Questions related to Natural Resource Economics
Why is environmental sustainability more important than economic growth and relationship between environmental economics and natural resource economics?
What is the role of economics in environmental sustainability and relationship between environmental economics and natural resource economics?
What are the primary and secondary sources of energy and difference between agricultural economics and natural resource economics?
Deep sea is the process of retrieving mineral deposits from the deep seabed – the ocean below 200m.
Is it necessary with the actual advancement in technologies? And the increasing need for more mineral ressources ?
It's beneficiary? Or too risky?
I am trying to value natural capital as an input into a mining investment decision. Does anyone have any ideas how this might be achieved? Or can you provide me with references?
I want to understand resource allocation over time.
I try to read Environment and natural resources economics book. There is a figure on page 98 and what B in the figure refers to? the marginal cost or net benefit? according to current and future value. here I attached the book.
2. what does the relationship between the discount rate and user cost?
who can help me?
I hope Natural resources economists can help me.
Thank you for your help!!!
I am currently trying to estimate the effect of energy crises on food prices. Given the link between energy and food prices, I am inclined to reason that ECM will be best to estimate the relationship between food price and energy price (fuel price). Additionally I would like to include dummy variables in the model to estimate the effects of periods of energy crises on food prices. This I know is simple to do.
Where am confused is, how to model price volatility in the context of an ECM. I am only interested in the direction where fuel price, as well as the structural dummies for energy crises influences not just the determination of food price, but their volatility as well.
I am going to send my survey to landowners in Oklahoma. I need to subset my list of respondents as I have more numbers of people that total number of survey I am going to send for my research. I am not going to select stratified sampling method or multistage sampling method as I don't have enough population in my list to do so. I might be using simple random sampling method. What is the recent trend of simple random sampling method to sub-set number of respondents from a bigger sample space?
To apply discount rate on natural resource valuation/ecosystem services valuation has become debate among the researchers, many researchers are in the opinion that discount rate should be applied on natural resources valuation.
I want to know,
- What is a discount rate and which equation is used for discount rate?
- What is the difference between discount rate and interest rate
- How to put discount rate on the values of ecosystem services ?
Key words: Economics, valuation, discount rate, discounting, interest rate, ecosystem services, natural resources.
I am trying to collect as much green management indicators as possible to suit my research about green business management in third world countries.
How can we differentiate resource-based economies (or oil rents countries) from other countries. For example, should I include all countries in the World Bank list of natural resources rents countries? Some countries like Australia has 4.8% of GDP only.
Is there a popular article to adopt in this context? For example, Hoskisson et al., (2000) list of countries is widely used for the list of emerging economies.
In his "Essay on the Principle of Population" published in 1798, Thomas Robert Malthus speculated that human populations grow exponentially whereas the food production grows at an arithmetic rate. According to his theory, it is predicted that in the future there will be a time when humans would have no more resources to survive on ...
Is the Malthusian Theory of Population still valid today?
for the arid regions, the date palm cultivation is one of the most important crop. this cultivation has several benefits on economic, social and environmental plans. for that, my question is the following, why we could not find an many papers especially regarding the technology used????
I have a data set of 4100 households of Teknaf Peninsula, the southern part of Bangladesh. My variables are as follows
Focus Variable: Living inside/outside the forest (data collected by GPS loggers)
> Education Level
> Gender (considering the family head only)
> Dependency ratio
> Occupation Category (i.e. fisherman, farmer, business, labor, and others)
> Annual Income (sum of income from different sources)
> Length of residence
> Fuelwood collection (yes/no)
> Fuelwood consumption (amount in kg)
I want to develop a statistical model showing the effect of the determinants on the forest encroachment.
I will be highly pleased to get advice on which type of statistical test should I go for.
Thank you in advance.
I want to now main source of soil acidification in cooler areas and how to treat to reclaim this problem with the available and possible solution for poorer farmers.
Thanks in advance for your quick response
In Chile more than 30% of the world's copper is produced, however, we have a public expenditure of 21%, the lowest of the OECD. The artificial profitability generated in the copper sector generates a very large inefficiency, investments in clean industries are scarce. 70% of the exploitation today is private, who control the price of copper in the world. My country is potentially very rich, copper is indispensable, but we are very poor, with the greatest inequality in the world.
In my research activity I am increasingly including the analysis of Ecosystem Services and their perception. Indeed, despite having studied dozens of papers and grey literature during my student career, I have found few textbooks. I am looking for a text that summarizes the state-of-the-art about ES and the techniques for their monetary and non-monetary evaluation. Is there any?
In a recent contribution we have found an interesting result to discuss the "natural resource curse" hypothesis: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299484809_DIVISION_INTERNACIONAL_DEL_TRABAJO_Y_DISTRIBUCION_GEOGRAFICA_DEL_BIENESTAR_UNA_NUEVA_APROXIMACION_METODOLOGICA?ev=prf_pub
While agriculture appears to be harmful in terms of Sen's welfare measures (the standard finding, see http://www.nber.org/papers/w15836), mining results entail the opposite. Added-value by mining activities are correlated with higher welfare measures than many industrial alternatives.
In this context, we are looking for empirical literature examining the role of mining rules in the awakening of China's new development mode.
We'll really appreciate any help.
I am trying to estimate the impact of high ending stocks on wheat prices in Chile in the harvest season and if there a differenciated impact between different regions of Chile.
I have the price series for wheat in the different regions, so i was thinking to estimate a cointegration model between the regions and controlling for a variable (for example a dummy when the harvest season is affected for high stocks of t-1 year).
Here in Chile, we also import Wheat and the international markets affect the domestic prices, so i think i have to include the international price in the model (it could be the CIF or a reference price like HRW). So, finally, my question is where i have to include this exogenous variable?.
Gretl allows to put the exogenous variable in Johansen cointegration model (restricted) and also unrestricted in differences.
PD: All the variables are I(1).
I'm investigating the determinants of foreign direct investment to least developed countries in sub-Sahara African countries and so searching for the operational definitions of the above words as considered in prior studies.
I want to know if someone has studied the effect of the spiral of economics of apparel dress shirt making in terms of speed of processing , different process for the making, if the size of the batch change is a limiting issue, if the discrete process approach of manufacturing lay out to a straight line manufacturing concept affects , or any other variables are considerable to as to describe or forecast an economic model upon the cost performance per unit produced in a developing country?.- Please any comments I would appreciate.
All Natural resources are "Free" before we start to make any use of them, and we need to place a value on them by the damage by their use they cause to itself and the rest of the environment, including man.
At present no-one is held directly responsible for any damage caused , who pays the price of oil spills? air pollution , noise pollution, mono cropping etc causing ecocide of all the micro and macro-flora of the soil and local habitat? The consumer is the one who demands this damage to occur by the price they are prepared to pay .
I believe we all should pay for the damage caused to the environment directly through the goods and services we all use and consume.
Existing means of green taxes and taxes on pollution and damage, are often at cross purposes with economic growth of economies around the globe and with the associated subsidies and grants that distort so many values of the resource we all rely on.
Recommendation(s) for model may include econometric or statistical to support data produced. The study will be exploring pattern of degradation over time (Time Series may always seem the most obvious, but there others which will be helpful and your suggestion is welcomed).
In my opinion, not all the adaptations are a response to climate change. For example, late sowing, attributed always as a response to changing climate, may be, most of the time, an outcome of crop intensification. When we are cropping multiple crops the sowing of these crops may shift early or late which actually is not a response to climate change. Similar to this, what other adaptation you think are not a response to climate change
Since the 90s there has been a growing literature about the socioeconomic effects of natural resources exploitation in developing countries. The mainstream view is that it usually harms growth (see Dutch disease approach), prompts corruption (see rentier-state approach) and even conflict (see the Collier-Hoeffler approach). There are alternative views to that, stating that in the long-run it doesn't harm (see Di John's works) and sometimes natural resources are 'red herrings' (see Brunschweiler and Bulte works). There is yet another view, in which natural resources can help to boost economic transformation. This view is put forward by several works of Morris and Kaplinsky. Which proxies would you use to test the contribution to economic transformation of natural resources exploitation in a specific country or region? I am particularly interested in Africa.
I have trouble finding a text with a more or less precise definition of what is to be understood as environmental peacebuilding. I found that scholars are often either working with the term environmental peacemaking or just use the term environmental peacebuilding without defining it or explaining how it differs from other concepts such as environmental peacemaking.
Text suggestion would be wonderful and much appreciated.
I am interested to know the mechanisms used for actual payments to the service providers, particularly in Australia. Most of us may know about the C credits and water (especially in the GBR zone) incentives to the landholders. Any idea about the mechanisms used? or if there are any studies/review articles on PES for biodiversity or other ES in Australia?
- Any information will be highly appreciated.
It is customary to characterize sustainable development in a familiar typology comprising three pillars: environmental, economic, and social. The relationships among these dimensions are generally assumed to be compatible and mutually supportive and is particularly difficult to realize and operationalize. Recent years though have seen notable efforts among standard setters, planners, and practitioners in various sectors to address the often neglected social aspects of sustainability.
Where can I find figures on aggregate (global or country level) private donations to wildlife conservation organizations?
Lake Urmia is a salt lake in northwestern Iran and unfortunately recent drought and incremental demands for agricultural water in the lake's basin significantly has decreased the annual amount of water the lake receives. The Attached image shows satellite imagery from 1984 to 2011 revealing Lake Urmia's diminishing surface area (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Urmia). Now, I'm going to assess market and nonmarket effects of climate change at this lake. Can anyone introduce any related books or manuscripts?
I am looking for a correlation between availability of natural resources (water) and increases in agricultural/industrial productivity.
I am trying to calculate a natural capital indicator at regional scale (first administrative level i.e. province, department, region, state, etc. according to the country) in Latin America. Can anyone suggest some literature, or some reference methods?
Mountain areas are under increasing pressure to innovate in order to find strategies to emerge out of development standstills, to endogenously increase attractiveness and competitiveness, and to increase resilience in the face of global change.
The issues of the future are rarely considered in research as well as in government discussion on Alpine resources. Debates have usually focused on the past in order to uncover social-ecological processes or histories of Alpine communities. These studies have shown how during the centuries, Alpine people have been able to adapt to changing conditions while maintaining the well-being of the community and managing the landscape in a sustainable way.
Recent fast driving forces are creating new scenarios for living spaces and new values, such as those related to ecosystem services, that have not been investigated previously.
Through the implementation of instruments of policy planning (see i.e. common agricultural policy and rural development plans), paths of innovation both in government and technologies may foster opportunities for futurability of Alpine communities but also counterproductive actions, threatening their identity.
We aim to investigate the most relevant questions that, if answered, would have the greatest impact on resilience and futurability of social-ecological systems of the Alps.
In particular we are interested to learn how it could make relevant a collective management, as many of the Alpine resources are considered by law as commons.
We hope to gather some questions also during two workshops we are organising (one in Trento, 30-31 may 2014 see https://sites.google.com/site/memoriadelleregole/evento-maggio-2014 and the other at ForumAlpinum at Mid September 2014 see http://www.forumalpinum.org/).
I have been proposing a replacement Natural Resource Tax, that would replace all taxes except a death tax. This in essence is a tax on the dangerous effects on the environment by the use of all natural resources, from land to fossil fuels to air and water.
Most of Indonesian territory is waters; this consequently affects the long coastline (number 2 after Canada) and widely coastal area. Most of the highest biodiversity is in the coastal area and Indonesia has three dominant coastal ecosystem, i.e coral reef, seagrass bed and mangrove. It means that most of coastal people very much depend on these ecosystems' availabilities.
Most of the indigenous peoples in the coastal community have their own role in managing natural resources, including coastal resources, especially those related to their needs, such as fisheries. We known a few of community based management projects, which are run by indigenous people, such Sasi, Awiq-awiq, Panglima Laot, Parrompong, and so on. But most of them only manage how to maintain fisheries, not their habitat/ecosystem.
This is by the lack of education in most of indigenous people. They know that they should guarantee that they could earn or utilize their fisheries not only today but also at the future. But, they have a lack of knowledge about their fisheries resources being linked to their habitat or ecosystem.
I am looking for literature on valuation of ecosystem services, particularly in environments where water is not scarce but competitive use of it leads to socio-environmental conflict- for example the Amazon.
There is an expression in English that describes a relationship of production where two producers share the results where one has the resources and the other provides the manpower?
I would like to know about the cost of treatment of acid mine drainage per liter or cubic meter, if somebody have experience or research to treat the acid water, can you please share it?
I'm looking for parameters of water use in an applied general equilibrium model.