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Negation - Science topic

The syntactic-semantic study of negation.
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Publications related to Negation (10,000)
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The earliest representations of God (or gods) in many religious traditions were associated with various kinds of anthropomorphisation. On the other hand, the earliest Greek philosophers already criticised this anthropomorphic thinking about the gods. We find such a criticism in a passage by Xenophanes (6th century BC): “But if horses or oxen or lio...
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The reliable and cost-efficient manufacturing of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is essential to fulfil their ever-growing demand. Cell death in bioreactors reduces productivity and product quality, and is largely attributed to apoptosis. In perfusion bioreactors, this leads to the necessity of a bleed stream, which negatively affects the overall proc...
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This article explores Jacques Rancière’s critique of political philosophy. I argue that, to understand this critique, it is necessary to explore the aesthetic dimension of philosophers’ politics, pointing out that, at its foundation, lies a certain understanding of time that, paradoxically, negates political practice. To get out of this paradox, I...
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In times of crisis, communication by leaders is essential for mobilizing an effective public response. During the COVID-19 pandemic, compliance with public health guidelines has been critical for the prevention of infections and deaths. We assembled a corpus of over 1500 pandemic-related speeches, containing over 4 million words, delivered by all 5...
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Phenotypic differences among breeding lines that introduce the same superior gene allele can be a barrier to effective development of cultivars with desirable traits in some crop species. For example, a deficient mutation of the Protein Disulfide Isomerase Like 1–1 ( PDIL1-1 ) gene can cause accumulation of glutelin seed storage protein precursors...
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Introduction The consumption of yerba mate (YM), a source of antioxidants, in a fasted state increases fatty acid oxidation (FAT ox ) during low–moderate-intensity exercise and improves performance in high-intensity exercise. However, the impact of a pre-exercise carbohydrate (CHO) meal on YM effects during exercise is unknown. Objective We invest...
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The data-embedding process is one of the bottlenecks of quantum machine learning, potentially negating any quantum speedups. In light of this, more effective data-encoding strategies are necessary. We propose a photonic-based bosonic data-encoding scheme that embeds classical data points using fewer encoding layers and circumventing the need for no...
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Objective Even though extensive studies have surveyed long non-coding RNA (lncRNA)-related networks in hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD), the concrete function of lncRNA H19 (H19) in HIBD is still in ambiguity. Therein, this work intends to decipher H19-related network of microRNA (miR)-140-5p and signal transducer and activator of transcription...
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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged in late 2019, with the first case identified in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, on 12 December 2019. In order to perceive the comprehensive impact of this pandemic, we have to know that misinformation and denials about COVID-19 have surely exacerbated its diffusion and hindered the response against it....
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Certain religious texts are deemed part of legal texts that are characterised by high sensitivity and sacredness. Amongst such religious texts are Islamic legal texts that are replete with Islamic legal terms that designate particular legal concepts peculiar to Islamic legal system and legal culture. However, from the syntactic perspective, Islamic...
Article
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Microbes regulate soil health by negating ecological disturbances, and improve plant productivity in a sustainable manner. Indiscriminate application of pesticides creates a detrimental impact on the rhizospheric microbiota, thereby affecting soil health. Azadirachtin, earlier believed to be an environment-friendly alternative to chemical pesticide...
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Methyl acrylate (MA) and ethyl acrylate (EA) had previously tested positive for mutagenicity in vitro, but in vivo studies were negative. One of the metabolism pathways of alkyl acrylates is conjugation with glutathione. The glutathione availability is restricted in standard in vitro test systems so that they do not reflect the in vivo metabolism i...
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Cramer and Shoup introduced at Eurocrypt’02 the concept of hash proof system, also designated as smooth projective hash functions. Since then, they have found several applications, from building CCA-2 encryption as they were initially created for, to being at the core of several authenticated key exchange or even allowing witness encryption. In the...
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In this article, we take into consideration two semantics of the future tense: linearism, according to which future-tense sentences are interpreted on a single history, and universalism, according to which they are evaluated by universally quantifying on the plurality of future histories that radiate from the present instant. Specifically, we focus...
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Nissim Ezekiel, a poet of Bene Israel origin, has been famous for his materialistic descriptions and understanding of the temporal and ethereal aspects of the world. He explores the world and discerns his concerns for the temporary facets of life and gradually moves to the unknown realm of the philosophy and spirituality. Unlike most other poets an...
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The static magnetic fields (SMFs) impact on biological systems, induce a variety of biological responses, and have been applied to the clinical treatment of diseases. However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unclear. In this report, by using human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as a model, we investigated the biological effect of SMFs at a...
Article
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Background Vascular endothelial growth factor D (VEGFD), a member of the VEGF family, is implicated in angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis, and is deemed to be expressed at a low level in cancers. S-nitrosylation, a NO (nitric oxide)-mediated post-translational modification has a critical role in angiogenesis. Here, we attempt to dissect the role an...
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This article examines naked protests as efforts to advocate for social justice, particularly against patriarchal oppression and state violence. It explores ways in which women use naked body protests as a form of resistance, thereby negating dominant narratives of its impropriety. Naked protests are examined for how they might be mobilised against...
Preprint
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Hybrid Knowledge Bases based on Lifschitz's logic of Minimal Knowledge with Negation as Failure are a successful approach to combine the expressivity of Description Logics and Logic Programming in a single language. Their syntax, defined by Motik and Rosati, disallows function symbols. In order to define a well-founded semantics for MKNF HKBs, Knor...
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The development and deployment of robotics to assist humans working in, or at distance from extreme environments, such as the nuclear industry, high and low temperature environments, in offshore maintenance, the mega-construction industry and deep mining has rapidly progressed and may now be considered standard practice in many projects. In all ins...
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Justification theory is an abstract unifying formalism that captures semantics of various non-monotonic logics. One intriguing problem that has received significant attention is the consistency problem: under which conditions are justifications for a fact and justifications for its negation suitably related. Two variants of justification theory exi...
Chapter
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'Imperialism was and still is political philosophy whose aim and purpose for being is territorial expansion and its legitimisation' over the land and its resources which do not belong to it along with the denial of the rights and negate the very existence of its legitimate inhabitants, as they are aliens, others, and therefore inferior, could be co...
Conference Paper
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In recent decades much of the research on Basque historical linguistics has focused on reconstructing specific features of the proto-language, mostly within the fields of phonology and morphology (Hualde 1997; Manterola 2009; Lakarra 2011; Martínez-Areta (ed.) 2013; Igartua 2015; Aldai 2020). As a result of this trend, the reconstruction of some ar...
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Streptococcus pneumoniae continues to cause significant disease burden. Whilst pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) have substantially reduced this burden, serotype replacement partially negates this success due to increased disease associated with non-vaccine serotypes (NVTs). Continued surveillance is therefore essential to provide crucial epide...
Preprint
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The author proves that other cycle/s exists when 0 or No Movement = Step or Combination of Steps. And this is only possible for 4-2-1. Odd step means a rise which is "negated" or number decreased in value by two successive following even steps. A number could reach "infinity" if those odd steps are not negated which is only possible for a no ending...
Article
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Native speakers of English have a strong preference for transferred negation as opposed to non-transferred negation. The present study aims to examine whether young Chinese-speaking ESL learners have a target-like preference for transferred negation and whether they have a system-wide representation of transferred negation in their early English de...
Chapter
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We introduce a paraconsistent modal logic KG2, based on Gödel logic with coimplication (bi-Gödel logic) expanded with a De Morgan negation ¬. We use the logic to formalise reasoning with graded, incomplete and inconsistent information. Semantics of KG2 is two-dimensional: we interpret KG2 on crisp frames with two valuations v1 and v2, connected via...
Article
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A methodology has been developed, detailing the theory and workflow, for applying the double-difference relocation method to acoustic emission (AE) event location in high-pressure/high-temperature deformation experiments in the multi-anvil apparatus. The process is predicated on the fact that events originating from a common source region will trav...
Article
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From antiquity through the twentieth century, philosophers have hypothesized that, intuitively, it is harder to know negations (i.e. claims about what is not) than to know affirmations (i.e. claims about what is). This paper provides direct evidence for that hypothesis. In a series of studies, I found that people naturally view negations as harder...
Article
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The ability of molecular photoswitches to convert on/off responses into large macroscale property change is fundamental to light-responsive materials. However, moving beyond simple binary responses necessitates the introduction of new elements that control the chemistry of the photoswitching process at the molecular scale. To achieve this goal, we...
Preprint
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The oblique random survival forest (RSF) is an ensemble supervised learning method for right-censored outcomes. Trees in the oblique RSF are grown using linear combinations of predictors to create branches, whereas in the standard RSF, a single predictor is used. Oblique RSF ensembles often have higher prediction accuracy than standard RSF ensemble...
Article
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Social categorizations regarding gender or age have proven to be relevant in human-robot interaction. Their stereotypical application in the development and implementation of robotics in eldercare is even discussed as a strategy to enhance the acceptance, well-being, and quality of life of older people. This raises serious ethical concerns, e.g., r...
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Background To understand the multiple and wide-ranging impacts of intensified youth sport, the need for a holistic approach to athlete development has recently been advocated. Sports schools are an increasingly popular operationalisation of intensified youth sport, aiming to offer an optimal environment for holistic development by combining sport a...
Article
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This article first defines the absolute discourse, then discusses its possibility in theology, as well as the relationships between language, thought, and reality as they derive from the spirituality and life of the Eastern Church. Theology must face several problems-including the paradox of transcendence, the violence of metaphysics, onto-theology...
Article
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Negation and speculation detection are critical for Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks, such as sentiment analysis, information retrieval, and machine translation. This paper presents the first Arabic corpus in the review domain annotated with negation and speculation. The Negation and Speculation Arabic Review (NSAR) corpus consists of 3K ran...
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This study is intended to examine the concept of transcultural identity in the travel book The Global Soul: Jet Lag, Shopping Malls, and the Search for Home by (Iyer, 2001). Jeffries' model of critical stylistics (2010) (henceforth, CS) has been selected to analyze the book. To be more specific, Negation is selected to analyze the concept under stu...
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Democracy is a socioeconomic and political formation whereby the adult citizens are granted the fair opportunity to participate in governance of their country has indeed become increasingly decimative in both its operation, functionability and other attendant mechanisms for actualizing free and fair political elections in Nigeria. The 2015 general...
Article
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In the last years, radiofrequency (RF) has demonstrated that it can reduce DNA damage induced by a subsequent treatment with chemical or physical agents in different cell types, resembling the adaptive response, a phenomenon well documented in radiobiology. Such an effect has also been reported by other authors both in vitro and in vivo, and plausi...
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Background:Placebo response rates of clinical trials on major depressive disorder (MDD) appear to be increasing over years. This phenomenon, known as placebo drift (PD), is conceived as one of the leading factors of the low success rate of development of psychiatric medications. Recently, a psychoeducational tool named Placebo-Control Reminder Scri...
Article
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Sanguinarine (SNG) is a benzophenanthridine alkaloid isolated mainly from Sanguinaria canadensis, Chelidonium majus, and Macleaya cordata. SNG is considered an antineoplastic agent based on its cytotoxic activity against various tumors. However, the exact molecular mechanism through which SNG mediates this activity has not been elucidated. Here, we...
Article
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The Derridean standpoint has made it challenging for philosophy to affirm a non-dualistic view of the world. If signification is a process where linguistic signs are always postponed or in deferment, then it is impossible to cultivate experiences without recurring to metaphysical thought. However, third generation Kyoto School thinker, Ueda Shizute...
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Acutely infectious new world alphaviruses such as Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus (VEEV) pose important challenges to the human population due to a lack of effective therapeutic intervention strategies. Small interfering RNAs that can selectively target the viral genome (vsiRNAs) has been observed to offer survival advantages in several in vit...
Preprint
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We consider the class of conditional graph patterns (\emph{CGPs}) that allow user to query data graphs with complex patterns that contain negation and predicates. To overcome the prohibitive cost of subgraph isomorphism, we consider matching of \emph{CGPs} under simulation semantics which can be conducted in quadratic time. In emerging applications...
Article
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The present study cognitive aims to investigate the negation phenomenon in American political discourse under Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) principles. The research sample includes two speeches given by Clinton and Trump in their election campaigns in 2016. Since the nature of the study follows the social-cognitive approach, the researcher adop...
Preprint
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Centrality measures for simple graphs/networks are well-defined and each has numerous main-memory algorithms. However, for modeling complex data sets with multiple types of entities and relationships, simple graphs are not ideal. Multilayer networks (or MLNs) have been proposed for modeling them and have been shown to be better suited in many ways....
Conference Paper
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This paper analyses selected popular Chinese songs from the Peranakan song repertoire to show the expression of Other Chinese-ness in Malaysia. Taking Persatuan Peranakan Cina Melaka as a case study, I explore why Chinese popular songs were adopted into the Peranakan song repertoire, despite the Peranakan’s notion of ‘other’ or ‘othering’ about the...
Article
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Biodiversity is crucial for the provision of ecosystem functions. However, ecosystems are now exposed to a rapidly growing number of anthropogenic pressures, and it remains unknown whether biodiversity can still promote ecosystem functions under multifaceted pressures. Here we investigated the effects of soil microbial diversity on soil functions a...
Preprint
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A non-distributive two-sorted hypersequent calculus \textbf{PDBL} and its modal extension \textbf{MPDBL} are proposed for the classes of pure double Boolean algebras and pure double Boolean algebras with operators respectively. A relational semantics for \textbf{PDBL} is next proposed, where any formula is interpreted as a semiconcept of a context....
Article
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Background: Participating in exercise has been frequently recognized as a protective factor of suicide-related outcome (e.g., suicidal ideation) in children and adolescents, albeit with less of a focus on university/college students (especially using nationally representative sample). This study aimed to explore the associations between regular ex...
Article
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Background: Requiring access to sensitive data can be a significant obstacle for the development of health models in the Health Economics & Outcomes Research (HEOR) setting. We demonstrate how health economic evaluation can be conducted with minimal transfer of data between parties, while automating reporting as new information becomes available. M...
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The paper discusses the case of polynegation in Old Germanic languages as a feature of certain genres of existing literature at that time. In terms of polynegation attention is focused on the phenomenon of negative concord, which correlates with the presence of a verbal negative marker and another negative element, i. e., adverb or pronoun. It is a...
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Islamophobia is an imposed term of the West broadly defined as a fear or hatred of Islam and its followers. Prejudice is considered an unjustifiable and harmful incident of discrimination that is related to the rise of Islamophobia. In western opinion, Muslims are warmongers who have extremist approaches towards life, and Islam is a backward religi...
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Climate change and fourth industrial revolution (4IR) technologies are massively shifting the material and social conditions of existence on Earth and contribute to a state of indeterminacy and increased political experimentation. While various models for what might become the ‘next iteration of governance’ are currently emerging, this essay turns...
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Challenging environmental conditions can drive the evolution of extreme physiological traits. The naked mole-rat has evolved to survive and thrive in a low oxygen, high carbon dioxide environment that would be deadly to humans and most other mammals. The naked mole-rat’s lifestyle is unusual in that this species combines subterranean living and liv...
Article
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The present discussion proposes that renewal processes in the domain of negation manifest themselves predominantly in the change from bi-morphemic, synthetic negation to analytic negation neg+aux by introducing a new auxiliary verb as verbal head. Some of these new verbs may subsequently be merged with the negator resulting into new bi-morphemic ne...
Article
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Dual-process and single-process theories lead to conflicting predictions about whether debunking messages negating a state of affairs should change responses on implicit measures in a manner intended by the message. Two preregistered studies (N1 = 550; N2 = 880) tested these predictions using official health information from the U.S. Centers for Di...
Article
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A simple model accounting for semantic properties of propositional attitude operators in negative contexts with no reference to possible worlds is proposed. Verbs occurring in such operators denote relations between individuals and specific sets of sentences (of a given natural language) and their negation is defined as the complement within a spec...
Chapter
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A modern school requires the use of modern information and communication technology (ICT) solutions. Incorporating hardware, software, and websites (e-services) into teaching practice has become a matter of course. The technical layer of the digitization of school is becoming as essential as teachers' attitudes to new media and the digital skills o...
Preprint
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Optical interferometers are pillars of modern precision metrology, but their resolution is limited by the wavelength of the light source, which cannot be infinitely reduced. Magically, this limitation can be circumvented by using an entangled multiphoton source because interference produced by an N-photon amplitude features a reduced de Broglie wav...
Article
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This article explores the notion of consent in the trafficking paradigm and the conflation of sex work and sex trafficking in Malaysia. The article argues that because consent of a trafficked victim is irrelevant in the international law, the authorities tend to conflate voluntary sex work with trafficked sex work. This obstructs a clear definition...
Article
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Introduction Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) affects 1–3% of the population, but its pathogenesis remains unclear. The coexistence of musculoskeletal hypermobility and scoliosis in many inherited syndromes raises the possibility that isolated musculoskeletal hypermobility may contribute to AIS development or progression. Methods We performed...
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Early sensory experiences interact with genes to shape precise neural circuits during development. This process is vital for proper brain function in adulthood. Neurological dysfunctions caused by environmental alterations and/or genetic mutation may share the same molecular or cellular mechanisms. Here, we show that early life bilateral whisker tr...
Article
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Lévinas est traditionnellement perçu comme une voix critique à propos de la pensée de la totalité de Hegel et, ainsi, comme un philosophe qui cherche à dénoncer la négation de toute différence dans la pensée de l'identité, que ce soit dans l'unité de la vie, de l'esprit, du savoir ou du concept. Or, le paradoxe de Lévinas est de critiquer Hegel tou...
Article
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This paper deals with the Italian presuppositional negation marker mica. This particle can surface differently in the negative circuit, e.g. either in a clause-initial or a clause-internal position. However, depending on its position, different types of focus and pragmatic requirements are found. We consider the initial mica as an instance of corre...
Article
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The ischemia–reperfusion injury (IRI) of rat kidneys is used as a model of acute kidney injury. Salt-sensitive hypertension occurs in rats after IRI, and the distal nephrons play important roles in the development of this condition. We investigated the role of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) in the progression of IRI-induced salt-sensitive hype...
Article
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Objective: Rapid restoration of corneal epithelium integrity after injury is particularly important for preserving corneal transparency and vision. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be taken into account as the promising regenerative therapeutics for improvement of wound healing processes based on the variety of the effective components. The extra...
Preprint
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We give a proof-theoretic as well as a semantic characterization of a logic in the signature with conjunction, disjunction, negation, and the universal and existential quantifiers that we suggest has a certain fundamental status. We present a Fitch-style natural deduction system for the logic that contains only the introduction and elimination rule...
Article
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Financial analysis plays a major role in investing the disposable income of various economic agents. Stock markets are predominantly made up of small investors with limited information and low capabilities for a suitable analysis. Researchers, as well as practitioners, are divided over the findings on the adequacy of technical analysis in investing...
Article
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Ph.D. thesis writers’ abilities to effectively use interpersonal language and engage with disciplinary communities are recognized as key features of successful thesis writing (Hyland, 2006). As a high-stakes part-genre in Ph.D. theses, the ‘limitations’ section often contains caveats about writers’ findings/methods/claims as realized through negati...
Research
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Revolutionary ideology has its aim in ensuring a social order in our dystopian society and negating the evils that are traceable to colonialism, imperialism, capitalism and neo-colonialism. Revolution is the most extreme but necessary social alternative to use when other avenues to achieve reform are exhausted. Most writers focus on the aesthetics...
Article
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Male-child is a pride of contemporary Nigerian homes but balancing the parental responsibilities in girl dominated homes is becoming a serious challenge. Thus, emerging patriarchal fraud to balance the sex of offspring in contemporary Nige-ria with concomitant exclusion of girl-child entrepreneurial potential is creeping into contemporary parenting...