Science topics: GeoscienceOceania
Science topic

Oceania - Science topic

The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)
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Publications related to Oceania (10,000)
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At the global level, Sorghum bicolor (L.), is one of the most important crops, which ranks fifth among all cereals. It is cultivated in Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas, where it serves as a source of food and feed for humans and animals, respectively. However, production is constrained by several factors including pests and diseases. Among t...
Poster
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https://www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability/special_issues/45K1PM2O99#info Special Issue Information Dear Colleagues, Living within the ecological boundary of this planet is both a challenge and responsibility of all. In this respect, we require a global partnership and collaboration in line with the spirit of SDG-17: Partnerships for the Goal....
Article
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Review article of Crafting Aotearoa: A Cultural History of Making in New Zealand and the Wider Moana Oceania, edited by Karl Chitham, Kolokesa Māhina-Tuai and Damian Skinner
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Publishing BIM standards can facilitate the implementation of BIM construction projects. Their compilation, as in the article, allows to improve them, create or specify requirements. The publication of the international standard ISO 19650 for BIM resulted in numerous revisions to national guidelines. In the aspect of the degrees of detailing of BIM...
Article
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The data on host-mites associations between Canestriniidae and insects are summarized. Names of many hosts, incorrectly mentioned in the original works, have been corrected. 9 new genera have been described: Balearella, Cercediphotia, Ciprusenia, Ismaielienia, Javanellina, Kuramasenia, Midiphotia, Phaleratusellus and Sumatranella, 24 species are tr...
Article
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Forest landscape restoration (FLR) has a central place in current global debates about the sustainability of natural resources, climate change mitigation and adaptation, livelihoods and biodiversity conservation. FLR approaches support the involvement of different social actors in participatory decision-making processes. We conducted a bibliometric...
Article
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Kota Kinabalu is a well-known tourist destination in the Malaysian state of Sabah. This city serves as the beginning point for the majority of the Sabah state's tourism circuits. This research is focused on the backpacker tourist circuit of Kota Kinabalu. Furthermore, this study involves an analysis of backpacker tourist locations that may be promo...
Article
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Clinical High Risk for Psychosis (CHR-P) services have been primarily developed to support young people with attenuated symptoms (indicated prevention). No evidence-based appraisal has systematically investigated to what extent these clinics may implement other preventive approaches. PRISMA 2020-compliant systematic review of Web of Science, Cochra...
Article
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Bivalves are filter-feeding animals able to accumulate contaminants and microorganisms, either of marine or terrestrial origin. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacterial isolates from bivalves using a systematic review of the literature. Comprehensive searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of...
Conference Paper
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This panel is especially devoted to discussing the complexities associated with the functioning of polycentric systems in the Global South (Latin America, Asia, Africa, and Oceania). These regions have their own unique contextual attributes: they are mostly (though not all) low-income, often politically or culturally marginalized (Dados & Cornnell,...
Article
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Background Destination left ventricular assist device placement is increasing as a result of donor shortages and changing patient attitudes. As organ shortages become critical, LVAD programs become fundamental even in more remote regions of the world including island states. Here, we provide a look into the current state and availability of LVAD pr...
Article
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Climate change is extensively affecting the global ecosystem, especially the ecosystem carbon sequestration and sequestration potential, which are issues of global concern. The proposed concept of “carbon neutrality” in 2020 has brought ecological carbon sequestration to the forefront. Therefore, the research on climate change and ecosystem carbon...
Article
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In 1996, the Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care pioneered the dissemination of policy-relevant population-based measurement and analysis that revealed both weaknesses and opportunities in the United States health care system by focusing on regional and hospital variation in utilization, quality, and costs. Built on a growing foundation of peer-reviewed...
Article
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January 2022 witnessed the violent eruption of Hunga Tonga–Hunga Haʻapai submarine volcano in the South Pacific. With a volcanic explosivity index possibly equivalent to VEI 5, this represents the largest seaborne eruption for nearly one and a half centuries since Indonesia’s cataclysmic explosion of Krakatau in AD 1883. The Tongan eruption remarka...
Article
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Dianthi herba (called “ Qumai ” in Chinese) is the dried aerial part of Dianthus superbus L. and Dianthus chinensis L. The species are mainly distributed in the temperate and warm temperate regions in the northern hemisphere, and some regions in Africa and Oceania, as well as South America. However, the distribution pattern of Dianthi herba has not...
Article
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Introduction Historically considered to be a single cosmopolitan species, the so called Octopus vulgaris species complex (OVSC) is now recognized to be a group of (at least) six cryptic species: O. americanus (in the west Atlantic), O. vulgaris (in the northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea), O. aff . vulgaris (in the region of South Africa), O....
Article
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In household environments, the improper handling of children’s feces can be a significant contaminant, raising a high risk of child exposure.Thus, the objective of this study was to pool the available evidence on the prevalence of safe child feces disposal practices and their association with reported childhood diarrhea in low-income and middle-inc...
Article
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In 1984, George Orwell puts in competition two propositions, logical (2+2 = 4) and dialectical (2+2 = 5), leaving the choice to the readers to appreciate and choose the better one, the one from which solutions to the challenges in the imaginary society of Oceania emerge. It is in this conflicting context that this paper attempts, through reception...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has inflicted substantial losses on a large number of enterprises and brought about the risk of unsustainable operations across the world. However, certain enterprises still managed to grow against the trend prevailing during the epidemic and succeeded in taking risks to make profits. This study discusses how global enterprise...
Article
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This study systematically analyzed the literature using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a theoretical framework to examine the influence of its constructs on vaccination intention against COVID-19. Quantitative studies were searched in PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Google Scholar following the PRISMA guidelines. The average rate of CO...
Article
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Aims Clozapine is licensed for treatment-resistant psychosis and remains underutilised. This may berelated to the stringent haematological monitoring requirements that are mandatory in most countries. We aimed to compare guidelines internationally and develop a novel Stringency Index. We hypothesised that the most stringent countries would have inc...
Article
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Research on soil water content (SWC) has involved a wide range of disciplines and attracted constant attention. Current literature reviews primarily focus on a specific type of research on SWC and few systematic studies have been performed to fully evaluate the development and changes in hotspots of SWC research. In this study, a bibliometric analy...
Article
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Objective The school setting can provide an environment that supports healthy behaviours, including the provision of food. School food activities, i.e. school feeding, are commonplace globally, but not well understood in the Pacific Islands region. The aim of this research is to explore learnings associated within existing school food programs (SFP...
Article
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Background The purpose of this systematic review study was to determine the national, regional, and global prevalence of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) vaping. Method The articles were searched in July 2020 without a time limit in Web of Science (ISI), Scopus, PubMed, and Ovid-MEDLINE. At first, the titles and abstracts of the articles were...
Article
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Background Ascariasis is one of the most important neglected tropical diseases of humans worldwide. The epidemiology of Ascaris infection appears to have changed with improvements in sanitation and mass drug administration, but there is no recent information on prevalence worldwide. Here, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess...
Article
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Importance Less than 10% of research on psychotic disorders has been conducted in settings in the Global South, which refers broadly to the regions of Latin America, Asia, Africa, and Oceania. There is a lack of basic epidemiological data on the distribution of and risks for psychoses that can inform the development of services in many parts of the...
Article
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Pyomyositis is an acute bacterial infection of the skeletal muscle that is commonly associated with localized abscess formation. It is estimated that pyomyositis accounts for up to 4% of all hospital admissions throughout Asia, tropical Africa, Oceania and the Caribbean Islands. However, there has been an increasing emergence of pyomyositis in temp...
Article
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The Melanesian Institute (MI) celebrated in 2020 it’s Golden Jubilee, fifty years of its Pastoral and Socio-cultural service for the churches and civil society in Papua New Guinea and its neighbouring countries in the Oceania. The MI is an ecumenical research institute which occupies itself with socio-cultural, economic, ecological and especially p...
Article
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El siguiente trabajo investigativo está direccionado al aprendizaje del buen uso de las TIC en el área de estudios sociales, ya que se enfoca en realizar temas referentes a la asignatura y su método de aprendizaje a través de las tecnologías de la información, la comunicación, dando como resultado una mejor calidad de ayuda académica junto con la r...
Article
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Our study aims to describe the global distribution and dispersal patterns of the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron subvariants. Genomic surveillance data were extracted from the CoV-Spectrum platform, searching for BA.1*, BA.2*, BA.3*, BA.4*, and BA.5* variants by geographic region. BA.1* increased in November 2021 in South Africa, with a similar increase across...
Article
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An acutely neurotoxic secondary, bicyclic amine alkaloid, anatoxin-a is sometimes referred to as Very Fast Death Factor (VFDF). It was initially found in Canada in the early 1960s, and it was isolated in 1972. It has been documented throughout North America, South America, Central America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania that several genera of cy...
Conference Paper
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En la colección de Orquídeas del Sitio Experimental Teocelo se cuenta con ejemplares de especies nativas de México e introducidas como la especie Dendrobium nobile originaria de Asia y Oceanía. Esta especie es de importancia económica por su uso como ornamental y en la industria farmacéutica. Por lo que es necesario contar con descriptores que p...
Article
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Introduction Vaccines are the most important instrument for bringing the pandemic to a close and saving lives and helping to reduce the risks of infection. It is important that everyone has equal access to immunizations that are both safe and effective. There is no one who is safe until everyone gets vaccinated. COVID-19 vaccinations are a game-cha...
Article
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KBANZSL, the Knowledge Bank of Australia and New Zealand School Libraries, is an open access knowledge bank collating key documents, collections and other resources for and about Australian and New Zealand school libraries and teacher librarianship. The resource was created in response to recommendations from the Australian Parliament over a decade...
Article
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Invasive alien plants posed a significant threat to natural ecosystems, biodiversity, agricultural production, as well as human and livestock health. Lolium temulentum , an annual invasive alien weed with fibrous roots, can reduce wheat production and cause economic losses. Moreover, the consumption of grains or cereal products mixed with darnel ca...
Article
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Adoption of Building Information Modelling (BIM) has increased significantly over the last few years, This paper explain the worldwide status of building information modeling (BIM) adoption from the perspectives of the engagement level, the Hype Cycle model, the technology diffusion model, and BIM services. An online questionnaire was published, an...
Article
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Gnomoniopsis castaneae is an important, destructive pathogen of Castanea species, initially identified as the primary agent of nut rot in Europe and Oceania. Although a decade of research has focused almost exclusively on its association with and activity in chestnuts, it has been identified as a mild pathogen or endophyte in multiple other hardwoo...
Article
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Dispersed low-density development–“urban sprawl”–has many detrimental environmental, economic, and social consequences. Sprawl leads to higher greenhouse-gas emissions and poses an increasing threat to the long-term availability of many vital ecosystem services. Therefore, urban sprawl is in stark contradiction to the principles of sustainable land...
Article
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Knowing the distributions and changes in global wetlands and their conversion to other land cover types could facilitate our understanding of wetland development, causes of variations, and decision-making for restoration and protection. This study aimed to comprehensively analyze the changes in wetland distributions at global, continental, typical...
Article
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This study examines the causal nexus between Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and the economic growth of seven (7) regions encompassing 117 countries. A more recent panel dataset over the period 2010–2020 was analysed using the Granger causality approach and panel VAR/block exogeneity test to conduct predictive analysis among the panel series. Wavel...
Chapter
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Postcolonial debates that discuss the genesis, character and development of the museum institution in Canada, the USA, Oceania and Western Europe have revealed the necessity to newly conceptualize museum studies (museology) in a dialogical and transcultural manner. While there is the need to decolonize imperial museums and to restitute stolen artef...
Research
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Aim COVID-19 has exerted distress on virtually every aspect of human life with disproportionate mortality burdens on older individuals and those with underlying medical conditions. Variations in COVID-19 incidence and case fatality rates (CFRs) across countries have incited a growing research interest regarding the effect of social factors on COVID...
Article
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Invasive alien gastropods are a particularly pervasive taxonomic group worldwide, often causing substantial impacts on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Yet, much remains unknown about this invasive group’s economic costs to human society. Here, we used the InvaCost database to evaluate the taxonomic, spatial, and temporal patterns of economic co...
Article
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Background and purpose Twitter presence in academia has been linked to greater research impact which influences career progression. The purpose of this study was to analyse Twitter activity of the radiotherapy community around ESTRO congresses with a focus on gender-related and geographic trends. Materials and methods Tweets, re-tweets and replies...
Poster
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BACKGROUND Biodiversity protection is fundamental to human wellbeing, and, in turn, serving human health in medically underserved areas can sometimes strengthen conservation. We aimed to collaboratively map the evidence on projects worldwide that are, or have been, providing health services with the intention of producing conservation outcomes in a...
Article
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The EFSA Panel on Plant Health conducted a pest categorisation of chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus (CpCDV) for the EU territory. The identity of CpCDV, a member of the genus Mastrevirus (family Geminiviridae) is established. Reliable detection and identification methods are available. The pathogen is not included in the EU Commission Implementing Reg...
Article
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Horizontal and vertical patterns of built-up land are essential to analyse a range of environmental change impacts, such as exposure to natural hazards, urban heat islands, and trapping air pollution, as well as for decision making in this context. However, while data on horizontal patterns are abundant, they are relatively rare for vertical patter...
Article
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Background A growing number of studies have reported an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and respiratory disease (RD) within hours after exposure to ambient air pollution or temperature. We assemble published evidence on the sub-daily associations of CVD and RD with ambient air pollution and temperature. Methods Databases of PubMed an...
Article
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The EFSA Plant Health Panel performed a pest categorisation of Stenocarpella maydis, a clearly defined fungus causing seedling blight, stalk and ear rot in maize, its only confirmed main host. The pathogen occurs in many countries of North, Central and South America, Africa, Asia and Oceania where maize is grown commercially. It is present in the E...
Preprint
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Plasmodium falciparum , the most virulent agent of human malaria, spread from Africa to all continents following the out-of-Africa human migrations. During the transatlantic slave trade between the 16th and 19th centuries, it was introduced twice independently to the Americas where it adapted to new environmental conditions (new human populations a...
Article
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O objetivo deste artigo é compreender como a educação matemática atua como instrumento de empoderamento ou de desempoderamento de estudantes e professores, como ela se conecta com o empoderamento e como o empoderamento é discutido no âmbito educacional. Para tal, realizamos um estudo exploratório a partir do mapeamento de produções científicas dese...
Article
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Comparing the scores of performances and chronological age in participants of Rhythmic Gymnastics Continental Championships in one Olympic cycle (2017-2020) has the potential to indicate the global differences in the development of this sport. The aim of the study was to, 1) identify the events characterized by the highest/lowest gymnasts’ achievem...
Chapter
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This chapter explores the extent to which Oceania has met its international commitments, alongside national and territory level targets, with regard to its network of protected and conserved areas. It assesses the spatial elements of Aichi Biodiversity Target 11, including general coverage, coverage of important areas for biodiversity, ecological r...
Article
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The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, is an economically important pest of corn, cotton, and soybean, and a major target of transgenic crops expressing Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) proteins. In recent years, this insect has invaded most countries in Africa, Southeastern Asia, and Oceania, posing a great threat to food security. Successful use of...
Article
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In recent years, the analysis of abrupt and non-abrupt changes in precipitation has received much attention due to the importance of climate change-related issues (e.g., extreme climate events). In this study, we used a novel segmentation algorithm, DBEST (Detecting Breakpoints and Estimating Segments in Trend), to analyze the greatest changes in p...
Article
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O presente trabalho busca iluminar alguns aspectos do 1984 de Orwell que estão mais ligados à geopolítica e à história, traçando paralelismos com pessoas, países e processos que ocorreram após a Segunda Guerra Mundial. Também procura tratar do sistema de dominação presente na história fictícia do livro e nas potências daquele mundo: Oceânia, Lestás...
Article
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The fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith, 1797), known as an important agricultural pest around the world, is indigenous to the tropical–subtropical regions in the Western Hemisphere, although its distribution has expanded over large parts of America, Africa, Asia and Oceania in the last few years. The pest causes considerable co...
Article
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The boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is an invasive alien species that can damage cotton plants and cause huge economic losses in the cotton industry. Currently, A. grandis is mainly distributed in the American continent. However, few studies have indicated the distribution and modification of its suitable global...
Article
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Background Intimate partner violence (IPV) experienced by pregnant women is pervasive worldwide. As survivors rarely seek help, there exists a paucity of research on their help-seeking behaviors. The present study provides a multi-national perspective into the nature of help-seeking behaviors among survivors of IPV during pregnancy. Methods Popula...
Article
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CRISPR-Cas is an adaptive immunity system of prokaryotes, composed of CRISPR arrays and the associated proteins. The successive addition of spacer sequences in the CRISPR array has made the system a valuable molecular marker, with multiple applications. Due to the high degree of polymorphism of the CRISPR loci, their comparison in bacteria from var...
Preprint
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Modern migrants using plants to meet their health needs are known to conserve traditional knowledge, but also to innovate to adapt to their new environment. The voyage into Polynesia is amongst the most remarkable of human migrations, resulting in the peopling of isolated, difficult to reach archipelagos. We use this context to determine the role f...
Article
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Meteoritical Bulletin 110 contains the 2802 meteorites approved by the Nomenclature Committee of the Meteoritical Society in 2021. It includes 10 falls (Arpu Kuilpu, Djadjarm, Glendale, Kindberg, Madura Cave, Motopi Pan, Orconuma, Punggur, Tihigrin, Winchcombe), with 2014 ordinary chondrites (including 1 ungrouped ordinary chondrite), 220 carbonace...