Science topic

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma - Science topic

Malignant lymphoma composed of large B lymphoid cells whose nuclear size can exceed normal macrophage nuclei, or more than twice the size of a normal lymphocyte. The pattern is predominantly diffuse. Most of these lymphomas represent the malignant counterpart of B-lymphocytes at midstage in the process of differentiation.
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Publications related to Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (10,000)
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Article
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Modulation of commensal gut microbiota is increasingly recognized as a promising strategy to reduce mortality in patients with malignant diseases, but monitoring for dysbiosis is generally not routine clinical practice due to equipment, expertise and funding required for sequencing analysis. A low-threshold alternative is microbial diversity profil...
Article
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Background Sjögren Syndrome (SS) is a systemic autoimmune disease with a wide spectrum of manifestations that can lead to misdiagnosis. This study describes and compares demographic, clinical, serological, and histopathological data from subjects with SS and non-Sjögren Syndrome (NSS). It also details specific features within the primary SS (pSS) a...
Article
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Background Ocular adnexal B-cell lymphoma (OABL) is a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The molecular characteristics of OABL remain poorly understood. We performed an integrated study to investigate the proteotranscriptome landscape and identify novel molecular characteristics and biomarkers of OABL. Methods Integrated quantitative proteome a...
Article
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Background Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare, highly heterogeneous type of B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The sumoylation pathway is known to be upregulated in many cancers including lymphoid malignancies. However, little is known about its oncogenic role in MCL. Methods Levels of sumoylation enzymes and sumoylated proteins were quantified in M...
Article
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Background Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an aggressive and molecularly heterogeneous non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The B cell receptor (BCR) signaling pathway in DLBCL emerges as a new drug target. Protein phosphatase SHP-1 negatively regulates several oncogenic tyrosine kinases and plays a tumor suppressive role. Methods The direct SHP-1 ago...
Article
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Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a subtype of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma characterized by poor prognosis. The complexity of MCL pathogenesis arises from aberrant activities of diverse signaling pathways, including BTK, PI3K–AKT–mTOR and MYC-BRD4. Here, we report that MCL-related signaling pathways can be altered by a single small molecule inhibitor, SRX33...
Article
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Primary choroidal lymphoma is a rare, slowly progressive intraocular malignancy. Most are low grade B cell lymphomas, often involving tissues adjacent to the choroid such as the subconjunctival space, lacrimal gland or orbit. Ideally, these lesions are biopsied to establish histopathological diagnosis. The most accessible ocular structure is biopsi...
Article
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Introduction: Chemotherapy may cause various nail damages, including chromonychia, melanonychia, onycholisis, and onychomadesis. Melanonychia is characterized by melanin-derived brown-to-black nail pigmentation. It may occur as a result of nail matrix melanocytic activation or melanocytic hyperplasia, and nail invasion by melanin-producing pathogen...
Article
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The number of non‐Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) survivors is increasing. With the advancement of NHL therapies, it is crucial to focus on the challenges these survivors may face. Three main categories are to be considered in NHL survivorship, including quality of life and uncertainty about the future, possible physical health complications (including card...
Conference Paper
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Introduction: L-asparaginase (L-asp) is an important therapy for children with acute lymphocytic leukaemia (ALL) and Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL). Mechanism of action is reduction of asparagine in blood, which deprives immature malignant cells of amino acids. We have established the first laboratory for determining L-asp activity in Croatia (Depart...
Article
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Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a type of central nervous system restricted non-Hodgkin lymphoma, whose histopathological diagnosis is majorly large B cell lymphoma. To provide specific, evidence-based recommendations for medical professionals and to promote more standardized, effective and safe treatment for patients with PCNSL,...
Article
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The safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of copanlisib were evaluated in this phase Ib/II study in Japanese patients with relapsed/refractory indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The primary endpoint was safety at the recommended dose; efficacy endpoints included objective response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival...
Article
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Disease Overview: Lymphomas, both Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas, are one of the most common cancers in the head and neck area. The extra-nodal variant of lymphoma is rare, but it is the most common non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (ENHL). Furthermore, it is difficult to diagnose due to its non-specific clinical and radiological features, which can mi...
Article
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Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is a slowly progressing B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by monoclonal IgM gammopathy in the blood and infiltration of the bone marrow by clonal lymphoplasmacytic cells. As an incurable disease, the goals for therapy for WM are to relieve symptoms, slow disease progression, prevent organ damage, and maint...
Article
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Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common pathological subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and is the most common type of adult lymphoma. Due to the poor prognosis of relapsed/refractory DLBCL, new drug targets and therapeutic methods are urgently needed. We investigated the expression of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and 3-mon...
Article
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The aim of this study was to investigate the antitumor efficacy of radiodynamic therapy (RDT) with a chlorin-based photosensitizer (PS) in an in vivo experiment. Material and Methods: The study was performed in 35 white outbred rats weighing 180±30 g. Subcutaneously transplanted Pliss lymphosarcoma (PLS) was used as tumor model. Chlorin-based PS «...
Article
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CD19CAR T cells facilitate a transformational treatment in various relapsed and refractory aggressive B-lineage cancers. In general, encouraging response rates have been observed in B-lineage-derived non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas treated with CD19CAR T cells. The major cause of death in heavily pretreated NHL patients is lymphoma progression and lymphoma...
Article
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The relationship between plasma EBV-DNA load (PEDL) and Epstein–Barr virus (EBV)-encoded small RNA (EBER) during the early treatment of lymphoma remains unclear. We explored discrepancies in PEDL and variables associated with EBER and evaluated the consistency between EBER and qualitative analysis of PEDL (qPEDL). Serial measurements of PEDL were p...
Article
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PurposeHypogammaglobulinemia in a context of lymphoma is usually considered as secondary and prior lymphoma remains an exclusion criterion for a common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) diagnosis. We hypothesized that lymphoma could be the revealing symptom of an underlying primary immunodeficiency (PID), challenging the distinction between primary...
Article
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Here we provide clinical evaluation of lymphadenopathy guided by the probability of the underlying disease to assist clinicians in establishing the proper cause and hence provide appropriate management. Both the case histories provided a common history of prolonged fever with generalized lymphadenopathy. Case 1 of adult man had additional feature o...
Article
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Objectives: Cancer-therapy-related heart failure (CTrHF) due to cardiotoxic drugs or radiation is a growing cause of end-stage heart failure. Limited knowledge is available concerning the use of continuous-flow left-ventricular-assist devices (cfLVAD) in this setting. Methods: The files of all 1334 patients who underwent cfLVAD implantation between...
Article
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Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is an aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma with poor prognosis and few treatment options for patients with relapsed, recurrent, or refractory disease. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of valemetostat, a potent EZH1 and EZH2 inhibitor, in treating relapsed/refractory (R/R) ATL. This multicenter phase 2 trial (NCT0...
Article
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Background Patients with cartilage-hair hypoplasia (CHH) have an increased risk of malignancy, particularly non-Hodgkin lymphoma and basal cell carcinoma. The characteristics, clinical course, response to therapy and outcome of lymphomas in CHH remains unexplored. Methods We assessed clinical features of lymphoma cases among Finnish patients with...
Preprint
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Background: Natural killer/T-cell lymphoma(NKTCL) is a highly aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that is prevalent in Asia and South America. However, given the high malignancy grade, rapid clinical progress and poor long‐term prognosis of NKTCL, exploring the potential mechanism of NKTCL is of great significance for the development of drugs for NKT...
Article
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Zanubrutinib (ZAN) is a Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitor recently approved for the treatment of some non-Hodgkin lymphomas. In clinical trials, ZAN is often combined with standard anthracycline (ANT) chemotherapy. Although ANTs are generally effective, drug resistance is a crucial obstacle that leads to treatment discontinuation. This study showe...
Preprint
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Purpose: To determine the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based metrics to quantify myocardial toxicity following radiotherapy (RT) in human subjects through review of current literature. Methods: 21 MRI studies published between 2011-2022 were identified from available databases. Patients received chest irradiation with/without other trea...
Article
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Background Although observational studies have reported associations between serum C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration and risks of lung, breast, and colorectal cancer, inconsistent or absent evidences were showed for other cancers. We conducted a pan-cancer analysis to comprehensively assess the role of CRP, including linearity and non-linearit...
Article
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T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) is a rare and highly aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This study aimed to explore the role of 2-[¹⁸F]FDG PET/CT, sarcopenia, clinical features, and treatment regimens in 49 treatment-naïve patients with T-LBL, and assess their predictive value in the prognosis. Sarcopenia was measured as skeletal muscle index (...
Article
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There are limited data describing the impact of active surveillance on longitudinal health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with indolent non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). A cohort of untreated indolent NHL patients completed FACT-LYM questionnaires at 6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months after diagnosis. Longitudinal FACT-LYM scores were analyzed by...
Article
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Background: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a heterogeneous non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with great clinical challenge. Machine learning (ML) has attracted substantial attention in diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of diseases. This study is aimed at exploring the prognostic factors of DLBCL by ML. Methods: In total, 1211 DLBCL patients wer...
Poster
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Background Recent studies have shown the role of serum vitamin D level on outcomes in hematological cancers. However, the association of serum vitamin D level on prognosis of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) patients remains unclear. Thus, this study aims to investigate the association between serum vitamin D level and prognosis of NHL patients. Methods...
Article
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Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells have been successfully used for hematological malignancies, especially for relapsed/refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Patients who have undergone conventional chemo-immunotherapy and have relapsed can achieve complete remission for several months with the infusion of C...
Article
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Objective: To study the incidence and comparison of various SRCTs in relation to age, sex and site distribution. Study Design: Cross-sectional Place and Duration of Study: The present study was undertaken in histopathology laboratory at Besat Hospital in Hamadan, Iran for period of 12 years from April 2009 to March 2021. Material and Methods: All s...
Article
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Netrin-1 is a member of the laminin superfamily, and is known to interact with specific receptors, called dependence receptors. While upon netrin-1 binding these receptors initiate positive signaling, in absence of netrin-1, these receptors trigger apoptosis. Tumor cells can avoid apoptosis by inactivating these receptors or by gaining ligand expre...
Article
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Rational combinations of sequence-specific inhibitors of pro-oncogenic miRNAs can efficiently interfere with specific tumor survival pathways, offering great promise for targeted therapy of oncological diseases. Herein, we uncovered the potential of multicomponent therapy by double or triple combinations of highly potent mesyl phosphoramidate (µ) a...
Article
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Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a highly aggressive B cell non‐Hodgkin lymphoma frequently associated with immunosuppression, particularly human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Although PBL is rare globally, South Africa has a high burden of HIV infection leading to a higher incidence of PBL in the region. Laboratory features in PBL may ove...
Article
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Background Autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) is the standard of care in many relapsed and refractory lymphoid malignancy, neuroblastoma, and multiple myeloma (MM). This study was conducted to describe the epidemiology of early infections that occurred within the first 100 days among patients who received HSCT for MM, Hodgkin...
Article
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Background The diagnosis of oral lichenoid lesions (OLL) remains a challenge for clinicians and pathologists. Although, in many cases, OLL cannot be clinically and histopathologically distinguishable from oral lichen planus (OLP), one important difference between these lesions is that OLL has an identifiable etiological factor, e.g. medication, res...
Article
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Lymphomas represent a heterogeneous and widely diversified group of neoplastic diseases rising from a variety of lymphoid subsets at heterogeneous differentiation stages. These lymphoproliferative disorders lead to the clinicopathological complexity of the classification of lymphoid neoplasms, describing to date more than 40 categories of non-Hodgk...
Article
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Genetic abnormalities in histone methyltransferases (HMTs) frequently occur in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and are related to its progression. SET and MYND domain containing 3 (SMYD3) is an HMT that is upregulated in various tumors and promotes their malignancy. However, to the best of our knowledge, the function of SMYD3 in DLBCL has not...
Article
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Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare type of B-cell Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) affecting predominantly male patients. While complete remissions following first-line treatment are frequent, most patients ultimately relapse, with a usually aggressive further disease course. The use of cytarabine-comprising induction chemotherapy and autologous stem c...
Article
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Lymphoma in the gastrointestinal tract most commonly occurs in the stomach, small intestine and around the ileocecal region. Usually gastrointestinal lymphoma occurs secondary to widespread nodal disease and is rarely found to be the primary site. Of the different types of lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma makes up the majority...
Article
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The evidence for the safety and efficacy of adding rituximab to intensive chemotherapy in pediatric patients with aggressive mature B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma/leukemia (B-NHL/B-AL) is not yet robust. In this prospective multi-institutional trial, 419 evaluable patients ≤ 16 years of age with newly diagnosed B-NHL/B-AL were enrolled. Patients were...
Article
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External beam radiotherapy is effective for stage I orbital mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALToma). Hence, very-low-dose radiotherapy is increasingly being investigated. We conducted a single-center prospective phase II trial to evaluate the effectiveness of very-low-dose radiotherapy of 4 Gy (2 Gy × 2 fractions) in pathologically con...
Article
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The use of synthetic molecules to achieve specific goals is steadily increasing in the environment, and these molecules adversely impact human health and ecosystem services. Considering the adverse effects, a better understanding of how these molecules behave in the environment and their associated risks is necessary to keep their use acceptably li...
Article
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Background Survival rates are usually used to evaluate the effect of cancer treatment and prevention. This study aims to analyze the 5-year relative survival of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in United States using population-based cancer registry data. Methods A period analysis was used to evaluate the improvement in long-term prognosis of patients w...
Article
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Objective Primary orbital lymphoma (POL) accounts for an essential part of adult orbital malignancies. Nevertheless, it remains a relatively rare lymphoid malignancy, accounting for <1% of all non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) cases. Orbital diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is one of the most prevalent subtypes of POL that confers the worst outcome...
Article
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Intravascular lymphoma (IVL) is a rare extranodal non‐Hodgkin lymphoma. We performed a retrospective analysis of 55 IVL patients who were treated at our institution 2003–2018. Median age at diagnosis was 68 years, and 64% were males. The most frequent presenting symptoms were skin rash 43% and weight loss 30%. MRI brain on IVL patients with CNS inv...
Article
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The selective phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase δ inhibitor zandelisib demonstrated favorable safety and efficacy [objective response rate (ORR) 79%] in patients with B-cell malignancies in a phase 1b study in the US and Switzerland. In this phase 1 dose-escalation study (NCT03985189), 9 Japanese patients with relapsed/refractory indolent non-Hodgkin’s...
Article
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Salivary gland ultrasound (SGUS) is the imaging modality of choice for the assessment of parotid and submandibular gland parenchyma. Being highly effective, non-invasive and easy to perform, SGUS has become increasingly popular among specialists in assessing salivary gland (SG) abnormalities, including those commonly found in primary Sjögren's synd...
Article
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The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum N‐terminal (NT)‐pro‐brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and incidence of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic dysfunction in patients who underwent low‐dose anthracycline chemotherapy. This observational, prospective study was conducted on all patients with proven breast...
Article
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Objective The cancer patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) benefit from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) remains unanswered. We analyzed clinical characteristics and outcomes of pediatric patients with leukemia/lymphoma who developed ARDS and treated with ECMO. Methods Pediatric leukemia or lymphoma patients wit...
Article
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Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the clinical features and survival of primary small intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PsI-DLBCL), and establish and independently validate a prognostic nomogram for individual risk prediction. Patients and methods: Data for 24 patients from the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were used as an indep...