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Nigeria - Science topic

A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
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Publications related to Nigeria (10,000)
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FIRE OUTBREAKS IN THE SOUTHEAST NIGERIA AND INADEQUACIES IN SERVICE AND FIGHTING STATIONS Onwumere, Basilia O.; Ihekuna, Chinonye Prisca; Johnson, Jessica Ogechi; Obiadi, Bons and Onuorah I. M. Abstract: Southeast Nigeria lacks and needs an up-to-date fire service station. The impression and the general attitude of the public towardsthe services...
Article
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Professional certification, a proficiency to validate employees' competency and readiness for career development, has recently become a subject of inquiry among researchers. There are concerns about employers' demand for foreign in place of local professional certifications in employment decisions, especially in developing countries. Therefore,...
Chapter
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Agro-allied supply chain management (ASCM) presents unique issues ranging from dependence on climate, the engagement of many actors, to the bulk of the personnel’s lack of literacy, all of which need the use of communication and information technologies (IT). The purpose of the research is to present technologies centered on the Internet of things...
Article
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Air pollution is an important issue globally because it is linked to health risks or death as the case may be. No nation has placed a carefree attitude on the menace. Constant monitoring to reduce or bring it to an end is on the increase. Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the tools used in monitoring air quality. The main functionality of IoT incl...
Research
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Discussions in this article are not centred on the broader analysis of the magnetic and electrical resistivity survey but rather on the areas dealing with the integration of results of the survey, the follow-up archaeological excavations, stratigraphic description and conclusion of the research. The overriding objective is to provide further insigh...
Article
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A preponderance of empirical research in higher education exists on the use of electronic resources to promote university education and learning. This suggests that this area of research has attracted significant interest worldwide. However, there seems to be inadequate information on the association between specific electronic infrastructures, how...
Article
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We utilised resisto-thermal effect of iron smelting to precisely locate concealed furnaces and slag trenches at an ancient iron smelting site situated within the estate of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Southwest Nigeria. The methodology involved closely spaced, small electrode spacing (micro) Vertical Electrical Soundings across diagnostic d...
Article
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Management of waste glass is a huge environmental challenge in Nigeria and most developing countries. This study evaluates the influence of using Waste Glass Fines (WGF) as an asphalt filler to improve the Rigidity Ratio (RR) of asphaltic concrete. As stand-alone fillers in hot asphalt mixtures, the performances of quarry dust and waste glass p...
Article
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The breakout of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has resulted in the shutting down of schools globally, has made a virtual classroom urgently imperative to support the physical classroom. This move cannot be realistic if the level of awareness and proficiency of the stakeholders, as well as challenges faced, are not noted. Hence, this study examined th...
Article
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Boko Haram (BH) insurgency in Northeastern Nigeria has been extensively studied but much scholarly attention has not been given to Operation Safe Corridor (OPSC). Yet, it remains the most significant non-kinetic approaches to BH insurgency. This study examines the deradicalisation programme of OPSC, communities’ receptivity to reintegrated ex-BH me...
Article
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The outbreak of COVID-19 has adversely affected university students’ learning process, especially in developing countries like Nigeria. Consequently, many institutions have adopted social media for the learning process because of the COVID-19 lockdown. Hence, the current study aimed at assessing the influences of social media learning environments...
Article
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The research examines the implication of Nigeria’s lopsided land transport structure for performance and efficiency in the freight transport sector using the Lagos–Kano corridor as a case study. A comparative analysis of road and rail performance in freight transport using defined performance indicators shows that road transport performed better on...
Article
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This research work assesses the effects of tax revenue on the economic growth of Nigeria utilizing time series data spanning from year 2000 till 2021. The study’s specific goal is to evaluate the influence of hydrocarbon tax, corporation income tax and Value Added Tax on Nigeria’s economic growth. The study employs secondary form of data which have...
Article
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It is widely recognized that participation in producer groups is advantageous for smallholders who must deal with complex production and marketing constraints and dynamic business environments. However, available data on this process are scarce in the fishery sector, while existing evidence is limited by smallholders’ potential self-selection into...
Article
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Background Wild cocoyam ( Caladium bicolar ) is non-edible starchy material which is commonly known as ‘Ede umuagbara’ in the south-east region of Nigeria. Evaluating the potential of wild cocoyam for citric acid production was investigated using Aspergillus niger in a submerged culture. Results This study showed that wild cocoyam flour concentrat...
Article
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Background The rising increase in the incidence of breast cancer among women is worrisome and a great concern to all. More disturbing is that the incidence of breast cancer and death has been attributed to exposure to imaging modalities that utilize ionizing radiation such as computed tomography. The aim of this study was to estimate the lifetime a...
Article
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Objective Acute febrile infections compatible with malaria are the most prevalent presentation at sub-Saharan African health clinics, accounting for 30–50% of outpatient visits. Acute human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection can mimic acute malaria symptoms. As a result, screening people with malaria symptoms for HIV infection is critical. The...
Article
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The levels of potassium (K), calcium (Ca), sodium (Na), magnesium (Mg), Zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo), manganese (Mn), and lead (Pb) were determined in Nigerian and Brazilian milk samples. Their concentrations in powdered milk were in the order K > Ca > Na > Mg > Zn > Fe > Cu > Mo > Mn > Pb, and for liquid milk, K > Ca > Mg > Z...
Article
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Background Colour vision deficiency (CVD), also referred to as colour blindness, is the failure or decreased ability to distinguish between certain colours under normal lighting conditions. It is an X-linked genetic disorder with varying degrees of prevalence in different populations. There is presently no report on the prevalence of CVD among stud...
Article
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The results obtained from electricity demand studies mostly point to the fact that the current gap between supply and demand in developing countries is already very substantial and that, it will become more entrenched under a 'business as usual' scenario. It's hard to run a business or a home without power, and those lucky few who are connected to...
Article
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The consumption of imported dairy products is high especially in developing countries including Nigeria where little or no milk is produced locally which makes the products expensive, out of reach to common consumers and also inconvenient for lactose intolerance and vegans. Soymilk, as plant-based milk was substituted for cow’s milk in parts and in...
Article
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Effective management of risk especially tax risk is arguably hinged on a framework of corporate governance that ensures amongst others that the board of directors is effective and efficient in delegating some of its roles and duties to well-structured committees, without relinquishing its responsibilities. Based on this assertion, this paper inquir...
Article
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Background Soil-Transmitted Helminths are a group of parasites that cause gastrointestinal infections in humans and require the soil to develop into their infective forms. Ecological factors such as soil temperature, soil pH and rainfall patterns are, however, important determinants for the successful transmission of soil helminths as they play a m...
Article
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The media are partners in a democracy because they ensure political participation in the democratic process. Audience perception of the media is vital as it affects credibility and believability of the media and their messages. Credibility and believability of the media are predicated to an extent upon the source of media messages. These issues pro...
Article
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Background COVID-19 has led to restrictions on movements and lockdown measures, which have resulted to higher utilization of over-the-counter drugs compared to prescription-only drugs. This study determined the prevalence, pattern and predictors of self-medication for COVID-19 prevention and treatment. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducte...
Article
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There have been sustained global efforts to promote the uptake of COVID-19 vaccines, yet studies suggest the upsurge of vaccine resistance around the world. Considering the wide adoption of social media as crucial sources of health information, the nature of popular online debates on vaccination initiatives can significantly sway people's vaccine-r...
Article
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Background: Behaviour change communication is a proven health communication strategy among used in promoting changes in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviours', especially for communicable diseases. Few studies have been conducted on its effectiveness for non-communicable diseases prevention and control. This study was conducted as an evalu...
Article
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Purpose —This paper aims to examine the relationship between the shadow economy and income inequality in Nigeria. Method —The paper employed Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL), Fully Modified Ordinary Least Square (FMOLS), and Granger causality. This methodology is used to avoid endogeneity and heterogeneity in the model. This paper gauged inco...
Article
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Background: Globally, prostate cancer (PCa) is the commonest non-cutaneous male malignancy. It is more aggressive among black men with little known reasons as to the cause and continued trend among black men. This disproportionate pattern of PCa especially among black men of African ancestry resident in Africa calls for a closer look. Nigeria and...
Article
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The positioning control of a dish antenna mounted on distributed mobile telemedicine nodes (DMTNs) within Nigeria communicating via NigComSat-1R has been presented. It was desired to improve the transient and steady performance of satellite dish antenna and reduce the effect of delay during satellite communication. In order to overcome this, the eq...
Article
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Lineament detector and depth estimation method involving modern aeromagnetic data were employed to study parts of the Obudu Plateau and Lower Benue Trough (southeast Nigeria) with the aim of mapping thermo-tectonic geologic structures and estimating sediment thicknesses. In this investigation, the enhanced horizontal gradient amplitude (EHGA) (appl...
Article
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Nigeria is one of the most violent countries in Africa. The violence comes in all shapes and forms. Much stems from routine crimes like burglary, domestic violence, robbery, terrorism, assassination, gender-based or gang-related. All of these resulted in economic deprivation and population displacement among others. To this end, the paper attempts...
Chapter
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Nigeria is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to extreme weather conditions and natural disasters linked to climate change, the impacts of which are exacerbated by rapid population growth, a fragile economy, high dependence on rain-fed agribusiness, and the country’s weak adaptive capacity. The lack of or poor application of environmental...
Conference Paper
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This paper examines Nigeria's blood supply chain challenges using socio-technical theory. Blood and blood products are scarce commodities in Nigeria because the demand for transfusion often exceeds supply availability. This unmet demand has contributed to increased mortality rates. Semi-structured interviews and consultation workshops were conducte...
Article
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Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is an important staple crop in Nigeria. It provides approximately 80 % of the caloric intake in Nigeria. High starch content and fresh root yields are important for the commercialization of cassava. Cassava is a perennial crop, and it can be produced all year round. However, cassava fresh root yield and starch con...
Article
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Values are the motivational goals that underpin individual and group decisions, attitudes, and behaviours, and often influence the success of conservation. Existing studies have provided insight into the perceptions and attitudes of stakeholders towards forest conservation values. However, there are still contentions among different stakeholders re...
Article
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Background: Although progress has been made regarding how the media report vulnerable groups, researchers are yet to focus attention on how the media factor the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in reporting diseases and outbreak in general and health pandemics in particular. Objective: This study attempted to extend literature related to COVID-...
Article
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Human exposure to heavy metal toxicity has been linked to the consumption of vegetables grown on polluted soils. The goal of this study was to see how much heavy metals accumulated in the soil, irrigation water, and vegetative sections of lettuce and cabbage planted in Wawan Rafi, Jigawa State, Nigeria. The concentrations of potentially harmful met...
Article
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Pozzolans are supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) that many researchers have found suitable for partial replacement of cement in concrete in order to reduce the environmental hazards and energy consumption involved in the production of concrete. However, these materials have been seldomly used in the present day construction industry especi...
Article
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in the overwork of health care workers (HCWs) and greater household burdens for women. This study examines gender differences in HCWs' work attendance under COVID-19 and household burdens as a potential mediator of the gender difference in Northern Nigeria. Methods From April to May 2021, we conducted...
Article
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Within the global monitoring plan (GMP) established by article 16 of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), and perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS) are recommended for analysis in core matrices to assess occurrence and changes geographically and with time. In...
Article
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This study examines the effects of taxation on economic growth in Nigeria. Specifically, the study investigates the effect of petroleum profit tax, company income tax, and custom and excise duty on the real gross domestic product in Nigeria. The study adopted ex-post facto. The study made use of secondary data obtained from the Central Bank of Nige...
Article
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This study was carried out to evaluate the ecological and health risks associated with metals in soils around major cement company in southern Nigeria. Twenty-one soil samples including a control sample were collected around the cement company. Metals such as Cd, As, Co, Cr, Cd, Pb, Ni, Fe, and Zn were analysed using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer...
Article
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Nigeria possesses all attributes, and features of all kind as a region, such as leadership, population, natural resources, financial means, and military capabilities. Consequently, the nation has been instrumental in both regional conflict management and shaping the whole of West African security structures/architecture at large. At the same time,...
Article
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Background: Venomous arthropods are arthropod species that use toxins for defense and offense. The objective of this study was to assess the biodiversity and abundance of venomous arthropods on the premises of Nnamdi Azikiwe University (NAU), Awka, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Pitfall traps, sticky, and bait traps, beating and knockdown, and act...
Article
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The aim of this research is to investigate the effect of long-term storage conditions on the physicochemical and microbial quality of selected sachet water brands sold within the Samaru community and its health implication for consumers. Three brands of sachet water were subjected to different storage conditions and were analyzed for microbial and...
Article
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This paper examines how each of the two argument NPs, in Màda double object constructions (DOC), receive abstract Case in order to prevent a violation of the Case filter. Màda, a Platoid language of the Benue-Congo subfamily, is spoken predominately in Nasarawa State and few adjoining states in the Middle Belt, Nigeria (Kaduna and Plateau States)....
Article
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This study investigated the effect of environmental disclosure and audit on the financial performance of listed oil and gas companies on the Nigerian Stock Exchange as of 31st December 2020, spanning from 2011-2020. The study adopted ex-post facto research design a sample of 11 companies were selected out of the 13 listed oil and gas companies on t...
Article
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Purpose The utilisation of building information modelling (BIM) technology is rapidly increasing among construction professionals across the world. Notwithstanding, recent studies revealed a low level of BIM implementation in the context of the Nigerian construction sector. Moreover, previous studies have established that BIM application comes with...
Preprint
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Malaria is one of the leading causes of illnesses and deaths in Africa at large and Nigeria in particular, especially amongst pregnant women and children under the age of five years. Our research revealed that though the government has deployed so many intervention systems to contend with this death-causing vector—the mosquitoes, malaria related de...
Article
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The availability and access to fresh water is an important issue all over the world. Groundwater constitutes the only reliable water supply for drinking and irrigation purposes. Recently there has been increased interest in ground water resources resulting from a combination of an increase in its development for public and domestic use; an increase...
Article
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Eliciting confessional statements from suspects constitutes the thrust of police interrogation. Existing studies on police discourse have concentrated on forms of communication in the Nigeria Police Force to the neglect of the pragmatics of hedges in police-suspect interaction, henceforth PSI. This paper engages a pragmatic description of the use o...
Article
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This study was an attempt to examine the short run and long run influence of private sector credit on the rate of unemployment in Nigeria from 1990 through 2020. Data which were obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria and the World Bank were analysed using the Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) unit root test, autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bou...
Conference Paper
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Rabbit production is increasingly becoming a source of livelihood to many households in Nigeria. Unfortunately, a recent incidence of Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease (RHD), which is a virulent and rapidly spreading disease of rabbits adversely affected the Nigerian rabbit industry and caused significant economic loss to farmers. Hence, this study assess...
Poster
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Water is life and clean water means health. This is because it acts as both a solvent and a delivery mechanism, dissolving essential vitamins and nutrients from food and delivering them to cells. Besides the above, the amount of water used for other purposes varies widely, and is greatly influenced by the type and availability of water supply (Hof...
Article
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This study examined the role of the legislators and budget process in Nigeria. For the objective of the study to be achieved, the study embraces the library research which involves a review of extant literature and this forms the basis for drawing up the conclusion. Flowing from the review, the study shows that argument has been raised by several a...
Article
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Growing plants along the vertical axis of a building façade is currently re-emerging as a technique for (re)integration of greening into the urban fabric. This article reports an exploratory study that involved the design, development and evaluation of vertical greening within low-income communities in Lagos, Akure (Nigeria) and Dar es Salaam (Tanz...
Article
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The effect of different potting media on the growth and development of Dennetia tripatala seedlings was studied in the screen house of the Teaching and Research Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture. University of Benin. Benin City, Nigeria. Three different growing media: Top soil (Ts), Cow dung (Cd) and Poultry manure (Pm) were used as sources of gro...
Article
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The incidence of avian influenza (AI) is on the increase in most parts of the world. This cross-sectional study examines the exposure of poultry farms to AI and the extent of poultry farmers' access to veterinary health services in Nigeria and Ghana. A pretested questionnaire was administered on 340 poultry farmers in Nigeria and Ghana. Also, Six K...
Article
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The occurrence of several offshore petroleum accidents in Nigeria supports the conclusion by some authors that the Petroleum Act (PA) 1969 regime is fraught with lapses. Environmental protagonists have applauded the Petroleum Industry Act (PIA) 2021 as the way forward in the regulation of offshore risk. This paper uses the non-doctrinal methodology...
Conference Paper
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This study examined performance appraisal on organization performance of selected tertiary institutions in Osun State. It investigated the effect of performance appraisal on employee's commitment, the factors that affect performance appraisal, and also examined the influence of employee's appraisal on the organizational performance. Primary data wa...
Article
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In Nigeria, the oil sector accounts for more than 60% of GDP, 85% of export revenues, and more than 70% of government revenue (National Bureau of Statistics, 2010). There has been a steady rise in the prices of petroleum product across Nigeria, since the commencement of the Russia-Ukraine war, coupled with the instability on the Nigerian currency a...
Article
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Field trials were conducted at Teaching and Research Farm, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria during 2007 and 2008 to ascertain the appropriate spacing-spatial arrangement that will produce an appreciable fresh ear size of maize without compromising much on yield and yield components. It was replicated three times in r...