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Nonviolence - Science topic

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Publications related to Nonviolence (7,017)
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Motivation greatly impacts sporting activities. The paper examines the impact of effective communication skills within the team on the development of athletes’ motivation when it comes to their professional development, as well as motivation’s impact on the development of sports skills. The study was conducted among 150 track and field students fro...
Book
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A groundbreaking account of how prolonged grassroots mobilization lays the foundations for durable democratization When protests swept through the Middle East at the height of the Arab Spring, the world appeared to be on the verge of a wave of democratization. Yet with the failure of many of these uprisings, it has become clearer than ever that the...
Article
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It is well-documented that patients’ religious characteristics may affect their health and health care experiences, correlating with better health and psychological well-being. Likewise, health care providers are impacted by religious characteristics that affect their attitudes and behaviors in a clinical setting. However, few of these studies exam...
Article
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Pacifism is a complex and significant moral, political, religious, and philosophical idea. There is an evolving conversation about peace and nonviolence that occurs among secular scholars, religious figures, and activists. This paper explores this conversation, while employing a five-part thematic frame of analysis that attempts to distinguish secu...
Conference Paper
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Recent years, marked by the pandemic, have brought several new possibilities in communication between organizations and customers, especially in the online environment. Modern digital technologies make it possible to create new communication platforms that organizations use to their advantage or contribute to creating a competitive advantage. More...
Article
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When examining the history of religions and dominant religious narratives, institutions, cultures, ideologies, and practices in the contemporary world, one is tempted to conclude that religion is more of the problem in relating to diverse issues of war and peace. Dominant religions and religious cultures seem overwhelmingly to be causes, express sy...
Article
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This study aimed to develop and examine the effects of a nonviolent communication empathy education program, based on a cyclical empathy model of self-esteem, empathic ability, interpersonal relationships, and communication competency for nursing students. Participants were first-grade nursing students from two different colleges in Korea. There we...
Article
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Our current economic and political structures have an increasingly devastating impact on the Earth's climate and ecosystems: we are facing a biospheric emergency, with catastrophic consequences for both humans and the natural world on which we depend. Life scientists-including biologists, medical scientists, psychologists and public health experts-...
Article
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The 153rd Anniversary of the birth of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is as much a cause for celebration as for reflection on the future of this globe we inhabit. The global spurt in the incidence of violence, intolerance, and hatred in the twenty-first century has given rise to vast cultural and moral chaos. This phenomenon has its roots in the sad dem...
Article
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Intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant women adversely impacts women’s and infants’ health. This study aims to provide longitudinal evidence regarding how pregnant women’s exposure to IPV changes over time. Additionally, we examine the risk and protective factors associated with these changes. In total, 340 pregnant women were recruited f...
Article
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Corporal punishment is a common means of disciplining children in Bahamian homes. Previous studies in The Bahamas have linked the justification for its use with religious beliefs. An Internet survey employing a snowball sampling method resulted in 1,570 persons participating in a study designed to focus on the association between biblical influence...
Article
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Opioids and drug overdoses have claimed more than 750 000 American lives since the late 1990s. Overdoses since the mid-2010s have risen dramatically, due to synthetic opioids such as fentanyl whose lethality is disproportionately greater than street drugs of earlier decades. Until recently, most police and other first responders lacked resources be...
Article
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Exposure to family conflict during childhood increases risk for the development of anxiety and mood problems, though the potential for bidirectionality in this association remains unknown. It is also unclear whether nonviolent family conflict is related to children’s anxious- and withdrawn-depressive symptoms within high-risk family contexts, indep...
Article
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This paper examined whether risk factors commonly associated with intimate partner violence (IPV) are associated with female-perpetrated physical IPV and female physical IPV victimization among young Hispanic women. It also examined how emotion dysregulation, impulsivity, and attachment style exacerbated these relationships. Furthermore, it investi...
Article
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A number of theories have been proposed about male-character violence in society. One of such is the culture of violence theory. The idea behind this theory is that in pluralist societies, some cultures are that galvanize norms that allow the use of physical violence. In some other cultures where this is not pronounced, it could be implied. The pap...
Presentation
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The International Republican Institute (IRI) FOR BURMA The International Republican Institute (IRI) was founded as one of the core institutes of the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), with a mission to advance democracy worldwide. Since our founding in 1983, in over 100 countries, IRI has been working to strengthen civil society, political par...
Technical Report
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Nonviolent action is a powerful tool for peacebuilding, through which ordinary people can shift power to advance peace with justice. “External Support for Nonviolent Action” examines how international actors can most impactfully assist locally led nonviolent-action campaigns, with the aim of respecting local autonomy and following a do-no-harm appr...
Article
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The irresistible social media revolution is taking the world into its hands. Political regimes were replaced; military secrets sold in the streets; governments were commanded and societies undergo a total change in culture and practices. In the domain of politics and democracy, the new social media enhance participation capacities and reinforce pol...
Article
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This article provides a chronological analysis of the Oromo social movements that have contributed to the recent major political changes in Ethiopia. It draws on theories of nonviolent social movements, political defiance, and the transition approach of democratization in analyzing the chain of event that led to political changes in early 2018. Thi...
Article
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With Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell announcing his latest interest rate decision, the dream of a “nonviolent rate hike” on the US dollar has been shattered once again. Consumption and investment were hit by steep increases in interest rates, the stock market plummeted, and the threat of economic stagnation became inevitable.
Article
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What I would like to suggest through this paper is the understanding there is a relational intelligence that underpins our ability to flourish and that this suggests a participatory and evolutionary vision of reality and human existence in which individuality and generative creativity can be understood as essential elements of an evolutionary proce...
Article
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Despite decades of writings on Gandhi's moral and political thought, some of Gandhi's philosophical moral concepts are still not theoretically articulated. One such concept is Gandhi's idea of moral agency. I critically engage with some recent political-historical literature on Gandhi to extract philosophical discussions in the vicinity of moral ag...
Article
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Recidivism risk assessment has played an essential role in the criminal justice system for many years. Various risk assessment tools have been developed and recali-brated over the years for the purpose. Two such instruments, the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG) and the Sex Offender Risk Appraisal Guide (SORAG), were both revised before being co...
Article
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Quantitative characterization of different entanglement detection criteria for bipartite systems is presented. We review the implication sequence of these criteria and then numerically estimate volume ratios between criteria nonviolating quantum states and all quantum states. The numerical approach is based on the hit-and-run algorithm, which is ap...
Article
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Social movement approaches have explored how protest movements transition into terrorist organizations. However, there has been little academic work examining potential causal mechanisms that drive the movement of individuals from nonviolent organizations to violent ones. This study uses priming theory to explain how nonviolent organizations can fu...
Thesis
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The present study was designed to find out the role of the Church towards advocating social justice in a community, with a limited scope of Babati town ward-Manyara region in Tanzania. The Problem which was identified in the study unveils that many Churches value evangelism much more than other roles, advocating social justice as a key part in the...
Article
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Why do ethnic minorities who have been cut out of power choose, in some contexts, to take up arms and, in other contexts, to take to the streets? This question might seem an obvious one to ask, and yet it has rarely been posed in quite these terms – in large part because ethnic politics research has concentrated far more on violent resistance than...
Article
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War is cruel. Its purpose is to cause suffering. American wars create survivors and victims who confront us with the penetrating gaze of those who demand justice. Their presence implores Americans to make ourselves responsible for the pain we have caused them. Meeting the obligation demanded of us by the millions of individuals we have caused to su...
Article
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Empathy as a human trait that gives the ability to understand, respect, and share the feelings of other people is one of the most important elements in building a secure society and a culture of peace and non-violence. The level of empathy in individuals is influenced by endogenous and exogenous factors, and it has an affective and cognitive dimens...
Article
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Lesotho faces political, economic, social, cultural, religious, institutional and interpersonal violence, a situation that prompted the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to introduce a peace-building education program. This indigenous auto-ethnography inquiry arose as the result of the investigator’s realisat...
Article
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It has been more than five decades since Ted Robert Gurr asked the question, “Why Men Rebel” (1970), in the most popular scholarly work of political rebellion and protest. The subsequent research often focused on grievances as the main motivation behind collective mobilization (Collier and Hoeffler 1998; Fearon and Laitin 2003). Yet the questions o...
Conference Paper
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Evaluation of the sustainable development goals should be the first task for education. It should be analyzed the correlation between basic values of the sustainable development and academic institutions, informational technologies, interrelation between state and private means of implementation of educational policy, based on sustainable developme...
Article
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Religious scriptures encourage the right action for every human being, whether they are followers of that religion or not. Although Buddhism and Islam explain the importance of the right action in a unique manner, the meetings of Buddhists and Muslims are most often portrayed as violent confrontations in the Modern world. The objective of this pape...
Preprint
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p> In recent years, the question of what form a revolutionary uprising will take — armed or unarmed — has been raised more and more often. This is because, as shown by numerous studies, revolutionary nonviolence can explain why the uprising failed or succeed to lead to democracy. In the recent decades the likelihood of revolution being nonviolent...
Article
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An analysis of decarceration. As the country moves towards reducing the amount of time spent in jail for nonserious, nonviolent crimes, it's important to understand why this shift is significant, and how we can do more for for those with felony charges (and lengthy prison sentences).
Research
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This brief focuses on influential factors for turning Comprehensive Peace Agreements (CPAs) into sustainable platforms for nonviolent social and political change following internal armed conflict. Taking an extensive look at peace processes involving CPAs, the authors recommend that accord negotiators anticipate implementation challenges and set pr...
Preprint
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Bribery is a specific form of corruption that assumes the voluntary giving of value for the purpose of influencing official duty for obtaining private benefits. According to the "sand the wheels" hypothesis, bribery is detrimental to economic development, investment and growth in the long run since it hinders fair competition and weakens the credib...
Article
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Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a growing concern in Nigeria and globally. Although women are at greater risk of IPV, men are also affected, but this is less reported. Aim: This study sought to determine the prevalence and pattern of IPV among the respondents and to compare the pattern of IPV among the male and female respondents....
Research
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When thinking of a crime that warrants the prison sentence of life without the possibility of parole or even death, such as crimes like felony murder, capital murder, rape, some drug crime, and other violent crimes that have been committed by an adult. However, there are instances where minor children as old as 14 are sentenced to the same thing fo...
Article
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Between 1460 and 1473, when the Muslim kingdom of Granada was the only one that remained to conquer to the Christians of the Iberian Peninsula to complete the Reconquest of their land, Lucas de Iranzo, an ennobled villain, governed Jaen –a city and region bordering Granada– in an absolute manner. A chronicle of the time, Relación de los fechos del...
Article
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The current study aimed to examine the development of generalized anxiety disorder symptoms and the influences of child-level factors (gender and temperament) and family-level factors (family socioeconomic status, marital satisfaction, parenting stress, and parent-child conflict resolution strategy) on the initial levels and changes of generalized...
Article
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Forecasting major political conflicts is a long-time interest in conflict research. However, the literature thus far has focused almost exclusively on armed conflicts such as civil wars. Attempts to forecast primarily unarmed conflicts have yet to identify a model able to forecast such uprisings with a high degree of accuracy. This thorny forecasti...
Article
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Perhaps the biggest disconnect between philosophers and non-philosophers on the question of gun rights is over the relevance of arms to our dignitary interests. This essay attempts to address this gap by arguing that we have a strong prima facie moral right to resist with dignity and that violence is sometimes our most or only dignified method of r...
Article
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What are similarities and differences between violent and nonviolent terrorist suspects? Our study aims to answer this question by comparing violent terrorist suspects (VTS) ( n = 57) to nonviolent terrorist suspects (NVTS) ( n = 292) in the Netherlands. Guided by social control theories and using register data from the Dutch Public Prosecution Ser...
Article
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Nonviolent resistance presents a complex theory and practice. Here are 10 ideas to orient you to the principal ideas.
Article
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Although aspects of sustainability in communication such as nonviolence are discussed from time to time, hardly any theoretical basement with an empirical validation can be found. In the broadest sense, sustainability refers to the ability to maintain or support a process continuously over time. This paper asks for the theoretical approach that hel...
Article
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Why have some nonviolent revolutions succeeded even with modest participation numbers, while others have failed despite massive mobilization? We develop an agent-based model that predicts the outcomes of three well-known activism strategies. The first rapidly recruits a wide number of activists, which overwhelms the opponent’s support network and e...
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The article examines Marshall Rosenberg’s nonviolent communication and conflict mediation with the aim to situate Rosenberg’s approach within conflict transformation approaches and how his strategy offers practical tools for mediating diverse forms of conflictual moral questions in the ecclesial context. The study engaged in a descriptive and criti...
Article
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While scholars of nonviolent resistance recognize that large-scale campaigns are more likely to be successful campaigns, we currently have little understanding of why some nonviolent protests grow into mass movements while others do not. In this article, we explore campaign size and, in particular, the role of individual and collective motives in f...
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Mahatma Gandhi served as the leader of the nonviolent liberation movements in South Africa and India against British rule. He was also an advocate for the civil rights of Indians. Gandhi, an Indian citizen who was born in Porbandar, got a law education and participated in boycotts of British institutions as a nonviolent form of civil disobedience....
Presentation
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Cumulative childhood maltreatment (CCM; cooccurrence of different types of maltreatment) is associated with negative effects on intimate relationships in adulthood (Godbout et al., 2017), and appears to particularly impede survivors’ ability to maintain healthy and nonviolent intimate relationships (Brassard et al., 2019). Relatedness, which is the...
Article
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Why did the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) pursue a nonviolent, collaborative, and parliamentary path to power? How did it secure major electoral successes? The answers to both queries have much to do with the PKI's adaptation of Maoism. Although scholars recognize that Maoism was influential on PKI theory and praxis, they have hitherto underev...
Article
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The characterisation of Derrida’s politics as a seeking for the “lesser violence” has become an almost paradigmatic interpretation. Yet the phrase la moindre violence appears only in the early essay “Violence and Metaphysics” and its meaning is not as straightforward as might initially seem. I will argue that it is a mistake to take this expression...
Article
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Although many researchers, practitioners, and policymakers are concerned about identifying and characterizing online posting patterns of violent extremists prior to their engagement in violence offline, little is empirically known about their online patterns generally or differences in their patterns compared to their non-violent counterpart partic...
Presentation
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This presentation concerns the development and cultural adaptation of an innovative and transdiagnostic socioemotional skills curriculum for use in the Rwandan context. The curriculum incorporated skills for emotional wellbeing (e.g., present moment awareness, cognitive defusion), which were largely inspired by a 3rd wave cognitive behavioural trad...
Article
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Divorce amongst married couples is a disturbing phenomenon amongst the Yoruba people of southern Nigeria. Unfortunately, the church in Yoruba land, which has focused much of its teachings on financial prosperity, has started facing the consequences of these lopsided teachings. Using a phenomenological approach, this study argues that the lack of se...
Article
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Introduction: Violence against women remains a major public health concern in African countries. We conducted a matched case-control study to identify risk factors for recurrent violent injuries among African women in The Gambia, a small West African country. Methods: During the 12-month study period, we recruited study participants from eight e...
Article
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Around the world, movements for justice or social change struggle with the question of whether to use nonviolent or violent protest strategies. While research suggests that nonviolent strategies may be more successful than violent ones, people's preferences and support for different strategies may depend on their specific role in the conflict. We t...
Article
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Introduction. The urgency of the problem is caused by the importance of formation of ability to non-violent interaction in students of socionomic (helping) sphere as the most important professional competence that assumes study of factors and conditions of its formation and development. The aim of the research is to identify the relationship betwee...
Article
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This article reviews the first twelve months of the civil disobedience movement in Myanmar following the 1 February 2021 coup d’état and its many dynamics and manifestations. Myanmar’s ‘Spring Revolution’ generated a shared sense of national unity—overcoming gender, ethnic, religious and class boundaries, but raising questions about the long-term s...
Article
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Pretendemos en este texto reflexionar sobre la necesidad de implementar nuevas metodologías en la docencia en el Grado de Educación Social, vinculándola con el método de incidentes críticos, combinando la acción teórica-reflexiva con la puesta en práctica de acciones concretas, al amparo de la perspectiva deontológica. Asimismo, reflexionamos sobre...
Article
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Proponemos un acercamiento a la profesión de la educación social a través de un análisis de nuestras sociedades, en el que no perdamos de vista las influencias globalizadoras de nuestras sociedades capitalistas y las connotaciones que se derivan de la mirada neoliberal que, sin lugar a dudas, tienen consecuencias para la profesión, las y los profes...
Article
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Most major nonviolent civil resistance campaigns target autocratic regimes. Yet, most dictators are toppled by their close supporters, not civilian protesters. Building on theories of strategic interactions between leaders, security agents, and protesters, we make three core claims: first, protesters are relatively less likely to mount a major nonv...
Article
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Purpose: Violent subjects were demonstrated to exhibit abnormal brain structures; however, the brain changes may be different between criminals committing affective (VA), predatory violence (VP), and non-violence (NV). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the differences in brain structures and psychological characteristics between...
Article
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Purpose Although alcohol-related intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem, the mechanisms underlying this association are poorly understood. For instance, prior research has shown differences in distressed violent (DV) and distressed nonviolent (DNV) couples’ demand/withdraw communication and the extent to which they becom...
Article
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السلم المجتمعي يعبر عن الموقف العاطفي المشترك بين المواطنين وهو الذي يدفعهم إلى الإحساس بالاستقرار الاجتماعي وبأن ما يوحدهم (الهوية والتاريخ والمصير والوطن) أكبر مما يفرق بينهم، وقد يكون تحقيق ذلك أفضل من خلال نهج الوصول إلى الأسباب الأساسية ، أولها التواصل الاجتماعي المعقول ، ومن ثم العدالة الاجتماعية الفعلية وهي ضامن التواصل الذي يعني في النهاية...
Article
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This paper examines Salvadoran Archbishop Oscar Romero’s understanding of and response to violence during his episcopal ministry. It proposes that Romero’s ministry draws from and brings closer together two apparently disparate approaches that Christians have enlisted across history in response to violence: the pacifist and just war traditions. The...
Article
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The paper examines the ontological and normative origins of the "Two schools under one roof" (existing for decades but negligibly elaborated) and parallel academic segregation; the multidisciplinary approach to the educational framework- legislation, future sociopolitical relations, critical peace, and the youth's psychosocial well-being. This pape...
Article
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Current forms of parent training for childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are often insufficient. Many families drop out of the training, and treatment gains are often not maintained. Nonviolent resistance parent training (NVR) focuses on helping parents resist the child's negative behaviors without escalating the problem. NVR...
Article
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As we planned this special issue, the world was in the midst of a pandemic, one which brought into sharp focus many of the pre‐existing economic, social, and climate crises, as well as, trends of widening economic and social inequalities. The pandemic also brought to the forefront an epistemic crisis that continues to decentre certain knowledges wh...
Article
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One of four brief essays for The Visual Commentary on Scripture, published by the Theology and Religious Studies Department, King’s College, London (https://thevcs.org/) about the parable of the Wicked Husbandmen and three representations of it in visual art: • “A nonviolent battle for justice”: Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Seventh Station: The Land Que...
Article
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The COVID-19 global pandemic necessitated adequate compliance to safe and effective vaccinations developed against the disease. Vaccination reduces high infection, morbidity, and mortality rates, develops herd immunity, and alleviates overburdened healthcare systems and massive economic costs. COVID-19 also raised awareness about the importance of...
Article
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The present study investigated the joint impact of co-occupants and codefendants criminal behavior on adolescent criminal behavior using official Dutch police records. Co-occupant and co-defendant criminal behavior were used as proxies for family and peer criminal behavior, respectively. Data spanning 8 years (2010–2017) were analyzed from 56,802 a...
Chapter
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The objective of this work was to identify manifestations of nonviolent resistance in the craft practice performed by Iku indigenous women. The Iku knitted mochila as a craft is interpreted as a process, practice, and as an object. This article proposes a diverse epistemological approach since it is nurtured by written knowledge that comes from the...
Poster
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Certified Peace Educator & messenger through attending the Training that covering the 6th main principles of peace education : That includes nonviolence, conflict resolution techniques, democracy, disarmament, gender equality, human rights, environmental responsibility, history, communication skills, coexistence, and international understanding and...
Article
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Nonviolence is an important element of sustainability for three main reasons. One is that nonviolent actions, including Australia’s Franklin River campaign, anti-nuclear blockades at Roxby Downs and Jabiluka, northern NSW old-growth forest blockades, and climate actions against coal seam gas and coal extraction, have long been effectively used by e...
Article
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Regular video game playing has been linked with obesity, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Drawing on evolutionary life history theory, we hypothesized that playing violent video games, through activating the stress response, might increase the immediate demand for fuel by muscle and brain tissue, resulting in elevated appetite and food...
Article
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The end of the Cold War fundamentally reshaped a new liberal world order characterized by internationalism, democratic liberalism, and eco- nomic neoliberalism. The Cold War period also, however, unprecedent- edly witnessed the explosion of violent conflicts and civil wars in developing countries, especially in Eastern Europe, South America, Africa...
Thesis
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This thesis offers a new consideration of peace processes that engage with the needs and challenges of marginalized, racialized populations living through urban violence in the expanding peripheries of the postcolonial world. The research draws on the perspectives of favela community leaders, educators and activists on the challenges to their work...
Article
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The fear of riots has long loomed large in the public imagination. This fear is, at least partly, justified. Riots can present unique challenges both in the harm that they can cause and the government's ability to control them. However, from the American colonies to the Civil Rights era, there is also a history of members of largely non-violent soc...
Article
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Peace psychology seeks to develop theories and practices aimed at the prevention and mitigation of direct and structural violence. Framed positively, peace psychology promotes the nonviolent management of conflict and the pursuit of social justice, what we refer to as peacemaking and peace building, respectively. I suggest that peace can be facilit...
Book
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How do states coerce citizens into compliance while simultaneously minimizing backlash? In Outsourcing Repression, Lynette H. Ong examines how the Chinese state engages nonstate actors, from violent street gangsters to nonviolent grassroots brokers, to coerce and mobilize the masses for state pursuits, while reducing costs and minimizing resistance...
Article
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Sudan experienced a nationwide nonviolent revolution between December 2018 and July 2019, which has remained underrepresented in communication studies literature. This study employs empirical data from personal interviews with Sudanese activists as well as a theoretical framework of social movements based on media ecologies. The study’s theoretical...
Article
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This article puts three discourses about resistance and violence, coming from two distinct settler colonial contexts, in conversation, to highlight a distinctive theory of change associated with contemporary Indigenous movements. The first, from South Africa, can be seen in the writings of Nelson Mandela. It offers a dialectical view of resistance,...
Article
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This study explores the experiences of othering and violence in school. Ethnographic fieldwork was conducted in five schools located in the fragile setting of Nepal for over six months. Using the idea of othering, this study unveils that the academically low performers and culturally undervalued students are more likely to be labelled as Bhuskul, t...
Article
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In South Korea, in 2019, approximately 45.5% of newly-graduated nurses quit their jobs within one year of employment. To better understand the adjustment to nursing practice upon graduation, we developed an online communication skills training program based on nonviolent communication and evaluated its effectiveness. A quasi-experimental design was...
Chapter
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Human beings are social animals and communication between humans is an inevitable component of human life. In a formal school setup, the routine interpersonal interactions in classrooms form the building block of the teacher-student relationships. Strong healthy interpersonal relationships between students and teachers necessitate skills that revol...
Article
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There is an ongoing need for researchers, practitioners, and policymakers to detect and assess online posting behaviors of violent extremists prior to their engagement in violence offline, but little is empirically known about their online behaviors generally or the differences in their behaviors compared with nonviolent extremists who share simila...
Article
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This article contributes to the debate about the future of just war thinking, which has been challenged by the emerging school of just peace. Just peace thinkers hope that by foregrounding nonviolent means just war reasoning will become obsolete. Recently, the German Catholic Bishops have argued that the traditional understanding of just war contri...
Preprint
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