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Background An increasing number of individuals who use drugs in North America are preferentially consuming fentanyl over other opioids. This has significant consequences on the treatment and management of opioid use disorder (OUD) and its concurrent disorders, especially in acute care if opioid requirements are not met. Case presentation We presen...
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We estimated the time difference between the 1854 CE Ansei–Tokai and Ansei–Nankai earthquakes from tidal records of two tide gauge stations (San Francisco and San Diego) on the west coast of North America. The first signals of the Ansei–Tokai tsunami were apparent, whereas those of the Ansei–Nankai tsunami were obscured by the later waves of the An...
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Fire is a natural agent with a paramount role in ecosystem functioning and biodiversity maintenance. Still, it can also act as a negative force against many ecosystems. Despite some knowledge of the interactions of fire and vegetation, there is no clear understanding of how different components of fire regimes (i.e., severity, history, or frequency...
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Atmospheric rivers (ARs) impacting western North America are analyzed under climate intervention applying stratospheric aerosol injections (SAI) using simulations produced by the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model. Sulfur dioxide injections are strategically placed to maintain present-day global, interhemispheric, and equator-to-pole surface...
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Hydraulic fracturing of tight formations and placing proppants within induced fractures are commonly performed in unconventional shale reservoirs all over the world, especially in North America. However, the overall recovery of these oil and gas resources is very low and hence, production enhancement is inevitable. This study investigated the acidi...
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Purpose Sepsis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and is characterized by vascular leak. Treatment for sepsis, specifically intravenous fluids, may worsen deterioration in the context of vascular leak. We therefore sought to quantify vascular leak in sepsis patients to guide fluid resuscitation. Methods We performed a retrospe...
Preprint
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Great Waves and Mountains: Perspectives and Discoveries in Collecting the Arts of Japan continues the work of the David A. Cofrin Asian Art Manuscript Series, which explores histories of collections, collectors, and provenance research within Asia. This volume addresses the history of collecting Japanese art and the factors that contributed to the...
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Mental health practitioners provide therapeutic interventions to youth on a daily basis, yet sparse research exists to inform ethical decision-making. It is commonly understood that therapeutic work with youth is ethically complex especially when considering informed consent and confidentiality, both of which have practical limitations. This review...
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This study examines how perceived information overload and misinformation affect vaccine hesitancy and how this is moderated by structural and cultural factors. By applying and extending the fundamental cause theory, this study proposes a contextualized impact model to analyze a cross-national survey of 6034 residents in six societies in Asia, Euro...
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Large-scale climate response to the spatial and temporal changes of anthropogenic aerosols are investigated in comparison with greenhouse gas (GHG) forcing using Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) simulations during 1930–2010. Globally, increasing anthropogenic aerosols in the Northern Hemisphere (NH) since the industrial revolut...
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Quantitative relationships between mire plant assemblages and environmental variables have been investigated widely in Europe and North America, but hitherto insufficiently addressed in the East Asian monsoon region. In this study, the plant assemblages of 274 plots along hydrological gradients in five peatlands from the Changbai Mountains region,...
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This paper offers some insights and clarifications of the paramount role that Mexico has had in the forging of first-order cybernetics. Our account starts with Arturo Rosenblueth as a key intellectual figure in the foundation and formation of the field. After revisiting a historical context of people and places, we proceed to a cultural and media a...
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The Pacific–North American (PNA) teleconnection pattern is shown to be remarkably influenced by the South China Sea (SCS), through causal inference with information flow, a real physical notion which has just been rigorously derived from first principles. The information flow rate, which measures the strength of causality from the Pacific sea surfa...
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Academic staff owe a duty of fidelity to uphold institutional standards of integrity. They also have their own values and conceptions of integrity as well as personal responsibilities and commitments. The question of how academic practitioners address or reconcile conflicting values and responsibilities has been underexplored in the literature. Bef...
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Purpose of Review To summarize results of recent studies of migrants in Europe and North America and ongoing efforts to adapt strategies to provide them with inclusive sensitive health care. Recent Findings Major predisposing factors for developing hypertension, obesity, diabetes, and the metabolic syndrome in migrating populations and refugees we...
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The topographic dynamical effect from Eurasia (EA_Topo) and North America (NA_Topo) on the winter isentropic meridional mass circulation (IMMC) is investigated using the WACCM. The independent effect of EA_Topo and that of NA_Topo, with the former much stronger, are both to strengthen the IMMC that is composed of the lower equatorward cold air bran...
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Wind energy often plays a major role in meeting renewable energy policy objectives; however, increased deployment can raise concerns regarding the impacts of wind plants on certain wildlife. Particularly, estimates suggest hundreds of thousands of bat fatalities occur annually at wind plants across North America, with potential implications for the...
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Plain Language Summary Greenhouse gas emissions are causing the climate to warm significantly, which in turn impacts flows in rivers worldwide. To adapt to these changes, it is essential to quantify them and assess future risk and vulnerability. Climate models are the primary tools used to achieve this. The main data set that provides scientists wi...
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This study investigates the seasonality of near‐surface wind speeds associated with extratropical cyclones (ETCs) over northeastern North America using a global reanalysis data set during 1979–2020. As opposed to most studies that emphasize winter storms, ETCs during the fall exhibit significantly stronger 10‐m winds over this region due to the sli...
Research Proposal
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Vagaries of North America Monsoon
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Hobbes’s and Locke’s ‘state of nature’ are fundamentally different in both substance and implication. Hobbes presents the state of nature as a perpetual war of all against all, informed by an inherently cynical view of man’s natural sociability and inclination to form political societies. This juxtaposes Locke’s state of nature which has been descr...
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Vast quantities of literature regarding the applications of exercise therapy for sarcopenia have been published. The main objective of this study is to determine the top 100 most-cited articles and analyze their bibliometric characteristics. This study reports a bibliometric analysis via a systematic search of the academic literature regarding the...
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For almost two decades, since obtaining independence, Fiji has been viewed as an example of perfect and successful operating democracy. There had been many internationally recognised indicators proving the effectiveness of this political system, both for security and economic prosperity. Then, everything collapsed. While the explanation for the con...
Research Proposal
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Heat low and its influence on North America Monsoon
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Roadsides can be vectors for tree invasion within rangelands by bisecting landscapes and facilitating propagule spread to interior habitat. Current invasive tree management in North America’s Great Plains focuses on reducing on-site (i.e., interior habitat) vulnerability through on-site prevention and eradication, but invasive tree management of su...
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As a result of a field trip in 1980 to the monsoonal wetland of the Keoladeo National Park, India, which was organized by Dr. Brij Gopal, a study of the vegetation dynamics of this wetland was initiated. The original hypothesis for this study was that the seasonal vegetation changes caused by the annual summer monsoon was a compressed habitat cycle...
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The early evolution of thyreophoran dinosaurs is thought to have occurred primarily in northern continents since most evidence comes from the Lower and Middle Jurassic of Europe and North America. The diversification into stegosaurs and ankylosaurs is obscured by a patchy fossil record comprising only a handful of fragmentary fossils, most with unc...
Conference Paper
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Indoor airborne microorganism's transmission can be effectively mitigated using an induct ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) system and adequate ventilation. However, quantifying the impacts of ventilation conditions (air temperature, velocity and humidity) on its inactivation performance is not clear, resulting in the uncertainties of a UVG...
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The ability of a suite of models contributing to the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6) to simulate observed large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns over the Pacific Northwest of North America is evaluated. Twelve representative patterns of 500-hPa geopotential height (Z500) anomalies are identified using the self...
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As the climate changes, warmer spring temperatures are causing earlier leaf-out1–3 and commencement of CO2 uptake1,3 in temperate deciduous forests, resulting in a tendency towards increased growing season length3 and annual CO2 uptake1,3–7. However, less is known about how spring temperatures affect tree stem growth8,9, which sequesters carbon in...
Conference Paper
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Following a reconnaissance level survey of blister rust infection in the Canadian Rockies, Parks Canada started a conservation program for whitebark pine in 1998. With the recognition that fire suppression had reduced the amount of available early seral subalpine forest in the Parks system, the initial action was to assess the use of prescribed fir...
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Is it possible to measure the green performance of the manufacturing sector? Which world regions are doing better in terms of green industrialization? This paper develops a novel methodology to respond to these questions by improving the green industrial performance (GIP) index through the refinement and expansion of the green product list that lie...
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ABSTRACT.—Within the Great Plains region of North America, oxbow wetlands were lost as streams were channelized and straightened to allow for agricultural use of the landscape. Topeka Shiner, which rely on these oxbow wetlands, have declined in abundance, currently occupy 20% of their historical geographic range, and are now an endangered species....
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The genus Cottus contains more than 60 species that are common in freshwater bodies of northern Eurasia and North America. Despite the abundance of species, this genus has been insufficiently studied in Eastern European rivers and lakes. The new taxon Cottus cyclophthalmus sp. nov. was found in the Neman/Nemunas and Venta river systems (Baltic Sea...
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Purpose of Review: Fire and insects are major disturbances in North American forests. We reviewed literature on the effects of fire on bark beetles, defoliators, and pollinators, as well as on the effects of bark beetle and defoliator epidemics on fuels and wildfires. Recent Findings: Fire has direct and indirect effects on insects, but our unders...
Research Proposal
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How did North American Monsoon affect since 1880
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Low fertility is set to worsen economic problems in many developed countries, and maternity, paternity, and parental leave have emerged as key pro-natal policies. Gender inequity in the balance of domestic and formal work has been identified as a key driver of low fertility, and leave can potentially equalise this balance and thereby promote fertil...
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Cities are hotbeds for the outbreak and spread of infectious diseases. In the process of urban development, frequent interpersonal interactions are conducive to the spread of viruses. After the outbreak of COVID-19 in Wuhan, China in 2019, it quickly spread to Europe, North America, and Asia. This paper collects data on the number of COVID-19-infec...
Conference Paper
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Partially grouted reinforced masonry shear walls (PG-RMSWs) have emerged as an efficient and economic seismic force-resisting system in North America. Unlike fully grouted reinforced masonry shear walls (FG-RMSWs), where all masonry cells are grouted, in the PG-RMSWs system, grout is only placed in cells with vertical reinforcement and horizontally...
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Objective An earlier follow-up study from the CogEx rehabilitation trial showed little change in symptoms of depression, anxiety and psychological distress during the first COVID-19 lockdown compared to pre-pandemic measurements. Here, we provide a second follow-up set of behavioral data on the CogEx sample. Methods This was an ancillary, longitud...
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Purpose Functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) has been shown to be associated with increased morbidity and mortality in several clinical conditions, including heart failure (HF) with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction as well as pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We have designed a study aiming at: characterizing the echocardiographi...
Research Proposal
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Unraveling the mysteries of successes and failures of North America Monsoon
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Purpose of Review To summarize the current state of liver transplant (LT) for unresectable colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) and share our institutional experience. Recent Findings SECA I and II trials showed a 5-year overall survival (OS) after LT for unresectable CRLM of 60% and 83%, respectively. The recurrence was high, with a 3-year disease-...
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Weed control relies mainly on integrated control methods of preventive, agricultural and chemical methods. On pasture lands, however, the chemical methods of spraying pesticides in large area is expensive, has negative consequences on ground water, on environment and on health in general. A safer and more cost effective alternative is biocontrol of...
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Lake charr (Salvelinus namaycush), one of the most widely distributed freshwater species in northern North America (currently in about 5200 lakes), evolved as a distinct species more than 3 M years ago in the Pliocene era. It then further diversified and adapted to the extremely harsh conditions throughout the repeated glacial cycles of the Pleisto...
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This paper evaluates the potential responses of international labor mobility to the recent COVID-19 health shocks, using a New Economic Geography model inspired by recent events in Central and North America. The model suggests that the restraining impact of COVID-19 on migratory flows may retain potential emigrants in Mexico and Central America, en...
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Aims The aim was to assess the current literature investigating health activism within nursing practice. Design This was a scoping review of the literature utilizing the updated Levac et al.’s framework. Data Source/Review Methods A search of the CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and Allied Health databases was conducted for peer‐reviewed, English research...
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Studies that consider all dimensions of sustainable development (well-being of communities, protection of natural environment, and the competitive economy) are scarce. The main objective of this paper is to evaluate relationships between socio-eco-financial inputs and outputs and investigate high-tech companies' dynamic efficiency. Relationships we...
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Objectives: The aim was to systematically review and synthesise international evidence on changes in health risk behaviours by immigrants’ duration of residence. Methods: We searched literature databases for peer-reviewed quantitative studies published from 2000 to 2019, examining alcohol, drug and tobacco use; physical inactivity; and dietary habi...
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Purpose of Review West Nile virus (WNV) is an arbovirus transmitted by mosquitos of the genus Culex. Manifestations of WNV infection range from asymptomatic to devastating neuroinvasive disease leading to flaccid paralysis and death. This review examines WNV epidemiology and ecology, with an emphasis on travel-associated infection. Recent Findings...
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Mummy berry, caused by Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi, is the most important disease of the northern highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) in North America and can cause up to 70% yield losses in affected fields. A key event in the mummy berry disease cycle is the primary infection phase where ascospores are released by apothecia that infect e...
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Background More complex cases are being performed robotically. This study aims to characterize trends in robotic pancreatoduodenectomy (RPD) over time and assess opportunities for advanced trainees. Methods Using the ACS-NSQIP database from 2014 to 2019, PD cases were characterized by operative approach (open-OPN, laparoscopic-LAP, robotic-ROB). P...
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Street harassment is a form of gendered violence that is a common experience for women around the world. This review article chronicles the early research on street harassment exploring terminology and definitions. It overviews research from North America that shows that street harassment exacts a heavy toll on women. When women share their experie...
Research Proposal
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Research and study on the mystery of the North African Monsoon.
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Longhorn beetles (Cerambycidae) are a diverse family of beetles that can cause considerable damage as forest pests and vectors of pathogens, as well as being important components of forest food webs and ecosystem functionality. In recent years, numerous cerambycid pheromones have been identified, revealing some broad general patterns in functionali...
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Saniwa is an extinct genus of varanid squamate from the Eocene of North America and Europe. Up to now, only one poorly known species, Saniwa orsmaelensis Dollo, 1923, has been reported from Europe. Diagnostic material was limited to vertebrae with only preliminary description and no figure provided, except of one dorsal vertebra that was designated...
Research Proposal
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Research and study on the mechanism of North America Monsoon.
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The present article formulates and dissects a single-species model with intraspecific cooperation and stochastic perturbations. Sufficient criteria for extinction and permanence are provided. In addition, the existence of a unique ergodic stationary distribution (UESD) is dissected, and the explicit form of the density function of the UESD is obtai...
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The University is the best place to promote scientific knowledge and research as well as service to the community. In Haiti, due to the weakness of state institutions, we are witnessing a trivialization of these institutions. To date, despite the official figure available showing 138 recognized universities, and without counting hundreds of others...