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Mythology and Folklore - Science topic

Research into oral history, folklore and prevailing myths
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Publications related to Mythology and Folklore (67)
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This article examines the peculiarities of the functioning of symbolic images of stone and mountains in the folklore and literatures of the peoples of the North Caucasus and Abkhazia. The objects of analysis are myths, a heroic epic about the sledges shared by a number of Caucasian peoples, poetry by K. Mechiev, K. Kuliev, A. Keshokov, and R. Gamza...
Article
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The unique body of materials collected by the Soviet ethnographer and the North scholar I.S. Gurvich (1919–1992) in places of compact residence of the indigenous peoples of Yakutia (the Yukagir expedition of 1959) for the first time determined scientific interest in the problem of medical anthropology, which reflected original ideas about diseases...
Article
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The Indian sub-continent has a vibrant history of human-snake interaction spanning from the prehistoric period up to modern times. Snakes are an integral part of the ecosystem, agriculture cycle, mythology, folklore, art, iconography, etc., and we see them in depiction, worshipped in rituals, and even venerated in live form across religions; this i...
Article
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The label street-smart is a customary way to describe a person who manages to get by despite adversities. The concept highlights an innate quality in a person, characterized by slyness, resourcefulness and wittiness among other things. However, street-smart can also refer to knowledge a person has acquired through experience. Street-smart is practi...
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Z Gilbert Durand'ın les Structures Anthropologiques de l'Imaginaire (İmgelemin Antropolojik Yapıları) adlı yapıtında önerdiği imgeleri/simgeleri/arketipleri sınıflandırma, dolayısıyla imgelemi çözümleme modeli bir kişinin (bir yazarın, sanatçının) ya da toplumun, toplumu oluşturan bireylerin düşünme, inanma, yaşama biçim-leri olduğu kadar genel ola...
Article
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Snake is a reptile, very much respected in many cultures throughout the world, depending on what species it is. Ornate snake sculptures in Sri Lanka, India, England, China, Greece, Rome, Egypt, Africa, America, Australia, etc. (Steel, 2021) are evidence of the respect the reptile earned in most of the ancient civilisations by becoming a seminal inf...
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p> The purpose of the study is to identify and characterize social narratives in modern Ukrainian political cartoons («NV» and « Tyzhden.ua » web sites) for 2015–2020). Research methodology. In the course of the research the following methods were used: method of monitoring and analysis of documentary sources ( « NV » and « Tyzhden.ua » web sites...
Chapter
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Özet Yaşar Kemal tarafından kaleme alınan Ağrıdağı Efsanesi yarı efsane yarı gerçek özelliklerin taşıyan epik bir roman, bir halk destanı olarak biçimlenmektedir. Ağrıdağı Efsanesi’nde halk anlatıları, sözlü edebiyat yansımaları sadece motif, tema ve dil konularından ibaret değildir. Halk anlatılarının biçimsel unsurları da eserde belirleyici özel...
Article
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Can be viewed at: https://rdcu.be/b4phC Seaweeds have been around since well before the dawn of mankind and have had varying degrees of influence on societies throughout history. Today, they have a well-established position of value after much scientific endeavour and commercialisation of applications. In the distant past, however, seaweeds were s...
Article
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Mythology and folklore have long been important means for promoting literacy in human societies. This study aimed at validating a mythology and folklore module and evaluating its effectiveness in teaching the subject of mythology and folklore. This was in response to inadequate learning resources in teaching literature and to address the call for e...
Article
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Classical mythology, folklore, and fairy tales are full of dragons which exhibit fantastic attributes such as breathing fire, hoarding treasure, or possessing more than one head. This study maintains that some of these puzzling phenomena may derive from riddles, and will focus particularly on some plausible answers that refer to a real creature tha...
Conference Paper
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Mythology, Folklore and Cultural survival in Sudha Murty's selected novels As Winston Churchill rightly says "English literature is a glorious inheritance which is open to all-there are no barriers, no coupons, and no restrictions. In the English language and in its great writers there are great riches and treasures." Literature and Language has co...
Chapter
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This Chapter will examine the concept of the Wilderness as a cross-cultural milieu traditionally associated with supernatural encounters. ‘Wilderness’ covers a range of settings across both natural and human environments. Despite ecological variability, a unifying feature of Wilderness is its alterity, concretized in its portrayal as the domain of...
Article
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Sandalwood is the fragrant heartwood species of Genus Santalum album. The word sandal has been derived from Chandana (Sanskrit) and Chandan (Persian). Historical review reveals that sandalwood has been referred in Indian mythology, folklore and ancient scriptures. It belongs to the family Santalaceae. It is indigenous to peninsular India. It is pre...
Article
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Anthropology cannot work like comparative literature. The meaning of anthropology, of history, of archaeology, is in the differences between things and not the similitudes. By reducing all myths, mythologies, folkloric or fairy tales to all common points he gets a skeleton and yet this skeleton does not consider many things that do not go the way C...
Article
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The plot of the pursuit of the deer is common in the mythology, folklore and art of Eurasia from Stone Age till the Late Middle Ages. We propose to investigate the origin and development of this mythological motif, using archaeological, ethnographical and mythological sources.
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Unlike in meta-theatre, a novelist might not restrict oneself to stereotyping the other side of the broken wall to be inhabited by a human only. Narratives on paper allow fluidity and thus one might come across an extremely non-human being acquiring verbal prowess to communicate with the reader. This phenomenon of anthropomorphism is a concretised...
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Resumo Of the several fictional works about the Irish revolutionary Roger David Casement, none has reached the notoriety of William Butler Yeats’s poem “The ghost of Roger Casement” (1936). Roger Casement is known for acting as British Consul in Africa and in Brazil, having reported atrocities committed against the natives in these regions by impe...
Article
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The article deals with the ways of the precedent name inclusions in actualizing dialogical relations between an individual and his/ her cultural and historical heritage on the material of the texts of the British folk play. The precedent name is specified to be the means of expression of meaningful-actual and meaningful-contextual information. The...
Article
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The relationship between humans and dogs is complex and ambivalent. The dog was the first animal that Homo sapiens domesticated. This means that the human-dog relationship has lasted longer than any other human-animal relationships. Despite all this, mythological, symbolic and folkloristic traditions often depict dogs in a negative light and as a d...
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Biblical studies run along two parallel tracks nowadays. One is the extensive archaeological investigation, in particular on the Israeli soil, which provides novel, often surprising data, many of them supporting, or at least elucidating biblical narratives. The other consists of the analytical studies of the Scriptures, exegesis in the strict sense...
Article
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From dangdut to indie rock, kroncong to jazz fusion, music genres are and have been dynamically interpreted, combined, and created throughout the history of the Indonesian archipelago. The seven articles in this special issue of Asian Music investigate how genres are used by musicians and listeners to intervene in debates about modernity, national...
Conference Paper
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Santalum album is a small to medium-sized, evergreen semi parasitic tree of family Santalaceae. It has slender branches, reaching up to 18m in height and 2.4 m in girth. Sandalwood is one of the oldest known perfumery materials and it has over 2000 years of uninterrupted history. There are references to sandalwood in Indian mythology, folklore and...
Article
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Much of what has been written about the Professional Development School (PDS) experience consists of recounting personal experiences. However, these accounts often offer little to readers since they are neither good research nor good storytelling. In this article I draw on mythology, folklore, psychology and literature to suggest that effective sto...
Conference Paper
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Изследването анализира образът на слънцето паралелно в поетичния текст на в паневритмията, и в българските митология и фолклор и извежда следните особености и закономерности: В текста на Паневритмията думата „слънце” е често срещана- 44 повторения, но и в езическата и в народната християнска представа за свят у българите слънцето е един от главните...
Chapter
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Nuala Ní Dhomhnaill is one of the most distinctive voices in contemporary Irish literature. Her work, drawing on Irish mythology, folklore and orature has also attracted considerable international acclaim and has been widely translated. However, Ní Dhomhnaill has also indicated an awareness of the problematical relationship of women historically to...
Article
This paper examines the elements of magical realism in E. M. Forster’s novel A Passage to India which ranks among the top 100 novels written in English, and in which the writer immersed deeply in India with its – land, civilization, mythology, folklore, and the multiple religious beliefs of its inhabitants that constituted a literary mixture for hi...
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The primary source of material for this research was the folklore-ethnographic evidence stored in the archives of Karelia and collected over a century-long time period by Karelian folklore researchers. Comparative-historical, synchronous-descriptive and comparative-typological methods were employed. The scientific novelty and relevance of this rese...
Article
В статье рассмотрен один из мотивов осетинского Даредзановского эпоса – мотив прикованного героя, еще в древности вошедший в мифологию, фольклор, литературу многих народов и получивший название «мотив Прометея». Образ Прометея относится к «вечным образам» мировой художественной культуры. История прикования и освобождения Прометея и в древнегреческо...
Article
The paper explores the wide distribution of symbols whose religious and folklore interpretations are the same or similar among different cultures. The definition of symbols and their origin are considered, with reference to the theory of the "Mundus Imaginalis" of the orientalist Henry Corben, and its similarity with the "active imagination" of the...
Article
Sandalwood (White Sandal) is the fragrant heartwood of some species of genus Santalum. The widely distributed and economically important Santalum genus belongs to the family Santalaceae which includes 30 genera with about 400 species, many of which being completely or partially parasitic (John, 1947). The word Sandal has been derived from Chandana...
Article
The article considers the concepts of “poetic consciousness” and “national poetic picture of the world”, as well as the issues of structuring of the Russian poetic picture of the world through the spectacles of linguistics and its study in terms of diachrony and in comparison with the poetic pictures of the world of other cultures. The article form...
Book
The textbook presents the theory of children's literature, describes the history of interaction between children's reading and literature in Russia, and raises the problems of including works of mythology, folklore, and various genres of literature in the circle of children's reading. The materials are intended for teachers of children's literature...
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The subject of this research is the prophetic nature Nikolai Klyuev’s poetry. Publicistic and partially scientific literature holds a view, according to which the origins of poetic gift of prophecy of Nikolai Klyuev take roots in his extraordinary personality with certain occult knowledge that enables him to foresee the future national catastrophes...
Article
This study, based on ethnographic, linguistic, and folk materials, describes and interprets Buryat ideas of birds. The analysis of lexical data reveals the principal groups of birds according to the Buryat folk classification. The bat’s status is indistinct, since bats are not subordinate to the kings of the animal world. Diagnostic criteria underly...
Article
This article examines the reflection of the positive pleasure philosophy in the opuses of «Irish Melodies» by T. Moore and the poetic tonality preservation adequacy in the work’s translation into Russian, including reminiscences of Moore's poetic heritage in some poems by Mikhail Lermontov. Comparison of translations into Russian of some of Moore's...
Book
This unique volume integrates history, mythology/folklore, and theory and research to bridge the gap between Western and Middle Eastern approaches to and understanding of psychotherapy, particularly Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT). Part I lays the foundation with an overview of the theoretical essential...
Chapter
Based on ethnographic research conducted among the Irish Pagan community, this chapter explores Wicca and other forms of modern Pagan witchcraft in the Irish context. The Wiccan community in Ireland is diverse but connects in many ways with Ireland and Irish culture, whether through its landscape, mythology, folklore, or the Irish language. The dis...
Article
This study, based on archival, literary, and field data collected by the author, discusses the role of the snake, the frog, and the mouse in the Buryat mythology, folklore, and ritual. Using the respective lexemes, categories of these animals in the folk ethnozoological classification are described and are shown to be overlapping. The meaning of th...
Research
Theorists and critics of mythology and literature generally have regarded 'quest' as a universal or archetypal structure that has pervades all the great traditions of mythology, folklore, and legend. Joseph Campbell's 'monomyth' of the hero's journey or Northrop Frye's idea of the quest as the defining structure of romance in addition to W. H. Aude...
Chapter
This chapter examines how London’s Pacific stories are most frequently concerned with three interrelated subjects: an anthropologically-oriented interest in indigenous cultures and racial groups; an assessment of imperialism’s detrimental effects on native populations and its Western practitioners; and a search for wholeness and meaning through loc...
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The article addresses the representation of the male equivalent of the mermaid - the merman - in contemporary western illustrations found on the Internet. The article relies on a theoretical framework of gender studies, queer theory, masculinity studies and previous studies of the mermaid including those informed by psychoanalysis and folkloric stu...
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Precedent phenomena in the poetic language world byYuri Andrukhovych: functional and typological peculiaritiesThe article deals with a detailed review and analysis of the peculiarities of precedent phenomena in the poetic work of Yuri Andrukhovych.The author concludes that in his poetry Yuri Andrukhovych has actively used precedent phe­nomena with...
Article
The results of a comparative analysis of Russian and Chinese myths and legends about the mermaid are presented. Novelty of research consists in the fact that in the current research a comparative analysis of the image of such aquatic creatures in different cultural traditions is presented only to a small extent. Material of the analyses are the tex...
Article
Individual is a repository of the national worldview because language signs reflect the cultural and national mentality. Culture actually evolves and possibilities of the language expression change together with constantly developing culture. Native speakers form their outlook within the experience fixed in speech concepts that is found in mytholog...
Article
Central to both early modern critical study and the theory of intertextuality are concepts such as the plurality of discourse, the mutually informing relationship between cultural ideologies and texts, and the instability of texts. Following revised critical approaches, this essay argues that there is potential in the direct application and explora...
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This article sets out to discuss the role of the Ndebele woman within the various institutions of Ndebele culture. It analyses the woman within the context of marriage, family and society as a whole. The researchers trace the development of the woman from a pre-colonial context as reflected in the Ndebele myth of creation, through a colonial contex...
Book
Following a brutal attack at his home in the Indian hill station of Mussoorie, Stephen Alter sets off on a series of treks into the mountain to seek solace and healing. This book combines an account of these journeys with mythology, folklore, geography and natural history.
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In contemporary art, the problems of historical roots, ethnic and cultural identity, and intercultural dialogue are very relevant. Ethno-cultural traditions are naturally a part of the formation of schools of art; they contribute to their characteristics and provide a way to look at the school's national identity. This article aims to define the ro...
Article
There are cultures that focus on their origins, while there are also cultures oriented towards their destination: the former perceive the time in mythical manner – in its cycles, while the latter perceive it historically– in its linearity. The movement in the time-space continuum and its specifi cs in different cultures is provided by the desire ei...
Article
The present article considers the ratio of color semantics with and image archetype of a horse in Slavic and Euroasian folklore and literature. The authors of the article managed to show that in the course of emotional coloring of archetypical image in different cultures mainly three basic colors were used: red, white and black. These colors have v...
Article
The article is devoted to "real-like" stories (bylihkas/byvalshchinas) about house-spirit dwelling in Elabuga District of Republic of Tatarstan. They are classified in accordance with their genre specific character, the subject (plot), their stylistic particularities. Special attention is paid to the analysis of human behaviour in the situation of...
Chapter
This chapter suggests that the discourse formulated in relation to the dominant south Indian cinemas in Tamil or Telugu can prove to be homogenizing when used to analyse other regions, such as Kannada, which emerged before the linguistic organization of the states. It argues that Kannada films of the 1950s - which trace a separate trajectory by dis...
Article
Reading Plant Lives: Borderline Beings in Indian Traditions by Ellison Banks Findly may at first seem an irritating experience for a Sanskrit scholar, since it appears to look in a seemingly uncritical way at many instances, taken from all sorts of texts (medical, kāvya, religious, mythologic, folkloric, etc.) in which the view is held that plants...
Article
A dictionary of hinduism: Its mythology, folklore, and development 1500 B.C.–A.D. 1500. By Margaret and StutleyJames. pp. xx, 372. London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1977. £12.50 - Volume 111 Issue 1 - J. R. Hinnells
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THE LANGUAGE AND GENEALOGY OF EARLY SPY CINEMA: 1919-1959 AbstractThe following paper is a genre-specific study of early spy cinema that traces the language and genealogy of the genre from its conception to its modernity, in the films of Hitchcock, Reed, Wilder, Huston, and Fuller. Focusing on American and German film tradition, this paper examines...
Article
This study of anthropology and religious studies examining the process of sacralization of territory through the giratory community processions, known in Britain under the name "Troménies" (from the Breton language tro + minihi, translatable by « around the monachia », the territory pertaining to a Celtic monastery in the early Middle Ages). They a...
Article
This thoroughly-researched text utilizes literary criticism, studies in psychology, sociology, history, mythology, folklore, and Greek and Roman literature to show that violence in seventeenth-century Spanish theater is neither gratuitous nor the result of social codes, but rather "un complejo proceso ritualizado" (15). The study relies principally...
Article
The author offers a study of the "Celtic bestiary" which is understood here as the sum of the reel species above all; an overall view of the function and role of animals in medieval Celtic literature will be given, analysing especially the mythological, heroic and hagiographical texts. The evolution of the role of antique and medieval cult animals...
Article
In Stages of Evil, author Robert Lima has composed a readable and intriguing study that crosses time and space to illuminate the Western dramatic treatment of the unknown—specifically, the sociohistorical implications of common representations of evil. Through his thoughtful selection of theatrical figures and dramatic texts as points of embarkatio...
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Rebecca Campbell is a woman of letters, with the ability to coolly transform mythological, folkloric, and poetic references into succulent visual allegories that are eminently personal and contemporary. This article considers allegories present in works from Crush as well as in works from some of Campbell’s previous exhibitions.
Chapter
As this collection testifies, sirens have been a timeless and cross-cultural fantasy, incarnated and reincarnated in mythology, folklore, literary genres, visual arts, and music. Cinema is not an exception. As a deadly seductress and an embodiment of subversive sexuality, the cinematic siren has appeared in various embodiments, ranging from the vam...
Article
Fungi preceded man in evolution by millions of years. Nevertheless, they later became companions of man in many respects, negative and positive alike. They accompanied him with negative effects as poisonous or toxic organisms, causing diseases in man, animals, and plants. Their negative aspects also included degradation of food and of natural and m...
Book
Described by the distinguished theatre director Peter Brook as 'a very powerful form of theatre', the Ta'ziyeh is the Islamic drama of Iran. This work examines the evolution of the Ta'ziyeh, which involved elements drawn from Zoroastrianaism, Mithraism, mythology, folklore and traditional forms of Iranian entertainment. In its final form, most of i...
Article
Thomas A. Sebeok was born on November 9, 1920, in Budapest, Hungary, and died peacefully in his home in Bloomington, Indiana, on December 21, 2001. He was a pioneer in semiotics and the creator of the field of biosemiotics. He belongs to the most renowned exponents of semiotics in the second half of the 20th century. By means of his scientific, ins...
Article
The Severn Basin is an area rich in history, secular and religious, archaeology, mythology, folklore and literature. Correlating characters and events from mediaeval Welsh literature, traditional tales from other parts of the region, the iconography of the major religious sites in the area, the history of two important Celtic tribes, numismatics, b...
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Completely revised and updated from the last edition (1992), this annotated, evaluative bibliography presents more than 1,000 outstanding titles chosen for their quality, economy, and availability. Thirty-six chapters describe and judge these affordable paperbacks for libraries with limited budgets. Subject matter includes: general reference, area...