Mythology - Science topic
A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)
Questions related to Mythology
Dear Sri Lankan history scholars,
I advise a team of university students from all around Asia who are authoring stories that focus on various cultures of Asia. The stories are derived from stage plays put on during our multicultural week celebrations on campus here at Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University. I am wondering if you have any knowledge of mythical creatures of Sri Lanka that might play a transcendental role there. For example, although it makes appearances in a variety of cultures, there is the Manohara, a heroine half-bird, half-woman. Also, I wonder if there are any myths about the power of sapphires, in general, or specific ones, in Sri Lankan culture. I am sure you are way too busy to think about this, but if you happen to have something pop to mind and feel like sharing, I would appreciate your input! Which of these mythical creatures or elements might help people outside of Sri Lanka to come to a deeper appreciation of the uniqueness of the culture there?
Is there any centralized database that would list and preferably also shown on a map all Eurasian and African archaeological sites from years 5000 - 1500 BCE? I would need to see, whether the appearance of archaeological sites correlates with the appearance of ancient place names.
Our team studied the geographic distribution of 15 ancient name sets to see, where they appear as place names and personal names. We found out that most of the ancient name sets seem to have their urheimat in India (e.g. Phoenician, Hyksos, Mitanni, Berber, Sea Peoples and Ethiopian) or have a very strong connection with India. The second highest density of ancient names was found in the river valleys of Volta and Niger in Africa, with relatively high density also along Danube and at the western parts of Eufrat & Tigris.
A short summary of the study is available here:
and the full study is found in here :
When studying the mythological thought in ancient Egyptian art and tracing the artistic paintings in tombs, temples, and papyri, I found a link between artistic paintings with abstraction, surrealism, and symbolism.
The abstract is the art that moves the forms of nature from its image to its essential forms, in liberation from partial characteristics to total qualities, and from individualism to absolute generalization. Therefore, abstraction required stripping nature of its form in order to reveal its underlying secrets to suggest the content of the idea on which the artwork is based. It manipulates the form and drawings and goes beyond the object, as it is concerned with the imagination and the subconscious of things.
In researching the enduring place of racism in society, I have been impressed with Leon Poliakov's 1971 analysis of various social mythologies/genealogies in "The Aryan Myth." I am also interested in hearing other perspectives on the "stickiness factor" of these ideas.
I am looking for fiction (excluding fantasy and science fiction) drawing on preferably "Norse" or "Celtic" mythological sources other than the works by George Mackay Brown.
Please, I need your opinion.
I want to map the depth of 20,000 hectares of land. I have sampling points of 20,000 with their respective depth attributes and photos of the topsoil(less than or equal to 40 cm depth depending on the limiting horizon).
Now, I want to zone the entire 20,000 ha
with respect to depth and the ph value.
I want to employ machine learning algorithms to achieve this.
Any guidance on the mythology?
Much of this is quoted from elsewhere, but I think deserves its own thread:
Kuhn, who I have always seen as having a only a partial (that is: just a "some-parts" understanding) of a paradigm, still seems at least in the direction of being correct in some noteworthy ways. According to Kuhn : An immature science is preparadigmatic -- that is, it is still in its natural history phase of competing schools. Slowly, a science matures and becomes paradigmatic. (End of short summary of some of his views.) [ It will be clear I do not fully agree with these views, in particular: the " 'natural' history" part. ]
I would say that preparadigmatic is not yet science at all and characterized by flailing and floundering UNTIL a paradigm is found (and RATHER: actually, this should be done NOW and with any necessary efforts: FORMULATED). Preparadigmatic is nothing good, clear or even "natural"; it is a state of insufficiency, failing to provide for making for clear sustained integrated progress (and even, as indicated, I would say this situation is: unnecessary -- see my delineation of the characteristics of a paradigm * to see why this situation in Psychology is unnecessary and INEXCUSABLE, because clearly you MUST be doing paradigm definition the best you can, clearly and respectably). _AND_ we are not talking about progress in one vein (sub-"area"), but some interpretable, agreeable findings for the whole field -- a necessary condition of HAVING ANY sort of general SCIENCE AT ALL; obviously Psychology does not have that and should not be considered a science just because people in that field want to say that and supposedly aspire in that way [ ("aspire" somehow -- usually essentially mythologically, irrationally, and just "hoping beyond hope" (as people say)) ] In short: that state of preparadigmatic should not be tolerated; major efforts should be clearly going on to improve from this state immediately ("if not sooner", as they say -- i.e. this SHOULD HAVE BEEN DONE SOONER).
Since I think I DO KNOW at least many of the characteristics of a paradigm (presented elsewhere, for one: in the description of the "... Ethogram Theory" Project *) AND since mine is the only paradigm being "offered up", Psychology people should damn well take full note of that and fully read and come to a reasonable understanding of my perspective and approach -- all that leading to clear, testable hypotheses that, IF SHOWN CORRECT, would be of general applicability and importance and very reliable (in the formal sense) and , thus (as I say): agreeable. IN short, I OFFER THE ONLY FULL-FLEDGED GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY PARADIGM and if someone is in the Psychology field and really cares about science, they must take note (and fully assess it) (no reason for any exception): Minimally, all must "see" AND READ:
Barring any "competition", my paradigm should be studied and fully understood -- NO REASONABLE SCIENCE CHOICE ABOUT IT. It stands alone in Psychology, as a proposal for a NECESSARY "ingredient" for SCIENCE for Psychology.
* FOOTNOTE (this footnote is referenced-to twice in the essay above): The characteristics of a paradigm are presented the Project referred to: https://www.researchgate.net/project/Human-Ethology-and-Development-Ethogram-Theory-A-Full-Fledged-Paradigm-Shift-for-PSYCHOLOGY (in particular, in its description)
Celtic mythology tells of Eochaid Ollathair (“Father of All”), also known as the Dagda, the “Good God”. The Dagda's cauldron, one of the four sacred objects brought to Ireland by the Tuatha De Danaan, provided unlimited food and sustenance: "No company ever went from it unthankful".
But this is not a simple corncopia. The Dagda's cauldron is a central symbol of reconciliation, at the heart of good governance. It is the Coire Aisic -- the Cauldron of Restitution -- positioned in the Great Hall in the Rites of Tara and around which everybody must gather when a divisive problem has arisen. All persons who participate in the gathering, contribute what they have to the cauldron, so that it holds every form of sustenance used by the Irish. All those present (including lords and poets -- the knowledge holders and the 'stakeholders', as it were) must speak to the cauldron, instilling it with the knowledge and the purposes that they bring. Then each in turn is brought to the cauldron, and receives a fork thrust out of it; and, in this way, through the magical power of the cauldron, the proper portion comes out to each.
The Rites of Tara engaged people to renounce their prior claims, to contribute sources of nourishment and understanding into the common pool, so as to permit -- somewhat mysteriously -- the emergence of a just and respectful solution to the conflict. In what ways can these symbols be useful for orientating current challenges of reconciliation and conflict resolution?
From Robin Hood to the Kray twins there has been a tendency in Western European cultures to mythologise outlaws, many of whom were cold blooded murderers. The American gangsters of the 1920's to the present day have been glamorised is countless movies, comics and novels. The villains are often portrayed as far more interesting than their law enforcement opponent, who often in these myths become villains themselves.
The murderous activities of Jesse James and Billy the Kid, John Dillinger and Bonny & Clyde left dozens of innocent people dead and many families of ordinary folk grieving. The New York & Chicago mobs destroyed the lives of thousands and made life a misery for the legitimate businesses of those cities.
The reality is that virtually all gangsters going back from modern times to the medieval outlaw were motivated by greed and prepared to kill sometimes for pleasure to support their life styles.
What is it about Western culture that perpetuates the heroic myths?
I wanted to understand the science behind mythotherapy and who are the one's practicing it. What type of mental effects it has and in what amount of time?
A basic definition to mythotherapy from google search, " Mythotherapy is an interdisciplinary therapeutic method which uses myths and sacred texts and mythological findings for therapy; and at the same time uses psychology, cognitive sciences, cognitive behavior therapy, anthropology, philosophy and ancient knowledge and wisdom for therapeutic intentions. Mythotherapy is also a method for knowing the self and self-actualization. What is important in mythotherapy is the fundamental realms of human soul and spirit. They are said to contain archetypes as well as an unconscious knowledge and wisdom. "
- “Black magic” reality or myth?
- What is magic?
- What is black magic?
- Does it exists?
- Do the concept of Black magic have significant effects on Human economics, sociology and creativity?
- Any proven scientific references of black magic?
- What are “magical mysterious Spells?”
- Any scientific prove that magical spells works?
- What can be expected mechanism by which spells works?
- Electromagnetic field & quantum spectrum get effects by magical spells and magical products?
- Does acoustic-optics property of human voices can effect brain waves and neural combinations? Any proven references?
- Ghosts, Metaphysical products, or any Undefinable Energy Objects (UEO), "shadow shapes" etc have any link with black magic
- Black magic in real is a refine example of an illusionary mythologies?
- If it exists then what can be its treatments?
- Any scientific explanation for “Black magic”?
- Any other point you want to add
The British colonialism have very deep effect on World, From marketing till Globalization. It were on any name but the responses were very deep. Still Commonwealth countries are facing the effects generation after generations. It the induction into social and religious, mythological matters with Pin Point areas. Still British policy planning support is creating effects which whole world is facing.
1) Were British Mindset right to do all this?
2) Who will clean up the mess creating in response of British Policies?
3) Do British policy planers need to accept the responsibility for it?
4) Do British need to stop it?
5) Do its indicator that British Policies need to role back and World need to oppose British Royals to make such policies which destroy the World Peace?
6) Is it end of "Tricks" to rule the world?
7) Ever Britain will realize the mess it creates for whole human being just in quest of illegitimate conquer?
Thanks for find out deep and struggle for solutions
How to approach a deep reading of Pasolini? How the semantic levels of texts of hermetic & mystical tradition could be used here? Is higher spirituality/higher consciousness/modern and post-modern spirituality/mysticism/metaphysics/mythology an important key to a more appropriate and more insightful reading of oeuvre of Pasolini?
Neanderthals were extant till a comparatively recent past. In fact nobody is very sure about when or how they disappeared. Also it is found that non-African modern humans carry a small but significant amount of their DNA. On the other hand throughout folklore, mythology, and cryptobiology we come across 'other type of human or human-like beings'. Taken together these raise the tantalizing possibility of finding isolated populations of extant Neanderthals. Again, through genetic manipulations, we may regenerate such individuals. I would like to know the possibility of either if these.
Stem cell research is a long-standing subject. Quite a lot is known for stem cells. But their massive use in medicine is a novelty of recent times. This area of medicine is developing rapidly. Appears many clinics in various countries around the world. Clinics promise a solution to many problems. It begins with the rejuvenation of the body. Everyone wants to rejuvenate for 5 - 10 - 15 years. Why not? The declarations end with the promise of treating a large number of diseases that were previously considered not measurable. How to get correct information on the current level of development of stem cell medicine? What are the proportions of science, commerce and mythology in modern knowledge about stem cells and their use for medical purposes?
Chimera, in genetics, an organism or tissue that contains at least two different sets of DNA, most often originating from the fusion of as many different zygotes (fertilized eggs). The term is derived from the Chimera of Greek mythology, a fire-breathing monster that was part lion, part goat, and part dragon.
We here at Loughborough University in the UK have a Research Group to investigate "The Arts in the Public Sphere", and we are holding a conference at our London campus on "Modern Mythologies" (September, 2019). There will be some of Barthes's ideas debated. If you all like we could develop our own conversation?
I am looking for specialized sources on Jungian archetypes in the novels of Charles Dickens. I have more general sources that outline Jungian archetypes but I was hoping to get help in finding sources that are specific to Dickens.
It is not an expression of the wisdom of the "wisest" (Homo sapiens) and this evolutionary killing instinct having millions of years of history, need to be irradiated if we really qualify to be the wisest. Or else if the dangerous weapons used as IBM the life will be wiped out from earth surface by the Kalki Avtara (incarnation) to destroy the Evil Creation as per Hindu mythology.
if you have any text which can help me with interpreting sophisticated ideas and philosophy of Benjamin and make my way easy through his ideas to Messianism in political revolution, I'll appreciate if you share.
I'm looking for stories anchored as firmly in the 'real' as in the magical – not sic-fi and not mythology, and suggestions of works by African/Asian authors particularly welcome.
Do you know of descriptions in which one social constituency positions it’s version of anarrative as historically ‘true’, whereas a different constituency claims that its own version of the same ‘events’ is ‘symbolic’ in nature? Any bibliography on this aspect of the history/myth dichotomy would be most welcome.
In the study of ancient history or theology the concept of "myths' is very important because in both of the fields and even in philosophy scholars always try to stretch the past to justify the present, in this sense myths are the carrier of perception of reality is a matter of debate among the scholars but it is very true that the mythological myths in all religions/civilisations posses a dogma of being sacred due to its longevity and moral ideas. On the basis of these two ideas can we argue that 'the construction of present reality' is under challenge because some how it has been associated with the idea of "myths" in the past.
There are a lots of papers which explain and investigate PROMETHEE I and PROMETHEE II also GAIA. However, I cannot find any papers which explains PROMETHEE III and IV which and be in English.
If you know any people which can help me in understanding them I kindly ask you to introduce them to me.
I have been observing a subtle symbol on a variety of surfaces in both the East and West Hemispheres and to date have not been able to identify it. The symbol consists of two separate motifs: two parrot profiles facing each other, and a rounded triangular shape with a headdress consisting of an array of small birds or tripartite triangular features. The triangular form many times presents a curved tail. The symbol is formed by the heads of the two birds positioned within the trianglur shape and form the "eyes" of a face. Known parallels are the Hindu Naga based upon the King Cobra hood and the Chinese Fenghuang bird pair, however I have never seen them conflated like this. Lastly the "Face" is often red when using color stretching software. I am going attempt to attached a picture. I am attaching a tracing sans one of the birds. Thanks much, Jon
Even in modern times myth has served as a fundamental ingredient of politics: idealization of leaders, of historical events, of the origins of a community or a nation, are some of the most common. Myth and structured mythologies have played several essential functions in human life: 1) cognitive: myth explains the origin of all things, the reason of their existence, why is life as it is; 2) ontological: it roots human life in a cosmos and its archetypical order; 3) moral and psychological: it presents the conflicts inherent to human existence, the relation between interior conscience and the external world, offering harmonious solutions to those conflicts; 4) social and political: it creates the codes of collective identity, unifies the beliefs of social groups and legitimates social and political institutions.
However, we should distinguish between traditional myths that have a religious character and modern myths, which are predominantly profane.
I'm seeking additional examples to go along with those like (a) the Babylonian king Hammurabi receiving his ‘code’ from Shamash (the god of justice) or (b) the God of the Israelites presenting Moses with the Ten Commandments on Mount Sinai. What are some other historical myths of divinely bequeathed moral codes?
What is the role of myths in today's culture? How could they be reinterpreted? What is the role of myths and folklore in diasporic communities (particularly for Iranian)?
For quite a while now, I have been regarding Heroes and Gods as externalized and personified concepts representing basic biological urges and emotional responses to the world. Does anyone else have this theory? Am I barking up the wrong tree?
I have been working with some unique material from the Carpathian Basin which show similarities with the abstract decoration of the gaming boards of Ur but I cannot find any publication on these abstract decorations.
This stems from the earlier question I posted on 1 October 2013, for a friend seeking the source of a reference to these in a medieval translation of Boethius. Please see that question for more details.