Science topic

Oman - Science topic

A sultanate on the southeast coast of the Arabian peninsula. Its capital is Masqat. Before the 16th century it was ruled by independent emirs but was captured and controlled by the Portuguese 1508-1648. In 1741 it was recovered by a descendent of Yemen's imam. After its decline in the 19th century, it became virtually a political and economic dependency within the British Government of India, retaining close ties with Great Britain by treaty from 1939 to 1970 when it achieved autonomy. The name was recorded by Pliny in the 1st century A.D. as Omana, said to be derived from the founder of the state, Oman ben Ibrahim al-Khalil. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p890; Oman Embassy, Washington; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
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Publications related to Oman (10,000)
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Marine animals are one of the most important sources of natural products with the origin of biological activities due to their secondary metabolites. These natural compounds can have many nutritional and medicinal uses. In recent years, efforts to find bioactive substances from organisms, especially marine animals, have increased. Echinoderms, incl...
Article
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Der ausgestopfte Arabische Leopard (Panthera pardus nimr Hemprich und Ehrenberg, 1833) im Naturhistorisches Museum in Muscat, Sultanat Oman / The taxidermied Arabian Leopard (Panthera pardus nimr Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1833) at the Natural History Museum in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. Von: Sharif Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Mohammad...
Conference Paper
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This study aimed to assess the performance of Calculus students for some mathematical tasks, the procedures they follow in Composition Functions and finding an inverse function, and to determine the interpretation of these procedures. The study used the mixed methodology and the sample consisted of three students from Sohar University at Sultanate...
Article
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The teaching and learning process of financial accounting (FA) has become a challenge in an ever-changing global perspective, and an important discussion is replacing classroom teaching with career-based requirements. Problem-solving skills (PSS) help determine the source of problems and find appropriate solutions in teaching FA topics. This study...
Article
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The Ratel or Honey Badger (Mellivora capensis Schreber, 1776) in the Levant, Iraq and the Arabian Peninsula. الظربان (غُرير العسل ، غُريراء العسل ، آكل العسل ، ضرنبول) في بلاد الشام والعِراق وشِبه الجزيرة العربية By: Sharif Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Mohammad Ahmad Ahmad Mostafa Abdallah Mohammad Khalaf-Prinz Sakerfalke von Jaffa....
Chapter
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This study investigates the factors influencing of adoption of e-learning at Dhofar University in Oman. This study is carried out after five semesters since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Structural equation modelling (SEM) has been used in the present investigation to assess the hypotheses and model. The findings showed infrastructure fac...
Article
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The Education and Learning Capital Model (ELCM), based on the Actiotope Model of Giftedness was used as a framework to explain the current practices dedicated to serve gifted education. This article addresses the status quo of gifted education in Oman according to the ELDM. The model comprised ten components including action learning capital, econo...
Article
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Using the desktop tool (Energy3D) for modelling sustainable buildings and solar power generation, this work predicts the performance of a scalable photovoltaic (PV) power plant composed of south-facing parallel racks in Muscat (the capital of the Sultanate of Oman, latitude 23.6 degrees North). The pilot PV power plant has 3,535 PV panels of peak c...
Article
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Nitrogen (N) in different forms has been demonstrated to play significant roles in plants. However, little is known about molybdenum (Mo) effects on N absorption and utilization in grapevine seedlings grown under different N sources. The present study used a sand culture system to analyze the impact of Mo application (0 μM; 1 μM) on N absorption an...
Article
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Lately, in modern smart power grids, energy demand for accurate forecast of electricity is gaining attention, with increased interest of research. This is due to the fact that a good energy demand forecast would lead to proper responses for electricity demand. In addition, proper energy demand forecast would ensure efficient planning of the electri...
Article
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Purpose Destination competitiveness is a significant contributor to tourism growth, performance and development. The current research intends to test the effect of the dimensions of the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) on destination competitiveness in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Egypt and Oman and how competitiveness influences...
Article
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Background The overuse of short-acting β 2 -agonists (SABA) is associated with poor asthma control. However, data on SABA use in the Gulf region are limited. Herein, we describe SABA prescription practices and clinical outcomes in patients with asthma from the Gulf cohort of the SABA use IN Asthma (SABINA) III study. Methods In this cross-sectiona...
Article
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The Al‐Mudhaybi Regional Survey uses different methods to reconstruct the diachronic development of the archaeological landscape within a 930 km² area. This article evaluates the different outcomes of remote sensing, ground‐truthing and systematic field‐walking of transects regarding the type and chronological range of structures found. Additionall...
Article
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Objective Raising a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can have a significant impact on quality of life (QOL). This study was conducted to assess the QOL and coping strategies of parents of children with ASD in Oman. Method This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Al-Masarra psychiatric hospital. Telephone interviews were con...
Article
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Snow is one of the most important climatic-hydrological variables that plays a vital role in watersheds. This importance is multiplied in Iran, as Iran is a warm country which is dependent on melting snow for the warm seasons. The purpose of this study is to monitor and project snowfall changes in Iran. To this end, we used two sources of data; the...
Article
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Objectives: Dengue fever (DF) is the most common arthropod-borne viral illness with significant public health implications that can cause severe clinical symptoms and possibly death. We sought to determine the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients presented with DF to the Royal Hospital in a recent outbreak in Oman. Methods: W...
Article
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This study aimed to evaluate the bioaccumulation of heavy metals (copper, zinc, and lead) and chemical compositions (fat, protein, moisture, and ash) in the Parastromateus niger muscle of the Oman Sea in pre-monsoon and post-monsoon. An atomic absorption spectrophotometer was used to determine heavy metal concentrations in fish muscle tissue. Chemi...
Article
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The current study aimed to reveal the predictive ability of the emotional support resources, birth order, gender and grade in cyberbullying among gifted adolescents in Jordan and Oman. It also aimed to identify the differences, if any, in electronic bullying (bully, victim) according to the different sources of the emotional support, birth order, g...
Article
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The amphibian skin microbiome is important in maintaining host health, but is vulnerable to perturbation from changes in biotic and abiotic conditions. Anthropogenic habitat disturbance and emerging infectious diseases are both potential disrupters of the skin microbiome, in addition to being major drivers of amphibian decline globally. We investig...
Preprint
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This study focuses on the multiple ways in which the Hindu community in Oman negotiates its religious identity in an Islamic country by strategically using its historic mercantile relations with the ruling families, maximising the use of public-private spaces, and creating and participating in transnational networks as ways to cope with state restr...
Article
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Antique trade amphorae illuminate a little understood but important find category for Arabia, still in the twilight of publication. Most of the find data lie buried in unpublished work regarding recent excavations at ʿAqaba/Ayla. Recent research has verified mineralogically the origin of these documents and their dating. An example fortuitously fou...
Article
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Despite the notable increase of shopping centers and supermarkets in Oman during the last recent years, along with the increasing number of reported incidents of inflammation of the stomach and intestines (gastroenteritis), our knowledge about the microbiology of shopping carts in this region and their role as source for transmission of enteric bac...
Article
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Globally, the red wine market experienced a rapid growth in the last decade, due to the superior colour, taste, and nutritional quality. The red grapes used for vinification have individual characteristics varying within the regional environment. In this study, the quality of seven grape cultivars, including Marselan, Yan 73, Muscat Hamburg, Kadark...
Article
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Grapes are rich in phenolic compounds, being important for human health with anti-inflammatory, antiatherosclerotic, antimutagenic, anticarcinogenic, antibacterial, antiviral, and antimicrobial activity. The winemaking of the grapes generates significant amounts of waste. These wastes contain bioactive compounds in their biomass that can be used as...
Article
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Background: Physical inactivity rates have remained high worldwide since 2001. Public policies are an essential upstream lever to target individual physical activity (PA) behaviour. However, implementers have different strategies and face implementation challenges that are poorly understood. The present study analyzes the implementation processes...
Preprint
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This preprint points out issues with earlier interpretations that the Unayzah C is a glacial deposit and presents evidence for a non-glacial origin. It suggests that the Unayzah C is not coeval with the Al Khlata glacial sediments of Oman and was deposited under climatic conditions more like those that existed in the underlying Berwath Formation. E...
Article
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The Sultanate of Oman is an arid country in the Arabian Peninsula suffering from insufficient freshwater supplies and extremely hot weather conditions. The only source of recharge is rainfall, which is scarce and varies with space and time, for the aquifers being overexploited for the last few decades. This has led to depleting groundwater levels a...
Article
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Acquisition of an additional language is assumed to involve several internal and external factors for the learner. Among external factors, instructional procedures and materials are vital in helping learners master L2 skills. This study investigates how the instructor's instructional variables and in-house materials influence tertiary-level Omani s...
Article
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Recently, the management of water and wastewater is gaining attention worldwide as a way of conserving the natural resources on the planet. The traditional wastewater treatment in Oman is such that the treated effluent produced is only reused for unfeasible purposes such as landscape irrigation, cooling, or disposed of in the sea. Introducing more...
Conference Paper
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Located in eastern Oman, south of the town of Sur, the Batain Plain extends about 40km west-east and 130km northeast-southwest and is bounded to the south by the Indian Ocean. Due to the relatively scattered outcrops of the different lithologies and apparently chaotic structural situation, they were previously interpreted as "Batain Melange" with t...
Article
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A hitherto overlooked locality of Scincus conirostris BLanFord, 1881 in the Sultanate of Oman
Conference Paper
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When the Covid-19 pandemic forced the world to remain indoors and function remotely, the two cardinal points of home and work shaping the way we flow within our cities became subjacent. As the world opens once more and the traditional "work-home" axis becomes footloose with minimized needs to commute to work, the principal factors considered in cit...
Conference Paper
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For hundreds of years in Oman, settlements were forged in harmony with the natural features and resources of each site including mountains, wadis, and favourable climatic conditions. However, accessibility of cheap energy in the late 20th century gave rise to an urban sprawl along the lowlands and coastal areas, leading to the abandonment of the en...
Article
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Cost overruns leading to delays are common in building construction projects in Oman. Hence, this study is to intend investigate the significant factors influencing cost overruns in private sector construction projects in Oman and propose suitable mitigation actions for identified cost overruns issues. Mixed method approach selected as research app...
Article
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This is a book review of the book, Shadow education in the middle east: private supplementary tutoring and its policy implications by by Mark Bray and Anas Hajar. The book is a product of thorough investigation of private tutoring in the Middle East, contextualised in the global picture. Such tutoring is commonly called shadow education on the grou...
Preprint
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Dear Academicians/Researchers/Faculties, I’m the editor of the recently launched research collection, Advancement in Controls and Power Electronics Converters for Virtual Inertia Improvement in Modern Sustainable Power Systems. We want this to be the most up-to-date and impactful collection of research on this topic. With your knowledge and expe...
Book
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Väitöskirja tarkastelee vastasaapuneille maahanmuuttajaoppilaille suunnattua kielipe-dagogista tukea perusopetuksen vuosiluokilla 7–9. Tutkimuksen tehtävänä oli selvittää kielellisen tuen toteuttamista ja kehittämistarpeita asian parissa työskentelevien asian-tuntijoiden (artikkeli I), perusopetuksen vuosiluokilla 7–9 työskentelevien opettajien (ar...
Article
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Despite the global push for social security, it is estimated that 73% of the world's population lacks access to adequate social protection plans (ILO 2016), and contributory social insurance programs continue to cover only a small portion of the population-typically only those who are in the standard employment in the public and private sectors. In...
Article
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This study aims to develop a deeper understanding on talent management strategies to encourage employee engagement in the tourism industry of the Middle East during and after COVID-19 and further to reveal the impacts of employee engagement on customer satisfaction. This study was conducted qualitatively, where open-ended questions were posed to 37...
Article
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We investigate the determinants of Key Audit Matters (KAMs) in the auditor’s report. In partic-ular, we examine the impact of overlapped audit committee (AC) directors on the quantity of KAMs disclosure. We also examine the consequences of KAMs disclosure. We test to see if the quantity of KAMs disclosure affects audit quality. Oman was among the e...
Article
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Echovirus, a member of the Enterovirus B (EV-B) family, has led to numerous outbreaks and pandemics, causing a broad spectrum of diseases. Based on the national hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) surveillance system, seven strains of echovirus 33 (E33) were isolated from Mainland of China between 2010 and 2018. The whole genomes of these strains...
Article
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The Sultanate of Oman is in the south-eastern part of the Persian Gulf. Oman's coast causes Oman to be exposed to tropical cyclones occasionally. The damages occur when hurricanes reach the land, but some hurricanes dissipate in the sea without any noticeable harm. Generally, these strong storms hit Oman every 3 or 4 years between June and October,...
Article
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Nine species of fiddler crabs (Crustacea: Ocypodidae: Gelasiminae) are known from the Arabian Sea and adjacent waters (Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman and Arabian/Persian Gulf): five species of Austruca, one Cranuca, two Gelasimus and one Tubuca. COI sequence data match morphological species boundaries and shows high connectivity within each. T...
Chapter
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Old Market is a focal point of a living heritage at such Islamic heritage city. Depending on the cultural significance, it dynamically represents the past inherits in the present guaranteeing a main vehicle of acting a sustainable development. Pausing the globalization and modernization waves of urban planning, the report aims to review the socio-e...
Poster
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Characterize the composition of the zooplankton community in two contrasting water masses (Arabian Sea: Salalah, and Sea of Oman: Muscat) during two successive years. Characterize the seasonal changes in zooplankton community structure in these two water masses.
Technical Report
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Tämä raportti tarkastelee liikunnallisen elämäntavan paikallista kehittämisavus-tusta vuodelle 2020 saaneiden hankkeiden loppuselvityksiä. Kyseessä on opetus-ja kulttuuriministeriön määrärahoista myönnettävä ja aluehallintoviranomaisten jakama valtion erityisavustus. Loppuselvityksessä avustuksensaaja raportoi hank-keen toiminnan tuloksista oman al...
Article
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Multiple Coulomb scattering (MCS) is a well-known phenomenon occurring when charged particles traverse materials. Measurements of muons traversing low Z materials made in the MuScat experiment showed that theoretical models and simulation codes, such as geant4 (v7.0), over-estimated the scattering. The Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) meas...
Article
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The rapid pace of the occurrence of new information leads to the need for adaptation to new knowledge and competences required by the labor market. The traditional teaching and learning methods cannot face the knowledge amount and the dispersion of the qualifications, jobs and activity domains, which become more and more specialized and interconnec...
Article
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Introduction: Tobacco smokers are at high risk of developing severe COVID-19. Lockdown was a chosen strategy to deal with the spread of infectious diseases; nonetheless, it influenced people's eating and smoking behaviors. The main objective of this study is to determine the impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on smoking (waterpipe and cigarette) beha...
Article
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Production water represents a major sustainability challenge for oil and gas industries, which is why various strategies have emerged globally to encourage its reuse in proactive projects. One of the most recognized strategies has been developed in the Omani desert where artificial wetlands were designed to physically and biologically treat product...
Article
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The motivation of this research is to investigate the important factors that affect Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) economies and increase the investment opportunities to avoid the threats of limited oil resources in the future. This study examines the relationship between tax avoidance, accounting information quality, and other control variables on...
Article
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In the Anthropocene the consequences of land-use transformation on ecosystem services are of growing concern, particularly in fragile areas of mountain agriculture that often represent high nature-value farmland. This study uses a decadal repeated survey approach to analyse the effects of modernisation on oasis systems in the Jabal Al Akhdar region...
Chapter
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While entrepreneur personality traits are thought to play an important role in entrepreneurship, the factors that contribute to the success of firm performance in the tourism sector, especially through the lens of a gender-based view remain relatively unclear. To address this problem, this study investigates the effects of psychological qualities (...
Article
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The article presents the results of studies carried out in 2020-2021 in soil and climatic conditions of the Mountain-Valley viticultural zone of Crimea to determine the efficiency of small-volume spraying in pest control of industrial vineyards of wine grape variety ‘Muscat Rose’. In experimental variant, when using small-volume spraying, the amoun...
Article
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This study contributes to the extant literature on instructional technology by investigating the relationships between the social and personal factors and behavioral intention to use virtual reality. Moreover, the current study examined the links between perceived characteristics of virtual reality and attitude and the moderating role that can be p...
Article
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Yritykset ja yhteisöt tekevät tutkimus-kehittämis-ja innovaatiotoimintaa. Yritysten ja yhteisöjen innovaatiot ovat asiakkaille arvoa luovia tuotteita ja palveluja. Yrityksissä tiedostetaan innovaatiotoiminnan merkitys liiketoiminnalle, koska ilman asiakkaalle arvoa luovia tuotteita ja palveluja ei asiakas niitä osta. Innovaatiolla voidaan tarkoitta...
Article
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Employees spend a huge time of their lives at work. As a result, friendships are often formed between individuals in the workplace. Workplace friendship is a fundamental value of human nature. Forming friendships in the workplace is vital to increase satisfaction and engagement at work. The present study proposes and tests a theoretical framework t...
Book
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The collection of chapters in this special book examines educational practices during the COVID-19 viral outbreak. This special book brings together a variety of studies and scholars in an effort to exemplify how the COVID-19 shapes the learning and teaching processes in different countries. The twelve chapters selected for this special book presen...
Article
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Pre-service teachers' professional identity is currently receiving a great deal of attention in the field of second/foreign language teaching. This study aims at investigating the professional identity of the student teachers in the Sultanate of Oman in the age of neoliberalism from sociocultural perspectives. The present study employed grounded th...
Presentation
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This paper attempts to map some of the salient issues of teaching journalism in Oman for over a decade. It was presented at the Media Literacy & Education Conference, on March 24, 2021, College of Arts and Social Sciences.
Article
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A field trial was carried out to study the role of the disturbed irrigation regime in the production of vine propagation material in the period 2011-2015, with the following options: V1 - 50% of the calculated irrigation rate (CIR); V2 - 75% of CIR; V3 - 100% of CIR, V4 - 125% of CIR and V5 - Control (60 cm depth of the active soil profile). Cuttin...
Article
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One of the prominent types of calendar anomalies includes holiday effects, where stocks show abnormally higher mean returns on the days prior to holidays in comparison to other trading days. The current study investigates the existence of holiday effects in the stock exchanges of the Gulf Cooperation Council, namely, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, S...
Article
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(1) Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has rapidly evolved into a pandemic affecting virtually every country in the world. We evaluated the demographic, clinical, laboratory, and all-cause mortality of moderate and severe COVID-19 patients admitted to a tertiary care hospital in Oman during the different COVID-...
Article
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Despite the development of alternative energy sources, oil and gas still remain the predominant energy sources in most countries in the world. Due to the gradual hydrocarbon reserve depletion and the existing downward trend in the production level, there is a need to search for methods and technical approaches to level off the falling rates. Chemic...
Cover Page
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The V International Symposium on Pomegranate and Minor Mediterranean Fruits was held online from February 15 to 17, 2022. It was organised by the Department of Horticultural Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa, under the auspices of the International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS), Division Temperate Tree Fruits, Working Group...
Thesis
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Migration in the Middle East in the hope of better livelihood began since the independence of Bangladesh for unemployed people. The region has become an attractive destination due to the growing demand for unskilled and semi-skilled labourers. However, male workers dominated the sector until 1991, when female migration started for the first time. S...
Preprint
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Migration in the Middle East in the hope of better livelihood began since the independence of Bangladesh for unemployed people. The region has become an attractive destination due to the growing demand for unskilled and semi-skilled labourers. However, male workers dominated the sector until 1991, when female migration started for the first time. S...
Article
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his paper explores the perceptions and practices of CPD providers for Physical Education (PE) teachers in Oman. Based on qualitative research in-depth semi-structured interviews with total of ten CPD providers who conducted to examine their perceptions and practices regarding existing CPD provisions in Oman. The purpose of this paper is to contribu...
Article
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We describe a case in which a 41‐year‐old pregnant female with pycnodysostosis presented for elective cesarean section at week 37 + 5 of pregnancy. This is the first reported case of pycnodysostosis during pregnancy in Oman, to the author's best knowledge.