors of Optometry program were selected. They were introduced to binocular vision procedures for the first time in the curriculum. Three...
Article
Full-text available
With an aging population, prevalence of visual impairment (VI) is expected to increase as well. A retrospective study was conducted involving the files of older adult patients aged 60 years and above from the Primary Eye Care (PEC) Optometry Clinic Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). This study was aimed to determine the prevalence and causes of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Optometry being a profession which requires a close examination of the patient, there is a very significant danger of viral transmission while using diagnostic equipment in the field. The impact on psychological health is not limited to the covid risk factors. Despite these dangers, relatively few researches have been done to truly asse...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To assess the characteristics and long-term outcomes of adult patients with dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON) who underwent orbital decompression surgery and/or received intravenous (IV) methylprednisolone. Methods Retrospective chart review of 98 eyes of 49 patients who were diagnosed and treated with bilateral DON between 2007 and 2018 a...
Poster
Full-text available
1st Annual Optometry Times® EyeCon 2021
Article
Full-text available
Background: Zenebe et al. recently stated that despite depression being a common mental health problem in the elderly population, it is underdiagnosed in over half of the cases (Zenebe et al. in Ann Gen Psychiatry, 2021). They described an extensive list of risk factors associated with geriatric depression. However, we noted that they did not inclu...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Optometrists are increasingly adopting teleoptometry as an approach to delivering eye care. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created further opportunities for optometrists to utilize innovation in telehealth to deliver eye care to individuals who experience access barriers. A systematic literature review is presented...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This system is designed to help the optometrist to improve the care of the patient and deliver uniformly the high standard of patient concern and documentation within the practice standards.
Article
Full-text available
Vergence anomalies describe the anomalous disjunctive movement of the eyes in which there is a resultant convergent or divergent movement of the eyes, causing the eyes to inaccurately fixate and stabilize an image on the retina. Basic heterophoria is a common vergence anomaly, with esophoria as a form of heterophoria characterized by the inward dev...
Presentation
Full-text available
Purpose To evaluate practitioner and patient acceptability of a new one day disposable contact lens (sorafilcon A). Setting Community optometric practices in Hungary, Finland, Netherlands, and UK. Method Following ethical approval, 138 patients who were already wearing one day spherical contact lenses for myopia were refitted with a new one day s...
Article
Full-text available
Many people for different reasons end up wearing glasses to correct their vision. From time immemorial, there has been an unquestionable ability to associate people with glasses. Designing the glasses according to the physiognomy of each person opens a new path for a completely new optical experience. The frames are designed to fit perfectly on the...
Article
Full-text available
The transition of Taiwan from an aging to a super-aging society has come with a cost as more elderly now suffer from cognitive impairment. The main purpose of our study was to investigate if early detection can be developed so that timely intervention can be instituted. We analyzed the correlation of cognitive function with ocular physiology and vi...
Article
Full-text available
Near lateral phoria is common among individuals and can lead to visual problems. It could be in the form of exophoria or esophoria. This study was a clinical study carried out at the Department of Optometry Teaching Clinic, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo state, Nigeria. An informed consent was gotten from all the subjects who were pa...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Background: The main purpose of this study was to determine the awareness of optometry and to create awareness of optometry among rural and urban population of Kolkata. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among rural and urban population. A total of 671 participants- male=378 and female=293, were enrolled in this s...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose We investigated the effect of luminance on refraction and visual function under twilight conditions. Methods Twenty young adults (mean age 20.5 ± 0.5 years) without ocular diseases and 20 eyes were included in the study. Subjective and objective spherical equivalent power (SE), logMAR, pupil diameter, ocular aberration, and ocular axial le...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to examine the correlations between masticatory and neck muscle thickness and activity versus eyeball length, retinal thickness, choroidal thickness, and intraocular pressure in healthy women versus women with myopia. The study group consisted of 21 women aged 24 years and a control group of 19 women (mean age 23 years). For bioelec...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To identify cataract surgery candidates' knowledge, beliefs, desires and emotions as they relate to cataract surgery generally as well as to their behavioral intent to adhere to a doctor-recommended pre-surgical ocular surface prep routine designed to improve refractive outcomes and prevent surgical complications. Methods: This national...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Objectives To examine the validity of high-contrast visual acuity and the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) as tools for identifying at-risk older drivers. Design Prospective multi-site observational cohort study. Setting Community sample drawn from cities of Brisbane and Canberra, Australia. Participants 560 licensed drivers aged 65–96 y...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose By reporting clinical characteristics and retinal image quality before and after refractive lens replacement surgery in early-onset high myopia (eoHM) patients presenting with partial cataract, we emphasized the need for an objective way to grade the severity of partial cataracts. Methods This retrospective, consecutive case series include...
Article
Full-text available
This paper, the last in the series "Advanced tools of optometry and visual psychophysics," is devoted to optical tracking of eye movements. The optical methods include: photo-oculography, video-oculography, video-based corneal and combined pupil/corneal reflection oculography, and photosensor oculography. OPTYKA issue 2(75)2022, pp. 42-43
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Persistent postural–perceptual dizziness (PPPD) is a chronic functional vestibular disorder that can be precipitated by acquired brain injuries. Poststroke depression (PSD) is the most common psychiatric sequela of stroke, affecting 33% of stroke survivors. Pathophysiologic mechanisms of PPPD and PSD are not fully understood. Case Rep...
Article
Full-text available
Rute J Macedo-de-Araújo,1 Daddi Fadel,2 Melissa Barnett3 1Clinical & Experimental Optometry Research Laboratory (CEORLab), Physics Centre of Minho and Porto Universities (CF-UM-UP), University of Minho, Braga, Portugal; 2Private Practice, Rieti, Italy; 3Davis Eye Center, University of California, Sacramento, CA, USACorrespondence: Rute J Macedo-de-...
Article
Full-text available
Refractive error and refractive power are core measures in ophthalmology, optometry and vision science. Refractive error measures what is missing, that is, a departure from emmetropia whereas refractive power for example, keratometry measures what is present. Refractive error is used to determine outcomes for many conditions, such as myopia or hype...
Article
Full-text available
The Assessment of bacteriological and antibiogram of uropathogens among students in the faculty of Health Sciences, Imo State University, Owerri with the aim to determine the prevalence of the isolates and to test which antibiotic has the greatest antagonistic activity against the different isolates in the study area. Fifty (50) students made up of...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical relevance: Hand hygiene is important to reduce the spread of microbes in clinical settings. Hand sanitisers that last longer may be beneficial. Background: Longevity of hand sanitisation products on fingers and hands may be important to help reduce microbial transmission. The current study evaluated the persistence of disinfection of th...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Cardiovascular risk calculators are a useful tool for identifying at-risk individuals. There are standardised methods for assessing the retinal microcirculation which alters as a consequence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study aimed to explore if a standardised retinal vessel assessment conducted in primary optometric care refl...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Repeatability and validity are important components of precision in any measurement system. Aim: This study aimed to determine the effect of change in head and neck position and body posture on the repeatability of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements with PT-100 non-contact tonometer and compare with Goldmann, PT-100 and Schiøtz to...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To compare the incidence rate of delayed retinal break or detachment after diagnosis of acute, symptomatic posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) in a resident-run urgent care clinic (UCC) when staffed by a retina attending, non-retina ophthalmology attending, optometrist, or ophthalmology resident only. Methods Retrospective consecutive case...