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Neurology - Science topic

Neurology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system. To be specific, it deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of disease involving the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle.
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Publications related to Neurology (10,000)
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Article
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Background Prehospital medical problem reporting is essential in the management of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) operations. The consensus-based template for reporting and documenting in physician-staffed prehospital services exists and the classification of medical problems presented in the template is widely used in research and qu...
Article
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Brain death, also commonly referred to as death by neurologic criteria, has been considered a legal definition of death for decades. Its determination involves many considerations and subtleties. In this review, we discuss the philosophy and history of brain death, its clinical determination, and special considerations. We discuss performance of th...
Article
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Emerging evidence from observational studies suggests an increased risk of Parkinson’s disease (PD) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, to date it is not clear whether a causal relationship exists. To investigate whether IBD is causally related to PD, a two-sample Mendelian randomization study was carried out. Independent ge...
Article
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Background Several common conditions have been widely recognised as risk factors for COVID-19 related death, but risks borne by people with rare diseases are largely unknown. Therefore, we aim to estimate the difference of risk for people with rare diseases comparing to the unaffected. Method To estimate the correlation between rare diseases and C...
Article
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Abstract Background Medical emergencies are complex and stressful, especially for the young and inexperienced. Cognitive aids (CA) have been shown to facilitate management of simulated medical emergencies by experienced teams. In this randomized trial we evaluated guideline adherence and treatment efficacy in simulated medical emergencies managed b...
Article
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Background Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a neuro-ophthalmological emergency whose optimal management is still under debate and due to the absence of definite guidelines, practice is expected to vary. We aimed to characterize early evaluation as well as acute treatment and diagnostic approaches in German hospitals with a stroke unit (SU...
Research
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https://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijms/special_issues/Mol_Neurobiol_UK This Topical Collection aims to provide a comprehensive overview of recent advances in molecular Neurobiology in UK by inviting contributions from UK research institutes/laboratories that consolidate our understanding of this area. Topics include, but are not limited to, the followi...
Article
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Background and Objectives The biologic mechanisms underlying neurologic postacute sequelae of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection (PASC) are incompletely understood. Methods We measured markers of neurologic injury (glial fibrillary acidic protein [GFAP], neurofilament light chain [NfL]) and soluble markers of in...
Article
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The United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were set forth in 2015 as a blueprint for all nations to create a more sustainable future together. These 17 social, environmental, and economic goals have established targets to meet globally by the year 2030, with a focus on pro-poor initiatives, gender equality, and ending hunger. The rela...
Article
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Multiple Sclerosis is a neurological autoimmune disease characterized by progressive degeneration due to the myelin attack on the central nervous system. The diagnosis is based essentially on clinical features and additional examinations mainly magnetic resonance imaging findings. The diagnosis of multiple sclerosis requires all defined criteria th...
Article
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This paper analyzes, from a bibliometric viewpoint, those publications that relate COVID-19 and eye indexed in Scopus since the beginning of the pandemic, and it identifies the resulting main research lines. A bibliographic search in the Scopus database was conducted for publications that simultaneously include ocular and visual manifestations and...
Poster
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Heart Transplant Or Durable Ventricular Assist Device ? Post Temporary Ventricular Assist Device In Tracheostomized And Borderline Neurology Patient
Article
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Background: Post craniotomy ischemic optic neuropathy is considered a type of broad group named as Postoperative vision loss (POVL). Ischemic optic neuropathy is the most important and common diagnosis for POVL. Most revised literature mentioned ischemic optic neuropathy occurred after spine not cranial.
Article
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The use of instrumental tools for improving both the diagnostic accuracy and the prognostic soundness in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) plays an important role. However, the most recent international guidelines on DOC published by the American and the European Academies of Neurology and by the UK Royal College of Physicians contain...
Article
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NEUROLOGÍA Introducción La práctica de la neurología clí-nica es el proceso de la actuación médica relacionada con la aten-ción del paciente. Sus componen-tes son: a) la información obtenida a través del examen físico y neu-rológico; y b) las percepciones, los razonamientos, los juicios, los procedimientos, las decisiones y las intervenciones que s...
Article
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Migraine and epilepsy account for more than 40% of neurology outpatients and are leading causes of disability [1]. They often co-exist and can be confused, because of shared clinical features. The borderlands and links between migraine and epilepsy have fascinated neurologists for centuries, and unresolved questions remain. Greater understanding of...
Article
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Patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection (COVID-19) risk developing long-term neurologic symptoms after infection. Here, we identify biomarkers associated with neurologic sequelae one year after hospitalization for SARS-CoV-2 infection. SARS-CoV-2 positive patients were followed using post-SARS-CoV-2 online questionnaires and virtual visits. Hospitalized...
Article
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Psychoneuroendocrinoimmunology is the area of study of the intimate relationship between immune, physical, emotional, and psychological aspects. This new way of studying the human body and its diseases was initiated in the last century’s first decades. However, the molecules that participate in the communication between the immune, endocrine, and ne...
Poster
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Wilson Disease: A Challenging Diagnosis in the Neurology Setting
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Background Extent of resection (EOR) plays a major role in the prognosis on patients with gliomas, although the postoperative functionality of the patient is of great importance as well. It is why many surgeons advocate to not operate extensively on tumors that involve eloquent regions such as the central lobe. Recent series have demonstrated that...
Article
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Introduction Patients with acute ischaemic strokes (AIS), on average, fare better with timely neurologist consultation, and a growing proportion of them receive one. However, little is known about trends in the characteristics of neurologists who treat AIS. Methods We identified AIS and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) episodes with neurologist co...
Article
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Background With evolutions in technique, recent data encourage the use of cerebral perfusion during aortic arch repair. However, a randomized data have demonstrated higher rates of neurologic injury according to MRI lesions using antegrade cerebral perfusion during hemiarch reconstruction. Methods This was a retrospective review of two institution...
Poster
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Data Updates in Myasthenia Gravis: Spring 2022 US Neurology Meetings
Poster
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Optimizing Multiple Sclerosis Care in the General Neurology Setting Interactivity Module
Article
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Objectives: To evaluate associations between sodium bicarbonate use and outcomes during pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrest (p-IHCA). Design: Prespecified secondary analysis of a prospective, multicenter cluster randomized interventional trial. Setting: Eighteen participating ICUs of the ICU-RESUScitation Project (NCT02837497). Patients: Ch...
Article
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Triage is essential for the early diagnosis and reporting of neurologic emergencies. Herein, we report the development of an anomaly detection algorithm (ADA) with a deep generative model trained on brain computed tomography (CT) images of healthy individuals that reprioritizes radiology worklists and provides lesion attention maps for brain CT ima...
Article
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Genetic studies have established a connection between FAT1 (FAT atypical cadherin 1) deletion and variants and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Here, we describe a 7-year-old girl who sought a neurology consultation in order to be evaluated for ASD and was found to have a de novo 4q35.2 duplication containing the FAT1 gene. Similar to other reported...
Article
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Human enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is a globally reemerging respiratory pathogen that is associated with the development of acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) in children. Currently, there are no approved vaccines or treatments for EV-D68 infection, and there is a paucity of data related to the virus and host-specific factors that predict disease severity an...
Article
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Background Minimally invasive intracranial drain placement is a common neurosurgical emergency procedure in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We aimed to retrospectively investigate the accuracy of conventional freehand (bedside) hemorrhage drain placement and to prospectively compare the accuracy of augmented/mixed reality-guided (AR)...
Article
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Background: Drug adherence is often assessed from patients' reports and confirmed with therapeutic drug monitoring. The study investigated the relationship between reports of drug adherence and drug levels of carbamazepine among adult patients on carbamazepine monotherapy. Methods: 84 consecutively consenting patients who had been on carbamazepine...
Article
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Objectives: To review the referral and clinical characteristics of adult patients diagnosed with lysosomal storage diseases (LSD) through the Undiagnosed Diseases Network (UDN). Methods: Retrospective review of both application and evaluation records for adults admitted to the UDN with a final diagnosis of a lysosomal storage disease. Results:...
Article
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Hintergrund: Die Entwicklung der Neurologie verlief in beiden deutschen Staaten nach 1945 unterschiedlich, wobei nur wenig über die Neurologie in der DDR bekannt ist. Fragestellung: Der Stand der historischen Forschung zur Neurologie in der DDR soll aufgezeigt werden. Material und Methode: Es erfolgte eine systematische Literaturrecherche für den Z...
Article
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Purpose: Vertebral artery occlusion (VAO) is an increasingly recognized complication of cervical spine trauma. However, the management strategy of VAO remains heavily debated. Therefore, the aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the safety of early fusion surgery for traumatic VAO. Methods: This study included a total of 241 patient...
Article
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Sir Harry Sinderson Pasha is always mentioned by the members of the Iraqi medical community and Iraqi historians as the founder of the Royal College of Medicine of Iraq. When we want to list Iraqi doctors who shared with him this hard and noble mission, Hashim Al- Witry and Saib Shawkat would certainly featured on the top of the list.1 The former w...
Article
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Objectives Our objective was to identify the genetic cause in a family with a remarkable history of neurodevelopmental disease and growth retardation. Methods A neurologic evaluation was performed, and DNA samples were obtained from the affected siblings and parents to perform whole-exome sequencing (WES). Results Both siblings presented with dys...
Article
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Background Neuropsychiatric (NP) involvement and fatigue are major problems in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). S100A8/A9 is a marker of inflammation and responds to therapy in SLE patients. S100A8/A9 has an immunopathogenic role in various neurological diseases. We investigated S100A8/A9 in relation to NP-involvement and fatigue in SLE. Method...
Article
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Oral isotretinoin is a well-known, effective medication used in the treatment of severe cystic acne. While efficacious, the potential side effects of isotretinoin are often discussed and may cause concern for patients. Although most side effects of this medication are mild, other more concerning adverse effects have been reported. Of note, isotreti...
Article
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Background: Headaches are a major focus of public health efforts. Because stress and emotional disturbances play a role in various forms of headaches, emotion regulation can be thought of as a factor in adaptation and successful control of this illness. The effectiveness of cognitive emotion management strategies in women and men with migraine head...
Article
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The Brazilian Society of Neurological Research (SBIN) was founded on December 19, 2000, by a group of neurol-ogists headed by Professor Lineu César Werneck, MD, Ph.D., to promote scientific development and cultural diversity in neurology and neurosciences. The criteria for members' admission have always been strict, and the group reached 80% of phy...
Presentation
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Assessing the sensory neurologic system
Article
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Background Adherence and persistence are critical to optimising therapeutic benefit from disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). This prospective, open-label, multicentre, observational study (AubPRO), conducted in 13 hospital-based neurology clinics around Australia, describes treatment satisfaction in...
Article
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Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection is commonly associated with neurological complications. Patients with sickle cell disease are at increased risk of developing neurologic complications throughout their lifetimes and often have underlying cardiopulmonary comorbidities that may predispose them to poor outcomes durin...
Article
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Introduction Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) would disproportionately affect blacks within mixed populations. However, they are rarely reported in black African. The objective of this work was to report the experience of Togo, a West African country in terms of NMOSD. Methods This is a series of six cases diagnosed between 2015 and...
Article
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Background Poor diet quality has been found to be an independent risk factor for mortality in stroke. However, it is unknown to what extent Neurologists are trained and are comfortable enough to provide dietary counseling to stroke patients. Objective To assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of neurology residents relating to dietary coun...
Article
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Background The epilepsies are highly heritable conditions that commonly follow complex inheritance. While monogenic causes have been identified in rare familial epilepsies, most familial epilepsies remain unsolved. We aimed to determine (1) whether common genetic variation contributes to familial epilepsy risk, and (2) whether that genetic risk is...
Article
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Introduction Distinct physiological states arise from complex interactions among the various organs present in the human body. PET is a non-invasive modality with numerous successful applications in oncology, neurology, and cardiology. However, while PET imaging has been applied extensively in detecting focal lesions or diseases, its potential in d...
Article
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Virtual care is here to stay. The explosive expansion of telehealth caused by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is more than a necessary measure of protection. The key drivers of this transition in healthcare delivery to a virtual setting are changes in patient behavior and expectations and societal attitudes, and prevailing technologies that are impossible...
Article
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Background At present, studies regarding the efficacy and safety of tenecteplase for the treatment of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) are still limited and inconsistent. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to compare the efficacy and safety of tenecteplase with alteplase for the treatment of AIS patients. Methods L...
Article
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Purpose: Supracondylar fractures (SCF) of the humerus is one of the commonest global health concerns among children and need a rigorous management process to obtain satisfactory outcomes. It is of paramount importance to use systematic guidelines to aid abate bad fracture outcomes. The study primarily sought to determine the functional and radiolo...
Article
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Background The evaluation of autoimmune encephalitis (AIE) usually includes antibody testing with commercial kits capable of detecting only preselected antibodies. A non-antigen-specific assay may help detect other antibodies. In this study, we evaluate the utility and clinical relevance of an immunofluorescence assay (IFA) in the evaluation of AIE...
Thesis
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Education has been the focus of extensive debate related to design. The main reason for this controversy is information asymmetry between ‘teaching’ and ‘learning’ in design education. In other words, wording used in design education has a structure that is difficult to reproduce as images in the brains of trainees who receive them. Most design cou...
Article
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Antecedentes: La epilepsia es una patología frecuente en pediatría; representa el mayor número de referencias al Servicio de Neurología. En Honduras son pocas las publicaciones recientes del tema. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas y sociodemográficas de pacientes con epilepsia en un centro nacional de referencia pediátrica. Métodos:...
Article
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Brilliant authors Raghavendra Rao MV, M. M. Karindas, Ilie Vasiliev, Mahendra Kumar Verma, Jerryson A Gidisu, Dilip Mathai, Srikanth Bhandari and Mubasheer Ali under the guidance of the world famous outstanding talented professor Raghavendra Rao MV with the support of SRI in collaboration with the World Academy of Medical Sciences under the leaders...
Article
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Objective: Vitamin D is associated with neurological deficits in patients with cerebral infarction. This study uses machine learning to evaluate the prediction model's efficacy of the correlation between vitamin D and neurological deficit in patients with cerebral infarction. Methods: A total of 200 patients with cerebral infarction admitted to...
Article
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The novel mRNA vaccinations against COVID-19 are gaining worldwide attention for their potential efficacy, as well as for the diagnosis of some post-vaccination-reported adverse reactions. In this state-of-the-art review article, we present the current evidence regarding mainly the diagnosis of spontaneous allergic reactions, the skin occurrences,...
Poster
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Anatomical Findings During Microsurgical Decompression for Classical Trigeminal Neuralgia Arturo Santoyo Pantoja, Adriana Fernanda Segura Zenón, Mauro Alberto Segura Lozano, Aarón Giovanni Munguía Rodríguez, Alejandro González Silva, Yael Rodrigo Torres Torres. Neurología Segura, Morelia, México. Introduction Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a seve...
Article
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Introduction: Respiratory therapists (RTs) in the intensive care unit can at times find themselves involved in and assisting during the performance of the apnea test (ApT). The ApT is a clinically complex procedure and is the last part of the clinical declaration of death by neurologic criteria (DNC) protocol and requires close collaboration betwe...
Article
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Aim The aim of this study was to explore how patients with neurological disease experienced a COVID-19 visitor ban and to identify ways of improving the quality of care. Background In March 2020, a temporary visitor ban was introduced in Danish hospitals to reduce the spread of COVID-19. This led to changes in clinical practice, leaving patients w...
Poster
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Networks in Neurology: Insights From a Collaborative CME Experience With Practicing Clinicians Regarding New Agents and Strategies for Multiple Sclerosis
Article
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Background No comparison of a single hypervascular tumor entity in terms of major complications in different spinal regions has been performed. We aimed to evaluate post-embolic and post-operative outcomes in anatomic regions with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) metastases to the spine. Methods We retrospectively evaluated data from patients with confi...
Chapter
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Sam Harris (2010) argues that, given our neurology, we can experience well-being, and that seeking to maximize this state lets us distinguish the good from the bad. He takes our ability to compare degrees of well-being as his starting point, but I think that the analysis can be pushed further, since there is a (non-religious) reason why well-being...