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Publications related to Nature Conservation (10,000)
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Article
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There is now considerable evidence that the natural environment provides health and well-being benefits in urban environments. However, little is understood about the role of ecological quality in maximising well-being gains. We examine the relationship between the accessibility of public natural spaces of high ecological quality and two measures o...
Article
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Nordic landscapes provide recreational benefits to local, national, and international visitors. Nordic countries are, however, actively promoting a green shift towards the bioeconomy (that is, an intensification of agriculture and forestry), which may come at the cost of other benefits of Nordic landscapes, such as recreation. Information on recrea...
Article
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Integration of agricultural, cultural and natural conservation to address land-use change risk has become a crucial issue for rural sustainability, especially for China with dense population and undergoing hyper-urbanization. There is not yet a specific study going with conservation of the whole rural landscape at national level. In this paper, a m...
Research Proposal
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Der Klimawandel gehört zu den zentralen Themen der Gegenwart und der Zukunft. Dürresommer, Überschwemmungen, Hitzerekorde prägen auch das Leben der Menschen in Europa. Doch welche Rolle kann eine Kinder- und Jugendliteratur im Kontext einer nachhaltigen, einer ökologischen Bildung spielen? Eine ökologische Kinder- und Jugendliteratur, die sich mit...
Preprint
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Integrated landscape approaches (ILA) aim to reconcile multiple, often competing, interests across agriculture, nature conservation, and other land uses. Recognized ILA design principles provide guidance for their implementation, yet application remains challenging, and a strong performance evidence-base is yet to be formed. A comprehensive literat...
Preprint
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Biodiversity loss and climate change are urgent, interlinked crises, driven by human activity. The solutions to these crises therefore lie in changing people's behaviours, at both individual and societal scales. In this chapter, we introduce the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW), a comprehensive framework for systematically designing, evaluating, and ch...
Article
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Clostridium difficile ( C. difficile ) is a multi-strain, spore-forming, Gram-positive, opportunistic enteropathogen bacteria, majorly associated with nosocomial infections, resulting in severe diarrhoea and colon inflammation. Several antibiotics including penicillin, tetracycline, and clindamycin have been employed to control C. difficile infecti...
Article
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Social media impact not only our communication and social interactions but also our relationships to the natural environment. Social media can increase understanding of our environment by offering information and sharing calls to action, while at the same time, they might present a glamourised, standardised picture of nature and distract from actua...
Article
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Background Securing adequate financing for the environment, climate change, and sustainable development has been challenging, especially in low- and middle-income economies. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country aspiring to become a member state of the European Union. Despite undergoing a socio-economic transition, the country is more than four times...
Article
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The post-2020 global biodiversity framework calls for a transformative change in food systems. Promoting agricultural multifunctionality is a viable approach to this sustainability transformation. The eastern Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau (QTP) is both one of the world’s largest livestock grazing systems and a hotspot of endemic birds in Asia. In this re...
Article
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Metaverse is a compound word of “Meta” and “Universe”, meaning a world that transcends reality, a new virtual world. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, non-face-to-face further accelerated the activation of the Metaverse. The Metaverse has the attractiveness of arousing user interest, high service scalability, and the potential to combine multiple reven...
Article
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For years, sustainability has been on the minds of professionals, organisational leaders and everyone involved in everyday life. There has been a lot of research on different areas and processes of corporate operations, and more and more initiatives are emerging to address nature conservation, environmental protection and climate change issues. How...
Article
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Abstract 1. Semi‐natural features among farmland have a key role in maintaining wildlife in rural landscapes. Practical conservation requires knowledge of which combinations of features are of greatest value and whether this differs among faunal groups. We used a ‘landscape’ approach to investigate the relative importance to birds and insects (bees...
Article
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This study examined the students’ proficiency in using mathematical symbols. The need to carry out the study was prompted by the Kenya National Examinations Council (KNEC) report that revealed dismal performance in mathematics. Therefore, the study objectives explored how symbols affect learning of mathematics, students’ perception of the role of s...
Article
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The energy turnaround in Germany has far-reaching consequences for humans and animals, but they are still not yet precisely foreseeable. Rare animal species are to continue to be protected, but the energy demand is to be covered rapidly from wind solar power. With great haste, the federal government is trying under the extreme conditions of dwindli...
Article
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The Nevada and Utah Springsnail Conservation Strategy (the Strategy) is a comprehensive and proactive 10-year plan to protect 103 species of truncatelloidean springsnails and their habitats (primarily springs). Springsnails are tiny, aquatic, and often locally endemic truncatelloidea and cerithioidean snails threatened by both local and regional st...
Article
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As revealed by various studies, Rosemary (Salvia rosmarinus) extract has antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. Moreover, nisin is a bacteriocin with antibacterial properties. The present study aimed to design a natural conservative with the engagement of the synergistic effect of nisin, different forms of essential oil, and chitosan coating on...
Article
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Although diversity and abundance of arthropods have been shown to decline globally, they are underrepresented in nature conservation efforts and policies. Belowground taxa are especially neglected, despite their key roles in ecosystem functioning. Terrestrial isopods are litter and soil dwelling and important contributors to litter decomposition an...
Article
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Millions of people rely on nature-rich farming systems for their subsistence and income. The contributions of nature to these systems are varied and key to their sustainability in the long term. Yet, agricultural stakeholders are often unaware or undervalue the relevance of those contributions, which can affect decisions concerning land management....
Article
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Small fish species such as minnows (Phoxinus sp.) are introduced into mountain lakes by anglers that use them as live bait for fishing salmonids, that were previously introduced in these naturally fishless habitats. Introduced fish severely impact native biota but minnows are nevertheless released believing to provide forage for game fish, i.e., sa...
Article
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Rumex obtusifolius (Rumex or broad leaved dock) is one of the most common weeds in grasslands. It spreads quickly, lowers the nutritional value of the grass, and is poisonous for livestock due to its oxalic acid content. Mapping it is important before any control treatment is applied. Current methods for mapping Rumex either involve manual work or...
Article
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Agribusiness in tropical forests could provide incentives that generate employment and income through public and/or private investments capable of reducing carbon emissions and encouraging the efficient use of natural resources through environmentally sustainable management. The objective of this study was to analyze the agribusiness practices adop...
Article
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The article presents the most significant contributions of the Bulgarian zoologist Nikolay Boev in the field of zoology, ornithology, nature conservation and the popularization of natural science knowledge on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of his birth.
Article
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This paper proposes a new composite indicator for the assessment of the implementation of Aichi Targets (ATCI) following a benchmarking approach simultaneously considering performance and drawbacks. ATCI is based on 37 indicators related to the 5 Aichi Strategic Goals and its aggregated scores and ranks are calculated using three BoD-DEA models to...
Article
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This year as we celebrate Nature Conservation Day with the theme being “Cut Down on Plastic Use”, let’s Pledge to stop not just using plastic but Pledge to stop manufacturing it. Why create when we cannot dispose.....! The solution for Plastic menace is not in ban or reducing its use or reducing its size or using alternatives, the solution is stop...
Technical Report
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GIZ. Aplicação de princípios de equidade na governança e na gestão das unidades de conservação no Brasil; documento técnico. Brasília: GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, GmbH), Agência Brasília, 2022. 192 p. (incl. anexs.) (Redação Cláudio C. Maretti e colaborações.) . - - - GIZ – Projetos Áreas Protegidas e outras medi...
Presentation
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Disponível no Youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PRbWqqKJ9nY Na vibe das belezas que a relação sociedade e natureza podem ter, nesta entrevista da Ana Celina Tiburcio - apresentadora do Organacast, com Érika Fernandes Pinto - especialista na temática, convidamos você a se aprofundar um pouquinho no complexo e encantador universo dos valores...
Article
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The pine forest of Kragilan village, Magelang, is a forested area on the west slopes of Mount Merbabu with a humid environmental condition. The conditions make this region suitable for the growth of a macrofungal community. The macrofungal inventory in Merbabu Mountain is very limited and this is inversely proportional to the increasing deforestati...
Article
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This study aimed to determine past and potential future temporal and spatial changes in land use/land cover (LULC) and to evaluate its interactions with natural hazards (especially snow avalanches and rockfalls) in Uzungöl Nature Conservation Area (Trabzon-NE Türkiye). The objectives were (1) to assess past LULC change over the last 60 years (19552...
Article
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The worldwide rapid declines in insect and plant abundance and diversity that have occurred in the past decades have gained public attention and demand for political actions to counteract these declines are growing. Rapid large-scale biomonitoring can aid in observing these changes and provide information for decisions for land management and speci...
Article
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Accurate identification of invasive plants (IPs) is critical for the preservation of natural ecosystems. Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) offer an efficient method of monitoring IPs in conservation areas. However, the process of finding IPs in UAS is labor-intensive and error-prone. Deep learning techniques have the potential for object detection and...
Article
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Species delimitation—owing to the paramount role of the species rank in evolutionary, ecological, and nature conservation studies—is an essential contribution of taxonomy to biodiversity research. In an ‘integrative taxonomy’ approach to species delimitation on the diploid level, we searched for evolutionary significant units (the warps and wefts)...
Conference Paper
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As one of the most popular tourism destinations in Indonesia, Lombok Island became famous because its natural beauty, history, and local culture. Based on these potentials, government support the development of ecotourism in Bonjeruk Village, Central Lombok Regency. The concept of ecotourism has become popular in various regions in Indonesia and ev...
Article
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The current social disparities and ecological problems require a social-ecological transformation. To be effective, this transformation must also take property relations into account. However, the complexity of these relations often impedes sustainable action. An illustration of property relations in nature conservation, legal structures, work and...
Article
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Modern agriculture negatively impacts on global biodiversity by converting natural and extensively used habitats into intensely managed systems, and by releasing pollutants, including greenhouse gases. Since the demand for certain food products determines what is grown, consumer behavior is key to reduce food system related biodiversity losses. Her...
Article
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Nature conservation is currently shaping many terrestrial ecosystems in Africa. This is particularly evident in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where conservation is intended to recover wildlife populations, with special focus on elephants. Rising numbers of elephants induce woody biomass losses but increase soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks from decaying...
Conference Paper
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In 2020, Siak Regency occupies a forest and land fire disaster area with the second largest respiratory disorder (ARI) sufferer in Riau Province, reaching 4321 people. The subject of this research is Dayun District, Siak Regency as an area that is pioneering the development of ecotourism based on disaster mitigation. The disaster mitigation system...
Article
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Detailed spatial data on grassland use intensity is needed in several European policy areas for various applications, e.g., agricultural management, supporting nature conservation programs, improving biodiversity strategies, etc. Multisensory remote sensing is an efficient tool to collect information on grassland parameters. However, there is still...
Book
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This volume of Climate Change and Environmental Sustainability covers topics on green finance and investment, collaboration building and public engagement, and industry governance towards carbon neutrality and environmental sustainability. First, it presents issues related to embodied carbon in the international trade, impacts of the green finance...
Article
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Six new records of the bull shark Carcharhinus leucas from five different river basins of Sumatra, Indonesia, were reported as a result of captures by artisanal and recreational fishers, including records from rivers of northern and western Sumatra for the first time. These findings may highlight the importance of Sumatran river basins for the repr...
Chapter
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Alpine open spaces are becoming noticeably scarcer. In the Alps, this applies to the inherently limited area of permanent settlement, which in the case of Tyrol covers only 11.8%. The population is growing in many of the valleys and with it the infrastructure it requires. However, the open spaces, situated at altitudes above the settlements, are al...
Article
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The primary purpose of the Man and the Biosphere Program is the sustainable development of both the economy and nature conservation activities. Although the effectiveness of eco-tourism to reach this goal has been proposed, due to the lack of long-term monitoring data and a model species, there has been no obvious mechanism to evaluate the effectiv...
Article
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Currently, biodiversity conservation and the achievement of common prosperity are important challenges. China bid farewell to “absolute poverty” in 2020 but continues to face challenges, such as relative multidimensional poverty, especially in regions of protected areas (PA). The correlation between poverty and the natural environment leads to furt...
Article
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Purpose Social media sites contribute significantly to nature conservation in, that they enlighten and educate those members of the public who would ordinarily not be in a position, or would not be fortunate enough to visit the park and experience the various aspects first-hand. The purpose of this paper is to showcase social media pages related to...
Article
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The European temperate forest zone has great importance, in terms of maintaining the habitats of not only forests but also anthropogenous grasslands, which were formed as a result of habitat reconstruction. These habitats have great importance, by means of nature conservation, landscape use, economy, and forest and grassland use. The mosaic-like ha...
Preprint
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Resumen Es pertinente elaborar instrumentos para medir las actitudes de la población hacia la naturaleza, en especial sobre la conservación de la misma, para así poder predecir la conducta hacia acciones proambientales. Al respecto, se han desarrollado algunas escalas que miden las actitudes hacia la naturaleza, realizadas por Weigel y Weigel (1978...
Article
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The northernmost German federal state of Schleswig-Holstein was selected as an example lowland area in central and western Europe with a high proportion of intensive agricultural use on peatlands that experience associated ecological and social functional problems. To get an overview of the current status of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the n...
Article
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Sustainable management of forest ecosystems requires the use of reliable and easy to implement biodiversity and naturalness indicators. Tree-related microhabitats (TreMs) can fulfill these roles as they harbor specialized species that directly or indirectly depend on them, and are generally more abundant and diverse in natural forests or forests un...
Article
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Spain is the European country with the highest percentage of protected areas (27.4% of its total surface area) and the country with the highest number of Biosphere Reserves, with 53. Extremadura, the region that we analyze in our study, has a total of 89 Special Conservation Areas and 71 Special Protection Areas, Monfragüe being one of them. In thi...
Article
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The degradation of ecosystems threatens the provision of ecosystem services and limits human well-being. This systematic literature review evaluates the threats surrounding cultural ecosystem services (CES), namely recreation and landscape aesthetics in European permanent grasslands. We identified underlying causes, direct threats, consequences and...
Article
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The concept of differentiated land use was formulated already 50 years ago to preserve biodiversity and to maintain or restore the necessary landscape structure. Although it has been anchored in the Federal Nature Conservation Act, there is still nomonitoring of its implementation, although the German Advisory Council on the Environment has been ca...
Presentation
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This presentation answers a key primary question: 'what evidence exists on the drivers, devastations and directions of flash floods in biosphere reserves?' Drawn from a systematic review article (work-in-progress), it spotlights synthesised literature evidence of flash floods' drivers, devastations and directions (management) in 727 UNESCO biosphe...
Article
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The current decline in global biodiversity is most evident in amphibians with 41% percent of all species worldwide classified as threatened with extinction. Hence, a major challenge in amphibian conservation is the high number of threatened species, leading to a common approach of identifying priority species and regions for conservation efforts. A...
Article
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Aim We propose a novel approach that considers taxonomic uniqueness, functional uniqueness and environmental uniqueness and show how it can be used in guiding conservation planning. We illustrate the approach using data for lake biota and environment. Location Lake Puruvesi, Finland. Methods We sampled macrophytes and macroinvertebrates from the...
Article
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Species distribution modelling is an important tool to inform conservation, particularly if combined with site prioritization approaches. Results can then be used in both suggestion of new protected areas as well as evaluation of the existing ones. We applied MaxEnt analysis to a species of mature forests, the Eurasian Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium passeri...
Article
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Data on birds in agroforestry areas of South Kalimantan are not yet available. The purpose of the study was to analyze bird species that use agroforestry areas as habitats. The sample locations are the agroforestry areas of Kiram Village, Biih Village, and Pulau Nyiur Village, Karang Intan District, Banjar Regency. Diurnal bird species were observe...
Article
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Karst areas, which are less involved in productive activities are often declared protected areas that can have a positive impact on the lives of the local communities. To verify this hypothesis, we examine karst areas, where national parks have been established to preserve mostly geological but also biological values. According to the threefold sys...
Article
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The primary function of national parks (NPs) is nature conservation, but for the majority of them, tourism also plays an important role. Tourism generates significant incomes, but the benefits are often unequally distributed in space, as are the disadvantages. The karst regions are generally less developed terrains in terms of traditional livelihoo...
Article
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Protected areas are biodiversity hotspots of the world. Knowledge of their overall biodiversity is essential for nature conservation. Sawflies are an integral part of terrestrial ecosystems; being phytophages, they play a significant role in the processing of primary production. The aim of the research was to study the biodiversity of sawflies in t...
Article
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Protected areas play a key role in nature conservation but are also crucial for tourism. There are international recommendations in nature conservation (IUCN), and several international conservation conventions exist. Nevertheless, the protection categories are different in each country, and the proportion of protected areas also varies. Here we co...
Article
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O uso das paisagens sem um planejamento e gestão adequados pode gerar consequências negativas, com impactos, sobretudo, ao nível ecológico, económico e social. Embora existam inúmeros modelos universais e regionais de avaliação da estrutura das paisagens (com foco nos seus condicionalismos naturais), muitos destes modelos não conseguem traduzir a c...
Article
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In the past, the freshwater snail Theodoxus fluviatilis was abundant in the river Rhine, but was considered to be extinct in the Upper and High Rhine in 2004. We found individuals of T. fluviatilis for the first time at sites in the southern part of the Upper Rhine and High Rhine in 2020, where this species went extinct 16 years ago. There are seve...
Article
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The Asiatic golden cat, Catopuma temminckii, is a medium-sized felinae distributed throughout South Asia. It is currently categorized as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List and listed in Appendix I by CITES and Schedule I of the Forest and Nature Conservation Act of Bhutan, 1995. The six colour morphs of Asiatic golden cats have been recognized fr...
Chapter
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Biodiversidade e geodiversidade são duas faces da mesma moeda. São abordagens da natureza que se complementam e permitem uma visão integrada do meio ambiente em relação à sua preservação. A conservação da natureza é uma preocupação premente da sociedade, que precisa manejar com inteligência o patrimônio natural em busca de sustentabilidade. A explo...