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New York City - Science topic

City located at the mouth of the Hudson River, in New York State.
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Publications related to New York City (10,000)
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The members of the Domestic Workers United (DWU) organization—immigrant women of color employed as nannies, caregivers, and housekeepers in New York City—formed to fight for dignity and respect and to “bring meaningful change” to their work. Alana Lee Glaser examines the process of how these domestic workers organized against precarity, isolation,...
Article
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Detecting human mobility community structures is an important means to reveal urban spatial structures. Due to the circadian clock, human mobility has a daily rhythm, representing dynamic interactions among urban functional areas at different times of the day. However, few community detection methods have been developed by explicitly considering su...
Article
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Background Prioritization of higher-risk people for COVID-19 vaccination could prevent more deaths, but could slow vaccination speed. We used mathematical modeling to examine the trade-off between vaccination speed and prioritization for individuals age 65+ and essential workers. Methods We used a stochastic, discrete-time susceptible-exposed-infe...
Article
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Background: Healthy NYC is an innovative survey panel created by the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) that offers a cost-effective mechanism for collecting priority and timely health information. Between November 2020 and June 2021, invitations for six different surveys were sent to Healthy NYC panelists by posta...
Article
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Epidemics and pandemics require an early estimate of the cumulative infection prevalence, sometimes referred to as the infection "Iceberg," whose tip are the known cases. Accurate early estimates support better disease monitoring, more accurate estimation of infection fatality rate, and an assessment of the risks from asymptomatic individuals. We f...
Article
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Hispanic individuals are under‐represented in skeletal research. Bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture data are conflicting. We investigated skeletal health in elderly Caribbean Hispanic, (HW), non‐Hispanic White (NHW) and Black (NHB) women in a population‐based study in New York City. We utilized high resolution peripheral quantitative CT (HRpQC...
Preprint
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Future sea-level rise projections are characterized by both quantifiable uncertainty and unquantifiable, structural uncertainty. Thorough scientific assessment of sea-level rise projections requires analysis of both dimensions of uncertainty. Probabilistic sea-level rise projections evaluate the quantifiable dimension of uncertainty; comparison of...
Article
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Introduction The literature is limited on the impact of neighborhood parks on quality of life (QoL) and the mechanism linking them. Methods In this paper, we applied the structural equation model to data from a cross-sectional sample of 650 participants in low-income communities of New York City, we examined the associations of neighborhood park u...
Article
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The National Renewable Energy Laboratory manufactured, instrumented, and deployed thermoplastic composite blades and a data acquisition system (NDAQ) on one of Verdant Power’s Gen5d 5 m diameter tidal turbines in New York’s East River. The thermoplastic blades had internal strain gages, and the NDAQ was a stand-alone system for monitoring and recor...
Article
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Background COVID-19 disproportionately affects families of low socioeconomic status and may worsen health disparities that existed prior to the pandemic. Asthma is a common chronic disease in children exacerbated by environmental exposures. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted to understand the impact of the initial stage of the pandemic...
Article
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COVID-19 cripples the restaurant industry as a crucial socioeconomic sector that contributes immensely to the global economy. However, what the current literature less explored is to quantify the effect of COVID-19 on restaurant visitation and revenue at different spatial scales, as well as its relationship with the neighborhood characteristics of...
Article
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ionist paintings of Puerto Rican artist Olga Albizu (1924–2005) gained prominence in the late 1950s when her work debuted in galleries across the Americas and entered the commercial music industry with RCA and Verve records. However, existing scholarship has failed to capture the complex relationship between Albizu’s anti-commercial abstractionist...
Conference Paper
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The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of an effective urban governance system, whereby the incompetence of traditional governance styles to deal with public health emergencies has been exposed, which appeals to designing and managing combinations of the traditional governance modes to achieve the best possible outcomes. Drawing on th...
Article
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Background: African American and Hispanic populations have been affected disproportionately by COVID-19. Reasons are multifactorial and include social and structural determinants of health. During the onset and height of the pandemic, evidence suggested decreased access to SARS CoV-2 testing. In 2020, the National Institutes of Health launched the...
Article
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Abstract Background Measures of the built environment such as neighborhood walkability have been associated with health behaviors such as physical activity, the lack of which in turn may contribute to the development of diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. However, limited research has examined these measures in a...
Preprint
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Recent empirical evidence suggests that the transmission coefficient in susceptible-exposed-infected-removed-like (SEIR-like) models evolves with time, presenting random patterns, and some stylized facts, such as mean-reversion and jumps. To address such observations we propose the use of jump-diffusion stochastic processes to parameterize the tran...
Article
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With progressive technological advancements, the time for electric vehicles (EVs) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has finally arrived for the masses. However, intelligent transportation systems need to develop appropriate protocols that enable swift predictive communication among these battery-powered devices. In this paper, we highlight the ch...
Article
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Trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) impact emotional and physical well-being, social functioning, and parent-child relationship quality. The effect of parental trauma on parenting and child maltreatment is often overlooked by current child welfare (CW) services. The novel intervention, Parenting-STAIR, was created to address m...
Article
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Objective To examine trends in child sleep, physical activity, and screen use during the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City with a prospective, longitudinal online survey of parents recruited from a large medical center. Methods Data was collected Spring 2020 (“Complete Shutdown”) and Fall 2020 (“Partial Shutdown”). Outcomes were parental percepti...
Article
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On August 29, 2019, the second new Kosciuszko Bridge crossing opened to traffic in the New York City. The article briefly presents the origins of this project, followed by a detailed discussion of its design, construction and related investigations. The discussion focuses on the superstructure and includes the selection and main features of the str...
Article
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Introduction Mycolicibacter kumamotonensis is a slowly growing, non-chromogenic non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) that was initially distinguished from the M. terrae complex in 2006. Since then it has been rarely reported as the cause of pulmonary and soft-tissue infections in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. Case presentation...
Article
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Isidore Wisotsky was a young Jewish immigrant to the United States at the end of the long nineteenth century. Having arrived to live the American Dream in New York City, this young Jewish man, who had left not only Eastern Europe but also parts of his family's identity behind, became radicalised amid the spatial and temporal context of the city. Wi...
Article
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Bike-sharing data are an important data source to study urban mobility in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, studies that focus on different bike-sharing activities including both riding and rebalancing are sparse. This limits the comprehensiveness of the analysis of the impact of the pandemic on bike-sharing. In this...
Article
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Aim To estimate the association between feeling upset by experiences of racism and self‐reported depression during pregnancy among non‐Hispanic Black women using a large population‐based sample from the United States. Design We conducted a secondary analysis of nationally representative cross‐sectional survey data with retrospective measures. Met...
Article
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Background Evidence of COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness among persons with prior SARS-CoV-2 infection is accumulating. Methods We evaluated the effect against incident SARS-CoV-2 infection of (1) prior infection without vaccination, (2) vaccination (two doses of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine) without prior infection, and (3) vaccination after pri...
Article
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Introduction Historically, Black and Hispanic patient populations in the Bronx Borough of New York City have experienced the highest rates of social risk factors, and associated poor health outcomes, in New York State. During the pandemic, Bronx communities disproportionately experienced high rates of COVID-19 illness and death. To date, little is...
Experiment Findings
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Geographic profiling is a technique used to identify the probable location of an offender's base or residence based on the location of crimes they have committed. This study examined the use of two methods of geographic profiling, distance decay functions and centrographic point predictions, in predicting the offender's base in New York City. The d...
Preprint
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This study examines the turbulence characteristics of the boundary layer over New York City. Understanding the urban boundary layer characteristics is key to forecasting weather in cities, where most people live. Although extensive research into urban boundary layer (UBL) processes have been carried out in the past decades, majority of these studie...
Article
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To understand the impact of COVID-19-related disruptions on PrEP services, we reviewed PrEP prescriptions at NYC Health + Hospitals/Bellevue from July 2019 through July 2021. PrEP prescriptions were examined as PrEP person-equivalents (PrEP PE) in order to account for the variable time of refill duration (i.e., 1–3 months). To assess “PrEP coverage...
Experiment Findings
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Crime mapping using spatial regression techniques, such as Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) and Geographically and Temporally Weighted Regression (GTWR), can provide valuable insights into the spatial and temporal patterns of crime in a given area. In this study, we utilized socioeconomic variables such as total population, income, poverty...
Experiment Findings
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This study aims to analyze and map crime in New York City using Spatial Point Pattern Analysis (SPPA) techniques for the period of 2016-2019. The data for this study was collected from the New York City Police Department and includes both spatial and non-spatial data. The SPPA techniques used in this study include choropleth mapping, quadrat count,...
Article
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Naylor sets the realistic style of magical realism in Mama Day (1988). It delivers a novel, fairy narrative, and classical delight. The two central cultural spaces and Mama Day male-female characters are cross-cultural exchange matters, and Naylor uses the interdisciplinary technique. Afictional canon has been strengthened through myth and symbolis...
Conference Paper
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During the COVID-19 pandemic, the U.S. power sector witnessed remarkable electricity demand changes in many geographical regions. These changes were evident in population-dense cities. This paper incorporates a techno-economic analysis of energy storage systems (ESSs) to investigate the pandemic’s influence on ESS development. In particular, we emp...
Article
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Background It is possible that adult ED patients consider their hepatitis C virus (HCV) risk factor history when deciding whether to accept HCV screening. To help address this question, we examined whether self-reporting any HCV risk was more common among ED patients who agreed than who declined HCV screening. Among ED patients who agreed to HCV sc...
Article
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It is well-documented that subway stations exhibit high fine particulate matter (PM 2.5) concentrations. Little is known about the potential of river-tunnels to increase PM 2.5 concentrations in subways. We hypothesized a "river-tunnel" effect exists: Stations adjacent to poorly ventilated tunnels that travel beneath rivers exhibit higher PM 2.5 co...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic and the consequent travel restrictions have had an unprecedented impact on the air travel market. However, a rigorous analysis of the potential role of safety perceptions and attitudes towards COVID-19 interventions on future air passenger choices has been lacking to date. To investigate this matter, 1469 individuals were inte...
Article
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Urban foraging provides city dwellers with numerous ecosystem services, but this human-nature interaction is largely missing from the urban ecosystem services scholarship. This exploratory study aims to address this gap in the literature and examines the benefits and values associated with foraging in New York City, United States. We focus on Russi...
Article
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This article discusses YIVO's prewar collections, their looting and dispersion during the Holocaust, and the various subsequent efforts to recover them. The article includes a brief overview of YIVO's founding and prewar activities; a discussion of the Nazi looting of YIVO's materials during the Holocaust and the heroic efforts by Jews to save thes...
Article
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Background Cannabis is a schedule 1 substance that cannot be possessed within the United States according to federal law. On March 31 2021, New York State legalized cannabis for sale and consumption. This study assesses the safety labeling and packaging aimed at children of cannabis containers during the peri-legalization period in New York City....
Preprint
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Long-term exposure to air pollution has been associated with changes in levels of several metabolites measured in the peripheral blood. However, most work has been conducted in ethnically homogenous populations. We studied the relationship between the plasma metabolome and long-term exposure to three air pollutants: particulate matter (PM) less tha...
Article
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Background Obesity is a serious public health problem. Existing research has shown a strong association between obesity and an individual’s diet and physical activity. If we extend such an association to the neighborhood level, information about the diet and physical activity of the residents of a neighborhood may improve the estimate of neighborho...
Preprint
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As various city agencies and mobility operators navigate toward innovative mobility solutions, there is a need for strategic flexibility in well-timed investment decisions in the design and timing of mobility service regions, i.e. cast as "real options" (RO). This problem becomes increasingly challenging with multiple interacting RO in such investm...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to investigate how contemporary music composition aesthetics and performance practices in orchestral music came to be defined and institutionalized in New York City through the 1960s and 1970s. The geographic distinctions commonly referred to as Uptown and Downtown identify separate networks of American contemporary music t...
Article
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Increasing evidence demonstrates that an online Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) can delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. However, little has been done for Chinese Americans. This study, using Community-Based Participatory Research and Intervention Mapping approaches, describes a formative research process in the development of a culturally and lin...
Article
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Barbara Haws and Gabryel Smith propose an overview of memori­al concerts performed by the New York Philharmonic “from George Washington to 9/11” highlighting some constants and shifts in the repertoire of collective mourning in New York City over the centuries.
Article
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Background When COVID-19 stay-at-home orders were instituted, there were concerns that isolation may lead to increases in domestic violence (DV). Reports of increased rates of DV during the stay-at-home period have been suggestive of this but inconsistent across different locations. We sought to complement the existing studies by characterizing cha...
Article
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Black and Hispanic/Latina transgender women are inequitably impacted by HIV; yet gaps in PrEP use exist. Among a sample of mostly Black and Hispanic/Latina transgender women in New York City, we aim to examine whether PrEP use was associated with gender affirmation and the use of gender-affirming health services. We found that PrEP use was more pre...
Presentation
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Fundada em 1838, Duke University é uma universidade estadunidense e que frequente e consistentemente aparece entre as 20 melhores universidades do mundo. Localizada no "Research Triangle", maior parque de pesquisa nos EUA e considerado o novo Vale do Silício, Duke mantém campi em Durham, no estado da Carolina do Norte, nos Estados Unidos da América...
Preprint
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National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations(NASDAQ) is an American stock exchange based. It is one of the most valuable stock economic indices in the world and is located in New York City \cite{pagano2008quality}. The volatility of the stock market and the influence of economic indicators such as crude oil, gold, and the dollar...
Article
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The Idea of Justice has been percolating for some time. The essays by Amartya Sen and George Anastaplo featured in this special issue derive from addresses presented at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice Third Biennial Literature and Law Conference, held in March of 2012 in New York City. The theme of that conference was The Idea of Justice,...
Article
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Background: Prior research has found a high prevalence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) among sexual minority men (SMM) in the US, and has indicated that CSA is associated with higher rates of alcohol and drug use disorders. However, most of these studies have focused almost exclusively on White SMM. We assessed associations of CSA, alcohol use, an...
Article
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In this New York City, New York-based study, we made use of a Critical Cycle of Mixtape Creation (CCMC) intervention to examine a Bangladeshi high school student’s understanding of justice, and the impact of injustice on his well-being, through his creation of and reflection on original hip-hop song lyrics. The student participated in the CCMC inte...
Article
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Background Dense breast notification (DBN) legislation aims to increase a woman’s awareness of her personal breast density and the implications of having dense breasts for breast cancer detection and risk. This information may adversely affect women’s breast cancer worry, perceptions of risk, and uncertainty about screening, which may persist over...
Article
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Home care workers (HCWs) have played a critical role in keeping homebound older adults safely at home during COVID-19, yet their essential work is often understudied. This study characterized the roles of HCWs during COVID-19 and examined how HCW service disruptions impacted patients and their caregivers. We performed a thematic analysis of medical...
Article
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The initial surge of the COVID-19 pandemic and public health measures in response dramatically impacted Adult Protective Services’ (APS) ability to conduct investigations and provide services, requiring agencies to quickly adapt. Our goal was to describe challenges for APS and strategies they developed to respond. We conducted 6 focus groups and 7...
Article
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Both social and physical aspects of neighborhood characteristics are related to a wide range of health and mental health outcomes. There has been increasing evidence pointing to the link between neighborhood-level factors and health among older adults. Specifically, older adults living in disadvantaged neighborhoods with under-resourced infrastruct...
Article
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Asian Americans are the fastest growing and aging U.S. population, and occupy both extremes of socioeconomic and health indices. Using the 2016 NYC.gov dataset, multilevel logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship of poverty, acculturation and neighborhood-level variables with disability for different ethnic groups of...
Article
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Elder abuse is common and can deeply impact older adults who experience it. Little is known, however, about another group that may be profoundly affected: non-abusing family members, friends, and neighbors, referred to as “concerned persons”. We describe the initial experience of the first telephone helpline in the U.S. devoted to supporting these...
Article
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Background The lockdown due to COVID-19 has influenced individuals’ lives in many aspects. Yet, the impact of reopening under an ongoing pandemic is understudied. This study aims to investigate the impact of reopening policy on older Asian Americans’ depressive symptoms and whether the impact varies by their sociodemographic characteristics.Method:...
Article
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African American communities are frequently depicted as victims of urban conditions. However, a rich culture of grassroots community development and organizing, often led and stewarded by Black women, exists. Many of these efforts involve enhancing economic, political, and educational opportunities and centering ethics of care and caregiving. This...
Article
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As WTC exposure may precipitate frailty, we examined patterns of frailty in the general responders cohort. We used two methods to assess frailty: a Clinical Frailty Index (FI) developed using a deficit accumulation approach utilizing clinical assessments performed during routine annual visits to a WTC clinical program in New York City; and a frailt...
Article
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As a result of advancements in antiretroviral therapy (ART), people living with HIV (PLWH) are living longer: it is estimated that 70% of PLWH in the US will be over the age of 50 by 2030, raising questions of what it means to age with HIV and how to care for these individuals most effectively. To qualitatively explore how providers who care for ol...
Article
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This analysis aimed to investigate how age, race/ethnicity, and geographical location contributed to vaccine hesitancy in a sample of New York City (NYC) Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) workers. Transport Workers Union, Local 100 members completed online surveys in August 2020 about their COVID-19 history, workplace protections and policies, f...
Article
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In addition to facing social, economic, and health disparities, LGBTQ older adults face prejudice and discrimination across various social domains, leading some to re-enter the closet. When might older adults openly identify as LGBTQ, and when might they conceal this identity? Based on participant observation and interview data collected in two nat...
Article
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This study examined racial and ethnic disparities in cognitive difficulty among older adults in New York City (NYC). Also, we tested whether physical health, family structure, individual socioeconomic status (SES), and neighborhood SES explained the disparities. Based on community districts, individual-level data from the 2019 American Community Su...
Article
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The COVID pandemic afforded financial scammers with new opportunities to target older adults. This paper presents data from a telephone survey conducted June–September, 2020 with 380 participants from a larger National Institute of Aging study examining financial exploitation among older adults. The survey assessed COVID-related scams in three area...
Article
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Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic musculoskeletal condition characterized by widespread pain, impaired physical functioning, and deficits in positive affect (PA). Standard behavioral therapies for FMS focus on reducing negative affect (NA) and yield only modest benefits. We examined the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of...
Article
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Paid caregivers (e.g., personal care aides, home health aides, other direct care workers) provide essential care that allows people with dementia to remain living at home, yet little is known about the lived experience of this care. This project uses multiple perspective, qualitative longitudinal interviews to explore paid caregiver role in home-ba...
Article
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Having access to adequate and appropriate food sources is essential to addressing food insecurity among older adults. However, the role of locational characteristics in explaining food insecurity remains unclear, especially in urban areas. This study investigated the association of distance to grocery stores, neighborhood disadvantage, and social c...
Article
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This paper explores sex market facilitators' (SMFs') sex trade rules or ‘facilitation styles,’ work dyads, the use of violence, and attitudes about sex workers. We interviewed 37 SMFs in New York City who facilitated sex work ‘long-term’ (for at least five years). SMFs exhibited a range of trade rules, many of which were about maintaining control o...
Preprint
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Bike sharing systems often suffer from poor capacity management as a result of variable demand. These bike sharing systems would benefit from models to predict demand in order to moderate the number of bikes stored at each station. In this paper, we attempt to apply a graph neural network model to predict bike demand in the New York City, Citi Bike...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to discuss popular conceptions of business ethics and their relationship to the problem of racial injustice by way of reviewing Spike Lee’s (1989) Do the Right Thing. Taking place on one day in late 80’s Bedford-Stuyvesant, and set against a tense decade of racial conflict in New York City, Spike Lee’s masterpiece has deepl...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic altered work environments of nurses, yielding high rates of stress and burnout. Potential protective factors, including effective sleep, may influence psychological health and wellbeing. Evidence about sleep in nurses may help develop interventions that mitigate burnout and poor psychological outcomes. A cross-sectional survey...
Article
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Introduction In the year 2019, the whole world witnessed the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has negatively impacted the health care delivery system. This has risen the necessity among health systems across the world to deliver health care services through telemedicine. This systematic review would assess the level of patient satisfaction with tele...