Science topic

Neolithic - Science topic

Explore the latest publications in Neolithic, and find Neolithic experts.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Neolithic (10,000)
Sorted by most recent
Article
Full-text available
Human perturbation and its impact on vegetation and plant diversity during the Holocene have caused serious concerns for the biogeological and geoarchaeological communities. As a centre of origin of rice agriculture, the lower Yangtze region (LYR) has a long history of human occupation over most of the Holocene. However, early anthropogenic impacts...
Article
Full-text available
Loess landscapes are highly susceptible to soil redeposition processes and thus may provide detailed insights into the record of denudation processes. Using optically stimulated luminescence dating and the soil micromorphology of 12 soil profiles, we reconstructed a complete record of denudation processes in south-western Poland. The first episode...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the landscapes of Neolithic communities found within Costa da Morte (Coast of Death), Galicia. Its goal is to uncover whether or not the megalithic monuments of a particular and coherent area of the south-eastern side of the Atlantic Façade are situated in relation to complex locational variables. In particular, in this pape...
Article
Full-text available
Palynological and archaeobotanical analyses have been carried out as part of the interdisciplinary project of Colombare di Negrar, a prehistoric site in the Lessini Mountains (northern Italy). The palaeoenvironmental and economic reconstruction from the Late Neolithic to the beginning of the Early Bronze Age was based on 16 pollen samples and three...
Article
Full-text available
This study is the first report on the mtDNA profile of human settlements of the Konjuh and Majevica mountains of northeastern Bosnia. The aims of this study were: a) determination of mitochondrial genetic structure of populations of the Konjuh and Majevica mountains of northeastern Bosnia; b) detection of trace of ancient of mtDNA variations; and c...
Chapter
Full-text available
Ornaments made from Lithoglyphus naticoides shells are known from archaeological sites in Central and Southern Europe dating back to the Paleolithic and Mesolithic however, these ornaments most frequently occur in the Neolithic and Middle Copper Age. The largest concentration of the ornaments is known from the area of the Iron Gates (Romanian and H...
Article
Full-text available
Petrous bones and teeth are the skeletal elements most often targeted by researchers for ancient DNA (aDNA) extraction, and the sources of the majority of previously published ancient African genomes. However, the high temperature environments that characterise much of Africa often lead to poor preservation of skeletal remains. Here, we successfull...
Thesis
Full-text available
The study of bone tools is one of the branches that take the first true steps in Georgia today. This explains the fact that the bone tools discovered on this territory are fragmentarily studied. Therefore, I faced the problem of terminology and typology even for well-studied Shomu-Shulaveri Culture. This research is an attempt to eradicate this pro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Global agro-biodiversity has resulted from processes of plant migration and agricultural adoption. Although critically affecting current diversity, crop diffusion from antiquity to the middle-ages is poorly researched, overshadowed by studies on that of prehistoric periods. A new archaeobotanical dataset from three Negev Highland desert sites demon...
Article
Full-text available
The transition to the Neolithic on the East European Plain was a very different process to the Western model, featuring a long-lasting hunter-gatherer economy and late introduction of agriculture. The authors present results from multiproxy research on a 13.5m-deep core of organic deposits from the Serteya mire as part of an international research...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The 42nd conference of the Association for Environmental Archaeology will be hosted at the University of Glasgow over the 2nd — 4th December 2022; colleagues from the University of Pennsylvania will co-host aspects of the programme remotely. Humans do not live in isolation from nature. In this conference, we would like to explore our changing rela...
Presentation
Full-text available
Austroasiatic Etymologies of Words Related to Household Structures Mark Alves Limited detail is available in archaeological studies of the house from the Southeast Asian Neolithic after the agricultural expansion c. 2000 BCE (e.g., Higham 2017), as most of those materials leave no trace in the archaeological record, though there are numerous studie...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses upon alterity and how we can more fully embrace intimations of otherness in our dealings with prehistoric monuments. Taking as its inspiration recent attempts to explain such structures, and the landscapes of which they were part, it makes two arguments. First, that while ethnographic analogies offer a vital point of departure fo...
Article
Full-text available
The chart relating molar wear to age published by Brothwell in 1963 is widely used to estimate age at death in archaeological adult human skeletal remains, especially in Britain, but also more widely. The chart was based on examination of juvenile and adult dentitions from Neolithic to Medieval periods from Britain, but few further details of mater...
Article
Full-text available
What is Hua-Xia? How and when did the Hua-Xia ethnic group and Hua-Xia tradition come into being? As the spatial and temporal framework, the connotative features and the genealogy of the archaeological culture become increasingly clear, we can identify two important periods of prehistoric archaeological cultures that may have played key roles in th...
Chapter
Full-text available
Analyses of Middle-Neolithic pottery from two settlements on Bornholm, Denmark. One group of pottery was made from a kaolin-rich clay likely by a restricted group of potters.
Article
Full-text available
Megalithism is a cultural phenomenon associated with mortuary rituals. Societies that practise megalithism construct burials and memorials using stone slabs in memory of the dead as a form of ancestor worship. Archaeological evidence shows that the remains of these cultural practices that originated during the Neolithic period, occur in various geo...
Article
Full-text available
Building upon the idea of Douglass Bailey that prehistoric figurines represent actual individuals, it is suggested here that their makers represented people in the manner they perceived them, following the role models familiar from their own society. This further implies that, on the grounds of certain indicators, it may be possible to identify soc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ancient DNA (aDNA) can prove a valuable resource when investigating the evolutionary relationships between ancient and modern populations. Performing demographic inference using datasets that include aDNA samples however, requires statistical methods that explicitly account for the differences in drift expected among a temporally distributed sample...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
n this book a new linguistic analytic approach – called glyphonetics (a compound of glyph and phonetics) – is proposed, and a few of glyphonetical signs or characters – together with other, logographical, ideographical and picto-phonetical (or phono-semantic) characters – are used to re-decipher the early stories about the Chinese civilization that...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of Neolithic societies was transformative, impacting many aspects of life, particularly diet. The process of Neolithization in Iberia is increasingly understood as the arrival of new people from the Central Mediterranean, who dispersed along the Iberian coasts introducing cereal production, herding, and Cardial pottery and associated...
Preprint
Full-text available
Beibai’e cemetery is a high-status noble tomb group of the early Spring-Autumn period (770 B.C − 476 B.C). A sealed bronze pot with mud and liquid residue was excavated from M1 tomb. The previous investigation showed that the residue was fruit fermented wine since the syringic acid was identified. However, it is in contradiction with the tradition...
Preprint
Full-text available
This data base is developed as a by-product of the author's river-research titled The Evolution of the Ottoman House . 4 parts of this independent work, which is evolving into a book , have been published as conference proceedings and articles. The study started with a research presented at the Conservation and Implementation of Wooden Structures S...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the current state of research on the Early Neolithic flint quarry of Pozarrate (Treviño, Burgos) in the north of Spain. This site is part of the Prehistoric Flint Mining Complex of Treviño. The geological features of the territory made it a suitable place for the exploitation of the Treviño flint since Paleolithic times, especia...
Preprint
Full-text available
An assessment of the evidence for the megalithic yard and the use of a pendulum-plus-star timing method as the origin of its length and its subsequent site calibration. The project included experimental work to test the viability of the equipment being manufactured and used under neolithic technology constraints
Article
Full-text available
Perono Cacciafoco. Francesco. (2022). The Puzzle of a Horn: An Etymology for the Word 'Gemshorn'. Annals of the University of Craiova: Series Philology, Linguistics / Analele Universității Din Craiova: Seria Ştiințe Filologice, Linguistică, 44, 1 / 2: 141-154 - This paper is aimed at providing an etymological reconstruction for the word 'gemsho...
Article
Full-text available
In the second half of the fifth millennium BC, a new model of supply and processing of siliceous rocks appeared in western Lesser Poland (Małopolska). The existing methods of production of blades and flakes from small cores obtained at a short distance from the settlement were supplemented by those enabling the production of much longer blades from...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeological site predictive modeling is widely adopted in archaeological research and cultural resource management. It is conducive to archaeological excavation and reveals the progress of human social civilization. Xiangyang City is the focus of this paper. We selected eight geographical variables as the influencing variables, which are elevati...
Article
Full-text available
From the period of the Neanderthals to those of the Late Neolithic populations, the Bükk Mountains region played an important part in the lives of various prehistoric societies, and the varied geological history of this territory provided distinct circumstances for the production of stone implements. The major goal of our research is to outline the...
Article
Full-text available
In 2011 and 2012, Sønderskov Museum investigated an area of 65,000 m2 at Nørre Holsted, between Esbjerg and Vejen. The investigation revealed a multitude of features and structures dating from several periods, including extensive settlement remains from the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Excavations have also been carried out in this area previousl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Archaeologists view the Neolithic Revolution as a process of the spread of agriculture and pastoralism. In fact, this understanding of the Neolithic Revolution is due to the logical error of treating the concomitant process as the main content of the phenomenon. Farming and pastoralism were only one of the many innovations that spread during the Pr...
Article
Full-text available
Computational methods recently gained momentum in archaeological science, particularly affecting large site distribution samples and environmental explanatory parameters. However, quantitative and environmental archaeology are still considered to be limited to a small number of experts and thus less ready to use in general research. Here, we presen...
Article
Full-text available
The Neolithic began with the agricultural revolution. People became sedentary and began to cultivate plants, and raise animals. They observed that the agrarian year is in accordance with the annual motion of some bright stars seen from our latitude. Before proper calendars existed, people had no way of determining when to sow or harvest except by t...
Chapter
Full-text available
La Draga is an early Neolithic pile-dwelling settlement dated between 5324-4796 cal BC. It is located on the shore of Lake Banyoles (Girona, NE Iberia). The site stands out for: being one of the first evidence of the Neolithization process in the NE of the Iberian Peninsula; being one of the earliest open-air occupations in the region; and, for hav...
Article
Full-text available
The human microbiome has recently become a valuable source of information about host life and health. To date little is known about how it may have evolved during key phases along our history, such as the Neolithic transition towards agriculture. Here, we shed light on the evolution experienced by the oral microbiome during this transition, compari...
Article
Full-text available
Red slipped and painted wares (RSW and RPW) were manufactured to cook, serve, or store foods and liquids in the middle Yangtze River valley (MYRV) of China some 8500 and 7800 years ago, respectively. Their primary use narrowed down to serving and drinking in the Upper Qujialing (5300–4500 cal BP) and Shijiahe (4500–4200 cal BP) periods when initial...
Article
Full-text available
Although marine resources are known to have been exploited by both foragers and early farmers in Scotland, the importance of seafood to the diets of Neolithic groups has been widely debated. Here we present paired stable isotope (δ13C and δ15N) and radiocarbon measurements on Early Neolithic human remains from Raschoille Cave in Oban. These are com...
Article
Full-text available
The beginning of settlement in the Silveh River Basin dates back to the Neolithic period and then the Late Chalcolithic period. at the end of the sixth millennium and the beginning of the fifth millennium BC, the region has been densely populated by human societies. The study of the settlement model helps to study the formation of ancient sites in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Computational methods recently gained momentum in archaeological science, particularly affecting large site distribution samples and environmental explanatory parameters. However, quantitative and environmental archaeology are still considered to be limited to a small number of experts and thus less ready to use in general research. Here, we presen...
Article
Full-text available
There are two main hypotheses about the localization of the Indo- European homeland. The first connects the spread of the Indo-Europeans with the migrations of the kurgan cultures of the Ponto-Caspian steppes, primarily the Yamnaya. Therefore, the hypothesis was called “kurgan”. The second hypothesis assumes the localization of the Indo-European ho...
Article
Full-text available
Cities first appeared between 6000 and 5000 B.C., but they were mostly based on Neolithic agrarian society. Later, with the development of the plough, the wheel-cart, the boat, metallic utensils, etc., and the system of watering fields, the Nile, Tigris, Euphrates, and Indus valleys began the production of excess food grains. As a result, a social...
Article
Full-text available
The origins of agriculture lie in the distant past, approximately 12 000 years ago, when hunter-gatherers of the Palaeolithic embraced sedentism at the dawn of the Neolithic. The variety of life history transitions emanating from this unique phenomenon have had an enormous impact on the biodiversity of the planet, while subjecting humanity to a var...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of scattered prehistoric human bones in caves and sinkholes is common in many regions of Iberia. These are usually interpreted as erratic elements coming from burial contexts, usually collective associations. These burial contexts are very frequent in karst areas of the Iberian Peninsula since the Early Neolithic, mostly in the Late Ne...
Book
Full-text available
This work is an intensive study of the Neolithic deposition of copper objects from Neuenkirchen in North-East Germany. This unique ensemble represents one of the very rare hoard finds from the early Early Neolithic, and is the first of its kind for nearly 100 years, matched only by the famous younger hoard find from Bygholm (Denmark). The beginnin...
Article
Full-text available
Research on prehistoric personal ornaments has focused on patterns in materials, technology and processes of change but struggles to place human thought and action at the centre of interpretation. However, striking examples of variations in production, altered and mended ornaments and different levels of skill visible in the quality of finished pro...
Article
Full-text available
Paper presents for the first time summarized data on the past distribution of red deer in Bulgaria, based on 131 proven localities, most of being former human settlements. In the Pleistocene red deer's localities were distributed between 40 and 811 m a.s.l. and the majority of them (70.4 %) were located between 200 and 500 m a.s.l. In general, the...
Article
Full-text available
The faunal remains from the late Neolithic site of Ness of Brodgar on the Orkney Islands (UK) provide a unique opportunity to investigate past adaptations of animal husbandry strategies to the Northern island environment, as well as the potential management of red deer. In this study, sheep and red deer mandibles and loose teeth (dP 4 & M 3) from t...
Chapter
Full-text available
Located in the westernmost sector of the Pyrenees, the Grotte d'Isturitz opens in the carbonate massif of the Gaztelu hill, forming part of the Isturitz-Oxocelhaya-Erberua karstic system. Known since ancient times by the inhabitants of the Erberua valley and mentioned in texts since the 17th century, the cavity contains evidence of human activity f...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between prehistoric populations and water is often poorly understood, partly as a function of historical reliance on qualitative and fragmentary datasets in many regions. Here, we adopt a quantitative approach to analyze a specific aspect of the relationship between prehistoric populations and water for the Cotswold Hills, southwes...
Article
Full-text available
Los estudios tecnológicos aplicados a los recipientes cerámicos se están generalizando en diferentes contextos arqueológicos. La aplicación de una metodología analítica y exhaustiva basada en la identificación de las macro trazas de fabricación muestran información sobre las diferentes soluciones técnicas, gestos y procedimientos que el artesanado...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding how evolutionary pressures related to climate change have shaped the current genetic background of domestic animals is a fundamental pursuit of biology. Here, we generated whole-genome sequencing data from native goat populations in Iraq and Pakistan. Combined with previously published data on modern, ancient (Late Neolithic to Mediev...
Article
Full-text available
This paper offers an overview of the archaeo-anthropological records as they may reflect on the human perspectives during the Proto-Neolithic period in the highlands of the Zagros Mountains, in Shanidar of Iraqi Kurdistan, the encountered challenges and efforts for survivorship, the unprecedented changes in the perceived environments from hunting a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Agriculture is not a profession but a part of their life for people living in rural India. India has about 195 million hectares of area under cultivation and around 65 million hectares under forests. India can be divided into 15 agro-climatic zones that have a diversity of soil types, weather patterns, and crop-growing potential. India is the world...
Article
Full-text available
Most European hunter-gatherers slowly assimilated into farming communities during the Neolithic period. In the north these groups persisted far longer. In this paper, we present evidence from what may be one of the most recent non-agricultural sites in the region, where a marine hunter-gatherer lifestyle may have continued until as late as the 15th...
Article
Full-text available
The chromosomal region 17q21.31 harbors a 900 kb inversion polymorphism named after the microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) gene. Since no recombination occurs, two haplotypes are recognized: a directly oriented variant (H1) and an inverted variant (H2). The H2 haplotype features a distribution pattern with high frequencies in the Near East a...
Article
Full-text available
Five decades after the United Nation's first conference on the environment in 1972, the IPCC warned that ‘any further delay in concerted anticipatory global action on adaptation and mitigation will miss a brief and rapidly closing window of opportunity to secure a liveable and sustainable future for all’. Faced with steeply rising greenhouse gas em...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence and intensification of transcontinental exchange during both the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age profoundly influenced the social history of Eurasia. While scholars have intensively discussed east-west long-distance communication along the proto-Silk Road, the north-south transport networks that connected China to South and Southeast As...
Preprint
Full-text available
The origins of agriculture and pottery were generally believed to contribute to the changes of human food resources and the innovations of cooking technologies in the Neolithic China. Hence, the investigations of the co-evolutions in human food resources, cooking technologies and pottery functions will provide a new perspective for understanding th...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper presents a methodological contribution to rock art archaeology by demonstrating the benefits of hyperspectral imaging, a relatively new method, for the understanding of rock art sites. It illustrates the complementarity of VNIR hyperspectral imaging, applied in rare cases to rock archaeology, and SWIR hyperspectral imaging, implemented h...
Article
Full-text available
Fishing was an important form of subsistence economy among ancient societies. However, details of past fishing activities have been rarely studied in China. This paper uses data extracted from a modern fish collection to estimate the body size and age of Chinese sea bass from the Guye site, a common species that is frequently discovered in archaeol...
Article
Full-text available
Human-environment dynamics in past societies has been a major field of research in the Mediterranean for a long time, but has grown significantly following the increase in the number and quality of palaeoclimate and palaeoenvironmental records in the last two decades. Here we sketch the outline of this field of research based on 1,531 author keywor...
Article
Full-text available
The publication presents the preliminary results of the study of two Neolithic pits (21 and 24), which were discovered during rescue excavations of the multi-layered settlement of Rivne Beach 1A in 2019. The settlement was first discovered by B. A. Pryschepa and has been the subject of several research projects. Of particular note are the excavatio...
Presentation
Full-text available
Shell bracelets have attained a distinctive role in the narrative of the Aegean Neolithic, acknowledged and placed in the context of special economic, symbolic, and commercial value of the Mediterranean-derived Spondylus and Glycymeris artifacts. This paper gathers new data and re-examines the (fragmented) Aegean Neolithic seashell bracelets regard...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence and intensification of transcontinental exchange during both the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age profoundly influenced the social history of Eurasia. While scholars have intensively discussed east-west long-distance communication along the proto-Silk Road, the north-south transport networks that connected China to South and Southeast As...
Presentation
Full-text available
This paper investigates the evidence from the study of large archaeomalacological assemblages from several sites in Neolithic northern Greece with the aim to sketch the history of interactions between people and the waterscapes in the area during the Neolithic period (6700/6500 – 3300/3100 BCE). In this endeavor, it examines the production and use...
Article
Full-text available
Studies related to prehistoric, Circum-Alpine lakeside settlements have for the last decade or so begun to focus increasingly on the reconstruction of its inhabitant’s social dimensions of life. More traditional models attempting to explain the often-fleeting settlement patterns set in a tightly managed cultural landscape focusing on climate and ec...
Article
Full-text available
EXTRAIT This interdisciplinary study allowed me to establish, on the basis of linguistic, genetic, archaeological, historical and religious data, that linguistic concordances between Gaulish and Slavic were linked with Neolithic migrations from NorthWestern India and Pakistan to Iran, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, the Caucasus, the North of the Black Sea,...
Presentation
Full-text available
In Prehistoric art, the term "Neolithic art" describes all arts and crafts created by societies who had abandoned the semi-nomadic lifestyle of hunting and gathering food in favour of farming and animal husbandry. Not surprisingly, therefore, ancient pottery, including terracotta sculpture, was the major art form of the Neolithic, although human cr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present study confirms that the “Episkopi” Neolithic site is of twofold importance: it adds fresh data to the poor Neolithic record of Epirus and documents the presence of Melian obsidian in the region of Ioannina for the first time.
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the first known and systematically excavated Middle Neolithic pottery workshop in southwestern Thessaly at Imvrou Pigadi. The excavations and in situ finds, along with the pronounced kiln structures, their typological classification and pyrotechnological operation, suggests considerable expertise in pottery manufacture. The pott...
Article
Full-text available
Despite decades of lively debate about Taiwan’s role in the spread of early agriculture, crops and cultivation practices to the Indo-Pacific region, there is little archaeobotanical data from the island. Here we present the first directly dated and systematically analysed macrobotanical records from Taiwan obtained by flotation at the archaeologica...