Science topic

Obesity - Science topic

A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
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Publications related to Obesity (10,000)
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The obesity paradox has been observed in short-term outcomes from critical illness. However, little is known regarding the impact of obesity on long-term outcomes for survivors of critically ill patients. We aimed to evaluate the influence of obesity on long-term mortality outcomes after discharge alive from ICU. The adult patients who were dischar...
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Background We aimed to determine the effects of waist circumference and body mass index on spinal anesthesia levels. In total, 120 surgical patients who were between 18 and 65 years old and in the American Society of Anesthesiologists’ (ASA) I–III risk groups enrolled in this study. Patients were classified into three groups, depending on their wei...
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Background The obesity paradox, which suggests that high body weight is positively associated with survival in some diseases, has not been proven in patients with hip fracture. In this study, meta-analysis of previous studies on the impacts of body weight on postoperative mortality following hip fracture surgery in older adults was conducted. Meth...
Article
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The global prevalence of metabolic diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, and atherosclerosis, is rapidly increasing and has now reached epidemic proportions. Chronic tissue inflammation is a characteristic of these metabolic diseases, indicating that immune responses are closely involved in the pathogenesis of metabolic disorders. However, the regul...
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Background Childhood obesity is associated with impaired Quality-of-Life (QoL), increased stigmatization and higher risk of development of depression compared to their peers. This report describes the long-term development in QoL for cohort of children with obesity after a sustainable weight reduction. Methods This pragmatic descriptive interventi...
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In this paper, we have studied a three-dimensional model to describe the behavior of tumor cells in the absence of the immune response, which is composed of tumor, normal and fat cells (TNF) under time delay effect. The center manifold theory has been used to study the bifurcation behavior. It is proven that TNF model undergoes codimension-1 bifurc...
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Purpose Higher total fruit and vegetable (FV) intakes have been associated with lower perceived stress. The relationship between specific types of FV and perceived stress remains uncertain. The aims of this cross-sectional study were to explore the relationship between consumption of specific types of FV with perceived stress in a population-based...
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Aims/hypothesis Studies in children have reported an association between increased BMI and risk for developing type 1 diabetes, but evidence in late adolescence is limited. We studied the association between BMI in late adolescence and incident type 1 diabetes in young adulthood. Methods All Israeli adolescents, ages 16–19 years, undergoing medica...
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Obesity is linked with health and psychosocial outcomes among many populations. However, it is unclear the extent to which obesity is linked with these outcomes among autistic adults. We searched seven research databases for articles examining the association between obesity and autistic adults’ health and psychosocial outcomes. Three studies found...
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Obesity is a prevalent metabolic disorder worldwide. Here, we describe a comprehensive protocol using pegylated arginine deiminase (ADI-EPG 20) to apply the concept that arginine depletion induces systemic autophagy to drive whole-body energy metabolism and weight loss in mice. We detail the steps for cohort setup, mouse husbandry, and treatment an...
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Sthaulya Chikitsa: The first line of the treatment for Sthaulya is to avoid those factors which are responsible for the causation of the disease. All these factors are having SnigdhaGunadominance in general i. e. in GunaSamudaya in particular. NityaLanghan therapy and Langhana even in SisiraRutu is advised forSthaulya patients by Vagbhata (As. Su.2...
Research
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Sthaulya is widely regarded as a pandemic with potentially disastrous consequences for human health. It is one of the most common nutritional disorders. Although it is regarded as a disease, but it is only an exaggerated form of the normal physiological process. In Ayurveda Sthaulya is referred to as "Medoroga" which is primarily caused by malfunct...
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Background: Drivers play a very important role in the transportation of people, goods and services in Cameroon. The data on obesity and hypertension amongst these professionals is insufficient. The study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of obesity and high blood pressure (HBP) among professional bus drivers in Yaoundé. Methods: Th...
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This article is about obesity in children. I explore the extent to which obesity is becoming a major issue that needs to be addressed.
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The prevalence rates of obesity and its complications have increased dramatically worldwide. Obesity can lead to low-grade chronic systemic inflammation, which predisposes individuals to an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Although obesity has received considerable interest in recent years, the essential role of obesity in asthma developm...
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Although nutrition is a necessary action for the survival of individuals, it is an enjoyable situation that appeals to our various senses. However, the constant consumption of delicious foods that appeal to our senses can create addiction-like situations in some individuals. Food addiction is a concept defined as a specific adaptation to one or mor...
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In the last decades, it has been proposed that executive functions may be particularly vulnerable to weight-related issues. However, evidence on the matter is mixed, especially when the effects of sociodemographic variables are weighted. Thus, the current study aimed at further examining the relationship between executive functions and obesity. To...
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‘Hedonic hunger’ indicates the desire to consume food in the absence of an energy requirement. Hedonic hunger can be investigated using the validated Power of Food Scale (PFS). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are currently the most effective treatment options for severe obesity. Following RYGB, hedonic hunger diminishes,...
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Recent advances in the study of chromatin remodeling and transcriptional machinery complex dysfunction, and how they drive metabolic-related gene expression have considerably increased our understanding of several molecular processes underlaying obesity and its complications [...]
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Background: Globally, it was estimated that over 650 million adults 18 years old and older were obese in 2016. It is an increasing global health challenge with a significant health and economic impact. Thus, understanding geographic and socioeconomic disparities in obesity among adults is crucial. Methods: We combined geospatial and quantitative an...
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A obesidade constitui uma epidemia global, sendo o comportamento sedentário uma de suas principais causas. Nas últimas décadas houve uma expressiva diminuição nos níveis de atividade física nas diferentes camadas sociais, sendo os jovens os mais afetados por essa problemática. Nesse contexto, este estudo objetivou investigar o nível de sedentarismo...
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Background Childhood overweight and obesity is a global public health issue. Although there is evidence of a reduced prevalence in some countries, there is still much controversy about the efficacy of health interventions that aim to prevent and treat obesity in this specific population. The objective of the present study is to develop an overview...
Poster
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Current Issues Regarding Obesity Treatment and Chronic Weight Management
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Purpose Chronic pain is a common symptom affecting quality of life for breast cancer survivors. However, its prevalence and correlate factors in long-term breast cancer survivors, particularly Asian women, are understudied. The reported study is to address these knowledge gaps. Methods We evaluated pain severity and frequency, and their associatio...
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Background Childhood obesity is one of the most important health problems in the present century. It is imperative to plan preventive programs through risk factor identification. The present study was conducted to examine the association between the dietary acid load (DAL) and anthropometric indices in a sample of Iranian children and adolescents....
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Objetivos: analisar nas puérperas de baixo peso e obesas em gestação de termo, o relacionamento entre o ganho ponderal materno durante a gestação, e as prováveis repercussões para os pesos e demais valores antropométricos dos recém-nascidos. Métodos: estudo prospectivo de puérperas (baixo peso, obesidade e peso normal como controle), e seus recém-n...
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Due to its relationship with oxidative stress and inflammation responses, obesity and its cardiometabolic implications have been related with serum copper (Cu). Hence, we analyzed the association of overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) status and cardiometabolic traits with serum Cu level in Mexican schoolchildren. Anthropometrical data and cardiometab...
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Multi-level risk factors underlie disproportionate obesity rates among Black women. Latent class analysis of multi-level risk and protective factors among low-income Black women (n = 917) in 2011 (Pittsburgh, PA). Data were collected via in-person survey, interviewer-assisted online dietary recalls, and from 2011 crime records. Multinomial logistic...
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Cardio-vascular disease is now the most common cause of death worldwide. The global rise in CVD is the result of an unprecedented transformation during the 20th Century. This epidemiological transformation is due to industrialization, urbanization, & associated Lifestyle changes. The main features of the transition include a decline in mortality, i...
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Background To investigate the associations between the body mass index (BMI), Mini Nutritional Assessment–Short Form (MNA-SF) scores, and 2-year mortality. Methods A nationwide cohort study using data from a national quality register of older (age ≥ 65 years) nursing home residents ( N = 47,686). Individuals were categorized according to BMI as un...
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Obesity is a major public health issue resulting from an interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Genetic risk scores (GRSs) are useful to summarize the effects of many genetic variants on obesity risk. In this study, we aimed to assess the association of previously well-studied genetic variants with obesity and develop a genetic risk...
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Background We aimed to determine the magnitude, direction, and influencing factors of the concordance between arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) in patients with obesity undergoing bariatric surgery, supporting the measurement of SaO2 and SpO2 in key populations. Methods Patients with obesity underg...
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Background: This study was evaluated the association between obesity phenotypes and risk of lower torso musculoskeletal disorders including low back pain (LBP), low back stiffness (LBS), arthralgia, and joint stiffness in Ravansar non-communicable diseases (RaNCD) cohort study. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 6940 adults were examined fo...
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Background: Body Mass Index (BMI) which is often calculated by dividing the weight (kg) by height squared (m 2), was chosen as a simple measurement of body weight in relation to height. Waist circumference (WC) and Waist-hip-ratio (WHR) are important indices to assess abdominal obesity. Waist circumference (WC) is an expedient and easy measurement...
Chapter
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Ageing is associated with changes in body composition, such as low muscle mass (sarcopenia), decreased grip strength or physical function (dynapenia), and accumulation of fat mass. When the accumulation of fat mass synergistically accompanies low muscle mass or reduced grip strength, it results in sarcopenic obesity and dynapenic obesity, respectiv...
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Este estudo objetivou comparar o índice de massa corporal (IMC) e o nível de coordenação motora de escolares do primeiro ciclo do ensino fundamental. Estudo transversal e descritivo com delineamento comparativo envolvendo 240 escolares (52,08% meninos), com idades entre 6 e 11 anos (7,51±0,76), alunos do 2° e 3° anos do ensino fundamental de escol...
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Background. In the past, moxibustion has been widely used to treat endocrine system disorders, but evidence of its effectiveness is scarce at this point. The aim of this multicenter, randomized, controlled trial is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of treating menopausal obesity with moxibustion. Methods/Design. There are six centers taking part...
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Background Obesity could paradoxically improve prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF), termed the “obesity paradox.” Whether HF etiology could modify the “obesity paradox” is still controversial. In the present study, we aimed to assess the relationship between obesity and death in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction...
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Purpose of Review Obese breast cancer patients have poorer outcomes compared to non-obese patients. The intent of this review is to discuss recent studies and analyses regarding the status of the obesity epidemic and its effect on breast cancer incidence and outcomes. Subsequently, we will introduce a program implemented at a New York City hospital...
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Background Obesity makes migraine more prevalent and severe. Serum level of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is associated with the severity of migraine attacks. Although the effect of weight and bariatric surgery has been studied on migraine, the role of CGRP in migraine remission after weight loss surgery needs more investigation. Methods...
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Bariatric surgery remains the most effective treatment for morbid obesity and its comorbidities. However, post-surgical leaks and fistulas can occur in about 1–5% of patients, with challenging treatment approaches. Endoscopic vacuum therapy (EVT) has emerged as a promising tool due to its satisfactory results and accessibility. In this first system...
Chapter
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Despite India's 50% increase in the Gross domestic product (GDP) since 2013,more than one-third of the world's malnourished children live in India. Among these, half of the children under three years old are underweight (Singh et al., 2019). One of the major causes of malnutrition in India is economic inequality. Due to the low economic status of s...
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Argentina se encuentra en un estadio avanzado de transición nutricional donde el sobrepeso y la obesidad adquieren relevancia. Sin embargo, en algunas regiones del país, especialmente en la provincia de Tucumán, la desnutrición sigue siendo un problema no resuelto y la coexistencia de ambos extremos de la malnutrición implica un desafío sanitario....
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Sommario L’insulino-resistenza si definisce come un’alterazione del processo di trasduzione del segnale dell’insulina, per cui concentrazioni di insulina normali o aumentate producono un effetto biologico attenuato. Ciò spesso determina un’iperinsulinemia compensatoria. Considerati i suoi effetti biologici, l’insulino-resistenza si manifesta con un...
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Nutrition plays a critical role in the homeostatic balance, maintenance of health, and longevity. There is a close link between inflammatory diseases and nutritional health. Obesity is a severe pathological process with grave implications on several organ systems and disease processes, including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthrit...
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Introduction The relationship between obesity and physical activity is still unknown in specific groups, such as people living with ostomies. Objective To assess the prevalence of obesity and the level of physical activity in ostomized individuals. Methods A cross-sectional study with a population of ostomized patients in two hospitals of a Brazili...
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Purpose of Review The burden of obesity worldwide is high and projected to rise. Obesity increases the risk of several cardiovascular diseases and cardiometabolic risk factors; hence, utilizing effective long-term therapies for obesity is of utmost importance. Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) have emerged as effective therapies...
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Introduction Aside from an impact on health, obesity is also associated with higher social and economic costs such as impaired productivity, increased work absenteeism, and higher rates of unemployment. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of bariatric surgery on employment status in a large nationwide database, using data from all patien...
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Objective To compare three body mass index (BMI) classifications that are used to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Saudi children aged 6–13 years: the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) age and gender cutoffs, the World Health Organization (WHO) growth references for school-aged children, and the Saudi (KSA) national growt...
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Despite decades of obesity research and various public health initiatives, obesity remains a major public health concern. Our most drastic but most effective treatment of obesity is bariatric surgery with weight loss and improvements in co-morbidities, including resolution of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the mechanisms by which surgery elicits m...
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Background/Objectives The study considers the problem of the inclusion of people with obesity in the context of the growing role of computer-based work. Negative stereotypes about people with obesity still hold even when they are irrelevant in tasks that require little physical activity. Subjects/Methods Using data from the realm of competitive vi...
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Purpose of Review To review the current evidence regarding the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on cardiometabolic health, with a focus on strategies to help mitigate adverse effects on population health. Recent Findings Individuals with cardiometabolic disease are particularly vulnerable to worse outcomes with COVID-19 i...
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Objective Obesity and aging are important predisposing factors to atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischaemic stroke (IS). However, limited data comprehensively evaluated the relationships between obesity measurements and AF and IS in different ages. Methods A total of 9,432,332 adults from the Korean National Health Insurance Service Database were inc...
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Purpose of review Shift work is prevalent among the working population and is linked to an array of adverse health outcomes. This review summarizes current evidence on the relation between shift work and risk of obesity, with a particular emphasis on potential sex differences. Recent findings Observational data strongly point towards an associatio...
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AimWhile sweetener taxes are prevalent worldwide to mitigate the excess consumption of sweeteners that are believed to contribute to obesity, in the United States, a sweetener tax is less effective if applied to aggregate sweetener consumption rather than only to consumption by obese consumers. The demand for sweeteners is not equal across all cons...
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Background/objectives Obesity poses one of the biggest public health challenges globally. In addition to the high costs of obesity to the healthcare system, obesity also impacts work productivity. We aimed to estimate the benefits of preventing obesity in terms of years of life, productivity-adjusted life years (PALYs) and associated costs over 10...
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The negative changes of obesity to the locomotor system are a major concern in the current scenario, where obesity and metabolic syndrome are recurrent in Western societies. A physical exercise is an important tool as a way to rehabilitate obesity, highlighting whole-body vibration, as it is an easy-access modality with few restrictions. In this se...
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Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may demonstrate atypical autonomic (ANS) responses; however, research remains inconsistent. This study examined parasympathetic response during social evaluation in 241 youth (10–13 years) with ASD (n = 138) or typical development (TD; n = 103). Diagnosis, age, pubertal development, and body mass inde...