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Narrative - Science topic

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This chapter picks up from chapter one on the tension between ‘old’ Eurocentric and nationalistic verses ‘new’ global(ist)–multiculturalist historiography from World War Two down to the present, with emphasis on the problem of the continuing conflation and alleged supremacy of ‘Western’ and ‘White Civilization’ within Western and World History narr...
Chapter
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In this chapter, I study Moero of Byzantium as an important predecessor of later Hellenistic poets. I explore Moero's engagement with scholarly debate, analyse her detailed generic play, and close by considering her possible direct influence on the work of Callimachus and his peers. Moero appears to have foreshadowed key features of Callimachus' po...
Chapter
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Little survives of Early Hellenistic Epic, so much so that different scholars have come to opposite conclusions about its significance: for Konrad Ziegler, it was once widespread and plentiful; but for Alan Cameron, it was practically non-existent. The truth of the matter almost certainly lies somewhere between these two extremes. But in this contr...
Chapter
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Indian Science Fiction evolves distinct epistemologies of engagement and entanglement with history, mythology, folklore-and with different scientific traditions and knowledge(s). This chapter delves into these negotiations and locates how (21 st century) Indian Science Fiction in English-language negotiates with the nation's "golden past narrative....
Article
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This study proposes a neoM.O.N.S.T.E.R.S. - mutating/mutagenic ontological narratives in spacetime echoing realistic situations - epidemiology to explicate zombies in/and contemporary India. Acknowledgement: This article is a part of a project that has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under...
Article
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Purpose: Fibromyalgia is a contested illness with unknown aetiology and poorly understood development. The present aim is to explore the pre-diagnostic illness trajectory narrated by individuals recently diagnosed with fibromyalgia (FM). Methods: Individual interviews about the course of the illness were conducted with seven women and three men (...
Article
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Virtual geographical environments (VGEs) are being used to represent our sense of place through the application of extended-reality or cross-reality (XR) technologies with a focus on technological advancement and immersion. In light of this, we propose that an expanded and interdisciplinary understanding of the concept of immersion is required to f...
Article
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The study intended to analyze online narrative writing of Covid-19 in a private university in Bahrain for lexical diversity and writing proficiency. At the Foundation Year program, EFL Bahraini students at the beginner and intermediate level wrote a narrative on Covid-19 via Blackboard. The researchers sought to answer four research questions: 1-Is...
Article
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Terrorist attacks on the Twin Towers in September 2001 have spawned myriad discourses in various disciplines over the past eighteen years. Framing Muslims as a homogeneous and sinister "Other" of the West, much of the post-9/11 Islamophobic discourse slaps a monolithic group identity upon the Muslims and thereby ignore the diasporic Muslims' hetero...
Article
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Since it is not possible to resort to participant observation, it is extremely difficult to reconstruct the forms and meanings of dance in a past society. This paper, adopting ancient Mesopotamia as its field of investigation, tries to overcome these limitations by resorting to an analysis of the lexicon and narrative of dance. The aim is to recons...
Conference Paper
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The physical dimension of climate change tends to be addressed by accurate statistics and modeling. However, it remains challenging to delve into its social dimension because climate change is generally perceived abstractly, being difficult to discern changes as they occur. Furthermore, climate change observations are spaced over time, and individu...
Article
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Background Despite being the most effective treatment for advanced type 2 diabetes, the choice to start and maintain insulin therapy is based on a variety of criteria, including the patients' acceptance and willingness to adhere to it. The patients' beliefs and experiences, on the other hand, could not be revealed without a thorough exploration. O...
Article
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In the last few years, an increasing number of articles, reports, websites, and official documents have been published with narratives that link Fulani pastoralists to insecurity in West and Central Africa. In this article, we critically analyse one of these documents: a legislation factsheet from the United States Commission on International Relig...
Article
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In simulation-based education, there is growing interest in the effects of emotions on learning from simulation sessions. The perception that emotions have an important impact on performance and learning is supported by the literature. Emotions are pervasive: at any given moment, individuals are in one emotional state or another. Emotions are also...
Article
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The performance of artificial intelligence (AI) for brain MRI can improve if enough data are made available. Generative adversarial networks (GANs) showed a lot of potential to generate synthetic MRI data that can capture the distribution of real MRI. Besides, GANs are also popular for segmentation, noise removal, and super-resolution of brain MRI...
Article
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Background The study was aimed at encapsulating the evidence of in vitro and in vivo antiviral activities of molnupiravir and its active form against highly pathogenic SARS-CoV-2, the pathogen responsible for COVID-19, and finding out the efficacy and safety of molnupiravir in clinical trials. Main body Information on publications was explored on...
Article
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In this paper, we examine the question how future studies can productively engage with the future by considering how art is engaging. This question is pertinent, as doubts about the future are increasingly urgent, while the need to engage with the future is not sufficiently addressed by the quantitative growth of future studies. In the case of clim...
Article
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Venous return is the flow of blood from the systemic venous network towards the right heart. At steady state, venous return equals cardiac output, as the venous and arterial systems operate in series. However, unlike the arterial one, the venous network is a capacitive system with a high compliance. It includes a part of unstressed blood, which is...
Article
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In contrast to discourses of multiraciality as leading to a future beyond race, this commentary looks at how multiracial discourses and symbols underline race. Taking an overview of multiracial discourses and identities in relation to Blackness in the United States and Brazil, this commentary examines the deployment of multiraciality to maintain wh...
Article
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Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is one of the most common sport-related injuries and the request for ACL reconstructions is increasing nowadays. Unfortunately, ACL graft failures are reported in up to 34.2% in athletes, representing a traumatic and career-threatening event. It can be convenient to understand the various risk factors for ACL f...
Article
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Modern web mapping techniques have enhanced the storytelling capability of cartography. In this paper, we present our recent development of a web mapping facility that can be used to extract interesting stories and unique insights from a diverse range of socio-economic and demographic variables and indicators, derived from a variety of datasets. We...
Article
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In Christian tradition, the name of the Biblical Thomas is connected primarily to the story of John 20: 27 in which the apostle in invited by Jesus to touch his tortured body. This invitation is the result of Thomas’ prior scepticism to the reality of the resurrection. Contrary to popular belief, the text of John does not indicate clearly if Thomas...
Article
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Objective The present narrative review provides a comprehensive update of the current knowledge on urticaria, both in adult and pediatric populations, and on the safety and efficacy of fexofenadine hydrochloride (HCl) as a treatment option. Data source A literature search was conducted on Embase and Medline. Study selection Clinical studies publi...
Article
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Online Social Networks (OSNs) offer new means for political communications that have quickly begun to play crucial roles in political campaigns, due to their pervasiveness and communication speed. However, the OSN environment is quite slippery and hides potential risks: many studies presented evidence about the presence of d/misinformation campaign...
Article
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Recommendations for using evidence-based practices have become increasingly common in services for individuals diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of this study was to conduct a narrative literature review to identify differences and similarities in evidence-evaluation criteria for group and single-subject designs that empirica...
Article
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Digital approaches are increasingly common in clinical trial recruitment, retention, analysis, and dissemination. Community engagement processes have contributed to the successful implementation of clinical trials and are crucial in enhancing equity in trials. However, few studies focus on how digital approaches can be implemented to enhance commun...
Article
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Current theories of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) propose that memory abnormalities are central to the development and persistence of symptoms. While the most notable memory disturbances in PTSD involve memory for the trauma itself, individuals often have trouble remembering aspects of everyday life. Further, people with PTSD may have diffic...
Article
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Return-to-sport (RTS) decisions are critical to clinical sports medicine and are often characterised by uncertainties, such as re-injury risk, time pressure induced by competition schedule and social stress from coaches, families and supporters. RTS decisions have implications not only for the health and performance of an athlete, but also the spor...
Article
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Research on immigrant students in higher education often articulates a deficit narrative emphasizing the challenges immigrant students face in comparison to their native-born peers. In education for global competence, however, immigrant students' life experiences give them a potential advantage. This study investigated whether project-based learnin...
Article
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Background Destination left ventricular assist device placement is increasing as a result of donor shortages and changing patient attitudes. As organ shortages become critical, LVAD programs become fundamental even in more remote regions of the world including island states. Here, we provide a look into the current state and availability of LVAD pr...
Article
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Seeking to obtain a competitive advantage and manage the risk of injury, team sport organisations are investing in tracking systems that can quantify training and competition characteristics. It is expected that such information can support objective decision-making for the prescription and manipulation of training load. This narrative review aims...
Article
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Background On the account of limited doses of COVID-19 available to the country, the Government of Ghana created a priority list of persons to target for its vaccination agenda. In this paper, we look at trust and how it informs willingness to take the COVID-19 vaccine among persons targeted for the first phase of COVID-19 vaccination program in Gh...
Research
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Die Klimagerechtigkeitsbewegung (KB) hat in jüngster Zeit eine erstaunliche Dynamik entwickelt und dazu beigetragen, die Klimakrise in Deutschland auf die politische Agenda zu setzen. Die sicht-barsten und mobilisierungsstärksten Bewegungsakteur*innen sind Extinction Rebellion (XR), Ende Gelände (EG) und Fridays for Future (FFF). In ihrer öffentlic...
Article
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The out-of-this-world hype cycle describes expectations and realities for extra-terrestrial resource production. Triggered by a technological innovation cluster in communication/automation/transport for the space industries, it inspires visions of prospecting and inter-planetary travel for economic gains. Visionary narratives are founded on (1) tec...
Article
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In the last few years several philosophers have highlighted the social dimension of imagination. In this paper I argue that thought experiments prompt social uses of imaginings, if we understand them as props in games of make-believe. In prescribing to imagine stories that develop through fictional narratives, authors of thought experiments prompt...
Chapter
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We have long since grown accustomed to authors of postcolonial literature challenging Eurocentric ideas about what constitutes a nation’s identity. In the last few years, authors without traditional postcolonial experiences have begun doing the same. This chapter compares three such works, namely Bergsveinn Birgisson’s Den svarte vikingen (2013,...
Article
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No common global definition exists of urban populations, resulting in a lack of shared standards across countries for equivalent comparisons. Therefore, I used global population models of Landscan, Worldpop, and Gridded Population of the World to generate a provisional classification of population density classes to define urban and rural by human...
Article
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In recent years, urban planners and designers are paying greater attention to Outdoor Thermal Comfort (OTC) studies due to the imminent threat of the Urban Heat Island and climate change on human health. Historically, indoor thermal comfort research assumed steady-state conditions, centralizing on the concept of thermal neutrality to determine opti...
Article
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COVID-19, and the wider social and economic impacts that a global pandemic entails, led to unprecedented reductions in energy consumption globally. Whilst estimates of changes in energy consumption have emerged at the national scale, detailed sub-regional estimates to allow for global comparisons are less developed. Using night-time light satellite...
Article
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This article examines how autistic youth and youth with learning disabilities (LD) discursively position themselves within narratives telling of their high school experiences to construct identities of disability. Analysis of the narrative episodes of 12 participants revealed advocacy and associated traits of disability as two superordinate themes...
Article
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In 2006, a narrative of the Desana people included a system of graphic symbols reported as a historical Indigenous invention used during intertribal warfare to count the number of enemies and pass warning information. This paper outlines and evaluates the Desana graphic system. The Desana people are described, and their timeline of mythical events...
Conference Paper
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At the beginning of the 21st century, smart cities became a favourite concept worldwide. There are many reasons why cities should be redesigned and continuously evolved into smarter ones. Of course, the realization of a smart society requires the cooperation of all stakeholders and various organizations. The concept of smart cities includes tra...
Article
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The goal of this study was to look at the issues of anticipating and reducing stress caused by changes in a person's life (patient). This study looked at patient narratives as one of the most effective types of psychotherapeutic work with adults, especially work geared at masculine development. We paid specific attention to the issues with signal m...
Article
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A contentious debate between the modern and postmodern epistemologies continue to wage on since the rise of constructivism and social constructionism in the 1990s. This debate has led to both modern and postmodernists falling into an either/or mindset. Others have proposed a solution, the both-and approach, that emphasizes integration of different...
Article
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Mentalization-based treatment (MBT) has been developed to treat people with complex presentations who may have diagnoses of personality disorder. Whilst psychological formulation is deemed central to the approach, MBT has no standardised approach to formulation. This article therefore proposes a diagrammatic formulation (the “MBT passport”), the el...
Article
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The fast development of biomaterials science and engineering has generated significant number of studies and publications as well as tremendous amount of research data. A methodology is needed to translate such research data and results to validated scientific evidence. This article for the first time proposes the concept and methodology of evidenc...
Article
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Despite the concerted efforts of the scientific community and politicians to contain greenhouse gas emissions, the CO2 level in the atmosphere continues to increase monotonically. This raises the question whether the scientific representations and related knowledge claims used to inform energy policy have been incomplete or incorrect. Are there alt...
Article
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We explored the potential of using real-time fMRI (rt-fMRI) neurofeedback training to bias interpretations of naturalistic narrative stimuli. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two possible conditions, each corresponding to a different interpretation of an ambiguous spoken story. While participants listened to the story in the scanner, n...
Article
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The use of dramatization as teaching/learning methodology, useful for the improvement of social, emotional, creative skills, and for the acquisition of knowledge on subject matters such as history, is an established field of research and practice. Yet, there are very few studies on children’s spontaneous dramatization in educational context and its...
Article
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Research on empathy in intergroup contexts among children in collectivistic cultures is limited. To address this gap, this study examined empathic responding in two group contexts (intergroup and intragroup) among Japanese children by taking into account the collectivistic cultural context. Children aged 4 to 6 years participated in an experimental...
Article
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In view of the major methodological challenges which confront researchers in public diplomacy (PD), the paper recognizes the method of comparative-historical analysis (CHA) as an eminently suitable approach for robust empirical studies. The paper starts by exploring different conceptualizations and operationalizations of public diplomacy. Subsequen...
Article
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This paper aims to investigate mind-body correlation and to propose an understanding of the unique movement of the invisible body in psychotherapy. The author examined the intermediate field of mind and body with reference to concepts of mind-body boundary in different schools. And they were examined once put into clinical practice based on bodily...
Article
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The present study investigated the comprehension of narrative with reference to global coherence, i.e., the global representation of story meaning and connectedness, across two different expressive modalities: stories conveyed through written language and stories conveyed through sequences of images. Two cognitive abilities possibly underpinning su...
Article
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In research, participatory approaches involve engaging in the research with people and empower co-researchers to have a voice. The aim of this review was to synthesize the methods and approaches used to enable children, adolescents, and families to be involved in a participatory approach in research conducted to inform development of health resourc...
Article
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We consider an extended form of the MX/M/c queue with two types of server groups: Static as well as dynamic (which turn on/off in a state-dependent manner) servers. The two server groups may have homogenous or non-homogenous service rates. The model is further extended to feature setup and delayed-off times, finite capacity, and k staffing levels....
Article
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Automated algorithms are silently making crucial decisions about our lives, but most of the time we have little understanding of how they work. To counter this hidden influence, there have been increasing calls for algorithmic transparency. Much ink has been spilled over the informational account of algorithmic transparency—about how much informati...
Article
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The integration of spiritual practices in therapy is a valuable tool for supporting and reinforcing change. This paper explores the use of a written form of prayer called a collect as an intervention in narrative therapy. A collect is a form of prayer with a structure that can be easily co-constructed by clients and therapists. This spiritual inter...
Article
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Alonso de Castillo Solórzano, prolific cultivator of the novelistic genre, gathered and published his work in miscellaneous volumes or colectáneas all along the XVII century. In these volumes, mainly formed by novels assembled in a narrative framework, dramatic pieces appear from time to time. This is the case of Fiestas del Jardín (1634), which al...
Article
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This September 2021 IEEE 7000 TM , the world's first standardized model process for addressing ethical concerns during system design is published. It shows organizations how to do value-based engineering by identifying context-sensitive, philosophically grounded ethical value requirements for their systems and thereby change not only their business...
Article
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End-of-life is associated with several physical and existential challenges that may necessitate and yet limit intervention. However, there is limited scholarly exploration of various therapeutic techniques that support the unique individual and family needs that arise during this often-challenging time. This case study examines the use of narrative...
Conference Paper
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Archaeology is well equipped to study history either as sequences of transformative events, or as a continuous process of everyday life where time serves as a function of cultural persistence. On a macro-scale, sweeping reconfiguration of human-material relations marked by events and interpreted as cultural change have been at the center of archaeo...
Presentation
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The lived experiences of Black men and Boys who must cope with race-base stress as a result of living in a hostile environment.
Research Proposal
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The Covid-19 pandemic has accentuated the importance of stable and adequate housing and helped to expose the extent of the ongoing global housing crisis. Through the direct effects of the pandemic, long-standing processes of financialization and marketization of housing became more visible than ever. Faced with mounting challenges and increasing hu...
Article
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Background: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a pre malignant condition of the oral cavity. Because of its increased mor�bidity and high malignant transformation rate, constant efforts have been made to develop effective treatment. Materials and Methods: The present review was carried out following the PRISMA protocol. Search was carried out throug...
Article
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Narrative competence, the ability to construct and comprehend especially fictional narratives, has long represented an advanced ability for language users (Pavlenko, 2006). This study explored whether additional language (AL) writers, who demonstrated narrative competence in English by composing fictional stories about imagined future scenarios, di...
Preprint
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Competition in pedagogy is increasing day by day with addition of new teaching domains. English as Foreign Language (EFL) is a new paradigm of teaching that is invading teaching space overall the world. With feel the need of English as an international language, all countries are intended to include EFL courses to coap the need of English language...
Preprint
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Competition in pedagogy is increasing day by day with addition of new teaching domains. English as Foreign Language (EFL) is a new paradigm of teaching that is invading teaching space overall the world. With feel the need of English as an international language, all countries are intended to include EFL courses to coap the need of English language...
Article
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Most African names have sociocultural identities, which convey thoughts, traditions, fortunes, conditions, histories, and other features. Translating African indigenous names from Yoruba into French and English transcends Saussure's postulation of signified-signifier arbitrariness (Saussure,1975). Previous studies in African onomastic translation h...
Book
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,,Wie entsteht etwas?" Diese Frage hat Wolfgang Iser (1926–2007) als Titel seines posthum veröffentlichten „Emergenz-Fragments“ in Betracht gezogen. Als Zusatz ergänzte er, dass es sich um ein ,,Gedankenexperiment“ handle. Der vorliegende Essay befasst sich mit Isers Projekt, in welchem er den ,,Dingen“ in ihrer Wandlungsfähigkeit und der Entstehu...
Article
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Central venous access devices (CVADs) including central venous catheters and peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are essential in the treatment of cancer. Catheter-related thrombosis (CRT) is the most frequent non-infectious complication associated with the use of central lines. The development of CRT may cause to delays in oncologic tr...
Article
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Excess body weight is a significant risk factor for the development and recurrence of many types of cancer. Patients with a history or current diagnosis of cancer who are overweight or have obesity have an increased risk of cancer treatment-related morbidity, recurrence, and decreased quality of life. Weight loss and maintenance of a healthy body w...
Article
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Futures literacy is a concept that has gained increased currency over the last decade and has been taken up by, for example, organizations like UNESCO in global initiatives to improve our capacity to performatively imagine the future and alter the course of dominant narratives. Rather than thinking singularly about what may constitute futures liter...
Article
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Some experiences linger in mind, spontaneously returning to our thoughts for minutes after their conclusion. Other experiences fall out of mind immediately. It remains unclear why. We hypothesize that an input is more likely to persist in our thoughts when it has been deeply processed: when we have extracted its situational meaning rather than its...
Article
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Copper has been used as an antimicrobial agent long time ago. Nowadays, copper-containing nanoparticles (NPs) with antimicrobial properties have been widely used in all aspects of our daily life. Copper-containing NPs may also be incorporated or coated on the surface of dental materials to inhibit oral pathogenic microorganisms. This review aims to...