Science topics: Nominalization
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# Nominalization - Science topic

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In the present study, The main purpose is to focus on the applicability of using non-prestressed tendons as the main reinforcement in concrete beams. Therefore, the main reason for the analytical study is to develop a model that can predict the flexural behavior of RC beams with ordinary reinforcements and/or with non-prestressed tendons (cables)....
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Background An Integrated Testing and Assessment Strategy (ITS) for aquatic toxicity of 16 thiochemicals to be registered under REACH revealed 12 data gaps, which had to be filled by experimental data. These test results are now available and offer the unique opportunity to subject previous estimates obtained by read-across (analogue and category ap...
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Single-phased Ru3+-doped LaFeO3 nanocrystalline particles (6-70 nm), with nominal compositions of LaFe1-xRuxO3 (x = 0.00, 0.015, 0.03, 0.05 and 0.08), were prepared using mechano-synthesis at temperatures that are ca. 400 °C- 700 °C lower than those used to synthesize cation-doped LaFeO3 conventionally. The Ru3+ ions are found to substitute exclusi...
Article
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Footwear has been documented as a significant factor in the aetiology of foot pain in the general population. Assessing footwear in a clinical setting continues to be practitioner specific and there is limited guidance to direct advice. Health professionals must have access to clinically appropriate and reliable footwear assessment tools to educate...
Article
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Engineering oxygen vacancy formation and distribution is a powerful route for controlling the oxygen sublattice evolution that affects diverse functional behavior. The controlling of the oxygen vacancy formation process is particularly important for inducing topotactic phase transitions that occur by transformation of the oxygen sublattice. Here we...
Article
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Background POCUS (point-of-care ultrasound) is an important diagnostic tool for several medical specialties. To provide safe patient care, the quality of this exam should be as high as possible. This includes solid documentation with a written report and the availability of images for review. However, international guidelines or publications about...
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In the future COMPASS Upgrade (Vondracek et al. in Fusion Eng Des 169:112490, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2021.112490, 2021) tokamak (R0=0.894m\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidema...
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Mini abstract US patients with osteoporosis included in three focus groups identified efficacy, safety, cost, and convenience as important attributes of treatment when choosing between anabolic therapies with high stated preference for the solid Microstructured Transdermal System. Objective The current study evaluated patient perspective and relat...
Article
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Background Research on talent in sports aims to identify predictors of future performance. This study retrospectively investigated 1) relationships between young handball field players’ technical throwing skills and (a) their potential nomination to youth national teams and (b) their long-term career attainment 10 years later, and 2) associations b...
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According to empirical studies, a statistically significant factor for German exports success is high cost (or price) competitiveness. Studies by Deutsche Bundesbank recommend correcting the nominal effective exchange rate by broad cost (or price) indicators (Deutsche Bundesbank, 1998, 2016a). This would call for total economy unit labour costs. In...
Article
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A voltage gain interleaved soft switched DC-DC Boost converter without auxiliary switch is proposed in this paper. Step-up characteristics are achieved without using any transformer, coupled inductor, voltage multiplier cell, switched inductor/switched capacitor in the proposed topology. All semiconductor devices operate under soft-switching condit...
Article
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In the presence of uncertainties in the parameters of a mathematical model, optimal solutions using nominal or expected parameter values can be misleading. In practice, robust solutions to an optimization problem are desired. Although robustness is a key research topic within single-objective optimization, little attention is received within mult...
Article
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Bunch-holes blasting (several blastholes arranged in a bunch with short spacing and detonated simultaneously to form a large common blasting crater) is typically used in underground mines to increase blasting efficiency under a single free surface. Considering the low accuracy of pyrotechnic detonators, which are commonly used in Chinese mines, bun...
Article
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High-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission system based on modular multilevel converter (MMC) technology is considered as an attractive solution for the interconnection of two AC grids to enhance the security of supply. Several studies have concluded that the AC grid impedance is a key parameter for the control system design of the MMC. Such i...
Article
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China has completed the full BDS-3 constellation with satellites manufactured, respectively, by China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) and Shanghai Engineering Center for Microsatellites (SECM). This study investigates BDS-3 satellite yaw attitudes using Ka-band inter-satellite link (ISL) observations with relatively large horizontal satellite an...
Article
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Increased penetration of photovoltaic (PV) in the power system leads to a reduction in system inertia. This reduction causes a high-frequency nadir and a high rate of change of frequency (ROCOF) during disturbances, which can result in load shedding or pole slipping and cascading outages. Therefore, a lot of research has been conducted to enhance t...
Article
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The ageing of bridge stock in developed countries worldwide and the increasing number of recorded bridge collapses have underlined the need for more sophisticated and comprehensive assessment procedures concerning the safety and serviceability of structures. In many recent failures, construction errors or deficiencies have contributed to the unfort...
Article
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An experimental study evaluating tube side evaporation (using R410A refrigerant) in smooth and enhanced tubes was performed. Enhanced heat transfer tubes made of copper and stainless steel were studied visually and experimentally; with a nominal outer diameter of 12.7 mm and inner diameter of 11.5 mm; tube length of 1.85 m; with an enhanced surface...
Article
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Navigation safety is further emphasised for terrain referenced navigation (TRN) systems used in middle‐range unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) than those in cruise missiles flying through mountainous areas, because middle‐range UAVs may fly to regions and cities containing both combatants and civilians. For safety assurance of TRN systems, this paper...
Article
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This study explores how an ideology of color-evasive racism (i.e., color evasiveness; Annamma et al., 2017) imbued white educators' discourse surrounding intersectional inequities in schools for Girls of Color in the U.S. Our analysis of interview and focus group data addresses a gap in educational research identifying color-evasive racism in disco...
Article
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Control charts originate from industrial statistics, but are constantly seeing new areas of application, for example in health care (Thor et al. in BMJ Qual Saf 16(5):387–399, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1136/qshc.2006.022194 ; Suman and Prajapati in Int J Metrol Qual Eng, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1051/ijmqe/2018003 ). This paper is about the package,...
Article
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Persson’s theory of contact is extensively used in the study of the purely normal interaction between a nominally flat rough surface and a rigid flat. In the literature, Persson’s theory was successfully applied to the elastoplastic contact problem with a scale-independent hardness H. However, it yields a closed-form solution, P(p,ξ)\documentclass[...
Article
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There are currently 180 million hectares under pasture in Brazil, and despite the country being one of the largest meat producers, there remain around 64 million hectares that show signs of degradation and contribute to the substantial loss of soil organic carbon (SOC). The aim of this study, therefore, was to derive the factors for SOC stock chang...
Article
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The multivariate skew-normal family of distributions is a flexible class of probability models that includes the multivariate normal distribution as a special case. Two procedures for testing that a multivariate random sample comes from the multivariate skew-normal distribution are proposed here based on the estimated canonical form. Canonical data...
Article
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This research paper investigates the derivation of the so-called nominal sentences in Standard Arabic (SA). The focus is primarily placed on the syntactic account of the derivation of different word orders allowed in such sentences. This article shows that the type of the predicate (PP, AP or DP) plays a significant role in determining the word ord...
Article
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We study the structure of high-speed zero-pressure-gradient turbulent boundary layers up to friction Reynolds number $Re_{\tau } \approx 2000$ using direct numerical simulation of the Navier–Stokes equations. Both supersonic and hypersonic conditions with nominal free-stream Mach numbers $M_{\infty }=2$ , $M_{\infty }=5.86$ and heat transfer at the...
Presentation
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We will propose that the Complex Negative Adjectives (CNAs) in Japanese are now undergoing lexicalization, and that lexicalization by ga-drop begins in relative clauses and can extend to the matrix clause for the following reasons: (a) the Nominative-Case-licensing requires non-defective Tense, (b) Tense can be defective in Japanese relative clause...
Article
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We have performed high-fidelity simulations of turbulent open-channel flows over submerged rigid canopies made of cylindrical filaments of fixed length $l=0.25H$ ( $H$ being the domain depth) mounted on the wall with angle of inclination $\theta$ . The inclination is the free parameter that sets the density of the canopy by varying its frontal area...
Conference Paper
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Melina Mercury’s role in the field of culture and art is exceptional not only for Greece but also the European Union as a whole. As a result of her outstanding and hard work, she was not only nominated for an Oscar, but also won numerous nominations with in the European Union and the United States.
Article
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The study was carried out over a period of one year. The present study was undertaken to know the summer seasons in response to physico-chemical Properties of Suraila Taal situated at jaunpur district in Uttar Pradesh. One of the most several problems in arid and semi-arid regions is high concentration of salts in soils and water resources. Thus, w...
Presentation
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Here we analyze two methods of regularization in subgroup discovery. The first approach constrains the description length of the envisaged subgroup descrip- tions. The second approach is in the spirit of formal concept analysis: One firstly identifies large contranominal scales in the data structure, which correspond to lar- ge shatterable sets and...
Article
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We introduce the problem of robust subgroup discovery , i.e., finding a set of interpretable descriptions of subsets that 1) stand out with respect to one or more target attributes, 2) are statistically robust, and 3) non-redundant. Many attempts have been made to mine either locally robust subgroups or to tackle the pattern explosion, but we are t...
Article
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Double-sided incremental forming (DSIF) is capable of forming complex three-dimensional components without using component-specific tooling. Forming the components with favourable residual stresses, mechanical properties, and accuracy is still one of the challenging tasks. It is known that the support tool contact condition in DSIF changes the magn...
Article
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Money is, by definition, a means of payment. It is forged by rulers, through their minters. It has its nominal value, which is greater and more visible insofar if the coins are minted from precious materials, such as gold and silver. That is why coins reflect what the community considers valuable. Thus, money can mirror the value system of a certai...
Article
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This paper focuses in finding means to put the percentage of fly ash as a replacement of PPC for casting of M20 grade of concrete. Here the fly ash (0.5-5.5µm) sample of Kolaghat Thermal Power Plant, West Bengal is used. The mix proportion as per Table-9 (Proportions for Nominal Mix Concrete) of IS 456:2000 is used for casting the cubes using diffe...
Conference Paper
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Disruption of technologies, climate changes and epidemic crises have significantly affected individuals, organizations, and society. These phenomena force organizations to extend and innovate their business models to adapt to new circumstances. However, literature provides a limited coverage on how sustainable innovations ideas form and evaluate in...
Article
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Identifying genetic variation underlying human diseases establishes targets for therapeutic development and helps tailor treatments to individual patients. Large-scale transcriptomic profiling has extended the study of such molecular heterogeneity between patients to somatic tissues. However, the lower resolution of bulk RNA profiling, especially i...
Preprint
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This paper deals with the estimation of population sizes for respondent-driven sampling (RDS), a variant of link-tracing sampling that leverages social networks over a number of waves to recruit individuals from hidden populations. The RDS process is mostly controlled by individual participants who might report on recruitment proposals, or nominati...
Article
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This article presents Epistemic Spatialization as a new framework for investigating the interconnected patterns of biases when identifying objects with convolutional neural networks (convnets). It draws upon Foucault's notion of spatialized knowledge to guide its method of enquiry. We argue that decisions involved in the creation of algorithms, alo...
Preprint
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Der vorliegende Beitrag analysiert Helmedags neuste Version des Saldenmechanischen Modells (SM), mit dessen Hilfe eine angeblich langfristig bestehende, relative Konstanz der Lohnstückkosten erklärt werden soll. Die realen Lohnstückkosten steigen jedoch in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland spätestens seit 1970 kontinuierlich an, mit kurzfristigen Dell...
Cover Page
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I am happy to be awarded/nominated by the “ISSN (International Society for Scientific Network) International Research Awards 2022 (IIRA-2022)” for the "INTERNATIONAL BEST RESEARCHER AWARD" in my field of study and for my publication titled Facile synthesis and characterization of ZnO, ZnO:Co, and ZnO/ZnO:Co nano rod-like homojunction thin films: Ro...
Preprint
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The NIRSpec instrument on the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) brings the first multi-object spectrograph (MOS) into space, enabled by a programmable Micro Shutter Array (MSA) of ~250,000 individual apertures. During the 6-month Commissioning period, the MSA performed admirably, completing ~800 reconfigurations with an average success rate of ~96%...
Preprint
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We utilize recent NuSTAR observations (co-added depth $\approx55$-120 ks) of PG $1001+054$, PG $1254+047$, and PHL 1811 to constrain their hard X-ray ($\gtrsim5$ keV) weakness and spectral shapes, and thus to investigate the nature of their extreme X-ray weakness. These quasars showed very weak soft X-ray emission, and they were proposed to be intr...
Article
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The steel manufacturing industry in Ghana has grown rapidly in the last decade. Local steel milling companies are taking advantage of the readily available scrap metals as raw material to produce reinforcing bars. Major steel importers also continue to import reinforcing bars into the country to fill the gap between production and demand of stee...
Preprint
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This paper proposes a novel fixed-time integral sliding mode controller for admittance control to enhance physical human-robot collaboration. The proposed method combines the benefits of compliance to external forces of admittance control and high robustness to uncertainties of integral sliding mode control (ISMC), such that the system can collabor...
Article
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Challenges of the UNESCO heritage nomination project for the Barotse Floodplain Cultural concealed a huge social and cultural safeguards complexity. The project failed and was consequently deferred after a twelve year struggle to legitimize it by seeking consent of the local people in the Barotse floodplains. At the root of challenge was the propon...
Preprint
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The finite size of a neutrino wavepacket at creation can affect its oscillation probability. Here, we consider the electron antineutrino wavepacket and decoherence in the context of the nuclear reactor based experiment JUNO. Given JUNO's high expected statistics [$\sim$100k IBD events ($\bar{\nu}_e p \rightarrow e^+ n$)], long baseline ($\sim$53\,k...
Preprint
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The Wide Field Imager for the Athena X-ray telescope is composed of two back side illuminated detectors using DEPFET sensors operated in rolling shutter readout mode: A large detector array featuring four sensors with 512x512 pixels each and a small detector that facilitates the high count rate capability of the WFI for the investigation of bright,...
Article
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Constantine's reign as Roman emperor A.D. 306-337 dramatically changed the direction of Christianity. This grew out of his strategy for unifying his empire by creating a "catholic" (universal) church that would blend elements from many religions into one. The "Christianity" Constantine endorsed was already considerably different from that practiced...
Article
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La composición nominal es una de las vías, si bien no la más productiva, para la creación de neologismos, como lo es también el calco de otras lenguas. Ambas formas pueden coincidir, como en el caso de las formaciones que estudiaremos en este trabajo.
Research
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Shot blasting being very common process in foundries, accountable for expenses through number of consumables like abrasive, electricity, wearable parts of machine. Supply as well cost for these consumables are extensively influenced by market conditions, government policies. Inappropriate utilization of these consumables results in heavy economical...
Preprint
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Very recently, the LHCb Collaboration reported the first observation of the hidden charm pentaquark with strangeness, $P_{\psi s}^\Lambda(4338)^0$. Considering this state is very close to the $\Xi_c^0\bar{D}^0$ and $\Xi_c^+D^-$ thresholds, we explore the possible bias of the Breit-Wigner parameterization, with emphasis on the effect of its coupling...
Preprint
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Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis is one of the most popular approaches for evaluating and comparing the accuracy of medical diagnostic tests. Although various methodologies have been developed for estimating ROC curves and its associated summary indices, there is no consensus on a single framework that can provide consistent statist...
Conference Paper
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Stormwater detention tank is widely used as an effective measure in improving the performance of an urban stormwater drainage system (USDS) and mitigating urban flood risk during intensive storm events. Different layouts of detention tanks can largely affect their efficiency; therefore, it is crucial to determine their appropriate locations. This s...
Article
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As the 100th anniversary approaches of Albert Einstein being awarded a Nobel Prize, questions remain about the motivation for the prize and about the absence of any specific mention of his theory of relativity. By revisiting and supplementing earlier scholarly studies, it will be shown that “Einstein did not receive, as often claimed, a prize for h...
Article
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Loss of either PINK1 or PRKN causes an early onset Parkinson’s disease (PD) phenotype. Functionally, PINK1 and PRKN work together to mediate stress-activated mitochondrial quality control. Upon mitochondrial damage, PINK1, a ubiquitin kinase and PRKN, a ubiquitin ligase, decorate damaged organelles with phosphorylated ubiquitin for sequestration an...
Article
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Implementing efforts to understand biogeographic distribution patterns and taxonomic limits within animal groups is crucial for addressing several challenges of modern zoology. Although avian phylogeography has been extensively investigated within the Western Palearctic, several families, such as shrikes, still display unresolved or neglected bioge...
Conference Paper
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Electric power has enabled unique propulsion architectures to improve eVTOL performance. This paper discusses independently-controlled electric motors to enable active phase angle maneuvers for thrust variation of stacked, co-rotating rotors. This can potentially increase the bandwidth of thrust control compared to varying rotor speed. A two-meter...
Article
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Variations in dose prescription methods in stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for early stage non-small-cell lung cancer (ES-NSCLC) make it difficult to properly compare the outcomes of published studies. We conducted a comprehensive search of the published literature to summarize the outcomes by discerning the relationship between local control...
Preprint
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Persson's theory of contact is extensively used in the study of the purely normal interaction between a nominally flat rough surface and a rigid flat. In the literature, Persson's theory was successfully applied to the elastoplastic contact problem with a scale-independent hardness $H$. However, it yields a closed-form solution, $P(p, \xi)$, in ter...
Article
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Growth of reaction rims is mainly controlled by a change in physical parameters such as pressure and temperature, a change in the chemical composition of the system, and/or by the presence of volatiles. In particular, the effect of volatiles other than water on reaction-rim growth remains poorly understood. To accurately model metamorphic and metas...
Article
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Estimating proportion of area from a stratified random sample and reference class labels obtained by ground visit or interpretation of satellite imagery is a common strategy in land cover monitoring. Confidence intervals for the proportion of area are typically estimated using the Wald interval, a procedure that is known to yield less than nominal...
Article
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Background Healthy and sustainable diets need to be adopted to reduce the negative impact of food consumption on human and planetary health. Food systems account for a third of greenhouse gas emissions. “Dietary Patterns for Health and Sustainability” is a World Health Organization (WHO) project that aims to build consensus among international food...