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Publications related to North Africa (10,000)
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Article
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The Atlas Leopard or Barbary Leopard (Panthera pardus panthera Schreber, 1777) from North Africa. By: Sharif Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Mohammad Ahmad Ahmad Mostafa Abdallah Mohammad Khalaf-Prinz Sakerfalke von Jaffa. Abstract: The Atlas Leopard, Barbary Leopard or North African Leopard (Panthera pardus panthera Schreber, 1777) from...
Article
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On February 19, 1945, a top officer in the British CID (Criminal Investigation Department in the mandatory Palestine police force) in Jerusalem relayed information to the MI5 (British security service) headquarters in London from a source "reliable but sensitive, with close ties with the Jewish Agency" on decisions reached at a secret meeting of it...
Article
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Background Inherited retinal dystrophies (IRD) and optic neuropathies (ION) are the two major causes world-wide of early visual impairment, frequently leading to legal blindness. These two groups of pathologies are highly heterogeneous and require combined clinical and molecular diagnoses to be securely identified. Exact epidemiological studies are...
Article
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Background Cockayne syndrome (CS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in ERCC6/CSB or ERCC8/CSA that participate in the transcription-coupled nucleotide excision repair (TC-NER) of UV-induced DNA damage. CS patients display a large heterogeneity of clinical symptoms and severities, the reason of which is not fully understood,...
Article
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Background Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare, autosomal, recessive DNA repair-deficiency disorder with a frequency of 1–3 per million livebirths in Europe and USA but with higher frequencies in isolated islands or in countries with a high level of consanguinity. XP is characterized by high incidence of skin cancers on sun-exposed sites. Recent i...
Article
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Introduction Tension-type headache (TTH) is the most prevalent neurological disorder. As there is a gap in the literature regarding the disease burden attributable to TTH in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, the aim of the present study was to report the epidemiological indicators of TTH in MENA, from 1990 to 2019, by sex, age and soc...
Article
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Background There is no region-specific publication investigating the attributable burden of breast cancer, particularly among females. This article reported the burden of female breast cancer in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, and its attributable risk factors between 1990 and 2019, by age, sex, and socio-demographic index (SDI). M...
Article
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Background The Saudi Food and Drug Authority (SFDA) requires marketing authorization holders to submit a PIL in both Arabic and English language. However, the readability of imprinted and disseminated Patient information leaflets (PILs) was not assessed extensively in Saudi Arabia. This study aims to assess the readability of PIL of antihypertensiv...
Article
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Dust accumulation on Photovoltaic (PV) panels is a severe threat that decreases the energy production of PV panels and therefore, lowers their efficiency especially in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Cleaning of the PV panels has always been a challenge for most of the countries in this region due to scarcity of water resources and...
Article
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The Illizi-Ghadames basin (located in Libya, southern Algeria and Tunisia), is one of the most prolific hydrocarbon regions in North Africa, and even though it has been intensely studied, the potential thermal effects of Cenozoic magmatic activity on the petroleum system are still debated. Here, the thermal history in a sector of the basin is inves...
Conference Paper
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Maghreb countries are strongly impacted by floods, causing twice as many deaths as in southern European countries in recent decades. However, due to the lack of data accessibility, there are no studies to analyze whether the frequency or intensity of floods are changing at the regional scale. In this work, a recent database of daily river discharge...
Article
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The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) countries are mainly developing countries with severe energy poverty. This study combines the entropy weight and the Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) method to measure energy poverty at the household, enterprise, and national levels in 82 BRI countries. This study aims to...
Article
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This assessment tends to evaluate the Egyptian crop basket around the Nile River, with a focus on their introduction history. A framework of growth forms, flowering time, sex forms, cultivation duration, propagation methods, economic values, and ecological benefits was used. A side from assessing were global phyto-geographic regions, continental di...
Preprint
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The Eastern North Atlantic (ENA) is a region dominated by pristine marine environment and subtropical marine boundary layer clouds. Under unperturbed atmospheric conditions, the regional aerosol regime at ENA varies seasonally due to different seasonal surface-ocean biogenic emissions, removal processes, and meteorological regimes. However, during...
Book
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Groundwater is the world’s largest source of fresh water, but its safe and sustainable exploitation remains a challenge. Egypt's Nile Valley aquifer is the most important renewable aquifer, accounting for approximately 85% of total groundwater use in Egypt. Egypt's long-term development and socioeconomic growth in the Nile Valley depends on this gr...
Article
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This article uses a “mystery client” approach and visits the websites of National Statistical Offices and international microdata libraries to assess whether foundational microdata sets for countries in the Middle East and North Africa region are collected, up to date, and made available to researchers. The focus is on population and economic censu...
Article
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Anvillea radiata is a medicinal plant that has been used in traditional phytotherapy in North Africa as a treatment for various illnesses. In this study, we aim to explore the antioxidant, antifungal, and antibacterial effects of essential oils of Anvillea radiata (EOAR) collected in Morocco. EOAR was extracted by the hydrodistillation method, and...
Article
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This study empirically tests whether there is evidence of convergence in ecological footprint among 189 countries for the period 1990–2017. Using the novel log (t) regression model that accommodates likely transitional heterogeneity in the panel, the results provide evidence for the divergence of ecological footprint (EF) for the world sample. A si...
Article
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The species richness of the Hydrobiidae in Morocco is one of the most diverse in North Africa. Ainiella zahredini gen. et sp.n. is a new valvatoid hydrobiid gastropod from Morocco; it can be distinguished from other Moroccan hydrobiids by the morphology of the shell and anatomical criteria. How to cite this article: Taybi A.F., Glöer P., Mabrouki Y...
Article
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Objectives This study aims to analyze the prevalence and spectrum of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations within the Middle East and North Africa region, compare the findings to other parts of the world, and explore the geographic disparities of EGFR mutations across the region. Methods We conducted a literature search using the terms...
Article
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Al Kufrah basin, which is a part of the huge trans-boundary Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System (NSAS) shared by Libya, Egypt, Sudan and Chad, is a major water resource in North Africa. The NSAS consists of a number of aquifers laterally and /or vertically interconnected, extending over more than 2 Â 10 6 km 2. In recent years, the demand in some areas...
Article
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In horses, demographic patterns are complex due to historical migrations and eventful breeding histories. Particularly puzzling is the ancestry of the North African horse, a founding horse breed, shaped by numerous influences throughout history. A genetic marker particularly suitable to investigate the paternal demographic history of populations is...
Article
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Efficient efficiency of energy resources has been shown to have positive effects on both GDP growth and GHG emissions. While the negative effects of climate change and pollution continue to worsen, there has been a global slowdown in the rate at which energy efficiency is improving. In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), carbon dioxide (CO2) e...
Article
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The freshwater blenny Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio, 1801) is a freshwater species that favors demersal environments. Individuals of this species live in rivers and brooks of Europe, North Africa and Israel. Three specimens of S. fluviatilis (TL 80.82 mm, 60.98 mm and 64.14 mm) collected from Kızılırmak River-Kesikköprü Bridge, Turkey during...
Article
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Maritime cultural heritage (MCH) resources are non-renewable; research frameworks and mitigation plans to study and address the threats to these are essential, particularly throughout the coastal Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. In Morocco, frameworks and plans addressing and incorporating MCH in the coastal zone have been recently estab...
Article
Full-text available
The freshwater blenny Salaria fluviatilis (Asso y del Rio, 1801) is a freshwater species that favors demersal environments. Individuals of this species live in rivers and brooks of Europe, North Africa and Israel. Three specimens of S. fluviatilis (TL 80.82 mm, 60.98 mm and 64.14 mm) collected from Kızılırmak River – Kesikköprü Bridge, Turkey durin...
Article
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Date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is considered as one of the oldest cultivated plants of humankind and used as food for 6000 years. It is mostly cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Date fruit is the ancient crops in Southwest Asia and North Africa, and can also be grown in Australia, Mexico, South America, S...
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Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most prevalent cancer among men worldwide. This study presents estimates of PCa prevalence, incidence, death, years-of-life-lost (YLLs), years-lived-with-disability (YLDs), disability-adjusted-life-years (DALYs), and the burden attributable to smoking during 1990-2019 in North Africa and Middle East...
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We aim through this study shed light on a sensitive phenomena experienced by the youth of Algeria in particular, and the youth of North Africa in general that is the phenomenon of clandestine immigration (Harragas) caused hundreds of dead victim, thousands of detainees and missing. This study aimed to investigate the mental organization and the qua...
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This paper examines the complex causal relationship between globalization, governance and development in African countries using a comparative approach. The sample comprises 51 countries in five groups over the period 1996–2018. The cointegration analysis shows that there is a long-run relationship between globalization, governance and human develo...
Article
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Abstract During the Miocene (23.0 to 5.3 Ma) North Africa experienced both humid and arid intervals, but the underlying cause of these transitions is unknown. Earth’s climate was characterised by a unipolar icehouse with a dynamic Antarctic ice sheet, which may have influenced regional hydrology through atmospheric teleconnections. However, the Mi...
Article
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Background: The analysis of the clinical and radiological characteristics of COVID-19 patients around the world observed a rich semiology, different from one country to another, and within the same country. Aim: To analyze the clinical, computed tomography (CT) features, and the outcome of patients suspected of COVID-19 hospitalized in a COVID-19 u...
Presentation
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This study aims to use the regional climate model (RegCM4) to examine the influence of climate change on potential evapotranspiration (PET) of Egypt under two future scenarios. To address such a topic, the calculated PET is first corrected in the historical period with respect to the long-term gridded PET data (Climate Research Unit; CRU) using a l...
Article
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Background/significance Salmonella gastroenteritis causes significant morbidity among pediatric patients, mainly in developing world, such as the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Concurrently, data from MENA countries like Iran, regarding prevalence of Salmonella serotypes, antimicrobial susceptibility, and biofilm production is scarce....
Presentation
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To a greater extent, the spate of uprising in North Africa and the middle East could be deemed successful at least if the end goal was increased democracy and cultural freedom. In fact, for many countries enveloped by the revolts of the Arab Spring, the period since has been hallmarked by increased instability and oppression. It began in response t...
Article
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The odonates of Algeria have been studied for more than a century and a half, but the Northwestern part of the country has historically received little attention. A recent study in central North Algeria reported a species new to the country, suggesting that new investigations in unexplored areas are necessary to fully understand the local odonatofa...
Article
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In this study, the aerosol optical depth (AOD) from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Collection 6.1 (C6.1) product was compared with ground-based measurements at five sites of the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) in North Africa. The MODIS AOD showed a good correlation coefficient of ~0.78, a very small mean bias error of...
Article
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The archaeology and heritage of South Sinai is rich and varied. Most research to date has focused on the High Mountains, specifically the area around the famous St Catherine’s Monastery, placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2002 (Saint Catherine Area, World Heritage Site 954). Recently, the Sinai Peninsula Research and the Endangered Archaeo...
Article
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For millennia, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has been a culturally dynamic zone, bounded by maritime societies dependent on the sea for communication, trade and livelihoods. The archaeological evidence of these past societies represents an extraordinary physical legacy of human endeavour and presence across this region, contributin...
Article
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The archaeology and heritage of South Sinai is rich and varied. Most research to date has focused on the High Mountains, specifically the area around the famous St Catherine’s Monastery, placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2002 (Saint Catherine Area, World Heritage Site 954). Recently, the Sinai Peninsula Research and the Endangered Archaeo...
Preprint
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Global climate models with coarse horizontal resolution are largely unable to reproduce the monsoonal precipitation pattern over North Africa during the mid-Holocene. Here we present the first regional, storm-resolving simulations with an idealized but reasonable mid-Holocene vegetation cover. In these simulations, the West African monsoon expand f...
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The European Spongy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.) (Lepidoptera: Erebidae), is an abundant species found in oak woods in Central and Southern Europe, the Near East, and North Africa and is an important economic pest. It is a voracious eater and can completely defoliate entire trees; repeated severe defoliation can add to other stresses, such as weathe...
Article
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Countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) have been facing serious environmental issues due to over-exploitation of natural resources. This paper analyzes the ecological footprint as a proxy of environmental degradation and determines its influencing factors in 18 MENA countries during 2000–2016. Despite the many studies on the relations...
Article
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Les costes S i SE de Menorca són espais susceptibles de rebre l'impacte dels tsunamis generats al N d'Àfrica. Els efectes es manifesten amb la presència de blocs sobre els seus penya-segats. En aquest treball es descriuen i ana-litzen blocs de tsunami a les costes rocoses del S de Menorca, a Binidalí. Es tracta de 17 blocs que es troben a una altit...
Article
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Background Child undernutrition is a severe health problem in the developing world, which affects children’s development in the long term. This study analyses the extent and patterns of under-five child undernutrition using Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) for 73 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Methods First, we mapped the prevalence...
Article
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OXA-48-type ß-lactamases are the most prevalent carbapenemase-type in Enterobacterales in Switzerland, predominantly found in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae . Bacteria-producing OXA-48-type enzymes are endemic in some parts of the world, including Europe and North Africa, and are a frequent cause of nosocomial infections. Despite the em...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of financial performance (FP) and governance on the accounting and auditing organization for Islamic financial institutions (AAOIFI) disclosure for the Islamic banks. Design/methodology/approach The authors used the generalized least squares (GLS) estimation for 47 MENASA (Middle East,...
Article
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As one of the oldest fruit trees of the Arabian peninsula, other Middle-Eastern countries, and also North Africa, the date palm ( Phoenix dactylifera L.), is highly significant for the economy of the region. Listed as part of UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, the date palm is believed to be the first tree cultivated by human beings...
Preprint
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Over the past few years, total financial investment in the agricultural sector has increased substantially. Palm tree is important for many countries' economies, particularly in northern Africa and the Middle East. Monitoring in terms of detection and counting palm trees provides useful information for various stakeholders; it helps in yield estima...
Article
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Bothriogenys is an endemic African anthracothere (Mammalia, Artiodactyla), which was first documented at the beginning of the last century by Schmidt in 1913. It is one of the most common genera and species that were unearthed from Early Oligo-cene deposits of North Africa, like those of the Fayum Depression, Egypt. It has been thought that the gen...
Article
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Mitochondrial cytopathies, among which the Leigh syndrome (LS), are caused by variants either in the mitochondrial or the nuclear genome, affecting the oxidative phosphorylation process. The aim of the present study consisted in defining the molecular diagnosis of a group of Tunisian patients with LS. Six children, belonging to five Tunisian famili...
Article
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Background: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are the standard of care for resectable and metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harbouring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations (EGFRm). We describe the real-world practice of EGFRm testing, prevalence, treatment and outcomes in EGFRm stage III NSCLC from a multi-country, observa...
Article
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This study examines the effect of some economic and non-economic factors on corruption. It tests a number of hypotheses formulated around the impact of specific dimensions on increasing or reducing corruption in the Middle East and North Africa Region over a time series from 2008 to 2018. The objective of this study is to illuminate the impact of s...
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Objective: Spontaneous abortion is one of the most common problems which a woman may encounter during her pregnancy which is one of the most important causes of maternal death. Therefore, the aim of this study was to report the epidemiological features of spontaneous abortion in North Africa and the Middle East (NAME) countries. Materials and metho...
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The main objective of this paper is to investigate determinants of non-performing loans in the Middle East and North Africa region by exploring the role of bank-specific and macroeconomic factors, particularly in the period of the global financial crisis, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic, as a health crisis that translates to an economic crisis. Th...
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Scholars and practitioners have been striving to develop straightforward and effective tools to measure protected area management effectiveness (PAME). UNESCO Biosphere Reserves (BR), with their unique functional and zonation schemes are monitored according to their compulsory 10-year Periodic Review (PR), which is useful for UNESCO's evaluation pu...
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Based on contemporary international business (IB) literature, we investigate the relationship between the net FDI inflows and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, in order to identify the real impact that foreign direct investment (FDI) has on sustainable development. Using selected World Development Indicators (WDI) over the years 1960-2015, this resea...
Book
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This book explores the complex relationship between societies, architecture and urbanism of market halls, traditional souqs, bazaars, and Speciality Street markets in the Middle East and North Africa. It addresses how these trading environments influence perceptions of place and play an extended social, political and religious role while adapting t...
Article
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Armed conflicts create major complications for the affected nations and cannot beeasily accounted or determined. These may include immediate effects manifested in highrates of mortality, injury, and the predicament of millions of refugees and internallydisplaced peoples, as well as major destruction of healthcare services and disseminationand emerg...
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Over 10,000 published detrital zircon ages have been reprocessed (applying a +10% normal and reverse concordance range) and analysed to understand the evolution of the detrital zircon record of North‐West Africa during the Phanerozoic. Using dissimilarity and clustering analysis, shifts in detrital zircon populations allow interpretation of the evo...
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A growing number of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients in Israel do not have a single country of origin for all four grandparents. We aimed to predict the Mediterranean fever gene (MEFV) variant most likely to be found for an individual FMF patient, by a machine learning approach. This study was conducted at the Sheba Medical Center, a ref...