Science topic

Nutrients - Science topic

A nutrient is a chemical that an organism needs to live and grow or a substance used in an organism's metabolism which must be taken in from its environment. They are used to build and repair tissues, regulate body processes and are converted to and used as energy.
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Publications related to Nutrients (10,000)
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Cultivation of Highly Demanded Medicinal Plants: A Case Study in Uttarakhand, India. The research represents the cultivation status of medicinal and associated challenges in the state. This is an accepted preprint, the published content will be available soon.
Article
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Prediction of the nutrient deficiency range and control of it through application of an appropriate amount of fertiliser at all growth stages is critical to achieving a qualitative and quantitative yield. Distributing fertiliser in optimum amounts will protect the environment's condition and human health risks. Early identification also prevents th...
Article
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Adolescence is a phase of life characterized by major physical, emotional, social, and cultural changes. In this period, the puberty process stands out, and due to the action of several hormones, great changes are observed in body structure. For all these changes to occur, it is necessary for adolescents to consume nutrients in sufficient quantity...
Article
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A cana-de-açúcar (Saccharum officinarum L.) é uma cultura que apresenta grande importância socioeconômica a nível nacional e global. A vinhaça é um resíduo orgânico gerado por meio do processo industrial que transforma a cana-de-açúcar em etanol, sendo utilizada como biofertilizante de forma parcial ou total. Contudo, visto o alto custo de distribu...
Article
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Combining information on the vertical distribution of nutrients and remote sensing can potentially improve estimates of ocean primary production (PP). Here, we employ in situ observations of chlorophyll a and nitrate from biogeochemical Argo floats deployed in the North Atlantic together with remote sensing to estimate PP and compare these results...
Article
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Common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L) are important legumes rich in nutrients. However, the defect to cook or hard-to-cook (HTC) defect is among the challenges of legume crops during storage. Hence, this study aimed to determine the effects of storage temperature and relative humidity (RH) on cooking quality and moisture uptake of the selected recent...
Technical Report
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Şeyda Bostancı has reviewed 33 papers for the following MDPI journals in the period 2021–2023: Nutrients, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Foods, AppliedChem, Molecules, Sustainability
Article
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Phosphorus (P) fertilizer applications have been determined to greatly improve the growth and yield of dwarf yard-long beans. If the plants receive an insufficient amount of P, growth and yield may be reduced. We conducted a pot experiment to investigate the responses of two cultivars of dwarf yard-long beans (KKU25 and CLGC30), and the effects of...
Article
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The Farm to Fork Strategy of the EU aims at sustainable food systems. One objective of the Strategy is to reduce nutrient losses by at least 50% resulting in at least 20% less fertilizer use by 2030. To this end, Member States are expected to extend digital precision fertilization and sustainable agricultural practices through the Common Agricultur...
Article
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La productividad del rambután (Nephelium lappaceum L) está vinculada a su demanda nutricional, el conocer los momentos y lugares de mayor exigencia, le permite al productor mejorar la fertilización. Se evaluó la dinámica de microelementos esenciales y benéficos en diferentes edades y órganos del rambután. En el norte de Honduras, se estableció un e...
Article
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Soil nutrients influence all stages (reproduction, growth, and development) of a plant species’ life, and it is known that the deficit and/or toxicity of one or more nutrients has negative effects on the production of crops of commercial interest. Ecuador represents one of the “mega-diverse” countries in the world, with an agricultural sector of gr...
Article
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Pithonellid calcitarchs are studied in the organic-rich limestones of the Derdere-A Member from the middle? Cenomanian deposits of SE Turkey for the first time. Little is known about the distribution of pithonellid calcitarchs in the Cretaceous strata of Turkey. Three morphogroups of pithonellid calcitarchs are distinguished: they are represented b...
Article
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From the mid of the 19th-century chemical fertilizers were introduced into Bangladesh as an additional source of plant nutrients. After that the use of fertilizer in crop production increases. However, the extreme use of chemical fertilizers can create hazardous environmental degradation, which in turn can lower yields. So, the optimum level should...
Article
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A exigência da sociedade por alimentos com alta qualidade organoléptica e nutracêutica requer estudos que identifiquem cultivares superiores e o manejo nutricional que proporcione ganhos nos atributos de qualidade. Foram analisados os atributos pH, sólidos solúveis (SS), acidez total titulável (AT), relação SS/AT, conteúdos totais de flavonoides (F...
Technical Report
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As a part of academic lab in bacteriology, human skin microbiome was sampled and swabbed on to nutrient agar plates. The pure culture was preserved using glycerol stocking in triplicates. This glycerol stocked cultures were revived and used for further morphological and molecular characterization.
Conference Paper
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In this study we present results from a survey of 49 high mountain lakes in the Pyrenees including lakes from the Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici National Parc, which range from ultraoligotrophic to mesotrophic. Lakes are representative of four major scenarios: fishless, with trout, with minnows and with both trout and minnows. Overall, the e...
Preprint
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Planktonic active matter represents an emergent system spanning different scales: individual, population and community; and complexity arising from sub-cellular and cellular to collective and ecosystem scale dynamics. This cross-scale active matter system responds to a range of abiotic (temperature, fluid flow and light conditions) and biotic facto...
Article
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There is limited information on contaminations of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in the water source affected by agricultural activities. The contamination of PFASs was investigated in the sources of agricultural groundwater and nearby surface water from an important vegetable production base supply for Beijing and Tianjin, located in...
Technical Report
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Dentre os ecossistemas marinhos que apresentam maior diversidade estão os recifes de corais, pois apresentam várias espécies de peixes, molusca e crustáceas entre outros organismos. Na costa do Brasil, mais especificamente em sua região de ressurgência, a maioria dos corais são encontrados sobre o costão rochoso. O fenômeno da ressurgência costeira...
Preprint
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Two extremely low surface chlorophyll concentration events in the southeast Arabian Sea (SEAS, 6 o N-15 o N, 72 o E-77 o E) during summers of 2015 and 2019 have been found since 1998. Although warm sea surface temperature (SST) and low nutrients are the direct cause for the anomalously low surface chlorophyll concentration, the physical processes l...
Article
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El perfil lipídico es un grupo de prueba de análisis de laboratorio clínico donde se determina el estado de los lípidos presentes en el suero sanguíneo, y así establecer la presencia de enfermedades metabólicas en el paciente, de igual manera el Índice de Masa Corporal indica los niveles de crecimiento adecuado en los niños a través de percentiles,...
Poster
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RESUMEN La agricultura intensiva de plantas extrae del suelo nutrientes (nitrógeno, N; fósforo, P; y potasio, K), que luego consumimos a través de alimentos. Si dichos nutrientes no se reponen, el suelo se empobrece reduciendo el rendimiento de los cultivos y la calidad del producto que finalmente se ve reflejada en nuestra dieta. Por lo tanto, el...
Preprint
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Background and Aims. Researchers have a long history of seeking an explanation for and understanding of diversity patterns. High-dimensional trait-based trade-offs have been hypothesized as being important for maintaining species and functional diversity. These relationships have primarily been investigated at the community-level rather than within...
Article
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Coprophagy, the eating of feces, has been documented in a wide range of species but appears to be rare or difficult to detect in deer (Cervidae). Here, we report the first observation of coprophagy in moose Alces alces, which was recorded using camera collars on free‐ranging moose in Norway. The footage shows an instance of allocoprophagy by an adu...
Article
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Los arroyos son ecosistemas altamente dependientes del cli-ma, la topografía y la cuenca de drenaje que los rodea. Sus dinámicas físico-químicas y biológicas están determinadas por el régimen del caudal. Los arroyos andino-norpatagónicos se caracterizan por un incremento del cau-dal en la primavera, ser oligotróficos y drenar cuencas con un bajo im...
Article
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Nutrition is an important part on the implementation of cancer, both in patients who are undergoing therapy, restoration of the therapy, in a State of remission or to prevent a recurrence. Nutritional status in cancer patients is known to correlate with response therapy, prognosis and quality of life. More or less 30-87% of cancer patients experien...
Article
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Reply to Wimalawansa, S.J. Comment on “Bertoldo et al. Definition, Assessment, and Management of Vitamin D Inadequacy: Suggestions, Recommendations, and Warnings from the Italian Society for Osteoporosis, Mineral Metabolism and Bone Diseases (SIOMMMS). Nutrients 2022, 14, 4148”
Article
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Correction of significant errors—"Assessment and management of vitamin D inadequacy: Suggestions, recommendations, and warnings,” published by the Italian Society for Osteoporosis, Mineral Metabolism and Bone Diseases (SIOMMMS).
Chapter
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Mushrooms are a group of organisms that play an important role in the ecosystem. They play a role in decomposing organic cover in nature. In addition to its consumption as a nutrient in different parts of the world, it has also used in alternative medicine. Many studies supporting the use of alternative medicine in recent years have been conducted....
Preprint
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Works, Copywrite, Copyright, Preprint, Noteprint, Book Chapter, Book, Revised, Monograph, Library, School
Article
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Data mining classification techniques play a significant role in agriculture. To increase yield production, many parameters are responsible like weather, fertilizers, pesticides, and soil. Soil is an important key aspect of agriculture, as an increase in yield can only be attained by ensuring that the soil provides a balanced and adequate supply of...
Article
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Macrozoobenthos plays a key role in the transformation of inputs from rivers to the sea, such as nutrients, organic matter, or pollutants, and influences biogeochemical processes in the sediments through bioturbation and bioirrigation activity. The purpose of our study was to determine the structure of benthic communities, their bioturbation (BPC)...
Article
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No decorrer dos últimos anos, foram desenvolvidos híbridos de sorgo [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] de alta produtividade, a exemplo do sorgo granífero Nugrain 430. Hipotetiza-se que esses novos materiais sejam mais responsivos à adubação, especialmente, no cultivo de safrinha. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da aplicação de doses cresce...
Article
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Objective: Evaluate the nutrient concentration at the foliar level of chrysanthemums grown in tezontle sand using three concentrations of the Steiner Universal Nutrient Solution. Design/Methodology/Approach: A completely randomized design was used, each treatment represented a concentration of the nutrient solution and each concentration had 11 rep...
Article
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Human breast milk (HBM) is the ideal source of nutrients for infants and is rich in microRNA (miRNA). In recent years, expressed breast milk feeding rather than direct breastfeeding has become increasingly prevalent for various reasons. Expressed HBM requires storage and processing, which can cause various changes in the ingredients. We investigate...
Article
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Production of biscuits from composite flour (wheat/sorghum) was investigated. The use of this composite flour is increasing due to its nutritional properties that make the product highly desirable and acceptable. Sorghum is the 5th most important cereal worldwide. Sorghum is malted to increase its hydrolytic enzymes through steeping, germination, k...
Article
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Identification of nutrient content based on data mining has been successfully carried out from 10 kinds of kerupuk (Indonesian cracker) in andrafarm.co.id food data bank. The result of Euclidean distance test from the nutrient parameter showed that uncooked fish kemplang cracker has the most amount of parameter which the value are nearest with RDA...
Article
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The increasing frequency and intensity of marine heatwaves (MHWs) observed worldwide entails changes in the structure and functioning of ecological communities. While severe and extreme heatwaves often have more destructive effects, the more subtle effects of moderate and strong heatwaves may nevertheless affect ecosystem functioning through comple...
Article
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This study investigated the effects of nitrogen form on root activity and nitrogen uptake kinetics of Camellia oleifera Abel. seedlings, providing a scientific basis for improving nitrogen use efficiency and scientific fertilization in C. oleifera production. Taking one-year-old C. oleifera cultivar ‘Xianglin 27’ seedlings as subjects, 8 mmol·L−1 o...
Article
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Ayurveda the ancient traditional system of Indian medicine has two basic principles Tridosha And Panchbhuatic Chikitsa Siddhant. The elements of nature Earth, Water, Space, Fire and Air. All these elements are linked to the possibility of human life on Earth, and also contain compounds, minerals and nutrients that can improve our health. Krishna Mr...
Preprint
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We analyze the long-time behavior of solutions to a Navier-Stokes-Cahn--Hilliard-Oono system with chemotaxis effects and physically relevant singular potential. This model also includes some significant mechanisms such as active transport and chemotaxis effects. The system couples the Navier-Stokes equations for the fluid velocity, a convective Cah...
Article
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En la actualidad las actividades antrópicas han provocado un incremento en la disponibilidad de nutrientes en bosques tropicales, con efectos negativos sobre la diversidad y funcionamiento de estos ecosistemas. Se analizó los efectos de la adición en el suelo de nitrógeno (N), fósforo (P), nitrógeno más fósforo (N+P) y un tratamiento control sin fe...
Chapter
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Soil testing is used for the judicious use of fertilizers, which works on the principle of profitability, i.e if all the factors of production are at optimum level and none of them are limiting, there is more profitable response to applied nutrients based on soil testing than those applied on adhoc basis. It is a science based and time tested tool...
Article
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We incorporate stoichiometry (the balance of key elements) into an intraguild predation (IGP) model. Theoretical and numerical results show that our system exhibits complex dynamics, including chaos and multiple types of both bifurcations and bistability. Types of bifurcation present include saddle-node, Hopf, and transcritical bifurcations, and ty...
Chapter
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In recent years, there are various studies reporting that leonardite promotes root and stem development, increases the availability and uptake of plant nutrients from the soil. In addition, it has been stated that such organic materials, increase soil organic matter and increase plant growth and thus yield and various studies have been carried out....
Conference Paper
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A partir de modelación numérica se estudió la evolución espacio-temporal de los procesos físicos, transporte de sedimentos y de calidad del agua en un embalse proyectado a futuro, con el objetivo de examinar los potenciales impactos en la calidad del agua dentro del sistema y a la salida hacia fuentes receptoras. El análisis se realizó bajo un cont...
Article
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Eating healthy foods supplies your body with nutrients to stay strong. But did you ever wonder how nutrients enter your body? After chewing and swallowing, your food is digested, and enters the gut as mush. If you picture your intestine as a tube, the food is on the inside and your body is around the tube. The inner layer of the tube that touches t...
Article
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Mastication is the process of mechanically crushing food to form soft particles, facilitating theingestion process in providing nutrients to the body. One of the objectively assessed mastication functions ismastication performance. The number of tooth losses is one factor that affects mastication performance; the moretooth loss, the lower the masti...
Article
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Several dietary patterns are involved which includes both food-based& macronutrient which leads to weight loss. An important key that is used to minimize the chances of weight gain is by applying dietary patterns in which energy intake is not more by adjusting the composition of other nutrients. Different factors are involved which show their assoc...
Article
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Introducción: Los efectos nocivos del tabaco son conoci-dos y la dieta de un fumador generalmente es menos equili-brada. Los estudiantes universitarios viven un período crítico para el desarrollo de hábitos y estilos de vida que marcarán su salud futura. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre hábitos de alimen-tación y precepción del sabor en estud...
Presentation
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This file is for a presentation at the Soil Basics Grower Symposium in Visalia, California. It covers aspects of how root hairs and trichomes work to cultivate bacterial endophytes and extract nutrients from them. In addition, a non-isolation method by which entire microbiomes from wild plants may be transferred to cultivated crops where the microb...
Article
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The knowledge about the ecology and relationship among plant-soil is required to increase the vegetation cover around the industrial units. However, no information is available about this aspect on seedling growth performance of commercially important timber tree, B. ceiba. This study was designed with the purpose to record the effects of soil of d...
Article
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Nos dias atuais há uma crescente demanda mundial por grãos, e a cultura do milho se destaca como uma importante fonte de nutrição humana, e animal. Para melhorar sua produtividade e reduzir o uso de insumos sintéticos agrícolas, foi criado os bioinoculantes, nos quais permitem uma produção de baixo custo sem contaminação ambiental, melhorando a fer...
Article
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The hormetic effect is a toxicological phenomenon in the soil ecosystem. The influence of low-molecular-weight organic acids (LMWOAs) on the release and activation of soil phosphorus (P) has become the focus of toxicological research. To what extent LMWOAs can regulate the hormetic effect of P release and then influence soil P nutrients is worth at...
Chapter
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Feeding has been subjected to a process of medicalization throughout history that has caused its perception to be assimilated to the intake of nutrients. However, it is necessary to conceive feeding as a total social phenomenon. That is to say, a phenomenon that impregnates food and the practices that surround it with different meanings. It is ther...
Article
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A apropriação e uso de uma bacia hidrográfica, pela sociedade, é um processo histórico, necessário e, sobretudo, gerador de problemas ambientais que alteram, sobremaneira, a qualidade da água. Um dos problemas relacionados à qualidade da água é a eutrofização. Muitos ecossistemas aquáticos tem padecido desse problema que consiste em grandes aportes...
Article
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A farinha de insetos é considerada como uma fonte alternativa de vários nutrientes, ganhando destaque principalmente por seus altos índices proteicos e grande quantidade de gordura. Além dos seus benefícios nutricionais, diversos estudos demonstram que a sua utilização pode ser considerada uma solução mais sustentável e tecnicamente viável, logo, d...
Article
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O milho é um produto de grande relevância econômica, e requer a reposição adequada de nutrientes no solo para alcançar bons resultados quanto a produtividade, como por exemplo, o Potássio (K) que é o segundo nutriente mais absorvido pelas plantas e se acumula nos grãos e colmos do vegetal. Em contrapartida, a vinhaça é um resíduo da agroindústria s...
Article
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Several dietary patterns are involved which includes both food-based& macronutrient which leads to weight loss. An important key that is used to minimize the chances of weight gain is by applying dietary patterns in which energy intake is not more by adjusting the composition of other nutrients. Different factors are involved which show their assoc...
Article
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Resumo O presente estudo foi desenvolvido no estuário do furo do Muriá ou Maripanema, localizado no setor Costa Atlântica do Salgado, norte do Brasil, com o objetivo de conhecer a dinâmica dos nutrientes dissolvidos na interface água-ar e os mecanismos de interação desses nutrientes com os parâmetros abióticos e bióticos (clorofila a). Esse sistema...
Article
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O milho (Zea mays L.) é um dos cereais de grande importância no mundo. Esta cultura apresenta grande exigência em nutrientes, como o potássio (K). Esse nutriente pode ser obtido a partir de fontes alternativas como a vinhaça para a cultura do milho representando efeitos agronômicos, econômicos e ambientais positivos. O presente trabalho teve como o...
Conference Paper
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Proximate, functional, pasting and sensory properties of sweet potato flour blended with cassava flour were evaluated. The results of the functional properties show bulk density to be (0.55 capacity (3.47-3.97g/g) and swelling index (9.37 viscosity Rvu), final viscosity (198.67 result from sensory evaluation also shows that appearance (7.0 (7.25-8....
Thesis
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Este trabajo es la primera contribución para la histología de los sistemas reproductivos de Ucides occidentalis. El cangrejo rojo es el responsable de la dinámica de las hojarascas y el reciclaje de nutrientes, que favorece a la reducción de la materia orgánica presente en estos bosques. Para proteger este recurso se debe diseñar un plan de manejo...
Article
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Purpose of Review Whilst it is known that athletes are particularly vulnerable to sleep difficulties due to high training and competition demands, the relationship between sleep and nutrition in this population is less clear. Recent Findings Nutrition is becoming an area of increased interest in relation to athlete sleep and recovery. The adaptive...
Preprint
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Starting from a N P Z model where interactions between nutrients, phytoplankton and zooplanktons are simulated by a system of ODEs; We reformulated it by taking into account transport-diffusion effect. We used PDE's approach to incorporate that. We first looked at the existence and uniqueness of weak solution using Sobolev's theory, method of monot...
Article
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O uso de água residual de suínos como adubo vem sendo utilizado na agricultura, justamente por conter nutrientes e apresentar bom potencial no aumento sobre o rendimento de grãos. Este estudo teve por objetivo avaliar a viabilidade econômica do uso de água residual de suinocultura sobre a cultura do milho. O experimento foi conduzido em campo na sa...