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Neuromodulation - Science method

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Publications related to Neuromodulation (10,000)
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Recent evidence highlights multifaceted biological needs to recapitulate the bone microenvironment for bone regeneration. Neurotization has great potential for realizing multi-system modulations in bone tissue engineering (BTE). However, a neural strategy involving all the key bone repair steps temporally has not yet been reported. In this study, w...
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Declining global DNA methylation and cognitive impairment are reported to occur in the normal aging process. It is not known if DNA methylation plays a role in the efficacy of memory-enhancing therapies. In this study, aged animals were administered prelimbic cortical deep brain stimulation (PrL DBS) and/or L-methionine (MET) treatment. We found th...
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Background Complex facial pain is a debilitating condition with varying etiologies that overall responds poorly to both medical and traditional surgical management. Cortical stimulation is a unique therapeutic intervention which can be effective for some types of complex facial pain syndromes (CFPS). However, the novel use of preoperative functiona...
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Background Low-frequency electroacupuncture (EA) has been shown to ameliorate obesity and reproductive dysfunctions in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and further explorations in PCOS-like rats showed that EA could affect white adipose tissue. However, the function and neuromodulation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in PCOS and after...
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Background The first aim of this study was to investigate the analgesic efficacy of US-guided caudal epidural pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) stimulation in patients with failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS); the second was to evaluate the effects on opioid use, disability, quality of life and patient satisfaction. Methods Thirty patients with > 6-mont...
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The vagus nerve is involved in the autonomic regulation of physiological homeostasis, through vast innervation of cervical, thoracic and abdominal visceral organs. Stimulation of the vagus with bioelectronic devices represents a therapeutic opportunity for several disorders implicating the autonomic nervous system and affecting different organs. Du...
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Gait issues in Parkinson’s disease (PD) are common and can be highly disabling. Although levodopa and deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus and the globus pallidus internus have been established therapies for addressing the motor symptoms of PD, their effects on gait are less predictable and not well sustained with disease progres...
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Background: Initial evidence have shown the short-term efficacy of sTMS in the acute and preventive treatment of migraine. It is unknown whether this treatment approach in the long-term is effective and well tolerated in difficult-to-treat migraine. Methods: This is a prospective, single centre, open-label, real-world analysis conducted in diffi...
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Brain diseases, including tumors and neurodegenerative disorders, are among the most serious health problems. Non-invasively high-resolution imaging methods are required to gain anatomical structures and information of the brain. In addition, efficient diagnosis technology is also needed to treat brain disease. Rare-earth based materials possess un...
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Background The retrospective study provides real-world evidence for long-term clinical efficacy of electrical optic nerve stimulation (ONS) in glaucoma with progressive vision loss. Methods Seventy glaucoma patients (45 to 86 y) with progressive vision loss despite therapeutic reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) underwent electrical ONS. Close...
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Purpose of Review There is a dearth of robust, peer-reviewed literature detailing the epidemiology, natural history, and sequelae associated with fungal infections of urologic implants, prostheses, and permanent devices. We curated and analyzed the available literature on this topic in concordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic R...
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Purpose of Review The following review discusses the therapeutic potential of targeting the autonomic nervous system (ANS) for osteoarthritis (OA) treatment and encourages the field to consider the candidacy of bioelectronic medicine as a novel OA treatment strategy. Recent Findings The study of OA pathogenesis has focused on changes occurring at...
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In the heart, cardiac function is regulated by the autonomic nervous system (ANS) that extends through the myocardium and establishes junctions at the sinus node and ventricular levels. Thus, an increase or decrease in neuronal activity acutely affects myocardial function and chronically affects its structure through remodeling processes. The neuro...
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Excruciating trigeminal neuralgia (TN) management is very difficult and severely affects the patient’s quality of life. Earlier studies have shown that the trigeminal ganglion (TG) comprises several receptors and signal molecules that are involved in the process of peripheral sensitization, which influences the development and persistence of neurop...
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Background Transcranial static magnetic field stimulation (tSMS) using a small and strong neodymium (NdFeB) magnet can temporarily suppress brain functions below the magnet. It is a promising non-invasive brain stimulation modality because of its competitive advantages such as safety, simplicity, and low-cost. However, current tSMS is insufficient...
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Neuromodulation is used to treat neurological disorders. Focused ultrasound can deliver acoustic energy to local regions of the brain, including deep brain structures. In addition, it is possible to induce the activation or inhibition of nerves through parameter adjustments of focused ultrasound. Laser-generated focused ultrasound (LGFUS) has demon...
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Purpose of Review This review will address current literature on electrical nerve stimulation in the pediatric population for the treatment of non-neurogenic lower urinary tract symptoms. The following therapies will be discussed: parasacral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation (TCPTN...
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Background: There is tentative evidence to support the analgesic effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in fibromyalgia (FM), with large variability in the effect size (ES) encountered in different clinical trials. Understanding the source of the variability and exploring how it relates to the clinical results could characterize e...
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Subthalamic nucleus deep-brain stimulation (STN-DBS), in addition to a rapid improvement of Parkinson’s disease (PD) motor symptoms, can exert fast, local, neuromodulator activity, reducing β-synchronous oscillations between STN and the motor cortex with possible antikinetic features. However, STN-DBS modulation of β-band synchronization in extramo...
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We investigated the effect of low-intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) on gene expression related to alcohol dependence and histological effects on brain tissue. We also aimed at determining the miRNA-mRNA relationship and their pathways in alcohol dependence-induced expression changes after focused ultrasound therapy. We designed a case–control stu...
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The purpose of the study was to describe and compare recovery status after official basketball competition in players who underwent NESA neuromodulation treatment (NNT) in weeks with one or two matches. The recovery parameters of 12 professional male basketball players (mean ± SD, age: 20.6 ± 2.7 yr; height: 197.8 ± 11.7 cm; and body mass: 89.0 ± 2...
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Neuromodulation is recommended by major international guidelines as a fourth-line treatment in bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) patients after failure of behavioural, oral and intravesical pharmacological treatments, including hydrodistension. A non-systematic review of studies identified by electronic search of MEDLINE was perf...
Preprint
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Background Developments regarding technical aspects of repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) have been linked to better results in medication-resistant depression treatment. An intermittent theta-burst (iTBS) rTMS protocol optimized for these findings, namely the Stanford Neuromodulation Therapy, has in fact shown encouraging results...
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Background: Developments regarding technical aspects of repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) have been linked to better results in medication-resistant depression treatment. An intermittent theta-burst (iTBS) rTMS protocol optimized for these findings, namely the Stanford Neuromodulation Therapy, has in fact shown encouraging results...
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The Serotonin Transporter (SERT) regulates extracellular serotonin levels and is the target of most current drugs used to treat depression. The mechanisms by which inhibition of SERT activity influences behavior are poorly understood. To address this question in the model organism Drosophila melanogaster , we developed new loss of function mutation...
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The aim of this review is to draw attention to neurosurgical approaches for treating chronic and opioid-resistant pain. In a first chapter, an up-to-date overview of the main pathophysiological mechanisms of pain has been carried out, with special emphasis on the details in which the surgical treatment is based. In a second part, the principal indi...
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Background Although various treatments help reduce abdominal pain, real-world pain medication utilization among patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) receiving advanced therapies is poorly understood. The aim is to understand the utilization of pain medication 12 months before and after the initiation of advanced therapies a...
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Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) remains an intractable challenge in regenerative medicine. Recently, physical cue‐based strategies (e.g., electrical neurostimulation, acoustic radiation, electromagnetic bioregulation, as well as directional fiber guiding, etc.) have drawn increasing attention not only as a stimulator for cell functions modulation and...
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Aim Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), responsive neurostimulation (RNS), and deep brain stimulation (DBS) all are options for drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). However, little is known about how choice of neurostimulation impacts subsequent healthcare costs. Materials & Methods We used a large healthcare claims database to identify all patients with epi...
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Neuromodulation of deep brain structures via transcranial ultrasound stimulation (TUS) is a promising, but still elusive approach to non-invasive treatment of brain disorders. The purpose of this study was to confirm that MR-guided TUS of the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) can modulate visual evoked potentials (VEPs) in the intact large animal; a...
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The vast majority of cortical synapses are found in the neuropil which is implicated in multiple and diverse functions underlying brain computation. Unraveling the organizing principles of the cortical neuropil requires an intricate characterization of synaptic connections established by excitatory and inhibitory axon terminals, of intrinsic and ex...
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Purposeof Review Migraine is a chronic and disabling disease affecting a significant proportion of the world’s population. There is evidence that gastroparesis, a gastrointestinal (GI) dysmotility disorder in which transit of gastric contents is delayed, can occur in the setting of migraine. This article aims to review recent literature on overlap...
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Purpose of Review The world’s population is aging rapidly, with 40% of patients seen in US gastroenterology (GI) clinics being 60 years or older. Many gastrointestinal problems are more common or unique to the older adult because of progressive damage to the structure and function of the GI tract. Until recently, the epidemiology of disorders of gu...
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The primate neocortex exerts high cognitive ability and strong information processing capacity. Here, we establish a single-cell RNA sequencing dataset of 133,454 macaque visual cortical cells. It covers major cortical cell classes including 25 excitatory neuron types, 37 inhibitory neuron types and all glial cell types. We identified layer-specifi...
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Spinal cord injury can either be complete with no neural communication across the injury level or incomplete with limited communication. Similarly, motor neuron injuries above the sacral spinal cord are classified as upper motor neuron injuries, while those inside the sacral cord are classified as lower motor neuron injuries. Specifically, we provi...
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Aims and objectives: Individual alpha frequency (IAF) is a biomarker of neurophysiological functioning. The IAF-guided repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (α-rTMS) is increasingly explored in diverse neurological conditions. However, there is limited data on the efficacy and safety of α-rTMS in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)....
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In this paper, I explore the nature of medical interventions like neuromodulation on the complex human experience of love. Love is built upon two fundamental natures, viz: the biological and the psychosocial. As a result of this distinction, scientists, and bioethicists have been exploring the possible ways this complex human experience can be biol...
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Background: Limited hip internal rotation range of motion (IR-ROM) and hip abductor weakness are recognized in low back pain (LBP) sufferers. The main aim was to investigate the effect of a ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous neuromodulation (PNM) technique on hip strength in people with LBP. A second purpose was to discover whether the location al...
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Encephalic vascular accident, or stroke, is the most common pathology of the central nervous system in humans, the second leading cause of death and physical and cognitive disabilities, in developing countries. It presents as an ischemic (more common) or hemorrhagic form. Ozone therapy has been shown to be effective in neuromodulation, neuroprotect...
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This review article highlights the historical developments and current state of knowledge of an important neuromodulation technology: low-intensity focused ultrasound. Because compelling studies have shown that focused ultrasound can modulate neuronal activity non-invasively, especially in deep brain structures with high spatial specificity, there...
Preprint
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Transcranial temporal interference stimulation (tTIS) has been reported to be effective in stimulating deep brain structures in experimental studies. However, a computational framework for optimizing the tTIS strategy and simulating the impact of tTIS on the brain is still lacking, as previous methods rely on predefined parameters and hardly adapt...
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Background Chronic mental diseases such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are associated with a high disability rate. Some patients still do not improve their symptoms even with adequate cognitive-behavioral therapy and drug treatment. In the treatment of OCD, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is not considered a neuromodulation modality with su...
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The canonical model of striatal function predicts that animal locomotion is associated with the opposing regulation of protein kinase A (PKA) in direct and indirect pathway striatal spiny projection neurons (SPNs) by dopamine1–7. However, the precise dynamics of PKA in dorsolateral SPNs during locomotion remain to be determined. It is also unclear...
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Objective Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a non-invasive and promising tool to map the brain functional networks in stroke recovery. Our study mainly aimed to use fNIRS to detect the different patterns of resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) in subacute stroke patients with different degrees of upper extremity motor impairm...
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Time-varying caloric vestibular stimulation (tvCVS) is a new form of non-invasive neuromodulation similar to, but different from, diagnostic caloric vestibular stimulation (CVS). Using a non-invasive, solid-state delivery device, tvCVS has been successfully used in a human clinical trial with Parkinson's disease (PD) subjects. Additionally, the eff...
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Mating is essential for the reproduction of animal species. As mating behaviors are high-risk and energy-consuming processes, it is critical for animals to make adaptive mating decisions. This includes not only finding a suitable mate, but also adapting mating behaviors to the animal’s needs and environmental conditions. Internal needs include phys...
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Objective. Epidural spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a potential intervention to improve limb and autonomic functions, with lumbar stimulation improving locomotion and thoracic stimulation regulating blood pressure. Here, we asked whether sacral SCS could be used to target the lower urinary tract and used a high-density epidural electrode array to...
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Stochastic Resonance (SR) describes a phenomenon where an additive noise (stochastic carrier-wave) enhances the signal transmission in a nonlinear system. In the nervous system, nonlinear properties are present from the level of single ion channels all the way to perception and appear to support the emergence of SR. For example, SR has been repeate...
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Neuromodulation with electromagnetic stimulation is widely used for the control of abnormal neural activity, and has been proven to be a valuable alternative to pharmacological tools for the treatment of many neurological diseases. Tremendous efforts have been focused on the design of the stimulation apparatus (i.e., electrodes and magnetic coils)...
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Perception of sensory input is influenced by fluctuations in ongoing neural activity, most prominently driven by attention and neuromodulator systems. It is currently unknown if neuromodulator activity and attention differentially modulate neural activity and perception or whether neuromodulatory systems in fact control attentional processes. We ph...
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High precision neuromodulation is a powerful tool to decipher neurocircuits and treat neurological diseases. Current non-invasive neuromodulation methods offer limited precision at the millimeter level. Here, we report optically-generated focused ultrasound (OFUS) for non-invasive brain stimulation with ultrahigh precision. OFUS is generated by a s...
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Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acute heart failure syndrome. Emotional or physical stressors are believed to precipitate TTS, while the pathophysiological mechanism is not yet completely understood. During the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, an increased incidence of TTS has been reported in some countries; however, the precise pathophysio...
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The chicken gastrointestinal tract has a diverse microbial community. There is increasing evidence for how this gut microbiome affects specific molecular pathways and the overall physiology, nervous system and behavior of the chicken host organism due to a growing number of studies investigating conditions such as host diet, antibiotics, probiotics...
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Various magnetic deep brain stimulation (DBS) methods have been developing rapidly in the last decade for minimizing the invasiveness of DBS. However, current magnetic DBS methods, such as magnetothermal and magnetomechanical stimulation, require overexpressing exogeneous ion channels in the central nervous system (CNS). It is unclear whether magne...
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Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta, RMs) are widely used in sexual maturation studies due to their high genetic and physiological similarity to humans. However, judging sexual maturity in captive RMs based on blood physiological indicators, female menstruation, and male ejaculation behavior can be inaccurate. Here, we explored changes in RMs before an...