Questions related to Occupational Health
It is estimated (e.g. by IMO) that there is only 1-2% of women working at sea. What are the causes of this underrepresentation? Do women themselves are not willing to undertake such professional challenges? Are the socio-cultural obstacles (biases)? Maybe the sector needs more diversity management programmes? Maybe there are some legal obstacles, maybe in some countries or under some conventions women are not allowed to enter maritime professions? Do you think is there a growing tendency of women's presence at sea?
I am working on the topic for a thesis for an economics programme so my approach is supposed to be from an economist's point of view. Suggestions of an approach (especially methodological considerations) will be very helpful
Government laws require occupational biohazard management. However, they do not present guidelines on which methodology to apply. I guess it's because of the particularities of each occupation and organization. Do you know any methodology for the evaluation of biological risk, in which the calculation of the level of risk can be obtained?
This was first published almost 10 years ago.
Conference Paper Should We Treat Workplace Inactivity like Occupational Hazar...
Now almost a decade later, has there been any progress? Chronic workplace inactivity has been a pandemic in developed societies for much longer than a decade. The healthcare and productivity costs of workplace inactivity are all increasingly well documented. Unfortunately, this sentence from 2012 probably still applies: "Employers often provide break time and specific areas for smoking, yet to do this for exercise may be considered distracting, counterproductive, and/or too expensive." .
Thank you for considering this discussion.
We are going to build a questionnaire on teleworking were ergonomics will be a part. I am looking for experiences, recommendations and tips in how to investigate physical environmental factors through a survey.
Occupational, Health and Environmental impacts of mining can occur at local, regional, and global scales through direct and indirect mining practices. Now, the Sustainable Development has become a overused word. Almost all the developed and major developing countries are framing regulation for sustainable mining and authorities are concern about it. But, for the sustainable mining, there is a research gap between the existing practical conditions of the mining sector and requirements of sustainable mining. How can we fill the gap by research. What are the areas in which research could be done by the technocrats like mining engineers to fill the gap. I want to serve with my technical contribution to build a bridge with my research to mitigate the practical problems to achieve this goal. Please suggest, in which sector research could be done by the PhD scholars.
I am involved in an interactive implementation project as a researcher, collaborating with practitioners in identifying evidence-based pathways for making workplace improvements. I have three questions about this set-up:
What are the facilitators and barriers that you face in your interactive research projects?
What are the methods and tools that help you overcome the barriers you face in such project?
How do you follow and evaluate such processes on a meta level?
In medicine and labour law there are two widely accepted concepts. The first of them refers to the meaning of the work. Work is an activity, often regular and often done in exchange for a payment ("for a living").
The second concept refers to occupational disease, which refers to the pathology established by employment. This indicates a series of risk factors and working conditions that after a while end up generating a work-related illness.
In a large number of countries, the recognition of a work-related illness to a worker gives him access to a series of economic and welfare benefits. The above occurs after probationary processes where rating boards determine whether the origin of the pathology is due to occupational exposure or not.
However, in practice in occupational medicine we face that extra-labour risk factors - generally linked to home care activities such as washing, ironing, caring for older adults or children, etc. - are a criterion for qualifying as non-work diseases (usually musculoskeletal).
Are not activities associated with home care also a job? Why use these types of risk factors to ignore the occupational disease, especially in women?
Hello Deep Thinkers,
Would like to invite you to become involved in a discussion related to my research on wage-earners/blue-collar workers and their avoidance of Mind-Body Practices (i.e., yoga and meditation) to manage stress. More specifically, why are wage-earners so under-engaged in meditation and/or yoga for stress relief in or out of the workplace, in-spite of re-enforcing positive health literature on Mind-Body Interventions?
Thank you in advance for your time and attention,
I plan to make an article on the topic of complaints, safety and health. but I don't know what title or issue I have to raise, because I am a beginner in this field of study. Please give me a suggestion. i'll really appreciate your help. Thanks before.
I am wanting to confirm or not that indigenous workers are among the most at-risk in the world.
Any empirical data would inform my writing.
Now, I am pursuing to do a research in small-scaled oil field in Myanmar, called Nga-Naung-Mone for my Master degree. As far as I known, no studies have been done in Myanmar related to the occupational health issues. I intended to get these outcomes:
(1) the incidents rate (injuries, or something) and what types of injuries are the most happening the most and severity level (near miss, minor, major or fatal), and in which age group.
(2) Behavior based practice of oil field workers (working place, waste disposing)
(3) Safety and emergency preparedness in oil field
I think you are confused that what the meaning of small-scaled oil-field, where it is and what it is. Pls click follow link.
The comet assay has been in existence for many years, but the general protocol largely remains unchanged, despite it requiring numerous, time-consuming steps. We in the Oxidative Stress Group, at Florida International University, are very interested in learning about comet assay users’ experiences, and their thoughts on the protocol. Below is a link to a short questionnaire that we would be grateful if you would complete. All replies are entirely anonymous, but you will have the opportunity be entered into a prize draw for an Amazon voucher.
(you might need to cut and paste into browser.)
Feel free to distribute to other colleagues who may be interested.
Please feel free to contact any of us if you have any questions, or want to confirm the veracity of this email and questionnaire.
Thank you very much in advance,
Professor and Head of Department.
Oxidative Stress Group, Dept. Environmental & Occupational Health,
Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199.
It seems that the paradigm of the Social Determinants of Health is no longer enough to explain health - the dynamics of the disease. Is it time to propose new and better models of explanation?
Dear all! Does somebody know any open access (at all or, at least partially) peer-reviewed journals without publication fees, free to publish, regarding to occupational medicine and with good reputation. What i mean, for example, like this "Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health" http://www.sjweh.fi/ Thanks for all who will answer. Regards, Dmytro.
I can across this article 'Potential mechanisms connecting asthma,
esophageal reflux, and obesity/sleep apnea
complex—A hypothetical review '. However, there is little information about the concept of a hypothetical review online.
Are there references to find out more about hypothetical reviews?
Benefits and evidence of long term effectiveness of ocuppational safety and health trainings, particularly in the woodworking and furniture industry enterprises (development of positive OSH culture, reduced numbers of occupational accidents and diseases, etc.)
We are conducting a nurse led occupational health event and would like to offer non- lab based anemia screening. If patients screen positive - they would be referred to a physician for follow-up.
I'm a student and new of this site. I'm searching a scientific articles that speak of treatment of poisoning by drugs, suicide attempt or incongrous ingestions. Excluding poisoning by heavy metals in the workplace.
Thank you so much to all and have a good day!
For a new research project dealing with the safety of young cyclists, I am looking for publications or in-depth studies related to bicycle accidents of children aged between 8 and 14 years. Any hints to publications or other material would be appreciated.
Preparation of surgical site, preparation of equipment, instruments and implants,
proper positioning, traffic control
I am looking for some review related to the workers working in marble industry, but if that is difficult, work related to same energy expenditure like stone cutting workers, construction industry
Assuming you have access to all kind of data, or if you don't have it, you can generate it.
- national sales statistics of pesticides
- quantitative measurements of pesticide residues in water
- interviews with farmers expieriencing symptoms of pesticide poisoning
- farmer mental model analysis
It is well known that the musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are the most common workrelated problem in Europe. I am looking for a comparative study of the MSDs in the woodworking and furniture industry sector across the EU.
Considering road traffic as an example, some of the studies report confounding in their associated health effects (for example; CVD etc.) induced by environmental stressors such as air and noise pollution. How can we reduce or at least try to minimize this confounding effect?
Most of the previous researches just suggested to do exercise training rather than a specific pattern of exercise training for office workers with MSD.
Much of the previous heat tolerance research tends to focus on athletic/performance based populations. Moran's (2007) HTT seems to be the most widely used and referred to. Is anyone aware of, or had experience of using a heat tolerance test with specific populations i.e. Fire service, military, miners etc.
Goal programming is a branch of multiobjective optimization, which in turn is a branch of multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA). This is an optimization program. It can be thought of as an extension or generalization of linear programming to handle multiple, normally conflicting objective measures. Each of these measures is given a goal or target value to be achieved. Unwanted deviations from this set of target values are then minimized in an achievement function. This can be a vector or a weighted sum dependent on the goal programming variant used. As satisfaction of the target is deemed to satisfy the decision maker(s), an underlying satisficing philosophy is assumed. Goal programming is used to perform three types of analysis:
Determine the required resources to achieve a desired set of objectives.
Determine the degree of attainment of the goals with the available resources.
Providing the best satisfying solution under a varying amount of resources and priorities of the goals.
I'm conducting a study in a university setting, it is about the eating patterns of the working staff, I need to make an assessment tool (questionnaire).
Is there any recommendations for contact or any readily validated questionnaires available online?
EN 894-4:2010 Safety of machinery - Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators - Part 4: Location and arrangement of displays and control actuators
EN 13557:2003+A2:2008 Cranes - Controls and control stations
In one of my studies I want to monitor HRV at two instances on a typical working day. Considering obtrusiveness, I want the protocol to be as short as possible. Preferably below 5 minutes. However, I've been having trouble finding a suitable measurement protocol. I hope you can provide me with some suggestions or references. Thanks in advance!
Rehabilitation is often organised in clinical departments, focusing on specific diagnoses and basic activities of daily living. Rehabilitation to work and rehabilitation for more "diffuse" symptoms, often present in functional disorders, is often not offered. Some studies centered on graded activity and cognitive therapy exist.
Can you propose any good studies in this field?
In Spain, companies are required to report workplace accidents using a government platform online.
I need to find sources or information on the methodology used by governments in EU countries and non-EU for the collection of statistical data on accidents at work.
Thank you for your attention
I am looking for information to get a research state of art about theoretical or practical safety and health models at work or occupational health (the three concepts mean the same thing). Does anyone know about some model to explain or suggest how to improve, strengthen safety and health in the workplace? I found the one that belongs to the Healthy Organizations WHO and ILO guidelines , but I require something longer. Greetings and thanks.
I want to do a study on the prevention of work-related accidents in different industries.Is it possible to implement this work with artificial intelligence and neural networks? I aim to establish a warning system at higher risk.
It is a very common procedure to transcardially perfuse mice and rats with 4% PFA, and then dissect out the tissues. Formaldehyde (and PFA) is a known carcinogen, and all the safety material says to work inside a fume hood. I make my PFA in the hood, and I perfuse in a hood, but come time to take out some tissues, such as spinal cord or DRG, I really need the assistance of a dissecting scope. Trying to have the scope in a hood, and dissect at the same time is cumbersome. So I resort to dissecting out on the bench, as does pretty much everyone else I've spoken to. Is there no better solution?
Does anyone know if there is any explicit correlation between indoor air quality and the happiness of building occupants? Could you provide some references?
Many thanks, Ana
An ontology can help to organise occupational safety and health (OSH) knowledge and allow machines to interrogate OSH knowledge base to answer questions more intelligently. There are numerous accident and ill health classification taxonomies around, but are there comprehensive OSH ontology around?
Many policy advocates, a few mainstream politicians, and some economists propose that free markets can manage environmental problems as a sole solution. That seems unlikely, because of market distortions, perverse incentives, incomplete information, long lead times before markets are likely to respond to health issues, and weak "signals" of environmental damage that change behavior of producers. Obviously there are ideological implications derived from liberalism/laissez-faire capitalism and as a minority opinion it is primarily an "Anglo-Saxon" (i.e. North American, UK, Australian, not so much NZ) point of view. However, the notion has produced an enormous number of books, papers, and reports. On the other hand, I don't see very many analyses specifically on the role of free markets as an "80%" solution (Pareto Principle), managing most problems most of the time and reducing the burden of regulation but not the need for it. This seems to me to be pivotal in environmental/occupational health policy but not much remarked upon. Maybe it is too obvious or maybe it is oversimplistic. Do you know of a body of literature that treats free markets as an essential but partial solution to societal risk management?
What indicators are used to evaluate the processes of induction and training in occupational health in companies?
I want to correlate the influence of seasonality in air pollution with hospital admissions for pulmonary diseases. However I find that though air pollutants are minimum in concentration during monsoon, hospital admissions for pulmonary diseases are maximum.
What can be the reason and how can I relate it to my data.
Literature, ideas and help are very welcome.
Could anyone help me with the issue of human thermal stress in work places, from the view of Occupational Health/Medicine?
As an occupational Health specialist, I am trying to build a vigilance protocol for workers of a small industrial plant in the field of ready-made meals.
Most of the literature I find, reffer to extreme thermal conditions or work loads, and I should like to document myself on thermal stress prevention measures applied to workers that are expodsed to repetitive quick dramatic thermal changes as they enter refrigeration chambers to fetch ingredients and then quicly proceed back to a warmer and humid cooking spot.
could anyone help me? Thank you.
Hiya, doing some work looking at the relationship between comorbidities and employment. Looking at the WLQ to measure work disability, but wondered if anyone knew of anything specifically for comorbidities.
I am doing a study on welders on their KAP on occupational health. I have to get verbal consent from employers before I administer my questionnaire to welders. If the employer does not give consent, how do I report/calculate the non-response rate? Usually 4-5 welders work under an employer.
All ethoxylated materials are said to contain trace amounts of EO and 1, 4 Dioxane. If my product contains well bellow .1% of ethylene oxide, does this need to be mentioned in the SDS in order to be compliant with California Prop 65?
According to The Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (http://oehha.ca.gov/prop65/crnr_notices/admin_listing/requests_info/092013ChangeBasis.html) regarding Prop 65 and ethylene oxide.
Prior to June 1, 2016, employers may use the following legend in lieu of that specified in paragraph (j)(2)(i)(A) of this section:
“DANGER ETHYLENE OXIDE CANCER HAZARD AND REPRODUCTIVE HAZARD AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL ONLY ”
The employer shall ensure that labels are affixed to all containers of EtO [ethylene oxide] whose contents are capable of causing employee exposure at or above the action level or whose contents may reasonably be foreseen to cause employee exposure above the excursion limit, and that the labels remain affixed when the containers of EtO leave the workplace. For the purposes of this paragraph (j)(2)(ii), reaction vessels, storage tanks, and pipes or piping systems are not considered to be containers.”
"Action level" means a concentration of airborne EtO of 0.5 ppm calculated as an eight (8)-hour time-weighted average (https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=standards&p_id=10070).
So here's my math:
0.0000005 x 100=0.00005%
I can't find a clear answer, or if there's a new regulation concerning EO. Many of our products would only contain trace amounts, if any at all since EO is extremely volatile and they were not required to be reported before, but the UN's Global Harmonizing System or California may have changed the rules.
We're looking to use such an instrument in a study that will attempt to change policies and procedures around health promotion for specific populations...
It will be great if you can also suggest some papers for me to read more about these tests. Please help me. Thank you.
I am creating a blended occupational health and safety management course. Many of my undergraduate students do not have much industry experience and so I often use videos and online interactive materials to expose them to unsafe acts and unsafe conditions in practice, since there is limited opportunity for field trips, and only one large application project for the semester. Students need to get exposure to typical conditions that they might see in the workplace, and I use traditional lectures, guest lectures, collaborative group activities, many photos and videos, blogs and website referrals, and even some physical demonstrations. Which topics/areas do you think would be best suited to delivery through online classes?
Speaking to some colorectal surgeons and gastroenterologists who perform many colonoscopy on a weekly basis, many of them develop hand/wrist pain; some even developed carpal tunnel syndrome requiring surgery. Does anyone know of any research data on the prevalence of this? And what can be done to solve this problem? Thank you.
Do teachers seek assistance when they develop dysphonia? Do school districts provide health initiatives or training to teachers to promote vocal wellness and, once a voice has been damaged, do districts provide support to teachers as they regain their vocal health?
Vocal health, dysphonia, teachers, education, school districts.
how can we define the Implementation of occupational safety and health (OSH) at manufacturing industries considering economic level of a country, education, training, awareness creation, clear understanding of OSH, top engagement commitment, productivity improvement, technology development, cost, quality employees activities, environmental conditions? what do you think the most important factors those are affecting the work place safety and health in developing countries in manufacturing industries?
I would like to make contact with some people who might be able to guide me, I am looking from a Psychology / Education perspective but would like to make contact with people using assistive technologies within a classroom setting for research purposes. Thanks
I plan to do a questionnaire survey to find out the prevalence of back pain among computer users. Because I have limited time, I am looking for an already constructed questionnaire.
I am currently doing a reseach proposal for the safe transportation of employees to construction sites, which will be based on the construction of approved ROPS for these vehicles/trucks. In the Traffic regulations, MHSA, OHSA it is clear that the concentration is primarily on the operator but not on the employees who is transported on the back of trucks as some of the sites is in remote ares and thus the only way or means of transporting the employees is in the back of trucks or LDV's. I am iterested in the employees safety on the back of these trucks and LDV's thus ensuring that the ROPS or cages fitted complies to or new legislation is promulgated to ensure that these ROPS or cages comply to legislation.
Starting next month I'm asked to evaluate a new pilot line in automobile production. Its all about break design. So when should workers take breaks and how long should they be? Is there any benefit in more short breaks? Do more breaks enhance the worklife?
To answer those questions we plan on using questionaires and measurement methods. What questionaire should we use? For measurements we planned on heart-rate before an after the break and maybe cortisol-values in the morning and in the evening compared to a control group?
All the available articles investigate acute tournament related traumatic injuries. I am looking for articles describing the wear and tear on the joints from years of karate training.
I am planning to teach OSH to management students for the first time. I have had much experience teaching this field to technical students (engineering students, operators, etc.) and I am thinking about how (or if) I should alter the approach I use and the material I seek to convey. I would appreciate any suggestions and sharing of lived experiences relevant to this question.
We need this information for our professor and the students that are enrolled in our OT program.
I am working on my master's thesis using an existing dataset. I would like to include the PCS and MCS from the SF-12, but I want to confirm that the way these scores were calculated is correct. Are all 12 items used to calculate the PCS and MCS? The directions I found weigh each item differently, with different weights for each component score, and that the sum of the items is added/subtracted from a national norm (or something like that). I want to confirm this is the standard way of generating the PCS and MCS from the SF-12. Thanks in advance for the help!
Is there an increasing trend of ergonomic hazards?
Is the effect long term or short term in terms of the number of people affected in world?
Are people (Bpo) workers becoming concerned about it?
What are the solutions?
Is there training on how to prevent such hazards? Can it be provided and is it adequate?
I am doing an ergonomic risk assessment in small scale industries to find out the risk levels for WRMSD. First I began with nordic or cornell msd questionnaire, then want to use various ergonomic assessment tools.
How should I proceed?
I would like know and gather opinions on this issue. Why do some nations have bigger risk of fatal occupational injuries?
I want to calculate human health risk assessment using the formula THQ = E F x F D xDIM ∕ RfDxWxT would anybody tell me how to work out this?
I am undertaking interviews with students and new workers experiences of translating OHS skills and practices into workplaces.
The scientific literature of environmental and occupational health is old and during its long history has covered most models of scientific investigation, the problems they present, and the types of papers that communicate the work. It is also an illuminating case study for the evolution of the literature of so-called ,,Grenzgebiete", an old German term for scientific disciplines that cross disciplinary boundaries.
Our journal happens to be very old - it started in 1919 - and my colleagues and I have been interested in its history and how it shaped the field particularly in the early years.
We have arranged for a collection of articles on the literature of environmental and occupational health to be made available for free to our colleagues, especially for the benefit of new investigators and for teachers to make available to their students.
Starting in 2005, the journal ran a series of editorials by myself on the structure of the literature of our field, and a series of historical essays by our Deputy Editor, Derek Smith (University of Newcastle, Australia). We now want to make those articles available to readers who missed them when they first came out.
At our request, the publisher of our journal (Taylor & Francis) has pulled together 11 of the articles into a "special virtual issue" devoted to the literature of environmental and occupational health and has made them available at no cost on the internet for 90 days. (This is not a promotion for the journal.)
To access the articles, go to http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/access/vaeh-virtual-issue.pdf
Tee L. Guidotti, MD, MPH, DABT
Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health
I would be interested in starting a discussion on the next challenges for occupational exposure monitoring of aerosols. The focus in the last 10 years has been on direct reading solutions. What is the next target? Better data collection? Larger workers involvement by using cheaper and easier monitors? Better monitoring metrics or combined metrics? Others?
I am particularly interested in high performance sports coaches, or those who would consider sports coaching their occupation.