Science topic

Narcissism - Science topic

A psychoanalytic term meaning self-love.
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I have run a survey and have a sample of participants that has a far greater proportion of females to males. I have run a multiple linear regression in SPSS with the dependent variable being Importance of Altruism (measured on a continuous scale) and the independent variables being six different personality traits (measured on continuous scales). T-tests show that males and females differ on some of these traits but not others, and so I decided to run both a weighted and unweighted regression in order to compare results when the theoretical gender distribution was equal.
The regression is showing a number of the personality traits as significant predictors in both the weighted and unweighted versions, however, one of these traits (Narcissism) was only significant in the unweighted analysis, not the weighted analysis.
My face-value interpretation of this would be that the effect was being inflated by the greater proportion of females in the sample and that the females must therefore have a higher score on Narcissism than the males. However, the t-test does not support this. In fact, descriptives show that the males have an ever so slightly (but not statistically significantly) higher score on the Narcissism variable.
Have I gone wrong somewhere in my interpretation? How could this be explained? Is it possible that it could be explained by one of the other IV's being a confounding variable on Narcissism but only (or mainly) in males? I need a little guidance on how to interpret this outcome....
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I may be off on a wrong foot, but are you sure you are using weighted regression correctly ? Isn't weighted regression usually used for unequal variances, not unequal sample sizes ? There shouldn't be any problem with unequal sample sizes in multiple regression. I wonder if what you actually want are estimated marginal means (emmeans, least-square means, lsmeans). These can be used to predict the mean of variable given the effects of other variables in a model. I have an example of least-square means at the following page. The example is in R, but I think it's simple enough to give you a flavor of what least-square means are. https://rcompanion.org/handbook/G_05.html .
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I have started writing an article related to "Narcissism" and its effect on "Social Media". Can anyone suggest a good quality journal where I can submit it. Basically, it will be a systematic literature review paper.
I do not finish my writing yet, so I am not able to share my title or abstract yet.
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Any journal indexed in scopus
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Hey,
I am currently working on a project where I am analysing narcissism features and white matter
integrity.
I did multiple comparsions (multiple regression) because I was looking for correlations for three tracts, a few sub scales o a questionnaire and positive as well as negative contrasts.
Now I have to correct for multiple comparisons. Is there any other method than bonferroni which is more robust?
#FSL
#DTI
#multiple comparisons
#correction
#multiple regression
#brain imaging
#diffusion tensor imaging
#Fractional anisotropy
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FDR is more robust.
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Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale
1 = very uncharacteristic or untrue, strongly disagree
2 = uncharacteristic
3 = neutral
4 = characteristic
5 = very characteristic or true, strongly agree
____ 1. I can become entirely absorbed in thinking about my personal affairs, my health, my cares or my relations to others.
____ 2. My feelings are easily hurt by ridicule or by the slighting remarks of others.
____ 3. When I enter a room I often become self-conscious and feel that the eyes of others are upon me.
____ 4. I dislike sharing the credit of an achievement with others.
____ 5. I feel that I have enough on my hands without worrying about other people's troubles.
____ 6. I feel that I am temperamentally different from most people.
____ 7. I often interpret the remarks of others in a personal way.
____ 8. I easily become wrapped up in my own interests and forget the existence of others.
____ 9. I dislike being with a group unless I know that I am appreciated by at least one of those present.
____ 10. I am secretly "put out" or annoyed when other people come to me with their troubles, asking me for my time and sympathy.
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Thanks you and YES!
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Are most people, who score high on neuroticism, score high on covert/ vulnerable/ hypersensitive narcissism, too?
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Narcissism and neuroticism are not the same. The former is a personality disorder and from that often the environment suffers more than the person him/her self. A neurotic person suffers more than the environment from his/her symptoms. There is also a difference in reality perception.
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The manual of the inventory that is available from Google search and is provided by Fredrick Coolidge on his website, doesn't mention the item numbers of Narcissism scale. One of the earlier versions of the manual indicates that the scale has 26 items. Can anybody please tell me the item numbers of Narcissism scale in CATI ?
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Have a look on Coolidgetests.com
All the Coolidge tests are available to researchers free of charge for university related research. You should get the test and scoring.
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Hello everyone,
I'm currently working on my bachelor's thesis and my study contains the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI). My professor recomended the following article to me: " Narcissism predicts impulsive buying: phenotypic and genetic evidence" by Huajian Cai, Yuanyuan Shi, Xiang Fang and Yu L. L. Luo. Now I would like to calculate the NPI score for each participant, but the instructions are not really clear. Where do I find like a manual how to calculate the score? I want to devide the participants into two groups: maladaptive and adaptive narcissism
I'd be thankful for every bit of information I can get!
Thank you and best regards,
Maria
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"Following Barry et al.’s (2007) scoring procedure, we computed
mean scores for adaptive narcissism (i.e., authority and self-
sufficiency items; α = .70) and maladaptive narcissism
(i.e., entitlement, exploitativeness, and exhibitionism items;
α = .75)."
From this paper:
Hepper, E. G., Hart, C. M., and Sedikides, C. (2014). Moving Narcissus: can narcissists be empathic? Pers. Soc. Psychol. Bull. 40, 1079–1091.
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The modern and technologized society isolates the needs that are only pieces of the human's holistic existence and living, and creates emotional unbalance for man. Modernity has gifted us with all sorts of amazing inventions, from sliced bread to self-driving cars, and the wonders of the internet and indoor plumbing. Unfortunately, the particular combination of all these modern wonders has also resulted in some fairly frightening trends in psychological and emotional problems. There are more than 200 classified forms of diagnosable mental illness. The most common psychological and emotional problems facing the world today are ones that you’re probably well aware of, but that also receive the smallest amount of attention in the media and among friends: egotism, narcissism, entitlement, depression, and dissatisfaction.
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Our current and rapid phase of exponentiality is a period of high instability, although it can end up in a more advanced state of human cooperation (gradual transition from the dominant win/lose to win/win models).
With respect to your query, I am sure that the inner limits of mankind will be tested: http://users.utu.fi/rakahu/jkl/erwin.html
This 'testing process' comes with a great and broad spectrum of medical pathologies,
in terms of physical and mental health.
As human mentalization (from external stimulation to internal response) is behaviorally dominated by the values of egotism, materialism and anti-theism (to cite E.Laszlo from the mentioned book/1980/directly), only an ethical change of value preferences (priorities) can decrease the statistical significance of the many epidemic pathologies.
A new 'theology of creativeness' is needed to overcome the modern diseases of body and soul.
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I have one DV- School performance and 3 IVs- parental narcissism, surgency, negative affect and effortful control and want to find the relationship between the DV and IVs.
I have dummy coded parents education and ran ANOVA and it is significant to narcissism and effortful control. Therefore do I need to include it as a covariate?
How do I include a parents education as a covariate in multiple regression? Do I need to do hierarchical regression and include it in the first block then add IVs in next block?
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Just include it as another covariate ( i.e. independent variable). SPSS language is,IMO, very confusing here. Best, David Booth BTW IVs don't have to be continuous.
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I am looking for papers that examine the associations between the Dark Triad and values of the Moral Foundations Theory.
If you're doing research on this, have any published or unpublished manuscript or data, I would love to hear from you!
Alternatively, please comment on our project below with a link to your paper.
Thank you!
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Hi Velvetina,
I suggest that you might consider the Dark Tetrad which adds "everyday-sadism to the Triad see Buckles, Jones, & Paulhus, 2013
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Dear Academics,
After deciding to study narcissism on athletes in sport psychology domains, this question occured in my mind. Would it be approprite method to use forced choice items in our researches to interpret the respective feature of subjects? As you know there is NPI (Narcistic Personality Inventory) in the literature, a forced choice scale assesing narcissism level. I wanted to conduct a study including this item. I also saw some studies using just one subscale of Big Five Personality Scales. Participants have to answer these questions because they are already assigned to conditions. I am looking an answer for both the methodological issue and in practice. It is simple to divide groups higher and lower with median but how proper these forced choice answers could represent what our participants carry within their personalities or attitudes.
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You can used a forced choice inventory If you are looking for concise responses. If you want a detailing of the same you could supplement this with an interview schedule.
The choice of the scale being used is dependent primarily on the purpose of the study but the statistical robustness of the same should not be overlooked.
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Some authors, from Freud to Sam Vaknin speak about narcissism as originated by traumas in childhood. Perhaps the hypothesis about trauma in narcisism could help to understand and to treat this patients.
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Ok! Thank you very much!
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Hi..
I want to use "Narcissm" variable. There are standard instrument for this variables consist of 40 statements (A and B option). My question is, can we reduce the question to 5 or 10 question, so my respondent (busy people) have time and still focus to fill all my variables instrument? If it can, how?
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Hello I Gede,
You may be able to shorten an existing measure by dropping items, but doing so will most likely affect both the reliability of the resultant scores (lowering, typically) and validity of the scores for your application.
If item-level correlations for the 40-item version are available, you could evaluate:
(a) the factor structure of the measure, with the notion that any items not loading on a unitary factor are not salient for your construct of narcissism;
(b) a successive dropping of items, starting with those having lowest item-total correlation (so as minimize reducing internal consistency reliability of scores);
(c) choosing only items that have strongest correlation with some criterion variable (e.g., score on another, verified measure of narcissism);
Note that doing either requires having data from a sample (relevant to your target population), responding to the original, full-length version of the measure. For purposes of noting whether any deleterious impact on score validity occurs as a result of method (a), (b), or (c), scores on some external criterion variable would be very helpful.
Good luck with your work!
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Hi all,
I'm writing an academic research proposal as a part of my Masters. I want to ground my research proposal on one of the social psychological theories. I'm truly confused as to which theory will be applied when it comes to a research proposal focusing on narcissism, attention seeking and self-promotional behaviour. My bet is on theory of planned behaviour but again I'm not 100% sure if I should base my proposal on this. Any help or ideas will be highly appreciated. Thanks!
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Jaya:
Consider the possibility of asking the question differently. Instead of asking what theory to apply, ask what theory you want to test in your research, or ask how you can contribute to the literature regarding a specific theory. Those who provided previous answers have provided some theories that are relevant to attention-seeking and self-promotion. Choose a theory, read recent research on it, decide whether it is of sufficient interest to you to devote much time to it, and then either read all that you can about the interesting theory or choose a different theory and start the "discovery" process anew.
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Reflection is thought unnecessary by the vast majority of humans today, both in science and out of it, both at RG debates and out of it. Can we continue to grow in intellectual stature without reflection? Why do we feel only we have the best answers or that we have a special dispensation for intellect? Is this not a direct outcome of narcissism? Are we willing to pay the price to prove our contention or maintain our narcissism?
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I would dare to say a bit of both ... although, I believe it helps to research an answer, contemplate wording, and compose a response offline before posting directly to ResearchGate...
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It's simple to find literature describing the dark tetrad traits (sadism, Machiavellianism, narcissism, psychopathy). But what I have not been able to locate thus far is research on resisting the dark tetrad: what strategies are most effective, interpersonally and socially, for limiting their negative impact.
Any leads?
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Sander Thomaes and Brad J. Bushman (2011) wrote a chapter called Treating Narcissus, which may give you some clues, at least about narcissism.
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I am working on narcissist personality and looking for some study regarding "when narcissist gets old what happens to their narcissists behavior"? Does it's narcissist behavior increase or decrease with the passage of time?
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The problems for narcissists who try to battle the aging process start when they take things too far, subjecting themselves to plastic surgeries that rid them of those hated sags and bags under their eyes or around their middles. Putting themselves under the knife for surgery after surgery can put them at risk for other complications.
In relationships, the midlife or older narcissist may fall prey to the vain desire to be as attractive to younger romantic partners. This could lead to their exploitation if these younger partners see them as targets for financial gain. Even without such dire consequences there may still be hurt feelings that result from such encounters. Behind their backs, others ridicule the narcissists seeking eternal youth for not “acting their age.”
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Hello and a Happy New Year!
I would like to estimate the relations between the BIG 5 and the Dark Triad (Narcissism, Machiavellismn and Psychopathy). My sample size is n = 282 and I have 123 Items for 11 scales.
Should I use a CFA with MLR/WLSMV-estimator or should I use Pearson-correlations with Bonferroni-Holm-correction?
What should I do, if my CFA had a poor model fit (chi square, rmsea, srmr, cfi, tli, and so on)? Can I interpret the correlations between the latent variables or should I switch to classical correlation analysis?
Thank you very very much and best regards. :-)
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- The sample size seems adequate for conducting CFA (see e.g. Todd Little's Longitudinal CFA book in which he shows that above N = 120 estimates stabilize in similar models).
- If there are at least 5 categories on each item, use MLR (see http://psych.colorado.edu/~willcutt/pdfs/Rhemtulla_2012.pdf).
- Poor model fit: Look for the reasons (examine residual covariances/correlations, and modification indices) - in case there are obvious reasons, modify model; in case not, leave it as it is. Latent correlations from CFA should be interpreted in any case. Switching to classical correlation analysis wouldn't circumvent the problem of badly fitting model, just aggravate.
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As the diagnosis of CPTSD is being proposed, it could turn the concept of personality disorders around forever. It seems that people with narcissistic personality disorder are stuck in a perpetual cycle of fighting toxic shame. Is it possible that a personality disorder like NPD is a chronic response to trauma rather than a permanent character defect?
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I think that part of the answer is looking at the later lives of people who survived severe trauma, such as concentration camp survivors. While features suggestive of BPD occur, I have never encountered research claiming that features suggestive of NPD did.
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I was coding my data and discovered repeated occurrences of instances where actors were behaving in a way that showed them in spotlight. They used tactics like bragging; they behaved in a showing-off fashion and also used story-telling to share their past stories, experiences and actions in which they presented themselves as heroes. This was indeed a negative behavior in the field and the other actors felt uncomfortable and lack of motivated. I coded this as 'exhibitionist behavior'. However, I could not find any concept in the literature on organisational behavior and management and the one that came closest is 'narcissism'. Can you suggest any concept I can look for? Thanks in advance.
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Hi Sriteja, this description overlaps with extroversion and you could also use the adjective bombastic, if you think it is appropriate? I wonder if these people were also over-confident? See Daniel Kahneman as a starting point on the latter. A room full of introverts would surely find the behaviour that you describe as annoying. On the other hand, if the exhibitionist had formal authority, then they would be tolerated by subordinates, due to the senior's legitimate power (French and Raven 1959). Hope this helps. Kind regards, Christine
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I'm planning to write about the relation between sex orientation and certain personality features (particularily narcissism). I'm looking for the research on this topic. I would be grateful for any information concerning the recent studies (2010-2017) dealing with this problem. Can anyone help?
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 Hello, Joanna Baj-Skierkowska. My article that Hendrika Vande Kemp posted is the basis for a book I published, "The Fragility of Manhood: Hawthorne, Freud, and the Politics of Gender" (Ohio State University Press, 2012). This book makes a case for the validity of Freud's theory of male homosexual narcissism as an exploration of mother-identified male psychosexual development. https://www.amazon.com/Fragility-Manhood-Hawthorne-Politics-Gender/dp/0814293018
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I am conducting in-depth interviews during the qualitative stage of a mixed methods scale development study. I have incorporated several elements of descriptive phenomenology; however, I am not sure which elements of context should be varied when utilizing imaginative variation, particularly when generating spontaneous probes during interviews. For instance, should I ask participants how their experiences of emptiness vary when people are present versus when participants are alone? What are the rules of thumb when choosing which elements to vary and how?
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Please also see below information, where the elaboration by giving examples, and illustration in terms of case studies, should be helpful to your topic. 
  • Anosike, P., Ehrich, L. C. and Ahmed, P. (2012) Phenomenology as a method for exploring management practice, International Journal of Management Practice, 5, 3, pp. 205-224.
  • Bevan, M. T. (2014) A Method of Phenomenological Interviewing, Qualitative Health Research, 24, 1, pp. 136-144.
  • De Castro, A. (2003) Introduction to Giorgi's existential phenomenological research method, Psicologia Desde el Caribe. Universidad del Norte, 11, 3, pp. 45-56.
  • Dowling, M. (2007) From Husserl to van Manen. A review of different phenomenological approaches, International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44, 1, pp. 131-142.
  • Giorgi, A. (1999) A phenomenological perspective on some phenomenographic results on learning, Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 30, 2, pp. 68-93.
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Communal Narcissism Inventory (Gebauer et al., 2012)
Relational self-esteem (Du, King, Chi, 2012)
Entitlement Attitudes Scale (Żemojtel-Piotrowska et al., 2015)
Collective narcissism scale (Golec de Zavala et al., 2009); 5-item version
Communal collective narcissism: 14-item (Piotrowski, Żemojtel-Piotrowska, Gebauer, 2016)
Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (Jonason, & Webster, 2010)
Religiosity single item (Norenzayan & Hansen, 2006; Gebauer, Sedikides, Neberich, 2012)
Intrinsic-extrinsic religiosity (Lavric & Fleure, 2008)
Religious overclaiming test in Christian/Buddhist/Hindu form (optional)
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Vallerand has published many translations, one on self-esteem.  Check his website...
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i am writing a literature review about narcissistic personality disorder and it is very difficult to find valid treatments. Can you suggest me any? Thanks in advance!
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History going back to the beginning of the first wars shows a remarkable consistency in the personalities of military commanders.  The list is boundless but many names will be obvious.  Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Genghis Khan, Richard the Lionheart, Napoleon, Hitler to name but a tiny few were megalomaniacs and narcissists, who are often remembered for their conquests but rarely for the horror and destruction that their ambition wrought upon the world. 
When we look upon such characters as heroes, saviours and historical greats are we perhaps celebrating the worst of human traits rather than the best?
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Winston Churchill, another historical giant and undoubted megalomaniac/narcissist was the great war leader who brought Britain through its 'darkest hour'.  
Churchill displayed almost histrionic narcissism during his early career and engaged in schemes of destructive grandiosity.  During the years of hubris between the wars he  suffered severe depression which he referred to as his 'black dog'.
It is almost impossible to criticise Churchill without being screamed down by 'patriots' in spite of his catastrophic actions such as Gallipoli and his attacks on the working classes.  
There is no doubt that Churchill was instrumental in the destruction of Nazism and that as a war leader his megalomania was productive in many ways.  That does not mean however that we should gloss over his many severe shortcomings.
It is perhaps most telling that in the first election following the end of WW2 the electorate rejected him as the leader for peacetime.  
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PNI - Pathological Narcissism Inventory (Pincus et al., 2009)
Thank you. 
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Dear Tobias, please find attached the thesis of Liudvika Tamulionyte (2014) with a good overview regarding German diagnostic instruments. She also mentions the PNI from Pincus et al. and notes work on a German translation at the University of Bern ("Aktuell wird am Institut für Psychologie der Universität Bern an einer deutschen Übersetzung und Validierung des PNI gearbeitet" page 29). Kind regards, Michael
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Research for a paper and material on this specific combination of subjects is proving illusive?
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Interesting that you refer to it as an addiction.  I like your descriptive form.  I've known some who suffer this addiction.  Hard to watch and hard to be around accept for short intervals.  They suck all the air out of a room.  If someone else were to have a thought, it might be hard to find a moment to exercise it.  You've given me some food for a short paper I have to write for a class.  Thank You again!!!
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When studying the population of individuals that commit stalking acts/crime, how often are these individuals considered, or diagnosed with Narcissistic Personality Disorder?
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Dear Donna,
this is a tough question! The literature in this field is very unsatisfying unfortunately.
maybe, the following is relevant for you?! 
1. The role of psychopathology in stalking by adult strangers and acquaintances by Troy E McEwan and Susanne Strand; published in Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2013; "The other type of psychopathology that is potentially relevant to stalking is personality disorder, which is present in 30–50% of stalkers in clinical/forensic samples (Mullenet al., 1999; Rosenfeld and Harmon, 2002). Cluster B disorders of the narcissistic, antisocial and borderline types are most common (Meloy, 2007; Sansone and Sansone, 2010). The best specific prevalence estimates come from studies of mental health professional victims, who report rates ranging from 35% to 45% in perpetrators (Galeazzi et al., 2005; Purcell et al., 2005; McIvor et al., 2008). Studies using diagnostic interview designs have not reported personality disorder by relationship type (Mullen et al., 1999; Rosenfeld and Harmon, 2002; McEwan et al., 2009), so any differences in personality pathology among ex-intimate, stranger and acquaintance stalkers remain unexamined. "
In this paper you also find an interesting table with regard to your question.
2. Personality disorder and criminal behaviour: what is the nature of the relationship? by Sophie Davisona and Aleksandar Jancaa; published in Curr Opin Psychiatry in 2012.
Best regards
Malte Bumb
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Sexual abuse of patients has become epidemic. The first solution may involve predicting personality traits or other "triggers" that lead to such behavior or make it more likely.
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The attached article describes this problem well, as sexual abuse by doctors is an international problem, though my focus is primarily the national occurrence of this behavior.
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I'm encountering an abundance of ER physician abuse of patients, including sexual abuse, in the emergency room. Why? I'm seeking every possible perspective. Please make available any full-text docs that relate. See attached for case examples from newspapers, etc.
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Hi, I would suggest that you use the lower level of analysis of the 30 Big 5 facets, because your question is very specific and the Big 5 domains too broad...have a look at the IPIP page for definitions and descriptions of the 30 facets and then you will have some ideas about which could be probable predictors...
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I have already found the following tests: Narcissistic Personality Inventory, Exner's Self-Focus Sentence Completion Test, and the NPI-16 (short measure of narcissism). However, it would be great to find a test that on the one hand measures egotism and on the other hand team/collective attitude.
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I have just validated a Perception of Group Humility measure for my dissertation. Contact me if you are interested in this.