Science topic

Nutrition and Dietetics - Science topic

The role of nutrition in health and disease
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Publications related to Nutrition and Dietetics (805)
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Article
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Objective To examine the certainty of the evidence supporting health claims about probiotics, yoghurt, kefir, kombucha, fibre and prebiotics, and to assess the quality of online information in Spanish. Design Content analysis. Methods We compiled a data set of 114 web pages by searching six popular search phrases in Spanish relating to probiotics...
Article
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Background and aim: Vitamin D play a substantial role in immune function, but little is known about its prevention in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). A detail bibliometric analysis of the published scientific literature indexed in Web of Science on vitamin D as a therapeutic option for the COVID-19 patients' treatment is lacking. Thus, the cur...
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Objective This interdisciplinary qualitative study aims to explore the health, education, engineering and environment factors impacting on feeding practices in rural India. The ultimate goal of the Participatory Approach for Nutrition in Children: Strengthening Health Education Engineering and Environment Linkages project is to identify challenges...
Article
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Background Behaviour change interventions targeting social norms are burgeoning, but researchers have little guidance on what they look like, and which components affect behaviour change. The Reduction in Anaemia through Normative Innovations (RANI) project designed an intervention to increase iron folic acid (IFA) consumption in Odisha, India. Ob...
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Objectives Antioxidants are common dietary compounds with multiple health benefits. This study aimed to identify the association between dietary antioxidant consumption and the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) mellitus (defined using the Korean Diabetes Association criteria) in South Korean adults. Design Baseline and follow-up data from the Hea...
Article
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Introduction Obesity is a public health challenge worldwide. To maintain a healthy weight, dieting and lifestyle changes are the first-line interventions; however, these interventions are of poor compliance and may cause body composition changes, mainly skeletal muscle wasting (sarcopenia). Dietary supplements for improving body composition while i...
Article
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Objectives: To examine whether use of expressed human milk in the first two weeks postpartum is associated with cessation of human milk feeding and non-exclusive human milk feeding up to 6 months. Design: Pooled data from two prospective cohort studies SETTING: Three Canada Prenatal Nutrition Program (CPNP) sites serving vulnerable families in T...
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Introduction Codesign is a meaningful end-user engagement in research design. The integrated knowledge translation (IKT) framework involves adopting a collaborative research approach to produce and apply knowledge to address real-world needs, resulting in useful and useable recommendations that will more likely be applied in policy and practice. In...
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Introduction Obesity, defined as a body mass index ≥30 kg/m ² , is one of the most prevalent health conditions worldwide. It is part of the metabolic syndrome, which encompasses arterial hypertension, dyslipoproteinaemia and diabetes. Obesity is viewed as a systemic disease with pathophysiological mechanisms on the molecular level. Dysfunction of t...
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Introducción: La salud mental en universitarios es un tema que cada vez cobra más relevancia y la importancia que tiene identificar factores que afectan su aparición, así como también en qué medida influyen en el desempeño académico. Método: Se utilizó un diseño cuantitativo no experimental, descriptivo, correlacional y de corte transversal. Se ap...
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Objective Identify and describe the available evidence on the effects food systems interventions on food security and nutrition outcomes in low-income and middle-income countries. Methods An adapted version of the high-level panel of experts food systems framework defined the interventions and outcomes included studies. Included study designs were...
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Background A growing number of meta-analyses reviewed the existing associations between modifiable factors and stroke. However, the methodological quality of them and quality of evidence remain to be assessed by validated tools. Thus, this umbrella review was conducted to consolidate evidence from systematic reviews and meta-analyses of cohort stud...
Article
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Introduction Antibiotics have been used as an adjunct in treating children with severe acute malnutrition 6–59 months of age; however, the data for infants less than 6 months are scarce. The WHO recently started guideline development for preventing and treating wasting, including growth failure/faltering in infants less than 6 months. This systemat...
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Objectives In July 2020 the UK Government announced an intention to restrict advertisements for products high in fat, salt or sugar on live broadcast, catch-up and on-demand television before 21:00 hours; and paid for online advertising. As no other jurisdiction has implemented similar regulations, there is no empirical evidence about how they migh...
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Objectives Our aim was to assess the cross-sectional associations between food insecurity and cardiometabolic health indicators in American Indian young adults compared with non-Hispanic white, black, Asian or Pacific Islander and Hispanic young adults. Design Data from the fourth wave of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Heal...
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Background Gestational weight gain (GWG) is an important indicator of fetal well-being during pregnancy. Inadequate or excessive GWG could have undesirable effects on birth weight. However, information regarding the influence of GWG on birth weight is lacking from the Ethiopian setting. Objective This study aimed to determine the influence of GWG...
Article
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Objectives We assessed the relative difficulty in meeting food needs during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with before; determined the relationship between pandemic-associated difficulties in food access and household, maternal and child food security; and identified resiliency-promoting strategies. Design A cross-sectional survey of households un...
Article
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Introdução: A pandemia de coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19) trouxe mudanças nas organizações de trabalho em todas as esferas, exigindo a reestruturação das rotinas e das equipes para atender essa nova demanda. O objetivo foi relatar a experiência do Serviço de Nutrição e Dietética (SND) do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA) e as mudanças vivenci...
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Objectives To identify the most appropriate nutritional risk screening tool for patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery, five nutritional screening tools, including the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002), Short Form of Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA-SF), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST)...
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Introduction Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3 fatty acid, is important for brain development with possible implications in neurodevelopmental outcomes. In the two-arm, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled Maternal Omega-3 Supplementation to Reduce Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Very Preterm Infants trial, very preterm infants (<29 week...
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Introduction The evidence on predictive value of lifestyle behaviours and dietary pattern on the prognosis of heart failure (HF) is limited. Our aim is to identify these factors in the setting of secondary prevention of HF. Methods and analysis The Metabolic Abnormalities, Lifestyle and Dietary Pattern in Heart Failure study is an ongoing, prospec...
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The Spanish population completed its nutritional transition in the 1960s and 1970s, when it overcame the problems of malnutrition. Among the initiatives that made this possible, the Food and Nutrition Education Programme (Edalnu) (1961–1986) stands out. In addition to correcting the negative influence exerted by ignorance to nourish oneself correct...
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Introduction: Poor diet is a leading preventable risk for the global burden of non-communicable disease. Robust measurement is needed to determine the effect of COVID-19 on dietary intakes and consumer purchasing, given the widespread changes to consumer food environments and economic precarity. The research objectives are as follows: (1) describe...
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Objective: Estimate reductions in cardiovascular mortality achievable through improvement in nutrient intakes according to processing level (NOVA classification), that is, reducing consumption of culinary ingredients (G2), processed (G3) and ultra-processed foods (G4) while encouraging consumption of unprocessed and minimally processed foods (G1)....
Conference Paper
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This paper presents ergonomic constraints related to Nutrition and Diet food Unit by macroergonomic analysis (Guimarães, 1999). It was used qualitative techniques (field observations, questionnaires and interviews). In general, it was identified some ergonomic demanded items (IDEs): work organizationl, environmental and biomechanics.
Article
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Introduction: South Africa's evolving burden of disease is challenging due to a persistent infectious disease, burgeoning obesity, most notably among women and rising rates of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). With two thirds of women presenting at their first antenatal visit either overweight or obese in urban South Africa (SA), the preconception...
Chapter
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Introdução: A disfagia é um distúrbio alimentar que se caracteriza pela dificuldade de deglutição dos alimentos. Existem dois tipos básicos de disfagia: a orofaríngea, conhecida como disfagia alta, e a esofagiana, compreendida como a disfagia de transporte. Assim, a disfagia orofaríngea está ligada com os mecanismos neuromusculares, sendo também ca...
Chapter
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Introdução: A síndrome dos ovários policísticos (SOP) é um distúrbio endócrino que pode acometer uma a cada cinco mulheres em idade reprodutiva, e que leva a anormalidade reprodutiva, hormonal e metabólica. Devido a presença de Resistência a Insulina (RI), a SOP aumenta o risco de doenças crônicas como diabetes tipo 2, hipertensão, distúrbios lipíd...
Chapter
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Introdução: O leite materno é indiscutivelmente o melhor e mais completo alimento para o recém-nascido (RN), é fonte de nutrientes essenciais para a proteção e para o bom funcionamento do organismo, além de ser indispensável para o enriquecimento do sistema imune. A recomendação da Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) para o aleitamento infantil é de...
Chapter
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Introdução: O papel principal da vitamina D no metabolismo ósseo é conhecido por muito tempo, mas nosso conhecimento sobre as ações extra-esqueléticas fisiológicas desta vitamina, se desenvolveu muito durante os últimos anos, principalmente os seus efeitos imunomoduladores, que têm implicações em alguns fatores inflamatórios e autoimunes de doenças...
Presentation
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Aula da unidade curricular de "nutrição e dietética" da licenciatura em Enfermagem da Escola Superior de Saúde da Universidade Fernando Pessoa.
Article
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Objectives This study explored the prevalence of and individual influencing factors for metabolic syndrome (MS) as well as associated socioeconomic factors and regional aggregation. Design Four cross-sectional surveys were analysed for trends in MS and associations with socioeconomic and individual factors through multilevel logistic regression an...
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Objectives The present work aims to present the results of the ‘ PRESTOinsieme ’ (which is ‘ we will be together soon ’ in English). The web-based survey ( www.prestoinsieme.com ) describes changes in lifestyle habits and symptoms of psychological discomfort in the Italian population during the COVID-19 lockdown. Design Cross-sectional online surv...
Article
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Objective India has been struggling with infant malnutrition for decades. There is a need to identify suitable platforms for community engagement to promote locally feasible, resource efficient Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) interventions. This study aims to explore if and how schools could represent a site for community engagement in rural...
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Objectives Approximately one-third of the world’s stunted (low height-for-age) preschool-aged children live in India. The success of interventions designed to tackle stunting appears to vary by location and depth of poverty. We developed small-area estimation models to assess the potential impact of increments in household income on stunting across...
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Objectives To compare long-term effects and complications of medical treatment (MT) of obesity including very low energy diet with bariatric surgery. Design and setting This prospective study conducted in a clinical setting recruited individuals with body mass index (BMI) ≥35 kg/m ² referred for obesity treatment. Demographic and anthropometric da...
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Introduction Sarcopenia is highly prevalent in geriatric rehabilitation patients. Resistance exercise training (RET) combined with protein supplementation is recommended to increase muscle mass and strength in older adults. However, sarcopenia awareness, feasibility to diagnose and treat sarcopenia, and efficacy of treatment in geriatric rehabilita...
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Background Early initiation of breast feeding (EIBF) and exclusive breast feeding (EBF) are the cheapest, feasible and simplest nutritional interventions for infants. Effects of maternal education on EIBF and EBF are not consistent across studies. This study assessed the effects of maternal education on EIBF and EBF. Methods A cross-sectional stud...
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Introduction Complementary feeding (CF) is defined as the period from when exclusive breast milk and formula are no longer sufficient for meeting the infant’s nutritional needs. The CF period occurs from birth to 23 months of age. Though the recommended guidelines for introducing CF is from around 6 months of age, data indicates that some infants a...
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Introduction The current standard of care for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) involves using ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) to promote growth; however, the precise formulation to achieve optimal recovery remains unclear. Emerging research suggests that alternative RUTF formulations may be more effective in correcting SAM-related...
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Objectives Dysphagia in childhood has important health impacts for the child and their family as well as the healthcare system. This systematic review aims to determine the effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for treatment of oropharyngeal dysphagia in children. Methods A search was performed on November 2020 in MEDLINE (f...
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Introduction It is plausible that a longer duration of nutrition intervention may have a greater impact on clinical and patient-centred outcomes. The Intensive Nutrition care Therapy comparEd to usual care iN criTically ill adults (INTENT) trial will determine if a whole hospital nutrition intervention is feasible and will deliver more total energy...
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Objectives This review examined the evidence arising from randomised controlled trials regarding the impact of nutrition therapy on glycaemic control in people living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in low/middle-income countries (LMICs). Design Systematic review and meta-analysis using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development...
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Introduction Personalised nutrition holds immense potential over conventional one-size-fits-all approaches for preventing and treating diet-related diseases, such as obesity. The current study aims to examine whether a personalised nutritional plan produces more favourable health outcomes than a standard approach based on general dietary recommenda...
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Purpose: The objectives of the ongoing Canadian longitudinal cohort called the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study are to: (1) determine the relationship between maternal nutrient intake and status before, during, after pregnancy, and (a) maternal mental health, (b) pregnancy and birth outcomes, and (c) infant/child neurodevelop...
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Introduction Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is an uncommon, solid and benign liver lesion, mainly occurring in women using oral contraceptives. Patients are advised to stop using oral contraceptives (OC) and, as overweight is frequently observed, dietary restrictions. Metabolic changes are assumed to play a role and it has been suggested that diet ma...
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Objectives The aim of this study was to examine the added value of food insecurity in explaining poor physical and mental health beyond other socioeconomic risk factors. Design, setting, participants and outcome measures Data for this cross-sectional study were collected using questionnaires with validated measures for food insecurity status and h...
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Objectives The aim of our study was to investigate the association between serum albumin concentration and the risk of cardiac arrest in critically ill patients with end-stage renal disease in the intensive care unit (ICU). Design This was a secondary analysis. Setting The Phillip electronic-ICU collaborative database from 2014 to 2015. Particip...
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Introduction Optimal feeding practices are vital for the subsistence, adequate nutrition, physical growth and mental development of infants and young children. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of core infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators and their associations with the type of terrain, that is, geographical area or zone among...
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Introduction Type 2 diabetes (T2D) management frequently involves a multidisciplinary care team. However, standard care for patients with T2D is the central role of the general practice physician, and consists of routine appointments to monitor glycaemic status and overall health. Dietary modification is an essential component of T2D management. Ev...
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Objectives Poor fluid intake is a complex and long-standing issue in residential care, further exacerbated by COVID-19 infection control procedures. There is no consensus on how best to prevent dehydration in residents who vary in their primary reasons for insufficient fluid intake for a variety of reasons. The objectives of this research were to d...
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Introduction The high cost of many healthy foods poses a challenge to maintaining optimal blood glucose levels for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus who are experiencing food insecurity, leading to diabetes complications and excess acute care usage and costs. Healthy food prescription programmes may reduce food insecurity and support patients to...
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Objectives Despite the uptake of nutrigenetic testing through direct-to-consumer services and healthcare professionals, systematic reviews determining scientific validity are limited in this field. The objective of this review was to: retrieve, synthesise and assess the quality of evidence (confidence) for nutrigenetic approaches related to the eff...
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Objectives The aim of this study was to assess the association of antenatal maternal dietary patterns (DPs) and other health aspects with infant temperament in a large multiethnic cohort, taking maternal personality and prenatal stress into account. Design and methods Using data from 3968 children born in 2009/2010 and their mothers from the Growi...
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Background This overview and analysis of UK datasets was commissioned by the UK government to address concerns about children’s consumption of caffeinated energy drinks and their effects on health and behaviour. Methods We searched nine databases for systematic reviews, published between 2013 and July 2021, in English, assessing caffeinated energy...
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Introduction Systemic anticancer therapy is given to selected patients with early breast cancer (EBC) before or after surgery with the aim of eradicating micrometastatic spread and reducing the risk of cancer recurrence. Chemotherapy treatment is most effective when patients receive the optimum dose, on time and without delays or reductions in thei...
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Introduction Obesity is a global health issue that impacts quality of life. A calorie-restricted diet with high-intensity consultation provided via the internet may be an effective way to lose weight. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a practitioner-guided, mobile internet-based low-energy dietary intervention in overwe...
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Introduction Patients with obesity are considered to be at high risk of acute respiratory failure (ARF) after extubation in intensive care unit (ICU). Compared with oxygen therapy, non-invasive ventilation (NIV) may prevent ARF in high-risk patients. However, these strategies have never been compared following extubation of critically ill patients...
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Introduction There have been many meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials on the influence of different diets on obesity-related anthropometric characteristics in adults. However, whether diet interventions can effectively decrease obesity-related anthropometric characteristics remains unclear. The objective of this study is to summarise and...